Ferdinand Augustijn Snellaert

Ferdinand Augustijn Snellaert was a Flemish writer. He became officer of health in the Dutch army. After his dismissal, he graduated in medicine at the University of Ghent, became a general practitioner in Ghent. Ferdinand Augustijn Snellaert became active in the Flemish movement, he founded the Maetschappy van Vlaemsche Letteroefening De Tael is gantsch het Volk, he participated in several Flemish actions, such as the Vlaams petitionnement, the Kunst- en Letterblad, the Dutch Linguistic and Literary Conferences, the Rapport van de Grievencommissie en the Vlaemsch Verbond. In 1847, he succeeded his friend Jan Frans Willems as member of the Royal Belgian Academy in Brussels, where he represented the Flemish cause, he was one of the co-founders of the Willemsfonds. In 1849, at the first Dutch Linguistic and Literary Conference, he held the opening speech, where he argued every possible means should be used to strengthen the spirit of the people, that we should fight those who worked against the development of the spirit of the people.

Language was believed to be an important tool to influence the character of the people. In the first half of the 1850s Snellaert tried to win a seat on the city council with the support of the moderate Société l'Union and the progressives of the newspaper Broedermin. However, due to the electoral victory of Judocus Delehaye he chose to join the Liberale Associatie, where he was for a brief period a key figure of the pro-Flemish group. However, he failed to break through, his followers, including Jacob Heremans and Julius Vuylsteke turned away from him when it became clear that Snellaert, disappointed by the attitude of the Liberale Associatie, started to think again of establishing an ideologically neutral Flemish party. Despite mediation by Adolphe Pierre Sunaert, Snellaert broke in October 1860 with the Liberale Associatie, which led to a rift between the Ghent liberals and the liberal, pro-Flemish Snellaert. A similar conflict arose in 1861 in the Vlaemsch Verbond; the liberal group made it impossible to maintain this politically neutral Flemish association and would establish in 1866 the Vlaamsche Liberale Vereeniging.

1849: Knight in the Order of Leopold. Oude Vlaemsche liederen, together with Jan Frans Willems Histoire de la littérature flamande Vlaemsche bibliographie Oude en nieuwe liedjes Vlaemsche commissie Alexanders geesten Nederlandsche gedichten uit de veertiende eeuw van Jan van Boendaele, Hein van Aken e.a.. The Volksgeist Concept in Dutch Linguistics Ferdinand Augustijn Snellaert

In the Dawn

In the Dawn is a song written by the English composer Edward Elgar in 1901 as his Op.41, No.1. The words are from the poem The Professor by Arthur Christopher Benson. At about the same time Elgar wrote a song Speak, Music!, as his Op.41, No.2, with words from the same poem. The two songs were first performed in the Queen's Hall on 26 October 1901; the cover of the song, published by Boosey & Co, indicates that it was sung by John Coates, who recorded the song in 1915. Some souls have quickened, eye to eye, And heart to heart, hand in hand. Henceforth they can be cold no more. Henceforth, though ages roll Across wild wastes of sand and brine, Whate’er betide, one human soul Is knit with mine. Whatever joy be dearly bought, Whatever hope my bosom stirs, The straitest cell of secret thought Is wholly hers. Ay, were I parted, life would be A helpless, heartless flight along Blind tracks in vales of misery And sloughs of wrong. Nay, God forgive me! Life would roll like some dim moon thro’ cloudy bars.

An early recording the first, was made on 14 April 1915 by John Coates for the Gramophone Company 02583. Songs and Piano Music by Edward Elgar has "In the Dawn" performed by Mark Wilde, with David Owen Norris. Elgar: Complete Songs for Voice & Piano Amanda Roocroft, Reinild Mees The Songs of Edward Elgar SOMM CD 220 Neil Mackie with Malcolm Martineau, at Southlands College, April 1999 Banfield, Stephen and English Song: Critical studies of the early 20th century ISBN 0-521-37944-X Michael Kennedy, Portrait of Elgar ISBN 0-19-315414-5 In the Dawn: Scores at the International Music Score Library Project