Akwa Ibom State
Akwa Ibom is a state in Nigeria. It is located in the coastal southern part of the country, lying between latitudes 4°32′N and 5°33′N, longitudes 7°25′E and 8°25′E; the state is located in the South-South geopolitical zone, is bordered on the east by Cross River State, on the west by Rivers State and Abia State, on the south by the Atlantic Ocean and the southernmost tip of Cross River State. Akwa Ibom is one of Nigeria's 36 states, with a population of over five million people; the state was created in 1987 by Ibrahim Babangida from the former Cross River State and is the highest oil- and gas-producing state in the country. The state's capital is Uyo, with over 500,000 inhabitants. Akwa Ibom has an airport and two major seaports on the Atlantic Ocean with a proposed construction of a world-class seaport Ibaka Seaport at Oron; the state boasts of a 30,000-seat ultramodern sports complex. It is shaped like the Allianz arena stadium and it has modern and world-class facilities. Akwa Ibom state is home to the Ibom E-Library, a world-class information centre.
In addition to English, the main spoken languages are Ibibio, Annang and Oron. Uyo, Ikot Ekpene, Oron, Ikot Abasi, Itu, Ukanafun and Oruk Anam, Etim Ekpo Here are the list of ministries in Akwa Ibom Akwa Ibom State Ministry of Justice Akwa Ibom State Ministry of Agriculture and Food Sufficiency Akwa Ibom State Ministry of Finance Akwa Ibom State Ministry of Works Akwa Ibom State Ministry of Education Akwa Ibom State Ministry of Environment Akwa Ibom State Ministry of Transport & Petroleum Resources Akwa Ibom State Ministry of Local Government and Chieftaincy Affairs Akwa Ibom State Ministry of Lands & Town Planning Akwa Ibom State Ministry of Information & Strategy Akwa Ibom State Ministry of Health Akwa Ibom State Ministry of Science & Technology Akwa Ibom State Ministry of Women Affairs and Social Welfare Akwa Ibom State Ministry of Youth & Sports Akwa Ibom State Ministry of Housing & Special Duties Akwa Ibom State Ministry of Economic Development Labour and Manpower Planning Akwa Ibom State Ministry of Investment and Industries Akwa Ibom State Ministry of Culture and Tourism Akwa Ibom State Bureau of Political/Legislative Affairs and Water Resources Akwa Ibom State Bureau of Rural Development & Cooperatives Akwa Ibom State Roads and Other Infrastructure Maintenance Agency - AKROIMA Akwa Ibom State consists of thirty one local government areas.
They are: The region of the state was created out of Cross River State on September 23, 1987 by the Military Administration of General Ibrahim Badamosi Babangida. The people are predominantly Christian; the main ethnic groups of the state are: Ibibio Annang Oron Eket OboloIncluding their Efik brothers and sisters of Cross River State, they speak various dialects of the Efik-Ibibio Language, which belongs to the Benue–Congo language family, which forms part of the Niger–Congo group of languages. Despite the homogeneity, no central government existed among the people of what is now Akwa Ibom State prior to the British invasion in 1904. Instead, the Annang, Efik and Ibibio were all autonomous groups. Although several Scottish missionaries arrived in Calabar in 1848, Ibono in 1887, the British did not establish control of the area until 1904. In that year, the Enyong Division was created encompassing the area of the current state of Akwa Ibom, with headquarters at Ikot Ekpene, an Annang city described by the noted Africanist Kaanan Nair, as the cultural and political capital of Annang and Ibibio.
The creation of Enyong Division for the first time allowed the numerous ethnic groups to come together. This further provided a venue for the creation of the Ibibio Welfare Union renamed Ibibio State Union; this social organization was first organized as a local development and improvement forum for educated persons and groups who were shut out from the colonial administration in 1929. Nonetheless, some historians have wrongly pointed to the union to buttress their argument about the homogeneity of groups in the area; the Obolo Union, comprising Ibono and Andoni stock, was another strong socioeconomic and cultural organization that thrived in the region. The Ibono people have fought wars to maintain their unique identity and territory in the region more than any other group; when Akwa Ibom state was created in 1987, Uyo was chosen as the state capital to spread development to all regions of the state. The Akwa Ibom State Ministry of Education is tasked with monitoring the education sector of the state.
The current region of Akwa Ibom State in old Calabar Kingdom was the first to encounter Western education in Nigeria with the establishment of Hope Waddell Training Institute, at Calabar in 1895, the Methodist Boys' High School, Oron in 1905 as well as other top schools such as the Holy Family College at Abak and Regina Coeli College in Essene. Some educational institutes in the state are: University of Uyo, Uyo Maritime Academy of Nigeria, Oron Akwa Ibom State University Obong University, Obong Ntak Akwa Ibom State Polytechnic Ikot Osurua Uyo City Polytechnic Nduetong Oku Apex Polytechnic Heritage Polytechnic, Eket School of Nursing. Former Senate Minority Leader Idongesit Nkanga Former military governor of Akwa Ibom State Effiong Bob Chris Ekpenyong Former deputy governor of Akwa Ibom Stat
People's Democratic Party (Nigeria)
The People's Democratic Party is a major contemporary political party in Nigeria. Its policies lie towards the centre-right of the political spectrum, it won every Presidential election between 1999 and 2011, was until the 2015 elections, the governing party in the Fourth Republic although in some cases, amid a few controversial electoral circumstances. PDP controls 14 states out of 36 states in Nigeria. In 1998 the PDP in its first presidential primary election held in Jos, Plateau State, North Central Nigeria norminated former military leader Olusegun Obasanjo who had just been released from detention as political prisoner as the presidential candidate in the elections of February 1999, with Atiku Abubakar as his running mate, they won the presidential election and were inaugurated 29 May, 1999. In the legislative election held on 12 April 2003, the party won 54.5% of the popular vote and 223 out of 360 seats in the House of Representatives, 76 out of 109 seats in the Senate. Its candidate in the presidential election of 19 April 2003, Olusegun Obasanjo, was re-elected with 61.9% of the vote.
In December 2006 Umaru Yar'Adua was chosen as the presidential candidate of the ruling PDP for the April 2007 general election, receiving 3,024 votes from party delegates. Yar'Adua was declared the winner of the 2007 general elections, held on April 21, was sworn in on May 29, 2007, amid widespread allegations of electoral fraud. In the Nigerian National Assembly election, the party won 260 out of 360 seats in the House of Representatives and 85 out of 109 seats in the Senate. At the PDP's 2008 National Convention, it chose Prince Vincent Ogbulafor as its National Chairman on March 8, 2008. Ogbulafor, the PDP's National Secretary from 2001 to 2005, was the party's consensus choice for the position of National Chairman, selected as an alternative to the rival leading candidates Sam Egwu and Anyim Pius Anyim. All 26 other candidates, including Egwu and Anyim, withdrew in favor of Ogbulafor. Meanwhile, Alhaji Abubakar Kawu Baraje was elected as National Secretary. In 2011, after the People's Democratic Party saw members defect for the Action Congress of Nigeria, some political commentators suspected that the PDP would lose the Presidency.
Following PDP candidate Goodluck Jonathan's victory in the 2011 elections, it was reported that there were violent protests from northern youth. The longtime slogan of the People's Democratic Party has been "Power to the people". During the party's National Convention in Port Harcourt, Rivers State on 21 May 2016, David Mark, a former President of the Senate of Nigeria, introduced "Change the change" as the party's campaign slogan for the 2019 general elections; the party has a neoliberal stance in its economic policies and maintains a conservative stance on certain social issues, such as same-sex relations. The PDP favors free-market policies which support economic liberalism, limited government regulation. In 2003, President Olusegun Obasanjo and Finance Minister Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala embarked on a radical economic reform program, which reduced government spending through conservative fiscal policies, saw the deregulation and privatization of numerous industries in Nigerian services sector — notably the Nigerian Telecommunications industry.
On the other hand, the PDP adopts a more leftist stance towards welfare. In 2005, President Obasanjo launched Nigeria's first National Health Insurance Scheme to ensure that every Nigerian has access to basic health care services; the PDP strives to maintain the status quo on oil revenue distribution. Though the PDP government set up the Niger Delta Development Commission to address the needs of the oil-producing Niger Delta states, it has rebuffed repeated efforts to revert to the 50% to 50% federal-to-state government revenue allocation agreement established in 1966 during the First Republic; the PDP is against same-sex relations, favors social conservatism on moral and religious grounds. In 2007, the PDP-dominated National Assembly sponsored a bill to outlaw homosexual relations, making it punishable by law for up to five years in prison; the party is a moderate advocate of religious freedom for the Nigerian states. In the year 2000 the introduction of Islamic law in some states in Northern Nigeria triggered sectarian violence in Kaduna and Abia states.
The PDP-led federal government refused to bow to pressure from the southern, predominantly Christian states to repeal the law, instead opted for a compromise where Islamic law would only apply to Muslims. Tunde Ayeni, chairman of the PDP fundraising event in December 2014 who donated N2 billion was involved in the mismanagement of bank's funds. In the 2015 elections, the incumbent president and PDP presidential nominee, Goodluck Jonathan, was defeated by General Muhammadu Buhari of the All Progressives Congress by 55% to 45%, losing by 2.6 million votes, out of 28.6 million valid votes cast. Out of Nigeria's 36 states and the Federal Capital Territory, General Muhammadu Buhari won 21 states while President Goodluck Jonathan won 15 states and the Federal Capital Territory. In the 2019 elections, Former vice president Atiku Abubakar and PDP presidential candidadate and his party on 25th of February, 2019 rejected the outcome of the elections as INEC was yet to conclude the entire process and make official pronouncement.
PDP National Party, Prince Uche Secondus alleged that the result as announced by INEC were incorrect. Official website
Cross River State
Cross River is a state in South Nigeria, bordering Cameroon to the east. Its capital is Calabar, its name is derived from the Cross River, which passes through the state. English, Bekwarra and Efik are major languages of this state. Cross River State derives its name from the Cross River, it is a coastal state located in the Niger Delta region, occupies 20,156 square kilometers. It shares boundaries with Benue State to the north and Abia States to the west, to the east by Cameroon Republic and to the south by Akwa-Ibom and the Atlantic Ocean; the South-South State was created on 27 May 1967 from the former Eastern Region, Nigeria by the General Yakubu Gowon regime. Its name was changed to Cross River State in the 1976 state creation exercise by the General Murtala Mohammed regime from South Eastern State; the present day Akwa Ibom State was excised from it in the state creation exercise of September 1987 by the regime of General Ibrahim Babangida. Its capital is Calabar, its major towns are Akamkpa, Calabar South, Igede, Odukpani, Bekwarra, Obudu, Akpabuyo, Iso-bendghe, Boki, Bendeghe Ekiem, Etomi and Ukelle.
The state has been governed by many governors and administrators including Udoakaha J. Esuene, Paul Omu, Tunde Elegbede, Clement Isong, Donald Etiebet, Daniel Archibong, Ibim Princewill, Ernest Atta, Clement Ebri, Ibrahim Kefas, Gregory Agboneni, Umar Faoruk Ahmed, Christopher Osondu, Donald Duke, Liyel Imoke and Benedict Ayade; the Current Governor is Benedict Ayade, sworn into office on 29 May 2015. The State is composed of several ethnic groups, which include the Efik, the Ejagham, Bette, Igede and the Bekwarra. There are four major languages spoken in the state: French, Efik and Ejagham; the Efik language is spoken in the southern part of Cross River State in Calabar Municipality, Calabar South, Akpabuyo and Odukpani Local Government Areas. The Ejagham language is the most spoken language in Cross River State; the Efik-speaking people live in the Southern senatorial districts of Cross River, or as it is referred to, the Greater Calabar district, which includes Calabar Municipality, Calabar South, Biase, Akpabuyo and Akamkpa LGAs.
There is the Qua community in Calabar, which speaks Ejagham. The main Ejagham group occupies the Greater Calabar areas of Calabar Municipality, Odukpani and Akampkpa sections of Cross River State. There are the Yakurr/Agoi/Bahumono ethnic groups in Yakurr and Abi LGA, while the Mbembe are predominantly found in Obubra LGA. Further up the core northern part of the state are several sub-dialectical groups, among which are Etung, Ofutop, Nkim/Nkum, Abanajum and Boki in both Ikom and Boki LGAs; the Yala/Yache, Ukelle, Mbube, Bette and Utugwanga people are found in Ogoja, Yala and Obanliku and Bekwarra LGA's. The Yala are a subgroup of the Idoma nation, part of the Yala LGA's subgroups are the Igede speaking people believed to have migrated from the Oju part of Benue State, who migrated from Ora, in Edo North. In Cross River North, Bekwarra is the most spoken language, it is understood by other tribes in the district. This language along with Efik and Ejagham is used for news broadcast in the state owned radio and TV stations.
Cross River State epitomises the nation's linguistic and cultural plurality and it is important to note that, in spite of the diversity of dialects, all the indigenous languages in the state have common linguistic roots as Niger–Congo languages. The State boasts of being the venue of the largest carnival in Africa. Cross River healthcare delivery system is skewed in favour of the urban settlements. Cross River State consists of seventeen Local Government Areas, they are: In line with the objectives of the former Governor of the state Mr. Donald Duke to mix business with pleasure, there are many festivals; these festivals bring in tourists from far and wide into the state to enjoy themselves and do business in the state. These festivals include The Cross River State Christmas Festival, which promises to be an event that will rival any festival events in Africa, with over 30 days of endless fun, games, cultural display, art exhibition and music performance; this year's Christmas event and Carnival promise to be the best.
The Cross River State Christmas Festival – 1 December to 31 December annually The Cross River State Carnival Float – 26 and 27 December yearly The Yakurr Leboku Yam festival – 28 August annually The Calabar Boat RegataAnother Interesting Festival in cross River state is Anong Bahumono Festival which holds in Anong Village, during which different cultural dances are showcased, including Ikpobin, Obam and Etangala Dances. Bekwarra,Obudu,Obanliku New yam festival, held every 1st Saturday of September every year has grown to become a national festival. From the soaring plateaus of the mountain tops of Obanliku to the Rain forests of Afi, from the Waterfalls of Agbokim and Kwa to the spiralling ox-bow Calabar River which provides sights and images of the Tinapa Business Resort, Calabar Marina, Calabar Residency Museum and the Calabar Slave Park along its course, there is always a thrilling adventure awaiting the eco-tourist visiting Cross River State. Other tourist attractions are the Ikom Monoliths, the Mary Slessor Tomb, Calabar Drill Monkey Sanctu
Udom Gabriel Emmanuel
Udom Gabriel Emmanuel is the incumbent governor of Akwa Ibom State of Nigeria, in office since 29 May 2015. He ran for the office of governor in the April 2015 elections on the platform of Akwa Ibom State People's Democratic Party. Emmanuel was elected governor of Akwa Ibom State on 11 April 2015, he was sworn in on 29 May 2015. With his dakkada philosophy Emmanuel rose from being a Sunday school leader at the Qua Iboe Church to become a bank director. Udom Gabriel Emmanuel was born on July 11, 1966, into the family of Ette Teacher Gabriel Emmanuel Nkenang, a native of Awa Iman in Onna Local Government, Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria, he rose from being a Sunday school leader at United Evangelical Church to become a bank director. Emmanuel and his family are strong members of Nigeria. Emmanuel served as an audit manager of Price Waterhouse Coopers, he is an associate of the Chartered Institute of Taxation of Nigeria. He served as chief financial officer of Zenith Bank Plc. Emmanuel served as group head of Income Optimization, Financial Control & Strategic Planning Department at Zenith Bank.
He served as general manager of Zenith Bank Plc. He joined Zenith in 1996 from Diamond Bank Limited and was the pioneer manager of its Lagos Central Branch, he was in charge of the Telecommunications Sector, Income Optimization and Financial & Strategic Planning Group of Zenith Bank Plc. He has over seventeen years financial services, he served as an executive director of Zenith Bank Plc. He is a Chartered Accountant and he trained with Price Water house Coopers, he is a Fellow of the Nigerian Institute of Management. He has attended the Advanced Management Programme at France. Udom holds a bachelor's degree in accounting from the University of Lagos in 1988. Emmanuel holds a bachelor's degree in accounting from the University of Lagos in 1988, he is a Fellow of the Nigerian Institute of Management. He has attended the Advanced Management Program at France, he attended School of Arts and Science, Akwa Ibom State and obtained Advanced Certificate of Basic Studies and Higher School Certificate Udom attended Secondary Commercial School, Ikot Akpan Ishiet, Onna LGA of Akwa Ibom State.
Emmanuel is married to Martha Udom Emmanuel. Udom Emmanuel's father, Ette Teacher Gabriel Emmanuel Nkenang, was a native of Awa Iman in Onna Local Government, Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria. Mr. G. E. Nkanang was a Head Master and teacher; the Udom's are Christians. Udom Emmanuel is a serving Deacon and they are altogether active in the faith, he is a Christian of the United Evangelical Church faith. In July 2013, Emmanuel was appointed secretary to the State Government of Akwa Ibom State. In 2014, Emmanuel contested for the governorship of Akwa Ibom State in a primary election and defeated 22 other aspirants to emerge the candidate of the Akwa Ibom State People's Democratic Party. In 2015, Emmanuel was elected Governor of Nigeria, he contested under the platform of the People's Democratic Party, he won with 999,071 votes to defeat APC's candidate Umana Okon Umana who scored 89,865 votes of the All Progressive Congress and was declared elected by the Independent National Electoral Commission. In the March 9, 2019 Akwa Ibom state gubernatorial election, Emmanuel was re-elected as Governor of Akwa Ibom State defeating 44 other candidates in the election.
He polled 519,712 votes as against that of his closest rival Nsima Ekere of the All Progressive Congress party who had 171,978 votes. Wealth Creation Economic and Political Inclusion Poverty Alleviation Infrastructural Consolidation and Expansion Job Creation First Led factory at Itam First Shoprite at Ibom Tropicana Automobile Assembly Plant at Itu Construction of major Federal roads Youth Empowerment Programmes DAAR Communications Broadcasting Complex, Abak Ibom Air In March 18, 2017 Udom Emmanuel was given the 2016 Leadership award for Best Governor of the Year. Nigeria sports Governor of the year award, November, 2017
Adamawa is a state in northeastern Nigeria, with its capital at Yola. In 1991, when Taraba State was carved out from Gongola State, the geographical entity Gongola State was renamed Adamawa State, with four administrative divisions: Adamawa, Ganye and Numan, it is the home of the American University of Nigeria in Yola and Modibbo Adama University of Technology Yola. It is one of the thirty-six states. On May 14, 2013, President Goodluck Jonathan declared a state of emergency in Adamawa State, along with neighboring Borno State and Yobe State, due to the activities of Boko Haram. Adamawa occupies about 36,917 square kilometres, it is bordered by the states of Borno to the northwest, Gombe to the west and Taraba to the southwest. Its eastern border forms the national eastern border with Cameroon. Topographically, it is a mountainous land crossed by the large river valleys – Benue and Yedsarem; the valleys of the Mount Cameroon, Mandara Mountains and Adamawa Plateau form part of the landscape. The major occupation of the people is farming as reflected in their two notable vegetational zones, the Sub-Sudan and Northern Guinea Savannah zones.
Their cash crops are cotton and groundnuts while food crops include maize, cassava, guinea corn and rice. The village communities living on the banks of the rivers engage in fishing while the Fulanis are cattle rearers; the state has a network of roads linking all parts of the country. The development of many communities in the state can be traced to the colonial era when the Germans ruled a swath of territory known as the Northern and Southern Kameruns from Dikwa in the North to Victoria on the Atlantic coast in the 19th century; these were, handed over as United Nations Trust Territories to the British at the end of the World War I with the signing of the Treaty of Versailles. After a series of referendums, the Northern Kameruns joined Nigeria to form the Sardauna Province, the Southern Kameruns formed a Confederation with French speaking Cameroon. Adamawa State is home to the headquarters of two indigenous churches, the Church of the Brethren in Nigeria with its headquarters in Mubi in the northern zone of the state, the Lutheran Church of Christ in Nigeria with headquarters in Numan in the southern zone of the state.
The Church of the Brethren in Nigeria was founded in Garkida Gombi Local Government of the state in March 1923 by American missionaries. The Lutheran Church of Christ in Nigeria was founded in Numan by Dutch missionaries in 1913. Before it became a state in Nigeria, Adamawa was a subordinate kingdom of the Sultanate of Sokoto which included much of northern Cameroon; the rulers bear the title of emir. The name "Adamawa" came from the founder of the kingdom, Modibo Adama, a regional leader of the Fulani Jihad organized by Usman dan Fodio of Sokoto in 1804. Modibo Adama came from the region of Gurin and in 1806, received a green flag for leading the jihad in his native country. In the following years, Adama conquered many tribes. In 1838, he moved his capital to Ribadu, in 1839, to Joboliwo. In 1841, he founded Yola, where he died in 1848. After the European colonization, the rulers remained as emirs and the line of succession has continued to the present day. Emirs of Adamawa have included: Modibbo Adama ben Hassan, 1809–1848 Lawalu ben Adama, 1848–1872 Sanda ben Adama, 1872–1890 Zubayru ben Adama, 1890–1901 Bobbo Ahmadu ben Adama, 1901–1909 Iya ben Sanda, 1909–1910 Muhammadu Abba, 1910–1924 Muhammadu Bello ben Ahmadu ben Hamidu ben Adamu, 1924–1928 Mustafa ben Muhammadu Abba, 1928–1946 Ahmadu ben Muhammadu Bello, 1946–1953 Aliyu Mustafa, 1953–2010 Muhammadu Barkindo Aliyu Musdafa, 2011–present Adamawa State has been impacted by the Islamist insurgency in Nigeria.
As of November 30, 2014, the state has become home to camps housing an estimated 35,000 internally displaced persons fleeing violence from Boko Haram in locations such as Mubi, Askira Uba and Gwoza in the states of Adamawa and Yobe. In 2014, an estimate placed the number of internally displaced persons around Yola at 400,000. In 2017, when jihadist Fulani herdsmen attacked Christians in Demsa, it was alleged that the government sent the airforce to bomb the defending Christians and protect the aggressors. Organizations serving the community include the Adamawa Peace Initiative - a group of business and community leaders- and the Adamawa Muslim Council; the United States Agency for International Development has pledged to provide continuing humanitarian assistance. A measles outbreak was reported in the camps in January 2015. Mubi Nuhu Auwalu Wakili's Palace Sukur World Heritage Site Lamido's Palace American University of Nigeria Kamale Mountain Peak in Michika Three Sisters Rock in Song The confluence of Rivers Benue and Gongola in Numan Uba under Mubi Adamawa State consists of twenty-one Local Government Areas: Abubakar Saleh Michika Bamanga Tukur Mohammed Bello Atiku Abubakar Murtala Nyako Boni Haruna Babachir David Lawal Nuhu Ribadu Buba Marwa Aisha Buhari Binta Masi Garba Alex Badeh Ibrahim Lamorde Ahmed Hassan Barata Muhammadu Gambo Jimeta Iya Abubakar Boss Mustapha Adamawa.com - Articles and art from Adamawa State
Benedict Bengioushuye Ayade, is a Nigerian politician and the current Governor of Cross River State since 29 May 2015. He ran for the office of Governor in April 2015 on the platform of People's Democratic Party. Before that, he was a member of the 7th Senate of Nigeria, he was re-elected as the governor of Cross River State in the 2019 gubernatorial elections. Benedict Bengioushuye Ayade was born on 2 March 1969 to the family of Mr. & Mrs. Peter Akinsheye Ayade, natives of Kakum, a village in Obudu LGA, northern Cross River State, his parents were both devout Catholics. His father worked as a Public Servant with the Water Board. Benedict Ayade received his primary education at St. Stephens Primary School and proceeded to Government Secondary School, Nigeria for his secondary education. Ayade earned his B. Sc. in Microbiology at Ambrose Alli University in Ekpoma and proceeded to the University of Ibadan where he obtained his Ph. D. winning the Best Doctoral Dissertation Award in Environmental Microbiology.
Ayade went on to work as a lecturer at Delta State University, Abraka where he was subsequently appointed Professor. From his work in groundwater remediation in Nigeria, Ayade invented a sewage treatment plant powered by solar energy. Chairman of Ecological Fund Chairman of International Institute of Environmental Research Member of Strategic Policy Advisory Council Member of Nigeria Association of Petroleum Engineers Member of Cross River State Poverty Alleviation BoardAyade ventured into politics when he ran for a seat in the Nigerian Senate in the 2011 elections as a member of the PDP. Ayade was elected by accumulating a total of 91,123 votes. During his term in the Senate, Prof. Ayade held the position of Vice-Chairman, Senate Committee on Environment and Ecology, he was a member of other Committees such as Petroleum Downstream, Drugs/Narcotics/Crime etc. Senator Ben Ayade won the gubernatorial poll again on the platform of the People's Democratic Party in the April 2015 elections in Cross River State having polled 342,016 votes ahead of the All Progressives Congress candidate in the state Mr.
Odey Ochicha with 53,983 votes. Ben Ayade recontested in the 2019 Gubernatorial Elections as a member of the People Democratic Party and was reelected as the governor of Cross River State. Senator Ben Ayade was awarded the 2016 Vanguard Governor of the Year. Ayade has 3 children, his hobbies include reading and watching games, as well as dancing
Nigeria the Federal Republic of Nigeria, is a federal republic in West Africa, bordering Niger in the north, Chad in the northeast, Cameroon in the east, Benin in the west. Its coast in the south is located on the Gulf of Guinea in the Atlantic Ocean; the federation comprises 36 states and 1 Federal Capital Territory, where the capital, Abuja, is located. The constitution defines Nigeria as a democratic secular country. Nigeria has been home to states over the millennia; the modern state originated from British colonial rule beginning in the 19th century, took its present territorial shape with the merging of the Southern Nigeria Protectorate and Northern Nigeria Protectorate in 1914. The British set up administrative and legal structures while practising indirect rule through traditional chiefdoms. Nigeria became a formally independent federation in 1960, it experienced a civil war from 1967 to 1970. It thereafter alternated between democratically elected civilian governments and military dictatorships until it achieved a stable democracy in 1999, with the 2011 presidential election considered the first to be reasonably free and fair.
Nigeria is referred to as the "Giant of Africa", owing to its large population and economy. With 186 million inhabitants, Nigeria is the most populous country in Africa and the seventh most populous country in the world. Nigeria has the third-largest youth population in the world, after India and China, with more than 90 million of its population under age 18; the country is viewed as a multinational state as it is inhabited by 250 ethnic groups, of which the three largest are the Hausa and Yoruba. The official language is English. Nigeria is divided in half between Christians, who live in the southern part of the country, Muslims, who live in the north. A minority of the population practice religions indigenous to Nigeria, such as those native to the Igbo and Yoruba ethnicities; as of 2015, Nigeria is the world's 20th largest economy, worth more than $500 billion and $1 trillion in terms of nominal GDP and purchasing power parity respectively. It overtook South Africa to become Africa's largest economy in 2014.
The 2013 debt-to-GDP ratio was 11 percent. Nigeria is considered to be an emerging market by the World Bank. However, it has a "low" Human Development Index, ranking 152nd in the world. Nigeria is a member of the MINT group of countries, which are seen as the globe's next "BRIC-like" economies, it is listed among the "Next Eleven" economies set to become among the biggest in the world. Nigeria is a founding member of the African Union and a member of many other international organizations, including the United Nations, the Commonwealth of Nations and OPEC; the name Nigeria was taken from the Niger River running through the country. This name was coined in the late 19th century by British journalist Flora Shaw, who married Lord Lugard, a British colonial administrator; the origin of the name Niger, which applied only to the middle reaches of the Niger River, is uncertain. The word is an alteration of the Tuareg name egerew n-igerewen used by inhabitants along the middle reaches of the river around Timbuktu prior to 19th-century European colonialism.
The Nok civilisation of Northern Nigeria flourished between 500 BC and AD 200, producing life-sized terracotta figures that are some of the earliest known sculptures in Sub-Saharan Africa. Further north, the cities Kano and Katsina have a recorded history dating to around 999 AD. Hausa kingdoms and the Kanem–Bornu Empire prospered as trade posts between North and West Africa; the Kingdom of Nri of the Igbo people consolidated in the 10th century and continued until it lost its sovereignty to the British in 1911. Nri was ruled by the Eze Nri, the city of Nri is considered to be the foundation of Igbo culture. Nri and Aguleri, where the Igbo creation myth originates, are in the territory of the Umeuri clan. Members of the clan trace their lineages back to the patriarchal king-figure Eri. In West Africa, the oldest bronzes made using the lost-wax process were from Igbo-Ukwu, a city under Nri influence; the Yoruba kingdoms of Ife and Oyo in southwestern Nigeria became prominent in the 12th and 14th centuries, respectively.
The oldest signs of human settlement at Ife's current site date back to the 9th century, its material culture includes terracotta and bronze figures. Oyo, at its territorial zenith in the late 17th to early 18th centuries, extended its influence from western Nigeria to modern-day Togo; the Edo's Benin Empire is located in southwestern Nigeria. Benin's power lasted between the 19th centuries, their dominance reached further. At the beginning of the 19th century, Usman dan Fodio directed a successful jihad and created and led the centralised Fulani Empire; the territory controlled by the resultant state included much of modern-day northern and central Nigeria. For centuries, various peoples in modern-day Nigeria traded overland with traders from North Africa. Cities in the area became regional centres in a broad network of trade routes that spanned western and northern Africa. In the 16th century, Portuguese explorers were the first Europeans to begin significant, direct trade with peoples of modern-day Nigeria, at the port they named Lago