Muskogee is a city in and the county seat of Muskogee County, United States. Home to Bacone College, it lies 48 miles southeast of Tulsa; the population of the city was 39,223 as of the 2010 census, a 2.4 percent increase from 38,310 at the 2000 census, making it the eleventh-largest city in Oklahoma. The 1951 film Jim Thorpe – All-American, starring Burt Lancaster, was filmed on the campus of Bacone Indian College at Muskogee. Three feature films were shot in Muskogee: Salvation and American Honey. French fur traders were believed to have established a temporary village near the future Muskogee in 1806, but the first permanent European-American settlement was established in 1817 on the south bank of the Verdigris River, north of present-day Muskogee. After the passage of the Indian Removal Act of 1830 under President Andrew Jackson, the Muscogee Creek Indians were one of the Five Civilized Tribes forced out of the American Southeast to Indian Territory, they were accompanied by their slaves to this area.
The Indian Agency, a two-story stone building, was built here in Muskogee. It was a site for meetings among the leaders of the Five Civilized Tribes. Today it serves as a museum. At the top of what is known as Agency Hill, it is within Honor Heights Park on the west side of Muskogee. In 1872, the Missouri–Kansas–Texas Railroad was extended to the area. A federal court was established in Muskogee in 1889, around the same time that Congress opened portions of Indian Territory to non-Native settlers via land rushes; the city was incorporated on March 19, 1898. Ohio native Charles N. Haskell moved to the city in March 1901, he was instrumental in building on the land rush. Haskell built the first five-story business block in Oklahoma Territory. Most he organized and built most of the railroads running into the city, which connected it to other markets and centers of population, stimulating its business and retail, attracting new residents; as Muskogee’s economic and business importance grew, so did its political power.
In the years before the territory was admitted as a state, the Five Civilized Tribes continued to work on alternatives to keep some independence from European Americans. They met together August 21, 1905 to propose the State of Sequoyah, to be controlled by Native Americans, they met in Muskogee to draft its constitution, planning to have Muskogee serve as the State's capital. The proposal was vetoed by US President Theodore Roosevelt and ignored by Congress; the US admitted the State of Oklahoma to the Union on November 1907 as the 46th State. Muskogee attracted national and international attention when, in May 2008, voters elected John Tyler Hammons as mayor. Nineteen years old at the time of his election, Hammons is among the youngest mayors in American history. Muskogee is an economic center for eastern Oklahoma and operates the Port of Muskogee on the Arkansas River, accessible from the Gulf of Mexico. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 38.8 square miles, of which 37.3 square miles is land and 1.4 square miles is water.
Muskogee is near the confluence of Verdigris River and Grand River. The area around this confluence has been called Three Rivers, it is served by U. S. Route 62, U. S. Route 64, U. S. Route 69, Oklahoma State Highway 16, Oklahoma State Highway 165, Oklahoma State Highway 351 and the Muskogee Turnpike. Muskogee lies in the Arkansas River Valley and has a low, sea-level elevation compared to much of the rest of the state; the city is on the boundary of the oak and hickory forest region of eastern Oklahoma and the prairie, Great Plains region of northeastern Oklahoma. It is a suburban community of Tulsa; the city's climate is warmer and more humid than other parts of the state. These data were accessed through the WRCC and were compiled over the years 1905 to 2016; the record high occurred in August 1936, the record low in 1905. As of the census of 2000, there were 38,310 people, 15,523 households, 9,950 families residing in the city; the population density was 1,026.0 people per square mile. There were 17,517 housing units at an average density of 469.1 per square mile.
The racial makeup of the city was 61.12% White, 17.90% African American, 12.34% Native American, 0.90% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 1.57% from other races, 6.16% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.28% of the population. There were 15,523 households out of which 29.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.2% were married couples living together, 15.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 35.9% were non-families. 31.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.8% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 3.00. In the city the population was spread out with 25.7% under the age of 18, 9.7% from 18 to 24, 25.8% from 25 to 44, 21.4% from 45 to 64, 17.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 88.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.4 males. The median income for a household in the city was $26,418, the median income for a family was $33,358.
Males had a median income of $28,153 versus $20,341 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,351. About 14.6% of families and 19.2% of the population were below the poverty line
Bristow is a city in Creek County, United States. The population was 4,222 at the 2010 census, down 2.4 percent from 4,325 at the 2000 census. Bristow began in 1898, when the St. Louis–San Francisco Railway built a track between Sapulpa and Oklahoma City; the town was named for Joseph L. Bristow, a U. S. senator from Kansas. A post office was established April 25, 1898. By the 1900 census, the population was 626. Bristow was designated as the county seat for Creek County at statehood when its population was 1,134. However, the county held a special election on August 20, 1908, to decide whether the seat would remain in Bristow or move to Sapulpa, which claimed to be more centrally located. Bristow claimed to have better railroad connections. Sapulpa won the election; the election was voided and a new vote was held November 20, 1912. Again, Sapulpa won the title of county seat; the local economy depended on cotton. Bristow had two cottonseed oil mills in the early 20th century. Other farms in the surrounding area produced corn, peanuts and fruit.
Oil and gas were discovered in the area around 1915. The discovery led to the construction of three refineries and four pipeline companies by 1930; the Oklahoma-Southwestern Railway Company built a short line from the oilfields to Bristow in 1920. The peak census population was 6,619 in 1930 Several sites in Bristow are listed on the National Register of Historic Places, including the Beard Motor Company, Bristow Chrysler Plymouth, Bristow Motor Company Building, Bristow Presbyterian Church, Bristow Tire Shop, Little Deep Fork Creek Bridge, Texaco Service Station. Bristow is located in northern Oklahoma, just south of the geographic center of Creek County. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.6 square miles, of which 3.6 square miles is land and 0.08 square miles, or 1.66%, is water. The geographic coordinates of Bristow are 35°49′51″N 96°23′26″W. Interstate 44, the Turner Turnpike, passes through the northern part of the city, with access from Exit 196.
I-44 leads northeast 20 miles to Sapulpa and 33 miles to downtown Tulsa, southwest 76 miles to Oklahoma City. Oklahoma State Highway 66 U. S. Route 66, passes through the center of Bristow and parallels I-44; as of the census of 2000, there were 4,325 people, 1,793 households, 1,161 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,299.2 people per square mile. There were 2,019 housing units at an average density of 606.5 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 75.42% White, 8.51% African American, 10.64% Native American, 0.16% Asian, 0.44% from other races, 4.83% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.01% of the population. There were 1,793 households out of which 31.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.7% were married couples living together, 17.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 35.2% were non-families. 32.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.3% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 2.98. In the city, the population was spread out with 27.9% under the age of 18, 9.2% from 18 to 24, 24.4% from 25 to 44, 20.1% from 45 to 64, 18.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 83.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 79.1 males. The median income for a household in the city was $24,351, the median income for a family was $31,618. Males had a median income of $28,475 versus $21,711 for females; the per capita income for the city was $13,819. About 15.8% of families and 20.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 34.5% of those under age 18 and 14.3% of those age 65 or over. From its inception, Bristow's economy centered on agriculture, on growing and processing cotton. By the early 1900s, Bristow had two cotton-seed oil mills. Additionally, other farmers in the area produced corn, Irish potatoes, fruits. Oil and natural gas were discovered nearby in 1914 - 1915, producing an economic boom lasting until 1923.
The boom caused a population spike. According to the Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture, nearly 31,000 people lived within a few miles radius of Bristow in 1920. Although the boom cooled by 1925, by 1930 the city was the site of three oil refineries, four pipeline facilities and offices for several petroleum-related companies. KFRU, one of Oklahoma's first radio stations, started broadcasting from Bristow in January 1925; some manufacturing facilities were added during the 1960s, including Bristow Mattress Factory, the Glassmarc Corporation, Artemis Incorporated, the U. S. Carpet Company. Bristow has a home-rule charter form of government. Josiah Henson, bronze medalist at the 1952 Summer Olympics Clovis Maksoud, diplomat and journalist Tom Paxton, influential American folk singer, moved to Bristow with his parents in 1948 Robert Symonds, actor City of Bristow official website Bristow visitors' website
Carter County, Oklahoma
Carter County is a county located in the U. S. state of Oklahoma. As of the 2010 census, the population was 47,557, its county seat is Ardmore. The county was named for a Cherokee who lived among the Chickasaw. Carter County is part of the OK Micropolitan Statistical Area, it is a part of the Texoma region. Prior to statehood, the present Carter County, was part of Pickens County in the Chickasaw Nation of Indian Territory. After the Civil War, the government of the United States forced the Chickasaw government to allow railroads built across its territory; the Gulf and Santa Fe Railway built a line north from Texas to Purcell. In 1901-1903 the Arkansas and Choctaw Railway built a line from Arkansas to Ardmore. Oil production spurred further railroad development. In 1913-14, the Oklahoma, New Mexico and Pacific Railway constructed a line from Ardmore west to Ringling. In 1916, the Ringling and Oil Fields Railway laid tracks north from Ringling Junction to Healdton; these last two rail lines were abandoned in 1976.
Oil and gas production began early in the 20th Century. The Healdton field opened in 1913, led to the development of Ardmore as a major oil production center. However, a disastrous fire occurred in Ardmore in 1915, when a railroad car exploded, killing 43 people and destroying much of the downtown. Ardmore and the local oil industry recovered, the city became a manufacturing center. Akron Tire and Rubber Company built and operated a plant in Ardmore as early as 1915. In 1970, Uniroyal built a tire plant there, it was acquires by Michelin North America in 1990. By the start of the 21st Century, manufacturing was the largest component of the county economy. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 834 square miles, of which 822 square miles is land and 12 square miles is water; the county contains parts of several physiographic regions, including the Arbuckle Mountains, the Coastal Plains, the Red Bed plains and the Cross Timbers. The northern part of the county drains to the Washita River, while several creeks drain the southern part directly to the Red River.
The Healdton Field, encompassing Healdton and located in the western portion of Carter County, produces from the Pennsylvanian Healdton sands of the Hoxbar Group and the Ordovician massive carbonate Arbuckle Group. The field is located on the "Healdton uplift", a northwest-southeast trending anticline, which formed with the Wichita Orogeny, is 8 miles long and up to 3 miles wide; this was followed by deposition of the Healdton sandstones and shales on pre-Pennsylvanian eroded rocks and subsequent folding during the Arbuckle Orogeny. A prospector named Palmer drilled a shallow well, 425 feet, near an oil seep in the 1890s but Federal Law prohibited oil development on "Indian lands" until the early 1900s. Therefore, the discovery of the field is credited to the drilling of No. 1 Wirt Franklin in 1913. Garvin County Murray County Johnston County Marshall County Love County Jefferson County Stephens County As of the census of 2000, there were 45,621 people, 17,992 households, 12,648 families residing in the county.
The population density was 55 people per square mile. There were 20,577 housing units at an average density of 25 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 77.4% White, 7.60% Black or African American, 7.92% Native American, 0.60% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 1.13% from other races, 4.45% from two or more races. 2.78% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 17,992 households out of which 32.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.50% were married couples living together, 12.00% had a female householder with no husband present, 29.70% were non-families. 26.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.20% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 2.98. In the county, the population was spread out with 26.20% under the age of 18, 7.90% from 18 to 24, 26.70% from 25 to 44, 23.20% from 45 to 64, 16.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years.
For every 100 females, there were 92.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.00 males. The median income for a household in the county was $29,405, the median income for a family was $36,729. Males had a median income of $30,018 versus $20,877 for females; the per capita income for the county was $15,511. About 12.70% of families and 16.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.70% of those under age 18 and 12.40% of those age 65 or over. Ardmore Healdton Lone Grove Wilson Dickson Gene Autry Ratliff City Springer Tatums National Register of Historic Places listings in Carter County, Oklahoma Healdton: Oklahoma's First State-Regulated Oil Field Carter County Government webpage Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture - Carter County Oklahoma Digital Maps: Digital Collections of Oklahoma and Indian Territory
Norman is a city in the U. S. state of Oklahoma located 20 miles south of downtown Oklahoma City. As the county seat of Cleveland County and a part of the Oklahoma City metropolitan area, its population was 110,925 at the 2010 census. Norman's estimated population of 122,843 in 2017 makes it the third-largest city in Oklahoma. Norman was settled during the Land Run of 1889, which opened the former Unassigned Lands of Indian Territory to American pioneer settlement; the city was named in honor of Abner Norman, the area's initial land surveyor, was formally incorporated on May 13, 1891. Economically the city has prominent higher education and related research industries, as it is home to the University of Oklahoma, the largest university in the state, with nearly 32,000 students enrolled; the university is well known for its sporting events by teams under the banner of the nickname "Sooners," with over 85,000 people attending football games. The university is home including the Fred Jones Jr.. Museum of Art, which contains the largest collection of French Impressionist art given to an American university, as well as the Sam Noble Oklahoma Museum of Natural History.
The National Weather Center, located in Norman, houses a unique collection of university, state and private sector organizations that work together to improve the understanding of events related to the Earth's atmosphere. Norman lies within Tornado Alley, a geographic region where tornadic activity is frequent and intense; the Oklahoma City metropolitan area, including Norman, is the most tornado-prone area in the world. The Storm Prediction Center, a branch of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration is located at the NWC. SPC forecasts severe tornado outbreaks nationwide. Additionally, research is conducted at the co-located National Severe Storms Laboratory, which includes field research and operates various experimental weather radars; the Oklahoma region became part of the United States with the Louisiana Purchase in 1803. Prior to the American Civil War the United States government began relocating the Five Civilized Tribes – the five Native American tribes that the United States recognized via treaty – to Oklahoma.
Treaties of 1832 and 1833 assigned the area known today as Norman to the Creek Nation. Following the Civil War, the Creeks were accused of aiding the Confederacy and as a result they ceded the region back to the United States in 1866. In the early 1870s, the federal government undertook a survey of these unassigned lands. Abner Ernest Norman, a 23-year-old surveyor from Kentucky, was hired to oversee part of this project. Norman's work crew set up camp near what is today the corner of Lindsey streets. In 1887, the Atchison and Santa Fe Railway began service to the area, opened to settlement as part of the Land Run of 1889. On April 22, 1889, the Land Run saw the founding of Norman, with at least 150 residents spending the night in makeshift campsites. Two prominent Norman businessmen, former Purcell railroad freight agent Delbert Larsh and railroad station chief cashier Thomas Waggoner, began lobbying for the territorial government to locate its first university in Norman; the two were interested in growing the city and had reasoned that, rather than try to influence legislatures to locate the contested territory capital in Norman, it made sense to attempt to secure the state's first university instead.
On December 19, 1890, Larsh and Waggoner were successful with the passage of Council Bill 114, establishing the University of Oklahoma in Norman 18 years before Oklahoma statehood. The City of Norman was formally incorporated on May 13, 1891. By the 1890s, Norman had become a sundown town. African Americans were not allowed to live within the city limits or stay overnight until the early 1960s; the city has continued to grow throughout the decades. By 1902 the downtown district contained two banks, two hotels, a flour mill, other businesses; the rail lines transitioned to freight during the 1940s as the United States Numbered Highway system developed. The city population reached 11,429 in 1940. In 1941, the University of Oklahoma and Norman city officials established Max Westheimer Field, a university airstrip, leased it to the U. S. Navy as a Naval Flight Training Center in 1942; the training center was used for training combat pilots during World War II. A second training center, known as Naval Air Technical Training Center, a naval hospital were established to the south.
In the years following World War II the airstrip was transferred back to the university's control. Today the airstrip is called the University of Oklahoma Westheimer Airport. Following the war the remaining military presence and post-war veterans who came to Norman to get an education again grew the city's population, 27,006 by 1950; the Navy again utilized the bases in a lesser capacity from 1952 to 1959 in support of the Korean War effort. With the completion of Interstate 35 in June 1959, Norman found its role as a bedroom community to Oklahoma City increasing rapidly. Throughout the 1960s Norman's land mass increased
Bishop McGuinness Catholic High School (Oklahoma)
Bishop McGuinness Catholic High School is a college-preparatory secondary school located in Oklahoma City, United States. It has an enrollment of 720 students in grades 9 through 12, is co-educational, serves as part of the Archdiocese of Oklahoma City in the Roman Catholic Church; the school was founded in 1950 by the archdiocese as “Central Catholic High School.” Despite the name, the school at that time was on the northern fringe of Oklahoma City. The name "Central" referred to the fact that the school was founded as a replacement for multiple small parish-based parochial high schools that had become outdated by the 1950s; as a result, then-bishop Eugene J. McGuinness ordered parochial high schools in the Oklahoma City area closed and consolidated into the new school; the school colors were adopted in 1951, with the school mascot and the nickname following in 1955. In 1959, the school was renamed in honor of McGuinness, who had died in 1957. In 1960, the school received full accreditation from the North Central Association of Colleges and Schools and the Oklahoma Department of Education.
The school is affiliated with the National Catholic Educational Association, the College Board, the National Association of Secondary School Principals. The Class of 1962 provided the school with its primary tradition when it donated a rendition of the "Clancy" mascot on the tile floor of the school. From 1962 to the school's renovation in 2006, the tradition dictated that each year's senior class protect the image from being trod upon by any student. After the renovation, the tile image was moved to a special display. Feeder schools serving students through the eighth grade supply students to McGuinness from around the Oklahoma City area. Recognized feeder schools for athletics eligibility purposes include twelve Catholic grade schools in the region as well as two non-Catholic schools near the McGuinness campus: All Saints Catholic School in Norman, Oklahoma Bishop John Carroll Catholic School in Oklahoma City Christ the King Catholic School in Nichols Hills, Oklahoma Rosary Catholic School in Oklahoma City Sacred Heart Catholic School in Oklahoma City Sacred Heart Catholic School in El Reno, Oklahoma St. Charles Borromeo Catholic School in Warr Acres, Oklahoma St. Elizabeth Ann Seton Catholic School in Edmond, Oklahoma St. Eugene Catholic School in Oklahoma City St. James Catholic School in Oklahoma City St. John Nepomuk Catholic School in Yukon, Oklahoma St. Phillip Neri Catholic School in Midwest City, Oklahoma Westminster School in Oklahoma City St. John's Episcopal School in Oklahoma CityOther schools providing students include St. Mary's Catholic School in Guthrie, Holy Trinity Catholic School in Okarche, Saints Peter and Paul Catholic School in Kingfisher, as well as a number of charter and public schools in the area.
The school’s campus has been located at the intersection of 50th Street and Western Avenue in Oklahoma City since its founding. The main academic building was completed in 1950, with a gymnasium and football stadium following in 1951. Improvements since that time have included the creation of a track and field complex in 1987, a new theology and art center wing in 1991, the father Pier Giorgio Frassati Chapel in 1998, the renovation of the main auditorium into the Father John Petuskey Performing Arts Auditorium in 2002. In 2006, after a three-year, $9.5 million capital campaign, the school opened the David L. Morton Educational Facility, named after the current Principal, a building which replaced the prior main academic building; the facility includes new classrooms, offices, a student commons area, a new academic information center named in honor of Father Stanley Rother. In 2008 the school opened the refurbished McCarthy Gymnasium, including updated facilities for the basketball and volleyball programs.
That year, the school unveiled a refurbishment of its football complex, including new weight training facilities, football offices, a new facade to Pribil Stadium. In 2012, the School added on an addition to their Senior Hall; this new Lecture hall includes 5 new classrooms now known as the Math Wing of the school. The Lecture Hall provides students with larger class sizes to allow students to experience a college setting; the school is one of the more rigorous college-preparatory schools in Oklahoma. Ninety-nine percent of its student body goes on to college, the school has generated 21 National Merit Scholar Semifinalists or Finalists in the last 5 years; as of 2018, the school offers Advanced Placement courses in 21 subject areas. In 2004, McGuinness was recognized in the first annual Catholic High School Honor Roll as one of the Top 50 Catholic High Schools in the United States. In that year, the school was noted as a Top-20 school in the subcategory of "Civic Education." This Top-50 distinction was repeated in 2005, 2006, again in 2007.
In 2010, the school received Honorable Mention as one of six schools in the "Academics" subcategory. Extra-curricular academic opportunities include a student newspaper, the Chi Rhoan, which publishes every other month and received the “All Oklahoma Award” at Oklahoma Scholastic Media’s 93rd annual competition in 2009, in addition to other more recent awards; the school's Academic Team won the Class 3A State Championship in the Academic Bowl in both 1999 and 2000, a competition administered by the OSSAA. Athletics have been a part of McGuinness's tradition since its inception. After competing in Catholic school leagues within the state, McGuinness was first accepted to the major state athletic regula
Chickasha is a city in and the county seat of Grady County, United States. The population was 16,036 at the 2010 census. Chickasha is home to the University of Arts of Oklahoma; the city is named for and connected to Native American heritage, as "Chickasha" is the Choctaw word for Chickasaw. Chickasha was founded by Hobart Johnstone Whitley, a land developer, banker and Rock Island Railroad executive; the founding took place in 1892 when the Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific Railway built a track through Indian Territory. A post office was established in June 1892. One of the earliest industrial plants to come to Chickasha was the Chickasha Cotton Oil Company, established in 1899; the town incorporated in 1902. In 1908, the Oklahoma Industrial Institute and College for Girls was established in Chickasha. A local rancher named J. B. Sparks donated land for the school in memory of Nellie; the girl was a Chickasaw descendent, the land had been part of her allotment. The Nellie Sparks Dormitory commemorated her.
The school was renamed as the Oklahoma College for Women in 1916. It became coeducational in 1965, was renamed the Oklahoma College of Liberal Arts, it was renamed again in 1975 as the University of Arts of Oklahoma. The Wilson and Bonfis Flying School opened in October 1941 to train cadets of the U. S. Army Air Force. Over eight thousand cadets completed training there during World War II. After the war, the facility became the Chickasha Municipal Airport. During the war, the army built and used Borden General Hospital; this site now contains Grady Memorial Hospital, Five Oaks Medical Group, Southern Plains Medical Center and Borden Park. A prisoner of war camp established in 1944 is now the site of the Grady County Fairgrounds. Chickasha is located west of the center of Grady County at 35°2′18″N 97°56′46″W; the city is 42 miles southwest of Oklahoma City, accessible via Interstate 44. I-44 passes through the southeast side of the city, with access from Exits 80 and 83, leads southwest 47 miles to Lawton.
U. S. Route 62 runs through the city as Choctaw Avenue, leading east and northeast 18 miles to Blanchard and west 18 miles to Anadarko. U. S. Route 81 passes through the city center, leading south 40 miles to Duncan and north 35 miles to El Reno. U. S. Route 277 enters Chickasha from the south with US 81 and leaves to the east with US 62. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 22.1 square miles, of which 0.04 square miles, or 0.22%, is water. The Washita River flows through the northern end of the city turns south and forms part of the city's eastern border; as of the 2010 Census, there were 16,036 people, 6,374 households, 3,898 families residing in the city. From 2000 to 2010, the Chickasha city population growth percentage was 1.2%. There were 7,380 housing units; the racial makeup of the city was 80.0% White, 7.1% African American, 4.8% Native American, 0.5% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 2.1% from other races, 5.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.5% of the population.
Of the 6,434 households, 27.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.5% were married couples living together, 14.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 38.8% were non-families. 32.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.6% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.95. The population included 22.8% under the age of 18, 12.4% from 18 to 24, 24.9% from 25 to 44, 24.6% from 45 to 64, 15.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 91.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.3 males. According to the 2009-2013 American Community Survey, the median income for a household in the city was $38,341, the median income for a family was $44,547. Males had a median income of $38,987 versus $27,357 for females; the per capita income for the city was $20,848. About 12.9% of families and 17.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.0% of those under age 18 and 10.8% of those age 65 or over.
Chickasha has an elected city council, with a city manager on its staff. Agriculture wheat production, cattle raising have been important to the city's economy since its earliest days. Manufacturing became important about the middle of the 20th century. ArvinMeritor Replacement Parts and Delta Faucet opened facilities in the 1970s; the city's annual Festival of Light takes place at the 43-acre Shannon Springs Park and opens nightly from around Thanksgiving to the end of December. Concessions, carriage rides, pictures with Santa, shopping are available; the Festival of Light has received many prestigious awards over the years including Regional Event of the Year, A. B. A. Top 100 Event, National Top 25 Holiday Event, Festival of the Year, Best Community Festival Event and Best Place to Take Out of Town Visitors; the festival has been featured statewide on Discover Oklahoma, ranked as a Top Place to Visit by Fine Living Network, designated as an official 2007 Oklahoma Centennial Event. Over 140 businesses and clubs sponsor the event in various ways.
The installation of lights in 290 trees, 8 miles of walk-ways, arbors and buildings begins in September. More than 1,200 volunteers donate time and skill, now Display Sponsors have reached the 100 mark; the park has over 3.5 million lights, the
The University School (Tulsa, Oklahoma)
The University School is a school in Tulsa, Oklahoma, founded in the spring of 1982 on the University of Tulsa campus