List of tallest bridges

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The list of the world's tallest bridges ranks bridges by the height of their structure. The structural height of a bridge is the maximum vertical distance from the uppermost point of a bridge, such as the top of a bridge tower in a suspension bridge, down to the lowest visible point of a bridge, where its piers emerge from the surface of the ground or water. Structural height should not be confused with deck height, which measures the maximum vertical drop distance from the bridge deck (the road bed of a bridge) down to the ground or water surface beneath the bridge span. A separate list of the world's highest bridges ranks bridges by deck height.

The rankings of the world's tallest and highest bridges differ in part because some of the highest bridges are built across deep valleys or gorges, the Duge Bridge, connecting the Yunnan and Guizhou provinces of China, is a Cable-stayed bridge that spans a deep river gorge. The bridge's two towers, built on either rim of the gorge, are not tall enough for the bridge structure to be classed as the world's tallest, but thanks to the depth of the river gorge, the deck height of the Duge Bridge is at least 565 m (1,854 ft), making the bridge the highest in the world. The Millau Viaduct, a cable-stayed bridge that spans the Tarn River Valley in southern France, is a bridge that is both tall (in structural height) and high (in deck height). The viaduct's bridge deck soars 270 m (890 ft) above the valley floor, placing the bridge among the thirty highest bridges in the world. Unlike the Duge Bridge, the tallest of the Millau Viaduct's towers (also referred to as mast pylons) is situated near the valley floor and gives the Millau Viaduct a maximum structural height of 343 m (1,125 ft), making it the tallest bridge in the world.

Completed[edit]

Photo Rank Name Structural height Longest span Type Opened Country Place Carries
ViaducdeMillau.jpg 1 Millau Viaduct 343 metres (1,125 ft)[1] 342 metres (1,122 ft) Cable-stayed 2004  France Millau Motorway
Yavuz Sultan Selim Bridge IMG 3065.jpg 2 Yavuz Sultan Selim Bridge 322 metres (1,056 ft)[2] 1,408 metres (4,619 ft) Cable-Suspension 2016  Turkey Istanbul Rail transport
+ Motorway
Russki Island Bridge, Russia1.jpg 3 Russky Bridge 320.9 metres (1,053 ft) 1,104 metres (3,622 ft) Cable-stayed 2012  Russia Vladivostok Expressway
Sutong Yangtze River Bridge.JPG 4 Sutong Bridge 306 metres (1,004 ft) 1,088 metres (3,570 ft) Cable-stayed 2008  China Changshu Expressway
Stonecutters' Bridge, Hong Kong.jpg 5 Stonecutters Bridge 298 metres (978 ft) 1,018 metres (3,340 ft) Cable-stayed 2009  Hong Kong Hong Kong Expressway
No image.svg 6 Chishi Bridge 288 metres (945 ft)[3] 380 metres (1,250 ft) Cable-stayed 2016  China Yizhang County Expressway
Akashi Bridge.JPG 7 Akashi Kaikyō Bridge 282.8 metres (928 ft) 1,991 metres (6,532 ft) Suspension 1998  Japan Kobe Motorway
Yi Sun-sin Bridge in construction2.jpg 8 Yi Sun-sin Bridge 270 metres (890 ft)[4] 1,545 metres (5,069 ft) Suspension 2012  South Korea Yeosu Road
BeipanjiangDugeByHighestBridges.jpg 9 Duge Bridge 269 metres (883 ft) 720 metres (2,360 ft) Cable-stayed 2016  China Guiyang (Guizhou) Expressway
China Yangtze Bridge2.jpg 10 Jingyue Bridge 265 metres (869 ft) 816 metres (2,677 ft) Cable-stayed 2010  China Jingzhou Expressway
YachiByHighestBridges.jpg 11 Yachi River Bridge 258.2 metres (847 ft) 800 metres (2,600 ft) Cable-stayed 2016  China Guiyang (Guizhou)
26°50′53″N 106°08′13″E / 26.8480°N 106.1369°E / 26.8480; 106.1369 (Yachi River Bridge)
Expressway
Storebæltsbroen-2.jpg 12 Great Belt East Bridge 254 metres (833 ft) 1,624 metres (5,328 ft) Suspension 1998  Denmark Korsør Motorway
Zhongxian Changjiang Bridge.JPG 13 Zhongzhou Yangtze River Bridge 247.5 metres (812 ft)[5] 460 metres (1,510 ft) Cable-stayed 2010  China Huangshi Expressway
No image.svg 14 Gongshuihe Bridge (zh) 245 metres (804 ft)[6] 400 metres (1,300 ft) Cable-stayed 2014[7]  China Xuan'en County Expressway
Jiujiang Yangtze River Expressway Bridge View.jpg 15 Jiujiang Fuyin Expressway Bridge 244.3 metres (802 ft)[8] 818 metres (2,684 ft) Cable-stayed 2013  China Jiujiang Expressway
E’dong Yangtze River Bridge.JPG 16 E’dong Bridge 242.5 metres (796 ft) 926 metres (3,038 ft) Cable-stayed 2010  China Zhong County Expressway
Mezcala Bridge - Mexico edit3.jpg 17 Mezcala Bridge 236 metres (774 ft)[9] 311 metres (1,020 ft) Cable-stayed 1993  Mexico Mártir de Cuilapán Motorway
Izmit Bay Bridge (3).JPG 18 Osman Gazi Bridge 234.425 metres (769.11 ft) 1,550 metres (5,090 ft) Cable-stayed 2016  Turkey Gebze, Gulf of İzmit Motorway
Incheon bridge (12).jpg 19 Incheon Bridge 230.5 metres (756 ft) 800 metres (2,600 ft) Cable-stayed 2009  South Korea Incheon Motorway
Golden Gate Bridge .JPG 20 Golden Gate Bridge 227.4 metres (746 ft) 1,280 metres (4,200 ft) Suspension 1937  United States San Francisco Motorway
Xiamen Zhangzhou Bridge XIAZHA.jpg 21 Xiamen Zhangzhou Bridge 227 metres (745 ft) 780 metres (2,560 ft) Cable-stayed 2013  China Zhangzhou and Xiamen Motorway
Jiashao Bridge.jpg 21 Jiashao Bridge 227 metres (745 ft) 428 metres (1,404 ft) Cable-stayed 2012  China Hangzhou Bay Motorway
Мост через бухту Золотой Рог, июль 2012.jpg 23 Zolotoy Bridge 226 metres (741 ft) 737 metres (2,418 ft) Cable-stayed 2012  Russia Vladivostok Expressway
Puente el Carrizo.jpg 23 El Carrizo Bridge 226 metres (741 ft)[10] 217 metres (712 ft) Cable-stayed 2013  Mexico El Palmito Road
象山港大桥桥面.jpg 25 Xiangshan Harbor Bridge 225.5 metres (740 ft) 688 metres (2,257 ft) Cable-stayed 2012  China Ningbo Motorway
Langqi Bridge.jpg 26 Langqi Bridge 223 metres (732 ft) 680 metres (2,230 ft) Cable-stayed 2013  China Fuzhou Motorway
Yangpu Bridge-1.jpg 26 Yangpu Bridge 223 metres (732 ft) 602 metres (1,975 ft) Cable-stayed 1993  China Shanghai Road
San Marcos Bridge Towers.jpg 26 San Marcos Bridge 223 metres (732 ft) [10] 180 metres (590 ft) Concrete 2013  Mexico Xicotepec de Juárez Road
Fourth Nanjing Yangtze Bridge.JPG 26 Fourth Nanjing Yangtze Bridge 223 metres (732 ft) [11] 1,418 metres (4,652 ft) Suspension 2012  China Nanjing Road
Tatara Bridge-3edit.jpg 30 Tatara Bridge 220 metres (720 ft) 890 metres (2,920 ft) Cable-stayed 1999  Japan Imabari Road
Badong Yangtze River Bridge.JPG 31 Badong Bridge 218 metres (715 ft) 388 metres (1,273 ft) Cable-stayed 2005  China Badong County Road
Xupu Bridge.JPG 32 Xupu Bridge 217 m (712 ft)[12] 590 metres (1,940 ft) Cable-stayed 1997  China Shanghai Expressway
Guozigou Bridge.jpg 33 Guozigoui Bridge 215.5 metres (707 ft)[13] 360 metres (1,180 ft) Cable-stayed 2011  China Huocheng County Road
NJ 3rd Bridge-edit.jpg 34 Third Nanjing Yangtze Bridge 215.1 metres (706 ft) 215 metres (705 ft) Cable-stayed 2005  China Nanjing Expressway
Bushes in Runyang Bridge Park.JPG 35 Runyang Bridge 215 metres (705 ft) 1,490 metres (4,890 ft) Suspension 2005  China Jiangsu Expressway
Pont de Normandie - IMG 1350big-edit.JPG 36 Pont de Normandie 214.8 metres (705 ft) 856 metres (2,808 ft) Cable-stayed 1995  France Le Havre Expressway
Minpu 1st Bridge.jpg 37 Minpu Bridge 214.5 metres (704 ft) 708 metres (2,323 ft) Cable-stayed 2010  China Shanghai Motorway
Fengjie Yangtze River Bridge.JPG 38 Fengjie Bridge 214 metres (702 ft) 460 metres (1,510 ft) Cable-stayed 2005  China Fengjie Road
Tongling Yangtze Rail-Road Bridge.jpg 39 Second Tongling Bridge (zh) 212 metres (696 ft)[14] 630 metres (2,070 ft) Cable-stayed 2015  China Tongling
31°5′0.4″N 117°57′58.3″E / 31.083444°N 117.966194°E / 31.083444; 117.966194 (Second Tongling Bridge)
Expressway, Rail
Verrazano Bridge2.jpg 40 Verrazano Narrows Bridge 211.3 metres (693 ft) 1,298 metres (4,259 ft) Suspension 1964  United States New York City Motorway
Xihoumen Bridge.JPG 41 Xihoumen Bridge 211 metres (692 ft) 1,650 metres (5,410 ft) Suspension 2008  China Zhoushan Archipelago Road
Huangyi Yangtze River Bridge.JPG 42 Huangyi Bridge 210 metres (690 ft) 520 metres (1,710 ft) Cable-stayed 2012  China Huangyi Road
Anqing Yangtze River Railway Bridge.JPG 42 Anqing Yangtze River Railway Bridge 210 metres (690 ft) 580 metres (1,900 ft) Cable-stayed 2013  China Anqing Motorway/railway
No image.svg 42 Xianshen River Bridge 210 metres (690 ft)[15] 136 metres (446 ft) Cable-stayed 2009  China Jincheng Road
Shanghai Yangtze River Bridge.JPG 45 Shanghai Yangtze River Bridge 209 metres (686 ft) 730 metres (2,400 ft) Cable-stayed 2009  China Shanghai Motorway
Erqi Yangtze River Bridge.JPG 45 Erqi Bridge 209 metres (686 ft)[16] 616 metres (2,021 ft) Cable-stayed 2011  China Wuhan Motorway
Pengxihe Bridge.JPG 47 Pengxihe Bridge 208 metres (682 ft) 316 metres (1,037 ft) Cable-stayed 2008  China Yunyang Expressway
Hejiang Bridge.JPG 47 Hejiang Changjiang Second Bridge 208 metres (682 ft) 420 metres (1,380 ft) Cable-stayed 2013  China Hejiang Expressway
No image.svg 49 Yongchuan Bridge 207.4 metres (680 ft) 608 metres (1,995 ft) Cable-stayed 2013  China Songji Expressway
Queensferry Crossing view02 2017-03-16.jpg 50 Queensferry Crossing 207 metres (679 ft) 650 metres (2,130 ft) Cable-stayed 2017  United Kingdom Firth of Forth Motorway
Tsing Ma Bridge 2.jpg 51 Tsing Ma Bridge 206 metres (676 ft) 1,377 metres (4,518 ft) Suspension 1997  Hong Kong Hong Kong Road/railway
Fuling Wujiang Bridge-1.jpg 52 Wujiang Fuling Bridge 204.8 metres (672 ft)[17] 320 metres (1,050 ft) Cable-stayed 2013  China Fuling Road
Balinghe Bridge-2.jpg 53 Baling River Bridge 204.5 metres (671 ft)[18] 1,088 metres (3,570 ft) Suspension 2009  China Guanling County Expressway
Under the bridge - Oresund Bridge.jpg 54 Øresund Bridge 203.5 metres (668 ft) 490 metres (1,610 ft) Cable-stayed 2000  Sweden/ Denmark Malmö/Copenhagen[note 1] Motorway/railway
Jintang cable-stayed bridge.JPG 55 Jintang Bridge 202.5 metres (664 ft) 620 metres (2,030 ft) Cable-stayed 2009  China Zhoushan Archipelago Expressway
Ting Kau Bridge-1.jpg 56 Ting Kau Bridge 201.6 metres (661 ft) 475 metres (1,558 ft) Cable-stayed 1998  Hong Kong Hong Kong Road
Huangpu Bridge-2.jpg 57 Huangpu Bridge 201 metres (659 ft) 1,108 metres (3,635 ft) Cable-stayed 2008  China Guangzhou Road
Hardangerbrua (15028061131).png 58 Hardanger Bridge 200.5 metres (658 ft) 1,380 metres (4,530 ft) Suspension 2013  Norway Hardangerfjord Road
Ada Bridge 2012.jpg 59 Ada Bridge 200 metres (660 ft) 376 metres (1,234 ft) Cable-stayed 2011  Serbia Belgrade Road/light railway
Cantarat Salla 02.jpg 60 Mohammed VI Bridge 200 metres (660 ft) 950 metres (3,120 ft) Cable-stayed 2016  Morocco Rabat Motorway
GreatSetoBridge2-edit.jpg 61 Minami Bisan-Seto Bridge 200 metres (660 ft) 1,100 metres (3,600 ft) Suspension 1988  Japan Sakaide
HangzhouBayBridgeView.jpg 62 Hangzhou Bay Bridge 197 metres (646 ft) 318 metres (1,043 ft) Cable-stayed 2008  China Jiaxing Expressway
Malinghe River Bridge-1.jpg 63 Malinghe River Bridge 196 metres (643 ft)[19] 360 metres (1,180 ft) Cable-stayed 2011  China Xingyi Road
Second Nanjing Yangtze Bridge.JPG 64 Second Nanjing Yangtze Bridge 195.4 metres (641 ft) 628 metres (2,060 ft) Cable-stayed 2001  China Nanjing Motorway
No image.svg 64 Third Jinan Yellow River Bridge 195 metres (640 ft) 386 metres (1,266 ft) Cable-stayed 2008  China Jinan Motorway
No image.svg 65 Hezhang Bridge 195 metres (640 ft)[10] 180 metres (590 ft) Concrete 2013  China Hezhang Road
New Yalu River Bridge - Under Construction, June 2012.jpg 66 New Yalu River Bridge 194.6 metres (638 ft) 636 metres (2,087 ft) Cable-stayed 2015  China/ North Korea Dandong/Sinuiju
40°2′7.8″N 124°22′11.2″E / 40.035500°N 124.369778°E / 40.035500; 124.369778 (New Yalu River Bridge)
[20]
TaizhouBridgeView.jpg 67 Taizhou Yangtze River Bridge 194 metres (636 ft)[10] 1,080 metres (3,540 ft) Suspension 2012  China Taizhou Expressway
JiangyinBridgeView.jpg 68 Jiangyin Suspension Bridge 193 metres (633 ft)[10] 1,385 metres (4,544 ft) Suspension 1997  China Jiangyin Road
Meixihe Bridge.JPG 69 Meixi River Expressway Bridge 193 metres (633 ft)[21] 386 metres (1,266 ft) Cable-stayed 2010  China Fengjie Expressway
Tieluoping Bridge-1.jpg 70 Tieluoping Bridge 192 metres (630 ft)[10] 322 metres (1,056 ft) Cable-stayed 2009  China Langping Expressway
Puente de Talavera.jpg 71 Puente de Castilla la Mancha 192 metres (630 ft)[22] 318 metres (1,043 ft) Cable-stayed 2011  Spain Talavera Road
Shennongxi Highway Bridge.JPG 72 Shennongxi Bridge 191 metres (627 ft) [23] 320 metres (1,050 ft) Cable-stayed 2012  China Yanduhezhen Road
Ponte25Abril1.jpg 73 25 de Abril Bridge 190.5 metres (625 ft) 1,013 metres (3,323 ft) Suspension 1966  Portugal Lisbon Motorway/railway
Meikou-edit.jpg 74 Meiko-Chuo Bridge 190 metres (620 ft)[24] 590 metres (1,940 ft) Cable-stayed 1998  Japan Nagoya Road
Liuchonghe Bridge-1.jpg 75 Liuchonghe Bridge 190 metres (620 ft)[10] 438 metres (1,437 ft) Cable-stayed 2013  China Zhijin Expressway
TianxingzhouRailwayBridgeView.jpg 76 Tianxingzhou Yangtze River Bridge 190 metres (620 ft)[10] 504 metres (1,654 ft) Cable-stayed 2009  China Wuhan Motorway/railway
Yingbin Yangtze River Bridge.JPG 77 Fenfangwan Bridge 189.3 metres (621 ft)[10] 464 metres (1,522 ft) Cable-stayed 2013  China Jiangjin Road/railway
Wulingshan Bridge-3.jpg 78 Wulingshan Bridge 188 metres (617 ft)[25] 263 metres (863 ft) Cable-stayed 2009  China Pengshui Road
Thailand - Chao Phraya River.jpg 79 Kanchanaphisek Bridge 188 metres (617 ft) 500 metres (1,600 ft) Cable-stayed 2007  Thailand Samunt Prakan Road
No image.svg 80 Jiangshun Xi River Bridge (zh) 186 metres (610 ft)[26] 700 metres (2,300 ft) Cable-stayed 2015  China Foshan - Jiangmen (Guangdong)
22°46′41″N 113°04′29″E / 22.77806°N 113.07472°E / 22.77806; 113.07472 (Jiangshun Xi River Bridge)
Expressway
Anqing Yangtze River Bridge.JPG 81 Anqing Bridge 185 metres (607 ft)[27] 510 metres (1,670 ft) Cable-stayed 2004  China Anhui Expressway
Construcción del puente de la Pepa, Cadiz2.jpg 82 La Pepa Bridge 185 metres (607 ft) 540 metres (1,770 ft) Cable-stayed 2015  Spain Cadiz Road
George Washington Bridge from New Jersey.jpg 83 George Washington Bridge 184.1 metres (604 ft) 1,100 metres (3,600 ft) Suspension 1931  United States Fort Lee, New Jersey Motorway
Puente Centenario - Flickr - jacf18.jpg 84 Centennial Bridge 184 metres (604 ft) 420 metres (1,380 ft) Cable-stayed 2004  Panama Paraíso Road
Kurushimakaikyou ohashi.jpg 85 Kurushima-Kaikyō Bridge 184 metres (604 ft) 1,030 metres (3,380 ft) Suspension 1999  Japan Imabari Road
Hanjiatuo Yangtze River Bridge.JPG 86 Hanjiatuo Bridge 184 metres (604 ft)[10] 432 metres (1,417 ft) Cable-stayed 2013  China Fuling Motorway/railway
睽違十多年的甲仙行 2.jpg 87 Kao-Ping Hsi Bridge 183.5 metres (602 ft)[28] 330 metres (1,080 ft) Cable-stayed 2000  Taiwan Kaohsiung
Qingcaobei Yangtze River Bridge.jpg 88 Qincaobei Bridge 183 metres (600 ft)[10] 788 metres (2,585 ft) Suspension 2013  China Lidu Expressway
No image.svg 89 Labajin Bridge 182.6 metres (599 ft)[29] 200 metres (660 ft) Concrete 2012  China Yingjing Road
Seohae1.jpg 90 Seohae Bridge 182 metres (597 ft) 470 metres (1,540 ft) Cable-stayed 2000  South Korea Gyeonggi Road
Guangzhou Dongsha Bridge under construction.jpg 91 Dongsha Bridge 182 metres (597 ft) 338 metres (1,109 ft) Cable-stayed 2008  China Guangzhou Road
Vista aérea da ponte sobre o rio Negro que liga Manaus a Iranduba.jpg 92 Rio Negro Bridge 182 metres (597 ft)[30] 200 metres (660 ft) Cable-stayed 2011  Brazil Manaus Road
Qingzhou Bridge.jpg 93 Qingzhou Bridge 180.5 metres (592 ft) 605 metres (1,985 ft) Cable-stayed 2001  China Fuzhou Motorway
High Coast Bridge (Höga Kusten Bron).jpg 94 Höga Kustenbron 180 metres (590 ft) 1,210 metres (3,970 ft) Suspension 1997  Sweden Kramfors Road
Tsurumi tsubasa bridge from twin tower.jpg 95 Tsurumi Tsubasa Bridge 180 metres (590 ft) 510 metres (1,670 ft) Cable-stayed 1994  Japan Yokohama Road
Caijia Bridge.JPG 96 Caijia Bridge 179.5 metres (589 ft)[10] 250 metres (820 ft) Cable-stayed 2013  China Chongqing Metro Railway
MaanshanBridgeView.jpg 97 Ma'anshan Yangtze River Bridge 179 metres (587 ft) 1,080 metres (3,540 ft) Suspension 2013  China Ma'anshan Expressway
Fuling Wujiang Bridge-1.jpg 98 Fuling Wujiang Bridge 178 metres (584 ft)[10] 340 metres (1,120 ft) Cable-stayed 2009  China Fuling Road
Kochertalbruecke-luftbild.jpg 99 Kocher Viaduct 178 metres (584 ft) 138 metres (453 ft) Concrete 1979  Germany Geislingen, Baden-Württemberg Motorway
Longtanhe Bridge-1.jpg 100 Longtanhe River Viaduct 178 metres (584 ft)[10] 200 metres (660 ft) Concrete 2009  China Langpingzhen Road
Yunyang Yangtze River Bridge.JPG 101 Yunyang Bridge 177 metres (581 ft)[10] 318 metres (1,043 ft) Cable-stayed 2005  China Yunyang Road
Beipanjiang Highway Bridge, Guizhou, China-1.JPG 102 Beipanjiang River 2012 Bridge 176 metres (577 ft)[31] 290 metres (950 ft) Concrete 2012  China Fa’er Bouyei Road
Riyadh Bridge.jpg 103 Wadi Leban Bridge 175.5 metres (576 ft)[32] 405 metres (1,329 ft) Cable-stayed 1997  Saudi Arabia Riyadh Road
CanThoBridge.jpg 104 Cần Thơ Bridge 175.3 metres (575 ft) 550 metres (1,800 ft) Cable-stayed 2010  Vietnam Cần Thơ & Vĩnh Long Motorway
Baishazhou Yangtze River Bridge.JPG 105 Baishazhou Bridge 175 metres (574 ft)[33] 618 metres (2,028 ft) Cable-stayed 2000  China Wuhan Expressway

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The pillars are in Sweden

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ [1] Abelard.org list of Tallest Structures
  2. ^ "official website". Retrieved 5 October 2014. 
  3. ^ "赤石特大桥简介". 中国土木科技网. 2012-12-28. Retrieved 2015-04-22. 
  4. ^ "Yi Sun-Sin Bridge Pylon". Retrieved 14 December 2012. 
  5. ^ [2]
  6. ^ highestbridges.com: Zhongjianhe Bridge
  7. ^ 廖兆洋 刘义 (2014-12-26). "恩施再添出海大通道". 恩施新闻网. Retrieved 2015-01-10. 
  8. ^ "[图文]九江长江公路大桥主塔封顶 跨径818米居世界第六 - 长江公路大桥;九江 - 四川网络广播电视台 - 四川广播电视台". News.sctv.com. Archived from the original on 2015-05-31. Retrieved 2016-02-02. 
  9. ^ http://www.highestbridges.com/wiki/index.php?title=Mezcala_Bridge
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o "World's 7 Tallest Bridge Piers". Retrieved 18 December 2012. 
  11. ^ "The 4th Yangtze River Bridge Completed". Archived from the original on 19 February 2013. Retrieved 27 December 2012. 
  12. ^ "Structural Engineering International: ingentaconnect Table Of Contents". Ingentaconnect.com. 1996-08-01. Retrieved 2016-02-02. 
  13. ^ "Guozigoui Bridge". Archived from the original on 11 January 2012. Retrieved 8 January 2012. 
  14. ^ 铜陵长江公铁大桥建设瞄准中国标杆
  15. ^ "Xianshenhe River Bridge". Retrieved 14 December 2012. 
  16. ^ Bridge Magazine: Wuhan Erqi Yangtze River Bridge Opened to Traffic
  17. ^ "Wujiang Fuling Bridge". Archived from the original on 23 January 2013. Retrieved 14 December 2012. 
  18. ^ http://koti.kontu.la/jvirola/koti/Balinghe/acem-balinghe.pdf
  19. ^ "马岭河大桥". Retrieved 18 December 2012. 
  20. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-03-13. Retrieved 2016-02-20. 
  21. ^ "重庆奉云路梅溪河大桥". Rbsce.com. Retrieved 2016-02-02. 
  22. ^ Puente de Talavera
  23. ^ "Shennongxi Bridge". Archived from the original on 23 January 2013. Retrieved 18 December 2012. 
  24. ^ "Meiko-Chuo Bridge". Retrieved 18 December 2012. 
  25. ^ "Wulingshan Bridge". Retrieved 18 December 2012. 
  26. ^ Jiangshun Bridge - The First Cable-Stayed Bridge in Guangdong - is Successfully Closed Archived March 4, 2016, at the Wayback Machine.
  27. ^ Anqing Bridge at Structurae. Retrieved on 5 September 2012.
  28. ^ "Kao-Ping Hsi Bridge". Retrieved 14 December 2012. 
  29. ^ "Labajin Bridge". Retrieved 18 December 2012. 
  30. ^ "Ponte Rio Negro". Retrieved 14 December 2012. 
  31. ^ "Beipanjiang River 2012 Bridge". Archived from the original on 23 January 2013. Retrieved 18 December 2012. 
  32. ^ "Wadi Leban Bridge". Retrieved 18 December 2012. 
  33. ^ Bruckenbau: Wuhan Baishazhou Bridge

Other references are, as a principle, located in the articles about the bridges.