List of rock formations

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Rocks formations and the Dedo de Deus (God's Finger) peak in the background, Serra dos Órgãos National Park, Rio de Janeiro state, Brazil
Raouché or Pigeons' Rock in Beirut, Lebanon
View of Meteora, Greece
Rock formations in Ongamira Valley, Sierras de Córdoba, Argentina
"Jaws", an erosional fin in Little Finland, Nevada, USA
"Hajdučka vrata" on Čvrsnica, Herzegovina

A rock formation is an isolated, scenic, or spectacular surface rock outcrop. Rock formations are usually the result of weathering and erosion sculpting the existing rock; the term 'rock formation' can also refer to specific sedimentary strata or other rock unit in stratigraphic and petrologic studies.

A rock structure can be created in any rock type or combination:

  • Igneous rocks are created when molten rock cools and solidifies, with or without crystallization. They may be either plutonic bodies or volcanic extrusives. Again, erosive forces sculpt their current forms.
  • Metamorphic rocks are created by rocks that have been transformed into another kind of rock, usually by some combination of heat, pressure and chemical alteration.
  • Sedimentary rocks are created by a variety of processes but usually involving deposition, grain by grain, layer by layer, in water or, in the case of terrestrial sediments, on land through the action of wind or sometimes moving ice. Erosion later exposes them in their current form.

Geologists have created a number of terms to describe different rock structures in the landscape that can be formed by natural processes:

  • Butte
  • Crag
  • Escarpment
  • Gorge
  • Inselberg, or monadnock, is a residual relief feature. It can be an isolated hill, a knob, ridge or small mountain that rises abruptly, like an island, from a gently sloping or virtually level surrounding plain. Inselberg is a German word that means "island mountain". Uluru/Ayers Rock in Australia is a noted example.
  • Mesa
  • Peak
  • Promontory is a prominent mass of land which overlooks lower lying land or a body of water.
  • River cliff
  • Sea cliff
  • Stack
  • Stone run
  • Tor

Here is a list of rock formations by continent.

Asia[edit]

Armenia[edit]

China[edit]

Jordan[edit]

India[edit]

Iran[edit]

  • Kuh-E-Namak, Iran
  • Elemite Rock, Fars, Iran
  • Mahneshan, Zanjan, Iran

Israel[edit]

Japan[edit]

Lebanon[edit]

Mongolia[edit]

Philippines[edit]

Thailand[edit]

Turkey[edit]

  • Paşabağı, Cappadocia, Turkey
  • Goreme National Park, Turkey
  • Narman Fairy Chimneys (aka the Land of the Red Fairies), Narman district of Eastern Anatolian province of Erzurum, Turkey

Yemen[edit]

Other countries[edit]

Africa[edit]

Algeria[edit]

  • Tamanrasset
  • Tassili Mountains

Angola[edit]

  • Iona, Tombwa
  • Pedras Negras de Pungo Andongo

Burkina Faso[edit]

  • Doumes de Fabedougou
  • Pic du Sindou

Cameroon[edit]

  • Kola Gorge

Egypt[edit]

  • Khaboba
  • Thebes
  • Esna shale
  • Nubian sandstone

Eritrea[edit]

  • Decemhare

Kenya[edit]

Libya[edit]

Madagascar[edit]

Malawi[edit]

  • Makuzi Beach, Chintheche yui

Mali[edit]

  • Massif des Aguilles de Garmi

Mauritania[edit]

Morocco[edit]

  • Siroua Mountains
  • Tafraoute

Namibia[edit]

  • Waterberg Plateau
  • Bogenfels
  • Vingerklip, Damaraland

Niger[edit]

  • Geuzzam

Nigeria[edit]

Seychelles[edit]

  • Anse Source d'Argent, La Digue

South Africa[edit]

Sudan[edit]

  • Burget Tuyur, Selima

Tunisia[edit]

  • Chebika Rock
  • Tamazrat

Zimbabwe[edit]

  • Domboshava Rocks
  • Maleme Dam, Matobos
  • Motombo Rock Formations

North America[edit]

United States of America[edit]

Canada[edit]

Caribbean[edit]

Mexico[edit]

Central America[edit]

South America[edit]

Argentina[edit]

Bolivia[edit]

  • Dali's Desert, Potosi
  • Valle de Las Rocas, Uyuni
  • Canon de Duene

Brazil[edit]

Chile[edit]

Colombia[edit]

Ecuador[edit]

Falkland Islands[edit]

Paraguay[edit]

Peru[edit]

Uruguay[edit]

Venezuela[edit]

Europe[edit]

Albania[edit]

Bosnia and Herzegovina[edit]

Bulgaria[edit]

Croatia[edit]

Czech Republic[edit]

Denmark[edit]

Estonia[edit]

Finland[edit]

France[edit]

Georgia[edit]

Germany[edit]

Greece[edit]

Gibraltar[edit]

Bailiwick of Guernsey[edit]

Iceland[edit]

Ireland[edit]

Italy[edit]

Latvia[edit]

  • Vidzeme
  • Pusena Kalns, Bartava

North Macedonia[edit]

Malta[edit]

Isle of Man[edit]

Norway[edit]

Poland[edit]

Portugal[edit]

Romania[edit]

Russia[edit]

Serbia[edit]

Spain[edit]

Sweden[edit]

Switzerland[edit]

Slovakia[edit]

Ukraine[edit]

United Kingdom[edit]

Oceania[edit]

Australia[edit]

New Zealand[edit]

Other countries[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Olumo Rock website
  2. ^ "Escalando el Gunko de Boquete" (in Spanish). El Chiricano. 2007-06-04.[permanent dead link]
  3. ^ [1], Wikimapia/www.banaterra.eu
  4. ^ Красноярские Столбы
  5. ^ The Djavolja Varos (Devil's Town) Natural Landmark, UNESCO World Heritage
  6. ^ "Vodopad Prskalo" (in Serbian). FreeBiking.org.

External links[edit]