Jirishanca is a 6,094 metres high mountain in the Huayhuash mountain range in west central Peru, part of the Andes. Other sources cite a height of 6,126 metres and it is the tenth highest peak in Peru and the third in the Huayhuash range. Jirishanca translates as hummingbird bill peak, the mountain is notoriously difficult and has seen very few successful ascents. The first ascent in July 1957 by the Austrian mountaineers Toni Egger and their route has only been repeated once. On July 6,1969, an Italian team led by the 60-year-old Riccardo Cassin forged the first route through the West face, on July 31,1971 the Americans Dean Caldwell and Jon Bowlin first climbed the southwest face in two days. Leaving their expedition below and Caldwell forged their own route and reached the peak on August 1, in 1973, a Japanese team led by Masayuki Shinohara succeeded in climbing the south east face for the first time, though it took them 49 days. It is one of the hardest 6000 meter mountains of the Andes, the easier route to the summit is quoted TD but more difficult routes exist, many on them on vertical ice and with overhanging section of mixed terrain such as the Cassin route
Edward Theodore Compton
Edward Theodore Compton, usually referred to as E. T. Compton, was an English-born, German artist and mountain climber. He is well known for his paintings and drawings of alpine scenery, Compton was born in Stoke Newington in London, the son of Theodore Compton, an art-loving insurance agent, and grew up in a deeply religious Quaker household. He attended various art schools, for a time, the Royal Academy in London, in 1867, wanting the best education for their artistically-talented son, and due to the high cost of schooling in England, the family decided to emigrate to Germany settling in Darmstadt. The city at time was the seat of the Grand Duchy of Hesse under Grand Duke Ludwig III. Entries in Comptons diary show that both he and his father were art teachers - Alice, the Princess of Hesse numbered amongst Edwards students, between 1867-68 Compton toured the Rhineland and Eifel areas of Germany, making numerous sketches. In 1869, Compton was living in Munich and two years for the first time exhibited his work at the Glass Palace, in 1872 he married Auguste Plotz and for two years they travelled through the Tyrol, Carinthia and Switzerland.
From 1874, the couple settled in Feldafing on Lake Starnberg, in 1880 Compton became a member of the Royal Academy, London. Hess and Mountaineering in Pictures by Alfred Steinitzer, in England he was in demand as an illustrator providing pictures for a range of titles. In 1909 Compton accompanied his friend, the mountaineer Karl Blodig on many tours in the Silvretta mountains, at the time of the First World War he was invited by the Austrian army to paint from the mountain front but was forbidden to do so by the Bavarian High Command. He was excluded from the Munich Artists Association, because he was English and he was a member of the exclusive Alpine Club and the German and Austrian Alpine Association. Compton died in Feldafing on 22 July 1921, aged 72 and his son Edward Harrison Compton and daughter Dora Compton were mountain painters. His other daughter Marion was a flower and still life painter, even his early watercolors show the great importance of brightness and light and his work is remarkable for its portrayal of the elements such as water and air, including ascending mist and fog.
He can be regarded as an impressionist, list of German painters Knight, Francis A. By leafy ways - Brief studies from the book of nature, Francis A. Idylls of the field. The Picturesque Mediterranean, Vol 1, Vol 2, Theodore & Morgan, C. L. A Mendip valley, its inhabitants and surroundings, caesars seventh campaign in Gaul, B. C.52. A & Compton, E. H. Germany, wallraf-Richartz-Museum, Das Skizzenbuch einer Eifelwanderung im Jahre 1868. Edward Theodore Compton and Mountain Painter, Edward Theodore und Edward Harrison, Maler und Alpinisten
Zermatt is a municipality in the district of Visp in the German-speaking section of the canton of Valais in Switzerland. It has a population of about 5,800 inhabitants, the town lies at the upper end of Mattertal at an elevation of 1,620 m, at the foot of Switzerlands highest peaks. It lies about 10 km from the over 10,800 ft high Theodul Pass bordering Italy, Zermatt is famed as a mountaineering and ski resort of the Swiss Alps. The year round population is 5,759, though there may be several times as many tourists in Zermatt at any one time. Much of the economy is based on tourism, with about half of the jobs in town in hotels or restaurants. Just over one-third of the permanent population was born in the town, the name of Zermatt, as well as that of the Matterhorn itself, derives from the alpine meadows, or matten, in the valley. The name appeared first as Zur Matte and became Zermatt and it does not appear until 1495 on a map or 1546 in a text, but may have been employed long before. Praborno or Prato Borno are the names of Zermatt, they appear in the ancient maps as early as the thirteenth century.
The Romand-speaking people from the Aosta Valley and from the Romand-speaking part of canton Wallis used this name until about 1860 in the form of Praborne, the reason of this change from Praborno to Zermatt is attributed to the gradual replacement of the Romance-speaking people by German-speaking colony. The town of Zermatt lies at the end of the Matter Valley. Zermatt is almost completely surrounded by the mountains of the Pennine Alps among which Monte Rosa. It is followed by the Dom, Lyskamm and the Matterhorn, most of the Alpine four-thousanders are located around Zermatt or in the neighbouring valleys. The town of Zermatt, while dense, is geographically small, there are three main streets which run along the banks of the river Matter Vispa, and numerous cross-streets, especially around the station and the church which forms the centre of Zermatt. In general anything is at most a thirty-minute walk away, there are several suburbs within Zermatt. Winkelmatten, which was once a hamlet, lies on a hill on the southern side.
Steinmatten is located on the bank of the main river. Many hamlets are located in the valleys above Zermatt, however they are not usually inhabited all year round, zum See lies south of Zermatt on the west bank of the Gorner gorge, near Furi where a cable car station is located. On the side of Zmutt valley lies the hamlet of Zmutt, findeln is located in the eastern valley above the Findelbach river
Breuil-Cervinia is an alpine resort in the Aosta Valley region of northwest Italy. It is a frazione of the comune of Valtournenche, cervinia lies at 2,006 m above sea level, at the foot of the Matterhorn, in a valley surrounded by high, glaciated mountains and the sheer rock face of the Jumeaux. It shares a ski area with Zermatt in Switzerland, connected through the Plateau Rosa glacier, some of the runs are very long, the longest stretches 22 km from the Klein Matterhorn in Switzerland down to Valtournenche in Italy. Cervinia being one of Europes highest ski resorts means low temperatures and good consistent snow fall, temperatures get very cold through the winter months with daily averages being around -5 - -10 for the winter months and only about 8-10c in the summer months. This maintains the snow in great shape throughout the winter season, december usually averages round 40-50cm in resort and 140-160cm on the mountain, January approx 80cm and 200cm, February approx 90cm and 220cm, march 100cm and 240cm, April 60cm - 200cm.
The town hosted the FIBT World Championships in 1971,1975, official website, & Breuil-Cervinia Downhill Snow Report from Aosta valley official website, &
Switzerland, officially the Swiss Confederation, is a federal republic in Europe. It consists of 26 cantons, and the city of Bern is the seat of the federal authorities. The country is situated in western-Central Europe, and is bordered by Italy to the south, France to the west, Germany to the north, and Austria and Liechtenstein to the east. Switzerland is a country geographically divided between the Alps, the Swiss Plateau and the Jura, spanning an area of 41,285 km2. The establishment of the Old Swiss Confederacy dates to the medieval period, resulting from a series of military successes against Austria. Swiss independence from the Holy Roman Empire was formally recognized in the Peace of Westphalia in 1648. The country has a history of armed neutrality going back to the Reformation, it has not been in a state of war internationally since 1815, nevertheless, it pursues an active foreign policy and is frequently involved in peace-building processes around the world. In addition to being the birthplace of the Red Cross, Switzerland is home to international organisations.
On the European level, it is a member of the European Free Trade Association. However, it participates in the Schengen Area and the European Single Market through bilateral treaties, spanning the intersection of Germanic and Romance Europe, Switzerland comprises four main linguistic and cultural regions, French and Romansh. Due to its diversity, Switzerland is known by a variety of native names, Suisse, Svizzera. On coins and stamps, Latin is used instead of the four living languages, Switzerland is one of the most developed countries in the world, with the highest nominal wealth per adult and the eighth-highest per capita gross domestic product according to the IMF. Zürich and Geneva have each been ranked among the top cities in the world in terms of quality of life, with the former ranked second globally, according to Mercer. The English name Switzerland is a compound containing Switzer, a term for the Swiss. The English adjective Swiss is a loan from French Suisse, in use since the 16th century.
The name Switzer is from the Alemannic Schwiizer, in origin an inhabitant of Schwyz and its associated territory, the Swiss began to adopt the name for themselves after the Swabian War of 1499, used alongside the term for Confederates, used since the 14th century. The data code for Switzerland, CH, is derived from Latin Confoederatio Helvetica. The toponym Schwyz itself was first attested in 972, as Old High German Suittes, ultimately related to swedan ‘to burn’
The Trettachspitze is a 2,595 metre high mountain in the Allgäu Alps in Germany. Due to its appearance it is one of the best-known mountains in the Allgäu Alps. Together with the Mädelegabel and the Hochfrottspitze it forms the often admired triumvirate of mountains rising above Einödsbach and it is the only high rocky summit in the Allgäu Alps that lies entirely on German soil. It is situated north of the Mädelegabel and usually ascended from the Waltenberger Haus, at the foot of the Trettachspitze, at the lower end of the Trettachrinne, is the source of the Trettach river. The Trettachspitze was first climbed in 1855 by the brothers Urban, the youngest was just 13 years old. The Trettachspitze may only be attempted by experienced climbers, there are other climbing routes on every rock face. However the only ones that are used are the Schwarzer Riß, Spiel der Geister. The other routes are attempted as they have long and dangerous approaches over often crumbling rocks. Next to the route The show must go on, Robert Jasper, ernst Enzenperger, Die Gruppe der Mädelegabel, München, Jos.
Köselsche Buchhandlung,1909 Meineke, Stefan. Allgäuer Alpen und Ammergauer Alpen alpin
The Spitzkoppe, is a group of bald granite peaks or inselbergs located between Usakos and Swakopmund in the Namib desert of Namibia. The granite is more than 120 million years old and the highest outcrop rises about 1,784 metres above sea level, the peaks stand out dramatically from the flat surrounding plains. The highest peak is about 700 m above the floor of the desert below, a minor peak – the Little Spitzkoppe – lies nearby at an elevation of 1,584 m. Other prominences stretch out into a known as the Pontok Mountains. Many examples of Bushmen artwork can be painted on the rock in the Spitzkoppe area. The Spitzkoppe Mountains were the location for 2001, A Space Odyssey in the Dawn of Man sequences. Any ascent of the peak involves exposed and delicate rock climbing of a high grade, before the First World War what is now Namibia was German South-West Africa. It is possible that the peak was reached as early as 1904. What he may have burned remains a mystery, as there is no natural fuel of any kind on the upper parts of the peak.
The legend suggests that he never returned and that his body was never recovered, certainly, no proof of his conquest is available today. The first documented conquest was made by a team of climbers from Cape Town, the next party – ONeil and Schaff – pioneered a route up the northern extremes of the peak, after having failed on the southwest ridge. They gained access to the now known as the scramble. Four days made another attempt but finally gave up. Some of the earliest climbers, defeated by a smooth band of granite only about 3m high, resorted to carving steps into the rock with a hammer. A few months Hans and Else Wong and Jannie de Villiers Graaff arrived and they reached the summit at noon, for the next quarter of a century the mountain maintained its reputation of presenting a two- or three-day struggle to potential climbers. This era came to an end in 1971, when the peak was climbed in four hours by a party led by J. W. Marchant from the University of Cape Town Mountain, included were the talented South African climber Gabriel Athiros and Oliver Stansfield from England.
This team scaled all of the lower pitches without ropes and got through the band without using the artificial steps hacked into the granite. They descended from the peak in two hours and as they reached the base began to fall for the first time in over a year
John Ruskin was the leading English art critic of the Victorian era, as well as an art patron, watercolourist, a prominent social thinker and philanthropist. He wrote on subjects as varied as geology, myth, literature, education and his writing styles and literary forms were equally varied. Ruskin penned essays and treatises and lectures, travel guides and manuals, the elaborate style that characterised his earliest writing on art was superseded by a preference for plainer language designed to communicate his ideas more effectively. In all of his writing, he emphasised the connections between nature and society and he made detailed sketches and paintings of rocks, birds and architectural structures and ornamentation. He was hugely influential in the half of the 19th century. After a period of decline, his reputation has steadily improved since the 1960s with the publication of numerous academic studies of his work. Today, his ideas and concerns are widely recognised as having anticipated interest in environmentalism, from the 1850s he championed the Pre-Raphaelites who were influenced by his ideas.
His work increasingly focused on social and political issues, Unto This Last marked the shift in emphasis. In 1869, Ruskin became the first Slade Professor of Fine Art at the University of Oxford, in 1871, he began his monthly letters to the workmen and labourers of Great Britain, published under the title Fors Clavigera. In the course of this complex and deeply personal work, he developed the principles underlying his ideal society, as a result, he founded the Guild of St George, an organisation that endures today. Ruskin was the child of first cousins. His father, John James Ruskin, was a sherry and wine importer founding partner and de facto manager of Ruskin, Telford. John James was born and brought up in Edinburgh, Scotland, to a mother from Glenluce and his wife, Margaret Cox, née Cock, was the daughter of an aunt on the English side of the family and a publican in Croydon. She had joined the Ruskin household when she became companion to John Jamess mother, John James had hoped to practice law, but was instead articled as a clerk in London.
His father, John Thomas Ruskin, described as a grocer, was an inadequate businessman, to save the family from bankruptcy, John James, whose prudence and success were in stark contrast to his father, took on all debts, settling the last of them in 1832. John James and Margaret were engaged in 1809, but opposition to the union from John Thomas, Ruskin was born at 54 Hunter Street, Brunswick Square, south of St Pancras railway station. His childhood was characterised by the influences of his father and mother. John James Ruskin helped to develop his sons Romanticism and they shared a passion for the works of Byron and especially Walter Scott
The Matterhorn Bobsleds are a pair of intertwined steel roller coasters at Disneyland in Anaheim, California. It is modelled after the Matterhorn, a mountain in the Alps on the border with Switzerland and it is the first tubular steel continuous track roller coaster known. Located on the border between Tomorrowland and Fantasyland, it employs forced perspective to seem more impressively large, during the construction of the park, dirt from the excavation of Sleeping Beauty Castles moat was piled in an area between Fantasyland and Tomorrowland. When the park opened, the area, dubbed Holiday Hill, was improved with benches, in this period, the hill began to be known as Snow Hill. By now, instead of picnicking, the hill had come to be used primarily as a lovers lane. The structure was intended to act as a decorative overlay to camouflage the central pylon of the Skyway. Use of the Matterhorn, both in style and name, grew from Disneys extended vacation in Switzerland while filming Third Man on the Mountain.
This resulted in the merger of the toboggan ride concept with the thoughts of a coaster ride that would run around. The peak was first shown in a drawing that was once on display at The Disney Gallery. The view to the northwest shows a corner of the now-defunct Junior Autopia, one of three major new Tomorrowland attractions to open that year, the Matterhorn debuted on June 14,1959. Built by coaster builder Arrow Development and WED Imagineering, it was the first tubular steel coaster in the world. It consisted of a wood and steel infrastructure surrounded by man-made rock, trees could be seen on its sides, by making the trees at higher altitudes smaller, the Imagineers used forced perspective to augment the mountains height. Waterfalls cascaded down its sides and frequently sprayed riders, inside was a large, open space through which the bobsleds traveled. The Skyway passed through the center of the mountain via a pair of holes on the Fantasyland and Tomorrowland sides, Skyway riders could see down into the Matterhorns interior as they glided through.
In the early 1970s, the ride was made a part of Fantasyland. In 1978, the Matterhorn received a major refurbishment, most notably, the hollow interior space was broken up into a number of small, icy caves and tunnels with far more convincing theming. Some holes in the skin were filled in as well. Another major addition was a snowman, who had taken up residence in the mountain and was affectionately named Harold by the Imagineers
Friar Park is a 120-room Victorian neo-Gothic mansion in Henley-on-Thames built in 1889. It was formerly owned by eccentric lawyer Sir Frank Crisp and purchased in January 1970 by musician George Harrison, the site covers about 62 acres. Features include caves, underground passages, a multitude of garden gnomes, the main house is listed Grade II on the National Heritage List, and the gardens of Friar Park are listed Grade II on the Register of Historic Parks and Gardens. In addition to the house, the Lower Lodge, Middle Lodge. The entrance walls and piers of the Lower Lodge, and the wall piers. Since the early 1970s, the property has become synonymous with the former Beatles home studio, Harrison biographer Alan Clayson has described the Friar Park estate as being as synonymous with his name as the Queens with Windsor Castle. Harrison put the property up as collateral in order to fund the Monty Python comedy teams movie Life of Brian after their original backers, EMI. As a huge fan of the Pythons, Harrison simply wanted to get to see the film − something that his friend Eric Idle has often described as the most expensive cinema ticket in movie history.
The Friar Park estate was owned by Sir Frank Crisp from 1889 until his death in 1919, the property was sold at an auction to Sir Percival David. The nuns ran a school in Henley, the Sacred Heart School. In early 1972, Harrison installed a 16-track tape-based recording studio in a guest suite, by 1974, the facility had become the recording headquarters for his company, Dark Horse Records. The album covers for projects Harrison recorded there usually mentioned F. P. S. H. O. T, − or Friar Park Studio, Henley-on-Thames. These include the bulk of his own albums, from 1973s Living in the Material World onwards, among them, Dark Horse, Thirty Three & 1/3, George Harrison, Cloud Nine and Brainwashed. Besides the records by Harrison or artists he produced, the studio was used by Shakespears Sister to record their 1992 album Hormonally Yours. Writing in I, Me, Derek Taylor says of Harrisons purchase of Friar Park, It is a dream on a hill and it came, not by chance, to the right man at the right time. Friar Park has extensive gardens and water features designed by Henry Ernest Milner for Crisp, including a grotto, the park includes a sandstone replica of the Matterhorn.
Reflecting Crisps sense of humour, among the statuary is a holding a frying pan with holes in it. Harrison immortalised the grand building and its surrounds in his 1976 song Crackerbox Palace and his second wife Olivia restored the gardens
Mount Yari is one of the 100 Famous Japanese Mountains. The 3,180 m high peak lies in the part of the Hida Mountains of Japan, on the border of Ōmachi and Matsumoto in Nagano Prefecture. The priest Banryū founded a temple there, july 28,1828 - Banryū first climbed the mountain. 1878 - William Gowland became the first non-Japanese man to climb to the top, august,1891 - Englishman Walter Weston climbed to the top. 1922 - Japanese mountaineer Maki Yūkō made the first winter ascent of the mountain, december 4,1934 - The region in the mountain was specified for the Chūbu-Sangaku National Park. Mount Yari is located in the Chūbu-Sangaku National Park, the name derives from its shape, which resembles a spear thrust into the sky. Because of its shape, it is called the Matterhorn of Japan. Ridges and valleys reach out from this mountain in all directions. The four ridges are Higashikama, Yarihotaka and Kitakama to the east, south and north, the four valleys are Yarizawa, Hidazawa or Yaridaira, Senjōzawa and Tenjōzawa to the southeast, southwest and northeast, respectively.
During the hiking season, Mount Yari is popular with mountain climbers, one of the most famous but dangerous ridges is Kitakama. It became famous through its association with mountaineer Buntarō Katō, who was a model for the novel Kokō no Hito by Jirō Nitta, the disaster of Akira Matsunami told in Fūsetsu no Bibāgu contributed to its fame. Despite the existence of variation routes, climbers stand in line for the famous routes during the summer, in the autumn of 2005, a new mountain trail was constructed going up from Hidarimata Valley to Mount Okumaru. This made it possible to reach Yari-ga-take walking from Shinhodaka onsen upstream along the Hidarimata Valley following the ridge of Mount Okumaru. Two triangulation points were established at the summit, a milepost stone is fixed to the ground. As a reference point for the Geographical Survey Institute of Japan, it is of importance and even on topographic maps. There are several huts in the vicinity of the mountain, Yari-ga-take Sansō, Sesshō Hut, Hut Ōyari, Yarisawa Lodge.
Being situated in the Japanese Alps, several prominent mountains can be reached from Mount Yari, among them, Sugoroku-dake, Nishi-dake, Ōgui-dake, Naka-dake, Minami-dake, Okumaru-yama