Quantico Creek is a 13.7-mile-long tidal tributary of the Potomac River in eastern Prince William County, Virginia. Quantico Creek rises southeast of Independent Hill, flows through Prince William Forest Park and Dumfries and empties into the Potomac at Possum Point. John Smith in 1608 reported the existence of a Doeg community called Pamacocack on the banks of this creek, as well as on the directly opposite side of the Potomac; this is thought to be a candidate for the place Henry Spelman was found living among the natives, which he reported was named "Nacottawtanke, but by our english cald Camocacocke". Early land patents spell the name of the creek variously as Quancico, Quantecot, Quanticoke and Quanticutt. In 1690, settler Richard Gibson erected a gristmill on Quantico Creek near what is now the town of Dumfries. Scottish settlers established a settlement and port on the estuary of Quantico Creek downstream after the bars to Virginia's profitable tobacco trade were lifted by the Navigation Law of 1707.
West of that port, the land was cleared of its timber and was planted with crops such as cotton and tobacco. These cash crops were harvested and shipped out through the port of Dumfries at the head of the Quantico harbor. A customhouse and warehouse followed in 1731, many others cropped up along the estuary by 1732; the growth of tobacco caused the area around the creek to erode, the creek was filled with silt. The mid-19th century saw the development of some mining operations along the creek, consisting of the Greenwood Gold Mine, located at the headwaters of the North Branch near Independent Hill, the Cabin Branch Pyrite Mine, located about 1 mile west of Dumfries and now within the Park. Both mines were significant sources of pollution on the creek; the pyrite mine was a source of sulfuric acid, formed from the natural breakdown of pyrite, while mercury was used extensively in the gold extraction process. At one point, the water in the creek was nearly as acidic as vinegar. Both mines have since undergone significant reclamation to restore the creek and its surroundings to an acceptable state of health within the park.
Today, the creek is not navigable because of silting in. Most of its watershed lies in the town of Dumfries; the mines are no longer in operation. A power plant on Possum Point uses the water from the creek to cool itself. Several communities, some extinct, lie near Quantico Creek. Communities are listed from the Quantico's source to its mouth on the Potomac. Independent Hill Hickory Ridge Batestown Triangle Dumfries Quantico, site of the Marine Corps Base Quantico Prince William Conservation Alliance Prince William Soil & Water Conservation District List of rivers of Virginia "A Ground Electromagnetic Survey Used to Map Sulfides and Acid Sulfate Ground Waters at the Abandoned Cabin Branch Mine, Prince William Forest Park, Northern Virginia Gold-Pyrite Belt" by Jeff Wynn, U. S. Geological Survey, Reston, VA 20192, retrieved April 7, 2006
The Quaket River is a tidal inlet, in the U. S. state of Rhode Island. It flows 1 km from the mouth of Nannaquaket Pond into the Sakonnet River, it is located within the town of Tiverton, Rhode Island. Nannaquaket Road in Tiverton is the only crossing over the Quaket River; the Quaket River has no direct named tributaries, however Nannaquaket Pond is fed by Quaket Creek, Sin-and-Flesh Brook and White Wine Brook. List of rivers in Rhode Island Sakonnet River Maps from the United States Geological Survey
The Quashnet River known as Quoshnet River or Moonakis River, is a 5.1-mile-long estuary in Falmouth, Massachusetts on Cape Cod. Its area is about 1-square-mile; the river is connected by ditch to John's Pond in Mashpee, just north of today's Route 28. It is fed by groundwater and flows south, gaining water as it goes, into Waquoit Bay which flows into Nantucket Sound. During colonial times it was known for its abundant brook trout but was dammed in the mid-19th century for water power. After the mills burned and the dam was breached, the valley was converted to cranberry cultivation in the early 20th century. Cranberry production stopped in the 1950s, the cranberry bogs were abandoned; the land was purchased by the Commonwealth of Massachusetts beginning in the late 1950s, Trout Unlimited and other organizations began to restore the river to trout-quality in the 1970s. Today the river is an important migratory fish run for alewife and salter brook trout, home to herring and eels, is Waquoit Bay's largest source of fresh water.
Additional portions of its watershed were purchased through the years by various entities. The area is now a wildlife management and conservation preserve managed by the Waquoit Bay National Estuarine Research Reserve. Environmental Protection Agency Waquoit Bay National Estuarine Research Reserve Trout Unlimited
The Quillayute River is a river situated on the Olympic Peninsula in Washington. It empties to the Pacific Ocean at Washington; the Quillayute River is formed by the confluence of the Bogachiel River and the Sol Duc River. The Dickey River joins the Quillayute just above the river's mouth on the Pacific Ocean. Although the Quillayute is one of the main rivers on the Olympic Peninsula and has a large drainage area, due to an unusual naming arrangement it is very short, being only about 4 miles long. At the confluence of the Sol Duc and Bogachiel rivers the use of the Quillayute name ends, although the river continues far into the interior; the Quillayute River is the current and ancestral center of the territory of the Quileute Native Tribe, which before European settlement occupied the entire drainage basin. Presently the natives live at the town of La Push on their small treaty reservation which adjoins the south shore of the river at the mouth; the final 2 to 3 miles at the mouth of the Quillayute pass through the narrow coastal strip of the Olympic National Park.
Park roads lead to the Rialto Beach recreation area on the north side of the Quillayute. There are camping and picnicing facilities, public parking, trailhead access to the coastal wilderness strip north of the river. List of Washington rivers Quillayute Canyon
The Quinapoxet River is part of the Nashua River watershed in northern Massachusetts in the United States. It is part of the Massachusetts Water Resources Authority water system supplying drinking water to the greater Boston area; the uppermost tributaries of the Quinapoxet River rise in the town of Princeton, the watershed known as the Upper Worcester Plateau, or the Monadnock Upland. This watershed tops at the highest feature in the area. Water flowing east from this high ground feeds the Nashua River watershed, water flowing west feeds the Ware River or the Millers River watersheds, heading to the Connecticut River; the Quinapoxet Dam in Holden impounds 1,100.0 million US gallons in the Quinapoxet Reservoir, a Worcester drinking water supply. Below the dam, the Quinapoxet River flows 7.9 miles east to the Wachusett Reservoir, joining the Stillwater River in the Oakdale section of West Boylston. The city of Worcester can divert up to 36% of the Quinapoxet River water; the Quinapoxet Dam is an earthen dam with a concrete spillway.
The outflow is not adjustable, so the reservoir only supplies excess water to the Quinapoxet River. Research has been conducted on; the Quinapoxet and Stillwater rivers are the two major tributaries to the Wachusett Reservoir, which serves as the primary source of water for 2.5 million consumers in 43 communities of central and eastern Massachusetts. The U. S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the Massachusetts Department of Conservation and Recreation, operates stream-flow monitoring gages near the mouths of both rivers; this and other continuous monitoring serves to maintain the overall quality of water within the reservoir. The water of these tributaries to the Wachusett Reservoir has been of high quality for decades. About 35% of the Quinapoxet sub-basin is protected open space; the City of Worcester owns the land that surrounds each of its reservoirs and 25% of its entire water supply watershed. It is a protected forest with no public access. Furthermore, the Massachusetts Water Resource Authority owns much of the land.
The Town of Holden owns over 600 acres as the Trout Brook Conservation Area, the Massachusetts Audubon Society owns several hundred acres in the Wachusett Meadow Wildlife Sanctuary, in addition to other properties within this sub-basin. The lower Quinapoxet rates on alert for biology and hydrology. Chaffins Brook is considered a "moderately septic polluted stream", its lower reach has noxious aquatic plants in an impoundment. Trout Brook in Holden is considered to have limited disturbance. There are a number of medium yield aquifers surrounding Holden center, to protect this resource the town has passed an aquifer protection bylaw. List of rivers of Massachusetts Stillwater River monitoring at Wachusett Reservoir Quinapoxet River information Quinapoxet River monitoring at Canada Mills Court order and statement of facts about MWRA facilities
The Quinault River is a 69-mile long river located on the Olympic Peninsula in the U. S. state of Washington. It originates deep in the Olympic Mountains in the Olympic National Park, it flows southwest through the "Enchanted Valley" to opposite Quinault Canyon. Several miles above Lake Quinault the river is joined by its main tributary, the North Fork Quinault River; the main stem Quinault River above this confluence is sometimes called the East Fork Quinault River. Below the confluence the river marks the boundary of Olympic National Park for several miles before emptying into Lake Quinault. After the lake, the Quinault River flows southwest. From Lake Quinault to the ocean, the river is contained within the Quinault Indian Reservation; the Quinault River's drainage basin is 188 square miles in area. Its main tributaries include the North Fork Quinault River, Graves Creek, Fox Creek, Cook Creek. A well maintained trail follows the East Fork of the Quinault from Graves Creek to the Enchanted Valley Ranger Station through old growth rain forest.
In early summer snow melt creates many waterfalls in the valley, giving it the name "Valley of a Thousand Waterfalls". The Quinault River has been reaching new recorded lows in recent years, as it was fed by the Anderson Glacier which had melted away by 2011. List of rivers of Washington U. S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: North Fork Quinault River, USGS GNIS entry Quinault Indian Nation
The Queets River is a river in the U. S. state of Washington. It is located on the Olympic Peninsula within the Olympic National Park and empties into the Pacific Ocean; the Queets River is 52.8 miles long. Its drainage basin is 204 square miles in area, its main tributaries include the Clearwater River, Salmon River, Sams River, Matheny Creek, Tshetshy Creek, as well as the Clearwater's main tributaries, the Snahapish River and Solleks River. According to Queets and Quinault legend, river was called K'witzqu or quitzqu, pronounced "Kw-ā-tz", meaning "out of the dirt of the skin"; the legend tells of Kwate, the changer, or s'qitu, the Great Spirit and Transformer, came to the mouth of the Queets River. After fording the cold river he rubbed his legs to restore circulation, small rolls of dirt formed under his hand, he threw them into the water and from them a man and a woman came forth, who became the ancestors of the Queets people. Kwate told them they would remain on the river and would be known as K'witzqu, because of the dirt from which your skin was made.
According to William Bright the river's name comes from the Quinault word /q'ʷícx̣ʷ/, meaning "dirt". The name "Queets River" first appeared on the Surveyor General's map of Washington Territory and was applied to other features; the word "Queets" was derived from the name of the Quai'tso tribe. Despite the name Queets River appearing on official maps, settlers called it Big River for many years, in contrast to its tributary the Clearwater River, called the Little River; the Queets River originates at the foot of the Humes Glacier on the southeast side of Mount Olympus in the Olympic Mountains. It is fed by Jeffers Glacier, on the south side of Mount Olympus, Queets Glacier, on the north side of Mount Queets; the river flows through a narrow canyon, cascading over Service Falls en route, to a point just below Paull Creek, where the valley opens up a bit. From there the river flows west to just below Kilkelly Creek south to just below Alta Creek, where the valley width expands once more into a typical U-shaped valley glacial river valley.
The Queets flows southwest, collecting numerous tributaries including the Clearwater River, Salmon River, Sams River before emptying into the Pacific Ocean near the community of Queets. Nearly all of the river is within Olympic National Park; the last 4 miles are within the Quinault Indian reservation. A short portion of the river near its mouth is within Grays Harbor County while the rest is in Jefferson County; the Queets River is unusual in being a large river flowing through a low-gradient forested alluvial valley. The forests on the western side of the Olympic Mountains have one of the highest rates of biomass production per unit area in North America. Discharge rates in the winter can be high, sometimes with surges up to or over 100,000 cubic feet per second; this combination results in new channels. The river is not kept clear of woody debris, making it one of the few North American rivers of its size in which large log jams are common; the USGS operates a stream gage 4.6 miles above the mouth of the Queets, 2.4 miles downriver from the mouth of the Clearwater River.
The mean annual discharge recorded over the lifetime of this gage up to 2009, is 4,347 cubic feet per second. The peak maximum discharge was 133,000 cubic feet per second, recorded on December 15, 1999; the maximum daily mean discharge was 91,100 cubic feet per second, recorded on March 19, 1997. A minimum daily mean discharge of 281 cubic feet per second was recorded from September 25–28, 2005. There is a primitive National Park Service campground and ranger station at the end of the Queets River Road; the Queets River Trail begins on the north bank of the river, across from the campground, follows the river about 16 miles upstream. Access to the trailhead requires fording the Queets River. There are primitive campsites along the trail at the Lower Crossing Way Trail junction and Spruce Bottom; the river is runnable by kayak or canoe from the campground to the Highway 101 bridge, but is replete with hazards in the form of log jams. List of Washington rivers Upper Queets Valley Reopens Via Alternative Route, Olympic National Park, National Park Service