List of solar eclipses in antiquity

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Lists of solar eclipses
Diagram of a solar eclipse (not to scale)
Geometry of a total solar eclipse
(not to scale)
Centuries

AD
Eclipses seen from
See also Lists of lunar eclipses

This is a list of selected solar eclipses from antiquity.

List[edit]

Date of
eclipse
Time (UTC) Type Central Duration Eclipse Path Notes
Start Mid End
June 24, 1312 BC - 10:44 - total 04m33s Anatolia Mursili's eclipse[1]
June 15, 763 BC - 08:23 - total 04m59s eclipse of Bur Sagale attested in Assyrian sources
May 18, 603 BC - - - total Northeast Africa, Middle East, Central Asia eclipse in the same saros as the 585 BC eclipse, but preceding it.
May 28, 585 BC - 14:28 - total 06m05s predicted by Thales, occurred during the Battle of Halys[2]
February 17, 478 BC - - - total Greece eclipse occurring prior to Xerxes' first march against Greece
August 3, 430 BC - - - total Greece, Mediterranean Sea Pericles shows his Greek Army that the eclipse was not much more than a covering of the sun by something bigger than his cloak.
March 1, 357 BC - - - total total eclipse in Jerusalem.
July 4, 336 BC - - - total total eclipse in Jerusalem.
April 2, 303 BC - - - total total eclipse in Jerusalem.
March 14, 190 BC - - - total total eclipse in Kiev, Ukraine.
July 17, 188 BC - - - total total eclipse in Kiev, Ukraine.
October 19, 183 BC - - - total total eclipse in Kiev, Ukraine.
July 19, 418 - - - total total eclipse in Portugal reported by Hydatius
December 23, 447 - - - total total eclipse in Portugal reported by Hydatius

Longest total eclipses[edit]

Date of
eclipse
Central Duration Notes
April 7, 3736 BC 07m12s between 3999 BC to 3000 BC[3]
May 17, 2231 BC 07m21s between 2999 BC to 2000 BC[4]
July 3, 1443 BC 07m05s between 1999 BC and 1000 BC[5]
June 15, 744 BC 07m28s between 999 BC to 0 AD[6]
June 27, 363 07m24s between 1 AD to 1000 AD[7]
June 9, 1062 07m20s between 1001 AD to 2000 AD[8]
July 16, 2186 07m29s between 3999 BC to 6000 AD[9][10][11][12]

Longest annular eclipses[edit]

Date of
eclipse
Central Duration Notes
November 24, 3125 BC 11m36s between 3999 BC to 3000 BC[13]
December 16, 2001 BC 11m36s between 2999 BC to 2000 BC[14]
December 12, 1656 BC 12m07s between 1999 BC to 1000 BC[15]
December 22, 178 BC 12m08s between 999 BC to 0 AD[16]
December 7, 150 AD 12m23s between 3999 BC to 6000 AD[17]

Historically significant Solar Eclipses[edit]

There were 12 solar eclipses observed from 2137 BC to 424 BC. all have a historical basis, because some old historical scriptures provide us details of these solar eclipses. Firstly, in writing sources of ancient China, we found a solar eclipse of 22 October, 2137 BC, but mostly Chinese ancient records shows details about comets, constellations, and fixed stars.

Solar eclipse of 3 May 1375[edit]

It was early observed in Mesopotamian records. The Greatest eclipses were on 13:52:19 TD (04:51:04 UT).

Partial eclipse began before sunrise,02 hr 27 minutes 54 seconds (UT) and end after sunrise, 7 hr 14 minutes and 9 seconds (UT).

Historical solar eclipses (2000 BC- 1 CE)[edit]

Year

(BC)

Date Eclipse

Type

Saros

Series

Eclipse

Magnitude

Gamma Ecliptic

Conjunction

(UT)

Geatest

Eclipse

(UT)

Duration

(Min & Sec)

Description
2137 22 Oct Annular 09 0.9736 0.3842 03:29:45 03:25:29 00:02:52 Ho and Hi, the Drunk Astronomers. [1] [2]
1375 3 May Total 16 1.0295 0.7755 04:42:56 04:51:04 00:02:07 Early Mesopotamian records. [3]
1302 5 June Total 26 1.0805 0.2982 02:07:46 02:10:48 00:06:25 Early Chinese eclipse. [4]
1178 16 Apr Total 39 1.0599 0.5187 10:06:17 10:00:58 00:04:33 Odyssey Eclipse. [5] [6]
899 21 Apr Annular 53 0.9591 0.8964 22:32:15 22:21:56 00:03:04 China's 'Double-Dawn' Eclipse [7] [8]
763 15 Jun Total 44 1.0596 0.2715 08:11:13 08:14:01 00:05:00 Assyrian Eclipse [9] [10]
648 6 Apr Total 38 1.0689 0.6898 08:24:05 08:31:03 00:05:02 Archilochus' Eclipse [11] [12]
585 28 May Total 57 1.0798 0.3201 14:25:41 14:22:26 00:06:04 Thales Eclipse (Medes vs. Lydians), firstly recorded in Herodotus History. [13] [14] [15]
557 19 May Total 48 1.0258 0.3145 12:49:02 12:52:26 00:02:22 The Siege of Larisa, firstly recorded by Xenophon. [16]
480 2 Oct Annular 65 0.9324 0.4951 11:56:54 11:51:01 00:07:57 Xerxes' Eclipse. recorded by Herodotus History. [17]
431 3 Aug Annular 48 0.9843 0.8388 14:45:34 14:54:52 00:01:05 Peloponnesian War. [18] [19]
424 21 Mar Annular 42 0.9430 0.9433 07:43:30 07:54:29 00:04:39 8th Year of Peloponnesian War. [20]

Visible Maps of Historical solar eclipses (Gallery)[edit]

References[edit]