The performers may communicate this experience to the audience through combinations of gesture, song and dance. Elements of art, such as painted scenery and stagecraft such as lighting are used to enhance the physicality, the specific place of the performance is named by the word theatre as derived from the Ancient Greek θέατρον, itself from θεάομαι. Modern theatre, broadly defined, includes performances of plays and musical theatre, there are connections between theatre and the art forms of ballet and various other forms. The city-state of Athens is where western theatre originated, participation in the city-states many festivals—and mandatory attendance at the City Dionysia as an audience member in particular—was an important part of citizenship. The Greeks developed the concepts of dramatic criticism and theatre architecture, Actors were either amateur or at best semi-professional. The theatre of ancient Greece consisted of three types of drama, tragedy and the satyr play, the origins of theatre in ancient Greece, according to Aristotle, the first theoretician of theatre, are to be found in the festivals that honoured Dionysus.
The performances were given in semi-circular auditoria cut into hillsides, capable of seating 10, the stage consisted of a dancing floor, dressing room and scene-building area. Since the words were the most important part, good acoustics, the actors wore masks appropriate to the characters they represented, and each might play several parts. Athenian tragedy—the oldest surviving form of tragedy—is a type of dance-drama that formed an important part of the culture of the city-state. Having emerged sometime during the 6th century BCE, it flowered during the 5th century BCE, no tragedies from the 6th century BCE and only 32 of the more than a thousand that were performed in during the 5th century BCE have survived. We have complete texts extant by Aeschylus and Euripides, the origins of tragedy remain obscure, though by the 5th century BCE it was institution alised in competitions held as part of festivities celebrating Dionysus. As contestants in the City Dionysias competition playwrights were required to present a tetralogy of plays, the performance of tragedies at the City Dionysia may have begun as early as 534 BCE, official records begin from 501 BCE, when the satyr play was introduced.
More than 130 years later, the philosopher Aristotle analysed 5th-century Athenian tragedy in the oldest surviving work of dramatic theory—his Poetics, Athenian comedy is conventionally divided into three periods, Old Comedy, Middle Comedy, and New Comedy. Old Comedy survives today largely in the form of the surviving plays of Aristophanes. New Comedy is known primarily from the papyrus fragments of Menander. Aristotle defined comedy as a representation of people that involves some kind of blunder or ugliness that does not cause pain or disaster. In addition to the categories of comedy and tragedy at the City Dionysia, finding its origins in rural, agricultural rituals dedicated to Dionysus, the satyr play eventually found its way to Athens in its most well-known form. Satyrs themselves were tied to the god Dionysus as his loyal companions, often engaging in drunken revelry
The SFJAZZ Center is a music venue in the Hayes Valley neighborhood of San Francisco, that opened in January 2013. It is considered the first free-standing building in America built for jazz performance, the building was designed by Mark Cavagnero Associates, and cost $64 million to complete. The performance space is the Robert N, miner Auditorium, with a sound system by Meyer Sound Laboratories. The Centers official interior art is by Mark Ulriksen, with murals by Sandow Birk. It is home to SFJAZZ, a music organization established in 1983. SFJAZZ has, since 1983, produced the San Francisco Jazz Festival, and since 2004, the SFJAZZ Collective
Beverly Hills Playhouse
The Beverly Hills Playhouse is an acting school with theaters and training facilities in Beverly Hills, and in Los Angeles, San Francisco, and New York City. It is one of the oldest acting schools and theatres in Los Angeles County and it is located at 254 South Robertson Boulevard in Beverly Hills. Veronica Lake, Mamie Van Doren and many other professional actors studied there, in 1954, the Bliss-Hayden Theatre was acquired by Douglas Frank Bank and Jay Manford, and renamed The Beverly Hills Playhouse. This was a showcase for many written by Douglas Bank as well as well-known plays of the time including Jenny Kissed Me, Room Service, The Lawyer, Harvey. Many actors had performed there including Stanley Adams, Anne Baxter, Ken Mayer, Michael Fox and Louella Parsons and they owned the theatre until 1959. In 1978, Milton Katselas, the director and acting teacher. The Beverly Hills Playhouse is one of the citys oldest and most respected, the BHP is one of only a few schools that not only teaches the craft of acting, but attitude and administration.
With regard to acting technique, the BHP uses Katselas approach and it is a down-to-earth training, with vastly reduced emphasis on exercises, and with techniques to create full, believable performances that enlighten and entertain. There has been controversy regarding the BHP and Scientology. Some of the teachers on the staff of the school were Scientologists, by 2007, almost all those involved with the movement left the school. Also, as Katselas was highly respected by countless non-Scientologist actors such as Doris Roberts and John Glover, his reputation remained primarily that of a first rate teacher above all else. The BHP operates out of its headquarters in Beverly Hills, but has an operation in Los Feliz at the Skylight Theatre, as well as programs in San Francisco. Its current focus under the leadership of Gary Grossman is the development of new plays, a Christmas Held Captive Oppenheimer, Mark. Archived from the original on September 12,2008
Alcazar Theatre (1976)
See Alcazar Theatre and Alcazar Theatre for two earlier SF theaters. The Alcazar Theatre is a 511-seat theatre located at 650 Geary Street, San Francisco, the venue is host to many touring productions of Broadway and Off Broadway plays, as well as variety, cabaret and other theatrical events of varying quality. Built in 1917 as a Shriners Temple at a cost of $150,000, upon opening, the June 1917 edition of Architect and Engineer described the building as an adaptation from Alhambra, a building that stands as the highest mark of Arabian art and civilization. It served as a temple until 1970, after the Alcazar Theatre at 260 OFarrell Street closed on December 31,1961 and demolished, this former temple on Geary Street became a legitimate theatre in 1976 and took on the name Alcazar. The structure was gutted in 1982 after attempts to salvage it failed, standing just west of Union Square, in the heart of the theatre district, the Alcazar has been renovated combining state of the art facilities with the architectural style of the past.
The Alcazar Theatre was designated San Francisco Historical Landmark 195 in 1989, list of San Francisco Designated Landmarks
Grace Cathedral, San Francisco
Grace Cathedral is an Episcopal cathedral on Nob Hill, San Francisco, California. It is the church of the Episcopal Diocese of California. There is an adult choir. The director of music and choirmaster is Ben Bachmann, the Very Reverend Alan Jones retired as dean in 2009. He was the moderator of The Forum at Grace Cathedral, canon Jane Shaw was installed as the eighth dean of Grace Cathedral. The cathedrals ancestral parish, Grace Church, was founded in 1849 during the California Gold Rush, the cathedral is the daughter of the historic Grace Church. The first little chapel was built in the gold rush year of 1849, the family of a railroad baron and banker, William Henry Crocker, gave their ruined Nob Hill property for a diocesan cathedral, which took its name and founding congregation from the nearby parish. In 1865, Mark Twain published purported private correspondence between himself and potential short-term rectors, satirizing the churchs efforts to find a short-term rector in the 1860s and 1870s, dean J.
Wilmer Gresham nurtured the young cathedral and work began on the present structure in 1928. Designed in French Gothic style by Lewis P. Hobart, it was completed in 1964 as the third largest Episcopal cathedral in the nation. On March 28,1964, Martin Luther King, Jr. gave a sermon at Grace Cathedral as part of the festival celebrating its completion and consecration, the service took place on the fourth Sunday of Lent. Approximately 5,000 people were present to hear Kings sermon and it was the largest gathering at the cathedral for the next 37 years, until the September 11,2001, memorial service took place. Grace Cathedral has a significant collection of varied works by Jan Henryk De Rosen, among these are a faux-tile mural behind the Chapel of Grace reredos from 1932, the mural in the Chapel of the Nativitys Adoration from 1946 showing the Holy Family with the magi and shepherds. At the donors request, the original angels hovering above were removed by the artist, De Rosen included a little image of his boyhood home in Warsaw in the mural.
On a smaller scale, De Rosen painted exquisite panels for the old high altar which is now in the Chapel of St. Francis columbarium. The cathedral entrance has a pair of doors, often called the Ghiberti doors. They are reproductions of the doors of the Florence Baptistery by Lorenzo Ghiberti and they were hidden in a disused railway tunnel until 1944, and latex casts were made after their rediscovery. The doors now in the baptistery are modern replicas installed in 1991, laid out on the floor of Grace Cathedral is a labyrinth that is based on the famous medieval labyrinth of Cathédrale Notre-Dame de Chartres located in Chartres, France. It is said if a visitor walks the pattern of the labyrinth it will bring them to a meditative state
The Castro Theatre is a popular San Francisco movie palace which became San Francisco Historic Landmark #100 in September 1976. Its designer, Timothy L. Pflueger, designed Oaklands Paramount Theater and other theaters in California in that period. The theater has over 1,400 seats, the theaters ceiling is the last known leatherette ceiling in the USA & possibly the world. Another leatherette ceiling was unfortunately demolished just a few years ago, to achieve the ceilings look as though it is leather requires a special technique regarded as lost today. The Castro Theatre originally opened at 479 Castro Street in 1910 and it was subsequently remodeled into a retail store in the mid-1920s after the larger Castro Theatre was built at 429 Castro Street, its current location, only a few doors up from the original theatre. The new Castro Theatre opened the day to the general public. The Nasser brothers, who built the theater and still own it, the interior is luxurious and ornate, with subtly convex and concave walls and ceiling and a dramatic Mighty Wurlitzer pipe organ that is played before films and events.
The large neon Castro sign is emblematic of both the theatre and the Castro District, in January 2008, for the filming of the Gus Van Sant biopic Milk, restorations were made to the neon on the theaters marquee and blade sign, and the facade was repainted. The movie about the life and times of Harvey Milk, the San Francisco city Supervisor who was Californias first openly gay elected official, had its premiere at the theater in November 2008. The theater can project modern digital formats such as 4K DCP with 5, the Castro is capable of showing 70 mm films and is one of the few theaters in the world that can show a 70 mm film with separate DTS soundtrack. The Castro Theatre is located on Castro Street near the intersection of Market and 17th Streets, list of San Francisco Designated Landmarks Roxie Cinema Victoria Theater Official website of the Castro Theatre
San Francisco Symphony
The San Francisco Symphony, founded in 1911, is an orchestra based in San Francisco, California. Since 1980, the orchestra has performed at the Louise M. Davies Symphony Hall in the Citys Hayes Valley neighborhood, the San Francisco Symphony Youth Orchestra and the San Francisco Symphony Chorus are part of the organization. Its current music director is Michael Tilson Thomas, who has held the position since September 1995, among various awards and honors for the orchestra are an Emmy Award and 15 Grammy Awards in the past 25 years. The orchestras first concerts were led by conductor composer Henry Hadley, there were sixty musicians in the Orchestra at the beginning of their first season. The first concert included music by Wagner, Haydn, there were thirteen concerts in the 1911–1912 season, five of which were popular music. Hertz helped to refine the orchestra and arranged for the Victor Talking Machine Company to record it at their new studio in Oakland in early 1925. Hertz led the orchestra during a number of broadcasts, including on the The Standard Hour.
The series began in 1926 when the orchestra faced bankruptcy, Standard Oil of California paid the orchestras debts, the first broadcast aired on the NBC Pacific Network, on October 24,1926. and the broadcasts continued for more than 30 years. After Hertzs retirement in 1930, the orchestra was led by two conductors, Basil Cameron and Issay Dobrowen, the French maestro Pierre Monteux, who had conducted the world premiere of Igor Stravinskys The Rite of Spring, was hired to restore the orchestra. Monteux succeeded to the point where NBC began broadcasting some of its concerts, in 1949, Monteux invited Arthur Fiedler to lead summer pops concerts in the Civic Auditorium. Fiedler conducted the orchestra at concerts in Sigmund Stern Grove in San Francisco. Fiedlers relationship with the orchestra continued until the mid-1970s, stokowski made a series of RCA Victor recordings with the orchestra in 1952 and 1953. In 1954 the board hired the young Spanish maestro Enrique Jordá as music director, surviving eyewitness and newspaper accounts describe him as having youthful enthusiasm and charm.
Jordá sometimes conducted so vigorously that his baton flew from his hand, szells comments, along with growing dissatisfaction among musicians and the public, led the symphony board to dismiss Jordá. In the fall of 1963, the Austrian conductor Josef Krips became music director and he quickly became known as a benevolent autocrat, and would not tolerate sloppy playing. He soon began to refine the performance of the musicians, particularly of the standard German-Austrian repertoire. One of his innovations was a tradition on New Years Eve, A Night in Old Vienna. Similar concerts continued into the 2000s, though the format has changed in recent years, Krips would not make recordings with the orchestra, insisting they werent ready
Marines' Memorial Club
The Marines Memorial Club in San Francisco, California at 609 Sutter Street, is a private social club for United States Marines and other veterans of the United States Armed Forces. As a port city, San Francisco has since its founding by Spain been associated with personnel, naval personnel. During World War II it was a point of embarkation for many sailors in the Pacific, the Marines Memorial was opened as a club for veterans of the Marines, although membership is open to all United States servicemen and servicewomen. Early in 1946, the Commandant of the Marine Corps, General Alexander A. Vandegrift, had proposed a memorial to Marine casualties from the War in the Pacific. The club opened on November 10,1946, the anniversary of the founding of the Marine Corps, the theater predates the club, and was part of the original 1926 building. In its early days it hosted nationwide radio broadcasts by Bob Hope and it housed the San Francisco Actors Workshop, which produced plays by Arthur Miller, Tennessee Williams, and Bertholt Brecht.
It was the first home of the American Conservatory Theater, today the Association has 21,000 members from all branches of the United States military, NOAA, and the Public Health Service, mostly from California. The Marines Memorial is housed in a 12-story Spanish Colonial-style building built in 1926 as the Western Womens Club, the most noticeable features are a 650-seat repertory theater and a lobby display of military memorabilia, most notably the ships bell from the USS San Francisco. It includes two restaurants and a Club One fitness center, the building includes the Tribute Memorial Wall, a private memorial to American troops killed in the Iraq War and war in Afghanistan. List of American gentlemens clubs Official website Official theater website
American Conservatory Theater
American Conservatory Theater is a large non-profit theater company in San Francisco, that offers both classical and contemporary theater productions, as well as being an acting school. A. C. T. was founded in 1965 in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, in conjunction with the Pittsburgh Playhouse and Carnegie Mellon University by theatre, San Francisco Chronicle critic Paine Knickerbocker acclaimed Balls opening performance of Molières Tartuffe as a screaming, bellowing unbelievable triumph. In the mid-1980s, suffering from exhaustion and under accusations of mismanagement, was forced to relinquish his post as artistic director. Founding member and stage director Edward Hastings, who revived the companys fortunes until the Geary Theatre was severely damaged by the 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake, the company continued performing in a variety of San Francisco venues while laying the groundwork for its restoration. Since 1992, Carey Perloff has served as A. C. T. s Artistic Director, a. C. T. is now financially secure and has achieved continued acclaim for its work.
Released a cast album of Perloffs production of the Bertolt Brecht and Kurt Weill musical Happy End and it includes the full score and is the first English language recording of this musical. A. C. T. s home in San Francisco is the eponymous American Conservatory Theater, previously known as the Columbia Theater, the American Conservatory Theater was listed on the National Register of Historic Places on May 27,1975. A. C. T. s founders vision was for it to be both a company and acting school. The conservatory currently offers a range of classes and is accredited to grant Master of Fine Arts degrees for actors. Its MFA program is competitive, admitting only eight students per year among hundreds who audition. It was ranked by U. S. News & World Report as one of the top five graduate acting training programs in the U. S. along with schools like Juilliard, the current director of the conservatory is Melissa Smith. Tom OBrien, Harry Hamlin, Anna Deavere Smith, Omar Metwally, Steven W. Bailey, in addition to the MFA program, A. C. T.
offers training through the Studio A. C. T. The Summer Training Congress, and Young Conservatory programs, alumni of these programs include Nicolas Cage, Teri Hatcher, Delroy Lindo, Milo Ventimiglia, Winona Ryder, Camryn Manheim, Marcus Orelias, Darren Criss, and Chris Pine. A. C. T. s Young Conservatory is a recognized professional theater training program for youth through the ages of 19. It was founded by Luanne and Ross Graham in 1971, successive YC directors include, Candace Birk, Sharon Newman, Linda Aldrich, and Susan Stauter. The program has led since 1988 by the acclaimed Craig Slaight. The Young Conservatory is geared at performing new works specifically for young actors, the conservatory members are offered roles in the mainstage productions, most frequently A Christmas Carol, which is performed every winter. The first person to be given the sound designer in regional theatre was Dan Dugan at A. C. T. in the late 1960s
The Scottish Rites Bodies Regency Center is a multi-use events venue located in San Francisco, California. The venue opened in 1909 as a masonic lodge, throughout the years, it has served as a dance studio and movie theatre. The venue opened in 1909 as the Scottish Rite Temple, built by the Scottish Rite as a masonic lodge, in 1966, the lodge was purchased by Blumenfeld Enterprises and converted into a 800-seat movie theater. The theater opened as Regency I on December 22,1967, with a showing of The Birds, the Bees, the neighboring building, known as Regency II was formerly the Avalon Ballroom. Blumenfeld Enterprises converted this space into a movie theatre in 1968. In 1980, the building was used by the Polish Arts and Culture Foundation as a banquet hall. Despite its popularity, the theatre closed on November 7,1998, the venue remained dormant until it was purchased by Scott Robertson and Craig Lipton in 2000. Renvoations for the space began February 2001, with a grand reopening as the Regency Center in March 2002, during this time, the venue was primarily used for corporate events, trade shows and weddings, with 9-15 concerts held annually.
In 2008, the Warfield Theatre closed for renovations, with all moved to the Grand Ballroom. The move increased the use as a concert hall. Concert promoter Goldenvoice began management and operations of the venue in September 2008, in 2015, the venue was renamed the Scottish Rites Bodies Regency Center to tie in its heritage as a former masonic lodge. Regency Ballroom, The Beaux-Arts designed auditorium serves as the concert venue. It can holds 700 guests in a setting and up to 1,400 in a reception/general admission setting. This venue was known as the Grand Ballroom at Regency Center from 2002 until 2008. The Lodge, The original meeting hall for the Scottish Rite Freemasons and it features the original Austin Organs from 1909. The venue can hold up to 300 guests and it is used for fundraising events and seminars. Social Hall, This basement venue is used for comedy events. The hall was known as the Sutter Room from 2002 until 2014