Bog snorkelling is a sporting event in which competitors complete, in the shortest time possible, two consecutive lengths of a water-filled trench cut through a peat bog. Competitors must wear snorkels and flippers and complete the course without using conventional swimming strokes, relying on flipper power alone. A wetsuit is not compulsory, but is worn; the length of the trench is 60 yards, traversed twice for a course of 120 yards. The world record was set by Neil Rutter at the Waen Rydd bog, Llanwrtyd Wells on 26 August 2018 with a time of 1 min 18.81 secs. Paddy Lambe finished the Irish championship event in a time of 1:19 in September 2016; the next Bog Snorkelling Championships is hosted by Rude Health, Sunday 25th August 2019 at the Waen Rydd bog, Llanwrtyd Wells The activity of bog snorkelling was started in 1976 near Llanwrtyd Wells, United Kingdom. It began as a result of an over-the-bar conversation in The Neuadd Arms between Gordon Green and a few regulars; the World Bog Snorkelling Championship, first held in 1985, takes place every August Bank Holiday in the dense Waen Rydd peat bog, near Llanwrtyd Wells in mid Wales.
In 2018 Neil Rutter smashed the previous world record held by Kirsty Johnston when he returned a time of 1 min 18.81 secs. Elinor MacCormac is the 2018 Ladies Champion; the ladies' champion 2017, Jess Fidler, had a time of 1 min 41.87 secs. Paddy Lambe, the 2016 Irish champion, set a time at the Irish Bog Snorkelling Championships in September 2016 of 1:19, a new world record for bog snorkelling; the Irish event in 2016 was the first time a brother and sister won the national championship in the same year. Moira Lambe, Paddy's sister, won the ladies' event in the same year. Other bog snorkelling events take place in Wales, but in Australia and Sweden. Associated events include the associated mountain bike bog snorkelling, where competitors must ride through the bog on specially prepared mountain bikes, the Bog Snorkelling Triathlon, which consists of a 60-yard Snorkel, a 12-mile bike ride and an 8-mile run. Proceeds from the championship go to a local charity each year. Charities include the Motor Neurone Association.
The 2006 charity was chosen in memory of the Green Events treasurer, Ron Skilton, who died in December 2005. Junior 2017 – Junior World Champion: Anna Ley-Gill: 1 min 53.81 secs 2016 – Junior World Champion: Tom Murphy: 1 min 41.00 2015 – Junior World Champion: Megan Davies: 1 min 54.84 2014 – Junior World Champion: Emma Pitchforth: 1 min 26.81 2013 – Junior World Champion: Jack Everist 2012 – Junior World Champion: Dineka Maguire: 1 min 26.97 secs 2011 – Junior World Champion: Dineka Maguire 2010 – Junior World Champion: John Lydeard 2009 – Junior World Champion: Beccy Lord: 1 min 41.56 secs 2008 – Junior World Champion: Laura Smith: 1 min 51.21 secs 2007 – Junior World Champion: George Murphy: 1 min 35 secs 2006 – Junior World Champion: William Schofield: 1 min 48 secs 2005 – Junior World Champion: 2004 – Junior World Champion: Gareth Madelin 2003 – Junior World Champion: Gareth Madelin 1999 – Junior World Champion: Joanne Wallace: 1 min 53 secs 1997 – Junior World Champion: Al Hudson 1996 – Junior World Champion:Children's 2016 – Children's World Champion: Tilly Smith: 2 min 14.24 secs Local Men's 2017 – Local Champion: 2016 – Local Champion: Adrian Matthew 2015 – Local Champion: Alex Creak 2010 – Local Champion: Tony Bain 2004 – Local Champion: Nick BridgemanLocal Women's 2018 - Local Women's Champion.
Ferret-legging was an endurance test or stunt in which ferrets were trapped in trousers worn by a participant. Known as put'em down and ferret-down-trousers, it seems to have been popular among coal miners in Yorkshire, England. Contestants put live ferrets inside their trousers; the world record is thirty minutes. Ferret-legging may have originated during the time when only the wealthy in England were allowed to keep animals used for hunting, forcing poachers to hide their illicit ferrets in their trousers. Following a brief resurgence in popularity during the 1970s, it has been described as a "dying sport", although a national ferret-legging event was held in Richmond, Virginia from 2003 to 2009. In the sport of ferret-legging, competitors tie their trousers at the ankles before placing two ferrets inside and securely fastening their belts to prevent the ferrets from escaping; each competitor stands in front of the judges for as long as he can. Competitors cannot be drunk or drugged, nor can the ferrets be sedated.
In addition, competitors are not allowed to wear underwear beneath their trousers, which must allow the ferrets free access from one leg to the other, the ferrets must have a full set of teeth that must not have been filed or otherwise blunted. The winner is the person; the sport is said to involve little "native skill" an ability to "have your tool bitten and not care". The former world champion, Reg Mellor, is credited with instituting the practice of wearing white trousers in ferret-legging matches, to better display the blood from the wounds caused by the animals. Competitors can attempt, from outside their trousers, to dislodge the ferrets, but as the animals can maintain a strong hold for long periods, their removal can be difficult; the ferrets are put inside the contestants' shirts in addition to their trousers. An attempt to introduce a female version of the sport—ferret busting, in which female contestants introduced ferrets down their blouses—proved unsuccessful; the origin of ferret-legging is disputed.
The sport seems to have become popular among coal miners in Yorkshire, England, in the 1970s, though some Scots claim it gained popularity in Scotland. According to Marlene Blackburn of the Richmond Ferret Rescue League, ferret-legging originated in public houses "where patrons would bet on who could keep a ferret in his pants the longest." The sport may alternatively have originated during the time when only the wealthy in England were allowed to keep ferrets used for hunting, forcing the animal poachers to hide their illicit ferrets in their trousers to avoid detection by gamekeepers. The pastime gained attention in a humorous article written by Don Katz, entitled "King of the Ferret Leggers," in the October 1987 issue of Outside magazine. Katz described ferrets as "having claws like hypodermic needles and teeth like number 16 carpet tacks". James Howard of The Fresno Bee said Katz failed to explain why anyone would want to participate in a sport such as ferret-legging, but the article "offers a glimpse into the human need to challenge the edges of human endurance".
In 1972, the ferret-legging record stood at 40 seconds. A few years the record had risen to over one minute, to 90 minutes. In 1977, Edward Simpkins from the Isle of Wight set the new world record of five hours and ten minutes, although he only had one ferret in his trousers during the first four hours and two for the last seventy minutes. Simpkins sustained two large bites during his record-breaking attempt, but continued to play a game of darts undeterred. Retired miner Reg Mellor, from Barnsley, set the new world record time of five hours and twenty-six minutes on 5 July 1981 at the Annual Pennine Show at Holmfirth, Yorkshire, he had practised the sport since his youth, but had received no recognition until he set the new world record. Mellor, who had hunted with ferrets in the dales outside Barnsley for many years, had grown accustomed to keeping them in his trousers to keep them warm and dry when out working in the rain. Mellor's "trick" was to ensure that the ferrets were well-fed before they were inserted into his trousers.
In 1986, Mellor attempted to break his own record before a crowd of 2,500 spectators, intending to beat the "magic six-hour mark—the four-minute mile of ferret legging". After five hours, most of the attendees had become left. According to Adrian Tame of the Sunday Herald Sun, Mellor retired after that experience, "disillusioned and broken-hearted," but with his dignity and manhood intact. Mellor had hoped to organise an annual national competition held in his home town of Barnsley, offered a prize of £100 to anyone who could beat him. Frank Bartlett, a retired headmaster, Christine Farnsworth, broke Mellor's record in 2010; the pair managed five hours and thirty minutes, raising £1,000 for the Whittington Community First Responders. Ferret-legging has existed for centuries, but the sport made a brief resurgence in popularity during the 1970s. According to a 2005 report published in the English Northern Echo newspaper, whether due to a "lack of brave contestants or complaining wives", ferret-legging is now "a dying sport", being replaced by ferret racing, in which the animals race through a plastic pipe.
Although the sport is now uncommon, annual competitions were held at the Richmond Highland Games & Celtic Festival in Richmond, Virginia from 2003 through 2009. In 2007 the Manitoba Ferret Association held a ferret-legging competition in St. Vital Park, Winnipeg, to raise money in support of the organization's shelter for homeless ferrets. Marlene Blackburn, who works wi
Neptune Township, New Jersey
Neptune Township is a township in Monmouth County, New Jersey, in the United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 27,935, reflecting an increase of 245 from the 27,690 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn declined by 458 from the 28,148 counted in the 1990 Census. Neptune was incorporated as a township by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on February 26, 1879, from portions of Ocean Township. Portions of the township were taken to form Bradley Beach and Ocean Grove; the township was named for Neptune, the Roman water deity, its location on the Atlantic Ocean. According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 8.672 square miles, including 8.182 square miles of land and 0.490 square miles of water. Ocean Grove and Shark River Hills are census-designated places and unincorporated communities located within Neptune Township. Other unincorporated communities and place names located or within the township include Bradley Park, the Gables, Green Grove, Hamilton Mills, Mid-Town, Seaview Island, The Observatory, West Grove, West Neptune and Whitesville.
Neptune Township stretches from the Atlantic Ocean west to the Garden State Parkway. The southern border is the Shark River estuary, the northern border is with Asbury Park and Ocean Township. Neptune Township is a diverse community, both in terms of population and landscape, extending from the seaside community of Ocean Grove, a national historic site, to Mid-town, undergoing a municipal-led revitalization, to the riverside residential community of Shark River Hills, to the open spaces of Shark River Park and the commercial corridor on Route 66 in the west; the township borders the Monmouth County communities of Asbury Park, Avon-by-the-Sea, Bradley Beach, Neptune City, Ocean Township, Tinton Falls and Wall Township. Deal Lake covers 158 acres and is overseen by the Deal Lake Commission, established in 1974. Seven municipalities border the lake, accounting for 27 miles of shoreline including Allenhurst, Asbury Park, Interlaken, Loch Arbour and Ocean Township; as of the 2010 United States Census, there were 27,935 people, 11,201 households, 6,843.811 families residing in the township.
The population density was 3,414.3 per square mile. There were 12,991 housing units at an average density of 1,587.8 per square mile. The racial makeup of the township was 53.18% White, 38.56% Black or African American, 0.34% Native American, 2.26% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 2.51% from other races, 3.12% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 9.33% of the population. There were 11,201 households out of which 23.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.6% were married couples living together, 16.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 38.9% were non-families. 31.8% of all households were made up of individuals, 11.7% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 3.13. In the township, the population was spread out with 20.6% under the age of 18, 7.7% from 18 to 24, 24.8% from 25 to 44, 30.4% from 45 to 64, 16.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42.7 years.
For every 100 females there were 87.2 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and older there were 83.5 males. The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that median household income was $58,630 and the median family income was $74,422. Males had a median income of $56,743 versus $43,853 for females; the per capita income for the borough was $30,656. About 8.1% of families and 10.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.7% of those under age 18 and 6.7% of those age 65 or over. As of the 2000 United States Census there were 27,690 people, 10,907 households, 6,805 families residing in the township; the population density was 3,366.8 people per square mile. There were 12,217 housing units at an average density of 1,485.4 per square mile. The racial makeup of the township was 55.92% White, 38.16% African American, 0.17% Native American, 1.17% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 1.98% from other races, 2.56% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.55% of the population.
There were 10,907 households out of which 26.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.6% were married couples living together, 15.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 37.6% were non-families. 31.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.8% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 3.14. In the township the population was spread out with 23.1% under the age of 18, 6.7% from 18 to 24, 29.7% from 25 to 44, 23.8% from 45 to 64, 16.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 87.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.0 males. The median income for a household in the township was $46,250, the median income for a family was $57,735. Males had a median income of $42,920 versus $31,057 for females; the per capita income for the township was $22,569. About 7.6% of families and 11.7% of the population were b
Haggis is a savoury pudding containing sheep's pluck. According to the 2001 English edition of the Larousse Gastronomique: "Although its description is not appealing, haggis has an excellent nutty texture and delicious savoury flavour", it is believed that food similar to haggis —perishable offal cooked inside an animal's stomach, all conveniently available after a hunt—was eaten from ancient times. Although the name "hagws" or "hagese" was first recorded in England c. 1430, the dish is considered traditionally of Scottish origin. It is the national dish, as a result of Scots poet Robert Burns' poem Address to a Haggis of 1787. Haggis is traditionally served with "neeps and tatties", boiled and mashed separately, a dram as the main course of a Burns Supper. Haggis is popularly assumed to be of Scottish origin, but many countries have produced similar dishes, albeit with different names. However, the recipes as known and standardised now are distinctly Scottish; the first known written recipes for a dish of the name, made with offal and herbs, are as "hagese", in the verse cookbook Liber Cure Cocorum dating from around 1430 in Lancashire, north west England, and, as "hagws of a schepe" from an English cookbook of c.
1430. The Scottish poem, "Flyting of Dunbar and Kennedy", dated before 1520, refers to'haggeis'. An early printed recipe for haggis appears in 1615 in The English Huswife by Gervase Markham, it contains a section entitled "Skill in Oate meale". The use and vertues of these two severall kinds of Oate-meales in maintaining the Family, they are so many that it is impossible to recken all. Food writer Alan Davidson suggests that the ancient Romans were the first known to have made products of the haggis type. Haggis was "born of necessity, as a way to utilize the least expensive cuts of meat and the innards as well". Clarissa Dickson Wright says that it "came to Scotland in a longship before Scotland was a single nation." She cites etymologist Walter William Skeat as further suggestion of possible Scandinavian origins: Skeat claimed that the hag– element of the word is derived from the Old Norse haggw or the Old Icelandic hoggva, Modern Scots hag, meaning'to hew' or strike with a sharp weapon, relating to the chopped-up contents of the dish.
In her book, The Haggis: A Little History, Dickson Wright suggests that haggis was invented as a way of cooking quick-spoiling offal near the site of a hunt, without the need to carry along an additional cooking vessel. The liver and kidneys could be grilled directly over a fire, but this treatment was unsuitable for the stomach, intestines, or lungs. Chopping up the lungs and stuffing the stomach with them and whatever fillers might have been on hand boiling the assembly — in a vessel made from the animal's hide — was one way to make sure these parts were not wasted. In the absence of hard facts as to haggis' origins, popular folklore has provided some notions. One is; when the men left the Highlands to drive their cattle to market in Edinburgh, the women would prepare rations for them to eat during the long journey down through the glens. They used the ingredients that were most available in their homes and conveniently packaged them in a sheep's stomach allowing for easy transportation during the journey.
Other speculations have been based on Scottish slaughtering practices. When a chieftain or laird required an animal to be slaughtered for meat the workmen were allowed to keep the offal as their share. A joke sometimes maintained is that a haggis is a small Scottish animal with longer legs on one side, so that it can run around the steep hills of the Scottish highlands without falling over. According to one poll, 33 percent of American visitors to Scotland believed haggis to be an animal. Haggis is traditionally served as part of the Burns supper on or near January 25, the birthday of Scotland's national poet Robert Burns. Burns wrote the poem Address to a Haggis, which starts "Fair fa' your honest, sonsie face, Great chieftain o' the puddin-race!" In Burns's lifetime haggis was a common dish of the poor as it was nourishing yet cheap, being made from leftover parts of sheep otherwise discarded. Haggis is available in supermarkets in Scotland all year, with cheaper brands packed in artificial casings, rather than stomachs.
Sometimes haggis is sold in tins or a container which can be cooked in a microwave or conventional oven. Some commercial haggis is made from pig, rather than sheep, offal. Kosher haggis, not only pork-free but conformant to Jewish dietary laws, is produced. Haggis is served in Scottish fast-food establishments, in the shape of a large sausage and deep fried in batter. Together with chips, this comprises a "haggis supper". A "haggis burger" is a patty of fried haggis served on a bun. A "haggis pakora" is another deep fried variant, available in some Indian restaurants in Scotland. Haggis can be used as an ingredient in other dishes pizza, rather t
Oxfordshire is a county in South East England. The ceremonial county borders Warwickshire to the north-west, Northamptonshire to the north-east, Buckinghamshire to the east, Berkshire to the south, Wiltshire to the south-west and Gloucestershire to the west; the county has major education and tourist industries and is noted for the concentration of performance motorsport companies and facilities. Oxford University Press is the largest firm among a concentration of publishing firms; as well as the city of Oxford, other centres of population are Banbury, Bicester and Chipping Norton to the north of Oxford. The areas south of the Thames, the Vale of White Horse and parts of South Oxfordshire, are in the historic county of Berkshire, as is the highest point, the 261 metres White Horse Hill. Oxfordshire's county flower is the snake's-head fritillary. Oxfordshire was recorded as a county in the early years of the 10th century and lies between the River Thames to the south, the Cotswolds to the west, the Chilterns to the east and the Midlands to the north, with spurs running south to Henley-on-Thames and north to Banbury.
Although it had some significance as an area of valuable agricultural land in the centre of the country, it was ignored by the Romans, did not grow in importance until the formation of a settlement at Oxford in the 8th century. Alfred the Great was born across the Thames in Vale of White Horse; the University of Oxford was founded in 1096, though its collegiate structure did not develop until on. The university in the county town of Oxford grew in importance during the Middle Ages and early modern period; the area was part of the Cotswolds wool trade from the 13th century, generating much wealth in the western portions of the county in the Oxfordshire Cotswolds. Morris Motors was founded in Oxford in 1912, bringing heavy industry to an otherwise agricultural county; the importance of agriculture as an employer has declined in the 20th century though. Nonetheless, Oxfordshire remains a agricultural county by land use, with a lower population than neighbouring Berkshire and Buckinghamshire, which are both smaller.
Throughout most of its history the county was divided into fourteen hundreds, namely Bampton, Binfield, Bullingdon, Dorchester, Langtree, Pyrton, Ploughley and Wootton. The Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire Light Infantry, the main army unit in the area, was based at Cowley Barracks on Bullingdon Green, Cowley; the Vale of White Horse district and parts of the South Oxfordshire administrative district south of the River Thames were part of Berkshire, but in 1974 Abingdon, Faringdon and Wantage were added to the administrative county of Oxfordshire under the Local Government Act 1972. Conversely, the Caversham area of Reading, now administratively in Berkshire, was part of Oxfordshire as was the parish of Stokenchurch, now administratively in Buckinghamshire. Oxfordshire includes parts of three Areas of Outstanding Natural Beauty. In the north-west lie the Cotswolds, to the south and south-east are the open chalk hills of the North Wessex Downs and wooded hills of the Chilterns; the north of the county contains the ironstone of the Cherwell uplands.
Long-distance walks within the county include the Ridgeway National Trail, Macmillan Way, Oxfordshire Way and the D’Arcy Dalton Way. Northernmost point: 52°10′6.58″N 1°19′54.92″W, near Claydon Hay Farm, Claydon Southernmost point: 51°27′34.74″N 0°56′48.3″W, near Thames and Kennet Marina, Playhatch Westernmost point: 51°46′59.73″N 1°43′9.68″W, near Downs Farm, Westwell Easternmost point: 51°30′14.22″N 0°52′13.99″W, River Thames, near Lower Shiplake The central part of Oxfordshire contains the River Thames with its flat floodplains. The Thames Path National Trail parallels the river as it crosses Oxfordshire, continuing towards London. There are many smaller rivers that feed into the Thames such as the Thame, Windrush and Cherwell; some of these rivers have trails running along their valleys. The Oxford Canal follows the Cherwell from Banbury to Kidlington. Oxfordshire contains a green belt area that envelops the city of Oxford, extends for some miles to afford a protection to surrounding towns and villages from inappropriate development and urban growth.
Its border in the east extends to the Buckinghamshire county boundary, while part of its southern border is shared with the North Wessex Downs AONB. It was first drawn up in the 1950s, all the county's districts contain some portion of the belt; this is a chart of trend of regional gross value added of Oxfordshire at current basic prices published by the Office for National Statistics with figures in millions of British pounds sterling. The Oxfordshire County Council, since 2013 under no overall control, is responsible for the most strategic local government functions, including schools, county roads, social services; the county is divided into five local government districts: Oxford, Vale of White Horse, West Oxfordshire and South Oxfordshire, which deal with such matters as town and country planning, waste collection, housing. In the 2016 European Union referendum, Oxfordshire was the only English cou
Tip-cat is a pastime which consists of tapping a short billet of wood with a larger stick. There are many varieties of the game, but in the most common, the batter, having placed the billet, or "cat", in a small circle on the ground, tips it into the air and hits it to a distance, his opponent offers him a certain number of points, based upon his estimate of the number of hops or jumps necessary to cover the distance. If the batter thinks the distance underestimated he is at liberty to decline the offer and measure the distance in jumps, score the number made. In Walsall in the 1950s, an alternative version required a set of stumps and bails, similar to those used in cricket; the aim was to tip up the cat and strike it towards the stumps with the object of dislodging the bails. Opposing fielders were allowed to catch the cat in flight; the game is similar to Gillidanda, still popular among rural youth in southern Europe and the Indian subcontinent, and, known by several other names, see Gillidanda#Similar games.
A similar game is played in South Korea, known as "jachigi". It is played by young children. In West Yorkshire the similar game is known as spell. In Galicia there is a tip-cat league called Liga Nacional de Billarda. In Lancashire a version called piggy is played in which the billet or "piggy" is only tapered on one side, like the snout of a pig. A similar game called. Italo Calvino has written a short story "Making Do", published in the collection "Numbers in the Dark and Other Stories" in which the only thing left legal for the citizens to do is to play Tip-cat, which they do all day after, forbidden to them, too. A variant of the Italian'lippa' is'lizza'. Giddy-gaddy British folk sports Dandi Biyo This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed.. "Tip-cat". Encyclopædia Britannica. 26. Cambridge University Press. P. 1003
Stacksteads is a village between the towns of Bacup and Waterfoot within the Rossendale borough of Lancashire, England. The population of this Rossendale ward at the 2011 census was 3,789. Stacksteads includes a mountain bike trail called Lee Quarry, a working quarry, it is part of the Rossendale and Darwen constituency, with Jake Berry having been the Member of Parliament since 2010. In the 19th century it was home to several cotton mills along the banks of the River Irwell; these expanded after the ending of the American Civil War. During the 1870s agricultural labourers moved from across the UK – including many from East Anglia – to drive this expansion. During the 20th century, as the cotton trade decreased in the face of overseas manufacture, some of the mills were adapted to more modern purposes such as footwear – notably the Bacup Shoe Company in the former Stacksteads Mill. In the 1980s, the village featured in a number of episodes of the long running BBC1 police procedural drama series Juliet Bravo, set in a fictional part of the Rossendale Valley between Rawtenstall and Bacup.
It was the location for the filming of Laurence Olivier Presents: Hindle Wakes, a 1976 version of the famous play, directed by Laurence Olivier. The area is today noted for a high number of reported UFO sightings and featured in one episode of a 2008 Five TV series on British cases. Reports have focused on the wider steep valley either side of Newchurch Road; this area has been locally dubbed'UFO Alley'. Stacksteads has a Rosso Bus 464 going through it every 10 minutes via the main road through the village, Newchurch Road. There is a high school called Fearns, it offers a lot of sports including trampolining, a climbing wall and two football pitches and a cricket club Stacksteads is home to the famous Kimberley Club formed in 1897 as a drinking club for quarry workers. Lit and warmed by gas, it sells real ale direct from the barrel. From 1903 until 2011 Stacksteads Cricket Club played on Waterbarn Recreation Ground adjacent to Waterbarn Baptist Church; the club moved to New Hall Hey Cricket Ground in nearby Rawtenstall after difficulties with the landlord who owns the Grade 2 listed Waterbarn Baptist Chapel on Brandwood Road built in 1847