Florida State Road 528
State Road 528, alternatively named the Martin Andersen Beachline Expressway, is a partially-tolled state road in the U. S. state of Florida. Spanning 53 miles along a west–east axis, it connects Interstate 4 in Orlando with I-95, Cape Canaveral on the Space Coast, it passes close to the tourist areas of Orlando, including SeaWorld and Universal Orlando, serves the north entrance to Orlando International Airport. Near its east end, it passes over the Intracoastal Waterway on the Emory L. Bennett Causeway, ends at SR A1A and SR 401 near Port Canaveral. Martin Andersen, a retired publisher, used his influence to get the original stretch of road built in the 1960s; the road is owned and maintained by the FTE and the CFX. The entire Beachline is compatible with the SunPass and E-Pass electronic toll collection transponders on both mainline plazas and interchange tolls. EZ-Pass can be used on some of the Beachline, from McCoy Road, just west of the airport, to highway 520, the last toll plaza east towards the coast.
The westernmost eight miles of the Beachline Expressway, from I-4 to SR 482 near the airport, is known as the Beachline West Expressway and is FTE owned. The section of the expressway is most famous for providing the link for tourists between Orlando International Airport and Orlando area attractions such as SeaWorld and Universal Orlando, Walt Disney World via I-4; the Beachline begins at an interchange with I-4, heads east, with interchanges with the tourist-driven International Drive, Orangewood Boulevard, John Young Parkway. The highway jogs north to a massive interchange with Florida's Turnpike and US 17/US 92/US 441 at exit 4; the section of the Beachline Expressway from exit 0 to exit 4 is a "free movement" section, requiring no tolls. The expressway continues east to the Beachline West barrier toll and to SR 482, ending FTE maintenance at the northwest edge of the airport. CFX maintenance begins at the northwest corner of the airport, with a free movement section between exits 8 and 9, followed by two airport-access interchanges with SR 436 and Goldenrod Road.
The last of the Beachline's free movement sections is between SR 436 and with SR 15 just east of the airport. Three miles east of the airport, it intersects with the SR 417, heading out of Orlando, with the road straightening out as a beeline for the rest of its journey in Orange County. From the GreeneWay to I-95, the Beachline Expressway travels through uninhabited marshlands, it intersects with a barrier toll just east of the GreeneWay, has interchanges with International Corporate Park Boulevard, Dallas Boulevard, followed by one more barrier toll. East of the toll plaza, SR 528 reaches SR 520, the last interchange before the Orange–Brevard county line, ending CFX maintenance and tolls. Turnpike maintenance begins at the eastern end of the SR 520 interchange, SR 528 crosses the St. Johns River into Brevard County at mile 35.775. Just east of the Brevard County line, the road veers southeast at the interchange with SR 407, it enters the Space Coast development area before the interchange with I-95.
It continues east, with interchanges with SR 501/SR 524 and US 1 before crossing over the Intracoastal Waterway on the Emory L. Bennett Causeway, followed by interchanges with SR 3 and Banana River Drive before ending at SR A1A and SR 401 near Port Canaveral. There are three mainline toll plazas on the tollway and each of them have at least two express lanes dedicated to E-Pass/SunPass for electronic toll collection, which do not require motorists to stop at a booth, as well as lanes dedicated to cash collection. While the Dallas Boulevard off ramp has a dedicated ETC lane along with an exact change lane, the other two ramp poll plazas only have a combined ETC/Exact Change lane, with no change provided; the Central Florida Expressway Authority, which operates part of the Beachline from McCoy Road, just east of the airport, to SR 520, accepts EZ-Pass, however, FTE, which operates the Beachline from McCoy road west, does not accept EZ-Pass. This change in toll pass coverage can be a source of confusion for out of state travelers wanting to use their home state's pass west from the airport towards the theme park tourist areas.
Tolls on the east-pointing ramps at SR 520 are collected by FDOT, 25 cents of the $1.25 CFX barrier toll east of the airport goes to FDOT. There are no toll roads in Brevard County so technically the 25 cents is only for use of the FDOT road section in Orange County. Nonetheless, most road maps show the Brevard County section from the Orange County line to I-95 to be a toll road because it is impossible to travel over it without incurring a toll elsewhere; the Toll SR 528 shield is used on this stretch of road as well as on exit signs along I-95. The current toll rates took effect in July 2012. Prior to the construction of the Bee Line, State Road 528 was a surface road connecting Interstate 4 with the McCoy Jetport and SR 15, it ran along Sand Lake Road from I-4 east to Orange Blossom Trail at Taft, where SR 528 turned back north to McCoy Road. McCoy Road led east past the north entrance to the Jetport to SR 15.
Sunshine Skyway Bridge
The Bob Graham Sunshine Skyway Bridge referred to as the Sunshine Skyway Bridge or the Skyway, is a cable-stayed bridge spanning the Lower Tampa Bay connecting St. Petersburg, Florida to Terra Ceia; the four-lane bridge carries Interstate 275 and U. S. Route 19, passing through Pinellas County, Hillsborough County, Manatee County; the current Sunshine Skyway is the second bridge of that name on the site. It was designed by the Figg & Muller Engineering Group and built by the American Bridge Company and is considered a symbol of Florida; the original bridge opened in 1954 and was the site of two major maritime disasters within a few months in 1980. In January 1980, the United States Coast Guard Cutter Blackthorn collided with the tanker Capricorn near the bridge, resulting in the sinking of the cutter and the loss of 23 crew members. In May 1980, the freighter MV Summit Venture collided with a bridge support during a sudden squall, resulting in the structural collapse of the southbound span and the deaths of 35 people whose vehicles plunged into Tampa Bay.
The original two-lane bridge was built by the Virginia Bridge Company and opened to traffic on September 6, 1954, with a similar structure built parallel and to the west of it in 1969 to make it a four-lane bridge and bring it to Interstate Highway standards. Opening of the newer span was delayed until 1971 for reinforcing of the south main pier, which had cracked due to insufficient supporting pile depth; the second span was used for all southbound traffic, while the original span was converted to carry northbound traffic. The old bridge replaced a ferry from Point Pinellas to Piney Point. US 19 was extended from St. Petersburg to its current end north; the southbound span of the original bridge was destroyed at 7:33 a.m. on May 9, 1980, when the freighter MV Summit Venture collided with a pier during a sudden squall, sending over 1,200 feet of the bridge plummeting into Tampa Bay. The collision caused six cars, a truck, a Greyhound bus to fall 150 feet into the water, killing 35 people. One man, Wesley MacIntire, survived when his Ford Courier pickup truck landed on the deck of the Summit Venture before falling into the bay.
He sued the company that owned the ship, settled in 1984 for $175,000. Several other drivers - including former major league baseball player Granny Hamner - were able to stop their vehicles before reaching the gap in the roadway. John Lerro, the harbor pilot, steering the ship, was cleared of wrongdoing by both a state grand jury and a Coast Guard investigation. A microburst had hit the freighter with torrential rains and 70 mile per hour winds as it was in the middle of a turn in the shipping channel nearing the bridge, cutting visibility to near zero and temporarily rendering the ship's radar useless. Lerro put the ship's engines into full reverse and ordered the emergency dropping of the anchor as soon as he realized that the freighter was out of the channel, but the bow still hit two support piers with enough force to cause a portion of the roadway to collapse; the south main pier withstood the ship strike without significant damage, but a secondary pier to the south was not designed to withstand such an impact and failed catastrophically.
After the Summit Venture disaster, the southbound span was used as a temporary fishing pier and the northbound span was converted back to carry one lane in either direction until the current bridge opened. Before the old bridge was demolished and hauled away in barges, MacIntire was the last person to drive over it, he was accompanied by his wife, when they reached the top of the bridge, they dropped 35 white carnations into the water, one for each person who died in the disaster. Both the main spans of both the intact northbound bridge and the damaged southbound bridge were demolished in 1993 and the approaches for both old spans were made into the Skyway Fishing Pier State Park; these approaches sit 1⁄2 mile to the west of the current bridge. The approaches of the 1950 span were demolished in 2008. Gov. Graham's idea for the design of the current bridge won out over other proposals, including a tunnel and a simple reconstruction of the broken section of the old bridge that would not have improved shipping conditions.
The new bridge's main span is 50% wider than the old bridge. The piers of the main span and the approaches for 1⁄4 mile in either direction are surrounded by large concrete barriers, called "dolphins", that can protect the bridge piers from collisions by ships larger than the Summit Venture like tankers, container ships, cruise ships. In 1990 FDOT awarded the winning bid to the Hardaway Company to demolish all steel and concrete sections of the Sunshine Skyway Bridge; the scope of the project required that all underwater piles and piers, surface roadway and beams be dismantled. Special care had to be taken in removing underwater bridge elements near the shipping channel. Additionally, the concrete material, deck sections and steel girders were to be collected in order to be placed offshore and along the remaining bridge approaches to become artificial reefs for the new planned state fishing park; the main bridge span had to be removed in one piece in order not to block the main shipping canal leading to the Port of Tampa.
During the disassembly work of the bridges’ structural steel members, several difficult engineering challenges had to be resolved: the order of disassembly, a safe method for detonating charges on concrete and steel members in a publicly open and difficult to control area such as the Tampa Bay, the development of a safe methodology for the removal in one piece
Wildwood is a city in Sumter County, United States. The population was 3,924 at the 2000 census. According to the U. S. Census Bureau's 2004 estimates, the city had a population of 3,598. Wildwood is located at 28°51′31″N 82°2′19″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of all land; as of the census of 2000, there were 3,924 people, 1,640 households, 1,074 families residing in the city. The population density was 759.7 inhabitants per square mile. There were 2,062 housing units at an average density of 399.2 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 64.76% White, 32.93% African American, 0.13% Native American, 0.13% Asian, 0.97% from other races, 1.10% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.42% of the population. There were 1,640 households out of which 23.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.6% were married couples living together, 17.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 34.5% were non-families.
30.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 20.2% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.28 and the average family size was 2.81. In the city the population was spread out with 22.3% under the age of 18, 6.5% from 18 to 24, 18.4% from 25 to 44, 19.0% from 45 to 64, 33.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 48 years. For every 100 females, there were 83.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 79.2 males. The median income for a household in the city was $23,357, the median income for a family was $27,247. Males had a median income of $23,250 versus $18,103 for females; the per capita income for the city was $11,758. About 17.3% of families and 21.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 39.6% of those under age 18 and 8.1% of those age 65 or over. A post office called Wildwood has been in operation since 1881; the town was so named on account of its remote location in the woods. In April 2015, The Villages and their corporate representation petitioned the city of Wildwood with plans to build 785 new homes on County Road 466A, across from Pinellas Plaza.
Wildwood leaders rejected the expansion efforts citing concerns of the city losing its identity when it was to become overwhelmed by The Villages. On April 27, 2015, The Villages formally withdrew their plans for expansion, indicating that the City of Wildwood officials made too many requests that would be a “disservice to our residents and business partners.” There are no known plans for further expansion of The Villages into the city of Wildwood at this time. Wildwood is located at the juncture of Interstate 75, Florida's Turnpike, State Road 44, U. S. Highway 301. For many years Wildwood was the northern control city on Turnpike road signs however this was replaced with Ocala, Florida beginning in 2007; because of its centralized location and easy access to both coasts, it is referred to as "The Crossroads of Florida". CSX railroad has a station located on Main Street in Wildwood; the station was a stop along Amtrak's national commuter route until 2004. Today, the former station is a CSX maintenance yard.
In addition there is an abandoned railroad spur owned by the Florida Midland Railroad that once led to Leesburg, but now runs along County Road 44A and was the home for some abandoned freight cars until some point in the first decade of the 21st Century. In the 20th Century Wildwood was the dividing yard for the Seaboard Airline Railroad where southbound passenger trains were divided up into east coast and west coast sections and northbound trains from both coasts joined together. Barbara J. Stephenson, Diplomat Marvin Coleman, former player in the Canadian Football League Elizabeth Cook, country music singer and radio personality Ron Dixon, former player of the National Football League Dana Fuchs, songwriter and voice-over artist, portrayed Sadie in 2007 film Across the Universe Ellis Johnson, former player of the National Football League Dan Sikes, former professional golfer
Ronald Wilson Reagan was an American politician who served as the 40th president of the United States from 1981 to 1989. Prior to his presidency, he was a Hollywood actor and union leader before serving as the 33rd governor of California from 1967 to 1975. Reagan was raised in a poor family in small towns of northern Illinois, he graduated from Eureka College in 1932 and worked as a sports announcer on several regional radio stations. After moving to California in 1937, he found work as an actor and starred in a few major productions. Reagan was twice elected President of the Screen Actors Guild—the labor union for actors—where he worked to root out Communist influence. In the 1950s, he was a motivational speaker at General Electric factories. Reagan had been a Democrat until 1962, when he became a conservative and switched to the Republican Party. In 1964, Reagan's speech, "A Time for Choosing", supported Barry Goldwater's foundering presidential campaign and earned him national attention as a new conservative spokesman.
Building a network of supporters, he was elected governor of California in 1966. As governor, Reagan raised taxes, turned a state budget deficit to a surplus, challenged the protesters at the University of California, ordered in National Guard troops during a period of protest movements in 1969, was re-elected in 1970, he twice ran unsuccessfully for the Republican presidential nomination, in 1968 and 1976. Four years in 1980, he won the nomination and defeated incumbent president Jimmy Carter. At 69 years, 349 days of age at the time of his first inauguration, Reagan was the oldest person to have assumed office until Donald Trump in 2017. Reagan faced former vice president Walter Mondale when he ran for re-election in 1984, defeated him, winning the most electoral votes of any U. S. president, 525, or 97.6 percent of the 538 votes in the Electoral College. This was the second-most lopsided presidential election in modern U. S. history after Franklin D. Roosevelt's 1936 victory over Alfred M. Landon, in which he won 98.5 percent or 523 of the 531 electoral votes.
Soon after taking office, Reagan began implementing sweeping new economic initiatives. His supply-side economic policies, dubbed "Reaganomics", advocated tax rate reduction to spur economic growth, economic deregulation, reduction in government spending. In his first term he survived an assassination attempt, spurred the War on Drugs, fought public sector labor. Over his two terms, the economy saw a reduction of inflation from 12.5% to 4.4%, an average annual growth of real GDP of 3.4%. Reagan enacted cuts in domestic discretionary spending, cut taxes, increased military spending which contributed to increased federal outlays overall after adjustment for inflation. Foreign affairs dominated his second term, including ending the Cold War, the bombing of Libya, the Iran–Iraq War, the Iran–Contra affair. In June 1987, four years after he publicly described the Soviet Union as an "evil empire", Reagan challenged Soviet General Secretary Mikhail Gorbachev to "tear down this wall!", during a speech at the Brandenburg Gate.
He transitioned Cold War policy from détente to rollback by escalating an arms race with the USSR while engaging in talks with Gorbachev. The talks culminated in the INF Treaty. Reagan began his presidency during the decline of the Soviet Union, the Berlin Wall fell just ten months after the end of his term. Germany reunified the following year, on December 26, 1991, the Soviet Union collapsed; when Reagan left office in 1989, he held an approval rating of 68 percent, matching those of Franklin D. Roosevelt, Bill Clinton, as the highest ratings for departing presidents in the modern era, he was the first president since Dwight D. Eisenhower to serve two full terms, after a succession of five prior presidents did not. Although he had planned an active post-presidency, Reagan disclosed in November 1994 that he had been diagnosed with Alzheimer's disease earlier that year. Afterward, his informal public appearances became more infrequent, he died at home on June 5, 2004. His tenure constituted a realignment toward conservative policies in the United States, he is an icon among conservatives.
Evaluations of his presidency among historians and the general public place him among the upper tier of American presidents. Ronald Wilson Reagan was born on February 6, 1911, in an apartment on the second floor of a commercial building in Tampico, Illinois, he was the younger son of Jack Reagan. Jack was a salesman and storyteller whose grandparents were Irish Catholic emigrants from County Tipperary, while Nelle was of half English and half Scottish descent. Reagan's older brother, Neil Reagan, became an advertising executive. Reagan's father nicknamed his son "Dutch", due to his "fat little Dutchman"-like appearance and "Dutchboy" haircut. Reagan's family lived in several towns and cities in Illinois, including Monmouth and Chicago. In 1919, they returned to Tampico and lived above the H. C. Pitney Variety Store until settling in Dixon. After his election as president, Reagan resided in the upstairs White House private quarters, he would quip that he was "living above the store again". Ronald Reagan wrote that his mother "always expected to find the best in people and did".
She attended the Disciples of Christ church and was active, influential, within it.
Central Florida Expressway Authority
The Central Florida Expressway Authority is a highway authority responsible for construction and operation of toll roads in four counties of Greater Orlando. It was created in 2014 to replace the Orlando–Orange County Expressway Authority, which only had authority in Orange County, as of 2016 no roads outside that county have been added to the system. Other toll roads in the area are operated by Florida's Turnpike Enterprise and the Osceola County Expressway Authority; the Wekiva Parkway, the final piece of a beltway around Orlando, is planned for completion through Lake and Orange Counties by 2021. CFX operates an electronic toll collection system known as E-Pass, one of the first systems of its kind in the United States. Use of the state's SunPass system is available on CFX roads. On November 9, 2017, it was announced. CFX began accepting E-ZPass as a form of payment starting on September 1, 2018, but only on roads which they maintain. CFX was founded in 1963 for the purpose of building the Bee Line Expressway, soon built the East-West Expressway.
The following roads were built by CFX: Beachline Expressway from State Road 15 to State Road 520, 1966-1967 East-West Expressway from State Road 50 west of State Road 435 to State Road 50 east of State Road 551, 1972-1973 Beachline Expressway from State Road 482 to State Road 15, 1981-1983 Central Florida GreeneWay from State Road 50 to Seminole County, 1987-1988 East-West Expressway from State Road 551 to State Road 50 east of State Road 434, 1987-1989 Central Florida GreeneWay from State Road 528 to State Road 408, 1989-1990 East-West Expressway from Florida's Turnpike to State Road 435, 1989-1990 Central Florida GreeneWay from International Drive to State Road 528, 1991-1993 Western Beltway from Florida's Turnpike to U. S. Highway 441, 1998-2001 Goldenrod Road Extension, 2001-2003 Western Beltway from County Road 535 to Florida's Turnpike, 2001-2002 Western Beltway from Seidel Road to County Road 535, 2004-2005 John Land Apopka Expressway from State Road 429 to U. S. Highway 441, 2008-2009Many sections of the current expressway system, such as the connection of SR 528 from Sand Lake Road to I-4, the sections of SR 417 in Seminole and Osceola counties, SR 429 south of Seidel Road, were built by the Florida's Turnpike Enterprise, their toll facilities are managed by the same.
Beginning in 2007, CFX began transitioning its signage from FHWA Series E modified typeface to signs that use the new Clearview typeface. The newest addition to the CFX system is an extension of Maitland Boulevard known as the John Land Apopka Expressway; the expressway opened on May 15, 2009. The project was inherited from the Florida Department of Transportation, which referred to it as the "Apopka Bypass". Planning is underway for an extension of State Road 429 known as the Wekiva Parkway. In addition, SR 408 underwent a massive overhaul, including the relocation of its two main toll plazas, large sections of widening, expansion of a bridge over Lake Underhill; the current 25-year plan, the "2030 Master Plan", includes two new toll connections to Brevard County, a new connection from Sanford to New Smyrna Beach parallel to State Road 415, a southern bypass of SR 417 to Florida's Turnpike south of St. Cloud, a connection from the Western Beltway to U. S. Highway 27 south of Clermont. A 2013 grand jury investigation into the CFX, found a "culture of corruption," involving gifts and campaign donations.
CFX was criticized for firing the Director, attempting to stop this corruption, replacing him with a legislator with no experience of running a toll operation. The job paid over $175,000 annually; the Central Connector, known by the Florida Department of Transportation as State Road 529, was a proposed tollway planned to parallel Orange Avenue between downtown Orlando and the Beachline Expressway. The project was canceled in 1991 after much local opposition. In 2010, CFX was attempting to keep the average toll to $0.11 per mile. Central Florida Expressway Authority
Florida State Highway System
The State Highway System of the U. S. state of Florida comprises the roads maintained by the Florida Department of Transportation or a toll authority. The components are referred to as state roads, abbreviated SR. State Roads are always numbered. Odd numbered roads run north-south, numbered roads run east-west. One- and two-digit numbers run in order from 2 in the north to 94 in the south, A1A in the east to 97 in the west; the major cross-state roads end in 0 and 5. Most routes of the form X00 are major diagonal routes. Other three-digit numbers are placed in horizontal bands based on the first digit: Three-digit numbers increase from east to west across the band; when the grid was first laid out in 1945, the rules were perfectly followed. However, over the years, as routes have been added, there has not always been room to follow the grid. Placements such as 112, 752, 602 are the most notable violations of the grid system; the Pensacola area has a collection of these "misplaced" street numbers. When FDOT added route numbers to a collection of Miami-Dade County streets in 1980, most of them received 9## designations regardless of the band that they occupied.
Every section of U. S. Highway and Interstate Highway has a State Road number assigned to it unsigned. In addition to some named toll roads some minor State Roads are unsigned. Prior to the 1945 renumbering, State Roads were given numbers in the order they were added to the system; the 1945 renumbering removed many roads that were never built and added some that had not existed prior to 1945. In 1955, the Florida Department of Transportation slowed down the addition of new state roads and began to classify roads into primary and local roads. Primary roads would continue to be state-maintained, while Secondary roads would have an S before the number, would only be state-maintained during a construction project. Local roads would be removed from the system. In 1977, FDOT changed the division of roads into state/county/local. Most secondary roads and some primary roads were given to the counties, a new state road was taken over; the secondary signs had the S changed to C and a small COUNTY sticker added to the bottom.
As signs grew old, they were replaced with the standard MUTCD county road pentagon. While this occurred throughout the State of Florida, the part of the state south of SR 70 was hit hard by the transition from State to County control and maintenance. In the early 1980s several state roads were renumbered; the trend seems to have been reversed since 2002 as new state road designations have been added as a result of construction of new highways, most notably in the Jacksonville and the Tampa-St. Petersburg metropolitan areas. While most state roads are contiguous, there is a relative handful of routes that have interruptions in their designations; the most famous of the set is SR A1A, which exists in seven separate pieces along the Atlantic coast from Fernandina Beach to Key West. State Road 2 has two sections separated by the State of Georgia; the western segment extends westward from Georgia 91 as it crosses the Chattahoochee River and has its western terminus at SR 81 near Sweet Gum Head. State Road 5 temporarily ends leaving Lake Worth, FL as its segment in West Palm Beach was relinquished to the city in the mid 2000s.
The route resumes at US 1's junction with Belvedere Road, where it runs concurrent with US 1 northbound. State Road 15 has two sections bridged by County Road 15 and US 192/441. SR 15 is only signed in Palm Beach County. For most of its route, SR 15 is an administrative FDOT designation for US 441 south of Holopaw, US 17 between Orlando and Jacksonville, US 1/23 north of Jacksonville; the two separate sections of SR 17 formed when US 27 was rerouted in Highlands County, where it passes through Avon Park and Sebring, in Polk County, from Haines City to Frostproof. Signed Alternate US 27, it is now signed as just SR 17. State Road 25 cosigns with US routes throughout most of its length, but departs and travels on its own road in Lake and Marion counties. However, all but less than half a mile of this road has been relinquished to the counties, interrupting SR 25. State Road 30 is gapped by Bay County Road 30 on Front Beach Road west of the Panama City Beach limits to the road's westbound cosign with US 98.
Three sections of State Road 44 exist. Two are connected in Lake County by US 441 and County Road 44; the third is isolated over the Halifax River in New Smyrna Beach due to a route relinquishment to the city. Trailblazers exist down the former route to direct motorists to the continuation of SR 44. State Road 54 has a gap in eastern Pasco County, between the western terminus of State Road 56 and Bruce B. Downs Boulevard in Wesley Chapel, it contains a former segment between 301 in Zephyrhills and US 98 in Polk County. There are two separate s
Interstate 195 (Florida)
Interstate 195 is a 4.4-mile-long spur freeway connecting I-95 in the west with Miami Beach in the east. It crosses Biscayne Bay by traveling over the Julia Tuttle Causeway, named after Miami founder Julia Tuttle, it is part of the longer State Road 112, which continues to the west as the Airport Expressway and to the east as Arthur Godfrey Road. As part of a pilot program, the Florida Department of Transportation has painted the shoulders as bike lanes east of US 1. Pedestrians are still prohibited. I-195 begins at the eastern end of the I-95 and SR 112 interchange, heading east with interchanges with Miami Avenue and U. S. Route 1 before heading onto the Julia Tuttle Causeway. At the eastern end of the causeway in Miami Beach, it has an interchange with SR 907 before terminating at the intersection of SR 907A and Arthur Goodfrey Road, about a mile west of SR A1A. On December 23, 1961, three signed roads along the route of SR 112 were opened: the 36th Street Tollway, I-195, I-195 Spur, along with a stretch of I-95 in Miami.
I-195 Spur was the surface portion of the west–east state road along Arthur Godfrey Road in Miami Beach, connecting I-195 and SR A1A east of the causeway. The I-195 Spur signs disappeared from the road shortly after the designation was decommissioned by the newly formed United States Department of Transportation in the late 1960s. Famously, in early 1975, the rhythm of their car on this road was the inspiration for the Bee Gees' song "Jive Talkin'"; the entire route is in Miami-Dade County. Jive Talkin' Julia Tuttle Causeway sex offender colony Media related to Interstate 195 at Wikimedia Commons FDOT GIS data Florida @ SouthEastRoads - Interstate 195 and Florida 112