List of ships of the line of Spain

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This is a list of Spanish ships of the line (comprising the battlefleet) built or acquired during the period 1640-1854:
Those with 94 or more guns were three-deckers. Many had alternate but official names.

The Hapsburg fleet - 1640 to 1700[edit]

  • Lion de Oro 24 guns (May 1641)
  • Leon Coronado 28 (launched 17 June 1651)
  • Nuestra Señora de la Concepción (c. 1656)
  • Nuestra Señora del Buen Consejo (c. 1662)
  • Santiago 58 (1662)
  • San Miguel (c. 1662)
  • San Joseph (c. 1662)
  • San Pedro y San Pablo (c. 1662)
  • San Ignacio 36 (1664)
  • San Salvador 40 (1664)
  • Nuestra Señora del Rosarion 70 (1665)
  • Nuestra Señora del Pilar 64 (1668)
  • Santa Ana 54 (1668)
  • Concepcion de Napoles 40 (1672)
  • San Antonio de Napoles 44 (1672)
  • San Bernardo 44 (1672)
  • San Carlos 44 (1672)
  • Santiago 80 (1673) - not recorded after 1673
  • San Joaquin 80 (1676) - not recorded after 1676
  • Santa Rosa 56 (1677) - Captured by Britain at the Battle of Cape Passaro, 1718, BU c. 1731
  • San Juan 56 (1683) - captured in August 1692
  • San Francisco 70 (1695) - no report after 1700
  • Santa Maria de Tezanos y Las Animas 60 (1697) - foundered 14 November 1701
  • Santo Cristo de San Roman 50 (1698) - wrecked 31 July 1715
  • Nuestra Señora de la Almudena y San Cayetano 50 (1699) - broken up 1708
  • San José class. These two ships served as the capitano (flagship) and almirante (second in command) respectively of the Armada de Avería.
    • San José 64 (launched 1698 at Orio) - blown up on 8 June 1708
    • San Joaquín 64 (launched 1698 at Orio) - captured on 7 August 1711
  • Nuestra Señora de Begoña 60 (1699) - broken up 1710
  • San Juan Bautista 50 (1700) - wrecked
  • Rubí 50 (Acquired 1700) - Wrecked 1727

The Early Bourbon fleet - 1701 to 1728[edit]

  • Nuestra Señora de Guadalupe 50/58 (Acquired 1703) - Wrecked 1724
  • Porto Coeli 62 (launched 1704 at Orio)
  • Santa Teresa 62 (launched 1704 at Orio)
  • El Salvador 66 (launched 1705 at Barcelona)
  • Nuestra Señora del Carmen y San Antonio 70 (1711)
  • Nuestra Señora del Carmen 60 (1713)
  • Real de Mazi (El Real) 60 (Acquired 1714) - Captured by Britain at the Battle of Cape Passaro, 11 August 1718, BU c. 1731
  • Nuestra Señora de Begoña 54/70 (launched 1703 at Genoa, acquired February 1714) - Stricken 1724
  • Peibo del ler San Francisco 60 (Acquired 1714) - Wrecked 1716
  • Pembroke 60 (1694, ex-British Pembroke, acquired 1709/14) - Wrecked 1718
  • Lanfranco 60 (Acquired 1716) - Wrecked 1716
  • Nuestra Señora de Las Vinas 60 - Sunk 11 August 1718
  • San Pedro 60 (launched 26 March 1716 at Pasajes) - Wrecked 31 December 1718
  • San Felipe 70 (launched 25 May 1716 at Sant Feliú de Guíxols) - Captured by Britain at the Battle of Cape Passaro 11 August 1918; taken to Port Mahon (Menorca) where blew up by accident.
  • Santa Isabel 60 (launched 7 September 1716 at Pasajes) - Captured by Britain at the Battle of Cape Passaro 11 August 1718, BU c. 1731
  • Hermione 50 (Acquired 1716) - Stricken 1721
  • San Isidro 50 (1716) - Captured by Britain at the Battle of Cape Passaro 11 August 1718, BU c. 1731
  • San Carlos 60 (launched 1717 at Orio) - Captured by Britain at the Battle of Cape Passaro 11 August 1718, BU c. 1731
  • San Juan Bautista 60 (launched 1 January 1717 at Pasajes) - Wrecked 26 December 1719
  • San Luis 60 (launched 26 February 1717 at Orio) - Wrecked 10 May 1720
  • Hércules 50 (Acquired 1716) - Stricken 1718
  • San Fernando 60 (launched 26 February 1717 at Orio) - Scuttled 14 November 1719
  • Príncipe de Asturias 70 (1695, ex-Genovese, sold 1717, ex-French Cumberland, sold 1715, ex-British HMS Cumberland 80, captured 1707) - Captured by Britain at the Battle of Cape Passaro 11 August 1718, sold to Austria 1720, renamed San Carlos, finally to Neapolitan Navy as San Carlo (thus earning the distinction of service in six countries' navies). BU 1733.
  • Santa Rosa Palermo (Santa Rosalia) 60 (1717?, ex-Piedmontese, captured 1718) - Scuttled 1719
  • Victoria 60 (1717?, ex-Piedmontese, captured 1718) - Scuttled 1719
  • Triunfo 60/66 (1717?, ex-Piedmontese, captured 1718) - Scuttled 1719
  • Cambi 60/66 (launched 27 November 1718 at Sant Feliú de Guíxols) - Burnt 1725
  • Catalán 62 (launched 12 January 1719 at Sant Feliú de Guíxols) - Stricken 1731
  • (6 battleships) - Burnt on stocks at Pasajes, 1719
  • (3 battleships) - Burnt on stocks at Santoña, 1719
  • Conde de Tolosa (San José) 56/58 (purchased 1718 from France) - Wrecked 15 October 1724
  • Conquistador 62/64 (ex-Genovese, sold 1720, ex-French, sold 1711, ex-British HMS Gloucester 60, captured 1709) - Stricken 16 November 1728
  • San Francisco 62 (Acquired 1720) - Wrecked 1739
  • Sanguineto (Estrella del Mar) 64 (purchased 30 July 1720 at Genoa) - Stricken 1730
  • Lanfranco (Nuestra Señora del Pilar) 62 (purchased 28 September 1720 at Genoa) - Wrecked 1739
  • Gran Princesa de los Cielos 80 (purchased 2 October 1720 at Genoa) - wrecked 1 April 1726
  • Infante 60 (purchased 15 November 1720 at Genoa) - Wrecked 15 July 1733
  • San Foit (San Jorge) 60 (purchased June 1721 at Amsterdam) - Stricken December 1721
  • Gallo Indiano 58 (purchased 1723, built at Tlacotalpan) - Wrecked 15 July 1733
  • Potencia 58 (Acquired 1723) - Stricken 1738
  • San Esteban 50 (1723) - Stricken 1745
  • San Luis 62/66 (launched 1724 at Guarnizo) - Stricken 1745
  • San Fernando 62 (launched 1724 at Guarnizo) - Hulked 1746
  • San Francisco Javier 50/52 (1724) - Hulked 1749
  • San Juan 54/60 (1724) - Stricken 1741
  • San Felipe 70 (launched 11 September 1726 at Guarnizo) - Scuttled 5 April 1741
  • San Carlos 66 (launched 11 September 1726 at Guarnizo) - Scuttled 5 April 1741
  • Incendio (San Lorenzo) 58 (1726) - Wrecked 1739
  • San Francisco de Asís 52 (ex-Dutch, captured 1726) - Hulked 1735
  • San Antonio 60 (launched 1 January 1727 at Guarnizo) - Stricken 1750
  • Retiro (San Geronimo) 54 (1727) - Sold 1737
  • Rosa 56 (1727) - Wrecked 1736
  • Paloma Indiana 52 (1727) - Stricken 1745
  • Fuerte (Nuestra Señora de Guadalupe) 60 (launched 1727 at Havana) - Sold 1739
  • Constante (San Dionisio) 60 (launched 1728 at Havana) - Wrecked 22 February 1730

The First French phase - 1729 to 1750[edit]

  • Santa Ana 70 (launched 14 February 1729 at Guarnizo) - Stricken 30 November 1745
  • Victoria 50 (launched 14 February 1729 at Guarnizo) - Wrecked 1738
  • Santiago 60 (launched 1729 at Guarnizo) - Stricken 29 November 1745
  • Reina 70 (launched 14 July 1729 at Guarnizo) - Stricken 3 July 1743
  • Santa Isabel 80 (launched 17 January 1730 at Guarnizo) - Stricken 1747
  • Castilla 62 (launched 17 January 1730 at Pasajes) - Stricken 1736
  • Andalucía (Nuestra Señora del Carmen) 62 (launched 17 January 1730 at Pasajes) - Wrecked September 1740
  • Santa Teresa 60/62 (launched 17 January 1730 at Pasajes) - Stricken 1 November 1743
  • Hércules 60 (launched 14 April 1729 at Cadiz) - Stricken 1749
  • Galicia 60/70 (launched 26 April 1730 at Ferrol) - Scuttled 5 April 1741, captured and raised by Britain, renamed Galicia Prize, scuttled 1742(?)
  • Conquistador 62 (launched 9 November 1730 at Havana) - Scuttled 5 April 1741
  • Rubí 60 (launched 31 July 1731 at Pasajes) - Wrecked 15 October 1733
  • Princesa 70 (launched 17 August 1731 at Guarnizo) - Captured by Britain 19 April 1740, renamed Princessa, sold 1784
  • Príncipe 70 (launched 17 August 1731 at Guarnizo) - Stricken 11 July 1746
  • Genovés 54 (Acquired 1730) - Wrecked 1740
  • Carmen 64 (1730) - BU 1764
  • Fama Volante 52 (Acquired 1730 at Genoa) - Stricken 1740
  • León 70 (launched 27 August 1731 at Ferrol) - Stricken 1749
  • Guipúzcoa 60/64 (launched 19 August 1731 at Pasajes) - Wrecked 1741
  • Galga 56 (1731) - Wrecked 1750
  • Real Felipe 112 (launched 1732 at Guarnizo) - Stricken 1750
  • San Isidro 62 (launched 1732 at Guarnizo) - Scuttled March 1742
  • Constante (San Cristobal) 64/66 (1732) - Sold 1746
  • África (San Jose) 64 (1732) - Scuttled 1741
  • Real Familia 60 (1732) - BU 1750
  • Europa (Nuestra Señora del Pilar) 64 (1734) - Scuttled 1762
  • Asia (Nuestra Señora de Loreto) 64 (1735) - Stricken 1746
  • Nueva España 60 (1735) - Sold 1752
  • América (Nuestra Señora de Belen) 64 (1736) - Captured by Britain 1762, released?
  • Esperanza 50 (launched 21 December 1735 at Havana) - Stricken 1747
  • Dragón (Santa Rosa de Lima) 64 (launched 28 June 1737 at Havana) - Scuttled 5 April 1741
  • Castilla (Santo Cristo de Burgos) 60 (launched 13 June 1737 at Havana) - Wrecked 1747
  • Invencible (San Ignacio) 70 (1739) - Burnt 1741
  • Glorioso (Nuestra Señora de Belen) 70 (1739) - Captured by Britain 19 October 1747
  • Bizarra (Nuestra Señora de Guadalupe) 50 (launched 13 March 1739 at Havana) - Sold 23 March 1759 at Havana
  • Poder 66 (Acquired 1740) - Captured by Britain at the Battle of Toulon, 1744, recaptured and scuttled, 1744
  • Soberbio 66 (Acquired 1740) - Sold 1746
  • Brillante 66 (Acquired 1740) - Sold 1746
  • Neptuno 66 (Acquired 1740) - Sold 1748
  • Halcón 60 (Acquired 1740) - Sold 1748
  • Oriente 64 (Acquired 1740) - Sold 1746
  • Ave de Gracia 50 (Acquired 1742) - Sold 1744
  • Nueva España 70 (1743) - Sold 1752
  • Reina 70 (launched 27 May 1743 at Havana) - Captured by Britain 1762, same name, sold 1775
  • Invencible (San Jose) 70 (launched 19 December 1743 at Havana) - Burnt 1750
  • San Felipe 70 (launched 23 December 1743 at Guarnizo) - Stricken 14 January 1762
  • Conquistador (Jesus, Maria y José) 64 (launched 28 January 1745 at Havana) - Captured by Britain 1748
  • Dragón 60 (launched 2 May 1745 at Havana) - Wrecked 29 May 1783
  • África (San Francisco de Asis) 70 (launched 17 August 1746 at Havana) - Scuttled 1748
  • Vencedor (Santo Tomas) 70 (launched 22 December 1746 at Havana) - Burnt 1750
  • Tigre (San Lorenzo) 70/74 (launched 17 December 1747 at Havana) - Captured by Britain 11 August 1762, same name, sold 1784
  • Rayo class, both ordered 1 July 1847 at Havana
  • Princesa class, ordered 1847-48 at Havana
    • Princesa (Santa Barbara) 74 (launched 15 September 1750 at Havana) - Captured by Britain at the Battle of Cape Santa Maria, 16 January 1780, renamed HMS Princessa, BU 1809
    • Infante (San Luis Gonzaga) 70/74 (launched 20 June 1750 at Havana) - Captured by Britain 11 August 1762, renamed HMS Infanta, sold 1775
    • Galicia (Santiago el Mayor) 70/74 (launched 3 August 1750 at Havana) - Stricken 1797

The English phase - 1750 to 1764[edit]

  • San Fernando class
    • San Fernando 64 (launched 1751 at Ferrol) - Wrecked 3 January 1769
    • Castilla 64 (launched 1751 at Ferrol) - wrecked 1771
    • Asia 64 (launched 17 March 1752 at Ferrol) - Scuttled 11 June 1762
  • Septentrion 64 (launched 26 December 1751 at Cartagena) - Wrecked 1783
  • África 74 (launched 20 November 1752 at Cadiz) - stricken 8 August 1806 and BU 1809
  • Oriente (San Diego de Alcala) 74 (launched 15 August 1753 at Ferrol) - Stricken 27 September 1806
  • Eolo (San Juan de Dios) 68 (launched 1753 at Ferrol) - Stricken 20 March 1864
  • Aquilón (San Dámaso) 68 (launched 10 March 1754 at Ferrol) - Captured by Britain 11 August 1762, retaining same name, later renamed HMS Moro, BU 1770
  • Serio class, all ordered April 1852 at Guarnizo
    • Serio 68/74 (launched December 1753 at Guarnizo) - BU 1805
    • Poderoso 68/74 (launched January 1754 at Guarnizo) - Wrecked 1779
    • Soberbio 68/74 (launched March 1754 at Guarnizo) - Stricken 23 June 1764
    • Arrogante 68 (launched March 1754 at Guarnizo) - Scuttled 16 February 1797
  • Firme 74 (launched 22 June 1754 at Cadiz) - Captured by Britain 22 July 1805, retaining same name, BU 1814
  • Neptuno (San Justo) 68 (launched 6 July 1754 at Ferrol) - Scuttled 11 August 1762
  • Tridente 74 (launched 15 July 1754 at Cartagena) - Stricken 1771
  • Brillante (San Dionisio) 74 (launched 20 August 1754 at Ferrol) - Burnt 10 October 1790
  • Aquiles 74 (launched 5 September 1754 at Cadiz) - Stricken 7 August 1790
  • Gallardo (San Juan de Sahagún) 74 (launched 18 October 1754 at Ferrol) - Scuttled 16 February 1797
  • Terrible 74 (launched 10 November 1754 at Cartagena) - Stricken 1811
  • Magnánimo (San Pastor) 74 (launched 30 November 1754 at Ferrol) - Wrecked 12 July 1794
  • Atlante 74 (launched 21 December 1754 at Cartagena) - transferred to France 22 September 1801, renamed Atlas 1803, captured by Spain 1808, same name, BU 1817
  • Arrogante 74 (-) - Burnt on stocks at Ferrol, 1754
  • Glorioso (San Francisco Javier) 74 (launched 29 January 1755 at Ferrol) - stricken 5 May 1818 to BU
  • Guerrero (San Raimundo) 74 (launched 27 March 1755 at Ferrol) - BU 1844
  • Vencedor (San Julian) 74 (launched 11 June 1755 at Ferrol) - transferred to France 1806, renamed Argonaute, captured by Spain 1808, renamed Vencedor, wrecked 1810
  • Soberano (San Gregorio) 74 (launched 9 August 1755 at Ferrol) - Captured by Britain 11 August 1762, retaining same name, BU 1770
  • Héctor (San Bernardo) 68/74 (launched 22 September 1755 at Ferrol) - stricken 11 June 1768 and BU 1790
  • Hércules 68/74 (launched 1756 at Guarnizo) - stricken 4 July 1761
  • Contento 70 (launched 1756 at Guarnizo) - stricken 6 October 1761
  • Triunfante 70/74 (launched 1 February 1756 at Ferrol) - Wrecked 5 January 1795
  • Constante 68 (1756) - Stricken 1790
  • Dichoso 70/74 (launched 18 March 1756 at Ferrol) - Stricken 15 October 1784
  • Monarca 70/74 (launched 13 June 1756 at Ferrol) - Captured by Britain at the Battle of Cape Santa Maria, 1780, retaining same name, sold 1791
  • Diligente 68/74 (launched 25 September 1756 at Ferrol) - Captured by Britain at the Battle of Cape Santa Maria, 1780, renamed HMS Diligence, BU 1784
  • España 68 (aunched 1757 at Cádiz) - Stricken to BU 12 December 1807
  • Peruano 50 (launched 1757 at Guayaquil) - Sold 26 January1790
  • Campeón 60 (launched 27 January 1758 at Ferrol) - Hulked 1778, BU 1824
  • Conquistador 60 (launched 29 July 1758 at Cádiz) - Captured by Britain 11 August 1762, retaining same name, stricken 1782
  • Astuto (San Eustaquio) 58/60 (launched 10 April 1759 at Havana) - BU 1810
  • Príncipe 74 (launched 23 December 1759 at Guarnizo) - Sold 15 May 1776
  • Victorioso 74 (launched early 1760 at Guarnizo) - Sold 15 May 1776
  • San Carlos 80 (-) - Destroyed on stocks at Havana, 1762
  • Santiago 80 (-) - Destroyed on stocks at Havana, 1762
  • Buen Consejo 60 (purchased 18 November 1761 at Genoa) - stricken 8 July 1762
  • San Genaro 60 (launched 27 October 1761 at Havana) - Captured by Britain 11 August 1762, retaining same name, lost 1763
  • San Antonio 60 (launched 17 December 1761 at Havana) - Captured by Britain 11 August 1762, retaining same name, sold 1775
  • Velasco 68 (launched 18 August 1764 at Cartagena) - stricken 4 September 1796

The Second French phase - 1765 to 1782[edit]

  • San Carlos class. Built (all at Havana) as 80-gun (Third Rate) ships, with a length of 197 Burgos feet (180 British feet), these ships were later reconstructed as 94-gun Second Rates, and in the case of the San Carlos, as a First Rate (three-decker) of 112 guns.
    • San Carlos 80 (launched 30 April 1765) - Converted to 112-gun 3-decker in 1801, BU 1819
    • San Fernando 80 (launched 29 July 1765) - Stricken 8 October 1813 and sold 1815
    • San Luis 80 (launched 30 September 1767) - Stricken 4 August 1789 and BU
  • San Genaro 74 (launched 23 December 1765 at Cartagena) - transferred to France on 24 July 1801, renamed Ulysse, later renamed Tourville, stricken 1822
  • América (or Santiago) 68 (launched 7 August 1766 at Havana) - BU 1823
  • San Juan Nepomuceno 74 (launched 18 October 1766 at Guarnizo) - captured by Britain at the Battle of Trafalgar, 21 October 1805, renamed HMS San Juan, sold 1818[2]
  • San Pascual Bailon 74 (launched 16 December 1766 at Guarnizo) - BU 1797
  • San Francisco de Asis 74 (launched 15 March 1767 at Guarnizo) - Wrecked after the Battle of Trafalgar, 23 October 1805[3]
  • Santa Isabel 74 (launched 30 April 1767 at Cartagena) - BU 1803
  • San Vicente Ferrer 80 (launched 23 April 1768 at Cartagena) - Scuttled 16 February 1797
  • San Isidro 74 (launched 2 May 1768 at Ferrol) - Captured by Britain at the Battle of Cape St Vincent, 14 February 1797, sold 1814
  • San Julián 74 (launched 10 December 1768 at Ferrol) - Captured by Britain and recaptured at the Battle of Cape Santa Maria, 1780, wrecked 1780
  • San Lorenzo 74 (launched 10 October 1768 at Guarnizo) - BU 1815
  • San Agustín 74/80 (launched 9 December 1768 at Guarnizo) - Captured by Portugal 1776, returned 1777, captured and scuttled by Britain at the Battle of Trafalgar, 21 October 1805[4]
  • San Francisco de Paula 70/74 (launched 12 January 1769 at Havana) - Burned 1784
  • Santo Domingo 74 (1769) - Blew up at the Battle of Cape Santa Maria, 1780
  • Nuestra Señora de la Santísima Trinidad 112, later 120 (1769) - Converted to 144-gun 4-decker in 1796, reduced to 136, captured by Britain at the Battle of Trafalgar, 1805, sank the next day[5]
  • San Nicolás Bari 80 (launched 5 April 1769 at Cartagena) - Captured by Britain at the Battle of Cape St Vincent, 14 February 1797, renamed HMS San Nicholas, sold 1814
  • San José 74/76 (launched 14 December 1769 at Havana) - Wrecked 8 April 1780
  • San Pedro Apóstol class
    • San Pedro Apóstol 74 (launched 31 December 1770 at Ferrol) - Stricken 1801
    • San Pablo 74 (launched 15 March 1771 at Ferrol) - Renamed Soberano 1814, BU January 1856
    • San Gabriel 74 (launched 5 March 1772 at Ferrol) - Stricken 10 August 1909
  • San Pedro Alcántara 68 (1771) - Wrecked 1786
  • San Joaquín 74 (launched 14 June 1771 at Cartagena) - BU 1817
  • San Rafael 80 (launched 8 August 1771 at Havana) - Captured by Britain at the Battle of Cape Finisterre, 22 July 1805, retaining same name, sold 1810
  • San Juan Bautista 74 (launched 1 August 1772 at Cartagena) - Stricken 5 April 1809
  • Ángel de la Guarda 74 (launched 18 September 1773 at Cartagena) - BU 1810
  • San Miguel 74 (launched January 1774 at Havana) - Stranded and captured by Britain 11 October 1782, retaining same name, sold 1791
  • San Ramón 68 (launched 6 April 1775 at Havana) - Aground in storm and burnt by the French 1810
  • San Eugenio 80 (launched 29 June 1775 at Ferrol) - BU 1804
  • San Dámaso 74 (launched 30 March 1776 at Cartagena) - Scuttled 16 February 1797, captured by Britain and refloated, sold 1814
  • San Isidoro 64 (ex-Neapolitan, transferred 1776) - Wrecked 26 October 1794
  • San Leandro 64 (ex-Neapolitan, transferred 1776) - Sold 1784
  • Purísima Concepción class
  • Miño 54 (launched 1 February 1779 at Ferrol) - BU 1814
  • Castilla (or San Félix) 64 (launched 1 February 1779 at Ferrol) - Aground in storm & burnt by the French 1810
  • San Justo 74 (launched 11 November 1779 at Cartagena) - BU 1824[6] or 1828
  • Santo Domingo 64 (launched 26 January 1781 at Ferrol) - BU 1807
  • San Felipe Apostol 64 (launched 22 June 1781 at Ferrol) - Sold to the Netherlands on 8 July 1794, renamed Overijssel, captured by Britain 1795, retaining same name, sold 1822
  • San Julián 60 (launched 31 August 1781 at Cartagena) - BU 1830
  • San Fermín 74 (launched 29 March 1782 at Pasajes) - BU 1808
  • San Sebastián 74 (launched 1783 at Pasajes) - transferred to France in May 1799, renamed Alliance, stricken 1807

The Period of Spanish Consolidation - 1782 to 1807[edit]

  • Santa Ana class (also called los Meregildos)
    • Santa Ana 112 (launched 29 September 1784 at Ferrol) - Stricken 1812[7]
    • Mejicano (San Hipólito) 112 (launched 20 January 1786 at Havana) - Stricken 8 October 1813 and sold 1815
    • Conde de Regla 112 (launched 4 November 1786 at Havana) - Strricken 14 July 1810 and BU 1811
    • Salvador del Mundo 112 (launched 2 May 1787 at Ferrol) - Captured by Britain at the Battle of Cape St Vincent, 14 February 1797, retaining same name, BU 1815
    • Real Carlos 112 (launched 4 November 1787 at Havana) - Blew up in action, 12 July 1801
    • San Hermenegildo 112 (launched 20 January 1789 at Havana) - Blew up in action, 12 July 1801
    • Reina Luisa 112 (launched 12 September 1791 at Ferrol) - Renamed Fernando VII 1809, wrecked 9 December 1815
    • Príncipe de Asturias 112 (launched 28 January 1794 at hasvana) - Stricken 1812,[8] BU 1814
  • Bahama 74 (launched 11 March 1784 at Havana) - Captured by Britain at the Battle of Trafalgar, 21 October 1805, retaining same name, BU 1814[9]
  • San Antonio 74 (launched 16 July 1785 at Cartagena) - transferred to France on 21 March 1801, renamed Saint Antoine, captured by Britain 1801, renamed San Antonio, sold 1828
  • San Ildefonso class
    • San Ildefonso 74 (launched 22 January 1785 at Cartagena) - Captured by Britain at the Battle of Trafalgar, 21 October 1805, retaining same name, BU 1816[10]
    • San Telmo 74 (launched 20 June 1788 at Ferrol) - Lost off Cape Horn 1819
    • San Francisco de Paula 74 (launched 20 December 1788 at Cartagena) - BU 1823
    • Europa 74 (launched 19 October 1789 at Ferrol) - Stricken 1801
    • Intrépido 74 (launched 20 November 1790 at Ferrol) - transferred to France 1 July 1801, renamed Intrépide, captured by Britain at the Battle of Trafalgar and sank in storm, 1805
    • Conquistador 74 (launched 9 December 1791 at Cartagena) - transferred to France 23 April 1802, renamed Conquérant, stricken 1804
    • Infante Don Pelayo 74 (launched 22 November 1792 at Havana) - transferred to France 23 April 1802, renamed Desaix, stricken 1804
    • Monarca 74 (launched 17 March 1794 at Ferrol) - Captured by Britain at the Battle of Trafalgar and wrecked in storm, 23 October 1805[11]
  • San Leandro 64 (launched 27 November 1787 at Ferrol) - Stricken 1813[12]
  • Asia 64 (launched 9 December 1789 at Havana) - Mutinied and handed over to Mexico 1825, BU 1830
  • Soberano 74 (launched 25 August 1790 at Havana) - BU 1809
  • San Fulgencio 64/68 (1787) - Stricken 1814
  • San Pedro Alcántara 64 (1788) - Burned 1815
  • Le Ferme 74 (1785, ex-French Phocion, defected 1793, ex-La Ferme, renamed 1792) - Stricken 1808
  • Montañés class. Two were ordered at Ferrol in late 1792 and the third in November 1795. Although the first of these ships was rated at 74 guns and the other two at 80 guns, all three were built to the same design (by Julian Retamosa) and each actually carried 80 guns.
  • Censeur 74 (1782, ex-French, transferred 1799) - BU
  • Argonauta 74 (1789, ex-French Argonaute, transferred 1808) - Wrecked 1810
  • Héroe 80 (1801, ex-French Heros, captured 1808 at Cadiz) - Stricken 1839
  • Algeciras 80 (1804, ex-French Algésiras, captured 1808 at Cadiz) - Stricken 1826
  • Neptuno 80 (1803, ex-French Neptune, captured 1808 at Cadiz) - BU 1820
  • Plutón 74 (1805, ex-French Pluton, captured 1808 at Cadiz) - Renamed Montañés, BU 1816
  • Emprendedor 86 (-) - BU 1808 or later (never completed)
  • Tridente 76 (-) - BU 1808 or later (never completed)
  • Real Familia 114 (-) - BU 1808 or later (never completed)

The Final phase - 1808 to 1854[edit]

Spain built no further ships of the line after 1808 for nearly half a century, although five 74-gun ships were acquired from Russia. Finally, two 86-gun ships were ordered in 1850 and laid down on 19 November and 2 December 1850 respectively.

  • Fernando VII 74 (1813, ex-Russian Neptunus, sold 1818) - Stricken 1823
  • Alejandro I 74 (1813, ex-Russian Drezden, sold 1818) - Stricken 1823
  • Numancia I 74 (1813, ex-Russian Liubek, sold 1818) - BU 1823
  • España 74 (1811, ex-Russian Nord-Adler, sold 1818) - Stricken 1821
  • Velasco 74 (1810, ex-Russian Tri Sviatitelei, sold 1818) - Stricken 1821
  • Reina Doña Isabel II 86 (launched 13 October 1852 at Carraca) - stricken 18 July 1867 but still extant 1885, BU
  • Rey Don Francisco de Asís 86 (launched 18 September 1854 at Ferrol) - Decommissioned 1876, BU

References[edit]

  1. ^ p208-9, 217-8, Goodwin The Ships of Trafalgar, the British, French and Spanish Fleets October 1805
  2. ^ p208-9, 230-2, Goodwin The Ships of Trafalgar, the British, French and Spanish Fleets October 1805
  3. ^ p208-9, 227, Goodwin The Ships of Trafalgar, the British, French and Spanish Fleets October 1805
  4. ^ p208-9, 226-7, Goodwin The Ships of Trafalgar, the British, French and Spanish Fleets October 1805
  5. ^ p208-212, Goodwin The Ships of Trafalgar, the British, French and Spanish Fleets October 1805
  6. ^ p208-9, 232-3, Goodwin The Ships of Trafalgar, the British, French and Spanish Fleets October 1805
  7. ^ p208-9, 214-7, Goodwin The Ships of Trafalgar, the British, French and Spanish Fleets October 1805
  8. ^ p208-9, 212-4, Goodwin The Ships of Trafalgar, the British, French and Spanish Fleets October 1805
  9. ^ p208-9, 23-5, Goodwin The Ships of Trafalgar, the British, French and Spanish Fleets October 1805
  10. ^ p208-9, 228-30, Goodwin The Ships of Trafalgar, the British, French and Spanish Fleets October 1805
  11. ^ p208-9, 225-6, Goodwin The Ships of Trafalgar, the British, French and Spanish Fleets October 1805
  12. ^ p208-9, 233-4, Goodwin The Ships of Trafalgar, the British, French and Spanish Fleets October 1805
  13. ^ p208-9, 220-1, Goodwin The Ships of Trafalgar, the British, French and Spanish Fleets October 1805
  14. ^ p208-9, 222-3, Goodwin The Ships of Trafalgar, the British, French and Spanish Fleets October 1805
  15. ^ p208-9, 219-20, Goodwin The Ships of Trafalgar, the British, French and Spanish Fleets October 1805
  • Harbron, J, Trafalgar and the Spanish navy (1988) ISBN 0-87021-695-3
  • Garcia-Torralba Perez, Enrique, Navios de la Real Armada 1700-1860 (2014)

See also[edit]

Media related to Ships of the line of Spain at Wikimedia Commons