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Kosmos 668

Kosmos 668 known as DS-P1-Yu No.74, was a Soviet satellite, launched in 1974 as part of the Dnepropetrovsk Sputnik programme. It was a 400-kilogram spacecraft, built by the Yuzhnoye Design Bureau, was used as a radar calibration target for anti-ballistic missile tests; the launch of Kosmos 668 took place from Site 133/1 at the Plesetsk Cosmodrome, used a Kosmos-2I 63SM carrier rocket. It occurred at 12:00 UTC on 25 July 1974, resulted in the satellite reaching low Earth orbit. Upon reaching orbit, the satellite was assigned its Kosmos designation, received the International Designator 1974-058A; the North American Aerospace Defense Command assigned it the catalogue number 07385. Kosmos 668 was the seventy-first of seventy nine DS-P1-Yu satellites to be launched, the sixty-fourth of seventy two to reach orbit, it was operated in an orbit with a perigee of 266 kilometres, an apogee of 475 kilometres, 70.9 degrees of inclination, an orbital period of 92 minutes. It remained in orbit until it decayed and reentered the atmosphere on 21 February 1975.

1974 in spaceflight

Roden Cutler

Sir Arthur Roden Cutler, known as Sir Roden Cutler, was an Australian diplomat, the longest serving Governor of New South Wales and a recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest award for gallantry "in the face of the enemy" that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth armed forces. Arthur Roden Cutler was born on 24 May 1916, his cousin, Sir Charles Cutler, was Deputy Premier of New South Wales from 1965 to 1975. Arthur grew up in the Sydney Harbour suburb of Manly where he attended the Manly Village Public School. At the age of 15 he enrolled at Sydney Boys High School. After school, he worked for the Texas Company Australasia, which became Texaco, he studied economics during the night at the University of Sydney and joined the Sydney University Regiment in 1936. On 10 November 1939, he was commissioned as a lieutenant in the Sydney University Regiment, he enjoyed all sports riding, rifle shooting and water polo, was awarded a University Blue in swimming. As an 18-year-old lifesaver, he swam to the aid of a surfer, being circled by a large shark.

The shark brushed him twice. In May 1940, he volunteered for overseas service with the Second Australian Imperial Force, receiving a commission in the 2/5th Field Regiment, Royal Australian Artillery, 7th Division. In 1941, Cutler served with the 2/5th in the Syria-Lebanon Campaign. During the period between 19 June and 6 July, in the Merdjayoun-Damour area of Syria, as part of the Battle of Merdjayoun, Lieutenant Cutler's exploits included repairing a telephone line under heavy fire, repulsing enemy tank attacks, setting up an outpost to bring fire to a road used by the enemy and, with a 25-pound field gun, demolishing a post threatening the Australian advance. During the Battle of Damour, he was wounded and when rescued 26 hours his leg had to be amputated. Cutler received the Victoria Cross for his actions in the Merdjayoun-Damour area, was medically discharged in 1942. War Office, 28 November 1941; the KING has been graciously pleased to approve the award of the VICTORIA CROSS to the under-mentioned:— Lieutenant Arthur Roden Cutler, Australian Military Forces.

For most conspicuous and sustained gallantry during the Syrian Campaign and for outstanding bravery during the bitter fighting at Merdjayoun when this artillery officer became a byword amongst the forward troops with whom he worked. At Merdjayoun on the 19 June 1941 our infantry attack was checked after suffering heavy casualties from an enemy counter attack with tanks. Enemy machine gun fire swept the ground but Lieutenant Cutler with another artillery officer and a small party pushed on ahead of the infantry and established an outpost in a house; the telephone line was cut and he went out and mended this line under machine gun fire and returned to the house, from which enemy posts and a battery were engaged. The enemy attacked this outpost with infantry and tanks, killing the Bren gunner and mortally wounding the other officer. Lieutenant Cutler and another manned the anti-tank rifle and Bren gun and fought back driving the enemy infantry away; the tanks continued the attack, but under constant fire from the anti-tank rifle and Bren gun withdrew.

Lieutenant Cutler personally supervised the evacuation of the wounded members of his party. Undaunted he pressed for a further advance, he had been ordered to establish an outpost from which he could register the only road by which the enemy transport could enter the town. With a small party of volunteers he pressed on until with one other he succeeded in establishing an outpost right in the town, occupied by the Foreign Legion, despite enemy machine gun fire which prevented our infantry from advancing. At this time Lieutenant Cutler knew the enemy were massing on his left for a counter attack and that he was in danger of being cut off, he carried out his task of registering the battery on the road and engaging enemy posts. The enemy counter attacked with infantry and tanks and he was cut off, he was forced to go after dark succeeded in making his way through the enemy lines. His work in registering the only road by which enemy transport could enter the town was of vital importance and a big factor in the enemy's subsequent retreat.

On the night of the 23rd-24 June he was in charge of a 25-pounder sent forward into our forward defended localities to silence an enemy anti-tank gun and post which had held up our attack. This he did and next morning the recapture of Merdjayoun was completed. At Damour on 6 July when our forward infantry were pinned to the ground by heavy hostile machine gun fire Lieutenant Cutler, regardless of all danger, went to bring a line to his outpost when he was wounded. Twenty-six hours elapsed before it was possible to rescue this officer, whose wound by this time had become septic necessitating the amputation of his leg. Throughout the Campaign this officer's courage was unparalleled and his work was a big factor in the recapture of Merdjayoun. London Gazette Cutler married Helen Cutler on 28 May 1946, they had four sons. She died on 8 November 1990 at St Vincent's Hospital. Cutler remarried in 1993 to Joan Goodwin. Following the war, Cutler began a long career in the Australian diplomatic service.

At the age of 29 he was appointed High Commissioner to New Zealand. Other postings within the Commonwealth followed; as a result of his service in Egypt, Cutler was appointed Commander of the Order of the British Empire in the 1957 New Years Honours. Cutler acted as Secretary-General of the South-East Asia Council of Ministers meeting in Canberra in Ja

MasterChef (American season 3)

Season 3 of the American competitive reality TV series MasterChef had a 2-night premiere on Fox on June 4 and 5, 2012. The season concluded on September 10, 2012, with the first blind contestant, Christine Hà, winning the MasterChef title. Runner-up Josh Marks committed suicide on October 12, 2013, at age 26, he had been diagnosed with schizophrenia the day before his death, had been suffering from bipolar disorder. This cook won the competition; this cook finished in second place. The cook won the individual challenge; the cook directly advanced to the next round. The cook didn't win; the cook wasn't selected as a bottom entry in an individual challenge. The cook wasn't selected as a bottom entry in a Team Challenge; the cook was safe from elimination. The cook was on the losing team in the Team Challenge, competed in the Pressure Test, advanced; the cook was on the losing team in the Team Challenge, did not compete in the Pressure Test, advanced. The cook returned to the competition; the cook advanced.

The cook advanced. The cook was eliminated from Masterchef. Paula Deen - Episode 13

Arkansas Highway 367

Arkansas Highway 367 is a designation for two north–south state highways in Arkansas. A southern route of 15.03 miles travels north from U. S. Route 167 in East End north to US 70 in Little Rock. A northern route of 81.52 miles begins in Cabot at US 67/AR 5/AR 321 and travels northeast to US 412 in Walnut Ridge. The southern segment begins in Little Rock, Arkansas at an intersection with US 70 as part of Arch Street, its southern terminus is at an intersection with US 167 south of Arkansas. Traveling north to south, it is a former alignment of US 167, it is known as "Arch Street" or "Arch Street Pike" after the Little Rock street. The northern segment begins at AR 34 at Walnut Ridge. Traveling northeast to southwest, it is a former alignment of US 67. Highway 367 Spur is a spur route of 0.49 miles in Arkansas. The northern terminus is at an intersection with US 67 / US 167/ US 64 north of Beebe. Arkansas, its southern terminus is in Beebe at an intersection with AR 367. It continues south as N. Pecan St.

List of state highways in Arkansas Media related to Arkansas Highway 367 at Wikimedia Commons

Free State of Costa Rica

The Free State of Costa Rica was the name acquired by Costa Rica after its split from the Federal Republic of Central America in 1838 and until the proclamation of the First Costa Rican Republic in 1847. Costa Rica as a member state of the Central American Federation was named the State of Costa Rica as established on the Fundamental Law of the State of Costa Rica; as a federal state, Costa Rica was an active member of the Federation respecting the federal laws and electing its representatives to the Federal level. However, with the start of the civil war among Guatemala, Honduras and El Salvador, Costa Rica enacted the Aprilia Law, allowing itself to remain autonomous until constitutional order was restored. After Francisco Morazán’s victory in the civil war and despite still having the Aprilia Law in function, Costa Rica makes an election for its seats on the Federal Congress electing Félix Romero Menjíbar and Juan Diego Bonilla Nava as deputies and Marquis Manuel María de Peralta and José Francisco Peralta as senators.

Bonilla acted as President of the Federal Congress. Morazán would be elected President in the 1830 Central American federal election and the Central American Supreme Court requested Costa Rica to abrogate the Aprilia Law, which Costa Rica's state congress did on February 3, 1831. However, after Colombia's annexation of the Costa Rican territory of Bocas del Toro without receiving federal help, sympathy for the Federation decreased. On May 30, 1838 the Federal Congress allowed the dissolution of the Federal Republic by letting each of the member states to “organized according to their will” which ended the Federation. Costa Rica's independence from the Federal Republic is proclaimed by dictator Braulio Carrillo and his Decree of Basis and Guarantees becomes the de facto Constitution. Carrillo would negotiate the debt payment with Great Britain to avoid the impending threat of invasion, encouraged the coffee-growing industry and connected Limón Province through a railroad, but Carrillo was overthrown by Francisco Morazán.

Morazán was planning to re-established the Federation by force using Costa Rica as headquarters and thus, was overthrown and executed to avoid the war that the rest of Central America was planning against Costa Rica. The leader of the coup Antonio Pinto Soares took power temporary, but he was born in Portugal and thus couldn't be Head of State. Congress chooses José María Alfaro Zamora in his place who ruled between September 27, 1842 and November 28, 1844. Alfaro called for elections for a new Constituent Assembly. Francisco María Oreamuno Bonilla is elected Head of State in the 1844 Costa Rican Head of State election but never takes interest in the office and is deposed, replaced by President of the Senate Rafael Moya Murillo from December 17, 1844 till April 30, 1845 and by Senator José Rafael Gallegos between May 1, 1845 and June 7, 1846. Gallegos government was unpopular due to his attempts to rule by decree and the chaotic situation, a coup deposed him lead by Zamora who called for a new Constituent Assembly and created the 1847 Constitution.

The name of the country was changed back to State of Costa Rica, the presidential period was extended to six years, male universal suffrage was established, the bicameral congress was changed to unicameral and the office of the President of the State was created. In the following 1847 Costa Rican Head of State election José María Castro Madriz won over Zamora and his reformation of the 1847 Constitution proclaimed the Republic of Costa Rica ending the existence of the Free State; the Executive branch of government was in the hands of the Head of State, head of government and elected by popular vote. The Legislature was bicameral for most of its history with a Senate and a House of Deputies both elected by popular vote; the Judiciary was named Supreme Court of Justice of Costa Rica and all branches were independent from each other