The Judith River is a tributary of the Missouri River 124 mi long, running through central Montana in the United States. It flows northeast past Utica and Hobson, it is joined by Dry Wolf Creek in northern Fergus County, itself joins the Missouri in the White Cliffs Area 18 mi northwest of Winifred. The river gives its name to the Judith River Group of the late Cretaceous, a notable area for excavation of dinosaur fossils that stretches from Montana into southeastern Alberta and southwestern Saskatchewan; the river was named by William Clark. William Clark came across a stream which he considered clear and pretty, named it the Judith River, in honor of a young girl back in Virginia he hoped would marry him some day, it is known for its large amount of Cretaceous dinosaur fossils, including those of Tyrannosaurus and Edmontosaurus. The Judith is a Class I river from the confluence with Big Spring Creek to its confluence with the Missouri River for public access for recreational purposes; the Crow tribe called this waterway Buluhpa’ashe.
Capt. Meriwether Lewis named this central Montana river the Bighorn. On May 20, 1805, Capt. William Clark renamed it in honor of Julia Hancock. Beginning in the 1880s, the area surrounding the Judith River at Judith Landing was home to two large ranching operations: the DHS Ranch of A. J. and Erwin Davis, Samuel T. Hauser, Granville Stuart. Power and G. R. Norris. White Eagle, "the last major Chief of the Gros Ventre people", died "at the mouth of the Judith River" on February 9, 1881. List of rivers of Montana Montana Stream Access Law Upper Missouri River National Monument Montana relief map showing Judith River Additional Information and Photos of the Judith River Montana Historical Society
Triple Divide Peak (Montana)
Triple Divide Peak is located in the Lewis Range, part of the Rocky Mountains in North America. The peak is a feature of Glacier National Park in the state of Montana in the United States; the summit of the peak, the hydrological apex of the North American continent, is the point where two of the principal continental divides in North America converge, the Continental Divide of the Americas and the Northern or Laurentian Divide. Water that falls at the summit can flow either to the Atlantic, or Arctic oceans; the International Hydrographic Organization defines the Hudson Bay, with its outlet extending from 62.5 to 66.5 degrees north as being part of the Arctic Ocean "Arctic Ocean Subdivision 9.11." Discounting Antarctica and its ice sheets, only one other continent borders three oceans, but the inward-draining endorheic basin area of Central Asia from western China to the Aral and Caspian Seas is so vast that any Arctic and Indian Ocean tributaries are never within proximity of each other. Thus, North America's status of having a single location draining into three oceans is unique in the world.
Rainfall on the southwestern side of the peak enters Pacific Creek, which in turn enters Nyack Creek, the Middle Fork of the Flathead River, the Flathead River through Flathead Lake, the Clark Fork River into Pend Oreille Lake, the Pend Oreille River, the Columbia River which empties into the Pacific near Astoria, Oregon. The northern slope of the mountain sheds water into Hudson Bay Creek, which drains into Medicine Owl Creek and Red Eagle Creek, it empties into Saint Mary Lake, which feeds the St. Mary River, which in turn flows into the Oldman River, the South Saskatchewan River, the Saskatchewan River, the Lake Winnipeg system, drained by the Nelson River which empties into Hudson Bay. Moisture on the southeastern slopes feeds into Atlantic Creek, which in turn enters the North Fork of Cut Bank Creek, Cut Bank Creek, the Marias River, the Missouri River which joins the Mississippi River before emptying into the Atlantic's Gulf of Mexico near New Orleans; the Lewis Range was formed in the Lewis Overthrust, some 170 million years ago, when an enormous slab of Precambrian rock faulted and slid over younger rocks from the Cretaceous period.
List of mountains and mountain ranges of Glacier National Park Climbing Triple Divide Peak
The Yellowstone River is a tributary of the Missouri River 692 miles long, in the western United States. Considered the principal tributary of the upper Missouri, the river and its tributaries drain a wide area stretching from the Rocky Mountains in the vicinity of the Yellowstone National Park across the mountains and high plains of southern Montana and northern Wyoming; the Yellowstone River Watershed is a river basin spanning 37,167 square miles across Montana, with minor extensions into Wyoming and North Dakota toward headwaters and terminus, respectively. The Yellowstone Basin Watershed contains a system of rivers, including the Yellowstone River, four tributary basins: the Clarks Fork Yellowstone, Wind River and Bighorn River, Tongue River, Powder River; these rivers form tributaries to the Missouri River. The mainstem of the Yellowstone River is more than 700 miles long. At the headwaters, elevations exceed 12,800 feet above sea level and descends to 1,850 feet at the confluence with the Missouri River in North Dakota.
The watershed spans 34,167 square miles. The area contains many lakes, including Yellowstone Lake. There are no storage dams located on the mainstem of the Yellowstone River. However, the watershed contains five major reservoirs: Bull Lake, Buffalo, Tongue River, Lake De Smet reservoirs; the river rises in northwestern Wyoming in the Absaroka Range, on the Continental Divide in southwestern Park County. The river starts where the South Fork of the Yellowstone River converge; the North Fork, the larger of the two forks, flows from Younts Peak. The South Fork flows from the southern slopes of Thorofare Mountain; the Yellowstone River flows northward through Yellowstone National Park and draining Yellowstone Lake dropping over the Upper and Lower Yellowstone Falls at the head of the Grand Canyon of the Yellowstone within the confines of the park. After passing through the Black Canyon of the Yellowstone downstream of the Grand Canyon, the river flows northward into Montana between the northern Absaroka Range and the Gallatin Range in Paradise Valley.
The river emerges from the mountains near the town of Livingston, where it turns eastward and northeastward, flowing across the northern Great Plains past the city of Billings. East of Billings, it is joined by the Bighorn River. Further downriver, it is joined by the Tongue near Miles City, by the Powder in eastern Montana, it flows into North Dakota just upstream from Lake Sakakawea. In Montana the river has been used extensively for irrigation since the 1860s. In its upper reaches, within Yellowstone Park and the mountains of Montana, it is a popular destination for fly fishing; the Yellowstone is a Class I river from the Yellowstone National Park boundary to the North Dakota border for the purposes of stream access for recreational purposes. The division of water rights to the entire Yellowstone River Basin among Wyoming and North Dakota, governed by a 1950 compact, was disputed in a 2010 lawsuit brought directly in the U. S. Supreme Court by Montana against Wyoming. Oral argument took place in January 2011.
On May 2, 2011, the Court held 7-2 that Montana had no valid claim for diminution of its water, since Wyoming was irrigating the same acreage as always, albeit by a more modern method that returned less runoff to go downstream to Montana. The name is believed to have been derived from the Minnetaree Indian name Mi tse a-da-zi. Common lore states that the name came from the yellow-colored rocks along the Grand Canyon of the Yellowstone, but the Minnetaree never lived along the upper stretches of the Yellowstone; some scholars think that the river was named after yellow-colored sandstone bluffs on the lower Yellowstone, instead. The Crow Indians, who lived along the upper Yellowstone in Southern Montana, called it E-chee-dick-karsh-ah-shay. Translating the Minnetaree name, French trappers called the river Roche Jaune, a name used by mountain men until the mid-19th century. Independently and Clark recorded the English translation of Yellow Stone for the river, after encountering the Minnetaree in 1805.
With expanding settlement by people from the United States, the English name became the most used. The river was explored in 1806 by William Clark during the return voyage of the Lewis and Clark Expedition. Clark's Fork of the river was named for him. Most of the natural features of the Yellowstone Valley that were not named by Lewis and Clark were named by pioneer steamboat captain Grant Marsh. Marsh was selected by the Army for an exploratory expedition in 1873 on his boat the Key West. Marsh kept a detailed log, the names he bestowed were recorded by a representative of the War Department and applied on official maps; these include:- Forsyth Butte, named in honor of Brevet Brig. Gen. George Alexander Forsyth, commander of the expedition. - Cut Nose Butte, Chimney Rock and Diamond Island, for their resemblance to these objects. - Seven Sisters Islands, in remembrance of Captain Marsh's seven sisters. - Crittenden Island, for General T. L. Crittenden, who commanded the 17th Infantry, garrisoned at posts along the Missouri River.
- Mary Island, for the chambermaid on the Key West, wife of the steward, "Dutch Jake." - Reno Island, for Major Marcus A. Reno, of the 7th Cavalry. - Schindel Island, for Major M. Bryant, commanding t
Red Rock River (Montana)
The Red Rock River is a 70-mile river in southwestern Montana in the United States. Its drainage basin covers over 1,548 square miles, its furthest tributary, Hell Roaring Creek, originates in the Beaverhead National Forest within a few hundred meters of the North American Continental Divide and Montana-Idaho border near Brower's Spring, at an elevation of about 9,100 feet. Brower's Spring is near the furthest headwaters of the Missouri River, one of the major watercourses of the central United States; the drainage flows north and west with its name changing to "Red Rock Creek" into the Red Rock Lakes in the middle of a wide grassy valley. It flows west, receiving many tributaries such as Peet Creek and Long Creek, widening into the Lima Reservoir and passing through a canyon, which ends near Lima, Montana. From there, it flows northwest through a valley, passing Kidd and Red Rock, into Clark Canyon Reservoir. Under the waters of the lake was once the confluence of the Red Rock and Horse Prairie Creek, forming the Beaverhead River, a tributary of the Jefferson River, in turn a headwater of the Missouri River.
Jefferson River Watershed Council — The mission of the Jefferson River Watershed Council is to coordinate efforts, through a spirit of community cooperation and sharing, that will enhance and protect the natural resources, quality of life, economic vitality of the Jefferson River watershed. Trout Unlimited — Trout Unlimited's mission is to conserve and restore North America's coldwater fisheries and their watersheds. Western Watersheds Project — The mission of Western Watersheds Project is to protect and restore western watersheds and wildlife through education, public policy initiatives and litigation. Montana River Action — The clean flowing waters of Montana belong to the people and are held in trust by the State for a pollution-free healthful environment guaranteed by our Montana Constitution. Montana River Action's mission is to protect and restore rivers and other water bodies. List of rivers of Montana Montana Stream Access Law
DePuy Spring Creek
DePuy Spring Creek is a three mile long trout fishery located between the Absaroka and Gallatin mountain ranges in Paradise Valley, south of Livingston, Montana. The creek is a small tributary of the Yellowstone River; this fishery supports a population of Yellowstone cutthroat and rainbow trout. Walinchus, Rod. Fly Fishing The Yellowstone River. Boulder, CO: Pruett Publishing. ISBN 0-87108-861-4. Hughes, Dave; the Yellowstone River and its Angling. Portland, OR: Frank Amato Publications. ISBN 1-878175-23-8. Graetz, Rick. Montana's Yellowstone River - From the Teton Wilderness to the Missouri. Helena, MT: Northern Rockies Publishing. ISBN 1-891152-16-5. Ford, Pat. Best Fly-Fishing Trips Money Can Buy. Mechanicsburg, PA: Stakepole Books. ISBN 0-8117-0179-4
East Gallatin River
The East Gallatin River flows 42 miles in a northwesterly direction through the Gallatin valley, Gallatin County, Montana. Rising from the confluence of Rocky Creek and several other small streams, the East Gallatin begins about one mile east of downtown Bozeman, Montana; the river joins the main stem of the Gallatin River 2.3 miles north of Montana. Throughout its course, the river traverses valley floor ranch and farm land with typical summer flows of 50 cu ft/s; the East Gallatin river is a popular trout fishing stream and holds good populations of rainbow and brown trout as well as mountain whitefish. Access is limited to country road crossings and two public assess sites maintained by the Montana Fish and Parks department. Numerous spring creeks, most notably Ben Hart and Thompson, feed the East Gallatin throughout its course and provide excellent trout fishing as well. List of rivers of Montana Montana Stream Access Law Fly fishing John. Montana Fly-Fishing Guide-East. Guilford, CT: The Lyons Press.
The Dearborn River is a tributary of the Missouri River 70 mi long, in central Montana in the United States. It rises in the Lewis and Clark National Forest, near Scapegoat Mountain in the Lewis and Clark Range of the Rocky Mountains at the continental divide, in western Lewis and Clark County, it flows southeast through secluded canyons, joins the Missouri near Craig. It is crossed by the Dearborn River High Bridge, constructed in 1897, it is a popular destination for whitewater fly fishing. Whirling disease has become a significant problem among trout in the river; the Dearborn is a Class I river for stream access for recreational purposes from the highway 431 bridge to its confluence with the Missouri river. List of rivers of Montana Montana Stream Access Law