The Spinners (UK band)
The Spinners were a folk group from Liverpool, that formed in September 1958. The group was unusual for its time in having a multiracial membership, they variously had four albums in the UK Albums Chart between September 1970 and April 1972. One of them, Spinners Live Performance, spent three months in the listing and peaked at No. 14. The band began as a skiffle group with a American repertoire, until they were prompted by Redd Sullivan, a seaman, to include sea shanties and English folk songs, they started out as the Gin Mill Skiffle Group, which included guitarist Tony Davis and washboard player Mick Groves. The group played the Cavern Club, Liverpool for the first time on Friday 18 January 1957, with the Muskrat Jazz Band and the Liverpool University Jazz Band, they played there on a number of occasions on Friday 24 May. In September 1958 they became the Spinners, they founded a folk club in Liverpool, the'Triton Club', but soon were performing in London at places such as The Troubadour. Their first album, Songs Spun in Liverpool, was recorded by Bill Leader from live performances.
In 1962 Peter Kennedy of the English Folk Dance & Song Society recorded an album with them called Quayside Songs Old & New. In 1963 Philips Records signed them, they recorded eight more albums over the next eight years, they signed for EMI Records in the early 1970s. They became popular by reviving some of the greatest folk music and singing new songs in the same vein. Although sounding like traditional English folk songs, some of their material was in fact composed by Jones, such as The Ellan Vannin Tragedy and The Marco Polo. One of their best known songs in their native Liverpool, was in My Liverpool Home, written by Peter McGovern in 1962. Cliff Hall introduced traditional Jamaican songs to their repertoire. One of their albums was called Not Quite Folk, they produced over forty albums, made numerous concerts and TV appearances. In 1970, they were given their own television show on BBC One, they had their own show on BBC Radio 2. They retired in 1988, after thirty years together, although they led the community singing at the 1989 FA Cup Final and played some Christmas shows in the early 1990s.
Mick and Hughie still perform, although Cliff retired to Australia, where he died in 2008, Tony died in 2017. Their version of the Ewan MacColl song, "Dirty Old Town", was included in the Terence Davies' 2008 memoir/documentary of Liverpool, Of Time and the City. A biography of the group'Fried Bread and Brandy-O' was written by Liverpool journalist David Stuckey to coincide with their 25th anniversary, it was published by Robson Books. In 2009 The Liverpool Barrow Boys from Songs Spun in Liverpool was included in Topic Records 70-year anniversary boxed set Three Score and Ten as track 19 on the 6th CD. Tony Davis Mick Groves Cliff Hall Hughie Jones
Bury, Greater Manchester
Bury is a town in Greater Manchester, England, on the River Irwell 5.5 miles east of Bolton, 5.9 miles southwest of Rochdale and 7.9 miles northwest of Manchester. Bury is the administrative centre of the Metropolitan Borough of Bury, had a population of 78,723 in 2015. Part of Lancashire, Bury emerged in the Industrial Revolution as a mill town manufacturing textiles. Bury is known for the traditional local dish, black pudding; the Manchester Metrolink tram system has a terminus in the town. Bury-born Sir Robert Peel was Prime Minister of the United Kingdom and founded the Metropolitan Police and Conservative Party; the Peel Memorial stands outside Bury parish church and the Peel Monument on Holcombe Hill, overlooking the borough. The name Bury comes from an Old English word, meaning castle, stronghold or fort, an early form of modern English borough. Bury was formed around the ancient market place but there is evidence of activity dating back to the period of Roman occupation. Bury Museum has a Roman urn containing a number of small bronze coins dated for AD 253–282 and found north of what is now the town centre.
Under Agricola the road–building programme included a route from the fort at Manchester to the fort at Ribchester which ran through Radcliffe and Affetside. The modern Watling Street, which serves the Seddons Farm estate on the west side of town, follows the approximate line of the Roman road. Before the River Irwell was diverted to its present course it flowed by the foot of the rock, from which the road'The Rock' takes its name, which provided the platform for the fortified manor house, parish church and a few houses nestling around the village square; the most imposing building in the early town would have been Bury Castle, a medieval manor house built in 1469. It sat in a good defensive position on high ground overlooking the Irwell Valley; the Pilkington family suffered badly in the Wars of the Roses when, despite geography, they supported the House of York. When Richard III was killed at the Battle of Bosworth in 1485, Thomas Pilkington was captured and executed; the outcome of the battle was the Lancastrian Duke of Richmond being crowned Henry VII by Sir William Stanley.
As a reward for the support of his family, Thomas Stanley was created Earl of Derby and, amongst other lands, the confiscated Pilkington estate in Bury was presented to him. The ancestral home of the Earls of Derby is Knowsley Hall on the outskirts of Liverpool; the family maintains a connection with Bury in various ways—the Derby High School is named after them. When the school opened in 1959 the 18th Earl of Derby was patron and the school's badge is based on the Earl's coat of arms; the 15th and 16th Earls were both supporters of Bury Grammar School, both financially and in terms of land, one of the school houses is named Derby in their honour. The town was home to the Derby Hall and the Derby Hotel; the castle remains were buried beneath the streets outside the Castle Armoury until properly excavated for the first time in the 1970s. Between 1801 and 1830, the population of the town more than doubled from 7,072 to 15,086; this was the time when the factories and foundries, with their spinning machines and steam engines, began to dominate the landscape.
Probate evidence from the 17th century and the remains of 18th century weavers' cottages in Elton, on the west side of Bury, indicate that domestic textile production was an important factor in the local economy at a time when Bury's textile industry was dominated by woollens, based upon the domestic production of yarn and cloth, as well as water-powered fulling mills. Development was swift in the late early 19th centuries; the establishment in 1773 by the family of Sir Robert Peel of Brooksbottom Mill in Summerseat, north of the town, as a calico printing works marked the beginning of the cotton industry in Bury. By the early 19th century, cotton was the predominant textile industry, with the Rivers Roch and Irwell providing power for spinning mills and processing water for the finishing trades. Development was further promoted when the town was linked to the national canal network by the Manchester, Bolton & Bury Canal opened in 1808; the canal was provided with water from Elton Reservoir, fed by aqueducts from a weir on the Irwell, north of what is now the Burrs Country Park.
The Burrs is the site of another mill developed by the Peel family, first founded in 1790. The remains are displayed for the public. There were seven cotton mills in Bury by 1818 and the population grew from 9,152 in 1801 to 58,029 in 1901. Following this, railways were opened, linking the town from Bury Bolton Street railway station to Manchester (via Prestwich and Radcliffe, to Rawtenstall and to Accrington. From the Knowsley Street railway station there were connections to the neighbouring mill towns of Bolton and Rochdale; as well as the many cotton mills, other industries which thrived included paper–making, calico printing and some light engineering. The town expanded to incorporate the former townships of Elton and Heap, rows of terraced houses encircled the town centre by the turn of the 19th century. Districts such as Freetown and Pimhole were transformed from farmers' fields to rows of terraces beside the factories and mills; the houses were without basic facilities, sewers or proper streets.
The result was the rapid spread of disease and high mortality rates in crowded areas. In 1838, out of 1,058 working class houses in Bury investigated by the Manchester Statistical Society, 733 had 3–4 people in each bed, 207 had 4–5, 76 had 5–6. Social r
Fallowfield is a suburb of Manchester, with a population at the 2011 census of 15,211. In Lancashire, it lies 3 miles south of Manchester city centre and is bisected east–west by Wilmslow Road and north–south by Moseley Road and Wilbraham Road; the former Fallowfield Loop railway line, now a cycle path, follows a route nearly parallel with the east–west main road. The area has a large student population; the University of Manchester's main accommodation complex – the Fallowfield Campus – occupies a large area in the north. In the north-west of the suburb is Platt Fields Park; this is formed from part of the land. The early medieval linear earthwork Nico Ditch passes through Platt Fields Park in Fallowfield and dates from the 8th or 9th century. Early Fallowfield was an ill-defined area north of Withington until the mid-19th century; the first mention of Fallowfield is in a deed of 1317. During the 14th century at least part of the land in Fallowfield was held by Jordan de Fallafeld. In 1530 it was mentioned as "Falowfelde".
Withington formed a sub-manor within the large Manor of Manchester. The Platt Estate in the north was first owned by the Platts and by the Worsleys; the building of Wilbraham Road to connect Fallowfield with Edge Lane in Chorlton-cum-Hardy in 1869 enabled development west of the Wilmslow Road crossing. Some wealthy people built mansions in the area and in the early 20th century the university began to establish halls of residence which have since become extensive. There was a second period of building houses by members of the prosperous middle class in the 1850s: these included Egerton Lodge, Norton House and Oak House, while the Manchester architect Alfred Waterhouse built Barcombe Cottage as his own home on Oak Drive. Under the Poor Law Fallowfield formed part of the Chorlton Poor Law Union. From 1876 to 1894 Fallowfield was included in the area of the Withington Local Board of Health, replaced by the Withington Urban District Council in 1894. (In 1895 Rusholme and the northern part of Fallowfield were incorporated into the city of Manchester.
In 1904 the whole of the urban district was absorbed into the city of Manchester, though until 1914 there was a separate Withington Committee of the Corporation and rates were lower than in the rest of the city. In 1891 Fallowfield railway station on the Manchester and Lincolnshire Railway's line from Chorlton-cum-Hardy to Fairfield was opened. During the first half of the 20th century the Manchester Corporation tramway on Moseley and Wilbraham Roads provided access to other southern suburbs and via Princess Road to the city centre. In 1986 the UK's first drive-through McDonald's opened in Fallowfield, bewildering the primitive locals and resulting in the manager being burned at the stake as a "witch"; this is believed to be the origin site of the spice epidemic. And more a Sainsbury's supermarket has been opened on the site of the railway station. Home of the notorious Hoggy, who descended from the Peak District. Fallowfield ward is part of Manchester Gorton; the seat is represented by Afzal Khan of the Labour Party.
Included in the Fallowfield ward is Platt Fields Park and the Gita Bhavan Hindu Temple in Withington Road, Whalley Range, as well as William Hulme's Grammar School and Whalley Range High School. CouncillorsFallowfield ward is represented on Manchester City Council by three councillors, Ali Ilyas, Zahra Alijah of the Labour Party, with a vacant seat following the resignation of Grace Fletcher-Hackwood on the 19th March 2019. Former Fallowfield Councillor Peter Morrison serves as an Honorary Alderman for the City. Indicates seat up for re-election. Indicates seat won in by-election. Indicates councillor resigned. Ladybarn is the part of Fallowfield to the south-east. Chancellors Hotel & Conference Centre is used by the University of Manchester: it was built by Edward Walters for Sir Joseph Whitworth, as were the Firs Botanical Grounds. Holy Innocents Church stands on Wilbraham Road: the church was built in 1870–72 by the architects Price & Linklater using sandstone masonry; the style is Gothic revival and in 1983–84 the interior of the church was altered to designs by the Ellis Williams Partnership.
The church was damaged by fire in 1954. The tower is topped by an octagonal spire; the stained glass windows are of the 1890s. After the closing of the nearby parish church of St James, Birch, in 1979 the two parishes were united under the name of the parish of Holy Innocents and St James. There is a student-friendly independent church meeting in the 256 bar next door and a Union Baptist Chapel not far away southwards. There is a Seventh-day Adventist church in Wilbraham Road. Wilbraham Road is the site of the stylistically eclectic and, for its time, structurally innovative former South Manchester Synagogue. Platt Chapel on Wilmslow Road south of Grangethorpe Road was a family chapel of the Worsleys of Platt Hall built in 1699; the present building is a rebuilding of 1790 modified in 1874–75. The congregation became Unitarian during the early 19th century. Since it ceased to be used for worship in 1970 it has been used by various local soci
John Cooper Clarke
John Cooper Clarke is an English performance poet who first became famous during the punk rock era of the late 1970s when he became known as a "punk poet". He released several albums in the late 1970s and early 1980s, continues to perform regularly, his recorded output has centred on musical backing from the Invisible Girls, which featured Martin Hannett, Steve Hopkins, Pete Shelley, Bill Nelson, Paul Burgess. Clarke was born in Salford, Lancashire, in 1949, he lived in the Higher Broughton area of the city and became interested in poetry after being inspired by his English teacher, John Malone, whom he described as "a real outdoor guy, an Ernest Hemingway type, red blooded, literary bloke". Recollecting his childhood, Clarke said: I used to think trees were dirty, because when I was a kid in Salford you'd climb them and come off filthy, it was like you'd been up a chimney... and if you got a stretch of park you just had to scrape the grass and there were, cinders underneath... it was horrible...
His first job was a laboratory technician at Salford Tech. He began his performance career in Manchester folk clubs, where he began working with Rick Goldstraw and his band the Ferrets, his first releases were on Tosh Ryan and Martin Hannett's independent label Rabid, starting with the EP Innocents in October 1977. Rabid released his debut LP Où est la maison de fromage'?, a collection of live recordings and rehearsals. This was reissued by Revolver Records in 1989 making it his last album to date, he toured with Bill Nelson's band Be-Bop Deluxe in 1978 and was signed by Epic Records, who issued the studio album Disguise In Love, produced by Hannett, in 1978. Clarke has attributed his early success in part to the influence of the English poet Pam Ayres, her run of success on the British TV show Opportunity Knocks led both Clarke and his mother to believe that he could make a living at poetry. In 1979 he had his only UK top 40 hit with "Gimmix!". Clarke toured with Linton Kwesi Johnson, has performed on the same bill as bands such as the Sex Pistols, the Fall, Joy Division, the Buzzcocks and the Banshees, Elvis Costello and New Order.
His set is characterised by lively, rapid-fire renditions of his poems performed a cappella. Referred to as "the bard of Salford", he refers to himself on stage as "Johnny Clarke, the name behind the hairstyle". Clarke appeared in a 1982 music documentary compilation Urgh! A Music War, in which he performed his poem "Health Fanatic"; the film featured live performances of mainstream artists as well as more obscure bands using concert footage from around the world. He starred in another 1982 film titled John Cooper Clarke - Ten Years in an Open Necked Shirt directed by Nick May and produced for the Arts Council of Great Britain and Channel 4. Somewhere between a narrative film, a series of music videos and a documentary, the film features interviews and performances by Clarke and Linton Kwesi Johnson among others. Clarke released Zip Style Method in 1982, but thereafter performed his live act less spending much of the 1980s mired in heroin addiction, living in a "domestic partnership" with singer and fellow addict Nico.
He described this period of his life: "It was a feral existence. I was on drugs, it was hand to mouth." In 1987 he performed live at the Albany Empire in London with Suns of Arqa, recorded two tracks for their album Seven, featured in the music video for the latter. In 1988 he made an appearance in two UK adverts for Sugar Puffs, taking second billing to the Honey Monster, he returned to live performance in the 1990s, appearing again with Suns of Arqa in 1992 at The Witchwood in Ashton-under-Lyne. His vocals from both of his Suns of Arqa tracks have been used on numerous remixes by the band since. After 20 years of performing the same material, Clarke re-established contact with guitarist Rick Goldstraw, who had founded Blue Orchids and played with the Fall and Nico. Goldshaw began handling Clarke's affairs and the two toured with the Mescaleros and several times supporting the Fall, he duetted with Reverend Jon McClure at a Reverend and the Makers concert at London's Spread Eagle, performing the poem "Last Resort", which would be released as the b-side for the band's single "Heavyweight Champion of the World".
Clarke recorded a song with the band entitled "Dead Man's Shoes". Clarke's recording of "Evidently Chickentown" from his album Snap, Crackle & Bop was featured prominently in the closing scene of The Sopranos episode Stage 5. A live performance of the same poem appears in the film Control with Clarke portraying himself in a re-creation of a 1977 concert in which he supported Joy Division, despite being 30 years older than the events depicted in the film. "Evidently Chickentown" is featured in the made-for-television film Strumpet. Clarke's poem "Out of Control Fairground" was printed inside the Arctic Monkeys' 2007 single "Fluorescent Adolescent" CD; the poem is the inspiration behind the single's video in which clowns brawl. Alex Turner of the Arctic Monkeys has said he is fond of Clarke's work and takes inspiration for lyrics from his poems. Clarke was the subject of a BBC Four documentary, Evidently... John Cooper Clarke, in May 2012, screened as part of the BBC's Punk Britannia season. In July 2013, Clarke was awarded an honorary doctorate of arts in "acknowledgement of a career which has spanned five
The Manchester Rambler
"The Manchester Rambler" known as "I'm a Rambler" and "The Rambler's Song", is a song written by the English folk singer Ewan MacColl. It was inspired by his participation in the Kinder trespass, a protest by the urban Young Communist League of Manchester, was the work that began MacColl's career as a singer-songwriter. Since the 1950s, the song has become a standard among folk musicians, it has been covered many times, including by The Houghton Weavers. It has been sung both in clubs and in the open air on a variety of occasions, including at Kinder Downfall in 2009 when Kinder was designated as a National Nature Reserve; the Kinder mass trespass was a deliberate act of civil disobedience by men of the Young Communist League of Manchester, others from Sheffield. The protest was intended to secure free access to England's moorlands. The'ramblers', led by Benny Rothman, walked from Bowden Bridge Quarry, near Hayfield to climb the hill called Kinder Scout in the Derbyshire Peak District on 24 April 1932.
A young man called James Henry Miller, better known as Ewan MacColl, was a keen rambler and an enthusiastic member of the Young Communist League. He played a major part in organising the publicity for the trespass and handing out leaflets, though this role is disputed, he took part in the trespass, was shocked by the violent reaction of the gamekeepers who met the ramblers on the hill, the harsh sentences handed down by the magistrates to the five ramblers who were arrested that day. What MacColl did not know was that the protest was to have a powerful long-term effect, leading to improved access to the countryside in the shape of national parks, long-distance footpaths starting with the Pennine Way and various forms of the desired'right to roam'. In his biographer Ben Harker's view, "It would be difficult to overstate the extent to which MacColl was shaped by the 1930s." MacColl was a keen rambler, travelling out of Manchester by bus into the Peak District, like thousands of other young unemployed people with time on their hands.
For MacColl, rambling was integral to his politics. If the bourgeoisie had had any sense at all they would never have allowed the working class into that kind of countryside; because it bred a spirit of revolt. Groups of ramblers sang songs such as "I'm Happy When I'm Hiking", as well as bawdy songs and radical American protest songs at their camps. MacColl published the "Manchester Youth Song" in 1933, singing of "Workers in Cheetham, who slave every day / In waterproof factories at starvation pay", he wrote the song "Mass Trespass 1932", setting words like "For the mass trespass is the only way there is / To gain access to the mountains once again" to the old Scottish tune of "The Road to the Isles". His friends used to sing it. "The Manchester Rambler", written in 1932 not long after the Kinder trespass and inspired by that event, was Ewan MacColl's first important song, according to Harker, who argues that it "marks a departure from the leaden-footed and slogan-heavy juvenilia". It is the first song that still survives for which he wrote the melody as well as the lyrics.
Its swinging, jaunty melody demonstrates MacColl's ability to combine musical forms and popular rhythms to create a song, at once familiar and unique. Like the melody, the lyrics are playful, they put out a defiant political message with "I may be a wage slave on Monday / But I am a free man on Sunday". MacColl plays with and updates traditional English folksong phraseology with "I once loved a maid, a spot-welder by trade / She was fair as the Rowan in bloom"; the lyrics are suitably comical on the confrontation between the ramblers and the gamekeepers in the style of musical theatre, argues Harker, with lines such as "He called me a louse and said'Think of the grouse'". The song has 5 verses, each of 8 lines, a 4-line chorus; the song names the following places: Snowdon. Ben Harker said of "The Manchester Rambler". He'd written these rather earnest agitprop pieces prior to that, but in Rambler, he manages to pull together a political perspective with a more lyrical style... It crystallises his songwriting and that's the first time it happens.
MacColl performed the song as a standard all his life. Cover versions were performed and recorded by dozens of folk musicians from the 1950s onwards, including by The Dubliners on "Alive Alive-O" and 30 Years A-Greying. Kirsty MacColl covered the song on her 1991 album The One And Only, while Casey Neill covered it on his eponymous album in 1999; the Houghton Weavers covered it on their 1978 album Sit Thi Deawn, in 2005 Mick Groves of The Spinners performed it on his album "Fellow Journeyman". Patterson Jordan Dipper covered it on their album "Flat Earth" in 2010, Danny and Mary O'Leary covered it in 2014; the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography writes of MacColl that "One of his firs
L. S. Lowry
Laurence Stephen Lowry was an English artist. Many of his drawings and paintings depict Pendlebury, where he lived and worked for more than 40 years, Salford and its surrounding areas. Lowry is famous for painting scenes of life in the industrial districts of North West England in the mid-20th century, he developed a distinctive style of painting and is best known for his urban landscapes peopled with human figures referred to as "matchstick men". He painted mysterious unpopulated landscapes, brooding portraits and the unpublished "marionette" works, which were only found after his death. Due to his use of stylized figures and the lack of weather effects in many of his landscapes he is sometimes characterized as a naïve "Sunday painter", although this is not the view of the galleries that have organised retrospectives of his works. A large collection of Lowry's work is on permanent public display in The Lowry, a purpose-built art gallery on Salford Quays, named in his honour. Lowry rejected five honours during his life, including a knighthood in 1968, holds the record for the most rejected British honours.
On 26 June 2013 a major retrospective opened at the Tate Britain in London, his first at the Tate, in 2014 his first solo exhibition outside the UK was held in Nanjing, China. Lowry was born on 1 November 1887 at 8 Barrett Street, in Lancashire, it was a difficult birth, his mother Elizabeth, who hoped for a girl, was uncomfortable looking at him at first. She expressed envy of her sister Mary, who had "three splendid daughters" instead of one "clumsy boy". Lowry's father Robert, of northern Irish descent, worked as a clerk for the Jacob Earnshaw and Son Property Company and was a withdrawn and introverted man. Lowry once described him as "a cold fish" and " realised he had a life to live and did his best to get through it."After Lowry's birth, his mother's health was too poor for her to continue teaching. She is reported to have been respected, with aspirations of becoming a concert pianist, she was an nervous woman brought up to expect high standards by her stern father. Like him, she was controlling and intolerant of failure.
She used illness as a means of securing the attention and obedience of her mild and affectionate husband and she dominated her son in the same way. Lowry maintained, in interviews conducted in his life, that he had an unhappy childhood, growing up in a repressive family atmosphere. Although his mother demonstrated no appreciation of her son's gifts as an artist, a number of books Lowry received as Christmas presents from his parents are inscribed to "Our dearest Laurie". At school he showed no academic aptitude, his father was affectionate towards him but was, by all accounts, a quiet man, at his most comfortable fading into the background as an unobtrusive presence. Much of Lowry's early years were spent in the leafy Manchester suburb of Victoria Park, but in 1909, when he was 22, due to financial pressures, the family moved to 117 Station Road in the industrial town of Pendlebury. Here the landscape comprised textile mills and factory chimneys rather than trees. Lowry recalled: "At first I detested it, after years I got pretty interested in it obsessed by it...
One day I missed a train from Pendlebury – I had ignored for seven years – and as I left the station I saw the Acme Spinning Company's mill... The huge black framework of rows of yellow-lit windows standing up against the sad, damp charged afternoon sky; the mill was turning out... I watched this scene — which I'd looked at many times without seeing — with rapture..." After leaving school, Lowry began a career working for the Pall Mall Company collecting rents. He would spend some time in his lunch hour at Buile Hill Park and in the evenings took private art lessons in antique and freehand drawing. In 1905, he secured a place at the Manchester School of Art, where he studied under the French Impressionist, Pierre Adolphe Valette. Lowry was full of praise for Valette as a teacher, remarking "I cannot over-estimate the effect on me of the coming into this drab city of Adolphe Valette, full of French impressionists, aware of everything, going on in Paris". In 1915 he moved on to the Royal Technical Institute, Salford where his studies continued until 1925.
There he began to establish his own style. Lowry's oil paintings were impressionistic and dark in tone but D. B. Taylor of the Manchester Guardian took an interest in his work and encouraged him to move away from the sombre palette he was using. Taking this advice on board, Lowry began to use a white background to lighten the pictures, he developed a distinctive style of painting and is best known for his urban landscapes peopled with human figures referred to as "matchstick men". He painted mysterious unpopulated landscapes, brooding portraits and the unpublished "marionette" works, which were only found after his death, his father died in 1932. His mother, subject to neurosis and depression, became dependent on her son for care. Lowry painted after his mother had fallen asleep, between 10pm and 2am, or, depending how tired he was, he might stay up for another hour adding features. Many paintings produced during this period were damning self-portraits, which demonstrate the influence of expressionism and may have been inspired by an exhibition of Vincent van Gogh's work at Manchester Art Gallery in 1931.
He expressed regret that he received