List of telephone operating companies

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This is a list of the world's largest telecommunications companies measured by total revenues.[1]

Rank Company Total revenue (US$ billion) Country
1 AT&T $163.8 B United States United States
2 Verizon Communications $125.9 B United States United States
3 China Mobile $107.8 B China China
4 Nippon Telegraph & Tel $94.2 B Japan Japan
5 Deutsche Telekom $76.8 B Germany Germany
6 Softbank $74.7 B Japan Japan
7 Vodafone $64.5 B United Kingdom United Kingdom
8 América Móvil $56.3 B Mexico Mexico
9 China Telecom $52.7 B China China
10 Telefónica $52.4 B Spain Spain
11 Orange $44.6 B France France
12 China Unicom $43 B China China
13 KDDI $37.3 B Japan Japan
14 BT Group $27.3 B United Kingdom United Kingdom
15 CenturyLink $24 B United States United States[2]
16 Telecom Italia $21.9 B Italy Italy
17 Telstra $20.2 B Australia Australia
18 Rogers Communications $19.7 B Canada Canada
19 BCE $16.8 B Canada Canada
20 Telenor $15.6 B Norway Norway
21 SK Telecom $15.1 B South Korea South Korea
22 Bharti Airtel $14.7 B India India
23 Etisalat $14.1 B United Arab Emirates United Arab Emirates
24 Saudi Telecom $13.6 B Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia
25 China Communications Services $12.9 B China China
26 SingTel $12.5 B Singapore Singapore
27 Swisscom $12.1 B Switzerland Switzerland
28 Vivendi $11.9 B France France
29 Sistema $11.6 B Russia Russia
30 Telia Company $11.5 B Sweden Sweden
31 MTN Group $11.5 B South Africa South Africa
32 KT Corporation $10.3 B South Korea South Korea
33 VimpelCom $9.8 B Netherlands Netherlands
34 Telus $9.7 B Canada Canada
35 LG Uplus $9.5 B South Korea South Korea
36 Ooredoo $8.8 B Qatar Qatar
37 Oi $8.2 B Brazil Brazil
38 KPN $7.9 B Netherlands Netherlands
39 Telkom Indonesia $7.8 B Indonesia Indonesia
40 Chunghwa Telecom $7.3 B Taiwan Taiwan
41 Optus $6.7 B Australia Australia
42 Millicom $6.7 B Luxembourg Luxembourg
43 Belgacom $6.6 B Belgium Belgium
44 Frontier Communications $5.6 B United States United States
45 Idea Cellular $5.4 B India India
46 Turk Telekom $5.2 B Turkey Turkey
47 MegaFon $5.1 B Russia Russia
48 Turkcell $4.7 B Turkey Turkey
49 Advanced Info Service $4.5 B Thailand Thailand
50 United Internet $4.1 B Germany Germany
51 PLDT $3.8 B Philippines Philippines
52 Zain $3.8 B Kuwait Kuwait
53 Crown Castle International $3.7 B United States United States
54 Taiwan Mobile $3.7 B Taiwan Taiwan
55 Etisalat $3.4 B United Arab Emirates United Arab Emirates
56 Maxis Communications $2.1 B Malaysia Malaysia
57 NII Holdings $1.7 B United States United States
58 SBA Communications $1.6 B United States United States

List of fixed and mobile operators by country[edit]

This list identifies the Fixed Line operators and the Mobile operators for the top 200 most populated countries in the world.

The list of countries and their populations are from List of countries by population The CIA World Factbook is cited as the standard reference for the number of main lines for each of the listed countries.[3]

List of countries by number of broadband Internet subscriptions is cited as the standard reference for the number of fixed broadband subscribers for each of the listed countries. The country naming convention follows the ISO 3166-1 standard as published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO).

Countries by alphabetical order[edit]

A[edit]

B[edit]

C[edit]

D[edit]

E[edit]

F[edit]

G[edit]

H[edit]

I[edit]

J[edit]

K[edit]

L[edit]

M[edit]

N[edit]

O[edit]

P[edit]

Q[edit]

R[edit]

S[edit]

T[edit]

U[edit]

V[edit]

Y[edit]

Z[edit]

Smaller countries (not included in this list)[edit]

The following countries are not included in this list. These countries have populations less than 100,000 or less than 10,000 main lines, according to the latest population estimates.

Afghanistan[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

Albania[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

Algeria[edit]

Fixed operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

Mobile Satellite operators[edit]

Angola[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

Argentina[edit]

Armenia[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

Aruba (Netherlands)[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

Australia[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

Austria[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

Azerbaijan[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

Bahamas[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

Bahrain[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

WiMAX operators[edit]

Bangladesh[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

WiMAX operators[edit]

Barbados[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

Belarus[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

Belgium[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Cable operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

Belize[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

Benin[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

Bhutan[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

Bolivia[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

Bosnia and Herzegovina[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

Botswana[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

Brazil[edit]

Brunei[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

Bulgaria[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

Burkina Faso[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

Burundi[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

Cambodia[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

Cameroon[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

Canada[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

Chad[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

Chile[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Cable operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

China[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

Colombia[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

Comoros[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Democratic Republic of the Congo[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

Republic of the Congo[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

Costa Rica[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

Croatia[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

Curaçao (Netherlands)[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

Cuba[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

Cyprus[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

  • CYTA
  • CABLENET
  • CALLSAT
  • Primetel PLC

Mobile operators[edit]

Czech Republic[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

Other operators[edit]

Denmark[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

Internet Providers[edit]

Djibouti[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Djibouti Telecom

Mobile operators[edit]

Dominican Republic[edit]

Fixed operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

Ecuador[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

Egypt[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Mobile Operators[edit]

El Salvador[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

Equatorial Guinea[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

Eritrea[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

  • Telesonra

Mobile operators[edit]

Estonia[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

Ethiopia[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

Fiji[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

Finland[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

France[edit]

French Guyana[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

French Polynesia[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

Gabon[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

Gambia[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

Georgia[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

Germany[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Major operators

Mobile operators[edit]

Major operators

Ghana[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

Greece[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

MVNO operators[edit]

WiMAX operators[edit]

Grenada[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

Guadeloupe[edit]

This country had 0.159 million main lines in use in 1995

Fixed line operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

Guam (United States)[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

Guatemala[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

Guinea[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

  • Sotelgui

Mobile operators[edit]

Guyana[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

Haiti[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

  • Natcom S.A (formerly Teleco S.A)

Mobile operators[edit]

Honduras[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

Hong Kong[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

Hungary[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

Iceland[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

India[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

Defunct operators[edit]

February 15, 2017)

  • MTS India ( mergered into Rcom ( reliance communication) in Oct 2017 and also shutdown its CDMA and EVDO network in all circle.

Mobile operators 3G[edit]

MTNL was the first operator to roll out 3G services. Later BSNL, another state-owned telecom operator, also started 3G services. MTNL has wide 3G coverage over two metros, Delhi and Mumbai. BSNL has 3G coverage in all circles except Mumbai and Delhi. Currently BSNL has 3G coverage in more than 800 cities of India, and offers free roaming in Delhi and Mumbai using MTNL's network.

India completed a 3G airwave( GSM) auction for private operators and allocated 3G airwaves in September 2010 to the winners. Aircel, Airtel, Idea Cellular, Reliance (GSM), S Tel, Tata Teleservices (Tata Docomo) and Vodafone won licenses for 3G services. No operator won a pan-India 3G license.

Tata Docomo rolled out 3G services in November 2010, becoming the first private operator to roll out 3G services. Reliance Communications also rolled out 3G services in December 2010 in Delhi, Kolkata, Mumbai and Chandigarh. In Q1 of 2011 Airtel, Aircel, Idea and Vodafone rolled out their 3G services in India. S Tel did not roll out 3G services to date.[citation needed]

  • Aircel
  • Airtel
  • BSNL
  • Idea Cellular
  • MTNL
  • Reliance Communications
  • Tata Docomo
  • Vodafone

WiMax operators[edit]

LTE Operators[edit]

It was expected that Infotel Broadband (majority owned by Reliance Industries) and other BWA (Broadband Wireless Access) spectrum winners will roll out LTE services in India in Q1 of 2013. However Airtel had become the first Indian operator to launch commercial LTE services in the country, starting from Kolkata. Later others launched their 4G services in the country.[citation needed]

Indonesia[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

Iran[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

Wimax operators[edit]

Iraq[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

Ireland[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

Israel[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

see also the Palestinian Territories

Italy[edit]

Ivory Coast[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

Jamaica[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Wireless broadband operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

Japan[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

Jersey (UK)[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

  • Jersey Telecom

Mobile operators[edit]

Jordan[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

Kazakhstan[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

Kenya[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

North Korea[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

South Korea[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

WiMAX operators[edit]

Kuwait[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

  • Ministry of Communications - Kuwait (MOCK)

Mobile operators[edit]

Kyrgyzstan[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

  • Kyrgyztelecom

Mobile operators[edit]

Laos[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

Latvia[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

  • Bite (TDC)
  • LMT
  • Tele2
  • Triatel (Telekom Baltija)

Lebanon[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

Lesotho[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

Libya[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

Lithuania[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

Luxembourg[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

Macau (China)[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

  • Companhia de Telecomunicações de Macau S.A.R.L. (CTM)

Mobile operators[edit]

Macedonia[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

Madagascar[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

Malawi[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

Malaysia[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

WiMAX operators[edit]

Maldives[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

Mali[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

Malta[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

MVNO operators[edit]

Martinique[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

Mauritania[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

Mauritius[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

Mayotte (France)[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

Mexico[edit]

Moldova[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

Mongolia[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

Montenegro[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

Morocco[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

  • INWI
  • Maroc Telecom (Government of Morocco and Etisalat)
  • Méditel (Finance com and Orange SA)

Mobile operators[edit]

Mozambique[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

  • Telecommunicacoes De Mozambique (TDM)

Mobile network operators[edit]

Myanmar[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Mobile network operators[edit]

  • MPT (GSM/WCDMA/CDMA)
  • Ooredoo Myanmar (Ooredoo) (WCDMA)
  • Telenor Myanmar (Telenor) (GSM/WCDMA)

Namibia[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

  • Telecom Namibia

Mobile operators[edit]

  • MTC Namibia

Nepal[edit]

Nepal is the first country to provide 3G general service in South Asia, followed by Sri Lanka, via Nepal Telecom. 3G service is available throughout the country, including Everest Base Camp. 4G LTE WIMAX service has been recently provided at minimum cost at spots in major cities including government offices, public places, malls, shopping centres, hospitals, restaurant, and public parks. It is also freely available in places of religious worship.[6] Climbers of Mount Everest can use video call and other 3G services at the top of the mountain at no cost. LTE services have been installed in many base camps.

Fixed line operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

Netherlands[edit]

New Caledonia[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

New Zealand[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

National network owners

Regulated UFB fibre companies (Crown Fibre Holdings suppliers)

Resellers

Mobile operators[edit]

MVNO operators[edit]

  • Black & White - via Vodafone
  • CallPlus
  • Compass
  • Digital Island
  • M2 (MVNA/E COMPANIES)
  • Skinny - via Spark New Zealand (formerly Telecom XT)
  • Slingshot
  • Columbia
  • All Blacks

Nicaragua[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

Niger[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

Nigeria[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

Norway[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

Oman[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

Pakistan[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

Wireless Local Loop Operators[edit]

Palestinian Territories[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

Panama[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

Papua New Guinea[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

Paraguay[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

Peru[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

Philippines[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

Poland[edit]

Portugal[edit]

Puerto Rico[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

Qatar[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

Réunion (France)[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

Romania[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

Russia[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

Rwanda[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

Saint Kitts and Nevis[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

Saint Lucia[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

  • Cable&Wireless/LIME
  • Karib Cable

Mobile operators[edit]

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

Samoa[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

São Tomé[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

Saudi Arabia[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

Senegal[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

  • Expresso - Senegal (CDMA)
  • Orange (GSM)
  • Tigo (GSM)

Serbia[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

Sierra Leone[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

Singapore[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

Slovakia[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

Slovenia[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

Solomon Islands[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Solomon Telekom Co Ltd (Our Telecom)

Mobile operators[edit]

Bemobile/Vodafone and Our Telekom[8]

Somalia[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Hormuud Telecom

Mobile operators[edit]

Golis Telecom Somalia

South Africa[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

Spain[edit]

Sri Lanka[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

Public Pay Phone operators[edit]

*Dialog Broadband Networks, Lanka Bell, Sri Lanka Telecom are entitled to provide Pay phone services according to their licences.

Sudan[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

  • Thabit (Sudatel)
  • Canar (Etisalat)

Mobile operators[edit]

Suriname[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

Sweden[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

MNVO operators[edit]

Other operators[edit]

VoIP operators[edit]

Switzerland[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

Swaziland[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Swaziland Post and Telecommunication Corporation (SPTC)

Mobile operators[edit]

Swazi MTN

Swazi Mobile

Syria[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

Taiwan[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

Tajikistan[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

  • Tajiktelecom[9]

Mobile operators[edit]

Tanzania[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

Thailand[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

Togo[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

Tonga[edit]

The country had 0.030 million main lines in use in 2012.[10]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

Trinidad and Tobago[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

Tunisia[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

Turkey[edit]

Turkmenistan[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

Uganda[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

Ukraine[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

VoIP operators[edit]

United Arab Emirates[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

United Kingdom[edit]

United States[edit]

Fixed line operators (over $10 Billion annual revenues)[edit]

Fixed line operators ($1 to $10 Billion annual revenues)[edit]

Fixed line operators ($100 Million to $1 Billion annual revenues)[edit]

Fixed line operators (less than $100 Million annual revenues)[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

Mobile operators iDEN[edit]

United States Virgin Islands[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

Uruguay[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

Uzbekistan[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

Venezuela[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

Vietnam[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

Yemen[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

Zambia[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

Zimbabwe[edit]

Fixed line operators[edit]

Mobile operators[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The World's Biggest Public Companies". Forbes. Retrieved 2 June 2016. 
  2. ^ http://news.centurylink.com/2017-11-01-CenturyLink-completes-acquisition-of-Level-3
  3. ^ CIA, . "Country Comparison: Telephones - Main Lines In Use". Central Intelligence Agency (CIA). Retrieved 18 November 2014. 
  4. ^ "Mobinnet | شرکت ارتباطات مبین نت". Mobinnet.ir (in Persian). 2014-07-07. Retrieved 2016-01-06. 
  5. ^ [1] Archived March 4, 2013, at the Wayback Machine.
  6. ^ "Nepal Telecom (NTC) launches WiFi hotspots thru out the country, free public access for the first 3 months". TechSansar.com. 2014. Retrieved 1 March 2015. 
  7. ^ "eLife Connect". Mobily.com.sa. Retrieved 2016-01-06. 
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  10. ^ IMC, . (2013). "Tonga Telephones -Main Lines In Use At 31 December 2012". IndexMundi.Com (IMC). Retrieved 19 November 2014. 
  11. ^ "Uganda: Africell Completes Acquisition of Orange Uganda, Reaches 11 Million Active Subscribers". PR Newswire (New York). 17 November 2014. Retrieved 18 November 2014. 
  12. ^ Sanya, Samuel (18 November 2014). "Vodafone Launches In Uganda". New Vision (Kampala). Retrieved 19 November 2014. 
  13. ^ Muhumuza, Mark Keith (10 February 2015). "Vodafone Is In Uganda To Stay, Says Company CEO". Daily Monitor (Kampala). Retrieved 10 February 2015. 
  14. ^ CenturyLink (2016-10-31). "CenturyLink to acquire Level 3 Communications | CenturyLink". News.centurylink.com. Retrieved 2017-03-31. 
  15. ^ "Presentation to Investors" (PDF). Servies.corporate-ir.net. Retrieved 2017-03-31. 
  16. ^ "FCC OKs $1.8 Billion Verizon-XO Network Business Deal". Channelpartnersonline.com. Retrieved 2017-03-31. 
  17. ^ "ALTICE COMPLETES ACQUISITION OF CABLEVISION SYSTEMS CORPORATION" (PDF). Alticeusa.com. Retrieved 2017-03-31. 
  18. ^ "About Us: Ethernet Services & Solutions Provider - Lightpath". Golightpath.com. Retrieved 2017-03-31. 
  19. ^ Farrell, Mike (2015-12-21). "Altice Closes Suddenlink Deal". Multichannel. Retrieved 2017-03-31. 
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  21. ^ http://www.fiercetelecom.com/telecom/crown-castle-gets-crown-jewel-lightower-for-7-1b
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  24. ^ "TDS Reports Third Quarter 2014 Results". TdsInc.Com. 31 October 2014. Retrieved 19 November 2014. 
  25. ^ "February 27, 2017 Windstream completes merger with EarthLink". News.windstream.com. Retrieved 2017-03-31. 
  26. ^ Ojinmah, Helga (21 April 2014). "Birch Communications To Acquire Cbeyond". © 2012-2014 Birch Communications, Inc. Retrieved 19 November 2014. 
  27. ^ "GTT Reports Fourth Quarter and Full Year 2015 Financial Results". Gtt.net. Retrieved 2017-03-31. 
  28. ^ Integra Telecom, . (18 March 2014). "Q4 And Annual 2013 Financial Supplement" (PDF). IntegraTelecom.Com. Retrieved 19 November 2014. 
  29. ^ Lumos, . (May 2014). "Lumos Netorks: Company Presentation" (PDF). Lumos Networks. Retrieved 19 November 2014. 
  30. ^ Megapath, . "MegaPath Company Overview" (PDF). MegaPath.Com. Retrieved 19 November 2014. 
  31. ^ http://uniti.com/about/uniti
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  33. ^ http://www.firstlight.net

Electronic communications - 2nd quarter 2014