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Necdet Ya┼čar

Necdet Yaşar was a Turkish tanbur lute player and teacher. A founding member of the Istanbul State Turkish Music Ensemble, he performed throughout the world as a cultural ambassador for Turkey and taught twice at the University of Washington. In 1991, the Turkish government awarded him the title of "National Artist". In 1930, Necdet Yaşar was born in a small town near Gaziantep, Turkey, he graduated from the School of Istanbul University. Professor Robert Garfias, Director of the Ethnomusicology Program at the University of Washington --on the recommendation of graduate student Karl Signell—appointed Yaşar as Visiting Artist for 1972-73 academic year. Garfias again appointed Yaşar, together with the noted ney master Niyazi Sayın as University of Washington Visiting Artists for 1980-81 UW dept. of ethnomusicology, "Visiting Artists by Country". While in residence at the University of Washington, Yaşar gave lectures on the makam system of Ottoman classical music. In 1972, Yaşar and Signell attended the annual meeting of the Society for Ethnomusicology where Yaşar in effect introduced the unknown Turkish Classical Music to ethnomusicologists by talking and performing on the tanbur In 1981 he met Alan Prosser from England.

He agreed to teach his children the complete makam list and system. This happened over the next 7 years. All the lessons were tape recorded. Yaşar asked Alan to help preserve the true knowledge of the makams and the Traditional Turkish Art Music Society of Great Britain was started. Yaşar asked Alan and his children to play a recital on Turkish Television to help with the revival of interest in the ancient makam system; as well as this he asked Alan to write to the Turkish Culture Minister to help establish Yaşar's music group officially. In 1988, Yaşar was a founding member of the Istanbul State Turkish Music Ensemble, he directed it until 1995. In 1991, the Turkish government awarded him the title of "National Artist". In small and large ensembles, including his own "The Necdet Yasar Ensemble", he has performed throughout the world, in Europe, East Asia, North America, as a concert artist and ambassador of Turkish classical music. Yaşar is noted for his command of the Turkish makam melodic modes, his influential tanbur techniques, the construction of his taksim improvisations.

However, as a musician, what most distinguishes him is his unparalleled knowledge of and insight into the Turkish classical repertoire and the improvisational possibilities presented by its modal system. Yasar is one of those few artists who are both guided by and themselves guide tradition." He "belongs to a musical lineage going back to at least Tanburi Cemil Bey", continued with Mesut Cemil, of whom he was the principal student. His taksimler solo improvisations and his dual improvisations with ney flutist Niyazi Sayın are noted for their sensitivity. Experts cite two particular facets amongst all of his skills that make him amongst the most important musicians of his time and culture: his understanding of melodic movement (called in Turkish seyir within the complex musical modes that form the basis of traditional Turkish classical art music. Yaşar died in Istanbul on October 24, 2017. Sources consultedAksoy, Bülent. ""Necdet Yaşar Ensemble"". Golden Horn Records. GoldenHorn.com. Archived from the original on 2002-06-08.

Aksoy, Bülent. ""Necdet Yaşar"". Kalan Müzik. Kalan.com. Archived from the original on 2005-11-06. Signell, Karl. 2011. “The Art of Master Musician Necdet Yaşar as a Key to the Subtleties of Classical Turkish Music,” Ethnomusicological Encounters with Music and History - Essays in Honour of Robert Garfias. Ashgate. Williams, Chris. ""Necdet Yasar 2"". FRoots #266/267. CDRoots.com. Archived from the original on 2006-02-16. Endnotes Audio sample: short taksim improvisation, Makam Mahur

The Damned (1947 film)

The Damned is a 1947 French drama film directed by René Clément. It was entered into the 1947 Cannes Film Festival; the film is notable for its depiction of the interior of a wartime submarine and for its tracking shots through the length of the U-boat. As Germany is in the throes of losing World War II, a number of wealthy Nazis and some French sympathizers head for South America in a German submarine leaving from Oslo; the film's narrator is a French doctor, kidnapped to tend a sick woman, Hilde Garosi, the wife of one man and the lover of another, both aboard. The doctor realizes he will be murdered at any point once the woman has recovered so he tries various stratagems to escape. All fail; the mission disintegrates as the war ends and its reasons for being dissipate, with some passengers either trying to escape or committing suicide. Forster tries to continue the mission after Berlin has fallen and orders have gone out for all U-boats to surrender at the nearest port. Part of the crew mutinies against the insane ones still fighting the war.

The doctor ends up alone on the Nazi sub for days writing his memoirs until an American ship rescues him and sinks his infamous abode at sea. Marcel Dalio as Larga Henri Vidal as Docteur Guilbert Florence Marly as Hilde Garosi Fosco Giachetti as Garosi Paul Bernard as Couturier Jo Dest as Forster Michel Auclair as Willy Morus Anne Campion as Ingrid Ericksen Andreas von Halberstadt Lucien Hector as Ericksen Jean Lozach Karl Münch In 2013, the Cohen Film Collection released The Damned on Blu-ray and DVD in the US, using a restoration carried out by the French distributor, Gaumont; the Damned on IMDb The Damned film trailer on YouTube

Black pond turtle

The black pond turtle known as the spotted pond turtle or the Indian spotted turtle, is a species of freshwater turtle endemic to South Asia. It belongs to the monotypic genus Geoclemys; the specific name, hamiltonii, is in honor of ichthyologist Francis Hamilton. G. hamiltonii is black with small yellowish spots, a much-elevated carapace, with three interrupted keels or series of nodose prominences corresponding to the vertebral and costal shields. The posterior border of the carapace is serrated in young, but feebly in the adult; the nuchal is moderate, broader posteriorly than anteriorly. The first vertebral scarcely broader anteriorly than posteriorly; the second and third vertebrals are broader than long in the young, nearly as long as broad in the adult, narrower than the costals. The plastron is angulate laterally, truncate anteriorly; the posterior lobe of the plastron is much narrower than the opening of the shell, nearly as long as the width of the bridge notched posteriorly. The head is rather large.

The snout is short, not projecting. The upper jaw is emarginated mesially; the width of the mandible at the symphysis nearly equals the horizontal diameter of the orbit. A large shield covers the upper surface of the snout and the crown, sometimes divided into three, one shield around the upper jaw and one on each side between the eye and the ear; the digits are webbed to the claws. The tail is short; the shell is dark brown or blackish, elegantly marked with yellow spots and radiating streaks, the soft parts are dark brown or blackish, with round yellow spots, largest on the head and neck. Maximum straight carapace length is 41 cm. G. hamiltonii is found in southern Pakistan, northeastern India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh. Das I. A Photographic Guide to Snakes and other Reptiles of India. Sanibel Island, Florida: Ralph Curtis Books. 144 pp. ISBN 0-88359-056-5.. Gray JE. Synopsis Reptilium or Short Descriptions of the Species of Reptiles. Part I: Cataphracta, Tortoises and Enaliosaurians. London: Treuttel, Wurz & Co. 85 pp..

Khan, Mohammad Ali Reza. "Chelonians of Bangladesh and their conservation". J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 79: 110-116 + Plates I-II.. Murray JA. "Additions to the reptilian fauna of Sind". Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. Fifth Series 14: 106-111. Philippen H-D. "Geoclemys hamiltonii - Strahlen-Dreikielschildkröte ". Reptilia 9: 51-54.. Smith MA; the Fauna of British India, Including Ceylon and Burma. Reptilia and Amphibia. Vol. I.—Loricata, Testudines. London: Secretary of State for India in Council.. Xxviii + 185 pp. + Plates I-II.. Geoclemys hamiltonii at the Reptarium.cz Reptile Database

Andreas Katsulas

Andrew "Andreas" Katsulas was an American film and television actor. Born in St. Louis, Missouri to a working-class Greek American family, Katsulas earned a master's degree in theatre from Indiana University. From 1971 to 1986, he toured with Peter Brook's International Theatre Company, performing improvisational and prepared theater pieces. In 1981 and 1982, he appeared on the CBS daytime drama Guiding Light as Lucien Goff. Katsulas appeared in various films, including The Sicilian, Next of Kin, Someone to Watch Over Me, Hot Shots! Part Deux, Executive Decision, he played the one-armed villain Sykes in The Fugitive. Katsulas was a regular on the television series Babylon 5, he played the Romulan Commander Tomalak on Star Trek: The Next Generation. A lifelong smoker, Katsulas died of lung cancer on February 13, 2006, at the age of 59, he was survived by his wife, Gilla Nissan Katsulas, his two children from a previous marriage and Katherine. Official website Andreas Katsulas on IMDb Andreas Katsulas at AllMovie Andreas Katsulas at Memory Alpha "Andreas Katsulas is gone" posted by J. Michael Straczynski on rec.arts.sf.tv.babylon5.moderated Memorial video by John E. Hudgens Andreas Katsulas at Find a Grave

Kretinga Museum

The Kretinga Museum known as Kretinga Manor, is located near the Baltic Sea in Kretinga, Lithuania. A private estate, it was converted to a museum in 1992, now contains a number of archeological finds and applied art collections, folk art, ethnographic exhibits, as well as a restored orangery. Nearby is a sculpture garden featuring a reconstruction of a Lithuanian solar calendar; the museum is operated by the Kretinga district municipality. The manor's location had always provided shelter from maritime winds in the area, its modern history is said to have begun when the bishop of Vilnius, Ignacy Jakub Massalski, planted fruit trees there in the late 18th century. In 1874 the land was purchased in an auction by Count Tyszkiewicz. In the course of creating a family manor, he converted the existing residence into a palace, built the orangery, now known as the Winter Garden, re-landscaped the grounds; the landscaping included cascading ponds, a waterfall, fountains and parterres. The idea of turning the manor into a museum is credited to Juozas Žilvitis.

The garden was destroyed during World War II. In 1940 the museum became a branch of the Kaunas State Museum. In 1987 the greenhouse was rebuilt; the exhibits portraying the life of the Tyszkiewicz family occupy seven halls, contain family portraits, photographs, household objects, paintings. The folk art exhibits contain textile art and works of kryždirbiai, the traditional Lithuanian art of fashioning crosses. Household articles include tools and furniture used during various eras. Recent exhibitions have featured jewelry, printed matter of historic interest, folk costumes; the gardens and the orangery, which contains a cafe, are updated. The museum sponsors concerts and research projects, holiday specials, a "Tree Feast", folk dance presentations. Museum website Museums of Lithuania Samogitian Cultural Association Museum history and exhibitions Photos of a modern solar calendar near the museum