Naked News is a Canadian news and entertainment program owned by Naked Broadcasting Network. It features naked women reading news bulletins derived from news wires; the show's production studio is located in Canada. There are 6 new daily programs a week, that run 22-minute in length; the female cast members read the news nude or disrobe as they present their various segments, including entertainment, movies, food and relationships. Naked News TV! is an offshoot of the web program and is broadcast on pay TV in various countries around the world. The show recruits women from around the world, to either appear as guest reporters, or to appear on a regular basis, their audition feature, where amateur women try out for the program, is one of their most popular segments and generates the most feedback from its viewers. Another segment that generates a lot of interest is called Naked In The Streets; this is where a reporter will go topless in the street and speak to the general public about various topics.
Naked News was conceived by Fernando Pereira and Kirby Stasyna and debuted in December 1999 as a web-based news service featuring an all-female cast. It began with only one anchor, Victoria Sinclair, who worked for the program until 2015; as the show grew the number of female anchors increased. Roxanne West joined Sinclair as a lead anchor, other cast members included Holly Weston, Lily Kwan, Sandrine Renard, Erin Sherwood, Athena King, Brooke Roberts, Michelle Pantoliano, Erica Stevens, Samantha Page, Christine Kerr and Valentina Taylor, plus guest anchors; the website was popularized by word of mouth, became a popular web destination. During the height of its popularity, the website was receiving over six million unique visitors per month. In the site's early days the entire newscast could be viewed for free online; the site was supported by advertising but this changed after the collapse of Internet advertising that occurred with the dot-com crash. By 2002 only one news segment could be viewed and by 2004, no free content remained on the website.
Beginning in 2005, a nudity-free version of Naked News was available to non-subscribers. Beginning in June 2008, two news segments could be viewed freely. However, this ended in December 2009. Following the success of The Naked Truth, a similar show on Russian television, Naked News launched Naked News TV!, the first Internet news program to transfer from website to cable television. It was broadcast on Viewers Choice in Canada in 2001, was first broadcast in the United States a few months by the iN DEMAND cable TV service on its Too Much for TV pay-per-view network that included Girls Gone Wild. In 2002 it was broadcast in Australia on The Comedy Channel via cable and satellite television platforms Foxtel and Austar; the British channel Sumo TV showed episodes of Naked News, while the free-to-view Playboy One broadcast the show at 9:30pm Mondays-Fridays until its closure in 2008. Naked News launched a Japanese version of the show in 2006. Japanese broadcasting regulations prohibited the presenters from being naked, allowing them only to strip to their underwear.
In 2007 the Japanese government changed broadcasting guidelines to prevent the show receiving a subsidy for the section delivered in sign language. A male version of the show was created in 2001 to parallel the female version, but has ceased production as it did not enjoy the female version's popularity and fame. Although it was targeted towards female viewers, the male show promoted itself as news from a queer perspective; the male version closed in 2007. In 2013 the Naked News show was the subject of an eight-part documentary series called Naked News Uncovered, broadcast on Super Channel in Canada; the female announcers have been featured in every medium including television and magazines, as guests on multiple radio shows, including Howard Stern. In the late 1990s, British cable television channel L! VE TV broadcast Tiffani's Big City Tips, in which model Tiffani Banister gave the financial news while stripping to her underwear. Comédie+ – In 2001, this French cable TV network ran a series promos featuring males and females casually undressing as they read jokes.
In 2006 they copied the Naked News format in its entirety in a striptease newscast called Les Nuz, except the anchors keep their bottom underwear on. Radio Tango – In 2001 this radio station based in Oslo, Norway began featuring stripping female weather readers in their broadcasts and on their website. A similar phenomenon by the name "Noodie News" appears in Canadian Margaret Atwood's 2003 novel Oryx and Crake. Počasíčko was Czech TV Nova's past-10PM featurette launched in January 1998 where a nude woman got dressed in clothing appropriate for the next day's weather forecast; this was discontinued after several years and returned as web-only in February 2007. When Nova launched a new online portal in May 2008, it included a "Red News" section causing controversy. In June 2009 plans for Naked News Korea were announced, it featured a similar format with less nudity. This was revealed to be a scam. After a month of operations, Naked News Korea, which featured topless news anchors, abruptly closed down amid allegations that the CEO, John Chau, disappeared with all of the company's money.
Although Chau bought the naming rights from the Naked News, it was
British Naturism is a members organisation with both individual and organisation members. It promotes Naturism in the United Kingdom, it is recognised by the International Naturist Federation as the official national naturist organisation in that country. In the British legal context: Naturism is used to describe the activities of persons who espouse nudity as part of their lifestyle. Whilst many naturists will restrict their activities to specially designated areas and/or places where there is a tradition of naked activity, such as nudist beaches, others may wish to enjoy nudity more widely; the law recognises that a balance needs to be struck between the naturist's right to freedom of expression and the right of the wider public to be protected from harassment and distress. As a member of the International Naturist Federation, British Naturism adopted the 1974 Declaration Agde that states that naturism is: a lifestyle in harmony with nature, expressed through social nudity, characterised by self-respect of people with different opinions and of the environment.
British Naturism traces its origins to 1891 when a short lived society called the "Fellowship for the Naked Trust" was formed in British India. This trust had ideals and principles similar to many organisations; the Camp was the first naturist club to be established in the United Kingdom. It was set up by someone known only as Moonella and existed at a country house near Wickford in Essex between 1924 and 1927, it was replaced by a new venue called "The New Camp" near St. Albans; this and several others were able to form the British Sun Bathers Association in 1943. Harold Booth published articles pertaining to naturism in many magazines at the turn of the century, in 1922 the English Gymnosophical Society was formed as a direct result of his work, it had a site in Wickford, which it used during the summer, in winter it held meetings in London. By 1926 the EGS was renamed the New Gymnosophy Society and had a site at Bricket Wood, Hertfordshire which has subsequently been used by many different clubs.
Concurrent to this, naturism was practised at the Welsh Harp in Hendon from as early as 1921. From this sprang the National Sun and Air Association which ran national advertisement campaigns, as well as running a gymnasium in Westbourne Grove, London. By 1937, membership of this society was running at over 2000. N. F. Barford had formed his Sun Bathing Society which promoted sun and air bathing for families, during the same period. In 1943 the British Sun Bathers Association was formed and became recognised as a national federation of clubs, which by 1951 had 51 member clubs or groups. However, by 1953, personal and ideological differences led to the formation of the rival Federation of British Sun Clubs. Both organisations existed until their merger in 1964 to create the Central Council for British Naturism. By 2006, CCBN was referred to as'British Naturism' but changed the name to'British Naturism' at the 2009 AGM. In 2009, it claimed a membership of about 13,000. Notable milestones in the development of naturism in the United Kingdom included: 1957 - Naturist films shown in cinemas.
1958 - International Naturist Federation congress in Britain. 1965 - The hire of public baths for naturist swimming began. 1970 - International Naturist Federation congress in Britain. 1978 - International Naturist Federation congress in Britain, the setting aside of designated naturist beaches. 2003 - Parliament repeals all offences that explicitly make nudity an offence. 2007 - Parliament repeals the enabling power for councils to make bye-laws regulating standards of clothing to be worn for bathing. 2008 - Opinion Poll on behalf of British Naturism shows the number of people in the UK who describe themselves as'naturist' or'nudist' to be 3.7 million. 2012 - First British Naturism National Convention held at Ilam Hall Youth Hostel 2013 - Second British Naturism National Convention held at Yarnfield Park Staffordshire 2016 - Third British Naturism National Convention held at the Melville Hotel, from 14 to 16 October British Naturism has sought legal and political protection against discrimination for naturists in the United Kingdom, where an opinion poll in 2008 estimated the number of people describing themselves as naturist or nudist at 3.7 million.
It runs public facing campaigns, including Women in Naturism, which encourages women to try naturist activity, Bare all for polar bears which seeks to raise money for environmental conservation and The Great British Skinny Dip, which encourages costume free swimming events to be run, not just by naturist clubs, but public pools, spas and natural settings such as lakes. The 2016 Great British Skinny Dip was held over the weekend of 2 to 4 September, with around 30 locations hosting events. In April 2018, British Naturism announced that in discussion with the senior officer at the police college a mutually satisfactory solution was reached, the resultant preamble and "decision tree" for dealing with complaints about public nudity has been uploaded to the Police Training manuals. Naturism is protected as a philosophical belief by the Equalities Act of 2010 and section 66 of the 2003 Sexual Offences Act. Section 5 of the Public Order Act 1986 does not apply to passive nudity; the Crown Prosecution Service issued guidance in 2013, now serving police officers have advice online and in their training manual.
Using nudity for "intentional harassment, alarm or distress" remains an offence under Section 4A of the Public Order Act. British Naturism has an active youth group for naturists under 35 called Young British Naturists shortened to YBN. Official website Young British Naturists (YB
Massage is the manipulation of soft tissues in the body. Massage techniques are applied with hands, elbows, forearms, feet, or a device; the purpose of massage is for the treatment of body stress or pain. A person, professionally trained to give massages was traditionally known as a masseur or a masseuse, but those titles are outmoded, carry some negative connotations. In the United States, the title massage therapist has been recognized as a business norm for those who have been professionally trained to give massages. In professional settings, clients are treated while lying on a massage table, sitting in a massage chair, or lying on a mat on the floor. In amateur settings, a general purpose surface like a bed or the floor is more common. Aquatic massage and bodywork is performed with recipients submersed or floating in a warm-water therapy pool; the word comes from the French massage "friction of kneading", which, in turn, comes from the Arabic word مَسَّ massa meaning "to touch, feel". Others claim an origin from the Portuguese amassar "knead", from the Latin massa meaning "mass, dough", from the Greek verb μάσσω "to handle, touch, to work with the hands, to knead dough".
In distinction the ancient Greek word for massage was anatripsis, the Latin was frictio. Archaeological evidence of massage has been found in many ancient civilizations including China, Japan, Egypt, Rome and Mesopotamia. BC 2330: The Tomb of Akmanthor in Saqqara, Egypt depicts two men having work done on their feet and hands massage. BC 722-481: Huangdi Neijing is composed during the Chinese Spring and Autumn period; the Nei-jing is a compilation of medical knowledge known up to that date, is the foundation of Traditional Chinese Medicine. Massage is referred to in 30 different chapters of the Nei Jing, it specifies the use of different massage techniques and how they should be used in the treatment of specific ailments, injuries. Known as "The Yellow Emperor's Inner Canon", the text refers to previous medical knowledge from the time of the Yellow Emperor, misleading some into believing the text itself was written during the time of the Yellow Emperor. BC 762 "In the Iliad and the Odyssey the massage with oils and aromatic substances is mentioned as a means to relax the tired limbs of warriors and a way to help the treatment of wounds,"BC 700 Bian Que, the earliest known Chinese physician uses massage in medical practice.
BC 500 Jīvaka Komarabhācca known as Shivago Komarpaj, the founder of Traditional Thai massage and Thai medicine. According to the Pāli Buddhist Canon, Jivaka was Shakyamuni Buddha's physician, he codified a healing system that combines acupressure and assisted yoga postures. Traditional Thai massage is based on a combination of Indian and Chinese traditions of medicine. Jivaka is known today as "Father Doctor" in Thailand. BC 493: A possible biblical reference documents daily "treatments" with oil of myrrh as a part of the beauty regimen of the wives of Xerxes. BC 460: Hippocrates wrote "The physician must be experienced in many things, but assuredly in rubbing". BC 300 Charaka Samhita believed to be the oldest of the three ancient treatises of Ayurvedic medicine, including massage. Sanskrit records indicate that massage had been practiced in India long before the beginning of recorded history. AD 581: Dr Sun Si Miao introduces ten new massage techniques and systematized the treatment of childhood diseases using massage therapy.
AD 581: China establishes a department of massage therapy within the Office of Imperial Physicians. Middle-Ages: Medical knowledge, including that of massage, made its way from Rome to Persia in the Middle Ages. Many of Galen's manuscripts, for instance, were collected and translated by Hunayn ibn Ishaq in the 9th century. In the 11th century copies were translated back into Latin, again in the 15th and 16th centuries, when they helped enlighten European scholars as to the achievements of the Ancient Greeks; this renewal of the Galenic tradition during the Renaissance played a important part in the rise of modern science. One of the greatest Persian medics was Avicenna known as Ibn Sina, who lived from 980AD to 1037AD, his works included a comprehensive collection and systematisation of the fragmentary and unorganised Greco-Roman medical literature, translated Arabic by that time, augmented by notes from his own experiences. One of his books, Al-Qānūn fī aṭ-Ṭibb has been called the most famous single book in the history of medicine in both East and West.
Avicenna excelled in the logical assessment of conditions and comparison of symptoms and took special note of analgesics and their proper use as well as other methods of relieving pain, including massage. AD 1150: Evidence of massage abortion, involving the application of pressure to the pregnant abdomen, can be found in one of the bas reliefs decorating the temple of Angkor Wat in Cambodia, it depicts a demon performing such an abortion upon a woman, sent to the underworld. This is the oldest known visual representation of abortion. AD 1776: Jean Joseph Marie Amiot, Pierre-Martial Cibot, French missionaries in China translate summaries of Huangdi Neijing, including a list of medical plants and elaborate massage techniques, into the French language, thereby introducing Europe to the developed Chinese system of medicine, medical-gymnastics, medical-massage. AD 1776 Pehr Henrik Ling, a Swedish physical therapist, teacher of medical-gymnastics is born. Ling has been erroneously credited for having invented "Classic Massage" aka "Swedish Massage", has be
Freikörperkultur is a German movement whose name translates to Free Body Culture. It endorses a naturistic approach to sports and community living. Behind, the joy of the experience of nature or of being nude itself, without direct relationship to sexuality; the followers of this culture are called traditional naturists, FKK ` nudists. The German nudist movement was the first worldwide and marked the start of an increased acceptance of public nudity in Germany. Today, there are only few legal restrictions on public nudity in Germany. In many parts of central Europe up until the 18th century, people bathed naked in rivers and lakes, although separately by sex. Beginning in the late 18th century, public nudity became taboo. At the same time, Lord Monboddo practised and preached nude bathing as a revival of Ancient Greek attitudes toward nudity. In 1898 the first Freikörperkultur club was founded in Essen. In 1900 more and more Swedish baths arose in rooms in Berlin and on the North and Baltic seas and a naturist movement began in France.
The FKK movement was based on an attitude towards life where the naked body is not a source of shame. Freikörperkultur does not involve sexuality. Nakedness in the shower or sauna is not Freikörperkultur, since it is necessary. Nudity has to have prior group consent, therefore requires no reserved zones, such as separate beaches or club areas. With political liberalization, conservative circles challenged the nude baths which had become popular among urban intellectuals, seeing them as a corruption of morality; the first nude beach in Germany was established in 1920 on the island of Sylt. In 1933 after the Nazi Party came to power, nudist organizations were banned or integrated into Nazi organizations; the first dissertation about the FKK movement was written in the 1930s. The first naturist Olympic Games took place in Thielle in Switzerland in August 1939. In 1942 the first documented nude wedding was celebrated in California. In Germany the ban against nude swimming was softened by allowing nude swimming in remote areas in 1942.
In 1949, the Deutscher Verband für Freikörperkultur was founded, which today is a member of the German Olympic Sport Federation and the largest member of the International Naturist Federation. The first naturist holiday resorts were opened around 1950 in France; the nude beach in Kampen on the Sylt island in Germany was popular due to extensive media coverage. FKK resorts in Yugoslavia, France and on the Baltic Seacoast became popular holiday places. Naturist organizations gained many new members in the 1960s. Social nudism and FKK inspired Naturism was popular in East Germany because of a more secular cultural development. In the decades of the 20th century, naturism became popular outside Germany. Beach culture was intermixed – nude and dressed people would swim together and nudity was tolerated. One popular form of Freikörperkultur is Nacktwanderung translated as Naked hike, where a walking group will collectively hike through the open countryside, possible in Germany due to the liberal laws on non-sexual public nudity.
This attitude does not extend to German-speaking Switzerland. In response to an influx of German FKK enthusiasts crossing the Alps, the Swiss canton of Appenzell Innerrhoden, which became a popular destination for naked hiking, created laws making nude hiking illegal in 2009. Local regulatory authorities punished public nudity with fines, which many naked ramblers refused to pay. Many naked ramblers filed a group lawsuit, pleading for legalized nudity, but the case was dismissed in 2011. One naked rambler had to pay a fine after passing through a Christian rehab centre. In 2012, a naturist from Austria overflew Innerrhoden by parachute, but was caught by local authorities. Social nudity Naturism in Germany Naturism Lotte Herrlich regarded as the most important female photographer of German naturism www. DFK.org "Deutscher Verband für Freikörperkultur", earliest & largest German NGO for FKK www.inffni.org INF-FNI, International Naturist Federation
An art model poses for any visual artist as part of the creative process, providing a visual reference for the human figure in a work of art. However, more than being the subject of art, models are thought of as muses, a source of inspiration without whom the art would not exist; the most common types of art works that use models are figure drawing, figure painting and photography, but any medium may be used. Art models are paid professionals with skill and experience but are employed full-time, artists may rely on friends and family to pose. Paid art models are anonymous and unacknowledged subjects of the work. Models are most employed for art classes or by informal groups of artists that gather to share the expense of a model. Models are employed by professional artists. Although commercial motives dominate over aesthetics in illustration, its artwork employs models. For example, Norman Rockwell used his friends and neighbors as models for both his commercial and fine art work. An individual, having their own portrait painted or sculpted is called a "sitter" rather than a model, since they are paying to have the work done rather than being paid to pose.
Throughout the history of Western art, drawing the human figure from living models was considered the most effective way to develop the skill of draftsmanship. First, it is best to draw from life, rather than copying two dimensional images such as photographs. Second, an artist has a connection to drawing another human being that cannot exist with any other subject. Models for life drawing classes are nude. In the classroom setting, where the purpose is to learn how to draw the human form in all the different shapes and ethnicity, there are no real limitations on who the model can be. In some cases, the model may pose with various props, one or more other models, against real or artificial background, in natural or artificial light; the role of art models has changed through different eras as the meaning and importance of the human figure in art and society has changed. Nude modeling, nude art and nudity in general are at times subject to social disapproval, at least by some elements in society.
Poses can range in length from seconds to many hours. There is a drawing exercise where the model but continuously moves, but the shortest is one minute. Short dynamic poses are used for gesture drawing exercises or warm-ups, with the model taking strenuous or precarious positions that could not be sustained for a longer pose—just long enough for the artist to capture the essence of it. Drawing sessions proceed though groups of 5, 10, 15, or 20 minute poses for a total of three hours. Active, gestural, or challenging standing poses are scheduled at the beginning of a session when the models' energy level is highest. Specific exercises or lesson plans may require a particular type of pose, but more the model is expected to do a series of poses with little direction; the more a model knows about the types of exercises used to teach art, the better they become at posing. Posing for a typical figure artists' group Poses fall into three basic categories: standing and reclining. Within each of these there are varying levels of difficulty, so one kind is not always easier than another.
Artists and life drawing instructors will prefer poses in which the body is being exerted, for a more dynamic and aesthetically interesting subject. Common poses such as standing twists, slouched seated poses and the classical contrapposto are difficult to sustain for any amount of time, although it is surprising what a skilled model can do; the model's level of experience and skill may be taken into account in determining the length of the posing session and the difficulty of the poses. While posing, a model is expected to remain motionless, remains silent. Exact requirements may vary depending upon the artist or instructor, but an experienced model will not speak, scratch, or readjust during the pose. To accommodate the physical limitations, a schedule such as 20 to 25 minutes of posing, with five- or ten-minute breaks is observed; these breaks—during which the model wears a robe or puts on clothing—allow the model to stretch and attend to other needs. In art schools classrooms or studios, the model poses on a raised platform called the model stand or dais.
In sculpture studios this platform may be built to rotate to allow for a 360° view for every artist. Long poses are required for painting and sculpture. To aid in resuming a long pose after a break, chalk marks and/or masking tape are placed on the model stand. Models for life drawing classes pose nude, though visually non-obstructive personal items such as small jewelry and eyeglasses may be worn. In a job advertisement seeking nude models, this may be referred to as being "undraped" or "disrobed." Art models who pose in the nude for life drawing are called life models or figure models. During art school classes or in other academic settings, strict rules are observed to maintain decorum. Photography is forbidden, in some schools, the students are not allowed to be models, as it creates the possibility of conflict for the institution. Admission to and visibility of the area where a nude model is posing is controlled. Disrobing is done discreetly, the model wears a robe when not posing, it is prohibited for anyone to touch a model.
Close examinations are only made with the permission of the model. Some institutions allow only the instructor to speak directly with a model. Experienced models avoid any sexually suggestive poses
Body painting is a form of body art where artwork is painted directly onto the human skin. Unlike tattoos and other forms of body art, body painting is temporary, lasting several hours or sometimes up to a few weeks. Body painting, limited to the face is known as "face painting". Body painting is referred to as "temporary tattoo". Large scale or full-body painting is more referred to as body painting, while smaller or more detailed work can sometimes be referred to as temporary tattoos. Body painting with a grey or white paint made from natural pigments including clay, chalk and cattle dung is traditional in many tribal cultures. Worn during cultural ceremonies, it is believed to assist with the moderation of body heat and the use of striped patterns may reduce the incidence of biting insects, it still survives in this ancient form among Indigenous Australians and in parts of Africa and Southeast Asia, as well as in New Zealand and the Pacific islands. A semi-permanent form of body painting known as Mehndi, using dyes made of henna leaves, is practiced in India on brides.
Since the late 1990s, Mehndi has become popular amongst young women in the Western world. Many indigenous peoples of Central and South America paint jagua tattoos, or designs with Genipa americana juice on their bodies. Indigenous peoples of South America traditionally use annatto, huito, or wet charcoal to decorate their faces and bodies. Huito is semi-permanent, it takes weeks for this black dye to fade. Body painting is not always large pieces on nude bodies, but can involve smaller pieces on displayed areas of otherwise clothed bodies. There has been a revival of body painting in Western society since the 1960s, in part prompted by the liberalization of social mores regarding nudity and comes in sensationalist or exhibitionist forms. Today there is a constant debate about the legitimacy of body painting as an art form; the current modern revival could be said to date back to the 1933 World's Fair in Chicago when Max Factor, Sr. and his model Sally Rand were arrested for causing a public disturbance when he body-painted her with his new make-up formulated for Hollywood films.
Body art today evolves to the works more directed towards personal mythologies, as Jana Sterbak, Rebecca Horn, Youri Messen-Jaschin, Jacob Alexander Figueroa or Javier Perez. Body painting is sometimes used as a method of gaining attention in political protests, for instance those by PETA against Burberry. Body painting led to a minor alternative art movement in the 1950s and 1960s, which involved covering a model in paint and having the model touch or roll on a canvas or other medium to transfer the paint. French artist Yves Klein is the most famous for this, with his series of paintings "Anthropometries"; the effect produced by this technique creates an image-transfer from the model's body to the medium. This includes all the curves of the model's body being reflected in the outline of the image; this technique was not monotone. Joanne Gair is a body paint artist whose work appeared for the tenth consecutive year in the 2008 Sports Illustrated Swimsuit Issue, she came to prominence with an August 1992 Vanity Fair Demi's Birthday Suit cover of Demi Moore.
Her Disappearing Model was part of an episode of Ripley's Believe It or Not!. Body painting festivals happen annually across the world, bringing together professional body painters and keen amateurs. Body painting can be seen at some football matches, at rave parties, at certain festivals; the World Bodypainting Festival is a three-day festival which originated in 1998 and, held in Klagenfurt, Austria since 2017. Participants attend from over fifty countries and the event has more than 20,000 visitors. Body painting festivals that take place in North America include the North American Body Painting Championship and Body Art International Convention in Orlando, Bodygras Body Painting Competition in Nanaimo, BC and the Face Painting and Body Art Convention in Las Vegas, Nevada. Australia has a number of body painting festivals, most notably the annual Australian Body Art Festival in Eumundi and the Australian Body Art Awards. In Italy, the Rabarama Skin Art Festival, is a different event focused on the artistic side of body painting, highlighting the emotional impact of the painted body in a live performance more than the decorative and technical aspects of it.
This particular form of creative art is known as "Skin Art". The 1960s supermodel. Images of her in the book Transfigurations by photographer Holger Trulzsch have been emulated. Other well-known works include Serge Diakonoff's books A Fleur de Peau and Diakonoff and Joanne Gair's Paint a licious. More Dutch art photographer Karl Hammer has taken center stage with his combinations of body painting and narrative art. Following the established trend in Western-Europe, body painting has become more accepted in the United States since the early 1990s. In 2006 the first gallery dedicated to fine art body painting was opened in New Orleans by World Bodypainting Festival Champion and Judge, Craig Tracy; the Painted Alive Gallery is on Royal Street in the French Quarter. In 2009, a popular late night talk show Last Call with Carson Daly on NBC network, featured a New York-based artist Danny Setiawan who creates reproductions of masterpieces by famous artists such as
Free the Nipple (campaign)
Free the Nipple is a topfreedom campaign created in 2012 during pre-production of a 2014 film of the same name. The campaign highlights the general convention of allowing men to appear topless in public while considering it sexual or indecent for women to do the same, asserts that this difference is an unjust treatment of women; the campaign argues that it should be and culturally acceptable for women to bare their nipples in public. In 2012, filmmaker Lina Esco started this campaign in New York City, she created a documentary of herself running through the streets of New York topless. As the documentary was being made, she posted teaser clips with the hashtag #FreeTheNipple. In 2013, Facebook removed these clips from its website for violating its guidelines. In 2014, several celebrities such as Miley Cyrus, Lena Dunham, Chelsea Handler and Chrissy Teigen posted photos on social media to show their support of Esco's initiative. Two protesters, Tiernan Hebron and UCSD graduate student Anni Ma were arrested for indecent exposure outside of a campaign appearance for Senator Bernie Sanders on March 23, 2016.
They appeared topless except for pieces of tape over their nipples, had the words "Free the Nipple", "Equality", "Feel the Bern" written on their chests. Los Angeles Police officers asked them to cover their breasts, the two women refused and were arrested, they were not charged with any crime. After being released, Ma filed a federal lawsuit against the Los Angeles Police Department. Ma said that her action was not lewd because mammary glands are not sexual organs, but rather have the purpose of breastfeeding children, said she believed she did not at any point show her "genitals" or "private parts", her attorney claims she was never "nude" and that California's indecent exposure law applies only to genitals, not breasts. Her lawsuit alleged that her constitutional rights had been violated, that she had been subject to unlawful gender discrimination, that federal civil rights laws had been violated, she was topless at a Bernie Sanders campaign rally, March 19, 2016, in Phoenix and she was led to the back of the venue without incident.
On 23 January 2016, Anni Ma, as a FEMEN activist, Carly Mitchell, Chelsea Ducote and Marston protested at a "Walk For Life" event at the San Francisco City Hall and the Civic Center. Women have sometimes been arrested or charged with public indecency, disturbing the peace, or lewd behavior for baring their breasts in public in jurisdictions where there was no law explicitly prohibiting doing so. In New York state, female toplessness was made legal around 1990, when a woman was arrested there in 2005 for appearing topless in public, a court ruled in her favor and she received US$29,000 in damages. In 2015, the campaign received attention in Iceland after a teenage student activist posted a photo of herself topless and was harassed for doing so. In support of the student and the initiative, Björt Ólafsdóttir, a Member of Parliament, posted a topless photo of herself in solidarity. Free the Nipple events were held in Brighton, England, in 2016, 2017 and 2018; the Free the Nipple Brighton group is headed up by both of Brighton.
In 2017, a Free The Nipple event was held in Hull, England, on the day celebrated as Women's Equality Day and Go Topless Day, on the anniversary of when women gained the right to vote in the United States in 1920. Various court cases in the United States have involved the question of whether women may publicly expose female breasts. Two examples are Barnes v. Glen Theatre; these involved ordinances that placed restrictions on how women were permitted to appear in public, focusing on banning any public exposure of the female breasts. A lawsuit was filed as Free the Nipple v. City of Fort Collins, an attempt to remove the provision in the municipal code of Fort Collins, that prohibits women from revealing their breasts. An injunction prohibiting Fort Collins from enforcing the prohibition is in place.. The city of Fort Collins lost; the 10th circuit ruled 2-1 in favor of the 9th circuit decision, stating the Fort Collins statute for arrest that only applies to shirtless women is unconstitutional.
There are three U. S. states where the mere showing of women's breasts is illegal: Indiana and Utah. Fourteen states and many other cities have laws with ambiguous implications on how much a woman is allowed to expose her body; every social media platform has their own guideline and policy in regards to nudity and revealing nipples. Facebook only allows photos of nipples to be posted when it is "in the context of breastfeeding, birth giving and after-birth moments, health, or an act of protest."Instagram's guideline for nudity states "We know that there are times when people might want to share nude images that are artistic or creative in nature, but for a variety of reasons, we don't allow nudity on Instagram. This includes photos and some digitally-created content that show sexual intercourse and close-ups of fully-nude buttocks, it includes some photos of female nipples, but photos of post-mastectomy scarring and women breastfeeding are allowed. Nudity in photos of paintings and sculptures is OK, too."Pinterest allows artistic and non-sexualized nudity.
Their reasoning on why they allow nudity and mature content is for "art, safe sex education or advocacy for political protests". Instagram's CEO Kevin Systrom said that because of the Apple's App Store regulations, every app needs an age rating, if an app contains nudity, it has to be rated 17+