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310th Cavalry Regiment (United States)

The 310th Cavalry Regiment was a cavalry unit of the United States Army during World War I and the interwar period. It was activated in early 1918 but broken up that year to form new artillery units; the unit was recreated as a Tennessee Organized Reserve unit during the interwar period, moved to Georgia in the early 1930s. It was disbanded after the United States entered World War II. Shortly after the United States entered World War I, the regiment was constituted in the National Army on 18 May 1917, organized on 17 February 1918 at Fort Ethan Allen. However, it was broken up on 18 October and its men were used to create the 58th and 59th Field Artillery Regiments, the 20th Trench Mortar Battery. All three artillery units were demobilized at Camp Jackson on 10 February 1919. On 15 October 1921, the 58th and 59th Field Artillery and the 20th Trench Mortar Battery were reconstituted in the Organized Reserve as the 310th Cavalry Regiment, part of the 63rd Cavalry Division in the Fourth Corps Area.

The 310th was initiated on 2 February 1922 with regimental headquarters at Knoxville, 1st Squadron at Chattanooga, 2nd Squadron at Nashville. The regiment joined the division's 155th Cavalry Brigade, it was reorganized on 1 July 1929 as a three-squadron regiment, its headquarters was relocated to Athens on 22 October 1929. The entire regiment was moved to northeast Georgia; the regiment conducted summer training at Camp McClellan and Fort Oglethorpe, with the 6th Cavalry Regiment. As an alternate form of training, the 309th provided basic cavalry military instruction to civilians under the Citizens' Military Training Camp program at Fort Oglethorpe, its designated mobilization training station was Fort Oglethorpe, its primary ROTC feeder school was the University of Georgia. The regiment was disbanded on 18 October 1943, after its personnel were called up for active duty during the military buildup prior to the American entry into World War II. An unrelated reserve unit, the 310th Armored Cavalry Regiment existed after the war in California.

The 310th was commanded by the following officers: Colonel Julius T. Conrad Colonel J. Perry Fyffe Colonel Richard H. Kimball Lieutenant Colonel Robert D. McDonald Colonel Warren A. Fair Lieutenant Colonel Hugh D. Blanchard The 310th's coat of arms and distinctive unit insignia were approved on 23 September 1932, both rescinded on 2 February 1959; the distinctive unit insignia included a 1 1/8 in gold colored metal and enamel device, which consisted of a yellow shield with cut off saltires in the shape of an "X" in the center, three conjoined horse's heads over the saltires. The yellow shield symbolized the cavalry, while the saltires and the horse's heads represented the regiment's number, 310; the regimental motto, "Fidelis", was attached to the bottom of the distinctive unit insignia. The regimental coat of arms was of a similar design to the distinctive unit insignia but included the Organized Reserve's Minuteman crest above the shield and omitted the motto. Clay, Steven E.. US Army Order of Battle 1919–1941.

2. Fort Leavenworth, Kansas: Combat Studies Institute Press. ISBN 9781780399171. Sawicki, James A.. Cavalry regiments of the US Army. Dumfries, Virginia: Wyvern Publications. ISBN 9780960240463

Czechoslovakia at the 1952 Winter Olympics

Czechoslovakia competed at the 1952 Winter Olympics in Oslo, Norway. MenMen's 4 × 10 km relay The tournament was run in a round-robin format with nine teams participating. Czechoslovakia 8-2 Poland Norway 0-6 Czechoslovakia Czechoslovakia 6-1 Germany FR Canada 4-1 Czechoslovakia Czechoslovakia 11-2 Finland Czechoslovakia 8-3 Switzerland USA 6-3 Czechoslovakia Czechoslovakia 4-0 Sweden Sweden 5-3 Czechoslovakia 11 Sweden and Czechoslovakia were tied with identical record and goal differentials, so a tie breaker game was played. ContestantsSlavomír Bartoň Miloslav Blažek Václav Bubník Vlastimil Bubník Miloslav Charouzd Bronislav Danda Karel Gut Vlastimil Hajšman Jan Lidral Miroslav Nový Miloslav Ošmera Zdeněk Pýcha Miroslav Rejman Jan Richter Oldřich Sedlák Jiří Sekyra Jozef Záhorský Events: 18 km cross-country skiing normal hill ski jumpingThe cross-country skiing part of this event was combined with the main medal event, meaning that athletes competing here were skiing for two disciplines at the same time.

Details can be found above in the cross-country skiing section. The ski jumping event was held separate from the main medal event of ski jumping, results can be found in the table below

1992 Grand Prix motorcycle racing season

The 1992 Grand Prix motorcycle racing season was the 44th F. I. M. Road Racing World Championship season. Honda secured the constructor's title in all three categories. Wayne Rainey won the 1992 World Championship for the third consecutive year on a Kenny Roberts Marlboro Yamaha, however he was outshone by a dominant Michael Doohan on his Rothmans Honda, was only prevented from winning what would have been his first world title by injury. Doohan won the first four opening rounds, the first he nearly didn’t qualify for, due to tricky conditions in Suzuka, but ended up winning as Rainey crashed out in the rain. Rainey followed Doohan home in second in the following three races, still not fit due to a broken femur he had suffered at the end of the 1991 season. Daryl Beattie was third at his home race in Australia, riding as a replacement for Wayne Gardner, who injured himself in a crash in the opening round. There were podiums for Crivillé on his Honda in the third round and Niall Mackenzie on his Team France Yamaha in the fourth round after Crivillé had crashed out of third from his home race at Jerez.

The fifth round at Mugello saw one of the only races of the season where the three best riders of the era - Rainey and Kevin Schwantz were fit and able to battle it out. Schwantz had missed the third round due to injury but was able to take the victory at Mugello on his Lucky Strike Suzuki as Rainey crashed out whilst battling for the lead. Rainey did however win his first race of the season at Catalunya in round six, passing Doohan for victory with two laps remaining; the seventh round of the season saw Doohan get back to winning ways, but Rainey had to retire due to being unable to continue after riding in pain following a heavy practice fall. The eighth round at Assen proved to be crucial to the title race. Rainey left the circuit during practice, still being unable to ride comfortably, all but conceding the title to Doohan; however Doohan was to have his own crash in practice, suffering a double-fracture of his right leg and ruling him out for five races. Gardner injured himself in practice leaving the Rothmans Honda squad without a rider for the race.

Schwantz was therefore favorite for the race, but was being challenged by Cagiva’s four time world champion and veteran Eddie Lawson. Lawson took both riders out of the race with a collision, which resulted in Schwantz suffering a broken arm; the series of events left a group of riders chasing a rare victory and it was Crivillé who took the win, the first of his career. Rainey was back for the following round at the Hungaroring, but changeable weather conditions allowed Lawson to take Cagiva’s first 500cc victory, Lawson’s last in a glittering career. Rainey got back to winning ways in France for the tenth round, however Gardner took a popular win at the British round, with Rainey in second. A patch of oil into the first turn catching out several riders including high flying Schwantz, teammate Doug Chandler; the penultimate round of the season saw the return of Doohan, however he was still not fit. Rainey won the race, whilst Doohan was running in the top ten for periods, he wasn’t able to maintain the pace and finished twelfth.

In the final round Rainey needed to a two-point swing to win the world championship, although Doohan managed a sterling effort to finish sixth, Rainey’s third place was enough to secure him his third and final world title. John Kocinski, Rainey’s teammate took his only win of the season, in his last race for Marlboro Roberts Yamaha, promoted him to third in the world championship table, ahead of Schwantz. Chandler impressed in his first season in the series finishing fifth, whilst Gardner’s strong performances when fit saw him good enough for sixth. Juan Garriga was a strong seventh on a Yamaha, with Crivillé impressing in his debut season in eighth, ahead of Lawson took ninth, ahead of Randy Mamola. At the end of 1992 several of the big names of the 80's retired - Lawson and Mamola all left the sport, for different reasons; the factory Honda riders debuted the "big bang" engine, with the NSR500, where the firing order of the cylinders made the power come out in pulses. The benefit to this was in traction, allowing the tires to adhere between pulses, rather than spin because of the two-stroke 500’s peaky powerband.

Yamaha came up with their own version for the 9th round and Suzuki had it available by mid-season, though Schwantz didn't use it initially. The "big bang" concept is still used in today's four-stroke MotoGP bikes. Luca Cadalora claimed his second 250cc crown by a much larger margin than his previous title, he won five out of the first six races on his Rothmans Honda accumulating such a huge points lead that he could afford to be more conservative in the second half of the season. Fellow Italians Loris Reggiani and Pierfrancesco Chili provided Cadalora’s strongest competition. Reggiani won two races on his factory Aprilia, whilst Chili put in a number of strong performances winning three races, but failing to finish on a number of occasions, suffered the embarrassment of thinking he had claimed a podium in the fourth round at Jerez, only to realise he had slowed down prematurely and had in fact been warming down on the final lap. Helmut Bradl had a more disappointing 1992 season, having run Cadalora close for the title in the previous year, the German on the HB Honda failed to win a race, was off the pace, back in fifth in the championship standings.

1992 saw the emergence of several future 250cc stars, with Max Biaggi, Chili’s teammate, winning several pole positions and winning the final round in his debut season and impressing more and more as the season progressed. Loris Capirossi made the step up from 125s to 250s for the 1992 season, he was off the pace at the start of the season as he wasn’t

J. Anthony Holmes

J. Anthony Holmes was the Deputy to the Commander for Civil-Military Activity, U. S. Africa Command until 2012. USAFRICOM was formally stood up in October 2007, as a subunified command of EUCOM, under the command of General William E. Ward, the first commander of AFRICOM. Prior to his assignment to U. S. Africa Command, Ambassador Holmes was the Cyrus Vance Fellow in Diplomatic Studies at the Council on Foreign Relations, focusing on Africa and African Policy Issues. From 2005 to 2007, he was the elected president of the 13,700-member American Foreign Service Association, the professional association and exclusive representative of the United States Foreign Service. Ambassador Holmes served as the U. S. Ambassador to the Republic of Burkina Faso from 2002 to 2005. Resolving misunderstandings and improving the U. S.–Burkina Faso relationship, Holmes helped development of democracy and human rights, the fights against HIV/AIDS and trafficking in children. Holmes was director of the Africa Bureau's Economic Policy Office from 1999 to 2002, where he worked on an array of issues, including the HIV/AIDS pandemic and working on Africa debt policy.

Holmes has spent many of his thirty-year Foreign Service career on issues affecting Africa, including service as the economic-commercial section chief in Harare and in the economic section in Nairobi. Ambassador Holmes has worked in Egypt and in Syria. Additionally, he headed the economic sections in Singapore and Sweden and served as the deputy director of the State Department’s office of sanctions policy. Holmes holds a BA in Comparative Religion and an MA in Economic Geography from the University of Georgia, as well as an MBA from the Thunderbird School of International Management. USAFRICOM official web site

Stanisław Wygodzki

Stanisław Wygodzki was a Polish writer of Jewish origin. He published his first volume of poetry in 1933 before the Nazi occupation of Poland, during which Wygodzki was first interred in the Bedzin ghetto and in the concentration camps of Auschwitz, Dachau and Sachsenhausen, his health impacted by his experiences, Wygodzki did not resume publishing until 1947, following which he became a successful writer, publishing poetry, short stories and one novel. Wygodzki, who lost his wife and parents in Auschwitz, was one of four winners of the 1969 "Remembrance Award", awarded annually by the World Federation of Bergen-Belsen Associations for "excellence in literature on the Nazi atrocities against European Jewry". A communist in his youth, imprisoned in Poland as an adult for his communist activities, Wygodzki resettled in Israel in 1968 in response to antisemitism in the Communist Party in Poland. Socialist realism in Poland Adamczyk-Garbowska, Monica. "Stanisław Wygodzki". In S. Lillian Kremer. Holocaust literature: an encyclopedia of writers and their work.

Taylor & Francis. Pp. 1341–1343. ISBN 0-415-92984-9. Retrieved 2008-08-16. Museum of the History of Polish Jews English German Polish Russian