Leopoldo Fregoli was a stage star and Italian actor. Fregoli was thought to be the greatest, most versatile quick-change artist of his day, he was famous for his extraordinary ability in impersonations and his quickness in exchanging roles – so much so that while he was performing in London in the 1890s unkind rumours spread that there was more than one Fregoli. He quashed these rumours by inviting journalists and doubters backstage to see him at work: Fregoli had no secrets, he went to see the host of imitators he inspired and offered them advice about how to improve their performances. An amateur entertainer, he took his first steps to professionalism while serving in the Italian army in Abyssinia under General Baldissera in 1890. A troupe of theatrical performers the general hired to entertain his soldiers did not materialise. Fregoli was an immediate success. General Baldissera subsequently had Fregoli posted, not as a soldier but as a performer, to the theatre at Massowah, which he used to entertain soldiers.
Fregoli became the stage manager of the theatre and casino. After a year he returned to Italy and performed in Rome and Florence. In the audience at Florence was a government registry clerk, Ugo Biondi, so impressed with Fregoli's performance that he sought him out and asked for some lessons in how to follow in his footsteps. Fregoli generously complied and Biondi went on to be another great quick change artist – first claiming to be a pupil, but set up as the'original' Fregoli. From Italy Fregoli went to Brazil and the United States. While he was in Madrid he was watched in performance by Alfred Moul, the general manager of the Alhambra Theatre in London's Charing Cross Road. Moul wanted to be the first impresario in Britain to sign him up, he subsequently claimed that Fregoli were being paid £350 per week to perform at the Alhambra – a remarkable amount for the time. But this was nothing compared to; the Alhambra was scheduled to reopen early in March 1897 with the premiere of Sir Arthur Sullivan's new ballet "Victoria and Merrie England".
There were a few problems with this work and so it was thought that for a week or two, Leopoldo Fregoli could perform until Sir Arthur was satisfied his work was just right. Such was Fregoli's success that it was to be late in May of that year before the Sullivan piece was performed. Fregoli took London by storm, he did quick-fire performances, impersonating Wagner, Rossini and Paderewski one after another. He would exit stage left as a street musician and appear immediately stage right as a woman. Everybody - including the great actors and performers of the day, such as Dan Leno - wanted to see him, his run was extended and extended, as was the seating in the theatre; the general view of him was that, apart from his obvious abilities as a quick change artist he was - unlike his rivals - a consummate actor and a brilliant writer. He gave private performances for royalty and aristocrats, he inspired a host of imitators and female. Every theatre in London soon had its protean artist. There were spoofers and parodists: journalists claimed tipsy theatregoers were demanding their money back upon discovering that all the performers they had just witnessed were just one man.
While there is no doubt Fregoli enjoyed himself and his success, he seems to have been a modest man and he did not wish to carry on in London forever. Late in May 1898 he left for Argentina. Whether he did so is presently unclear. Several of his performances were filmed, his greatest success was in the Olympia Theatre in Paris. He continued to come back to Paris until 1910, he for many years toured Italy and South America. Rather in 1922, while performing in Niterói, a city across the bay, opposite Rio de Janeiro, he decided to quit the world of quick change, he returned to Italy and subsequently inspired Futurist theatre performers, but little information is available about him in English. He was the subject of another book; the poet Joan Brossa and the painter Antoni Tàpies made an artist's book relating to Fregoli. He is buried in Italy with the words "His last transformation" on his gravestone; the Fregoli delusion or Fregoli syndrome is a rare disorder in which a person holds a delusional belief that different people are in fact a single person who changes appearance or is in disguise.
The syndrome may be related to a brain lesion and is of a paranoid nature with the delusional person believing the person they believe to be in disguise is persecuting them. The Italian magician and Quick-change artist Arturo Brachetti is one of the more classic followers of Fregoli's style. In 1979 he was the first quick change performer in the world after Fregoli, he reinvented new tricks for changing. His extensive career covers a wide artistic range of versatility, magic, Chinese shadows, he is
Le Monde is a French daily afternoon newspaper founded by Hubert Beuve-Méry at the request of Charles de Gaulle on 19 December 1944, shortly after the Liberation of Paris, published continuously since its first edition. It is one of the most important and respected newspapers in the world. Le Monde is one of the French newspapers of record, counting Libération, Le Figaro, the main publication of La Vie-Le Monde Group, it reported an average circulation of 323,039 copies per issue in 2009, about 40,000 of which were sold abroad. It has had its own website since 19 December 1995, is the only French newspaper obtainable in non-French-speaking countries, it should not be confused with the monthly publication Le Monde diplomatique, of which Le Monde has 51% ownership, but, editorially independent. The paper's journalistic side has a collegial form of organization, in which most journalists are not only tenured, but financial stakeholders in the enterprise as well, participate in the elections of upper management and senior executives.
In the 1990s and 2000s, La Vie-Le Monde Group expanded under editor Jean-Marie Colombani with a number of acquisitions. However, its profitability was not sufficient to cover the large debt loads it took on to fund this expansion, it sought new investors in 2010 to keep the company out of bankruptcy. In June 2010, investors Matthieu Pigasse, Pierre Bergé, Xavier Niel acquired a controlling stake in the newspaper. In contrast to other world newspapers such as The New York Times, Le Monde was traditionally focused on offering analysis and opinion, as opposed to being a newspaper of record. Hence, it was considered less important for the paper to offer maximum coverage of the news than to offer thoughtful interpretation of current events. For instance, on the 10th anniversary of the sinking of the Rainbow Warrior, the newspaper directly implicated François Mitterrand, the French president at the time, in the operation. In recent years the paper has established a greater distinction between opinion.
Le Monde was founded in 1944 at the request of General Charles de Gaulle after the German army was driven from Paris during World War II, took over the headquarters and layout of Le Temps, the most important newspaper in France before but whose reputation had suffered during the Occupation. Beuve-Méry demanded total editorial independence as the condition for his taking on the project. In 1981 it backed the election of socialist François Mitterrand, in part on the grounds that the alternation of the political party in government would be beneficial to the democratic character of the state; the paper endorsed centre-right candidate Édouard Balladur in the 1995 presidential election, Ségolène Royal, the Socialist Party candidate, in the 2007 presidential election. According to the Mitrokhin Archive investigators, Le Monde was the KGB's key outlet for spreading anti-American and pro-Soviet disinformation to the French media; the archive identified two senior Le Monde journalists and several contributors who were used in the operations.
Michel Legris, a former journalist with the paper, wrote Le Monde tel qu'il est in 1976. According to him, the journal minimized the atrocities committed by the Cambodian Khmer Rouge. In their 2003 book titled La Face cachée du Monde, authors Pierre Péan and Philippe Cohen alleged that Colombani and then-editor Edwy Plenel had shown, amongst other things, partisan bias and had engaged in financial dealings that compromised the paper's independence, it accused the paper of dangerously damaging the authority of the French state by having revealed various political scandals. This book remains controversial, but attracted much attention and media coverage in France and around the world at the time of its publication. Following a lawsuit, the authors and the publisher agreed in 2004 not to proceed to any reprinting. Le Monde has been found guilty of defamation for saying that Spanish football club FC Barcelona was connected to a doctor involved in steroid use; the Spanish court fined the newspaper nearly $450,000.
In April 2016, a Le Monde reporter was denied a visa to visit Algeria as part of the French Prime Minister press convoy to Algeria. Le Monde had published names of Algerian officials directly involved with the Panama papers corruption scandal. Le Monde is published around midday, the date on the masthead is the following day's. For instance, the issue released at midday on 15 March shows 16 March on the masthead, it is available on newsstands in France on the day of release, received by mail subscribers on the masthead date. The Saturday issue is a double one, for Sunday, thus the latest edition can be found on newsstands from Monday to Friday included, while subscribers will receive it from Tuesday to Saturday included. In December 2006, on the 60th anniversary of its publishing début, Le Monde moved into new headquarters in Boulevard Auguste-Blanqui, 13th arrondissement of Paris; the building—formerly the headquarters of Air France—was refashioned by Bouygues from the designs of Christian de Portzamparc.
The building's façade has an enormous fresco adorned by doves flying towards Victor Hugo, symbolising freedom of the press. It will move into a new headquarters in the 13th arrondissement, around 2017
Elizabeth II is Queen of the United Kingdom and the other Commonwealth realms. Elizabeth was born in London as the first child of the Duke and Duchess of York King George VI and Queen Elizabeth, she was educated at home, her father acceded to the throne on the abdication of his brother King Edward VIII in 1936, from which time she was the heir presumptive. She began to undertake public duties during the Second World War, serving in the Auxiliary Territorial Service. In 1947, she married Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, a former prince of Greece and Denmark, with whom she has four children: Charles, Prince of Wales; when her father died in February 1952, she became head of the Commonwealth and queen regnant of seven independent Commonwealth countries: the United Kingdom, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa and Ceylon. She has reigned as a constitutional monarch through major political changes, such as devolution in the United Kingdom, Canadian patriation, the decolonisation of Africa. Between 1956 and 1992, the number of her realms varied as territories gained independence and realms, including South Africa and Ceylon, became republics.
Her many historic visits and meetings include a state visit to the Republic of Ireland and visits to or from five popes. Significant events have included her coronation in 1953 and the celebrations of her Silver and Diamond Jubilees in 1977, 2002, 2012 respectively. In 2017, she became the first British monarch to reach a Sapphire Jubilee, she is the longest-lived and longest-reigning British monarch as well as the world's longest-reigning queen regnant and female head of state, the oldest and longest-reigning current monarch and the longest-serving current head of state. Elizabeth has faced republican sentiments and press criticism of the royal family, in particular after the breakdown of her children's marriages, her annus horribilis in 1992 and the death in 1997 of her former daughter-in-law Diana, Princess of Wales. However, support for the monarchy has been and remains high, as does her personal popularity. Elizabeth was born at 02:40 on 21 April 1926, during the reign of her paternal grandfather, King George V.
Her father, the Duke of York, was the second son of the King. Her mother, the Duchess of York, was the youngest daughter of Scottish aristocrat the Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne, she was delivered by Caesarean section at her maternal grandfather's London house: 17 Bruton Street, Mayfair. She was baptised by the Anglican Archbishop of York, Cosmo Gordon Lang, in the private chapel of Buckingham Palace on 29 May, named Elizabeth after her mother, Alexandra after George V's mother, who had died six months earlier, Mary after her paternal grandmother. Called "Lilibet" by her close family, based on what she called herself at first, she was cherished by her grandfather George V, during his serious illness in 1929 her regular visits were credited in the popular press and by biographers with raising his spirits and aiding his recovery. Elizabeth's only sibling, Princess Margaret, was born in 1930; the two princesses were educated at home under the supervision of their mother and their governess, Marion Crawford.
Lessons concentrated on history, language and music. Crawford published a biography of Elizabeth and Margaret's childhood years entitled The Little Princesses in 1950, much to the dismay of the royal family; the book describes Elizabeth's love of horses and dogs, her orderliness, her attitude of responsibility. Others echoed such observations: Winston Churchill described Elizabeth when she was two as "a character, she has an air of authority and reflectiveness astonishing in an infant." Her cousin Margaret Rhodes described her as "a jolly little girl, but fundamentally sensible and well-behaved". During her grandfather's reign, Elizabeth was third in the line of succession to the throne, behind her uncle Edward and her father. Although her birth generated public interest, she was not expected to become queen, as Edward was still young. Many people believed he would have children of his own; when her grandfather died in 1936 and her uncle succeeded as Edward VIII, she became second-in-line to the throne, after her father.
That year, Edward abdicated, after his proposed marriage to divorced socialite Wallis Simpson provoked a constitutional crisis. Elizabeth's father became king, she became heir presumptive. If her parents had had a son, she would have lost her position as first-in-line, as her brother would have been heir apparent and above her in the line of succession. Elizabeth received private tuition in constitutional history from Henry Marten, Vice-Provost of Eton College, learned French from a succession of native-speaking governesses. A Girl Guides company, the 1st Buckingham Palace Company, was formed so she could socialise with girls her own age, she was enrolled as a Sea Ranger. In 1939, Elizabeth's parents toured the United States; as in 1927, when her parents had toured Australia and New Zealand, Elizabeth remained in Britain, since her father thought her too young to undertake public tours. Elizabeth "looked tearful", they corresponded and she and her parents made the first royal transatlantic telephone call on 18 May.
In September 1939, Britain entered the Second World War. Lord Hailsham suggested that the two princesses should be evacuated to Canada to avoid the frequent aerial bombing; this was rejected by Elizabeth's mother. I won't leave wit
Siegfried & Roy
Siegfried & Roy are a German-American duo of magicians and entertainers, who became known for their appearances with white lions and white tigers. From 1990, until Roy's career-ending tiger injury on October 3, 2003, the duo formed Siegfried & Roy at the Mirage Resort and Casino, regarded as the most visited show in Las Vegas, Nevada. From 2004 to 2005, Siegfried and Roy were executive producers of Father of the Pride. Siegfried Tyrone Fischbacher and Roy Horn were raised in Germany, they became naturalized citizens. Siegfried Fischbacher was born in Rosenheim, Germany on June 13, 1939, to Maria and Martin Fischbacher, his mother was a housewife and his father was a professional painter, imprisoned by the Soviets during World War II. Siegfried began practicing tricks. Siegfried moved to Italy in 1956, began working at a hotel, he found work performing magic on the ship the TS Bremen under the stage name Delmare. Siegfried and Roy met while Siegfried was performing aboard the ship, asked Roy to assist him during a show.
Siegfried and Roy were fired from the TS Bremen for bringing a live cheetah onto the ship, but were scouted by a New York-based cruise line, began performing together as a duo. Roy Horn was born Uwe Ludwig Horn on October 3, 1944, in Nordenham, in the midst of bomb attacks, to Johanna Horn, his biological father died in World War ll, his mother remarried after the war ended. Roy's mother remarried a construction worker, began work in a factory. Roy had three brothers: Manfred and Werner. Roy became interested in animals at a young age, cared for his childhood dog, named Hexe. Roy's mother's friend's husband, was founder of the Bremen zoo, which gave Roy access to exotic animals from the age of 10. Roy visited the United States when his ship wrecked and was towed to New York City, he returned home to Bremen before returning to the sea as a waiter, where he met Siegfried and launched his performance career. The owner of the Astoria Theatre in Bremen, Germany saw Siegfried and Roy's act aboard a Caribbean cruise ship and recruited the duo to perform at her nightclub.
This launched a career on the European nightclub circuit, the duo began to perform with tigers. They were discovered performing in Paris by Tony Azzie, who asked them to come to Las Vegas in 1967, they spent some time in Puerto Rico, may have purchased property there. In 1981, Ken Feld of Irvin & Kenneth Feld Productions started the Beyond Belief show with Siegfried & Roy at the New Frontier Hotel and Casino. A revamped version of the show was taken on a world tour in the third quarter of 1988. On October 3, 2003, during a show at the Mirage, Roy Horn was bitten on the neck and dragged by a seven-year-old male white tiger named Mantacore. Crew members separated Horn from the tiger and rushed him to the only Level I trauma center in Nevada, University Medical Center. Horn sustained severe blood loss. While being taken to the hospital, Horn said, "Mantacore is a great cat. Make sure no harm comes to Mantacore." Horn told People Magazine in 2004 that Mantacore "saved his life" by attempting to drag him to safety after he suffered a stroke.
The injury to Horn prompted the Mirage to close the show, 267 cast and crew members were laid off. By March 2006, Horn was talking and walking, with assistance from Fischbacher, appeared on Pat O'Brien's television news program The Insider to discuss his daily rehabilitation. In 2004, their act became the basis for the short lived television series Father of the Pride. Right before its release, the series was cancelled until Siegfried & Roy urged NBC to continue production after Roy's injury from October 2003 improved. In February 2009, the duo staged a final appearance with Mantacore as a benefit for the Lou Ruvo Brain Institute, their performance was recorded for broadcast on ABC television's 20/20 program. Mantacore died in March 2014 after a brief illness. On April 23, 2010, Siegfried & Roy retired from show business. "The last time we closed, we didn't have a lot of warning," said longtime manager Bernie Yuman. "This is farewell. This is the dot at the end of the sentence."In 2016, it was announced that Siegfried & Roy would be producing a biopic film, documenting their lives.
Bassie & Adriaan: De reis vol verrassingen Siegfried & Roy: Masters of the Impossible Vegas Vacation Siegfried & Roy: The Magic Box Ocean's Eleven Showboy Father of the Pride Official website Siegfried & Roy on IMDb Siegfried Fischbacher on IMDb Roy Horn on IMDb
Giorgio Napolitano, is an Italian politician who served as the 11th President of the Republic from 2006 to 2015, the only Italian President to be reelected to the Presidency. Due to his monarchical style and his dominant position in Italian politics, critics refer to him as Re Giorgio, he is the longest serving President in the history of the modern Italian Republic, in existence since 1946. Although the presidency is a nonpartisan office as guarantor of Italy's Constitution, Napolitano was a longtime member of the Italian Communist Party, he was a leading member of a modernizing faction on the right of the party. First elected to the Chamber of Deputies in 1953, he took an assiduous interest in parliamentary life and was President of the Chamber of Deputies from 1992 to 1994, he was Minister of the Interior from 1996 to 1998 under Romano Prodi. Napolitano was appointed a Senator for life in 2005 by President Carlo Azeglio Ciampi. In May 2006, he was elected by parliament as President of Italy.
During his first term of office, he oversaw governments both of the centre-left, led by Prodi, the centre-right, led by Silvio Berlusconi. In November 2011, Berlusconi resigned as Prime Minister amid economic problems. Napolitano, in keeping with his constitutional role asked former EU commissioner Mario Monti to form a cabinet, referred to as a "government of the president" by critics; when his seven-year presidential term expired in April 2013, Napolitano reluctantly agreed to stand again, becoming the first President of Italy to serve a second term, to safeguard the continuity of the country's institutions during the parliamentary deadlock that followed the 2013 general election. On being reelected as President with broad cross-party support in parliament, he overcame the impasse by inviting Enrico Letta to propose a government in the form of a grand coalition; when Letta handed in his resignation on 14 February 2014, Napolitano mandated Matteo Renzi to form a new government. After a record eight and a half years as president, Napolitano resigned at age 89 in January 2015.
He was accused by his critics of having transformed a ceremonial role into a political one, during the years of his tenure, the real kingmaker of the Italian politics. As of 2019, Napolitano is the only living former Italian President. Giorgio Napolitano was born in Naples, in 1925, his father, was a liberal lawyer and poet. From 1938 to 1941 he studied at the Classical Lyceum Umberto I of Naples, but in 1941 his family moved to Padova and he was graduated to the lyceum Titus Livius. In 1942, he matriculated at the University of Naples Federico II. During this period, Napolitano adhered to the local University Fascist Youth, where he met his core group of friends, who shared his opposition to Italian fascism; as he would state, the group "was in fact a true breeding ground of anti-fascist intellectual energies, disguised and to a certain extent tolerated". An enthusiast of the theatre since secondary school, during his university years he contributed a theatrical review to the IX Maggio weekly magazine and had small parts in plays organized by the Gioventù Universitaria Fascista itself.
He played in a comedy by Salvatore Di Giacomo at Teatro Mercadante in Naples. Napolitano dreamt of being an actor and spent his early years performing in several productions at the Teatro Mercadante. Napolitano has been cited as the author of a collection of sonnets in Neapolitan dialect published under a pseudonym, Tommaso Pignatelli, entitled Pe cupià ’o chiarfo, he denied this in 1997 and, again, on the occasion of his presidential election, when his staff described the attribution of authorship to Napolitano as a "journalistic myth". He published his first acknowledged book, entitled Movimento Operaio e Industria di Stato, in 1962. During the existence of the Italian Social Republic, a puppet state of Nazi Germany in the final period of World War II, Napolitano and his circle of friends took part in several actions of the Italian resistance movement against German and Italian fascist forces. In 1944, along with the group of Neapolitan Communists, as Mario Palermo and Maurizio Valenzi, Napolitano prepared the arrival in Naples of Palmiro Togliatti, the long-time leader of the Italian Communist Party, in exile since 1926 when the Communist Party of Italy was banned by the Italian Fascist government, Togliatti was one of few leaders not to be arrested, as he was attending a meeting of the Comintern in Moscow.
Following the end of the war in 1945, Napolitano joined the Communist Party and became its federal secretary for Naples and Caserta. In 1947, he graduated in jurisprudence with a final dissertation on political economy, entitled Il mancato sviluppo industriale del Mezzogiorno dopo l'unità e la legge speciale per Napoli del 1904, he became a member of the Secretariat of the Italian Economic Centre for Southern Italy in 1946, represented by Senator Paratore, where he remained for two years. Napolitano played a major role in the Movement for the Rebirth of Southern Italy for over ten years, he was first elected to the Chamber of Deputies in 1953 for the electoral district of Naples, was reelected in every election
Jeffery Deaver is an American mystery/crime writer. He has a bachelor of journalism degree from the University of Missouri and a J. D. degree from Fordham University and started working as a journalist. He practiced law before embarking on a career as a novelist, he has been awarded the Steel Dagger and Short Story Dagger from the British Crime Writers' Association and the Nero Wolfe Award, he is a three-time recipient of the Ellery Queen Reader's Award for Best Short Story of the Year and a winner of the British Thumping Good Read Award. His novels have appeared on bestseller lists around the world, including The New York Times, The Times, Italy's Corriere della Sera, The Sydney Morning Herald, The Los Angeles Times. Deaver was born outside Chicago in Illinois, his mother was an artist, his father an advertising writer. His sister Julie Deaver is an author of young adult novels; the book that inspired him to write was From Russia With Love, a James Bond novel by Ian Fleming. Deaver's most popular series features Lincoln Rhyme, a quadriplegic detective, NYPD Detective Amelia Sachs.
Deaver's 2001 book The Blue Nowhere features criminal hackers, as well as a law enforcement computer crime unit. In this book, Deaver gives credit to Lee de Forest, the inventor of the Audion, thus considered to have opened the world to electronic development. Deaver edited The Best American Mystery Stories 2009. Three of Deaver's novels have been produced into films: A Maiden's Grave made for TV as film Dead Silence 1997 The Bone Collector released 1999 The Devil's Teardrop made for TV 2010Deaver created the characters and—in a collaboration with 14 other noted writers—wrote the 17-part serial thriller The Chopin Manuscript narrated by Alfred Molina, broadcast on Audible.com from September 25 to November 13, 2007. It is available in print. Deaver was chosen to write a new James Bond novel: Carte Blanche is set in 2011 and was published on May 25, 2011, he is the second American author to write Bond novels, after Raymond Benson. Mistress of Justice The Lesson of Her Death Praying for Sleep A Maiden's Grave The Devil's Teardrop Speaking in Tongues The Blue Nowhere Garden of Beasts The Chopin Manuscript The Bodies Left Behind Edge The October List Manhattan Is My Beat Death of a Blue Movie Star Hard News Shallow Graves Bloody River Blues Hell's Kitchen The Bone Collector The Coffin Dancer The Empty Chair The Stone Monkey The Vanished Man The Twelfth Card The Cold Moon The Broken Window The Burning Wire The Kill Room The Skin Collector The Steel Kiss The Burial Hour The Cutting Edge The Sleeping Doll Roadside Crosses XO Solitude Creek The Never Game Carte Blanche A Confederacy of Crime Twisted More Twisted Trouble in Mind The Lineup: The World's Greatest Crime Writers Tell the Inside Story of Their Greatest Detectives Faceoff (includes Lincoln Rhyme vs. Lucas Davenport in “Rhymes With Prey,” by Jeffery Deaver and John Sandford Jeffery Deaver's Official Web Site Modern Signed Books BlogTalkRadio Interview with Jeffery Deaver about Steel Kiss Modern Signed Books BlogTalkRadio Interview with Jeffery Deaver about The Burial Hour Modern Signed Books BlogTalkRadio Interview with Jeffery Deaver about The Cutting Edge
The London Palladium is a 2,286-seat Grade II* West End theatre located on Argyll Street in the City of Westminster. From the roster of stars who have played there and many televised performances, it is arguably the most famous theatre in London and the United Kingdom for musical variety shows; the theatre has hosted the Royal Variety Performance a record 42 times, most in 2018. Walter Gibbons, an early moving-pictures manager, built the Palladium in 1910 to compete with Sir Edward Moss's London Hippodrome and Sir Oswald Stoll's London Coliseum; the facade, dates back to the 19th century. It was a temporary wooden building called Corinthian Bazaar, which featured an aviary and aimed to attract customers from the closed Pantheon Bazaar on Oxford Street; the theatre was rebuilt a year by Fredrick Hengler, the son of a tightrope walker, as a circus arena for entertainments that included promenade concerts, pantomimes and an aquatic display in a flooded ring. It became the National Skating Palace – a skating rink with real ice.
However the rink failed and the Palladium was redesigned by Frank Matcham, a famous theatrical architect who designed the Coliseum, on the site that had housed Hengler’s Circus. The building now carries Heritage Foundation commemorative plaques honouring Lew Grade and Frankie Vaughan; the theatre retains many of its original features and was Grade II* listed in September 1960. The Palladium had its own telephone system, it had a revolving stage. The theatre started out as a premier venue for variety performances. Pantomimes were featured there. In 1926, the pantomime starred Lennie Dean as Cinderella; the theatre is linked to the Royal Variety Performances, where many were, still are, held. In 1928, for three months the Palladium ran as a cinema. Following this'Cine-Variety' episode the theatre fell dark for a short period in the autumn of 1928. From 3 September 1928, the Palladium reopened under the directorship of the impresario/producer George Black as part of the General Theatre Corporation; when Black took control the theatre was close to bankruptcy.
He revived its fortunes by returning to the original ethos of the Palladium by staging large variety shows, with a capital'V' – and as well as headlining Britain's homegrown acts he brought over big American stars such as Duke Ellington and his Orchestra, Adelaide Hall, Louis Armstrong and Ethel Waters for two-week engagements. Before too long, under Black's management the Palladium was soon gaining praise again as'The World's Leading Variety Theatre'. In 1935, Black initiated the Crazy Gang revues at the Palladium with Life Begins at Oxford Circus; the revues continued at the Palladium as an annual event until they transferred to the Victoria Palace theatre in 1940. Black managed the Palladium until his death in 1945; the climax of the 1935 Alfred Hitchcock spy thriller The 39 Steps was filmed at the Palladium. The theatre was hit by an unexploded German parachute mine on 11 May 1941; the device had fallen through the roof. A Royal Navy bomb disposal team was sent to deal with it. After the mine was located, the fuse locking ring had to be turned to allow access to the fuze itself.
Rather disconcertingly, the fuse began ticking as soon. This caused a rapid evacuation of the immediate area; the two team members cautiously returned, extracted the fuse and removed other hazardous components, rendering the mine'safe'. It was lowered to the stage and disposed of; the George Medal for gallantry and undaunted devotion to duty was given to Sub Lieutenant Graham Maurice Wright for his action in the Palladium on that night. He was killed, on 19 Aug 1941, while en route for Gibraltar on board the torpedoed troopship SS Aguila. Val Parnell took over as Managing Director after George Black's death in 1945, he adopted a controversial, but successful, policy of presenting high-priced, big-name American acts at the top of the bill. Among many, the list included Carmen Miranda, Judy Garland, Sophie Tucker, Bing Crosby, Danny Kaye, Rosemary Clooney, the Andrews Sisters with Vic Schoen and his orchestra, Bob Hope, Liza Minnelli, Lena Horne, Ella Fitzgerald, Peggy Lee, Frank Sinatra, Sammy Davis, Jr. Frankie Laine and Johnnie Ray, freezing out many British stars of the day, who were relegated to second-billing.
From 1955–67 the theatre was the setting for the top-rated ITV variety show Sunday Night at the London Palladium hosted first by Tommy Trinder, followed by Bruce Forsyth, Norman Vaughan, Jimmy Tarbuck. The programme was broadcast live every week by ATV, owned by the famous theatrical impresario Lew Grade. Production was by Val Parnell. Six programmes aired as special episodes in the United States between May and August 1966 on NBC. Val Parnell became associated with a property development company and began to sell Moss Empires' theatres for redevelopment; when it became known in 1966 that this fate awaited the London Palladium, The Victoria Palace and the Theatre Royal, Drury Lane, Prince Littler organised a take-over to save the theatres and Val Parnell retired to live in France. The new Managing Director of Stoll-Moss was Louis Benjamin, who took on the role while continuing as MD of Pye Records within the ATV Group. By 1965, the Wine Society was operating out of a cellar under the Palladium.
Additionally, it was using one at Joiner Street under London Bridge Station and one at St James's Bond in Rotherhithe (which flooded