India is a country located in southern Asia. With over 1.3 billion people, India is the most populous democracy in the world. It is a federal constitutional republic governed under a parliamentary system consisting of 28 states and 8 union territories. All states, as well as the union territories of Jammu and Kashmir and the National Capital Territory of Delhi, have elected legislatures and governments, both patterned on the Westminster model; the remaining five union territories are directly ruled by the central government through appointed administrators. In 1956, under the States Reorganisation Act, states were reorganised on a linguistic basis. Since their structure has remained unchanged; each state or union territory is further divided into administrative districts. The legislatures of three states, Himachal Pradesh and Kashmir, Maharashtra, meet in different capitals for their summer and winter sessions; the state and union territory capitals are sorted according to administrative and judicial capitals.
The administrative capital is where the executive government offices are located, the legislative capital is where the state assembly convenes, the judicial capital is the location of the state or territorial High Courts. Union territories are marked with a dagger. List of states in India Legislative bodies in India
Coalition Against Trafficking in Women is an international non-governmental organization opposing human trafficking and other forms of commercial sex. CATW is rooted in a feminist point of view, its definition of "trafficking" includes all forms of prostitution of children. CATW opposes a distinction between "forced" and "voluntary" prostitution, as it sees all forms of prostitution as a violation of the dignity of women and violence against them. In this regard, it is opposed to the perspectives of the Global Alliance Against Traffic in Women and the sex workers' rights movement. Aside from prostitution, CATW is opposed to "pornography, sex tourism, mail-order bride selling". On its website, CATW categorizes sexual exploitation as including sexual harassment, rape and battery. CATW was set up in 1988; the coalition's proposed solution to the problem of human trafficking and sexual exploitation is to decriminalize the selling of sexual acts, while criminalizing the buying of sexual acts, brothel-keeping, trafficking.
This approach, sometimes referred to as the "Swedish Model" or "Nordic Model", has been implemented in Sweden, Iceland, Northern Ireland, Ireland as a result of lobbying by CATW-affiliated activists in those countries. CATW views these laws as successful in combating prostitution and human trafficking, lobbies for the replication of such legislation elsewhere. CATW claims to "reject state policies and practices that channel women into conditions of sexual exploitation"... and to "provide education and employment opportunities that enhance women's worth and status". CATW was founded 1988 as the outcome of a conference titled "First Global Conference Against Trafficking in Women," organized by several American feminist groups, including Women Against Pornography and WHISPER; the leaders of CATW, such as founder Dorchen Leidholdt and co-chair Norma Ramos, were leaders of Women Against Pornography. CATW was the first international non-governmental organization working against trafficking, gained consultative status with ECOSOC in 1989.
The CATW has influenced anti-sex industry and anti-trafficking legislation in places all over the world, including the Philippines, Bangladesh, Japan and the United States. In 2008, the Coalition supported the campaign to defeat San Francisco's Proposition K, a proposition that called for the full decriminalization of prostitution. CATW encouraged its followers to get television network HBO to stop airing shows like Cathouse, which it claims promote sex trafficking and prostitution. In 2008, CATW held a discussion at the New York City Bar Association on the laws in Sweden and the US governing prostitution and human trafficking entitled, "Abolishing Sex Slavery: From Stockholm to Hunts Point"; the organization consists of affiliated groups. It is an umbrella organization, directed by the regional networks; the organization has what it describes as "national coalitions" in countries including the Philippines, Indonesia, Venezuela, Puerto Rico, Canada, France and Greece. After the "Conference on Women Empowering Women: A Human Rights Conference on Trafficking in Asian Women" held in Manila, Philippines, in April 1993, CATW created an Asia Pacific chapter.
The Australian branch of CATW is part of the Asia Pacific chapter. The Australian branch is for women only. Other branches can be found in Africa, Norway, Northern Norway, Latin America, the Caribbean islands. CATW is an organization subscribing to a "low-risk activism", meaning it claims to use tactics that do not disrupt the public or otherwise lead to disobedience, it tends to pursue objectives by fund-raising to provide safe houses for victims and to purchase other resources. It schedules and attends meetings with the targets of their lobbying efforts and politicians to submit resolutions and enact legislation against sexual exploitation and other forms of human trafficking, it publicizes its efforts via its Web site and various human rights and anti-human trafficking organizations. CATW lobbies students and communities all over the globe, it stages "training" sessions for educators, law enforcement and government officials, community leaders, testifies before national congresses, law reform commissions, regional and United Nations committees.
The following is a list and brief description of some of CATW's global campaigns: Measures to Combat Trafficking in Human Beings - addresses perceived gaps in current anti-trafficking programs and policies, with a focus on gender equality and the links between prostitution and trafficking The Prevention Project - multi-tiered project to prevent sex trafficking and sexual exploitation by developing standard practices Project to Curb Male Demand for Prostitution Human Rights Documentation Project - conducts training sessions that instruct women's organizations in what the organization describes as "feminist research methods" Human Trafficking International Day of No Prostitution Prostitution Coalition Against Trafficking in Women: Official Site No On K: Say No to ALL Human Trafficking Prostitution Research & Education Bilateral Safety Corridor Coalition
Looking for Angelina was a 2005 Canadian drama film based on the murder case involving Angelina Napolitano. Napolitano murdered her husband with an axe and was sentenced to be executed. In 2003, independent film director Sergio Navarretta began researching Angelina's life for a documentary, but expanded the project into a feature film "once we realized how dramatic the facts were." The film, Looking for Angelina, was shot in two weeks in 2004 at Sault Ste. Marie, on a shoestring budget of $250,000; the writers, Alessandra Piccione and Frank Canino, took inspiration from Canino's play "The Angelina Project". Lina Giornofelice starred as Angelina, with Alvaro D’Antonio playing Pietro. For authenticity, large parts of the film are in period-correct Italian with English subtitles; the film was directed by Sergio Navarretta. The film was released in both Italian; the film was released in Argentina on February 19, 2009 under the title Buscando a Angelina. It was shown at the Montreal World Film Festival, Cinéfest in Sudbury, Quitus Italian Film Festival in Montreal, Shadows of the Mind Festival in Sault Ste Marie, the International Film Festival of India, Cimameriche Film Festival in Genoa and the Mumbai International Film Festival.
"In general," said director Navaretta, "audiences have responded to the film on an emotional level, empathizing with the journey of." "Looking For Angelina" won three awards: A Special Recognition at the Cimameriche Film Festival and Best Feature and Quitus Award of Distinction at the Quitus Film Festival in Montreal