Blue Spring State Park
Blue Spring State Park is a state park located west of Orange City, Florida in the United States. The park is a popular tourist destination; the spring is the largest on the St. Johns River and with a warm temperature of 73 °F, the spring attracts many Florida manatees during the winter months. 102 million US gallons of water flow out of Blue Spring into the St. Johns River every day; the spring was visited by botanist John Bartram in 1766. The spring and surrounding land was acquired by the Weismore family in the mid-19th century and a large plantation-style home built upon a shell mound on the property; the area seemed to be excellent for cultivation of citrus fruit, a small railway was built linking Orange City to the dock at Blue Spring. The Florida East Coast Railway was constructed not far from the present-day park. A killing freeze occurred in the 1890s, wiping out area citrus groves and driving the industry south; the Thursbys switched to the tourist trade, taking advantage of the beautiful spring and excellent fishing and hunting opportunities along the St. Johns River.
The park was acquired by the Florida Department of Environmental Protection in 1972 to kick-start its manatee protection program. Researchers have recorded the life history of individual manatees at Blue Spring since 1978, including births and relationships. Manatees migrate to warmer spring water during the colder months in Florida, will return to the same spring every year. Manatees are identified by their scar patterns, which they acquire from boat strikes, but from fishing line entanglements, cold lesions, fungal infections; the research data collected, both in person and through live video streaming, comprises one of the world's longest running and comprehensive manatee databases in existence. Several government agencies partner to maintain a Manatee Individual Photo-Identification System for the Florida manatee. Identifications by State Park rangers and Save the Manatee Club researchers at Blue Spring have contributed a large number of sightings to this database. Blue Spring State Park has six cabins that can be rented.
The camping area is pet friendly. The spring runs a few miles long and features a boardwalk which stretches 1/3 of a mile from the St. Johns River to the headspring. All water related. Qualified Scuba divers can descend into the spring cave in season. Picnicking is a popular pastime, with multiple pavilions available for groups and scattered picnic tables around the entire park; the park features volleyball courts and a playground, as well as, canoeing and fishing. The old Thursby plantation house is being maintained and has historical displays that visitors can explore. Various wildlife besides manatees can be seen as well, including alligators, bears and various species of birds. Hontoon Island State Park is a short paddle down the St. Johns River. Food service, a water activity rental station are available for supplies List of Florida state parks Official page at Florida State Parks Friends of Blue Spring State Park St. Johns River Watershed and Blue Springs Protection - Florida DEP Water's Journey: The River Returns - Blue Springs Manatees
Lake Harris (Florida)
Lake Harris is a lake in Lake County, United States, 31 miles northwest of Orlando. It is part of the "Upper Ocklawaha River Basin" a sub-basin of the St. Johns River, it is known by locals as the "Harris Chain of Lakes" or "Ocklawaha Chain of Lakes". Lake Harris is the largest lake in Lake County, at 13,788 acres with an irregular shape when viewed from the air. An adjoining bay, Little Lake Harris, east of SR 19, is a smaller version of the lake; the combined area of the two lakes exceeds 15,000 acres. The lake's northeastern shore is a landing approach zone for the Leesburg International Airport, it is a harbor city for Leesburg, at the northwestern shore of the lake. At the westernmost point of the lake is U. S. Route 27/SR 25; the road adjoins the lake to the east. Lake Harris receives inflow, at its southwestern shore from the Palatlakaha River which originates from the Clermont Chain of lakes to the south. Other inflowing rivers include Helena Run, outflow from many small springs in Yalaha.
Lake Harris' depth is much greater than Lake Okeechobee to the south with many deeper holes and ledges. The lake is surrounded by sandhills and cypress trees; this is the part of Florida known as the'Central Florida Ridge'. This region of Florida has the highest elevations in Central Florida, reaching 312' above sea level. Compared to the rest of Florida, flat, it is quite hilly. There are three public launching ramps on Lake Harris. S. Route 27 to the west, Venetian Gardens in Leesburg and Hickory Point near the Howey-in-the-Hills bridge off SR 19. There is a small but serviceable ramp located on the east side of Little Lake Harris in the City of Astatula; the lake is ringed except for the occasional boat, dock, or seawall. The depth in these tall grasses ranges from 2–5 feet; the bottom is hard sand except for some marshy areas where the bottom is softer. These sheltered areas around the edge can offer a good place to fish during inclement weather. Lake Harris derives its name from Ebenezer Jackson Harris, a pioneer resident who lived at Yalaha on the south side of the Lake in the 1840s.
Lake Harris had been called Lake Eustis since 1823, in honor of Colonel Abraham Eustis. Another separate lake, the modern-day Lake Eustis now names a freshwater lake to the north, connected by the Dead River directly to Lake Harris; the lake was known by its Seminole name Lake Astatula. SR 19 Lake County, Florida Yalaha, Florida U. S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Lake Harris Ocklawaha River Waterhsed and Lake Harris Protection - Florida DEP
New River (Broward County, Florida)
The New River is a tidal estuary in South Florida, United States. The river is connected to the Everglades through a series of man-made canals. After passing through Fort Lauderdale, the river connects to the Atlantic Ocean at Port Everglades cut; the river is within Broward County and is composed from the junction of three main canals which originate in the Everglades, splitting off from the Miami Canal. They are the North New River Canal, which flows on the north side of State Road 84 / Interstate 595. According to a legend attributed in 1940 to the Seminoles by writers working in the Florida Writers’ Program of the Work Projects Administration, New River had appeared after a night of strong winds, loud noises, shaking ground, resulting in the Seminoles calling the river Himmarshee, meaning "new water"; the report of the Writers' Project attributed the noise and shaking to an earthquake which collapsed the roof of an underground river. Folk historian Lawrence Will relates that the Seminole name for the river was Coontie-Hatchee, for the coontie that grew along the river, that the chamber of commerce tried to change the name of the river to Himmarshee-Hatchee during the Florida land boom of the 1920s.
The English name is derived from early explorer's maps. The mouth of the river was noted for its tendency to continuously change its entry point into the Atlantic Ocean through the shifting sand of the barrier island; each time the coast was surveyed and charted the entry point would have shifted. So the location of the mouth would not be on any previous maps, from off the coast would appear as if it had just developed. With each charting, the location would be recorded with the notation "new river". Since, the name used on the maps, the name by which the first settlers came to know it, so the name stayed; the area along the New River was occupied in prehistoric times by people of the Glades culture. At the time of first contact with Europeans, Tequesta people lived in the area; the Tequesta were gone by the middle of the 18th century. In 1788 Bahamians Charles and Frankee Lewis had established the earliest settlement along the river; the settlers fled the area with the start of the Second Seminole War, the U.
S. Army built; the first fort was where the South Forks joined. The fort was moved to Tarpon Bend, to the barrier island near present-day Bahia Mar. A trading post established in the 1890s by Frank Stranahan at a ferry crossing of the New River became the nucleus of the city of Fort Lauderdale. Years Mrs. Ivy Stranahan recollected that in the early days of the trading post, the New River was so clear that fish and large sharks could be seen in its depths. Prior to the 20th century, the New River originated as two streams, the North Fork and South Fork, which merged and connected directly to the Atlantic Ocean via the now defunct New River Inlet; the river was modified in the first half of the 20th century. The North Fork was extended as the C-12 Canal along present-day Sunrise Boulevard, while the South Fork was extended by two canals: the G-15 or North New River Canal and the C-11 or South New River Canal, which connects to the Miami Canal; the South New River Canal connects to the Dania Cutoff Canal, which leads eastward from the C-11 canal to the Intracoastal Waterway.
Snow-Reed Swing Bridge Summerfield Boat Works Media related to New River at Wikimedia Commons
The Halifax River is part of the Atlantic Intracoastal Waterway, located in northeast Volusia County, Florida. The waterway was known as the North Mosquito River, but was renamed after George Montagu-Dunk, 2nd Earl of Halifax, during the British occupation of Florida; the Halifax River originates at Tomoka Bay, at the confluence of the Tomoka River, Bulow Creek, Halifax Creek, adjoining Tomoka State Park. The Halifax River's drainage basin includes most of eastern Volusia County, which includes the flow from the Tomoka River and Halifax Creek; the total area covered is 1008.3 km². Water flows south for a distance of 25 miles; the Halifax River merges with Spruce Creek and the Mosquito Lagoon just before it connects to the Atlantic Ocean via the Ponce de Leon Inlet. The Halifax River runs through the cities of Ormond Beach, Daytona Beach, it runs next to the Jackie Robinson Ballpark on City Island and the Ponce de Leon Inlet Lighthouse. The Halifax Harbor Marina is located on the waterway as well.
The Halifax River runs through two cities, past four cities and one town, was used to define portions of these cities' borders. The middle of the riverbed at the time the borders were established was the line to define the borders between cities; the cities below have either historic significance or cultural lore connecting them to the Halifax River. They are ordered from the beginning of the river to its end. Ormond Beach, Florida - Named after James Ormond, an early settler who arrived in 1807 and took a Spanish land grant; the area was chosen in 1873 by the Corbin Lock Company of New Britain, Connecticut, as a winter haven for their employees. Most of the early settlers were from Connecticut; the Town of Ormond-By-The-Halifax was incorporated on April 22, 1880. Holly Hill, Florida - Located on the mainland north of Daytona Beach, the area was settled in 1876. Incorporated on July 1, 1901, the city was named by its founder, William Samuel Fleming Sr. because of its similarity to his Irish Holywood home.
Daytona Beach, Florida - Named after Mathias Day of Mansfield, who bought land on the Halifax River in 1870, developed the land into a settlement. Many of the early settlers were from Ohio; the town of Daytona was incorporated in 1876. 50 years in 1926, the separate towns of Daytona, Daytona Beach, Seabreeze merged into the present City of Daytona Beach. South Daytona, Florida - Originally known as Blake, located on the mainland south of Daytona Beach, this community was settled circa 1886 and was granted a Post Office in 1887. Blake remained unincorporated until 1926; the residents decided to fight annexation in the courts, until they were able to form their own city in 1938. The small community incorporated as the City of South Daytona, thus becoming another namesake of Mathias Day. Daytona Beach Shores, Florida - This new, small community is located on the beach peninsula, south of Daytona Beach; the community was formed in 1960 by a group of moteliers. The City incorporated in 1967 as Daytona Beach Shores.
Called "The Shores" by local residents to avoid confusion. Port Orange, Florida Ponce Inlet, Florida There are six bridges along the river, including two bascule bridges, they are ordered from north to south. Granada Bridge - The first bridge to cross the Halifax River opened here in 1887, connecting two parts of Ormond Beach, mainland to the beach peninsula. A bridge, the Rockefeller Memorial Bridge, a bascule bridge, opened on March 2, 1954; this was replaced by the present high clearance bridge in 1983. Seabreeze Bridge - The first Seabreeze Bridge was built in 1902, connecting what was known as Ocean Blvd. in Seabreeze to Mason Ave. in Daytona on the mainland. The original bridge was constructed by the Post family who settled the town of Seabreeze. In 1926, Seabreeze was incorporated into Daytona Beach, the bridge was sold to the bridge authority. In 1942, it was found to be in disrepair vehicular traffic was no longer permitted, only regulated pedestrian usage, it was determined that the water opening was the smallest on the Eastern seaboard as well, so plans came to replace it.
A two-lane bascule bridge was opened in 1950 to replace the older bridge. A pair of high clearance bridges were built to replace the drawbridge in 1997; the westbound bridge connects with Seabreeze Blvd. and the eastbound span connects with Oakridge Blvd. Main Street Bridge - The first bridge at this location was opened in 1888; the bridge connected Fairview Avenue from mainland Daytona to Seabreeze Avenue in old Daytona Beach. In 1959, a bascule bridge was constructed as a replacement. Broadway Bridge - The first span at this location was built in 1912. In 1947, the Broadway Bascule Bridge was built, connecting Volusia Avenue on the Mainland to Broadway Avenue on the beach peninsula. In 2001, a new high-span Broadway Bridge was dedicated to replace the old drawbridge; the new bridge is more famous for its flair than its purpose. Veterans Memorial Bridge - The "South Bridge" from old Daytona near City Island to old Daytona Beach on the peninsula was built in 1899 with assistance from Henry M. Flagler.
The bridge connected Orange Avenue from the Mainland to Silver Beach Avenue on the Peninsula. A replacement bascule bridge was constructed in 1954, was renamed the Veterans Memorial Bridge in 1
The Pottsburg Creek is an urban creek in Jacksonville, Florida. Its beginning is near a retention pond behind the old studios of WJXX, it outputs into the Arlington River. The creek flows through the heart of Jacksonville's Southside, through southern parts of the Arlington neighborhood; the Pottsburg Creek originates in the Southpoint section of Jacksonville's Southside. The origins of the pond are unknown, most ideas point to a retention pond near a television studio used by ABC affiliate WJXX. Historical records of Spanish land grants filed with the Florida territorial government, such as for the plot owned by Peter Bagley, indicate a tributary of the Arlington River named Pottsburg Creek on maps of the area as early as 1824; the creek starts out as narrow, swamplike canal. The creek travels under busy J. Turner Butler Blvd. Heading north; the creek here is overgrown, impossible to see while driving at the normal speed limit. The creek meanders north through suburban parts of Jacksonville, being fed directly or indirectly by heavy amounts of pollution and fertilizers.
Many retention ponds and storm drains owned by JEA, the utility company, feed into this part of the creek. This creates a fluctuating water level through this section; the creek continues north where it approaches U. S. 90/SR 212/Beach Blvd. Located along the creeks are several television transmitters, including ones for WFOX-TV, WJAX-TV, WCWJ; the transmitters for WTLV, WJXT, the digital transmitter for WJXX are visible nearby, across busy Southside Blvd. This area is known as Killarney Shores; the creek begins to widen as it starts to head out into Arlington. The creek is frequented by boat traffic due to the city boat ramp nearby. Soon the creek is joined by the spring run for the Little Pottsburg Creek; the creek widens more as it passes under Atlantic Blvd. and out to the St. Johns River; the Pottsburg Creek is fed by rainwater, retention ponds, storm drain runoff. Other named tributaries include the Little Pottsburg Creek, Strawberry Creek, Silversmith Creek, discharge from the Pottsburg Spring.
List of rivers of Florida
St. Lucie River
The St. Lucie River is a 7-mile-long estuary linked to a coastal river system in St. Lucie and Martin counties in the Florida, United States; the St. Lucie River and St. Lucie Estuary are an "ecological jewel" of the Treasure Coast, central to the health and well-being of the surrounding communities; the river is part of the larger Indian River Lagoon system, the most diverse estuarine environment in North America with more than 4,000 plant and animal species, including manatees, dolphins, sea turtles and seahorses. The St. Lucie was a freshwater river with no connection to either the Atlantic Ocean or Lake Okeechobee. Beginning in the late 19th century, the river and its watershed underwent a series of modifications for navigation, flood control and water supply purposes; the North Fork of the St. Lucie River flows south from St Lucie County into Martin County where it joins the north-flowing South Fork, once called the Halpatiokee River, just south of the old Roosevelt Bridge in Stuart to form the main St. Lucie River.
It passes under the Florida East Coast Railway drawbridge and the new high-level Roosevelt Bridge and flows east with Rio on the north side and Stuart on the south until it reaches the northern end of the Sewall's Point peninsula, where it runs south under the Evans Crary Bridge to the end of Sewall's Point, where it flows into the Indian River Lagoon directly west of the St. Lucie Inlet which goes into the Atlantic Ocean; the entire river is accessible to Lake Okeechobee by the Okeechobee Waterway. The main river passes through Sewall's Point, Port Salerno and Jensen Beach; the South Fork passes through Palm City. Although brackish for most of its length, the salt content of the South Fork diminishes south of the Kanner Highway bridge; the headwaters of the South Fork are located in ranchland and scrub forest to the east of I-95 and northwest of Hobe Sound. The North Fork passes through Port Saint White City. A Club Med resort lies on the eastern shore of the North Fork of the river at Greenridge Point.
The North Fork is brackish along most of its length, but takes on the character of a fresh-water creek from White City northward. The headwaters of the North Fork are in the farmlands of St. Lucie County near Interstate 95 at an elevation of 20 feet above sea level. In 2016, 237 billion gallons of water was discharged into the St. Lucie River from Lake Okeechobee by the U. S. Army Corps of Engineers between January and November. In 2013, the U. S. Army Corps of Engineers dumped 137 billion gallons of water into the St. Lucie River from Lake Okeechobee; the USACE noted they "do share the concern about the quality of the water being released" but noted that poor water quality was the state's fault in a release called "setting the record straight." Historic modifications to St. Lucie River, most notably digging of the Okeechobee Waterway, connections with the C-24 and C-23 drainage canals, the associated water control structures, have had impacted water quality throughout the river basin. Intermittent freshwater discharges from Lake Okeechobee have negatively affected the river itself and the connected Indian River Lagoon.
The impact takes several forms. First, this water tends to be rich in nutrients as a result of agricultural runoff, thus has a tendency to cause algae blooms and other imbalances. Second, it contains pollutants found in street runoff and other urban sources, which are carried south by the Kissimmee River from the southern Orlando suburbs into Lake Okeechobee. Third, it is a source of turbidity and particulates that settle along the river bottom as a layer of muck. Fourth, the freshwater brings in high levels of humid substances that limit how far below the surface light can reach, affecting plant and animal life; the discharges radically reduce salinity levels, making the river temporarily uninhabitable by fauna and flora that are intolerant to fresh water. In 2013, heavy rains in southern Florida resulted in high runoff into the lake. S. Army Corps of Engineers to release large volumes of polluted water from the lake through the St. Lucie River estuary to the east and the Caloosahatchee River estuary to the west.
Thus the normal mix of fresh and salt water in those estuaries was replaced by a flood of polluted fresh water resulting in ecological damage. Harmful algal blooms have been documented in the St. Lucie River since the early 1980s; these blooms occur as the result of nutrient pollution and degraded water quality, their growth is further stimulated by high temperatures. In 2016, the river experienced the flourishing of extensive algae blooms, along with Lake Okeechobee and the Caloosahatchee River; the cyanobacteria, or blue-green algae, causes numerous severe health consequences for the marine ecosystem as well surrounding human populations. Blooms result in reduced dissolved oxygen concentrations, alterations in aquatic food webs, algal scum lining the shores, the production of compounds that cause distasteful drinking water and fish flesh, the production of toxins severe enough to poison aquatic as well as terrestrial organisms. Blooms have been reported throughout the continental United States, resulting cyanotoxins have been associated with human and animal illness and death in at least 43 states.
Most cyanobacteria produce the neurotoxin beta-N-methylamino-l-alanine, implicated as a significant environmental risk in the development of neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis. The cyanobacteria has been linked to liver cancer, chronic fatigue illness, skin rashes, abdominal cramps, nausea and vomiting; the ecosystem h
Silver River (Florida)
The Silver River is a short spring-fed river located east of Ocala in Marion County, Florida. Fed by Silver Springs, it connects the springs to the Ocklawaha River, passing through a pristine woodland environment; the river was named for its silvery appearance. The Silver River drains Silver Springs, located in the Silver Springs Nature Theme Park in Silver Springs, Florida 6 miles east of Ocala, Florida; the river flows east from the springs, being joined by an unnamed tributary creek from the north just east of the park, for 4.5 miles before joining the Ocklawaha River just south of the Bert Dosh Memorial Bridge. The Silver River flows through an undeveloped woodland just to the west of the Ocala National Forest. Many types of turtles are found in the Silver River, while ospreys and anhingas breed along its banks. Rhesus monkeys were released at Silver Springs in the 1930s, became feral; the Silver River is designated under the Outstanding Florida Waters program. The first known human settlement in the Silver River area was by the Timucua people.
The springs became a tourist attraction in the 1870s. The river steamer Metamora sank near the Silver River's mouth in 1903; the parks around the river's source, Silver Springs State Park and the historic Silver Springs attraction, are noted tourist destinations.