List of regular polytopes and compounds
Regular (2D) polygons  

Convex  Star 
{5} 
{5/2} 
Regular (3D) polyhedra  
Convex  Star 
{5,3} 
{5/2,5} 
Regular 2D tessellations  
Euclidean  Hyperbolic 
{4,4} 
{5,4} 
Regular 4D polytopes  
Convex  Star 
{5,3,3} 
{5/2,5,3} 
Regular 3D tessellations  
Euclidean  Hyperbolic 
{4,3,4} 
{5,3,4} 
This page lists the regular polytopes and regular polytope compounds in Euclidean, spherical and hyperbolic spaces.
The Schläfli symbol describes every regular tessellation of an nsphere, Euclidean and hyperbolic spaces. A Schläfli symbol describing an npolytope equivalently describes a tessellation of an (n−1)sphere. In addition, the symmetry of a regular polytope or tessellation is expressed as a Coxeter group, which Coxeter expressed identically to the Schläfli symbol, except delimiting by square brackets, a notation that is called Coxeter notation. Another related symbol is the CoxeterDynkin diagram which represents a symmetry group with no rings, and the represents regular polytope or tessellation with a ring on the first node. For example, the cube has Schläfli symbol {4,3}, and with its octahedral symmetry, [4,3] or , it is represented by Coxeter diagram .
The regular polytopes are grouped by dimension and subgrouped by convex, nonconvex and infinite forms. Nonconvex forms use the same vertices as the convex forms, but have intersecting facets. Infinite forms tessellate a onelowerdimensional Euclidean space.
Infinite forms can be extended to tessellate a hyperbolic space. Hyperbolic space is like normal space at a small scale, but parallel lines diverge at a distance. This allows vertex figures to have negative angle defects, like making a vertex with seven equilateral triangles and allowing it to lie flat. It cannot be done in a regular plane, but can be at the right scale of a hyperbolic plane.
A more general definition of regular polytopes which do not have simple Schläfli symbols includes regular skew polytopes and regular skew apeirotopes with nonplanar facets or vertex figures.
Contents
 1 Overview
 2 One dimension
 3 Two dimensions (polygons)
 4 Three dimensions (polyhedra)
 5 Four dimensions
 6 Five and more dimensions
 7 Regular projective polytopes
 8 Apeirotopes
 9 Compound polytopes
 10 Abstract polytopes
 11 See also
 12 Notes
 13 References
 14 External links
Overview[edit]
This table shows a summary of regular polytope counts by dimension.
Dim.  Finite  Euclidean  Hyperbolic  Compounds  

Convex  Star  Skew  Convex  Compact  Star  Paracompact  Convex  Star  
1  1  0  0  1  0  0  0  0  0 
2  ∞  ∞  ∞  1  1  0  0  ∞  ∞ 
3  5  4  ?  3  ∞  ∞  ∞  5  0 
4  6  10  ?  1  4  0  11  26  20 
5  3  0  ?  3  5  4  2  0  0 
6  3  0  ?  1  0  0  5  0  0 
7  3  0  ?  1  0  0  0  3  0 
8  3  0  ?  1  0  0  0  6  0 
9+  3  0  ?  1  0  0  0  ^{[a]}  0 
 ^ 1 if the number of dimensions is of the form 2^{k} − 1; 2 if the number of dimensions is of the form 2^{k}; 0 otherwise.
There are no Euclidean regular star tessellations in any number of dimensions.
One dimension[edit]
A Coxeter diagram represent mirror "planes" as nodes, and puts a ring around a node if a point is not on the plane. A dion, { }, is a point p and its mirror image point p', and the line segment between them. 
A onedimensional polytope or 1polytope is a closed line segment, bounded by its two endpoints. A 1polytope is regular by definition and is represented by Schläfli symbol { },^{[1]}^{[2]} or a Coxeter diagram with a single ringed node, . Norman Johnson calls it a dion^{[3]} and gives it the Schläfli symbol { }.
Although trivial as a polytope, it appears as the edges of polygons and other higher dimensional polytopes.^{[4]} It is used in the definition of uniform prisms like Schläfli symbol { }×{p}, or Coxeter diagram as a Cartesian product of a line segment and a regular polygon.^{[5]}
Two dimensions (polygons)[edit]
The twodimensional polytopes are called polygons. Regular polygons are equilateral and cyclic. A pgonal regular polygon is represented by Schläfli symbol {p}.
Usually only convex polygons are considered regular, but star polygons, like the pentagram, can also be considered regular. They use the same vertices as the convex forms, but connect in an alternate connectivity which passes around the circle more than once to complete.
Star polygons should be called nonconvex rather than concave because the intersecting edges do not generate new vertices and all the vertices exist on a circle boundary.
Convex[edit]
The Schläfli symbol {p} represents a regular pgon.
Name  Triangle (2simplex) 
Square (2orthoplex) (2cube) 
Pentagon  Hexagon  Heptagon  Octagon  

Schläfli  {3}  {4}  {5}  {6}  {7}  {8}  
Symmetry  D_{3}, [3]  D_{4}, [4]  D_{5}, [5]  D_{6}, [6]  D_{7}, [7]  D_{8}, [8]  
Coxeter  
Image  
Name  Nonagon (Enneagon) 
Decagon  Hendecagon  Dodecagon  Tridecagon  Tetradecagon  
Schläfli  {9}  {10}  {11}  {12}  {13}  {14}  
Symmetry  D_{9}, [9]  D_{10}, [10]  D_{11}, [11]  D_{12}, [12]  D_{13}, [13]  D_{14}, [14]  
Dynkin  
Image  
Name  Pentadecagon  Hexadecagon  Heptadecagon  Octadecagon  Enneadecagon  Icosagon  ...pgon 
Schläfli  {15}  {16}  {17}  {18}  {19}  {20}  {p} 
Symmetry  D_{15}, [15]  D_{16}, [16]  D_{17}, [17]  D_{18}, [18]  D_{19}, [19]  D_{20}, [20]  D_{p}, [p] 
Dynkin  
Image 
Spherical[edit]
The regular digon {2} can be considered to be a degenerate regular polygon. It can be realized nondegenerately in some nonEuclidean spaces, such as on the surface of a sphere or torus.
Name  Monogon  Digon 

Schläfli symbol  {1}  {2} 
Symmetry  D_{1}, [ ]  D_{2}, [2] 
Coxeter diagram  or  
Image 
Stars[edit]
There exist infinitely many regular star polytopes in two dimensions, whose Schläfli symbols consist of rational numbers {n/m}. They are called star polygons and share the same vertex arrangements of the convex regular polygons.
In general, for any natural number n, there are npointed star regular polygonal stars with Schläfli symbols {n/m} for all m such that m < n/2 (strictly speaking {n/m}={n/(n−m)}) and m and n are coprime (and as such, all stellations of a polygon with a prime number of sides will be regular stars). Cases where m and n are not coprime are called compound polygons.
Name  Pentagram  Heptagrams  Octagram  Enneagrams  Decagram  ...ngrams  

Schläfli  {5/2}  {7/2}  {7/3}  {8/3}  {9/2}  {9/4}  {10/3}  {p/q} 
Symmetry  D_{5}, [5]  D_{7}, [7]  D_{8}, [8]  D_{9}, [9],  D_{10}, [10]  D_{p}, [p]  
Coxeter  
Image 
Skew polygons[edit]
In 3dimensional space, a regular skew polygon is called an antiprismatic polygon, with the vertex arrangement of an antiprism, and a subset of edges, zigzagging between top and bottom polygons.
Hexagon  Octagon  Decagons  
D_{3d}, [2^{+},6]  D_{4d}, [2^{+},8]  D_{5d}, [2^{+},10]  

{3}#{ }  {4}#{ }  {5}#{ }  {5/2}#{ }  {5/3}#{ } 
In 4dimensions a regular skew polygon can have vertices on a Clifford torus and related by a Clifford displacement. Unlike antiprismatic skew polygons, skew polygons on double rotations can include an oddnumber of sides.
They can be seen in the Petrie polygons of the convex regular 4polytopes, seen as regular plane polygons in the perimeter of Coxeter plane projection:
Pentagon  Octagon  Dodecagon  Triacontagon 

5cell 
16cell 
24cell 
600cell 
Three dimensions (polyhedra)[edit]
In three dimensions, polytopes are called polyhedra:
A regular polyhedron with Schläfli symbol {p,q}, Coxeter diagrams , has a regular face type {p}, and regular vertex figure {q}.
A vertex figure (of a polyhedron) is a polygon, seen by connecting those vertices which are one edge away from a given vertex. For regular polyhedra, this vertex figure is always a regular (and planar) polygon.
Existence of a regular polyhedron {p,q} is constrained by an inequality, related to the vertex figure's angle defect:
 : Polyhedron (existing in Euclidean 3space)
 : Euclidean plane tiling
 : Hyperbolic plane tiling
By enumerating the permutations, we find 5 convex forms, 4 star forms and 3 plane tilings, all with polygons {p} and {q} limited to: {3}, {4}, {5}, {5/2}, and {6}.
Beyond Euclidean space, there is an infinite set of regular hyperbolic tilings.
Convex[edit]
The convex regular polyhedra are called the 5 Platonic solids. The vertex figure is given with each vertex count. All these polyhedra have an Euler characteristic (χ) of 2.
Name  Schläfli {p,q} 
Coxeter 
Image (transparent) 
Image (solid) 
Image (sphere) 
Faces {p} 
Edges  Vertices {q} 
Symmetry  Dual 

Tetrahedron (3simplex) 
{3,3}  4 {3} 
6  4 {3} 
T_{d} [3,3] (*332) 
(self)  
Hexahedron Cube (3cube) 
{4,3}  6 {4} 
12  8 {3} 
O_{h} [4,3] (*432) 
Octahedron  
Octahedron (3orthoplex) 
{3,4}  8 {3} 
12  6 {4} 
O_{h} [4,3] (*432) 
Cube  
Dodecahedron  {5,3}  12 {5} 
30  20 {3} 
I_{h} [5,3] (*532) 
Icosahedron  
Icosahedron  {3,5}  20 {3} 
30  12 {5} 
I_{h} [5,3] (*532) 
Dodecahedron 
Spherical[edit]
In spherical geometry, regular spherical polyhedra (tilings of the sphere) exist that would otherwise be degenerate as polytopes. These are the hosohedra {2,n} and their dual dihedra {n,2}. Coxeter calls these cases "improper" tessellations.^{[6]}
The first few cases (n from 2 to 6) are listed below.
Name  Schläfli {2,p} 
Coxeter diagram 
Image (sphere) 
Faces {2}_{π/p} 
Edges  Vertices {p} 
Symmetry  Dual 

Digonal hosohedron  {2,2}  2 {2}_{π/2} 
2  2 {2}_{π/2} 
D_{2h} [2,2] (*222) 
Self  
Trigonal hosohedron  {2,3}  3 {2}_{π/3} 
3  2 {3} 
D_{3h} [2,3] (*322) 
Trigonal dihedron  
Square hosohedron  {2,4}  4 {2}_{π/4} 
4  2 {4} 
D_{4h} [2,4] (*422) 
Square dihedron  
Pentagonal hosohedron  {2,5}  5 {2}_{π/5} 
5  2 {5} 
D_{5h} [2,5] (*522) 
Pentagonal dihedron  
Hexagonal hosohedron  {2,6}  6 {2}_{π/6} 
6  2 {6} 
D_{6h} [2,6] (*622) 
Hexagonal dihedron 
Name  Schläfli {p,2} 
Coxeter diagram 
Image (sphere) 
Faces {p} 
Edges  Vertices {2} 
Symmetry  Dual 

Digonal dihedron  {2,2}  2 {2}_{π/2} 
2  2 {2}_{π/2} 
D_{2h} [2,2] (*222) 
Self  
Trigonal dihedron  {3,2}  2 {3} 
3  3 {2}_{π/3} 
D_{3h} [3,2] (*322) 
Trigonal hosohedron  
Square dihedron  {4,2}  2 {4} 
4  4 {2}_{π/4} 
D_{4h} [4,2] (*422) 
Square hosohedron  
Pentagonal dihedron  {5,2}  2 {5} 
5  5 {2}_{π/5} 
D_{5h} [5,2] (*522) 
Pentagonal hosohedron  
Hexagonal dihedron  {6,2}  2 {6} 
6  6 {2}_{π/6} 
D_{6h} [6,2] (*622) 
Hexagonal hosohedron 
Stardihedra and hosohedra {p/q,2} and {2,p/q} also exist for any star polygon {p/q}.
Stars[edit]
The regular star polyhedra are called the Kepler–Poinsot polyhedra and there are four of them, based on the vertex arrangements of the dodecahedron {5,3} and icosahedron {3,5}:
As spherical tilings, these star forms overlap the sphere multiple times, called its density, being 3 or 7 for these forms. The tiling images show a single spherical polygon face in yellow.
Name  Image (transparent) 
Image (solid) 
Image (sphere) 
Stellation diagram 
Schläfli {p,q} and Coxeter 
Faces {p} 
Edges  Vertices {q} verf. 
χ  Density  Symmetry  Dual 

Small stellated dodecahedron  {5/2,5} 
12 {5/2} 
30  12 {5} 
−6  3  I_{h} [5,3] (*532) 
Great dodecahedron  
Great dodecahedron  {5,5/2} 
12 {5} 
30  12 {5/2} 
−6  3  I_{h} [5,3] (*532) 
Small stellated dodecahedron  
Great stellated dodecahedron  {5/2,3} 
12 {5/2} 
30  20 {3} 
2  7  I_{h} [5,3] (*532) 
Great icosahedron  
Great icosahedron  {3,5/2} 
20 {3} 
30  12 {5/2} 
2  7  I_{h} [5,3] (*532) 
Great stellated dodecahedron 
There are infinitely many failed star polyhedra. These are also spherical tilings with star polygons in their Schläfli symbols, but they do not cover a sphere finitely many times. Some examples are {5/2,4}, {5/2,9}, {7/2,3}, {5/2,5/2}, {7/2,7/3}, {4,5/2}, and {3,7/3}.
Skew polyhedra[edit]
Regular skew polyhedra are generalizations to the set of regular polyhedron which include the possibility of nonplanar vertex figures.
For 4dimensional skew polyhedra, Coxeter offered a modified Schläfli symbol {l,mn} for these figures, with {l,m} implying the vertex figure, m lgons around a vertex, and ngonal holes. Their vertex figures are skew polygons, zigzagging between two planes.
The regular skew polyhedra, represented by {l,mn}, follow this equation:
 2 sin(π/l) sin(π/m) = cos(π/n)
Four of them can be seen in 4dimensions as a subset of faces of four regular 4polytopes, sharing the same vertex arrangement and edge arrangement:
{4, 6  3}  {6, 4  3}  {4, 8  3}  {8, 4  3} 

Four dimensions[edit]
Regular 4polytopes with Schläfli symbol have cells of type , faces of type , edge figures , and vertex figures .
 A vertex figure (of a 4polytope) is a polyhedron, seen by the arrangement of neighboring vertices around a given vertex. For regular 4polytopes, this vertex figure is a regular polyhedron.
 An edge figure is a polygon, seen by the arrangement of faces around an edge. For regular 4polytopes, this edge figure will always be a regular polygon.
The existence of a regular 4polytope is constrained by the existence of the regular polyhedra . A suggested name for 4polytopes is "polychoron".^{[7]}
Each will exist in a space dependent upon this expression:

 : Hyperspherical 3space honeycomb or 4polytope
 : Euclidean 3space honeycomb
 : Hyperbolic 3space honeycomb
These constraints allow for 21 forms: 6 are convex, 10 are nonconvex, one is a Euclidean 3space honeycomb, and 4 are hyperbolic honeycombs.
The Euler characteristic for convex 4polytopes is zero:
Convex[edit]
The 6 convex regular 4polytopes are shown in the table below. All these 4polytopes have an Euler characteristic (χ) of 0.
Name 
Schläfli {p,q,r} 
Coxeter 
Cells {p,q} 
Faces {p} 
Edges {r} 
Vertices {q,r} 
Dual {r,q,p} 

5cell (4simplex) 
{3,3,3}  5 {3,3} 
10 {3} 
10 {3} 
5 {3,3} 
(self)  
8cell (4cube) (Tesseract) 
{4,3,3}  8 {4,3} 
24 {4} 
32 {3} 
16 {3,3} 
16cell  
16cell (4orthoplex) 
{3,3,4}  16 {3,3} 
32 {3} 
24 {4} 
8 {3,4} 
Tesseract  
24cell  {3,4,3}  24 {3,4} 
96 {3} 
96 {3} 
24 {4,3} 
(self)  
120cell  {5,3,3}  120 {5,3} 
720 {5} 
1200 {3} 
600 {3,3} 
600cell  
600cell  {3,3,5}  600 {3,3} 
1200 {3} 
720 {5} 
120 {3,5} 
120cell 
5cell  8cell  16cell  24cell  120cell  600cell 

{3,3,3}  {4,3,3}  {3,3,4}  {3,4,3}  {5,3,3}  {3,3,5} 
Wireframe (Petrie polygon) skew orthographic projections  
Solid orthographic projections  
tetrahedral envelope (cell/vertexcentered) 
cubic envelope (cellcentered) 
Cubic envelope (cellcentered) 
cuboctahedral envelope (cellcentered) 
truncated rhombic triacontahedron envelope (cellcentered) 
Pentakis icosidodecahedral envelope (vertexcentered) 
Wireframe Schlegel diagrams (Perspective projection)  
(Cellcentered) 
(Cellcentered) 
(Cellcentered) 
(Cellcentered) 
(Cellcentered) 
(Vertexcentered) 
Wireframe stereographic projections (Hyperspherical)  
Spherical[edit]
Di4topes and hoso4topes exist as regular tessellations of the 3sphere.
Regular di4topes (2 facets) include: {3,3,2}, {3,4,2}, {4,3,2}, {5,3,2}, {3,5,2}, {p,2,2}, and their hoso4tope duals (2 vertices): {2,3,3}, {2,4,3}, {2,3,4}, {2,3,5}, {2,5,3}, {2,2,p}. 4polytopes of the form {2,p,2} are the same as {2,2,p}. There are also the cases {p,2,q} which have dihedral cells and hosohedral vertex figures.
Schläfli {2,p,q} 
Coxeter 
Cells {2,p}_{π/q} 
Faces {2}_{π/p,π/q} 
Edges  Vertices  Vertex figure {p,q} 
Symmetry  Dual 

{2,3,3}  4 {2,3}_{π/3} 
6 {2}_{π/3,π/3} 
4  2  {3,3} 
[2,3,3]  {3,3,2}  
{2,4,3}  6 {2,4}_{π/3} 
12 {2}_{π/4,π/3} 
8  2  {4,3} 
[2,4,3]  {3,4,2}  
{2,3,4}  8 {2,3}_{π/4} 
12 {2}_{π/3,π/4} 
6  2  {3,4} 
[2,4,3]  {4,3,2}  
{2,5,3}  12 {2,5}_{π/3} 
30 {2}_{π/5,π/3} 
20  2  {5,3} 
[2,5,3]  {3,5,2}  
{2,3,5}  20 {2,3}_{π/5} 
30 {2}_{π/3,π/5} 
12  2  {3,5} 
[2,5,3]  {5,3,2} 
Stars[edit]
There are ten regular star 4polytopes, which are called the Schläfli–Hess 4polytopes. Their vertices are based on the convex 120cell {5,3,3} and 600cell {3,3,5}.
Ludwig Schläfli found four of them and skipped the last six because he would not allow forms that failed the Euler characteristic on cells or vertex figures (for zerohole tori: F+V−E=2). Edmund Hess (1843–1903) completed the full list of ten in his German book Einleitung in die Lehre von der Kugelteilung mit besonderer Berücksichtigung ihrer Anwendung auf die Theorie der Gleichflächigen und der gleicheckigen Polyeder (1883)[2].
There are 4 unique edge arrangements and 7 unique face arrangements from these 10 regular star 4polytopes, shown as orthogonal projections:
Name 
Wireframe  Solid  Schläfli {p, q, r} Coxeter 
Cells {p, q} 
Faces {p} 
Edges {r} 
Vertices {q, r} 
Density  χ  Symmetry group  Dual {r, q,p} 

Icosahedral 120cell (faceted 600cell) 
{3,5,5/2} 
120 {3,5} 
1200 {3} 
720 {5/2} 
120 {5,5/2} 
4  480  H_{4} [5,3,3] 
Small stellated 120cell  
Small stellated 120cell  {5/2,5,3} 
120 {5/2,5} 
720 {5/2} 
1200 {3} 
120 {5,3} 
4  −480  H_{4} [5,3,3] 
Icosahedral 120cell  
Great 120cell  {5,5/2,5} 
120 {5,5/2} 
720 {5} 
720 {5} 
120 {5/2,5} 
6  0  H_{4} [5,3,3] 
Selfdual  
Grand 120cell  {5,3,5/2} 
120 {5,3} 
720 {5} 
720 {5/2} 
120 {3,5/2} 
20  0  H_{4} [5,3,3] 
Great stellated 120cell  
Great stellated 120cell  {5/2,3,5} 
120 {5/2,3} 
720 {5/2} 
720 {5} 
120 {3,5} 
20  0  H_{4} [5,3,3] 
Grand 120cell  
Grand stellated 120cell  {5/2,5,5/2} 
120 {5/2,5} 
720 {5/2} 
720 {5/2} 
120 {5,5/2} 
66  0  H_{4} [5,3,3] 
Selfdual  
Great grand 120cell  {5,5/2,3} 
120 {5,5/2} 
720 {5} 
1200 {3} 
120 {5/2,3} 
76  −480  H_{4} [5,3,3] 
Great icosahedral 120cell  
Great icosahedral 120cell (great faceted 600cell) 
{3,5/2,5} 
120 {3,5/2} 
1200 {3} 
720 {5} 
120 {5/2,5} 
76  480  H_{4} [5,3,3] 
Great grand 120cell  
Grand 600cell  {3,3,5/2} 
600 {3,3} 
1200 {3} 
720 {5/2} 
120 {3,5/2} 
191  0  H_{4} [5,3,3] 
Great grand stellated 120cell  
Great grand stellated 120cell  {5/2,3,3} 
120 {5/2,3} 
720 {5/2} 
1200 {3} 
600 {3,3} 
191  0  H_{4} [5,3,3] 
Grand 600cell 
There are 4 failed potential regular star 4polytopes permutations: {3,5/2,3}, {4,3,5/2}, {5/2,3,4}, {5/2,3,5/2}. Their cells and vertex figures exist, but they do not cover a hypersphere with a finite number of repetitions.
Five and more dimensions[edit]
In five dimensions, a regular polytope can be named as where is the 4face type, is the cell type, is the face type, and is the face figure, is the edge figure, and is the vertex figure.
 A vertex figure (of a 5polytope) is a 4polytope, seen by the arrangement of neighboring vertices to each vertex.
 An edge figure (of a 5polytope) is a polyhedron, seen by the arrangement of faces around each edge.
 A face figure (of a 5polytope) is a polygon, seen by the arrangement of cells around each face.
A regular 5polytope exists only if and are regular 4polytopes.
The space it fits in is based on the expression:

 : Spherical 4space tessellation or 5space polytope
 : Euclidean 4space tessellation
 : hyperbolic 4space tessellation
Enumeration of these constraints produce 3 convex polytopes, zero nonconvex polytopes, 3 4space tessellations, and 5 hyperbolic 4space tessellations. There are no nonconvex regular polytopes in five dimensions or higher.
Convex[edit]
In dimensions 5 and higher, there are only three kinds of convex regular polytopes.^{[8]}
Name  Schläfli Symbol {p_{1},...,p_{n−1}} 
Coxeter  kfaces  Facet type 
Vertex figure 
Dual 

nsimplex  {3^{n−1}}  ...  {3^{n−2}}  {3^{n−2}}  Selfdual  
ncube  {4,3^{n−2}}  ...  {4,3^{n−3}}  {3^{n−2}}  northoplex  
northoplex  {3^{n−2},4}  ...  {3^{n−2}}  {3^{n−3},4}  ncube 
There are also improper cases where some numbers in the Schläfli symbol are 2. For example, {p,q,r,...2} is an improper regular spherical polytope whenever {p,q,r...} is a regular spherical polytope, and {2,...p,q,r} is an improper regular spherical polytope whenever {...p,q,r} is a regular spherical polytope. Such polytopes may also be used as facets, yielding forms such as {p,q,...2...y,z}.
5 dimensions[edit]
Name  Schläfli Symbol {p,q,r,s} Coxeter 
Facets {p,q,r} 
Cells {p,q} 
Faces {p} 
Edges  Vertices  Face figure {s} 
Edge figure {r,s} 
Vertex figure {q,r,s} 

5simplex  {3,3,3,3} 
6 {3,3,3} 
15 {3,3} 
20 {3} 
15  6  {3}  {3,3}  {3,3,3} 
5cube  {4,3,3,3} 
10 {4,3,3} 
40 {4,3} 
80 {4} 
80  32  {3}  {3,3}  {3,3,3} 
5orthoplex  {3,3,3,4} 
32 {3,3,3} 
80 {3,3} 
80 {3} 
40  10  {4}  {3,4}  {3,3,4} 
5simplex 
5cube 
5orthoplex 
6 dimensions[edit]
Name  Schläfli  Vertices  Edges  Faces  Cells  4faces  5faces  χ 

6simplex  {3,3,3,3,3}  7  21  35  35  21  7  0 
6cube  {4,3,3,3,3}  64  192  240  160  60  12  0 
6orthoplex  {3,3,3,3,4}  12  60  160  240  192  64  0 
6simplex 
6cube 
6orthoplex 
7 dimensions[edit]
Name  Schläfli  Vertices  Edges  Faces  Cells  4faces  5faces  6faces  χ 

7simplex  {3,3,3,3,3,3}  8  28  56  70  56  28  8  2 
7cube  {4,3,3,3,3,3}  128  448  672  560  280  84  14  2 
7orthoplex  {3,3,3,3,3,4}  14  84  280  560  672  448  128  2 
7simplex 
7cube 
7orthoplex 
8 dimensions[edit]
Name  Schläfli  Vertices  Edges  Faces  Cells  4faces  5faces  6faces  7faces  χ 

8simplex  {3,3,3,3,3,3,3}  9  36  84  126  126  84  36  9  0 
8cube  {4,3,3,3,3,3,3}  256  1024  1792  1792  1120  448  112  16  0 
8orthoplex  {3,3,3,3,3,3,4}  16  112  448  1120  1792  1792  1024  256  0 
8simplex 
8cube 
8orthoplex 
9 dimensions[edit]
Name  Schläfli  Vertices  Edges  Faces  Cells  4faces  5faces  6faces  7faces  8faces  χ 

9simplex  {3^{8}}  10  45  120  210  252  210  120  45  10  2 
9cube  {4,3^{7}}  512  2304  4608  5376  4032  2016  672  144  18  2 
9orthoplex  {3^{7},4}  18  144  672  2016  4032  5376  4608  2304  512  2 
9simplex 
9cube 
9orthoplex 
10 dimensions[edit]
Name  Schläfli  Vertices  Edges  Faces  Cells  4faces  5faces  6faces  7faces  8faces  9faces  χ 

10simplex  {3^{9}}  11  55  165  330  462  462  330  165  55  11  0 
10cube  {4,3^{8}}  1024  5120  11520  15360  13440  8064  3360  960  180  20  0 
10orthoplex  {3^{8},4}  20  180  960  3360  8064  13440  15360  11520  5120  1024  0 
10simplex 
10cube 
10orthoplex 
...
Nonconvex[edit]
There are no nonconvex regular polytopes in five dimensions or higher.
Regular projective polytopes[edit]
A projective regular (n+1)polytope exists when an original regular nspherical tessellation, {p,q,...}, is centrally symmetric. Such a polytope is named hemi{p,q,...}, and contain half as many elements. Coxeter gives a symbol {p,q,...}/2, while McMullen writes {p,q,...}_{h/2} with h as the coxeter number.^{[9]}
Evensided regular polygons have hemi2ngon projective polygons, {2p}/2.
There are 4 regular projective polyhedra related to 4 of 5 Platonic solids.
The hemicube and hemioctahedron generalize as hemincubes and heminorthoplexes in any dimensions.
Regular projective polyhedra[edit]
Name  Coxeter McMullen 
Image  Faces  Edges  Vertices  χ 

Hemicube  {4,3}/2 {4,3}_{3} 
3  6  4  1  
Hemioctahedron  {3,4}/2 {3,4}_{3} 
4  6  3  1  
Hemidodecahedron  {5,3}/2 {5,3}_{5} 
6  15  10  1  
Hemiicosahedron  {3,5}/2 {3,5}_{5} 
10  15  6  1 
Regular projective 4polytopes[edit]
In 4dimensions 5 of 6 convex regular 4polytopes generate projective 4polytopes. The 3 special cases are hemi24cell, hemi600cell, and hemi120cell.
Name  Coxeter symbol 
McMullen Symbol 
Cells  Faces  Edges  Vertices  χ 

Hemitesseract  {4,3,3}/2  {4,3,3}_{4}  4  12  16  8  0 
Hemi16cell  {3,3,4}/2  {3,3,4}_{4}  8  16  12  4  0 
Hemi24cell  {3,4,3}/2  {3,4,3}_{6}  12  48  48  12  0 
Hemi120cell  {5,3,3}/2  {5,3,3}_{15}  60  360  600  300  0 
Hemi600cell  {3,3,5}/2  {3,3,5}_{15}  300  600  360  60  0 
Regular projective 5polytopes[edit]
There are only 2 convex regular projective hemipolytopes in dimensions 5 or higher.
Name  Schläfli  4faces  Cells  Faces  Edges  Vertices  χ 

hemipenteract  {4,3,3,3}/2  5  20  40  40  16  1 
hemipentacross  {3,3,3,4}/2  16  40  40  20  5  1 
Apeirotopes[edit]
An apeirotope or infinite polytope is a polytope which has infinitely many facets. An napeirotope is an infinite npolytope: a 2apeirotope or apeirotope, is an infinite polygon, a 3apeirotope, or apeirohedron, is an infinite polyhedron, etc.
There are two main geometric classes of apeirotope:^{[10]}
 Regular honeycombs in n dimensions, which completely fill an ndimensional space.
 Regular skew apeirotopes, comprising an ndimensional manifold in a higher space.
One dimension (apeirogons)[edit]
The straight apeirogon is a regular tessellation of the line, subdviding it into infinitely many equal segments. It has infinitely many vertices and edges. Its Schläfli symbol is {∞}, and Coxeter diagram .
Apeirogons in the hyperbolic plane, most notably the regular apeirogon, {∞}, can have a curvature just like finite polygons of the Euclidean plane, with the vertices circumscribed by horocycles or hypercycles rather than circles.
Regular apeirogons that are scaled to converge at infinity have the symbol {∞} and exist on horocycles, while more generally they can exist on hypercycles.
{∞}  {πi/λ} 

Apeirogon on horocycle 
Apeirogon on hypercycle 
Above are two regular hyperbolic apeirogons in the Poincaré disk model, the right one shows perpendicular reflection lines of divergent fundamental domains, separated by length λ.
Skew apeirogons[edit]
A skew apeirogon in two dimensions forms a zigzag line in the plane. If the zigzag is even and symmetrical, then the apeirogon is regular.
Skew apeirogons can be constructed in any number of dimensions. In three dimensions, a regular skew apeirogon traces out a helical spiral and may be either left or righthanded.
2dimensions  3dimensions 

Zigzag apeirogon 
Helix apeirogon 
Two dimensions (apeirohedra)[edit]
Euclidean tilings[edit]
There are three regular tessellations of the plane. All three have an Euler characteristic (χ) of 0.
Name  Square tiling (quadrille) 
Triangular tiling (deltille) 
Hexagonal tiling (hextille) 

Symmetry  p4m, [4,4], (*442)  p6m, [6,3], (*632)  
Schläfli {p,q}  {4,4}  {3,6}  {6,3} 
Coxeter diagram  
Image 
There are two improper regular tilings: {∞,2}, an apeirogonal dihedron, made from two apeirogons, each filling half the plane; and secondly, its dual, {2,∞}, an apeirogonal hosohedron, seen as an infinite set of parallel lines.
{∞,2}, 
{2,∞}, 
Euclidean startilings[edit]
There are no regular plane tilings of star polygons. There are many enumerations that fit in the plane (1/p + 1/q = 1/2), like {8/3,8}, {10/3,5}, {5/2,10}, {12/5,12}, etc., but none repeat periodically.
Hyperbolic tilings[edit]
Tessellations of hyperbolic 2space are hyperbolic tilings. There are infinitely many regular tilings in H^{2}. As stated above, every positive integer pair {p,q} such that 1/p + 1/q < 1/2 gives a hyperbolic tiling. In fact, for the general Schwarz triangle (p, q, r) the same holds true for 1/p + 1/q + 1/r < 1.
There are a number of different ways to display the hyperbolic plane, including the Poincaré disc model which maps the plane into a circle, as shown below. It should be recognized that all of the polygon faces in the tilings below are equalsized and only appear to get smaller near the edges due to the projection applied, very similar to the effect of a camera fisheye lens.
There are infinitely many flat regular 3apeirotopes (apeirohedra) as regular tilings of the hyperbolic plane, of the form {p,q}, with p+q<pq/2. (previously listed above as tessellations)
 {3,7}, {3,8}, {3,9} ... {3,∞}
 {4,5}, {4,6}, {4,7} ... {4,∞}
 {5,4}, {5,5}, {5,6} ... {5,∞}
 {6,4}, {6,5}, {6,6} ... {6,∞}
 {7,3}, {7,4}, {7,5} ... {7,∞}
 {8,3}, {8,4}, {8,5} ... {8,∞}
 {9,3}, {9,4}, {9,5} ... {9,∞}
 ...
 {∞,3}, {∞,4}, {∞,5} ... {∞,∞}
A sampling:
Regular hyperbolic tiling table  

Spherical (improper/Platonic)/Euclidean/hyperbolic (Poincaré disc: compact/paracompact/noncompact) tessellations with their Schläfli symbol  
p \ q  2  3  4  5  6  7  8  ...  ∞  ...  iπ/λ 
2  {2,2} 
{2,3} 
{2,4} 
{2,5} 
{2,6} 
{2,7} 
{2,8} 
{2,∞} 
{2,iπ/λ}  
3  {3,2} 
(tetrahedron) {3,3} 
(octahedron) {3,4} 
(icosahedron) {3,5} 
(deltille) {3,6} 
{3,7} 
{3,8} 
{3,∞} 
{3,iπ/λ}  
4  {4,2} 
(cube) {4,3} 
(quadrille) {4,4} 
{4,5} 
{4,6} 
{4,7} 
{4,8} 
{4,∞} 
{4,iπ/λ}  
5  {5,2} 
(dodecahedron) {5,3} 
{5,4} 
{5,5} 
{5,6} 
{5,7} 
{5,8} 
{5,∞} 
{5,iπ/λ}  
6  {6,2} 
(hextille) {6,3} 
{6,4} 
{6,5} 
{6,6} 
{6,7} 
{6,8} 
{6,∞} 
{6,iπ/λ}  
7  {7,2} 
{7,3} 
{7,4} 
{7,5} 
{7,6} 
{7,7} 
{7,8} 
{7,∞} 
{7,iπ/λ}  
8  {8,2} 
{8,3} 
{8,4} 
{8,5} 
{8,6} 
{8,7} 
{8,8} 
{8,∞} 
{8,iπ/λ}  
...  
∞  {∞,2} 
{∞,3} 
{∞,4} 
{∞,5} 
{∞,6} 
{∞,7} 
{∞,8} 
{∞,∞} 
{∞,iπ/λ}  
...  
iπ/λ  {iπ/λ,2} 
{iπ/λ,3} 
{iπ/λ,4} 
{iπ/λ,5} 
{iπ/λ,6} 
{iπ/λ,7} 
{iπ/λ,8} 
{iπ/λ,∞} 
{iπ/λ,iπ/λ} 
Hyperbolic startilings[edit]
There are 2 infinite forms of hyperbolic tilings whose faces or vertex figures are star polygons: {m/2, m} and their duals {m, m/2} with m = 7, 9, 11, .... The {m/2, m} tilings are stellations of the {m, 3} tilings while the {m, m/2} dual tilings are facetings of the {3, m} tilings and greatenings of the {m, 3} tilings.
The patterns {m/2, m} and {m, m/2} continue for odd m < 7 as polyhedra: when m = 5, we obtain the small stellated dodecahedron and great dodecahedron, and when m = 3, the case degenerates to a tetrahedron. The other two Kepler–Poinsot polyhedra (the great stellated dodecahedron and great icosahedron) do not have regular hyperbolic tiling analogues. If m is even, depending on how we choose to define {m/2}, we can either obtain degenerate double covers of other tilings or compound tilings.
Name  Schläfli  Coxeter diagram  Image  Face type {p} 
Vertex figure {q} 
Density  Symmetry  Dual 

Order7 heptagrammic tiling  {7/2,7}  {7/2} 
{7} 
3  *732 [7,3] 
Heptagrammicorder heptagonal tiling  
Heptagrammicorder heptagonal tiling  {7,7/2}  {7} 
{7/2} 
3  *732 [7,3] 
Order7 heptagrammic tiling  
Order9 enneagrammic tiling  {9/2,9}  {9/2} 
{9} 
3  *932 [9,3] 
Enneagrammicorder enneagonal tiling  
Enneagrammicorder enneagonal tiling  {9,9/2}  {9} 
{9/2} 
3  *932 [9,3] 
Order9 enneagrammic tiling  
Order11 hendecagrammic tiling  {11/2,11}  {11/2} 
{11} 
3  *11.3.2 [11,3] 
Hendecagrammicorder hendecagonal tiling  
Hendecagrammicorder hendecagonal tiling  {11,11/2}  {11} 
{11/2} 
3  *11.3.2 [11,3] 
Order11 hendecagrammic tiling  
Orderp pgrammic tiling  {p/2,p}  {p/2}  {p}  3  *p32 [p,3] 
pgrammicorder pgonal tiling  
pgrammicorder pgonal tiling  {p,p/2}  {p}  {p/2}  3  *p32 [p,3] 
Orderp pgrammic tiling 
Skew apeirohedra in Euclidean 3space[edit]
There are three regular skew apeirohedra in Euclidean 3space, with regular skew polygon vertex figures.^{[11]}^{[12]}^{[13]} They share the same vertex arrangement and edge arrangement of 3 convex uniform honeycombs.
 6 squares around each vertex: {4,64}
 4 hexagons around each vertex: {6,44}
 6 hexagons around each vertex: {6,63}
Regular skew polyhedra  

{4,64} 
{6,44} 
{6,63} 
There are thirty regular apeirohedra in Euclidean 3space.^{[15]} These include those listed above, as well as 8 other "pure" apeirohedra, all related to the cubic honeycomb, {4,3,4}, with others having skew polygon faces: {6,6}_{4}, {4,6}_{4}, {6,4}_{6}, {∞,3}^{a}, {∞,3}^{b}, {∞,4}^{.*3}, {∞,4}_{6,4}, {∞,6}_{4,4}, and {∞,6}_{6,3}.
Skew apeirohedra in hyperbolic 3space[edit]
There are 31 regular skew apeirohedra in hyperbolic 3space:^{[16]}
 14 are compact: {8,103}, {10,83}, {10,43}, {4,103}, {6,45}, {4,65}, {10,63}, {6,103}, {8,83}, {6,64}, {10,103},{6,65}, {8,63}, and {6,83}.
 17 are paracompact: {12,103}, {10,123}, {12,43}, {4,123}, {6,46}, {4,66}, {8,44}, {4,84}, {12,63}, {6,123}, {12,123}, {6,66}, {8,64}, {6,84}, {12,83}, {8,123}, and {8,84}.
Three dimensions (4apeirotopes)[edit]
Tessellations of Euclidean 3space[edit]
There is only one nondegenerate regular tessellation of 3space (honeycombs), {4, 3, 4}:^{[17]}
Name  Schläfli {p,q,r} 
Coxeter 
Cell type {p,q} 
Face type {p} 
Edge figure {r} 
Vertex figure {q,r} 
χ  Dual 

Cubic honeycomb  {4,3,4}  {4,3}  {4}  {4}  {3,4}  0  Selfdual 
Improper tessellations of Euclidean 3space[edit]
There are six improper regular tessellations, pairs based on the three regular Euclidean tilings. Their cells and vertex figures are all regular hosohedra {2,n}, dihedra, {n,2}, and Euclidean tilings. These improper regular tilings are constructionally related to prismatic uniform honeycombs by truncation operations. They are higherdimensional analogues of the order2 apeirogonal tiling and apeirogonal hosohedron.
Schläfli {p,q,r} 
Coxeter diagram 
Cell type {p,q} 
Face type {p} 
Edge figure {r} 
Vertex figure {q,r} 

{2,4,4}  {2,4}  {2}  {4}  {4,4}  
{2,3,6}  {2,3}  {2}  {6}  {3,6}  
{2,6,3}  {2,6}  {2}  {3}  {6,3}  
{4,4,2}  {4,4}  {4}  {2}  {4,2}  
{3,6,2}  {3,6}  {3}  {2}  {6,2}  
{6,3,2}  {6,3}  {6}  {2}  {3,2} 
Tessellations of hyperbolic 3space[edit]
There are ten flat regular honeycombs of hyperbolic 3space:^{[18]} (previously listed above as tessellations)
 4 are compact: {3,5,3}, {4,3,5}, {5,3,4}, and {5,3,5}
 while 6 are paracompact: {3,3,6}, {6,3,3}, {3,4,4}, {4,4,3}, {3,6,3}, {4,3,6}, {6,3,4}, {4,4,4}, {5,3,6}, {6,3,5}, and {6,3,6}.
 

Tessellations of hyperbolic 3space can be called hyperbolic honeycombs. There are 15 hyperbolic honeycombs in H^{3}, 4 compact and 11 paracompact.
Name  Schläfli Symbol {p,q,r} 
Coxeter 
Cell type {p,q} 
Face type {p} 
Edge figure {r} 
Vertex figure {q,r} 
χ  Dual 

Icosahedral honeycomb  {3,5,3}  {3,5}  {3}  {3}  {5,3}  0  Selfdual  
Order5 cubic honeycomb  {4,3,5}  {4,3}  {4}  {5}  {3,5}  0  {5,3,4}  
Order4 dodecahedral honeycomb  {5,3,4}  {5,3}  {5}  {4}  {3,4}  0  {4,3,5}  
Order5 dodecahedral honeycomb  {5,3,5}  {5,3}  {5}  {5}  {3,5}  0  Selfdual 
There are also 11 paracompact H^{3} honeycombs (those with infinite (Euclidean) cells and/or vertex figures): {3,3,6}, {6,3,3}, {3,4,4}, {4,4,3}, {3,6,3}, {4,3,6}, {6,3,4}, {4,4,4}, {5,3,6}, {6,3,5}, and {6,3,6}.
Name  Schläfli Symbol {p,q,r} 
Coxeter 
Cell type {p,q} 
Face type {p} 
Edge figure {r} 
Vertex figure {q,r} 
χ  Dual 

Order6 tetrahedral honeycomb  {3,3,6}  {3,3}  {3}  {6}  {3,6}  0  {6,3,3}  
Hexagonal tiling honeycomb  {6,3,3}  {6,3}  {6}  {3}  {3,3}  0  {3,3,6}  
Order4 octahedral honeycomb  {3,4,4}  {3,4}  {3}  {4}  {4,4}  0  {4,4,3}  
Square tiling honeycomb  {4,4,3}  {4,4}  {4}  {3}  {4,3}  0  {3,3,4}  
Triangular tiling honeycomb  {3,6,3}  {3,6}  {3}  {3}  {6,3}  0  Selfdual  
Order6 cubic honeycomb  {4,3,6}  {4,3}  {4}  {4}  {3,4}  0  {6,3,4}  
Order4 hexagonal tiling honeycomb  {6,3,4}  {6,3}  {6}  {4}  {3,4}  0  {4,3,6}  
Order4 square tiling honeycomb  {4,4,4}  {4,4}  {4}  {4}  {4,4}  0  {4,4,4}  
Order6 dodecahedral honeycomb  {5,3,6}  {5,3}  {5}  {5}  {3,5}  0  {6,3,5}  
Order5 hexagonal tiling honeycomb  {6,3,5}  {6,3}  {6}  {5}  {3,5}  0  {5,3,6}  
Order6 hexagonal tiling honeycomb  {6,3,6}  {6,3}  {6}  {6}  {3,6}  0  Selfdual 
Noncompact solutions exist as Lorentzian Coxeter groups, and can be visualized with open domains in hyperbolic space (the fundamental tetrahedron having some parts inaccessible beyond infinity). All honeycombs which are not shown in the set of tables below and do not have 2 in their Schläfli symbol are noncompact.
{p,3} \ r  3  4  5  6  7  8  ... ∞ 

{3,3} 
{3,3,3} 
{3,3,4} 
{3,3,5} 
{3,3,6} 
{3,3,7} 
{3,3,8} 
{3,3,∞} 
{4,3} 
{4,3,3} 
{4,3,4} 
{4,3,5} 
{4,3,6} 
{4,3,7} 
{4,3,8} 
{4,3,∞} 
{5,3} 
{5,3,3} 
{5,3,4} 
{5,3,5} 
{5,3,6} 
{5,3,7} 
{5,3,8} 
{5,3,∞} 
{6,3} 
{6,3,3} 
{6,3,4} 
{6,3,5} 
{6,3,6} 
{6,3,7} 
{6,3,8} 
{6,3,∞} 
{7,3} 
{7,3,3} 
{7,3,4} 
{7,3,5} 
{7,3,6} 
{7,3,7} 
{7,3,8} 
{7,3,∞} 
{8,3} 
{8,3,3} 
{8,3,4} 
{8,3,5} 
{8,3,6} 
{8,3,7} 
{8,3,8} 
{8,3,∞} 
... {∞,3} 
{∞,3,3} 
{∞,3,4} 
{∞,3,5} 
{∞,3,6} 
{∞,3,7} 
{∞,3,8} 
{∞,3,∞} 






There are no regular hyperbolic starhoneycombs in H^{3}: all forms with a regular star polyhedron as cell, vertex figure or both end up being spherical.
Four dimensions (5apeirotopes)[edit]
Tessellations of Euclidean 4space[edit]
There are three kinds of infinite regular tessellations (honeycombs) that can tessellate Euclidean fourdimensional space:
Name  Schläfli Symbol {p,q,r,s} 
Facet type {p,q,r} 
Cell type {p,q} 
Face type {p} 
Face figure {s} 
Edge figure {r,s} 
Vertex figure {q,r,s} 
Dual 

Tesseractic honeycomb  {4,3,3,4}  {4,3,3}  {4,3}  {4}  {4}  {3,4}  {3,3,4}  Selfdual 
16cell honeycomb  {3,3,4,3}  {3,3,4}  {3,3}  {3}  {3}  {4,3}  {3,4,3}  {3,4,3,3} 
24cell honeycomb  {3,4,3,3}  {3,4,3}  {3,4}  {3}  {3}  {3,3}  {4,3,3}  {3,3,4,3} 
Projected portion of {4,3,3,4} (Tesseractic honeycomb) 
Projected portion of {3,3,4,3} (16cell honeycomb) 
Projected portion of {3,4,3,3} (24cell honeycomb) 
There are also the two improper cases {4,3,4,2} and {2,4,3,4}.
There are three flat regular honeycombs of Euclidean 4space:^{[19]}
 {4,3,3,4}, {3,3,4,3}, and {3,4,3,3}.
There are seven flat regular convex honeycombs of hyperbolic 4space:^{[20]}
 5 are compact: {3,3,3,5}, {5,3,3,3}, {4,3,3,5}, {5,3,3,4}, {5,3,3,5}
 2 are paracompact: {3,4,3,4}, and {4,3,4,3}.
There are four flat regular star honeycombs of hyperbolic 4space:^{[21]}
 {5/2,5,3,3}, {3,3,5,5/2}, {3,5,5/2,5}, and {5,5/2,5,3}.
Tessellations of hyperbolic 4space[edit]
There are seven convex regular honeycombs and four starhoneycombs in H^{4} space.^{[22]} Five convex ones are compact, and two are paracompact.
Five compact regular honeycombs in H^{4}:
Name  Schläfli Symbol {p,q,r,s} 
Facet type {p,q,r} 
Cell type {p,q} 
Face type {p} 
Face figure {s} 
Edge figure {r,s} 
Vertex figure {q,r,s} 
Dual 

Order5 5cell honeycomb  {3,3,3,5}  {3,3,3}  {3,3}  {3}  {5}  {3,5}  {3,3,5}  {5,3,3,3} 
120cell honeycomb  {5,3,3,3}  {5,3,3}  {5,3}  {5}  {3}  {3,3}  {3,3,3}  {3,3,3,5} 
Order5 tesseractic honeycomb  {4,3,3,5}  {4,3,3}  {4,3}  {4}  {5}  {3,5}  {3,3,5}  {5,3,3,4} 
Order4 120cell honeycomb  {5,3,3,4}  {5,3,3}  {5,3}  {5}  {4}  {3,4}  {3,3,4}  {4,3,3,5} 
Order5 120cell honeycomb  {5,3,3,5}  {5,3,3}  {5,3}  {5}  {5}  {3,5}  {3,3,5}  Selfdual 
The two paracompact regular H^{4} honeycombs are: {3,4,3,4}, {4,3,4,3}.
Name  Schläfli Symbol {p,q,r,s} 
Facet type {p,q,r} 
Cell type {p,q} 
Face type {p} 
Face figure {s} 
Edge figure {r,s} 
Vertex figure {q,r,s} 
Dual 

Order4 24cell honeycomb  {3,4,3,4}  {3,4,3}  {3,4}  {3}  {4}  {3,4}  {4,3,4}  {4,3,4,3} 
Cubic honeycomb honeycomb  {4,3,4,3}  {4,3,4}  {4,3}  {4}  {3}  {4,3}  {3,4,3}  {3,4,3,4} 
Noncompact solutions exist as Lorentzian Coxeter groups, and can be visualized with open domains in hyperbolic space (the fundamental 5cell having some parts inaccessible beyond infinity). All honeycombs which are not shown in the set of tables below and do not have 2 in their Schläfli symbol are noncompact.
Spherical/Euclidean/hyperbolic(compact/paracompact/noncompact) honeycombs {p,q,r,s}  



 



Star tessellations of hyperbolic 4space[edit]
There are four regular starhoneycombs in H^{4} space:
Name  Schläfli Symbol {p,q,r,s} 
Facet type {p,q,r} 
Cell type {p,q} 
Face type {p} 
Face figure {s} 
Edge figure {r,s} 
Vertex figure {q,r,s} 
Dual  Density 

Small stellated 120cell honeycomb  {5/2,5,3,3}  {5/2,5,3}  {5/2,5}  {5/2}  {3}  {3,3}  {5,3,3}  {3,3,5,5/2}  5 
Pentagrammicorder 600cell honeycomb  {3,3,5,5/2}  {3,3,5}  {3,3}  {3}  {5/2}  {5,5/2}  {3,5,5/2}  {5/2,5,3,3}  5 
Order5 icosahedral 120cell honeycomb  {3,5,5/2,5}  {3,5,5/2}  {3,5}  {3}  {5}  {5/2,5}  {5,5/2,5}  {5,5/2,5,3}  10 
Great 120cell honeycomb  {5,5/2,5,3}  {5,5/2,5}  {5,5/2}  {5}  {3}  {5,3}  {5/2,5,3}  {3,5,5/2,5}  10 
Five dimensions (6apeirotopes)[edit]
There is only one flat regular honeycomb of Euclidean 5space: (previously listed above as tessellations)^{[23]}
 {4,3,3,3,4}
There are five flat regular regular honeycombs of hyperbolic 5space, all paracompact: (previously listed above as tessellations)^{[24]}
 {3,3,3,4,3}, {3,4,3,3,3}, {3,3,4,3,3}, {3,4,3,3,4}, and {4,3,3,4,3}
Tessellations of Euclidean 5space[edit]
The hypercubic honeycomb is the only family of regular honeycomb that can tessellate each dimension, five or higher, formed by hypercube facets, four around every ridge.
Name  Schläfli {p_{1}, p_{2}, ..., p_{n−1}} 
Facet type 
Vertex figure 
Dual 

Square tiling  {4,4}  {4}  {4}  Selfdual 
Cubic honeycomb  {4,3,4}  {4,3}  {3,4}  Selfdual 
Tesseractic honeycomb  {4,3^{2},4}  {4,3^{2}}  {3^{2},4}  Selfdual 
5cube honeycomb  {4,3^{3},4}  {4,3^{3}}  {3^{3},4}  Selfdual 
6cube honeycomb  {4,3^{4},4}  {4,3^{4}}  {3^{4},4}  Selfdual 
7cube honeycomb  {4,3^{5},4}  {4,3^{5}}  {3^{5},4}  Selfdual 
8cube honeycomb  {4,3^{6},4}  {4,3^{6}}  {3^{6},4}  Selfdual 
nhypercubic honeycomb  {4,3^{n−2},4}  {4,3^{n−2}}  {3^{n−2},4}  Selfdual 
In E^{5}, there are also the improper cases {4,3,3,4,2}, {2,4,3,3,4}, {3,3,4,3,2}, {2,3,3,4,3}, {3,4,3,3,2}, and {2,3,4,3,3}. In E^{n}, {4,3^{n−3},4,2} and {2,4,3^{n−3},4} are always improper Euclidean tessellations.
Tessellations of hyperbolic 5space[edit]
There are 5 regular honeycombs in H^{5}, all paracompact, which include infinite (Euclidean) facets or vertex figures: {3,4,3,3,3}, {3,3,4,3,3}, {3,3,3,4,3}, {3,4,3,3,4}, and {4,3,3,4,3}.
There are no compact regular tessellations of hyperbolic space of dimension 5 or higher and no paracompact regular tessellations in hyperbolic space of dimension 6 or higher.
Name  Schläfli Symbol {p,q,r,s,t} 
Facet type {p,q,r,s} 
4face type {p,q,r} 
Cell type {p,q} 
Face type {p} 
Cell figure {t} 
Face figure {s,t} 
Edge figure {r,s,t} 
Vertex figure {q,r,s,t} 
Dual 

5orthoplex honeycomb  {3,3,3,4,3}  {3,3,3,4}  {3,3,3}  {3,3}  {3}  {3}  {4,3}  {3,4,3}  {3,3,4,3}  {3,4,3,3,3} 
24cell honeycomb honeycomb  {3,4,3,3,3}  {3,4,3,3}  {3,4,3}  {3,4}  {3}  {3}  {3,3}  {3,3,3}  {4,3,3,3}  {3,3,3,4,3} 
16cell honeycomb honeycomb  {3,3,4,3,3}  {3,3,4,3}  {3,3,4}  {3,3}  {3}  {3}  {3,3}  {4,3,3}  {3,4,3,3}  selfdual 
Order4 24cell honeycomb honeycomb  {3,4,3,3,4}  {3,4,3,3}  {3,4,3}  {3,4}  {3}  {4}  {3,4}  {3,3,4}  {4,3,3,4}  {4,3,3,4,3} 
Tesseractic honeycomb honeycomb  {4,3,3,4,3}  {4,3,3,4}  {4,3,3}  {4,3}  {4}  {3}  {4,3}  {3,4,3}  {3,3,4,3}  {3,4,3,3,4} 
Since there are no regular star npolytopes for n ≥ 5, that could be potential cells or vertex figures, there are no more hyperbolic star honeycombs in H^{n} for n ≥ 5.
6 dimensions and higher (7apeirotopes+)[edit]
Tessellations of hyperbolic 6space and higher[edit]
There are no regular compact or paracompact tessellations of hyperbolic space of dimension 6 or higher. However, any Schläfli symbol of the form {p,q,r,s,...} not covered above (p,q,r,s,... natural numbers above 2, or infinity) will form a noncompact tessellation of hyperbolic nspace.
Compound polytopes[edit]
Two dimensional compounds[edit]
For any natural number n, there are npointed star regular polygonal stars with Schläfli symbols {n/m} for all m such that m < n/2 (strictly speaking {n/m}={n/(n−m)}) and m and n are coprime. When m and n are not coprime, the star polygon obtained will be a regular polygon with n/m sides. A new figure is obtained by rotating these regular n/mgons one vertex to the left on the original polygon until the number of vertices rotated equals n/m minus one, and combining these figures. An extreme case of this is where n/m is 2, producing a figure consisting of n/2 straight line segments; this is called a degenerate star polygon.
In other cases where n and m have a common factor, a star polygon for a lower n is obtained, and rotated versions can be combined. These figures are called star figures, improper star polygons or compound polygons. The same notation {n/m} is often used for them, although authorities such as Grünbaum (1994) regard (with some justification) the form k{n} as being more correct, where usually k = m.
A further complication comes when we compound two or more star polygons, as for example two pentagrams, differing by a rotation of 36°, inscribed in a decagon. This is correctly written in the form k{n/m}, as 2{5/2}, rather than the commonly used {10/4}.
Coxeter's extended notation for compounds is of the form c{m,n,...}[d{p,q,...}]e{s,t,...}, indicating that d distinct {p,q,...}'s together cover the vertices of {m,n,...} c times and the facets of {s,t,...} e times. If no regular {m,n,...} exists, the first part of the notation is removed, leaving [d{p,q,...}]e{s,t,...}; the opposite holds if no regular {s,t,...} exists. The dual of c{m,n,...}[d{p,q,...}]e{s,t,...} is e{t,s,...}[d{q,p,...}]c{n,m,...}. If c or e are 1, they may be omitted. For compound polygons, this notation reduces to {nk}[k{n/m}]{nk}: for example, the hexagram may be written thus as {6}[2{3}]{6}.
2{2} 
3{2} 
4{2} 
5{2} 
6{2} 
7{2} 
8{2} 
9{2} 
10{2} 
11{2} 
12{2} 
13{2} 
14{2} 
15{2}  
2{3} 
3{3} 
4{3} 
5{3} 
6{3} 
7{3} 
8{3} 
9{3} 
10{3} 
2{4} 
3{4} 
4{4} 
5{4} 
6{4} 
7{4} 
2{5} 
3{5} 
4{5} 
5{5} 
6{5} 
2{5/2} 
3{5/2} 
4{5/2} 
5{5/2} 
6{5/2} 
2{6} 
3{6} 
4{6} 
5{6}  
2{7} 
3{7} 
4{7} 
2{7/2} 
3{7/2} 
4{7/2} 
2{7/3} 
3{7/3} 
4{7/3} 
2{8} 
3{8} 
2{8/3} 
3{8/3}  
2{9} 
3{9} 
2{9/2} 
3{9/2} 
2{9/4} 
3{9/4} 
2{10} 
3{10} 
2{10/3} 
3{10/3}  
2{11} 
2{11/2} 
2{11/3} 
2{11/4} 
2{11/5} 
2{12} 
2{12/5} 
2{13} 
2{13/2} 
2{13/3} 
2{13/4} 
2{13/5} 
2{13/6}  
2{14} 
2{14/3} 
2{14/5} 
2{15} 
2{15/2} 
2{15/4} 
2{15/7} 
Regular skew polygons also create compounds, seen in the edges of prismatic compound of antiprisms, for instance:
Compound skew squares 
Compound skew hexagons 
Compound skew decagons  
Two {2}#{ }  Three {2}#{ }  Two {3}#{ }  Two {5/3}#{ } 
Three dimensional compounds[edit]
A regular polyhedron compound can be defined as a compound which, like a regular polyhedron, is vertextransitive, edgetransitive, and facetransitive. With this definition there are 5 regular compounds.
Symmetry  [4,3], O_{h}  [5,3]^{+}, I  [5,3], I_{h}  

Duality  Selfdual  Dual pairs  
Image  
Spherical  
Polyhedra  2 {3,3}  5 {3,3}  10 {3,3}  5 {4,3}  5 {3,4} 
Coxeter  {4,3}[2{3,3}]{3,4}  {5,3}[5{3,3}]{3,5}  2{5,3}[10{3,3}]2{3,5}  2{5,3}[5{4,3}]  [5{3,4}]2{3,5} 
Coxeter's notation for regular compounds is given in the table above, incorporating Schläfli symbols. The material inside the square brackets, [d{p,q}], denotes the components of the compound: d separate {p,q}'s. The material before the square brackets denotes the vertex arrangement of the compound: c{m,n}[d{p,q}] is a compound of d {p,q}'s sharing the vertices of an {m,n} counted c times. The material after the square brackets denotes the facet arrangement of the compound: [d{p,q}]e{s,t} is a compound of d {p,q}'s sharing the faces of {s,t} counted e times. These may be combined: thus c{m,n}[d{p,q}]e{s,t} is a compound of d {p,q}'s sharing the vertices of {m,n} counted c times and the faces of {s,t} counted e times. This notation can be generalised to compounds in any number of dimensions.^{[25]}
Euclidean and hyperbolic plane compounds[edit]
There are eighteen twoparameter families of regular compound tessellations of the Euclidean plane. In the hyperbolic plane, five oneparameter families and seventeen isolated cases are known, but the completeness of this listing has not yet been proven.
The Euclidean and hyperbolic compound families 2 {p,p} (4 ≤ p ≤ ∞, p an integer) are analogous to the spherical stella octangula, 2 {3,3}.
Selfdual  Duals  Selfdual  

2 {4,4}  2 {6,3}  2 {3,6}  2 {∞,∞} 
{{4,4}} or a{4,4} or {4,4}[2{4,4}]{4,4} + or 
[2{6,3}]{3,6}  a{6,3} or {6,3}[2{3,6}] + or 
{{∞,∞}} or a{∞,∞} or {4,∞}[2{∞,∞}]{∞,4} + or 
3 {6,3}  3 {3,6}  3 {∞,∞}  
2{3,6}[3{6,3}]{6,3}  {3,6}[3{3,6}]2{6,3} + + 
+ + 
Four dimensional compounds[edit]
75 {4,3,3}  75 {3,3,4} 

There are thirtytwo regular compounds of regular 4polytopes, which Coxeter lists in his book Regular Polytopes:^{[26]}
Compound  Symmetry  Vertex arrangement  Cell arrangement 

120 {3,3,3}  [5,3,3], order 14400  {5,3,3}  {3,3,5} 
5 {3,4,3}  [5,3,3], order 14400  {3,3,5}  {5,3,3} 
Compound 1  Compound 2  Symmetry  Vertex arrangement (1)  Cell arrangement (1)  Vertex arrangement (2)  Cell arrangement (2) 

3 {3,3,4}^{[27]}  3 {4,3,3}  [3,4,3], order 1152  {3,4,3}  2{3,4,3}  2{3,4,3}  {3,4,3} 
15 {3,3,4}  15 {4,3,3}  [5,3,3], order 14400  {3,3,5}  2{5,3,3}  2{3,3,5}  {5,3,3} 
75 {3,3,4}  75 {4,3,3}  [5,3,3], order 14400  5{3,3,5}  10{5,3,3}  10{3,3,5}  5{5,3,3} 
75 {3,3,4}  75 {4,3,3}  [5,3,3], order 14400  {5,3,3}  2{3,3,5}  2{5,3,3}  {3,3,5} 
300 {3,3,4}  300 {4,3,3}  [5,3,3]^{+}, order 7200  4{5,3,3}  8{3,3,5}  8{5,3,3}  4{3,3,5} 
600 {3,3,4}  600 {4,3,3}  [5,3,3], order 14400  8{5,3,3}  16{3,3,5}  16{5,3,3}  8{3,3,5} 
25 {3,4,3}  25 {3,4,3}  [5,3,3], order 14400  {5,3,3}  5{5,3,3}  5{3,3,5}  {3,3,5} 
There are two different compounds of 75 tesseracts: one shares the vertices of a 120cell, while the other shares the vertices of a 600cell. It immediately follows therefore that the corresponding dual compounds of 75 16cells are also different.
Compound  Symmetry  Vertex arrangement  Cell arrangement 

5 {5,5/2,5}  [5,3,3]^{+}, order 7200  {5,3,3}  {3,3,5} 
10 {5,5/2,5}  [5,3,3], order 14400  2{5,3,3}  2{3,3,5} 
5 {5/2,5,5/2}  [5,3,3]^{+}, order 7200  {5,3,3}  {3,3,5} 
10 {5/2,5,5/2}  [5,3,3], order 14400  2{5,3,3}  2{3,3,5} 
Compound 1  Compound 2  Symmetry  Vertex arrangement (1)  Cell arrangement (1)  Vertex arrangement (2)  Cell arrangement (2) 

5 {3,5,5/2}  5 {5/2,5,3}  [5,3,3]^{+}, order 7200  {5,3,3}  {3,3,5}  {5,3,3}  {3,3,5} 
10 {3,5,5/2}  10 {5/2,5,3}  [5,3,3], order 14400  2{5,3,3}  2{3,3,5}  2{5,3,3}  2{3,3,5} 
5 {5,5/2,3}  5 {3,5/2,5}  [5,3,3]^{+}, order 7200  {5,3,3}  {3,3,5}  {5,3,3}  {3,3,5} 
10 {5,5/2,3}  10 {3,5/2,5}  [5,3,3], order 14400  2{5,3,3}  2{3,3,5}  2{5,3,3}  2{3,3,5} 
5 {5/2,3,5}  5 {5,3,5/2}  [5,3,3]^{+}, order 7200  {5,3,3}  {3,3,5}  {5,3,3}  {3,3,5} 
10 {5/2,3,5}  10 {5,3,5/2}  [5,3,3], order 14400  2{5,3,3}  2{3,3,5}  2{5,3,3}  2{3,3,5} 
There are also fourteen partially regular compounds, that are either vertextransitive or celltransitive but not both. The seven vertextransitive partially regular compounds are the duals of the seven celltransitive partially regular compounds.
Compound 1 Vertextransitive 
Compound 2 Celltransitive 
Symmetry 

2 16cells^{[28]}  2 tesseracts  [4,3,3], order 384 
100 24cell  100 24cell  [5,3,3]^{+}, order 7200 
200 24cell  200 24cell  [5,3,3], order 14400 
5 600cell  5 120cell  [5,3,3]^{+}, order 7200 
10 600cell  10 120cell  [5,3,3], order 14400 
Compound 1 Vertextransitive 
Compound 2 Celltransitive 
Symmetry 

5 {3,3,5/2}  5 {5/2,3,3}  [5,3,3]^{+}, order 7200 
10 {3,3,5/2}  10 {5/2,3,3}  [5,3,3], order 14400 
Although the 5cell and 24cell are both selfdual, their dual compounds (the compound of two 5cells and compound of two 24cells) are not considered to be regular, unlike the compound of two tetrahedra and the various dual polygon compounds, because they are neither vertexregular nor cellregular: they are not facetings or stellations of any regular 4polytope.
Euclidean 3space compounds[edit]
The only regular Euclidean compound honeycombs are an infinite family of compounds of cubic honeycombs, all sharing vertices and faces with another cubic honeycomb. This compound can have any number of cubic honeycombs. The Coxeter notation is {4,3,4}[d{4,3,4}]{4,3,4}.
Five dimensions and higher compounds[edit]
There are no regular compounds in five or six dimensions. There are three known sevendimensional compounds (16, 240, or 480 7simplexes), and six known eightdimensional ones (16, 240, or 480 8cubes or 8orthoplexes). There is also one compound of nsimplexes in ndimensional space provided that n is one less than a power of two, and also two compounds (one of ncubes and a dual one of northoplexes) in ndimensional space if n is a power of two.
The Coxeter notation for these compounds are (using α^{n} = {3^{n−1}}, β^{n} = {3^{n−2},4}, γ_{n} = {4,3^{n−2}}:
 7simplexes: cγ_{7}[16cα_{7}]cβ_{7}, where c = 1, 15, or 30
 8orthoplexes: cγ_{8}[16cβ_{8}]
 8cubes: [16cγ_{8}]cβ_{8}
The general cases (where n = 2^{k} and d = 2^{2k − k − 1}, k = 2, 3, 4, ...):
 Simplexes: γ_{n−1}[dα_{n−1}]β_{n−1}
 Orthoplexes: γ_{n}[dβ_{n}]
 Hypercubes: [dγ_{n}]β_{n}
Euclidean honeycomb compounds[edit]
A known family of regular Euclidean compound honeycombs in five or more dimensions is an infinite family of compounds of hypercubic honeycombs, all sharing vertices and faces with another hypercubic honeycomb. This compound can have any number of hypercubic honeycombs. The Coxeter notation is δ_{n}[dδ_{n}]δ_{n} where δ_{n} = {∞} when n = 2 and {4,3^{n−3},4} when n ≥ 3.
Abstract polytopes[edit]
The abstract polytopes arose out of an attempt to study polytopes apart from the geometrical space they are embedded in. They include the tessellations of spherical, Euclidean and hyperbolic space, tessellations of other manifolds, and many other objects that do not have a welldefined topology, but instead may be characterised by their "local" topology. There are infinitely many in every dimension. See this atlas for a sample. Some notable examples of abstract regular polytopes that do not appear elsewhere in this list are the 11cell, {3,5,3}, and the 57cell, {5,3,5}, which have regular projective polyhedra as cells and vertex figures.
The elements of an abstract polyhedron are its body (the maximal element), its faces, edges, vertices and the null polytope or empty set. These abstract elements can be mapped into ordinary space or realised as geometrical figures. Some abstract polyhedra have wellformed or faithful realisations, others do not. A flag is a connected set of elements of each dimension  for a polyhedron that is the body, a face, an edge of the face, a vertex of the edge, and the null polytope. An abstract polytope is said to be regular if its combinatorial symmetries are transitive on its flags  that is to say, that any flag can be mapped onto any other under a symmetry of the polyhedron. Abstract regular polytopes remain an active area of research.
Five such regular abstract polyhedra, which can not be realised faithfully, were identified by H. S. M. Coxeter in his book Regular Polytopes (1977) and again by J. M. Wills in his paper "The combinatorially regular polyhedra of index 2" (1987).^{[29]} They are all topologically equivalent to toroids. Their construction, by arranging n faces around each vertex, can be repeated indefinitely as tilings of the hyperbolic plane. In the diagrams below, the hyperbolic tiling images have colors corresponding to those of the polyhedra images.
Polyhedron
Medial rhombic triacontahedron
Dodecadodecahedron
Medial triambic icosahedron
Ditrigonal dodecadodecahedron
Excavated dodecahedronVertex figure {5}, {5/2}
(5.5/2)^{2}
{5}, {5/2}
(5.5/3)^{3}
Faces 30 rhombi
12 pentagons
12 pentagrams
20 hexagons
12 pentagons
12 pentagrams
20 hexagrams
Tiling
{4, 5}
{5, 4}
{6, 5}
{5, 6}
{6, 6}χ −6 −6 −16 −16 −20
These occur as dual pairs as follows:
 The medial rhombic triacontahedron and dodecadodecahedron are dual to each other.
 The medial triambic icosahedron and ditrigonal dodecadodecahedron are dual to each other.
 The excavated dodecahedron is selfdual.
See also[edit]
 Polygon
 Polyhedron
 Regular polyhedron (5 regular Platonic solids and 4 Kepler–Poinsot solids)
 4polytope
 Regular 4polytope (16 regular 4polytopes, 4 convex and 10 star (Schläfli–Hess))
 Uniform 4polytope
 Tessellation
 Regular polytope
 Regular map (graph theory)
Notes[edit]
 ^ Coxeter (1973), p. 129
 ^ McMullen & Schulte (2002), p. 30
 ^ N.W. Johnson: Geometries and Transformations, (2018) ISBN 9781107103405 Chapter 11: Finite symmetry groups, 11.1 Polytopes and Honeycombs, p.224
 ^ Coxeter (1973), p. 120
 ^ Coxeter (1973), p. 124
 ^ Coxeter (1973), pp. 6667
 ^ http://www.mit.edu/~hlb/Associahedron/program.pdf
 ^ Coxeter (1973), Table I: Regular polytopes, (iii) The three regular polytopes in n dimensions (n>=5), pp. 294–295.
 ^ Abstract regular polytopes, p. 162165
 ^ Grünbaum, B.; "Regular Polyhedra—Old and New", Aeqationes mathematicae, Vol. 16 (1977), pp 1–20.
 ^ Coxeter, H. S. M. Regular Skew Polyhedra in Three and Four Dimensions. Proc. London Math. Soc. 43, 33–62, 1937.
 ^ Coxeter, Regular and SemiRegular Polytopes II 2.34)
 ^ The Symmetry of Things, 2008, Chapter 23 Objects with Primary Symmetry, Infinite Platonic Polyhedra, pp. 333–335
 ^ McMullen & Schulte (2002, p.224)
 ^ McMullen & Schulte (2002, Section 7E)
 ^ Garner, C. W. L. Regular Skew Polyhedra in Hyperbolic ThreeSpace. Can. J. Math. 19, 1179–1186, 1967. [1] Note: His paper says there are 32, but one is selfdual, leaving 31.
 ^ Coxeter, H.S.M. Regular Polytopes, (3rd edition, 1973), Dover edition, ISBN 0486614808 p. 296, Table II: Regular honeycombs
 ^ The Beauty of Geometry: Twelve Essays (1999), Dover Publications, LCCN 9935678, ISBN 0486409198 (Chapter 10, Regular Honeycombs in Hyperbolic Space)
 ^ Coxeter, H.S.M. Regular Polytopes, (3rd edition, 1973), Dover edition, ISBN 0486614808 p. 296, Table II: Regular honeycombs
 ^ The Beauty of Geometry: Twelve Essays (1999), Dover Publications, LCCN 9935678, ISBN 0486409198 (Chapter 10, Regular Honeycombs in Hyperbolic Space)
 ^ The Beauty of Geometry: Twelve Essays (1999), Dover Publications, LCCN 9935678, ISBN 0486409198 (Chapter 10, Regular Honeycombs in Hyperbolic Space)
 ^ Coxeter (1956), Table IV, p. 213.
 ^ Coxeter, H.S.M. Regular Polytopes, (3rd edition, 1973), Dover edition, ISBN 0486614808 p. 296, Table II: Regular honeycombs
 ^ The Beauty of Geometry: Twelve Essays (1999), Dover Publications, LCCN 9935678, ISBN 0486409198 (Chapter 10, Regular Honeycombs in Hyperbolic Space)
 ^ Coxeter, Harold Scott MacDonald (1973) [1948]. Regular Polytopes (Third ed.). Dover Publications. p. 48. ISBN 0486614808. OCLC 798003.
 ^ Regular polytopes, Table VII, p. 305
 ^ Klitzing, Richard. "Uniform compound stellated icositetrachoron".
 ^ Klitzing, Richard. "Uniform compound demidistesseract".
 ^ The Regular Polyhedra (of index two), David A. Richter
References[edit]
 Coxeter, H. S. M. (1956), "Regular honeycombs in hyperbolic space", Proceedings of the International Congress of Mathematicians, 1954, Amsterdam, vol. III (PDF), Amsterdam: NorthHolland Publishing Co., pp. 155–169, MR 0087114. Reprinted in Coxeter, H. S. M. (1999), The Beauty of Geometry: Twelve Essays, Mineola, NY: Dover Publications, Inc., Chapter 10, pp. 199–214, ISBN 0486409198, MR 1717154. See in particular Summary Tables II,III,IV,V, pp. 212–213 of The Beauty of Geometry.
 Coxeter, H. S. M. (1973), Regular Polytopes (Third ed.), New York: Dover Publications, Inc., MR 0370327. See in particular Tables I and II: Regular polytopes and honeycombs, pp. 294–296.
 Johnson, Norman W. (2012), "Regular inversive polytopes" (PDF), International Conference on Mathematics of Distances and Applications (July 2–5, 2012, Varna, Bulgaria), pp. 85–95 Paper 27
 McMullen, Peter; Schulte, Egon (2002), Abstract Regular Polytopes, Encyclopedia of Mathematics and its Applications, 92, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, doi:10.1017/CBO9780511546686, ISBN 0521814960, MR 1965665
 Sommerville, D. M. Y. (1958), An Introduction to the Geometry of n Dimensions, New York: Dover Publications, Inc., MR 0100239. Reprint of 1930 ed., published by E. P. Dutton. See in particular Chapter X: The Regular Polytopes.
 Visualizing Hyperbolic Honeycombs Roice Nelson, Henry Segerman, (2015) [3]
External links[edit]
 The Platonic Solids
 KeplerPoinsot Polyhedra
 Regular 4d Polytope Foldouts
 Multidimensional Glossary (Look up Hexacosichoron and Hecatonicosachoron)
 Polytope Viewer
 Polytopes and optimal packing of p points in n dimensional spheres
 An atlas of small regular polytopes
 Regular polyhedra through time I. Hubard, Polytopes, Maps and their Symmetries
Fundamental convex regular and uniform honeycombs in dimensions 29
 

Space  Family  / /  
E^{2}  Uniform tiling  {3^{[3]}}  δ_{3}  hδ_{3}  qδ_{3}  Hexagonal 
E^{3}  Uniform convex honeycomb  {3^{[4]}}  δ_{4}  hδ_{4}  qδ_{4}  
E^{4}  Uniform 4honeycomb  {3^{[5]}}  δ_{5}  hδ_{5}  qδ_{5}  24cell honeycomb 
E^{5}  Uniform 5honeycomb  {3^{[6]}}  δ_{6}  hδ_{6}  qδ_{6}  
E^{6}  Uniform 6honeycomb  {3^{[7]}}  δ_{7}  hδ_{7}  qδ_{7}  2_{22} 
E^{7}  Uniform 7honeycomb  {3^{[8]}}  δ_{8}  hδ_{8}  qδ_{8}  1_{33} • 3_{31} 
E^{8}  Uniform 8honeycomb  {3^{[9]}}  δ_{9}  hδ_{9}  qδ_{9}  1_{52} • 2_{51} • 5_{21} 
E^{9}  Uniform 9honeycomb  {3^{[10]}}  δ_{10}  hδ_{10}  qδ_{10}  
E^{n1}  Uniform (n1)honeycomb  {3^{[n]}}  δ_{n}  hδ_{n}  qδ_{n}  1_{k2} • 2_{k1} • k_{21} 