Beer and breweries by region
This is a list of articles and categories dealing with beer and breweries by region: the breweries and beers in various regions. Beer is the world's most consumed alcoholic drink, is the third-most popular drink overall, after water and tea, it is thought by some to be the oldest fermented drink. A brewery is a dedicated building for the making of beer, though beer can be made at home, has been for much of beer's history. A company that makes beer is called either a brewing company; the diversity of size in breweries is matched by the diversity of processes, degrees of automation, kinds of beer produced in breweries. A brewery is divided into distinct sections, with each section reserved for one part of the brewing process. Beer has been brewed by Armenians since ancient times. One of the first confirmed written evidences of ancient beer production is Xenophon's reference to "wine made from barley" in one of the ancient Armenia villages, as described in his 5th century B. C. work Anabasis: "There were stores within of wheat and barley and vegetables, wine made from barley in great big bowls.
The drink without admixture of water was strong, of a delicious flavour to certain palates, but the taste must be acquired." There are six local brewing companies throughout the country producing a variety of beer types: Beer of Yerevan Brewery in Yerevan: around 15 types of beer are served by the brewery under the brand Kilikia as well as some other brands. Gyumri Beer Brewery in Gyumri: the company produces a variety of lager beer under 3 brands: Gyumri and Ararat. Kotayk Brewery in Abovyan: a variety of lager beer under the brand Kotayk, as well as Erebuni and Urartu. Lihnitis Sevan Brewery in Sevan: the company produces the Kellers beer. Hayasy Group in Voskevaz village, Aragatsotn Province: producing under the brand Hayasy. Dilijan Brewery in Dilijan: producing under the brand Dilijan. In addition to brewing factories, the country is home to 8 microbreweries/brewpubs, that produce and serve draught/unfiltered beer in Armenia; the dominant brewery in Myanmar, with an 80% share of the market, is Myanmar Brewery, 45% owned by Union of Myanmar Economic Holdings Limited.
Myanmar Brewery's beers include Double Strong Beer, Andaman Gold and Andaman Gold. In 2015 Myanmar Brewery entered into a joint venture with Kirin Brewery to produce and distribute its beers in the country. In 2013 the Carlsberg Group signed an agreement with Myanmar Golden Star, establishing Myanmar Carlsberg Company Ltd. Myanmar Carlsberg Company opened a $75 million brewery in May 2015 which now produces Carlsberg and Turborg locally, together with a new beer, Yoma. In July 2015 Heineken International opened a $60 million brewery in Yangon, in a joint venture with a local company, Alliance Brewery Company; the brewery produces Heineken, ABC stout and a new rice beer, Regal Seven. North Korea has at least ten major breweries and many microbreweries that supply a wide range of beer products; the top brand is the light lager Taedonggang, internationally known for its quality. The country's problems with goods distribution and power output has forced North Korean brewers to innovate. To minimize distribution, many restaurants and hotels maintain their own microbreweries.
Because unreliable power supply makes it difficult to refrigerate beer, North Koreans have developed their own steam beer, an American beer style brewed in higher than normal temperatures, available. Although the Korean liquor soju is preferred, beer comes second. Since the 1980s, beer has been within reach of ordinary North Koreans. Tourists, on the other hand, enjoy inexpensive beer without such limitations. Europe's largest single brewery and single malting facility in terms of installed capacity are the Obolon CJSC's production facility in Kiev and malting facility in Chemerivtsi, Khmelnytskyi Oblast, Ukraine The best known beer in Albania is Birra Tirana. Well-known beer brands are Birra Korça, Birra Norga, Birra Puka and Birra Stela. Beer is a historic traditions in Latvia and is known to have been made before the Northern Crusades in the 13th century. Today, the most popular brand in Latvia is Aldaris; this Baltic state has a major beer scene in the northern part of the country, centred around the towns of Pasvalys, Kupiškis and Biržai.
The farmhouse brews of the region are distinctive, using local ingredients and techniques from pre-Soviet times. The biggest commercial breweries are located in towns Utena, Panevėžys, Klaipėda, Kaunas and Vilnius; the best-known beer in Macedonia is Skopsko. There are Silver Moon, Zlaten Dab, Gorsko etc. In addition to the major breweries that brew pilsner beer, there are a number of microbreweries brewing a variety of other types of beer; the most famous brands in Slovakia are Smädný mních and Zlatý Bažant. There are 15 breweries in Slovakia: Pivovar Bytča - Martiner, Palatín Pivovar Corgoň - Corgoň, Stup Pivovar a sladovňa Gemer a.s. - Gemer, Zuzana Pivovar Horden - Horden Pivovar Hurbanovo - Zlatý Bažant, Heineken Pivovar Ilava (K. K. Compa
Cymbal manufacturers refer to companies and/or individuals who manufacture and/or ship cymbals, gongs, or any other metallic percussion item of that type, be it B8 or B20, mass produced or boutique, crash, splash, or hi-hat, for use by percussionists and other musicians. Cymbal manufacturing is a difficult field to succeed in: most companies that are still around today have hundreds of years of smithing and crafting experience in their past. In the modern world, there are four primary cymbal manufacturers that together encompass over half of all cymbal sales. Meinl Percussion Paiste Sabian Zildjian Aside from the four major contenders in the cymbal world, when musicians are looking to purchase cymbals there are plenty of other options to choose from that provide unique sounds, shapes and qualities. Many of these companies establish themselves through unique manufacturing techniques, unusual qualities, competitive pricing, place or style of manufacturing, or cymbal material. Saluda Cymbals Crescent Bosphorus Hammerax Istanbul Agop Matt Nolan Stagg Soultone Cymbals UFIP Wuhan Centent Cymbals Bellotti was a small Italian cymbal workshop that produced cymbals from the 1950s until the 1970s.
Because so few of these vintage cymbals exist on the market today, Bellotti remains one of the more obscure names in cymbal manufacturers. Most Bellottis are small 12"-15", quite heavy, their craftsmanship displays a fine lathing on top and bottom and broad, circular-peen hand-hammering. The cast bronze cymbals are of a B20 alloy; the bellholes of most Bellottis are of small aperture, which suggests a fabrication date prior to the 1960s or earlier. Finely crafted, most existing examples are to have been hand or field cymbals, due both to their weight and diameters; the tell-tale insignia is an embossed stamp on the underside of the cymbal. There are two versions of this stamp; the first reads "Bellotti" on capital block letters. The second version reads "Bellotti," but incorporates the logo of a bell. Bellottis have an embossment that reads "Italy" or "Made in Italy" in a semicircular pattern; this embossment appears on other Italian cymbals of the 1940s-1960s. Roberto Spizzichino was an Italian jazz drummer and renowned master cymbalsmith.
Spizzichino lathed and hand-hammered cymbals in his workshop in San Quirico, Tuscany in the tradition of the K Zildjian cymbal makers from Istanbul. Early in his career, Spizzichino worked for the Italian cymbal company UFIP, providing cymbal development and research. In 1986, after leaving UFIP, Spizzichino started experimenting with his own "Spizz" brand cymbals. Spizzichino worked for Bespeco, an Italian musical equipment manufacturer. Bespeco still offers a line of machine-made B8 Spizz brand cymbals produced according to a process developed by Spizzichino; the Chinese cymbal manufacturer, Wuhan produced a limited number of its own Spizz brand cymbals during a brief collaboration in 1989 when Spizzichino visited the factory. He was in China to find a source for B20 blanks. Spizzichino was involved in the Wuhan/Spizz cymbals' design but was not involved with the cymbal production and distribution, he did not wish to be associated with it. Neither the Bespeco Spizz or the Wuhan/Spizz cymbals were endorsed by Spizzichino.
Recent Spizzichino brand cymbals are crafted from high quality B20 bell bronze discs sourced from Turkey. The first Spizzichinos were made from heavy B20 blanks imported from China. By heating, hand-hammering and lathing the material, Spizzichino sought to bring out desirable sound characteristics lacking in machine-made modern cymbals. Spizzichino became unsatisfied with the purity of the Chinese material after a couple years, found a different supplier. Roberto Spizzichino's cymbals are coveted by jazz drummers seeking the'old K sound' and are considered rare and collectable, as he made fewer than 3,500 cymbals during his career. Spizzichino died on November 22, 2011. Zyn cymbals were introduced by Premier Percussion in 1950, they were marketed as an affordable instrument, with a priority of functionality over musical quality. They were made of nickel-silver alloy and could be purchased with Premier's Olympic-series drum kits. Pairs of concert cymbals were available for marching bands and orchestra.
The professional-grade Super Zyn range followed in 1951, realised in B20 alloy. According to Cymbals Today, these instruments were endorsed by a number of professional jazz drummers, such as Ray Ellington and Eric Delaney. Sizes were 12 inches through 24 inches, in medium-thin, medium or heavy weights. Concert cymbals were available in 15 and 16 inch pairs; the 5 Star Super Zyn range was announced in 1968, replacing the Super Zyn as Premier's professional-grade cymbal. Like their predecessors, these cymbals were made of B20 alloy. However, their build was thicker and heavier - similar to the heavy-weight Super Zyns - reflecting contemporary trends in popular music, where denser cymbals were required to meet the increasing volume of amplified instruments in popular music; the range began with a 12-inch cymbal, while hi-hats could be specified in 14 or 15 inch pairs. 16, 18, 20 and 22 inch cymbals were all available as crash, or crash-ride. Sizzle cymbals, could be ordered in 18 and 20 inch sizes.
Concert cymbals were available in 15 and 16 inch pairs. There was a budget alternative to the 5 Star Super Zyn, called the 2 Star Super Zyn; the naming system was a reference to the contemporary octane rating system for leaded petrol in the UK. P