Christian Gottlieb Vilhelm Bissen was a Danish sculptor, son of Herman Wilhelm Bissen. He is mainly known for a number of statues around Copenhagen, including the statue of Absalon on Højbro Plads. He was a professor at the Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts with great influence on the generation of Danish sculptors. Vilhelm Bissen was born in 1830 as the son of Herman Wilhelm Bissen, upon his fathers death in 1868, he returned to Denmark to continue his workshop and complete his ongoing projects. These included most notably the statue of King Frederik VII for the plaza in front of Christiansborg Palace. He produced a number of animal sculptures of which the birds on the Stork Fountain on Amagertorv are the most famous. Bissen was trained in the Neoclassical tradition from Bertel Thorvaldsen but after a stay in Paris around 1880, with the equestrian statue of Absalon he turned to Neo-romanticism
Sir Thomas Brock KCB RA was an English sculptor, and medallist, whose works include the monument to Queen Victoria in front of Buckingham Palace. Brock was born in Worcester, attended the School of Design there, in 1866 he became a pupil of the sculptor John Henry Foley. After Foleys death in 1874, Brock finished some of his commissions and it was his completion of Foleys statue of Prince Albert for the Albert Memorial which first brought Brock to prominence. His group The Moment of Peril was followed by The Genius of Poetry, at the Carlsberg Brewery in Copenhagen and other imaginative works that mark his development. According to legend, at the unveiling of the memorial in May 1911, George V was so moved by the excellence of the memorial that he called for a sword, Brock was elected an associate of the Royal Academy in 1883 and full member in 1891. He married in 1869, and had eight children, statue of Richard Baxter, 17th century English Puritan church leader and divine scholar. Originally in the Bull Ring, Kidderminster but moved to its present site, the Black Prince, Leeds City Square,1901.
Equestrian bronze A Moment of Peril now in the collection of Tate Britain, statue of Robert Raikes, Victoria Embankment Garden, London. Statue of Sir Rowland Hill, inventor of the Penny Black and bas-relief on the Sir Henry Bartle Frere Memorial, Whitehall Gardens, London. Monument to Henry Philpott, Bishop of Worcester, Design of Queen Victorias veiled or widowed head on British coinage and medals. Statue of Sir John Everett Millais, outside Tate Britain, represented standing holding a palette and a paintbrush. Originally erected on the east side of the gallery in 1905, statue of Queen Victoria, India,1906 Victoria Memorial, unveiled 1911, completed 1924 Equestrian statue of Edward VII, Macquarie Street, Sydney. Brock was chosen for the commission in 1915, but the work was not finished and delivered until 1921, unveiled in New Delhi, India,1922, it was removed in 1967, sold in 1968 and re-erected in Queens Park in Toronto, Canada in 1969. Bust of Henry W. Longfellow, Grand Pre, Nova Scotia, statue of Queen Victoria on the grounds of the Belfast City Hall.
Memorial to the victims of the sinking of the RMS Titanic, statue of Sir Henry Irving on Charing Cross Road, London. Figures of Navigation and Gunnery at the Admiralty Arch, New Haven, Yale University Press,1983. Exhibition catalogue, The Fine Art Society,148 New Bond Street London Wl.30 September –30 October 1968, John, ed. Thomas Brock, forgotten sculptor of the Victoria Memorial. Body Doubles, Sculpture in Britain, 1877–1905, New Haven, Yale University Press,2004
Theobald Stein was a Danish sculptor. He was a professor at the Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts, among his most well-known works are the Niels Juel statue at Holmens Kanal and the Ludvig Holberg statue outside the Royal Danish Theatre, both in Copenhagen. Theobald Stein was born on 7 February 1829 in Copenhagen to Sophus August Vilhelm Stein and his younger brothers were the chemist Valdemar Stein and Harald Stein, Bishop of Funen from 1889 to 1899. At the same time he trained as a sculptor with Christian Christensen, the proceeds from his work and economic support from the Academy enabled him to spend four productive and successful years in Rome. His work from this period includes Neapolitean Fishing Boy, carrying a Pitcher which was rewarded with an Thorvaldsen Medall in 1860. A bronze cast of it was placed by Carl Jacobsens Albertina Trust in the no longer existing Aborreparken in Copenhagen but has been moved to Grønningen at Kastellet. In 1861, the year after his return to Copenhagen from Italy, Stein became a member of the Academy, in 1874 he became a titular professor and in 1881 he assumed the position of professor in sculpture at the Model School.
From 1883 to 1887 he served as Director of the Academy. F
Aksel Christian Henrik Hansen was a Danish sculptor, one of the most productive of his times. The son of a stonemason, Hansen was born in Odense in 1853, after an apprenticeship with his father, he studied architecture at the Danish Academy. While following the tradition of Herman Wilhelm Bissen, he was influenced by French Naturalism. This emerging trend can be seen in his masterpiece, Echo, in Copenhagens Rosenborg Castle Gardens and his statue of Uffe den Spage, outside the Østerbro Stadium, shows how the Nordic character is reflected in ancient legends. Among his best known works are the six giants in the guardroom at Christiansborg Palace and the equestrian statue of King Christian IX in Odenses Royal Gardens
Caroline Amalie of Augustenburg
Caroline Amalie of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg was queen consort of Denmark as the second spouse of King Christian VIII between 1839 and 1848. She was born in Copenhagen and lived there until 1807, when she moved with her family to Augustenborg and she was given a conventional education for an upper class female of her time. It was her mother who introduced her to the apparent to the Danish throne, the future Christian VIII. Reportedly, Caroline Amalie fell in love with Christian, who found her attractive, Christian had divorced his first spouse Charlotte Fredericka of Mecklenburg-Schwerin in 1810 on grounds of adultery. In 1814, he had just returned to Denmark after his abdication of the Norwegian throne, the same year and Caroline Amalie were engaged. The wedding took place in 1815, between 1816 and 1817, the couple lived in Odense, where Christian served as Governor of Fionia. Between 1818 and 1822, they undertook numerous trips through Europe together and they visited various resorts in an attempt to cure their inability to have issue.
Christian devoted himself to the sciences and geology in particular, while Christian became celebrated for his scientific interests, Caroline Amalie was a composer who wrote numerous piano pieces. The personal relationship between Caroline Amalie and Christian were described as harmonious and as an image of the ideal of marriage. Her acceptance of her spouses infidelity was regarded as something suitable and her amiable personality made her respected and well liked by the rest of the royal house, and she is described as a good stepmother of her stepson Frederick. In 1839, when King Frederick VI died, Caroline Amalie, as the wife of Christian VIII and she was considered instrumental in the pro-German party on the matter of the duchies of Schleswig-Holstein. Early on, Caroline Amalie was active within philanthropy and her charitable projects for poor orphans gave her the name The Poor Childrens Mother and The Royal Foster mother of the Little Ones. By doing so, women found a public and political role acceptable to combine with the popular 19th-century role of a Christian wife and her introduction of a new role model for women is considered to have had great impact on Danish society.
Caroline Amalie was a follower of the ideas of N. F. S. Grundtvig, whose movement she actively supported. In 1841, she founded an orphanage, Dronning Caroline Amalies Asylskole and she was not described as an intellectual herself, however she regarded it as a duty to introduce the representatives of art and literature at court and act as their supporter. It is not clear whether or not she ever exerted any influence in state affairs and this caused a difficult situation for Caroline Amalie, who was suspected for conspiring with her brothers against Danish interests, especially by the nationalistic liberals in Copenhagen. This made her unpopular and exposed to some hostility during the last years of Christians reign, Caroline Amalie became a widow in 1848 and survived her spouse for more than thirty years. She took up residence at Sorgenfri Castle north of Copenhagen, and she outlived her stepson by seventeen years
The term Danish Realm refers to the relationship between Denmark proper, the Faroe Islands and Greenland—three countries constituting the Kingdom of Denmark. The legal nature of the Kingdom of Denmark is fundamentally one of a sovereign state. The Faroe Islands and Greenland have been part of the Crown of Denmark since 1397 when the Kalmar Union was ratified, legal matters in The Danish Realm are subject to the Danish Constitution. Beginning in 1953, state law issues within The Danish Realm has been governed by The Unity of the Realm, a less formal name for The Unity of the Realm is the Commonwealth of the Realm. In 1978, The Unity of The Realm was for the first time referred to as rigsfællesskabet. The name caught on and since the 1990s, both The Unity of The Realm and The Danish Realm itself has increasingly been referred to as simply rigsfællesskabet in daily parlance. The Danish Constitution stipulates that the foreign and security interests for all parts of the Danish Realm are the responsibility of the Danish government, the Faroes received home rule in 1948 and Greenland did so in 1979.
In 2005, the Faroes received a self-government arrangement, and in 2009 Greenland received self rule, the Danish Realms unique state of internal affairs is acted out in the principle of The Unity of the Realm. This principle is derived from Article 1 of the Danish Constitution which specifies that constitutional law applies equally to all areas of the Danish Realm, the Constitutional Act specifies that sovereignty is to continue to be exclusively with the authorities of the Realm. The language of Denmark is Danish, and the Danish state authorities are based in Denmark, the Kingdom of Denmarks parliament, with its 179 members, is located in the capital, Copenhagen. Two of the members are elected in each of Greenland and the Faroe Islands. The Government ministries are located in Copenhagen, as is the highest court, in principle, the Danish Realm constitutes a unified sovereign state, with equal status between its constituent parts. Devolution differs from federalism in that the powers of the subnational authority ultimately reside in central government.
The Self-Government Arrangements devolves political competence and responsibility from the Danish political authorities to the Faroese, the Faroese and Greenlandic authorities administer the tasks taken over from the state, enact legislation in these specific fields and have the economic responsibility for solving these tasks. The Danish government provides a grant to the Faroese and the Greenlandic authorities to cover the costs of these devolved areas. The 1948 Home Rule Act of the Faroe Islands sets out the terms of Faroese home rule, the Act states. the Faroe Islands shall constitute a self-governing community within the State of Denmark. It establishes the government of the Faroe Islands and the Faroese parliament. The Faroe Islands were previously administered as a Danish county, the Home Rule Act abolished the post of Amtmand and these powers were expanded in a 2005 Act, which named the Faroese home government as an equal partner with the Danish government
Rosenborg Castle Gardens
Rosenborg Castle Gardens is the oldest and most visited park in central Copenhagen, Denmark. The park plays host to art exhibitions and other events such as concerts throughout the summer. A drawing by Otto Heider from 1649, the oldest dated garden plan from Denmark, the garden contained a pavilion, statues, a fountain and various other features. Its plants included mulberries, apples, pears, in the century, as fashions changed, the garden was redesigned. A garden plan from 1669 show a garden maze, a feature of the Baroque garden. It had a system of paths which led to a central space with an octagonal summerhouse in its centre. The 12-hectare park is bounded by the streets Gothersgade, Øster Voldgade, Sølvgade and Kronprinsessegade, Rosenborg Castle is located in the north-western section of the park and is surrounded by a moat on three sides. The two main entrance are the Kings Gate at the corner of Gothersgade and Kronprinsessegade, and the Queens Gate at the corner of Øster Voldgade and Sølvgade, there are four other entrances to the park.
The tree-lined avenues were planted as part of Kriegers Baroque garden, special sections include the PerennialsGarden in front of the wall along Sølvgade and the Rose Garden. Rosenborg Barracks is located on the corner of Gothersgade and Øster Voldgade and was originally a pavilion, in 1709 they were built together to form one large orangery complex and in 1743 it was redesigned into the Baroque style by Johan Cornelius Krieger. From 1885 to 1886 it was converted for use by the Royal Life Guard by Engineer Officer Ernst Peymann, in 1985 they moved to new premises at Høvelte between Allerød and Birkerød and since Rosenborg Barracks has only housed guards on duty at Copenhagen. The Commandants House is located just left of the entrance to Rosenborg Castle. It was built from 1760 to 1763 to designs by Jacob Fortling, today the building plays host to special exhibitions. The building is used as an exhibition space. It was built in 1688 and extended with a story in 1777. The gateway affords access to the park, the Gartners House is attached to Slotsforvalterboligen.
It was built around the same time The Hercules Pavilion stands at the end of Kavalergangen and it is flanked by two smaller niches with statues of Orpheus and Eurydice. The three statues were made by the Italian sculptor Giovanni Baratta and acquired by Frederik IV during his visit to Italy, along Kronprinsessegade and parts of Gothersgade, the park is enclosed by a wrought-iron grill incorporating 16 small pavilions, which opens to the street side
Jens Ferdinand Willumsen
Jens Ferdinand Willumsen was a Danish artist who was associated with the movements of Symbolism and Expressionism. Although he was Danish, Willumsen lived almost half of his life in France, besides painting, Willumsen had interests in sculpture, architecture and photography, and was an accomplished engraver. His sculpture The Great Relief was included in the 2006 Danish Culture Canon as one of Denmarks cultural masterpieces, Willumsen had associations with Skagen in the north of Jutland which he first visited in 1906. It was here that he carried out most of the work on his painting Badende børn på Skagen strand which he completed in 1909. The J. F. Willumsens Museum in Frederikssund exhibits many of his works, Willumsen was an influence for Kitty Lange Kielland, who attempted to simplify her art in order to follow his style. There are paintings by Willimsen in the collection of the ARoS Aarhus Kunstmuseum in Aarhus and he was awarded the Prince Eugen Medal in 1947
August Vilhelm Saabye, known as August Wilhelm Saabye, was a Danish sculptor. Saabye was born in Skivholme, Skivholme parish, the son of vicar Erhard Saabye and he studied at the Copenhagen Academy of Fine Arts and worked in Bissens studio, learning the neoclassical tradition of Thorvaldsen. He initially undertook art and design work, produced small bronzes and portrait busts, with elaborate detail, Saabye went to Rome via Paris in 1855, staying there until 1865, learning more about the sculptures of antiquity. Here he started producing larger statues and he was made a member of the Danish Academy of Fine Arts in 1871. His pupils included Anne Marie Carl-Nielsen who studied with him from 1882, a major breakthrough and international recognition came in 1883 with what art historian Georg Nordensvan describes as the elegant nude figure in marble of Susanna Before the Council. His most popular work is Hans Christian Andersen of 1887 in the Rosenborg Castle Gardens, in 1888 he was appointed Professor at the Art School for Women in Copenhagen.
August Saabye died on 12 November 1916 and is buried in Garnisons Cemetery, Saabye married Anna Pauline Hansen on 26 October 1858 in Rome. They had one son and entrepreneur Johannes Saabye, after his wifes death in Copenhagen, he married Hanne Louise Augusta Baroness Haxthausen on 29 September 1869, in Copenhagen. Danish sculpture Citations – books Web page August Saabye in Art Index Denmark, navigation in English, many details in Danish. The site is the register of artworks and artists in the collections of Danish state-owned and state-subsidised museums
Giovanni Baratta was an Italian sculptor of the Baroque period. Born in Carrara, but active in Florence and Livorno and he was a pupil of Giovanni Battista Foggini. He has sculptures in Church of S. Ferdinando in Livorno and he is the nephew of Francisco Baratta the elder, who worked in the studio of Bernini in Rome. Giovanni had two brothers who were sculptors, Francesco Baratta the Younger and Pietro. Two Early Documented Works by Francesco Baratta the Younger, Marilyn Dunn
Copenhagen, Danish, København, Hafnia) is the capital and most populous city of Denmark. Copenhagen has an population of 1,280,371. The Copenhagen metropolitan area has just over 2 million inhabitants, the city is situated on the eastern coast of the island of Zealand, another small portion of the city is located on Amager, and is separated from Malmö, Sweden, by the strait of Øresund. The Øresund Bridge connects the two cities by rail and road, originally a Viking fishing village founded in the 10th century, Copenhagen became the capital of Denmark in the early 15th century. Beginning in the 17th century it consolidated its position as a centre of power with its institutions, defences. After suffering from the effects of plague and fire in the 18th century and this included construction of the prestigious district of Frederiksstaden and founding of such cultural institutions as the Royal Theatre and the Royal Academy of Fine Arts. Later, following the Second World War, the Finger Plan fostered the development of housing, since the turn of the 21st century, Copenhagen has seen strong urban and cultural development, facilitated by investment in its institutions and infrastructure.
The city is the cultural and governmental centre of Denmark, Copenhagens economy has seen rapid developments in the service sector, especially through initiatives in information technology and clean technology. Since the completion of the Øresund Bridge, Copenhagen has become integrated with the Swedish province of Scania and its largest city, Malmö. With a number of connecting the various districts, the cityscape is characterized by parks, promenades. Copenhagen is home to the University of Copenhagen, the Technical University of Denmark, the University of Copenhagen, founded in 1479, is the oldest university in Denmark. Copenhagen is home to the FC København and Brøndby football clubs, the annual Copenhagen Marathon was established in 1980. Copenhagen is one of the most bicycle-friendly cities in the world, the Copenhagen Metro serves central Copenhagen while the Copenhagen S-train network connects central Copenhagen to its outlying boroughs. Serving roughly 2 million passengers a month, Copenhagen Airport, Kastrup, is the largest airport in the Nordic countries, the name of the city reflects its origin as a harbour and a place of commerce.
The original designation, from which the contemporary Danish name derives, was Køpmannæhafn, meaning merchants harbour, the literal English translation would be Chapmans haven. The English name for the city was adapted from its Low German name, the abbreviations Kbh. or Kbhvn are often used in Danish for København, and kbh. for københavnsk. The chemical element hafnium is named for Copenhagen, where it was discovered, the bacterium Hafnia is named after Copenhagen, Vagn Møller of the State Serum Institute in Copenhagen named it in 1954. Excavations in Pilestræde have led to the discovery of a well from the late 12th century, the remains of an ancient church, with graves dating to the 11th century, have been unearthed near where Strøget meets Rådhuspladsen