Beverly Gardens Park
Beverly Gardens Park is a public park in Beverly Hills, California. The land is built on a portion of Rancho Rodeo de las Aguas, it was opened in 1911. Beverly Gardens Park is 22 block long and stretches along Santa Monica Boulevard in Beverly Hills, California for 1.9 miles. It was designed by landscape architect Ralph D. Cornell; the park serves to provide a lengthy green swath between the northern residential area and the commercial sections of the city. It features a two-mile jogging path, many hundred-year-old cypress and ficus trees, gardens and the big, iconic Beverly Hills Sign, a re-creation of the original arching, lighted historic sign, built near the city's center; the semiannual art fair, The Beverly Hills Art Show, is held on the park's central blocks, during the third weekend of every May and the third weekend of each October. 250 artists from around Los Angeles and throughout the United States are selected to display work, up to 50,000 patrons attend throughout the weekend. A permanent collection of Public Art includes the Electric Fountain at the far west end of the linear park, at the intersection of Santa Monica and Wilshire Boulevards.
Near Rodeo Drive stands a sculpture of psychedelic tulips by Yayoi Kusama, called Hymn to Life and produced in the art department at Ironwood by Mat McKim and Nick Petronzio. Other contemporary public art by sculptors such as Barry Flanagan, Tony Smith and Magdalena Abramovicz are installed on the garden grounds in the vicinity of Beverly Hills City Hall. Historic fountains, historic arbors, specialty gardens devoted to roses, cacti and palms are visible to drivers and pedestrians along the north side of Santa Monica Boulevard, from Doheny Drive to Whittier Drive. Homepage Yahoo Travel guide Seeing Stars
California Institute of the Arts
The California Institute of the Arts is a private university in Santa Clarita, California. It was incorporated in 1961 as the first degree-granting institution of higher learning in the United States created for students of both the visual and performing arts, it offers Bachelor of Fine Arts, Master of Fine Arts, Master of Arts, Doctor of Musical Arts degrees in six schools: Art, Critical Studies, Film/Video and Theater. The school was first envisioned by many benefactors in the early 1960s, staffed by a diverse array of professionals. CalArts students develop their own work, over which they retain control and copyright, in a workshop atmosphere. CalArts was formed in 1961, as a merger of the Chouinard Art Institute and the Los Angeles Conservatory of Music. Both of the existing institutions were going through financial difficulties around the same time, the founder of the Art Institute, Nelbert Chouinard, was mortally ill; the professional relationship between Madame Chouinard and Walt Disney began in 1929 when Disney had no money and Madame Chouinard agreed to train Disney's first animators on a pay-later basis.
It was through the vision of Disney, who discovered and trained many of his studio artists at Chouinard, that the merger of the two institutions was coordinated. Joining him were his brother Roy O. Disney, Lulu Von Hagen and Thornton Ladd, of the Los Angeles Conservatory of Music; the original board of trustess at CalArts included Harrison Price, Royal Clark, Robert W. Corrigan, Roy E. Disney, Roy O. Disney, film producer Z. Wayne Griffin, H. R. Haldeman, Ralph Hetzel, Chuck Jones, Ronald Miller, Millard Sheets, attorney Maynard Toll, attorney Luther Reese Marr, bank executive G. Robert Truex Jr. Jerry Wexler, Meredith Willson, Peter McBean and Scott Newhall. In 1965, the Alumni Association was founded as a nonprofit organization and was governed by a 12-member board of directors to serve the best interests of the institute and its programs. Members included leading professional artists and musicians, who contributed their knowledge and skill to strengthen the institute; the 12 founding board of directors members were Mary Costa, Edith Head, Gale Storm, Marc Davis, Tony Duquette, Harold Grieve, John Hench, Chuck Jones, Henry Mancini, Marty Paich, Nelson Riddle and Millard Sheets.
The ground-breaking for CalArts' current campus took place May 3, 1969. However, construction of the new campus was hampered by torrential rains, labor troubles and the earthquake in 1971. CalArts moved to its present campus in the Valencia section of the city of Santa Clarita, California in November 1971. From the beginning, CalArts was plagued by the tensions between its art and trade school functions as well as between the non-commercial aspirations of the students and faculty and the conservative interests of the Disney family and trustees; the founding board of trustees planned on creating CalArts as a school in an entertainment complex, a destination like Disneyland, a feeder school for the industry. Such a model is exemplified in the 1941 Disney film The Reluctant Dragon. In an ironic turn of fate, they appointed Robert W. Corrigan as the first president of the Institute. Corrigan, former dean of the School of Arts at New York University fired all the artists and teachers from Chouinard in his attempt to remake CalArts into his personal vision.
Herbert Blau was hired as the Institute's dean of the School of Theater and Dance. Subsequently, Blau was instrumental in hiring a number of professionals like Mel Powell, Paul Brach, Alexander Mackendrick, sociologist Maurice R. Stein, Richard Farson, as well as other influential program heads and teachers such as Stephan von Huene, Allan Kaprow, Bella Lewitzky, Michael Asher, Jules Engel, John Baldessari, Judy Chicago, Ravi Shankar, Max Kozloff, Miriam Shapiro, Douglas Huebler, Morton Subotnick, Norman M. Klein and Nam June Paik most of whom came from a counterculture and avant-garde side of the art world; the fundamental principles established at the Institute by Blau and Corrigan included ideas like “no technique in advance of need,” and that a curriculum should be cyclical rather than sequential, returning to root principles at regular intervals, that “we’re a community of artists here, some of us called faculty and some called students."Corrigan held his position until 1972, when he was replaced by William S. Lund, a Disney son-in-law.
Within a month of Lund's tenure as president, 55 of CalArts' 325 faculty and staff were fired. Structured schedules were introduced. Classes were trimmed back and, within a year, the Institute was operating on budget; some credit Lund with saving CalArts. Others see his tenure as the end of an idealistic experiment. In 1975, Robert J. Fitzpatrick was appointed new president of CalArts. Holding this position for 12 years, in 1987 Fitzpatrick resigned as president to head Euro Disney in Paris. Nicholas England, former dean of the School of Music, was appointed acting president. One year Steven Lavine, associate director for arts and humanities at the Rockefeller Foundation, was named new president. On June
Millennium Biltmore Hotel
The Millennium Biltmore Hotel named the Los Angeles Biltmore Hotel of the Biltmore Hotels group, is a luxury hotel located across the street from Pershing Square in Downtown Los Angeles, California, US. Upon its grand opening in 1923, the Los Angeles Biltmore was the largest hotel west of Chicago, Illinois in the United States. In 1969 the Biltmore Hotel was designated a Los Angeles Historic-Cultural Monument by the City of Los Angeles. Regal Hotels purchased the Biltmore in 1996, sold it in 1999 to Millennium & Copthorne Hotels; as of 2009, the Los Angeles Biltmore is operated as part of the Millennium & Copthorne Hotels chain as the Millennium Biltmore Hotel. The hotel has 70,000 square feet of banquet space. From its original 1500 guestrooms it now has 683, due to room reorganization; the architectural firm Schultze & Weaver designed the Biltmore's exterior in a synthesis of the Spanish-Italian Renaissance Revival, Mediterranean Revival, Beaux Arts styles, meant as an homage to the Castilian heritage of Los Angeles.
The "Biltmore Angel" is incorporated into the design—as a symbol of the city as well as the Biltmore itself. With a thick steel and concrete frame, the structure takes up half a city block and rises over 11 stories; the interiors of the Biltmore Hotel are decorated with: murals. Most notable are the frescoed mural ceilings in the main Galleria and the Crystal Ballroom, which were hand painted in 1922 by Italian artist Giovanni Smeraldi, known for his work in the Vatican and the White House. Smeraldi and his team famously painted the ballroom's colorful, seamless fresco over a period of seven months, decorating it with figures of Greek and Roman gods, angels and other mythological creatures, it was meticulously restored in the 1980s by Anthony Heinsbergen. The imported Austrian crystal chandeliers that adorn it are 12 feet in diameter; the Rendezvous Court, once the hotel's lobby but now used for afternoon tea, is decorated with a Moorish Revival styled plaster ceiling painted with 24 Carat Gold accents, two original imported Italian chandeliers from 1923, a grand Spanish Baroque Revival bronze doorway, whose astrological clock still keeps time today.
Two figures appear on the stairwell front—on the left is the Roman goddess of agriculture Ceres, while on the right is the Spanish explorer Vasco Núñez de Balboa. The current lobby at the hotel's Grand Avenue entrance still has its original travertine walls and oak paneling as well as the large artificial skylighted ceiling, reflected in the custom carpet below; each ballroom on the Galleria level is themed either after the room's original function or the hotel's overall California-heritage premise. The Emerald Room was once the hotel's main guest dining room; the Tiffany Room was an open corridor used as a drop-off point for Crystal Ballroom functions. Now enclosed, the elegant space centers around exploration, with relief sculptures and panels depicting Queen Isabella I of Castile, Christopher Columbus and other Spanish New World explorers; the split-level Gold Room, once a dining room for elite guests, features Prohibition-era hidden liquor compartments and panels along the ceiling for press photographers to take pictures of the event below.
It is decorated with a gold cast-plaster ceiling, hand-oiled wood paneling, nine mirrored windows along three sides. The South Galleria is painted with floral friezes inspired by the decor of ancient Roman Pompeii, features a vaulted ceiling, marble balustrades and heavy Roman piers. Gold-painted wrought iron gates open to a staircase leading down to the Biltmore Bowl. Of interest is the hotel's health club and indoor pool, modeled after the decks of 1920s luxury ocean liners. Solid brass trim on windows and railings, teakwood deck chairs and hand-laid Italian mosaic tile on the walls and in the pool are original. In 2015, four restaurants and bars serve the hotel, including Smeraldi's Restaurant, newly relaunched Bugis Street Brasserie, the Rendezvous Court, the Gallery Bar; the Los Angeles Biltmore is known for being an early home to the Academy Award Ceremony for the Oscars. The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences was founded at a luncheon banquet in the Crystal Ballroom in May 1927, when guests such as Louis B. Mayer met to discuss plans for the new organization and presenting achievement awards to colleagues in their industry.
Legend has it that MGM art director Cedric Gibbons, in attendance grabbed a linen Biltmore napkin and sketched the design for the Oscar statue on it. Eight Oscar ceremonies were held in the Biltmore Bowl during the Academy's early years of 1931, 1935–39, 1941-42. In 1977 Bob Hope hosted the Academy's 50th Anniversary banquet in the same room; the Biltmore Theater was situated at the corner of 5th and Grand from 1924–1967, now the Biltmore Court & Tower location. Will Rogers emceed the opening of the theater in 1924, which ran plays starring luminaries such as Katharine Hepburn, Henry Fonda, Mae West until its closure in 1967. In 1929, Germany's Graf Zeppelin airship soared over the hotel on its round-the-world voyage, sponsored by newspaper magnate William Randolph Hearst. Crew and passengers were fed by Biltmore culinary staff, who replenished their on-board supplies. During World War II, the Biltmore served as a military rest and recreat
Ballona Creek is an 8.8-mile-long waterway in southwestern Los Angeles County, whose watershed drains the Los Angeles basin, from the Santa Monica Mountains on the north, the Harbor Freeway on the east, the Baldwin Hills on the south. It heads in the historical Rancho Las Cienegas and flows through Culver City and the Del Rey district before emptying into Santa Monica Bay between Marina del Rey and the Playa del Rey district. During the Pre-Columbian era, Tongva people existed as hunters and gatherers in small villages throughout the Ballona Creek watershed and other parts of the Los Angeles basin. Native American culture and land management practice was disrupted by the arrival of Spanish explorers. In 1769, the Tongva met their first Europeans. Continuing west after crossing the Los Angeles River, diarist Fray Juan Crespi noted that the party "came across a grove of large alders...from which flows a stream of water... The water flowed afterwards in a deep channel towards the southwest". Researchers identified the place as the headwaters of Ballona Creek.
The explorers made camp nearby on August 3. Around 1820, a mestizo rancher named Augustine Machado began grazing his cattle on the Ballona wetlands and claimed a fourteen-thousand acre Mexican land grant that stretched from modern-day Culver City to Pico Boulevard in Santa Monica, California. Ballona Creek and Lagoon are named for the Ballona or Paseo de las Carretas land grant, dated November 27, 1839; the Machado and Talamantes families, co-grantees of the rancho, heralded from Baiona in northern Spain. After the land grant claims were lost, the area experienced rapid growth, with open land being transformed into agricultural use; the Ballona Creek watershed totals about 130 square miles. Its land use consists of 64% residential, 8% commercial, 4% industrial, 17% open space; the major tributaries to the Ballona Creek and Estuary include Centinela Creek, Sepulveda Canyon Channel and Benedict Canyon Channel. At the time of Spanish settlement, the Los Angeles River turned to the west just south of present-day Bunker Hill, joining Ballona Creek just to the west of its current channel.
However, during a major flood in 1825, the Los Angeles River's course changed to its present channel, Ballona Creek became a distinct waterway. Much of the above-ground section of the creek was lined with concrete as part of the flood-control project undertaken by the United States Army Corps of Engineers following the Los Angeles Flood of 1938. Ballona Creek Watershed climate can be characterized as Mediterranean with average annual rainfall of 15 inches per year over most of the developed portions of the watershed; the flow rate in the Creek varies from a trickle flow of about 14 cubic feet per second during dry weather to 71,400 cubic feet per second during a 50-year storm event. Ballona Wetlands and Del Rey Lagoon are connected to the Ballona Estuary through tide gates. From northern source to southern mouth: Begins at South Cochran Avenue South Burnside Avenue Hauser Boulevard Thurman Avenue South Fairfax Avenue Interstate 10 La Cienega Boulevard Washington Boulevard National Boulevard north Expo Line National Boulevard south Higuera Street Duquesne Avenue Overland Avenue Westwood Boulevard Sepulveda Boulevard Sawtelle Boulevard Interstate 405 - San Diego Freeway Sepulveda Channel enters Inglewood Boulevard South Centinela Avenue State Route 90 Centinela Creek enters Lincoln Boulevard/State Route 1 Culver Boulevard Pacific Avenue The historic wetland complex at the mouth of Ballona Creek occupied about 2000 acres.
Although much of it was drained and developed, a portion remains protected. The State of California owns 600 acres of the former wetlands. Much of these preserved lands are designated as the Ballona Wetlands Ecological Reserve and despite historic degradation, conditions are improving. Wetland flora includes pickleweed, marsh heather, saltgrass and glasswort, a variety of upland and exotic species including brome, iceplant and ryegrass. Bird species of special interest observed in the reserve include nesting pairs of Belding's Savannah sparrow and foraging use by California least terns; the urbanization of the watershed, associated with it the pollution of urban runoff and stormwater, has degraded the water quality in Ballona Creek and its Estuary. Ballona Creek is listed by the Los Angeles Regional Water Quality Control Board impaired for fecal coliform, heavy metals, pesticides. Dry weather urban runoff and storm water, both conveyed by storm drains, are the primary sources of pollutions in the Creek.
Many national, historical and cultural landmarks, tourist attractions, educational institutions and industries exist in Ballona Creek Watershed. With year-round Mediterranean climate, the area attracts immigrants and visitors from all over the world making Ballona Creek Watershed a vibrant melting pot of culture. A bike path that extends seven miles from National Boulevard in Culver City to the end of Ballona Creek Estuary provides oppo
Village Green, Los Angeles
Village Green named Baldwin Hills Village, is a neighborhood at the foot of Baldwin Hills, within the city of Los Angeles, California. The neighborhood consists of a large condominium complex, both a Los Angeles Historic-Cultural Monument and a National Historic Landmark. Designed in the late 1930s and built out by 1942, it is one of the oldest planned communities of its type in the nation. Village Green is located between Rodeo Road and Coliseum Street, between Hauser Blvd. and west of La Brea Avenue, in the northwestern South Los Angeles region. The Baldwin Village neighborhood is just east of La Brea Avenue; the site design consists of outer vehicular circulation roads, with spur roadways between some of the buildings of the complex. At its center is an elongated oval greensward and crossed by paved walkways. Smaller garden courts extend outward from the central area between the residence buildings; the spur roads provide access to garage buildings, which historically housed access to common facilities such as laundry rooms.
The residences are one or two story frame structures finished in plaster, with the living units organized so that the living room and master bedroom face one of the garden spaces. The Baldwin Hills Village complex was built in 1942 as one of the most ambitiously planned communities in Los Angeles at the time, with 627 apartments grouped in buildings on a large landscaped site; the Modernist Garden city style complex, which encompassed 627 units, was designed by architect Reginald D. Johnson, consulting architect Clarence S. Stein, with the firm of Wilson, Merill & Alexander, landscape architect Fred Barlow, Jr. in the "" style. The units have more than two bedrooms, tend to attract seniors and younger professionals as residents; as one of the first such establishments, the Village Green was designed with the requirements of car-owners in mind. As Baldwin Hills Village, Village Green was declared a Los Angeles Historic-Cultural Monuments in 1977, listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1993, a National Historic Landmark historic district in 2001.
List of National Historic Landmarks in California National Register of Historic Places listings in Los Angeles, California List of Los Angeles Historic-Cultural Monuments in South Los Angeles Village Green Owners Association Web Site baldwinhillsvillageandthevillagegreen.blogspot.com
Bunker Hill, Los Angeles
Bunker Hill is a historic prominence that traditionally separated Downtown Los Angeles from the rest of the city to the west before the hill was tunneled through at Second Street in 1924. In the late 20th century, the hill was lowered in elevation, the entire area was redeveloped to supplant old frame and concrete buildings with modern high-rises and other structures for residences, commerce and education. In 1867, two wealthy developers, Prudent Beaudry, a French-Canadian Immigrant, Stephen Mott purchased a majority of the hill's land. Beaudry's land purchase ranged from present time Hill St. to Olive St. and 4th St. and 2nd St. Mott's land purchase ranged between 4th St. to Temple and Figueroa and Grand. Because of the hill's excellent views of the Los Angeles Basin and the Los Angeles River, he knew that it would make for an opulent subdivision. Beaudry employed surveyor George Hansom to help divide up the land into 80 plots to sell to individual buyers. Beaudry's started to build his house on the top of a modest two-story structure.
He needed the infrastructure set up to reach the top such as the water pipes. He asked the Los Angeles Water Company. Due to the nature of the hill and their initial concerns about the plan they denied his plea; as result, he built his own pipes and formed the Canal and Reservoir Company He developed the peak of Bunker Hill with lavish two-story Victorian houses that became famous as homes for the upper-class residents of Los Angeles. The dominant architecture of the community of the houses of Bunker Hill was Queen Anne and Eastlake style; the geography of the Hill allowed these residents to escape the hustle and bustle of the city as it grew around at the flatland at the bottom of the hill. Some notable residents during these times are: Prudent Beaudry - 13th Mayor of Los Angeles, developer of Bunker Hill L. J. Rose: Arrived from Iowa, due to the death of his son to serious bronchial trouble during a harsh winter. Wine maker and entrepreneur Dr. Edmund Hildreth: Retired Clergyman from Chicago D.
F. Donigan: Self-made man. Owned his own contracting business, the contractor for the construction of the first railroad which led from Los Angeles to Pasadena, he became an indispensable adviser to Beaudry when it came to beginning the development of Bunker Hill in its early stages. Colonel Louis W. Bradbury and his wife - Made their fortune from a silver mine in Southern California. Original owner of the Bradbury Building in Downtown LA Judge Robert M. Widney - Founder of University of Southern California. Helped create the first transportation for the residents up a horse-drawn carriage. After the introduction of the horse carriage to the Bunker Hill neighborhood, the iconic Angel's Flight was proposed. Angel's Flight, now dubbed "The World's Shortest Railway", took residents homeward from the bottom of the 33% grade and down again. Colonel J. W. Eddy petitioned the Los Angeles City Council to establish an electric cable railway, approved ten days signed by the mayor at the time, Meredith P. Snyder.
The first railways, established and operational was on Third St, from Hill st. to Olive st. A residential suburb, Bunker Hill retained its exclusive character through the end of World War I. Around the 1920s and the 1930s, with the advent of the Pacific Electric Railway and the construction of the freeway, the increased urban growth fed by an extensive streetcar system, its wealthy residents began leaving for enclaves Westward in Beverly Hills and Pasadena. Bunker Hill's houses were subdivided to accommodate renters. Still, Bunker Hill was at this time "Los Angeles's most crowded and urban neighborhood". By World War II, the Pasadena Freeway, built to bring shoppers downtown, was taking more residents out. Additional postwar freeway construction left downtown comparatively empty of both people and services; the once-grand Victorian mansions of Bunker Hill became the home of impoverished pensioners. These tenements became more prominent, apartment buildings started being built on alongside these houses.
As more and more people crowded into these cheap housing units, the population of the hill increased 19%. The increase was due to these new residents that landed on the lower income spectrum, which had moved into the existing living accommodations; as the once extravagant and elaborate Victorian buildings began to fade and deteriorate, the community had an uptake of crime which led to the community being called blighted and the slums of downtown Los Angeles. This led the district to gain its notoriety in the genre of Film Noir. In 1955, Los Angeles city planners decided that Bunker Hill required a massive slum clearance project. There were a couple of major political events which led to the "removal of the blight" and redevelopment of Bunker hill; the California Community Redevelopment Law of 1945, the Federal Housing Act of 1946 and 1949, the creation of the Community Redevelopment Agency in 1948, the Bunker Hill Urban Renewal Project in 1959. The California Community Redevelopment law of 1945 allowed counties and cities to create and implement these agencies to help deal with the redevelopment of local cities.
Until 2011, these Agencies held much power and were still around, until Governor Jerry Brown signed into law two bills to dissolve them. Along with those political factors, other things which led to the conclusion of the blighted neighborhood came from some of the government offices; the LAPD called the area a "high frequency crime area", due to the fact that the area's apartments catered to known offenders. The Health department of Los Angeles called the area a health hazard for its city, it wasn't until the CRA had won an ongoing court case agai
Andalusia (Los Angeles, California)
Andalusia is an apartment building located in Hollywood, Los Angeles, built in 1926 in Spanish Colonial Revival style. The building was listed in the National Register of Historic Places in 2003. Architects Arthur and Nina Zwebell designed the structure, said to be turned inward to a richly landscaped interior courtyard; the building is located in a historic neighborhood across Sunset Boulevard from the Chateau Marmont. The same block of Havenhurst Drive includes two other apartment buildings listed on the National Register of Historic Places: Colonial House and Ronda. List of Registered Historic Places in Los Angeles