Teen Mom: Young and Pregnant
Teen Mom: Young and Pregnant, is an American reality television series that premiered on March 12, 2018 on MTV. It is a spinoff of the Teen Mom franchise, which itself is a spinoff of MTV's 16 and Pregnant series. Teen Mom: Young + Pregnant is a docuseries similar to the original 16 and Pregnant format, it follows the lives of five teenagers, Jade Cline, Brianna Jaramillo, Ashley Jones, Kayla Sessler, Lexi Tatman, as they go through pregnancy and become young mothers. On June 27, 2018, the show's first season was extended to include a B season, that began airing on October 15 and concluded on December 17, 2018. On January 10, 2019, the series was renewed for a second season. On January 25, 2019, it was announced that Lexi was cut from the second season and is being replaced by a girl named Kaya from Virginia. Official Show Website
Cable television is a system of delivering television programming to consumers via radio frequency signals transmitted through coaxial cables, or in more recent systems, light pulses through fiber-optic cables. This contrasts with broadcast television, in which the television signal is transmitted over the air by radio waves and received by a television antenna attached to the television. FM radio programming, high-speed Internet, telephone services, similar non-television services may be provided through these cables. Analog television was standard in the 20th century, but since the 2000s, cable systems have been upgraded to digital cable operation. A "cable channel" is a television network available via cable television; when available through satellite television, including direct broadcast satellite providers such as DirecTV, Dish Network and Sky, as well as via IPTV providers such as Verizon FIOS and AT&T U-verse is referred to as a "satellite channel". Alternative terms include "non-broadcast channel" or "programming service", the latter being used in legal contexts.
Examples of cable/satellite channels/cable networks available in many countries are HBO, Cinemax, MTV, Cartoon Network, AXN, E!, FX, Discovery Channel, Canal+, Fox Sports, Disney Channel, Nickelodeon, CNN International, ESPN. The abbreviation CATV is used for cable television, it stood for Community Access Television or Community Antenna Television, from cable television's origins in 1948. In areas where over-the-air TV reception was limited by distance from transmitters or mountainous terrain, large "community antennas" were constructed, cable was run from them to individual homes; the origins of cable broadcasting for radio are older as radio programming was distributed by cable in some European cities as far back as 1924. To receive cable television at a given location, cable distribution lines must be available on the local utility poles or underground utility lines. Coaxial cable brings the signal to the customer's building through a service drop, an overhead or underground cable. If the subscriber's building does not have a cable service drop, the cable company will install one.
The standard cable used in the U. S. is RG-6, which has a 75 ohm impedance, connects with a type F connector. The cable company's portion of the wiring ends at a distribution box on the building exterior, built-in cable wiring in the walls distributes the signal to jacks in different rooms to which televisions are connected. Multiple cables to different rooms are split off the incoming cable with a small device called a splitter. There are two standards for cable television. All cable companies in the United States have switched to or are in the course of switching to digital cable television since it was first introduced in the late 1990s. Most cable companies require a set-top box or a slot on one's TV set for conditional access module cards to view their cable channels on newer televisions with digital cable QAM tuners, because most digital cable channels are now encrypted, or "scrambled", to reduce cable service theft. A cable from the jack in the wall is attached to the input of the box, an output cable from the box is attached to the television the RF-IN or composite input on older TVs.
Since the set-top box only decodes the single channel, being watched, each television in the house requires a separate box. Some unencrypted channels traditional over-the-air broadcast networks, can be displayed without a receiver box; the cable company will provide set top boxes based on the level of service a customer purchases, from basic set top boxes with a standard definition picture connected through the standard coaxial connection on the TV, to high-definition wireless DVR receivers connected via HDMI or component. Older analog television sets are "cable ready" and can receive the old analog cable without a set-top box. To receive digital cable channels on an analog television set unencrypted ones, requires a different type of box, a digital television adapter supplied by the cable company. A new distribution method that takes advantage of the low cost high quality DVB distribution to residential areas, uses TV gateways to convert the DVB-C, DVB-C2 stream to IP for distribution of TV over IP network in the home.
In the most common system, multiple television channels are distributed to subscriber residences through a coaxial cable, which comes from a trunkline supported on utility poles originating at the cable company's local distribution facility, called the "headend". Many channels can be transmitted through one coaxial cable by a technique called frequency division multiplexing. At the headend, each television channel is translated to a different frequency. By giving each channel a different frequency "slot" on the cable, the separate television signals do not interfere with each other. At an outdoor cable box on the subscriber's residence the company's service drop cable is connected to cables distributing the signal to different rooms in the building. At each television, the subscriber's television or a set-top box provided by the cable company translates the desired channel back to its original frequency, it is displayed onscreen. Due to widespread cable theft in earlier analog systems, the signals are encrypted on m
A Double Shot at Love
A Double Shot at Love is an American reality television dating game show that first aired weekly on MTV from December 9, 2008 to February 3, 2009. It is a spin-off of A Shot at Love with Tila Tequila. A reboot of the show which will be starring Vinny Guadagnino and DJ Pauly D of Jersey Shore fame is set to premiere in April 2019; the predecessor show was a bisexual-themed dating competition where 12 hetero males and 12 lesbian females live in a house with Rikki and Vikki and compete for their attention and affection. One of the contestants, Kandice Hutchinson, died in a car crash shortly after the end of production. Out of respect to her family, the producers edited Hutchinson's scenes to remove some of her more outrageous behavior; the second episode of the series was dedicated to her memory. On August 4, 2010, Vikki posted on her Myspace blog; the show's theme song is "Ooh Uh Huh", performed by Millionaires. In January 2019, MTV revived the show to now star Jersey Shore personalities Vinny Guadagnino and Pauly D.
The series premiered on April 11, 2019. Episode numbering as per the episode list on the website The contestant won with both twins, but chose Vikki; the contestant is female. The contestant is male; the contestant was eliminated. The contestant went on a group date; the contestant went on an individual date. The contestant went on a group date and an individual date; the contestant was eliminated. The contestant was eliminated outside of the elimination ceremony; the contestant was deemed the "MVP" by the twins. The call-out order is the order. In episode one, the eliminated contestants were asked to return their keys. Alphabetical order is used for the contestants. A Double Shot at Love Official Website A Double Shot at Love Trailer A Double Shot at Love on IMDb Double Shot at Love with DJ Pauly D and Vinny on IMDb The Ikki Twins official website
Music history, sometimes called historical musicology, is the diverse subfield of the broader discipline of musicology that studies music from a historical viewpoint. In theory, "music history" could refer to the study of the history of any genre of music. In practice, these research topics are categorized as part of ethnomusicology or cultural studies, whether or not they are ethnographically based; the terms "music history" and "historical musicology" refer to the history of the notated music of Western elites, sometimes called "art music". The methods of music history include source studies, philology, style criticism, musical analysis, iconography; the application of musical analysis to further these goals is a part of music history, though pure analysis or the development of new tools of music analysis is more to be seen in the field of music theory. Some of the intellectual products of music historians include editions of musical works, biography of composers and other musicians, studies of the relationship between words and music, the reflections upon the place of music in society.
Although most performers of classical and traditional instruments receive some instruction in music, art pop, or rock and roll history from teachers throughout their training, the majority of formal music history courses are offered at the college level. In Canada, some music students receive training prior to undergraduate studies because examinations in music history are required to complete Royal Conservatory certification at the Grade 9 level and higher Most medium and large institutions will offer both types of courses; the two types of courses will differ in length and depth. Both types of courses tend to emphasize a balance among the acquisition of musical repertory and analysis of these works and cultural details of music and musicians, writing about music through music criticism. More specialized seminars in music history tend to use a similar approach on a narrower subject while introducing more of the tools of research in music history; the range of possible topics is limitless. Some examples might be "Music during World War I," "Medieval and Renaissance instrumental music," "Music and Process," "Mozart's Don Giovanni."
The methods and tools of music history are nearly as many as its subjects and therefore make a strict categorization impossible. However, a few trends and approaches can be outlined here. Like in any other historical discipline, most research in music history can be divided into two categories: the establishing of factual and correct data and the interpretation of data. Most historical research does not fall into one category but rather employs a combination of methods from both categories, it should be noted that the act of establishing factual data can never be separate from the act of interpretation. Archival work may be conducted to find connections to music or musicians in a collection of documents of broader interests or to more systematically study a collection of documents related to a musician. In some cases, where records and letters have been digitized, archival work can be done online. One example of a composer for whom archival materials can be examined online is the Arnold Schoenberg Center.
Performance practice draws on many of the tools of historical musicology to answer the specific question of how music was performed in various places at various times in the past. Scholars investigate questions such as which instruments or voices were used to perform a given work, what tempos were used, how ornaments were used. Although performance practice was confined to early music from the Baroque era, since the 1990s, research in performance practice has examined other historical eras, such as how early Classical era piano concerti were performed, how the early history of recording affected the use of vibrato in classical music, or which instruments were used in Klezmer music. Biographical studies of composers can give a better sense of the chronology of compositions, influences on style and works, provide important background to the interpretation of works, thus biography can form one part of the larger study of the cultural significance, underlying program, or agenda of a work. Sociological studies focus on the function of music in society as well as its meaning for individuals and society as a whole.
Researchers emphasizing the social importance of music are sometimes called New musicologists. Semiotic studies are most conventionally the province of music analysts rather than historians. However, crucial to the practice of musical semiotics – the interpretation of meaning in a work or style – is its situation in a historical context; the interpretative work of scholars such as Kofi Agawu and Lawrence Kramer fall between the analytic and the music historical. The first studies of Western musical history date back to the middle of the 18th century. G. B. Martini published a three volume history titled Storia della musica (History of Mus
Siesta Key (TV series)
Siesta Key is an American reality television series created by Mark Ford and Warren Skeels. The series stars Alex Kompothecras, Brandon Gomes, Chloe Trautman, Garrett Miller, Juliette Porter, Kelsey Owens, Madisson Hausburg; the series premiered on MTV on July 31, 2017. On October 2, 2017, MTV ordered eight more episodes bringing the first season to a total of 18 episodes; the episodes premiered on January 15, 2018. On December 17, 2018 It was announced the show would be returning for a second season on January 22, 2019; the second season premiered with a two episode premiere on January 22, 2019. Alex Kompothecras Juliette Porter Brandon Gomes Madisson Hausburg Garrett Miller Kelsey Owens Chloe Trautman Pauly Apostolides aka Pauly Paul Canvas Brummel Cara Geswelli Jared Kelderman Paige Hausburg Tarik Jenkins Carson Wall Hannah Starr The series was controversial prior to airing, due to star Alex Kompothecras being a friend of four Florida men who engaged in a viral act of animal cruelty by dragging a live shark behind a boat.
Kompothecras was caught on camera shooting a shark, had uploaded racist posts to Instagram. Fellow reality tv stars, including Vanderpump Rules's Lala Kent and Jayde Nicole from The Hills both petitioned against the show; the premiere party was cancelled. Siesta Key on IMDb
Music is an art form and cultural activity whose medium is sound organized in time. General definitions of music include common elements such as pitch, rhythm and the sonic qualities of timbre and texture. Different styles or types of music may de-emphasize or omit some of these elements. Music is performed with a vast range of instruments and vocal techniques ranging from singing to rapping; the word derives from Greek μουσική. See glossary of musical terminology. In its most general form, the activities describing music as an art form or cultural activity include the creation of works of music, the criticism of music, the study of the history of music, the aesthetic examination of music. Ancient Greek and Indian philosophers defined music as tones ordered horizontally as melodies and vertically as harmonies. Common sayings such as "the harmony of the spheres" and "it is music to my ears" point to the notion that music is ordered and pleasant to listen to. However, 20th-century composer John Cage thought that any sound can be music, for example, "There is no noise, only sound."The creation, performance and the definition of music vary according to culture and social context.
Indeed, throughout history, some new forms or styles of music have been criticized as "not being music", including Beethoven's Grosse Fuge string quartet in 1825, early jazz in the beginning of the 1900s and hardcore punk in the 1980s. There are many types of music, including popular music, traditional music, art music, music written for religious ceremonies and work songs such as chanteys. Music ranges from organized compositions–such as Classical music symphonies from the 1700s and 1800s, through to spontaneously played improvisational music such as jazz, avant-garde styles of chance-based contemporary music from the 20th and 21st centuries. Music can be divided into genres and genres can be further divided into subgenres, although the dividing lines and relationships between music genres are subtle, sometimes open to personal interpretation, controversial. For example, it can be hard to draw the line between heavy metal. Within the arts, music may be classified as a fine art or as an auditory art.
Music may be played or sung and heard live at a rock concert or orchestra performance, heard live as part of a dramatic work, or it may be recorded and listened to on a radio, MP3 player, CD player, smartphone or as film score or TV show. In many cultures, music is an important part of people's way of life, as it plays a key role in religious rituals, rite of passage ceremonies, social activities and cultural activities ranging from amateur karaoke singing to playing in an amateur funk band or singing in a community choir. People may make music as a hobby, like a teen playing cello in a youth orchestra, or work as a professional musician or singer; the music industry includes the individuals who create new songs and musical pieces, individuals who perform music, individuals who record music, individuals who organize concert tours, individuals who sell recordings, sheet music, scores to customers. The word derives from Greek μουσική. In Greek mythology, the nine Muses were the goddesses who inspired literature and the arts and who were the source of the knowledge embodied in the poetry, song-lyrics, myths in the Greek culture.
According to the Online Etymological Dictionary, the term "music" is derived from "mid-13c. Musike, from Old French musique and directly from Latin musica "the art of music," including poetry." This is derived from the "... Greek mousike " of the Muses," from fem. of mousikos "pertaining to the Muses," from Mousa "Muse". Modern spelling from 1630s. In classical Greece, any art in which the Muses presided, but music and lyric poetry." Music is composed and performed for many purposes, ranging from aesthetic pleasure, religious or ceremonial purposes, or as an entertainment product for the marketplace. When music was only available through sheet music scores, such as during the Classical and Romantic eras, music lovers would buy the sheet music of their favourite pieces and songs so that they could perform them at home on the piano. With the advent of sound recording, records of popular songs, rather than sheet music became the dominant way that music lovers would enjoy their favourite songs. With the advent of home tape recorders in the 1980s and digital music in the 1990s, music lovers could make tapes or playlists of their favourite songs and take them with them on a portable cassette player or MP3 player.
Some music lovers create mix tapes of their favorite songs, which serve as a "self-portrait, a gesture of friendship, prescription for an ideal party... an environment consisting of what is most ardently loved."Amateur musicians can compose or perf