2019 Southeast Asian Games
The 2019 Southeast Asian Games known as the 30th Southeast Asian Games or 2019 SEA Games and known as Philippines 2019 will be the 30th edition of the Southeast Asian Games, a biennial regional multi-sport event which will be hosted by the Philippines from 30 November to 10 December 2019. For this edition of the Games, four designated hubs will serve as hosts namely Manila, Subic, BLT; this will be the fourth time that the Philippines will host the games and its first time since 2005. It had hosted the 1981 and 1991 editions of the games; this edition is most notable for being the first edition to include e-sports and obstacle course as well as having the highest number of sports in the history of the games, at 59. The hosting rights were awarded to Brunei Darussalam, but the country pulled out days before the 2015 Southeast Asian Games due to "financial and logistical reasons."The Philippines was set to host the games, after Brunei's withdrawal. However, the Philippines' hosting was left uncertain following the withdrawal of government support on July 2017 as it plans to use the funds intended for the games on the rehabilitation of Marawi after being occupied by ISIS supporters.
Thailand, Indonesia was willing to step in. The Philippines reversed its withdrawal of support and announced that it accepted the hosting of the Games on 16 August 2017; the country's hosting of the 30th SEA Games is considered as a stepping stone for its possible bid to host the 2030 Asian Games. As per SEA Games traditions, hosting duties are rotated among the SEA Games Federation member countries; each country may choose to do so or not. BruneiOn 18 July 2012, during a meeting in Myanmar, Brunei was selected to host the 30th Southeast Asian Games. Brunei's previous and only hosting of the tournament was the 1999 edition in which they placed seventh overall; the country was slated to host the 2017 edition but the Sultanate wanted to host these Games instead of the former. Brunei planned to upgrade its sports facilities and build a new national stadium in Salambigar to accommodate the Games. However, on 4 June 2015, Brunei withdrew its hosting rights at the meeting in Singapore. After the said country's Ministry of Culture and Sports had failed to give support for the said Games.
The withdrawal of Brunei's hosting rights were due to the country's lack of sporting facilities and preparation of their athletes. Philippines With Brunei's withdrawal, the Philippines had expressed its interest to host the Games Vietnam, the 2021 Southeast Asian Games host, was offered to host this edition, but declined. On 10 July 2015, the Philippine Olympic Committee announced that the Philippines will be hosting the Games. Davao City and Manila were touted as the top candidates for the main host city of the Games. Cebu City and Albay expressed interest in hosting some events. On 21 July 2017, The Philippine Sports Commission addressed the POC that it is withdrawing its support for the Philippine hosting of the 2019 Games, saying that government decided to reallocate funds meant for hosting to the rehabilitation efforts of Marawi, left devastated following the Battle of Marawi and it was reported that the POC's insistence on handling all matters of the hosting. However, on August 16, the Philippines, through the then-POC president Peping Cojuangco, confirmed that the country will be hosting the 2019 SEA Games, after Cojuangco wrote to President Rodrigo Duterte and appealed for reconsideration.
Cojuangco has stated that the Games would be held in the Central Luzon area in the provinces of Bulacan and Zambales. He added that the Philippine Arena in the municipality of Bocaue in Bulacan province would "most likely" be used in the Games. In January 2018, during the groundbreaking of the Philippine Sports City, it was announced that the organizers will attempt to hold all events of the games outside of Manila with New Clark City in Capas, Tarlac and Bulacan as main host localities. During the closing ceremony of the 2017 SEA Games in Kuala Lumpur, the symbolic SEA Games Federation council flag was handed over by outgoing Malaysian Olympic Committee president HRH Tunku Tan Sri Imran to then-Philippine Olympic Committee president Jose "Peping" Cojuangco, who in turn passed the flag to then-Foreign Affairs Secretary Alan Peter Cayetano, who will be the Chairman of organizing committee for 2019 games. In contrast of other closing ceremonies held throughout the SEA Games, only a video promoting tourism in the Philippines was presented instead of a grand presentation for the next host country.
The reasons for this is that the Philippine Olympic Committee decided to call off the performance, said to be costly at PhP8 million. Another reason is to give focus on the celebration of the 60th anniversary of the establishment of the Federation of Malaya. Unlike the 2005 SEA Games, the 2019 SEA Games adopted a different organizing structure for the Philippine SEA Games Organizing Committee. According to Philippine Sports Commission chairman William Ramirez, it will be Alan Peter Cayetano, the organizing committee chairman, who will be on top of things this time and not the Philippine Olympic Committee president who did the job in 2005. Senator Juan Miguel Zubiri was the head of the organizing committee before he was replaced by Cayetano. At least three meetings will be held for the preparation of the games; the first meeting was held in Shangri-la at the Fort last 16 to 17 May 2018. Anoth
Face to Face (talk show)
Face to Face is a Philippine tabloid talk show aired on TV5 and hosted by Amy Perez. It is produced by TV5 Network Inc. and bills itself as a "Barangay hall on-air". The show aims to resolve minor conflicts between two arguing parties with the help of a panel of counselors that represent the legal and spiritual disciplines, it bears striking resemblance to the U. S. television show The Jerry Springer Show and the British talk show The Jeremy Kyle Show, but has a Filipino cultural perspective, predominantly with "marginalized and impoverished guests". The show is one of the most popular talk shows in the Philippines and has been labelled as the "Filipino version of Jerry Springer" but has proved to be controversial due to the violence exhibited in the show. Hence, the Movie and Television Review and Classification Board has requested that the show "tone down physical altercations between guests"; the program aims to make a televised Barangay Hall, a local mini-police station where people take arguments to be heard by Tanods.
It aims to give its audience lessons by showing the complainant's problems that the hosts and the counselors try to solve. Any citizen in the Philippines who can speak Tagalog can file any complaint about someone which will become the basis for an episode; the production crew goes over the records available and choose which cases to present on the show. They will interview the two parties and provide background about the problem. During the show, the host, Amy Perez, will talk to the complainant in-person to describe the problem; this is white side. The Sawsaweros and the Sawsaweras,may ask some questions or make statements, along with the persons involved. After a live interview with the complainant, the opponent is brought on stage and forms the Pula, or red side. Next there is a confrontation, which results in an argument or a fight on the stage; as the show progresses, both sides may add another person. Before the guest go on the stage, they undergo security inspection for the safety of both arguing parties.
At most key points in the show the host will ask the audience which side they are on, answered by the audience by raising signs with the colors for each side. The stage crew is always prepared for a fight and interdicted by two bouncers, designated B1 and B2 while a production crew and the security unit are the backup if more than two people are involved. In most cases the fight scenes are removed from the daytime version of the show, but left in the primetime edition, a 60-minute replay; the evening edition is always inspected by the MTRCB. Paramedics are available in case of serious injuries; the Trio Tagapayo can give tips and advice to prevent fights. This group is composed of a lawyer, a psychologist and a priest who give legal, spiritual advice to the two parties respectively; the show invites a guest expert as appropriate to the conflict involved. The show sometimes ends with statements from the involved parties that they are not yet ready to be friends again or resolve the problem. After giving the final resolution or not, the host pronounces her final thoughts on the issue.
The show conducts a follow-up to confirm if there is progress or not. In July 2012, host Amy Perez announced on the show that she is expecting and was planning to take a leave from the show for a whole year to focus on her child; that same episode, she introduced host/actress Gelli de Belen as her temporary substitute until April 11, 2013. Face to Face was developed into a new program, Face the People, which will premiere on October 14, 2013. Amy Perez was supposed to host the new show, along with Gelli de Belen. However, who resigned as host of Face to Face on July 19, 2013, declined to join the program. Tin-Tin Bersola-Babao was chosen to be co-host instead. Amy Perez titled as Tyang Amy Gelli de Belen titled as Ateng Gelli Untold Stories is a weekly docu-drama anthology on TV5 and is a spin-off of Face to Face; the show features stories featured on Face to Face and ran from September 9, 2010 until September 29, 2012. In reviewing the program STIR Editor in Chief Edgar O. Cruz said: "The back-of-the-mind thought is that joiners are acting since they are paid" and described portions as "not believable" and "not realistic".
He added "The show gains more credibility points by being more spontaneous." While some critics claim that the show is scripted, host Amy Perez, claims that it is not. List of programs aired by 5 Face to Face on Facebook
One News (Philippines)
One News is a 24-hour English-language news channel in the Philippines owned and operated by Cignal Digital TV, a digital cable TV service owned by Filipino businessman Manny V. Pangilinan; the news channel combines the news content of the different media companies under Pangilinan's Mediaquest Holdings, Inc. namely News5, The Philippine Star, BusinessWorld, Bloomberg TV Philippines. It has content from Probe Productions and PhilStar TV, the TV programming arm of The Philippine Star, it was launched on May 2018, on Channel 8 and Channel 250 on Cignal TV. One News is one of the first Cignal channels launched under the One branding, along with the sports channel One Sports and Filipino-language news channel One PH. One News' program lineup includes national newscasts, talk shows, business newscasts, public affairs shows. Several programs from Bloomberg Television, PBA Rush, Colours are aired on the channel. Live newscasts are available via livestream through their ONE News PH and News5 Facebook pages.
Some programs can be seen on free TV via 5 and internationally through Kapatid Channel. The Big Story One News Now One News Live Rush Hour BusinessWorld Live Agenda with Cito Beltran The Chiefs Face The Chiefs Bank On It Bright Ideas Convo with Cheche Lazaro Gear Up! Go Local Titans #RidePH with Jay Taruc 40 is the New 30 Basketball Almanac Basketball Science Create Discover Eats Hotline Philippines MomBiz The Philippine Star's Let's Eat The Philippine Star's Modern Living The Philippine Star's Wheels Shotlist Game Changers Hello World Ed Lingao Roby Alampay Amy Pamintuan Luchi Cruz-Valdes Cito Beltran Cheche Lazaro Jove Francisco Charles Lejano Shawn Yao Danie Laurel Chiqui Vergel Jamie Herrell Mike Toledo Carlo Ople RJ Ledesma Lourd de Veyra MJ Marfori Shyla Francisco Bim Santos Jes delos Santos Rizza Diaz Paolo del Rosario 5 AksyonTV News5 One PH Bloomberg TV Philippines ABS-CBN News Channel CNN Philippines Global News Network
The Flash (season 3)
The third season of the American television series The Flash, based on the DC Comics character Barry Allen / Flash, a costumed superhero crime-fighter with the power to move at superhuman speeds, follows Barry, a crime scene investigator who gains super-human speed, which he uses to fight criminals, including others who have gained superhuman abilities. It is set in the Arrowverse, sharing continuity with the other television series of the universe, is a spin-off of Arrow; the season was produced by Warner Bros.. Television, DC Entertainment, with Andrew Kreisberg and Todd Helbing serving as showrunners; the season was ordered in March 2016, production began that July, lasting until April 2017. Alongside Grant Gustin, who reprises his role as Barry Allen, principal cast members Candice Patton, Danielle Panabaker, Carlos Valdes, Tom Cavanagh, Jesse L. Martin, Keiynan Lonsdale return from the second season; the first episode of the season premiered on The CW on October 4, 2016 and was watched by 3.17 million people, with the season consisting of 23 episodes.
The series was renewed for a fourth season on January 8, 2017. In March 2016, The CW president Mark Pedowitz announced that The Flash was renewed for a third season, reported to be given a 22-episode order. However, writer Brian Ford Sullivan clarified that August. Andrew Kreisberg and Todd Helbing served as the season's showrunners, while Zack Stentz, who wrote the season 2 episode "The Runaway Dinosaur", joined as consulting producer, he announced his exit from the series on February 1, 2017, Aaron Helbing left in May 2017. In June 2016, Grant Gustin confirmed that the season premiere would be titled "Flashpoint" and adapt elements from the comics storyline of the same name which showed Barry Allen traveling back in time to save his mother from being murdered, creating a new timeline in the process, though he noted that "We're doing this thing our own way…; this will be its own thing." Gustin revealed that the "Flashpoint" timeline of the series would not last for all of the third season, but that there would be "permanent ramifications".
Main cast members Grant Gustin, Candice Patton, Danielle Panabaker, Carlos Valdes, Jesse L. Martin, Keiynan Lonsdale returned from previous seasons as Barry Allen / The Flash, Iris West, Caitlin Snow, Cisco Ramon, Joe West, Wally West, respectively. Gustin portrayed Savitar, the season's Big Bad. Tom Cavanagh returned as a regular, portraying the Harrison Wells of Earth-19 who goes by "H. R", he portrayed, in a less prominent capacity, "Harry" Wells of Earth-2, several parallel universe versions of Wells as cameos: a hillbilly from an unspecified Earth, the Wells of Earth-17, a French-speaking mime artist from another Earth. Tom Felton joined the cast as Julian Albert, a fellow crime-scene investigator at the Central City Police Department; the character was known as Julian Dorn, serves as the series' version of Doctor Alchemy. Rick Cosnett, who played Eddie Thawne as a regular during season 1, was confirmed to make a guest appearance in the second part of the season, with no additional details given about his return.
He was revealed to be playing the Speed Force's manifestation of Eddie. Production for the season began on July 2016 in Vancouver; the episode "The Once and Future Flash" marked Tom Cavanagh's return to directing after a decade. Production concluded on April 22, 2017. Practical effects and costume for Savitar were created by Legacy Effects. Kreisberg noted, "The suit's body lights were all practical, which I think was one of the hardest parts of the process. One light would go out and... Oh God, we'd be screwed!" The Killer Frost costume seen in the third season differs from that seen in season two. The season introduces Wally West as Kid Flash, the costume was designed to look as in the comics; the Flash costume of the Barry Allen from 2024 was designed to look more sleek and form fitting than the present Barry's costume, additionally features a more prominent yellow belt. All music composed by Blake Neely. During the third season, The Flash was a part of the "Invasion!" crossover event with Arrow and Legends of Tomorrow.
The event saw Melissa Benoist reprising her role as Kara Danvers / Supergirl from Supergirl. Andrea Brooks, who plays Eve Teschmacher on Supergirl reprised her role in the episode "Dead or Alive"; the Supergirl episode "Star-Crossed" ends with Music Meister hypnotizing Kara on Earth-38 and fleeing to Earth-1 to do the same to Barry, thus initiating the events of The Flash season 3 episode "Duet". Benoist returned as Kara, as did Supergirl regulars Chris Wood, David Harewood and Jeremy Jordan, along with Legends of Tomorrow regular Victor Garber and former Arrow regular John Barrowman; the season began airing on October 4, 2016, on The CW in the United States, on CTV in Canada, before moving to CTV Two on February 28, 2017. The season ended on May 23, 2017. In July 2016, members of the cast as well as executive producers Todd Helbing and Aaron Helbing attended San Diego Comic-Con to promote the season, where the first trailer for the season was released; the trailer showed first footage of Lonsdale as Kid Flash, The Rival, Doctor Alchemy.
A teaser promo titled "Time Strikes Back" was released on August 23, 2016, featuring John Wesley Shipp as Jay Garrick talking to Barry. The official poster for the season was released on September 20, 2016 starring Grant Gustin as Barry Allen sporting The Flash's iconic bright red
Kidlat is a 2013 weekly Philippine television drama that broadcast on TV5. It stars Gene Castro. Voltaire was the son of Mario. At a young age, he and his mother were assailed by a "perfect storm" where lightning'struck' Voltaire, but left him unharmed, he discovered he had power afterwards but he kept it from his mother. As he grew, he felt alone because of his secret. Follow the life of Voltaire, an ordinary person, who acquired a strange power after being hit by lightning from the "perfect storm". Witness the journey of Voltaire as he learns to control and use his power to protect his family and his community from dangerous opponents. Derek Ramsay stars in this thrilling saga of resurrection as Kidlat. Derek Ramsay as Voltaire Megaton / Kidlat Ritz Azul as Josephine "Joey" Palomares Nadine Samonte as Lara Martinez Baron Geisler as Vincent Megaton Jr. / Diablo Wendell Ramos as Rodel / Graba Man Chanda Romero as Minerva Megaton Niña Jose as Xyra Ignacio Shaira Mae as Francine / Frosta Mark Neumann as Francis / Fuego Valerie Weigmann as Natasha Thorpe / Enigma Paolo Ballesteros as Walter / Warla Jay Manalo as Mario Palomares / Burak Nanette Inventor as Tita Sol Lianne Valentin as Cindy Lou Veloso as Miguel Erika Padilla as Chichi Joross Gamboa as Melvin Kokoy de Santos as Alvin Isabel Rivas as Dulce Andrea del Rosario as Priscilla Christopher Roxas as Anthony Arcel Zulueta as Zack Gene Castro as Batang Kidlat Maritoni Francisco as Batang Lara Christopher de Leon as Vincent Megaton Sr. Assunta de Rossi as young Dulce Spanky Manikan as Tata Domeng BJ Forbes as young Voltaire Sandy Talag as young Lara Eula Caballero as Cassandra Malaysia - Coming soon on TV9 Di Hatiku.
On December 17, 2012, TV5 unveils its Kidlat billboard on EDSA, but it caused heavy traffic at EDSA, due to Derek's appearance as Kidlat costume. On January 6, 2013, before Kidlat aired on primetime, TV5 previewed the series by airing its telemovie. List of programs broadcast by TV5 Official website Kidlat on Facebook Kidlat on Twitter
Philippine Basketball Association
The Philippine Basketball Association is a men's professional basketball league in the Philippines composed of twelve company-branded franchised teams. Founded in 1975, it is the first professional basketball league in Asia and is the second oldest continuously professional basketball league existing in the world after the NBA, established before the "open era" of basketball in 1990 where FIBA allowed longstanding domestic leagues, which had predated the PBA, to become professional; the league's regulations are a hybrid of rules from the NBA and FIBA. The league played its first game at the Araneta Coliseum in Quezon City on April 9, 1975, its main offices are located along Eulogio Rodriguez Jr. Avenue, Eastwood City, Quezon City; the Philippine Basketball Association was founded when nine teams left the now-defunct Manila Industrial and Commercial Athletic Association, controlled by the Basketball Association of the Philippines, the FIBA-recognized national association at the time. With the BAP controlling the MICAA, the league was de jure amateur, as players were only paid allowances.
This is much like what was done in other countries to circumvent the amateur requirement and to play in FIBA-sanctioned tournaments such as the Olympics. MICAA team owners were not pleased with how BAP led by Gonzalo "Lito" Puyat are taking away their players to join the national team without consulting them first; the teams that bolted away from the MICAA are the Carrier Weathermakers, Crispa Redmanizers, Mariwasa-Noritake Porcelainmakers, Presto Ice Cream, Royal Tru-Orange, Seven-Up Uncolas, Tanduay Distillery, Toyota Comets and the U/Tex Weavers. Leopoldo Prieto, the coach for the Philippines at the 1956 Melbourne Olympics, was appointed as the first commissioner and Emerson Coseteng of Mariwasa-Noritake was chosen as the first president of the league's Board of Governors; the first game of the league was held at the Araneta Coliseum on April 9, 1975, featuring Mariwasa-Noritake and Concepcion Carrier. The league's first 10 years was known for the intense rivalry of the Crispa Redmanizers and the Toyota Tamaraws, still considered as one of the greatest rivalries in league history.
Big names such as Robert Jaworski, Ramon Fernandez, Francis Arnaiz, Atoy Co, Bogs Adornado and Philip Cezar played for those squads before the two teams disbanded in 1983 and 1984 respectively. Following their disbandment, the league moved from the Araneta Coliseum to ULTRA in Pasig. There, the league continued to be popular, as several former Toyota and Crispa players suited up for different teams. During the mid to late 80s, Jaworski and Ginebra San Miguel became the league's most popular squad for their "never say die" attitude; the team had intense rivalries with the Tanduay Rhum Masters, led by Jaworski's ex-Toyota teammate-turned-rival Fernandez, the expansion Purefoods Corporation and younger players Alvin Patrimonio, Jerry Codiñera, Jojo Lastimosa and Fernandez. By the end of the 1980s, San Miguel Beer won numerous championships that included the 1989 Grand Slam, led by coach Norman Black and former national team stars Samboy Lim and Hector Calma. In 1989, FIBA voted to allow professionals to play in their sanctioned tournaments, hence the PBA's players are now able to represent the country internationally.
In 1990, the league sent its first all-professional squad to the Asian Games, earning a silver medal. The PBA would send three more all-pro squads to the event; the early 1990s saw Ginebra and Shell forming an intense rivalry that included Ginebra's walkout in 1990 finals against Shell and the team's dramatic comeback from a 3-1 deficit to beat Shell in the 1991 First Conference. Patrimonio, Allan Caidic, a host of others became the league's main attraction. By 1993, the league moved to the Cuneta Astrodome in Pasay and saw the Alaska Milkmen win the 1996 grand slam and nine titles in the decade. From 1999-2000, the PBA endured controversy. Several expatriate cagers arrived on the scene, their lineage was questionable and most of them were deported for falsifying documents. The arrival of dozens of these players was a counter to the fledgling Metropolitan Basketball Association, a regional-based professional league formed in 1998. After ABS-CBN's 2001 abandonment, the MBA would fold within a year.
Despite the MBA's disbandment and the arrival of those players to the PBA, attendance went sour for the PBA in 2002 and was worse the following year. In 2004, the league introduced drastic scheduling changes, when it decided to begin the season in October instead of January; the change in starting the season allowed the league to accommodate international tournaments held from June to September and it fit better with college hoops, the NCAA and the UAAP, whose seasons run from June to October. The league reduced the number of conferences from three to two, renaming the All-Filipino Cup as the Philippine Cup and introducing a new import laden tournament named as the Fiesta Conference. To accommodate these changes, a transitional tournament, the 2004 PBA Fiesta Conference was held from February to July, won by the Barangay Ginebra Kings; the league began to hold the annual All-Star weekend in the provinces, alternating from Luzon and Visayas/Mindanao provinces every year. The league regained some popularity by this year, thanks in large part to Barangay Ginebra's three PBA championships led by Eric Menk, Jayjay Helterbrand and Mark Caguioa.
Solid marketing and arrival of collegiate stars from the UAAP and the NCAA worked in the PBA's favor. By 2005, the league would take on the role of Philippine national representation under Chot Reyes, when FIBA lifted the suspension of the country f
The Philippines the Republic of the Philippines, is an archipelagic country in Southeast Asia. Situated in the western Pacific Ocean, it consists of about 7,641 islands that are categorized broadly under three main geographical divisions from north to south: Luzon and Mindanao; the capital city of the Philippines is Manila and the most populous city is Quezon City, both part of Metro Manila. Bounded by the South China Sea on the west, the Philippine Sea on the east and the Celebes Sea on the southwest, the Philippines shares maritime borders with Taiwan to the north, Vietnam to the west, Palau to the east, Malaysia and Indonesia to the south; the Philippines' location on the Pacific Ring of Fire and close to the equator makes the Philippines prone to earthquakes and typhoons, but endows it with abundant natural resources and some of the world's greatest biodiversity. The Philippines has an area of 300,000 km2, according to the Philippines Statistical Authority and the WorldBank and, as of 2015, had a population of at least 100 million.
As of January 2018, it is the eighth-most populated country in Asia and the 12th most populated country in the world. 10 million additional Filipinos lived overseas, comprising one of the world's largest diasporas. Multiple ethnicities and cultures are found throughout the islands. In prehistoric times, Negritos were some of the archipelago's earliest inhabitants, they were followed by successive waves of Austronesian peoples. Exchanges with Malay, Indian and Chinese nations occurred. Various competing maritime states were established under the rule of datus, rajahs and lakans; the arrival of Ferdinand Magellan, a Portuguese explorer leading a fleet for the Spanish, in Homonhon, Eastern Samar in 1521 marked the beginning of Hispanic colonization. In 1543, Spanish explorer Ruy López de Villalobos named the archipelago Las Islas Filipinas in honor of Philip II of Spain. With the arrival of Miguel López de Legazpi from Mexico City, in 1565, the first Hispanic settlement in the archipelago was established.
The Philippines became part of the Spanish Empire for more than 300 years. This resulted in Catholicism becoming the dominant religion. During this time, Manila became the western hub of the trans-Pacific trade connecting Asia with Acapulco in the Americas using Manila galleons; as the 19th century gave way to the 20th, the Philippine Revolution followed, which spawned the short-lived First Philippine Republic, followed by the bloody Philippine–American War. The war, as well as the ensuing cholera epidemic, resulted in the deaths of thousands of combatants as well as tens of thousands of civilians. Aside from the period of Japanese occupation, the United States retained sovereignty over the islands until after World War II, when the Philippines was recognized as an independent nation. Since the unitary sovereign state has had a tumultuous experience with democracy, which included the overthrow of a dictatorship by a non-violent revolution; the Philippines is a founding member of the United Nations, World Trade Organization, Association of Southeast Asian Nations, the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation forum, the East Asia Summit.
It hosts the headquarters of the Asian Development Bank. The Philippines is considered to be an emerging market and a newly industrialized country, which has an economy transitioning from being based on agriculture to one based more on services and manufacturing. Along with East Timor, the Philippines is one of Southeast Asia's predominantly Christian nations; the Philippines was named in honor of King Philip II of Spain. Spanish explorer Ruy López de Villalobos, during his expedition in 1542, named the islands of Leyte and Samar Felipinas after the then-Prince of Asturias; the name Las Islas Filipinas would be used to cover all the islands of the archipelago. Before that became commonplace, other names such as Islas del Poniente and Magellan's name for the islands San Lázaro were used by the Spanish to refer to the islands; the official name of the Philippines has changed several times in the course of its history. During the Philippine Revolution, the Malolos Congress proclaimed the establishment of the República Filipina or the Philippine Republic.
From the period of the Spanish–American War and the Philippine–American War until the Commonwealth period, American colonial authorities referred to the country as the Philippine Islands, a translation of the Spanish name. Since the end of World War II, the official name of the country has been the Republic of the Philippines. Philippines has gained currency as the common name since being the name used in Article VI of the 1898 Treaty of Paris, with or without the definite article. Discovery in 2018 of stone tools and fossils of butchered animal remains in Rizal, Kalinga has pushed back evidence of early hominins in the archipelago to as early as 709,000 years. However, the metatarsal of the Callao Man, reliably dated by uranium-series dating to 67,000 years ago remains the oldest human remnant found in the archipelago to date; this distinction belonged to the Tabon Man of Palawan, carbon-dated to around 26,500 years ago. Negritos were among the archipelago's earliest inhabitants, but their first settlement in the Philippines has not been reliably dated.
There are several opposing theories regarding the origins of ancient Filipinos. F. Landa Jocano theorizes. Wilhelm Solheim's Island Origin Theory postulates that the peopling of the archipelago transpired via trade networks originating in the Sundaland area around