WCBD-TV is a dual NBC/CW+-affiliated television station licensed to Charleston, South Carolina, United States and serving the Lowcountry area. It broadcasts a high definition digital signal on UHF channel 50 from a transmitter in Awendaw, South Carolina. Owned by the Nexstar Media Group, WCBD has studios on West Coleman Boulevard in Mount Pleasant; the station is carried on cable channel 3 in most parts of the market. The station signed on the air as WUSN-TV on September 25, 1954; the station was owned by Drayton Hastie. It aired an analog signal on VHF channel 2 and was an NBC affiliate with a secondary ABC affiliation. Hastie sold the station to Reeves Telecom in 1960, it shared ABC programming with WCSC-TV until 1962, when WCIV took the NBC affiliation. WUSN became a full-time ABC affiliate. During the late-1950s, it was briefly affiliated with the NTA Film Network. In 1971, Reeves sold Channel 2 to State Telecasting Company. On November 8, 1971, the station adopted its current call letters, WCBD standing for Charleston and Dorchester counties.
Former owner Media General bought the station from State Telecasting in 1983. It remained the market's ABC affiliate until August 19, 1996, when it swapped affiliations with WCIV and became an NBC affiliate once again; this was a result of an affiliation deal between ABC and WCIV's owner at the time, Allbritton Communications. On January 27, 2016, Media General announced that it had entered into a definite agreement to be acquired by Nexstar Broadcasting Group for $4.6 billion. The combined company will be called own 171 stations; the deal was completed on January 17, 2017. WCBD-DT2 is the CW-affiliated second digital subchannel of WCBD-TV, broadcasting in 720p high definition on UHF channel 50.2. WCBD-DT2 is branded on-air as Lowcountry CW 14 based on its standard definition cable channel position on the main local provider, Comcast Xfinity, along with DirecTV; the subchannel is carried on WOW! Channel 12 and Dish Network channel 50. WCBD launched their second digital subchannel on September 18, 2006 to be Charleston's affiliate of The CW, made up of the newly-merged UPN and WB networks.
It took the channel 14 slot held by its cable-only WB predecessor, which dissolved all operations with the launch of WCBD-DT2. The previous history of The WB in Charleston saw that network being carried on cable through "WBLN", an affiliate of The WB's smaller-market The WB 100+ Station Group and run by Coastal Media & Broadcasting and Cox Communications from September 21, 1998 until the network's end in September 2006, was located on channel 14 on most cable systems. Before WBLN's launch, the network originated on both WGN's national feed and WCTP in January 1995, which changed their calls to WBNU to fit their new affiliation. In January 1997, WBNU signed an affiliation agreement with UPN and changed their calls to WMMP after a change in ownership, staying with that network until September 2006 when they affiliated with MyNetworkTV. In 2013, WCBD-DT2 began broadcasting in 720p high definition, in line with The CW's request for its subchannel-only affiliates to carry the network in HD wherever technically possible.
The station's digital signal is multiplexed: WCBD-TV shut down its analog signal, over VHF channel 2, on June 12, 2009, as part of the federally mandated transition from analog to digital television. The station's digital signal remained on its pre-transition UHF channel 50, using PSIP to display WCBD-TV's virtual channel as 2 on digital television receivers. Syndicated programming on WCBD includes Jeopardy!, Wheel of Fortune, The Doctors, The Wendy Williams Show. Though most of WCBD-DT2's schedule is taken up by the default CW Plus schedule, Sunday mornings feature the locally originated outdoors programs Santee Cooper Sportsman with Kevin Davis and SC Outdoors, along with local church services. WCBD spent most of the 1970s and 1980s in last place until Media General bought the station in 1983. Since it has been a solid runner-up to longtime leader WCSC. WCBD offers more than 30 hours of news per week; each newscasts focus on WCBD's signature elements that have become a staple in the Lowcountry: "Storm Team 2," "CrimeTracker," "Count on 2 Medical Report," "Count on 2 School Report," "Count on 2 Sports," "Drive Time Traffic" and "Reality Check."
WCBD airs a newscast Saturday nights at 7 but, unlike WCSC and WCIV, does not offer a broadcast at the same time on weeknights. The first HD telecast was on July 29, 2012, making it the last Lowcountry station to go HD. WCBD started a weekend morning newscast that airs on Saturday and Sunday at 9:00 a.m. In addition to its main studios, WCBD operates a bureau located on Assembly Street/SC 48 covering the Capitol in Columbia, an operation shared by its sister Nexstar stations in and around the state. WCBD-DT2 has one original newscast produced by WCBD: WCBD News 2 at 10pm on The CW on weeknights, it carried a repeat of the 6 p.m. edition. Rob Fowler - chief meteorologist Amy Robach - now at ABC News Jon Robinson - 2004–2006 Billie and Gordon Hamrick - 1955-1965 Berkeley County Charleston County Colleton County Dorchester County Georgetown County Orangeburg County Williamsburg CountySometimes WCBD will cover the following counties. (EX: Severe storm coverage, or breaking news from one of the following cou
Columbia, South Carolina
Columbia is the capital and second largest city of the U. S. state of South Carolina, with a population estimate of 134,309 as of 2016. The city serves as the county seat of Richland County, a portion of the city extends into neighboring Lexington County, it is the center of the Columbia metropolitan statistical area, which had a population of 767,598 as of the 2010 United States Census, growing to 817,488 by July 1, 2016, according to 2015 U. S. Census estimates; the name Columbia is a poetic term used for the United States, originating from the name of Christopher Columbus. The city is located 13 miles northwest of the geographic center of South Carolina, is the primary city of the Midlands region of the state, it lies at the confluence of the Saluda River and the Broad River, which merge at Columbia to form the Congaree River. Columbia is home to the University of South Carolina, the state's flagship university and the largest in the state, is the site of Fort Jackson, the largest United States Army installation for Basic Combat Training.
Columbia is located 20 miles west of the site of McEntire Joint National Guard Base, operated by the U. S. Air Force and is used as a training base for the 169th Fighter Wing of The South Carolina Air National Guard. Columbia is the location of the South Carolina State House, the center of government for the state. In 1860, the city was the location of the South Carolina Secession Convention, which marked the departure of the first state from the Union in the events leading up to the Civil War. At the time of European encounter, the inhabitants of the area that became Columbia were a people called the Congaree. In May 1540, a Spanish expedition led by Hernando de Soto traversed what is now Columbia while moving northward; the expedition produced the earliest written historical records of the area, part of the regional Cofitachequi chiefdom. From the creation of Columbia by the South Carolina General Assembly in 1786, the site of Columbia was important to the overall development of the state; the Congarees, a frontier fort on the west bank of the Congaree River, was the head of navigation in the Santee River system.
A ferry was established by the colonial government in 1754 to connect the fort with the growing settlements on the higher ground on the east bank. Like many other significant early settlements in colonial America, Columbia is on the fall line from the Piedmont region; the fall line is the spot where a river becomes unnavigable when sailing upstream and where water flowing downstream can power a mill. State Senator John Lewis Gervais of the town of Ninety Six introduced a bill, approved by the legislature on March 22, 1786, to create a new state capital. There was considerable argument over the name for the new city. According to published accounts, Senator Gervais said he hoped that "in this town we should find refuge under the wings of COLUMBIA", for, the name which he wished it to be called. One legislator insisted on the name "Washington", but "Columbia" won by a vote of 11–7 in the state senate; the site was chosen as the new state capital in 1786, due to its central location in the state.
The State Legislature first met there in 1790. After remaining under the direct government of the legislature for the first two decades of its existence, Columbia was incorporated as a village in 1805 and as a city in 1854. Columbia received a large stimulus to development when it was connected in a direct water route to Charleston by the Santee Canal; this canal connected the Cooper rivers in a 22-mile-long section. It was first chartered in 1786 and completed in 1800, making it one of the earliest canals in the United States. With increased railroad traffic, it ceased operation around 1850; the commissioners designed a town of 400 blocks in a 2-mile square along the river. The blocks were sold to speculators and prospective residents. Buyers had to build a house at least 30 feet long and 18 feet wide within three years or face an annual 5% penalty; the perimeter streets and two through streets were 150 feet wide. The remaining squares were divided by thoroughfares 100 feet wide; the commissioners comprised the local government until 1797 when a Commission of Streets and Markets was created by the General Assembly.
Three main issues occupied most of their time: public drunkenness and poor sanitation. As one of the first planned cities in the United States, Columbia began to grow rapidly, its population was nearing 1,000 shortly after the start of the 19th century. In 1801, South Carolina College was founded in Columbia; the original building survives. The city was chosen as the site of the institution in part to unite the citizens of the Upcountry and the Lowcountry and to discourage the youth from migrating to England for their higher education. At the time, South Carolina sent more young men to England; the leaders of South Carolina wished to monitor the development of the school. Columbia received its first charter as a town in 1805. An intendant and six wardens would govern the town. John Taylor, the first elected intendant served in both houses of the General Assembly, both houses of Congress, as governor. By 1816, there were a population of more than one thousand. Columbia became chartered with an elected mayor and six aldermen.
Two years Columbia had a police force consisting of a full-time chief and nine patrolmen. The city continued to grow at a rapid
Justice, in its broadest context, includes both the attainment of that, just and the philosophical discussion of that, just. The concept of justice is based on numerous fields, many differing viewpoints and perspectives including the concepts of moral correctness based on ethics, law, religion and fairness; the general discussion of justice is divided into the realm of social justice as found in philosophy and religion, procedural justice as found in the study and application of the law. The concept of justice differs in every culture. Early theories of justice were set out by the Ancient Greek philosophers Plato in his work The Republic, Aristotle in his Nicomachean Ethics. Throughout history various theories have been established. Advocates of divine command theory argue that justice issues from God. In the 1600s, theorists like John Locke argued for the theory of natural law. Thinkers in the social contract tradition argued that justice is derived from the mutual agreement of everyone concerned.
In the 1800s, utilitarian thinkers including John Stuart Mill argued that justice is what has the best consequences. Theories of distributive justice concern what is distributed, between whom they are to be distributed, what is the proper distribution. Egalitarians argued. John Rawls used a social contract argument to show that justice, distributive justice, is a form of fairness. Property rights theorists take a consequentialist view of distributive justice and argue that property rights-based justice maximizes the overall wealth of an economic system. Theories of retributive justice are concerned with punishment for wrongdoing. Restorative justice is an approach to justice that focuses on the needs of offenders. In his dialogue Republic, Plato uses Socrates to argue for justice that covers both the just person and the just City State. Justice is a harmonious relationship between the warring parts of the person or city. Hence, Plato's definition of justice is. A just man is a man in just the right place, doing his best and giving the precise equivalent of what he has received.
This applies both at the universal level. A person's soul has three parts – reason and desire. A city has three parts – Socrates uses the parable of the chariot to illustrate his point: a chariot works as a whole because the two horses' power is directed by the charioteer. Lovers of wisdom – philosophers, in one sense of the term – should rule because only they understand what is good. If one is ill, one goes to a medic rather than a farmer, because the medic is expert in the subject of health. One should trust one's city to an expert in the subject of the good, not to a mere politician who tries to gain power by giving people what they want, rather than what's good for them. Socrates uses the parable of the ship to illustrate this point: the unjust city is like a ship in open ocean, crewed by a powerful but drunken captain, a group of untrustworthy advisors who try to manipulate the captain into giving them power over the ship's course, a navigator, the only one who knows how to get the ship to port.
For Socrates, the only way the ship will reach its destination – the good – is if the navigator takes charge. Advocates of divine command theory argue that justice, indeed the whole of morality, is the authoritative command of God. Murder must be punished, for instance, because God says it so; some versions of the theory assert that God must be obeyed because of the nature of his relationship with humanity, others assert that God must be obeyed because he is goodness itself, thus doing what he says would be best for everyone. A meditation on the Divine command theory by Plato can be found in Euthyphro. Called the Euthyphro dilemma, it goes as follows: "Is what is morally good commanded by God because it is morally good, or is it morally good because it is commanded by God?" The implication is that if the latter is true justice is arbitrary. A response, popularized in two contexts by Immanuel Kant and C. S. Lewis, is that it is deductively valid to argue that the existence of an objective morality implies the existence of God and vice versa.
For advocates of the theory that justice is part of natural law, it involves the system of consequences that derives from any action or choice. In this, it is similar to the laws of physics: in the same way as the Third of Newton's laws of Motion requires that for every action there must be an equal and opposite reaction, justice requires according individuals or groups what they deserve, merit, or are entitled to. Justice, on this account, is a universal and absolute concept: laws, religions, etc. are attempts to codify that concept, sometimes with results that contradict the true nature of justice. In Republic by Plato, the character Thrasymachus argues that justice is the interest of the strong – a name for what the powerful or cunning ruler has imposed on the people. Advocates of the social contract agree that justice is derived from the mutual agreement of everyone concerned; this account is considered further below, under'Justice as fairness'. The absence of bias refers to an equal ground for all people
South Carolina Educational Television
South Carolina Educational Television is a state network of non-commercial educational television stations serving the U. S. state of South Carolina. It is operated by the South Carolina Educational Television Commission, an agency of the state government which holds the licenses for all of the Public Broadcasting Service member stations licensed in the state; the broadcast signals of the eleven television stations cover all of the state, as well as parts of North Carolina and Georgia. The network's primary operations are located on George Rogers Boulevard in Columbia, across from Williams-Brice Stadium; the state network began in 1957, after the South Carolina General Assembly authorized a study in the use of instructional television in the state's public schools. A studio was opened in the library of Dreher High School in Columbia; the first telecourses aired on September 1958 via closed circuit television. By action of the South Carolina General Assembly, The South Carolina ETV Commission was created as a state agency and began operations on July 1, 1960, by 1962 it extended closed-circuit, classroom television service to all 46 South Carolina counties.
In 1963, the Commission launched the first open-circuit educational station in South Carolina, WNTV in Greenville. One year WITV in Charleston signed on. Two years WRLK-TV in Columbia, made its debut; the network grew to eleven television transmitters covering all of the state. After years of receiving NET and PBS programs on tape delay, it entered PBS' satellite network in 1978. In 2000, SCETV broadcast the first digital television program in the state. Since 2003, the state network identifies on-air as "ETV." The Commission entered public radio in 1972. The state radio network expanded to eight stations and was called the South Carolina Educational Radio Network until 2003, when it was renamed ETV Radio. While "ETV" refers to television, SCETV viewed "ETV" as a general brand name for both its radio and television properties. In 2015, the radio network rebranded as South Carolina Public Radio. R. Lynn Kalmbach was selected as the network's project director in 1958 and led it until his death in 1965.
Henry J. Cauthen became president and general manager of the South Carolina Educational Television Network and served in numerous leadership roles developing American public broadcasting, including chair of The Corporation for Public Broadcasting. Mr. Cauthen retired in 1997. Paul Amos took the helm as ETV's third president in 1998 until his death in 2000. Maurice "Moss" Bresnahan joined ETV as president and CEO from 2001 to 2008. David Crouch served as interim president in 2009. Linda O'Bryon served as president from 2010 to 2017. Anthony Padgett is the current president and CEO. SCETV and SC Public Radio have posted a more detailed history. Despite the DTV Delay Act national transition extension to June 12, 2009, SCETV discontinued the analog signals of its 11 full-power stations February 18, 2009; each station's post-transition digital allocations and the FCC Repack Plan are as follows: On April 13, 2017, the FCC identified SCETV will be compensated $43.2 million to have WRET-TV go off-the-air as part of the Spectrum auction.
WRET will relinquish RF 43 and go into a channel sharing arrangement with WNTV, starting on January 23, 2018. On August 30, 2017, PBS Kids was added on online. On October 31, 2017, SCETV submitted an application to change the digital terrestrial signal of WITV from channel 7 to channel 24. There are nine members of the ETV Commission. Eight are appointed by the Governor for six-year terms—one from each Congressional District and one from the State at-large who serves as Chairman; the ninth member is the State Superintendent of Education, ex-officio. The current Commission consists of: At-large Chair, Greenville. SCETV's television network consists of 11 digital transmitters that cover all of South Carolina, as well as eastern portions of Georgia and southern portions of North Carolina. SCETV's headquarters and main production facility is located in Columbia, with production facilities in Rock Hill and Sumter. SCETV planned to make all eleven of its television stations capable of airing local programming.
Four full-fledged stations were built and staffed in Beaufort, Rock Hill and Sumter before the idea was abandoned in the early 1980s. After a massive reduction in force in 2004, the stations were downgraded to production facilities. In 2012, WJWJ-TV in Beaufort was converted into a repeater of the network; the original plan was for each station to carry callsigns of the form WxTV, but after WNTV and WITV signed on it was determined that there were not enough such callsigns available. Beginning with the third station, WRLK-TV in Columbia, most of the remaining callsigns represent prominent officials
Mount Pleasant, South Carolina
Mount Pleasant is a large suburban town in Charleston County, South Carolina, United States. It is the fourth largest municipality and largest town in South Carolina, for several years was one of the state's fastest-growing areas, doubling in population between 1990 and 2000; the population was 67,843 at the 2010 census. The estimated population in 2014 was 77,796. At the foot of the Arthur Ravenel Bridge is Patriots Point, a naval and maritime museum, home to the World War II aircraft carrier USS Yorktown, now a museum ship; the Ravenel Bridge, an eight-lane highway, completed in 2005, spans the Cooper River and links Mount Pleasant with the city of Charleston. The site of Mount Pleasant was occupied by the Sewee people, an Algonquian language-speaking tribe; the first white settlers arrived from England on July 6, 1680, under the leadership of Captain Florentia O'Sullivan. Captain O'Sullivan had been granted 2,340 acres, which included not only the island that bears his name, but the land, to become Mount Pleasant.
On the earliest map of the time this area was called "North Point". In 1696, 51 new settlers arrived; each family was allotted several hundred acres in the area that became known as Christ Church parish. In 1706 the Province of Carolina withstood several attacks by the Spanish and the French from their settlements to the south and were victorious in defeating French invaders in an area known as "Abcaw"; the area of "Abcaw" was Hobcaw Plantation, located between the Wando River. It was known as Shipyard Plantation, its deep water and abundance of good timber made it ideal for the development of a prosperous shipbuilding enterprise. Lands adjacent to Hobcaw Point were owned at different times by several different families, many of which maintained ferries which served Mount Pleasant. By 1721, 107 families were living including 400 whites and 637 slaves; as the area was developed for plantations, enslaved Africans and African Americans made up the chief labor force of the slave society. They and the following freedmen comprised a majority of the population through the 19th and early 20th centuries.
In 1754, Charles Pinckney acquired a 715-acre plantation, cultivating the commodity crops of rice and indigo. It became known as Snee Farm near here, his son Charles retained the plantation until 1817. It was operated as a plantation through the 19th century. On September 24, 1860, a public meeting was held in Mount Pleasant; the secession convention met in Charleston on December 20, 1860. With the advent of the Civil War, Battery Guerry and an adjacent floating battery between Mount Pleasant and Sullivan's Island were instrumental in defense of the city, they were bases for attacks on Fort Sumter. The city was defended by a line of fortifications from Elliot's Creek at Boone Hall to Copahee Sound. Mount Pleasant was the secret training ground for the nine-man crew of the Confederate submarine H. L. Hunley, H. L. Hunley; this small vessel was launched from Breach Inlet in 1864 to sink the USS Housatonic. The original plank-and-barrel footbridge known as the Pitt Street Bridge at the foot of the Old Village area in Mount Pleasant, was used by the crew of the H.
L. Hunley to cross to Breach Inlet to test the submarine. In 1899 the original wooden plank bridge was replaced by a trolley bridge. A generation in 1929 a steel drawbridge was built for vehicle access between Sullivan's Island and Mount Pleasant; the Pitt Street bridge was dismantled in 1945, but the remains can still be seen in the Intracostal Waterway. The area has been maintained since as the Pickett Bridge Recreation Area, it was named for Charleston doctor Otis Pickett. The "Old Village" is Mount Pleasant's oldest neighborhood. In the early 21st century, the Old Village is centered on the Pitt Street Shops at the northwestern end of the street. Among them is the Pitt Street Pharmacy, featured on the Food Network, it has operated at this location for more than 60 years. As a result of emancipation after the Civil War, the numerous slaves were freed. Continuing their numerical dominance of the population, in 1875 African Americans made up 73% of the population in Charleston County; some of the freedmen developed Scanlonville, one of the first African-American communities to be formed after the Civil War in the Charleston area.
It continues today as a neighborhood within Mount Pleasant. Robert Scanlon, a freedman carpenter, purchased the 614-acre property known as Remley's Plantation, bordering Charleston harbor along the Wando River in Mount Pleasant. Scanlon was the president and founder of the Charleston Land Company, formed by 100 poor local freedmen who pooled their resources and paid $10 per share, in order to purchase large tracts of land in the area; the Charleston Land Company divided this tract into smaller lots so that freedmen could have their own land. Remley's Plantation was divided into farm lots and city lots to form the community of Scanlonville; the Charleston Land Company and Scanlonville are one of four known cooperative real estate development ventures among African-American freedmen after the Civil War. West of Scanlonville is Riverside, during the Jim Crow years of the 20th century known as the largest and oldest of five "black beaches" in Charleston County, it was established. Riverside opened in 1930 and featured a dance pavilion, athletics field, playground, a boardwalk along the Wando River.
Riverside Pavilion was
Sumter, South Carolina
Sumter is a city in and the county seat of Sumter County, South Carolina, United States. Known as the Sumter Metropolitan Statistical Area, the namesake county adjoins Clarendon and Lee to form the core of Sumter-Lee-Clarendon tricounty area of South Carolina that includes the three counties in the east central Piedmont; the population was 39,643 at the 2000 census, it rose to 40,524 at the 2010 census. Incorporated as Sumterville in 1845, the city's name was shortened to Sumter in 1855, it has prospered from its early beginnings as a plantation settlement. The city and county of Sumter bear the name of General Thomas Sumter, the "Fighting Gamecock" of the American Revolutionary War. During the Civil War, the town was an important supply and railroad repair center for the Confederacy. After the war, Sumter grew and prospered, using its large railroad network to supply cotton, by the start of the 20th century, tobacco to the region. During the 20th century, Sumter grew into a major industrial center.
Starting with the opening of Shaw Air Force Base in 1941, industry grew after World War II. Sumter became known for textiles, biotech industries, a thriving retail environment, medical center of its region in addition to agricultural products, which makes it a hub for business in the east-central portion of South Carolina; the J. Clinton Brogdon House, Carnegie Public Library, Heriot-Moise House, Charles T. Mason House, Myrtle Moor, O'Donnell House, Rip Raps Plantation, Salem Black River Presbyterian Church, Henry Lee Scarborough House, Stateburg Historic District, Sumter County Courthouse, Sumter Historic District, Sumter Town Hall-Opera House, Temple Sinai, Elizabeth White House, Lincoln High School, Singleton's Graveyard are listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Known as the Gamecock City, Sumter lies near the geographic center of the state of South Carolina at 33°55′37″N 80°21′49″W. Sumter is 100 miles west of Myrtle Beach's Grand Strand and 175 miles east of the Blue Ridge Mountains.
Columbia, the state capital, lies about 45 miles to the west, Charleston is around 100 miles to the south. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 26.8 square miles, of which 26.6 square miles are land and 0.2 square mile is covered by water. As of the census of 2010, 40,541 people, 16,232 households, 10,049 families resided in the city; the population density was 575.6/km². The 16,032 housing units averaged 232.8/km². The racial makeup of the city was 47.07% Caucasian, 47.03% Black, 0.23% Native American]], 1.27% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 1.12% from other races, 1.41% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 2.37% of the population. Of the 14,564 households,h 35.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.0% were married couples living together, 19.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.0% were not families. About 27.3% of all households were made up of individuals, 11.7% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 3.14. In the city, the population was distributed as 27.8% under the age of 18, 12.5% from 18 to 24, 28.2% from 25 to 44, 17.9% from 45 to 64, 13.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females, there were 89.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.9 males. The median income for a household in the city was $31,590, for a family was $38,668. Males had a median income of $27,078 versus $22,002 for females; the per capita income for the city was $16,949. About 13.0% of families and 16.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.8% of those under age 18 and 15.3% of those age 65 or over. The following table shows Sumter's crime rate in six crime classifications that Morgan Quitno uses in their calculations for "America's most dangerous cities" rankings, in comparison to the national average; the statistics provided. According to the Congressional Quarterly Press 2008 City Crime Rankings: Crime in Metropolitan America, Sumter Statistical Metropolitan Area ranks as having the fifth highest overall crime rate out of 338 statistical metropolitan areas in the United States of America.
Sumter adopted the council-manager form of government on June 11, 1912. The city council appoints a city manager to serve as chief administrative officer to run the day-to-day business of the city; this individual serves at the pleasure of the council. A mayor is elected to serve as the chairman of the city council. Six councilmen, who are not subject to term limits, are elected by ward, whereas the mayor is elected at-large. Sumter City Council is responsible for making policies and enacting laws and regulations to provide for future community and economic growth; the council is responsible for providing the necessary support for the orderly and efficient operation of city services. Martha Priscilla Shaw, Sumter's first female mayor from 1952 to 1956, was the first woman to serve as a mayor in South Carolina. On July 1, 2011, Sumter School Districts 2 and 17 combined to form the newly consolidated Sumter School District. Sumter is home to Crestwood High School, Lakewood High School, Sumter High School.
The last is one of the largest high schools in the Midlands and the fifth-largest in the state, located on the southwest side of Sumter. The schools in this district have each received national recognition as Blue Ribbon Schools, producing st