Lancaster County, Pennsylvania
Lancaster County locally, sometimes nicknamed the Garden Spot of America or Pennsylvania Dutch Country, is a county located in the south central part of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. As of the 2010 census, the population was 519,445, its county seat is Lancaster. Lancaster County comprises the Lancaster, Metropolitan Statistical Area and is a part of Philadelphia's Designated Media Market; the County of Lancaster is a popular tourist destination, with its Amish community a major attraction. The "Dutch" of Pennsylvania Dutch is the English form of Düütsch, the Low German cognate of Standard German Deutsch and Pennsylvania Dutch Deitsch; the ancestors of the Amish began to immigrate to colonial Pennsylvania in the early 18th century to take advantage of the religious freedom offered by William Penn. They were attracted by the area's rich soil and mild climate. Attracted to promises of religious freedom, French Huguenots fleeing religious persecution settled this area in 1710. There were significant numbers of English and Ulster Scots.
The area that became Lancaster County was part of William Penn's 1681 charter. John Kennerly received the first recorded deed from Penn in 1691. Although Matthias Kreider was said to have been in the area as early as 1691, there is no evidence that any Europeans settled in Lancaster County before 1710. Lancaster County was part of Chester County, Pennsylvania until May 10, 1729, when it was organized as colony's fourth county, it was named after the city of Lancaster in the county of Lancashire in England, the native home of John Wright, an early settler. As settlement increased, six other counties were subsequently formed from territory directly taken, in all or in part, from Lancaster County: Berks, Dauphin, Lebanon and York. Many other counties were in turn formed from these six. Indigenous peoples had occupied the areas along the waterways for thousands of years, established varying cultures. Historic Native American tribes in the area at the time of European encounter included the Shawnee, Gawanese and Nanticoke peoples, who were from different language families and had distinct cultures.
Among the earliest recorded inhabitants of the Susquehanna River valley were the Iroquoian-speaking Susquehannock, whose name was derived from the Lenape term for "Oyster River People". The English called them the Conestoga, after the name of their principal village, Gan'ochs'a'go'jat'ga, anglicized as "Conestoga." Other places occupied by the Susquehannock were Ka'ot'sch'ie'ra, where present-day Chickisalunga developed, Gasch'guch'sa, now called Conewago Falls, Lancaster County. Other Native tribes, as well as early European settlers, considered the Susquehannock a mighty nation, experts in war and trade, they were beaten only by the combined power of the Five Nation Iroquois Confederacy, after colonial Maryland withdrew its support. After 1675, the Susquehannock were absorbed by the Iroquois. A handful were settled at "New Conestoga," located along the south bank of the Conestoga River in Conestoga Township of the county, they helped staff an Iroquois consulate to the English in Virginia. By the 1720s, the colonists considered the Conestoga Indians as a "civilized" or "friendly tribe," having been converted in large part to Christianity, speaking English as a second language, making brooms and baskets for sale, naming children after their favorite neighbors.
The outbreak of Pontiac's War in the summer of 1763, coupled with the ineffective policies of the provincial government, aroused widespread settler suspicion and hatred against all Indians in the frontier counties, without distinguishing among hostile and friendly peoples. On December 14, 1763, the Paxton Boys, led by Matthew Smith and Capt. Lazarus Stewart, attacked Conestoga, killing the six Indians present, burning all the houses. Officials sheltered the tribe's fourteen survivors in protective custody in the county jail, but the Paxton Boys returned on December 27, broke into the jail, massacred the remaining natives; the lack of effective government control and widespread sympathy in the frontier counties for the murderers meant they were never discovered or brought to justice. Pennsylvania had a longstanding dispute with Maryland about the southern border of the province and Lancaster County. Nine years of armed clashes accompanied the Maryland-Pennsylvania boundary dispute, which began soon after the 1730 establishment of Wright's Ferry across the Susquehanna River.
Lord Baltimore believed. This was the town of Willow Street, Pennsylvania; this line of demarcation would have resulted in Philadelphia's being included in Maryland. New settlers began to cross the Susquehanna. In 1730, the Wright's Ferry services were licensed and begun. Starting in mid-1730, Thomas Cresap, acting as an agent of Lord Baltimore, began confiscating the newly settled farms near present-day Peach Bottom and Columbia, Pennsylvania. Believing he controlled this land under his grant, Lord Baltimore wanted the income from the lands, he believed he had a defensible claim established on the west bank of the Susquehanna since 1721, that his demesne and grant
Columbia County, Pennsylvania
Columbia County is a county located in the U. S. state of Pennsylvania. As of the 2010 census, the population was 67,295, its county seat is Bloomsburg. The county was created on March 22, 1813, from part of Northumberland County and named for Columbia, a poetic name for the United States that alludes to Christopher Columbus. Columbia County is part of PA Metropolitan Statistical Area. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 490 square miles, of which 483 square miles is land and 7.1 square miles is water. The southern tip of Columbia County is part of the Coal Region; the area of the county from the Susquehanna River south to several miles south of Numidia is farmland and state game lands. Around the Susquehanna River, there are several communities, such as Catawissa. From the Susquehanna River north as far as Waller, the county is farmland with several patches of forest. North of Waller, the county is state game lands and mountains; the major streams in Columbia County are the Susquehanna River, Fishing Creek, Briar Creek, Catawissa Creek, Roaring Creek.
Note: Only mountains higher than 1,500 feet are listed Source: I-80 US 11 PA 42 PA 44 PA 54 PA 61 PA 93 PA 118 PA 239 PA 254 PA 339 PA 442 PA 487 PA 642 Sullivan County Luzerne County Schuylkill County Northumberland County Montour County Lycoming County Part of Ricketts Glen State Park is in the northern portion of Columbia County. As of the census of 2000, there were 64,151 people, 24,915 households, 16,568 families residing in the county; the population density was 132 people per square mile. There were 27,733 housing units at an average density of 57 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 97.59% White, 0.80% Black or African-American, 0.15% Native American, 0.52% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.33% from other races, 0.58% from two or more races. 0.95% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 33.2% were of German, 10.0% American, 9.4% Irish, 8.1% Italian, 6.7% Polish and 6.2% English ancestry. There were 24,915 households out of which 27.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.80% were married couples living together, 8.70% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.50% were non-families.
26.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.80% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 2.90. In the county, the population was spread out with 20.80% under the age of 18, 14.30% from 18 to 24, 25.90% from 25 to 44, 23.10% from 45 to 64, 15.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 90.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.80 males. The United States Office of Management and Budget has designated Columbia County as the Bloomsburg-Berwick, PA Metropolitan Statistical Area; as of the 2010 census the metropolitan area ranked 20th most populous in the State of Pennsylvania and the 368th most populous in the United States with a population of 82,562. Columbia County is a part of the larger Bloomsburg-Berwick-Sunbury, PA Combined Statistical Area, which combines the populations of Columbia County as well as Montour, Northumberland and Union Counties in Pennsylvania.
The Combined Statistical Area ranked 8th in the State of Pennsylvania and 115th most populous in the United States with a population of 264,739. As of November 2011, there were 41,026 registered voters in Columbia County. Democratic: 20,961 Republican: 19,438 Other Parties: 6,853 While the county registration tends to be evenly matched between Democrats and Republicans, the county trends Republican in statewide elections. While John McCain received 51.6% of its vote to 47.1% for Barack Obama, this was a far-closer margin than the 20 points that George W. Bush carried it by in 2004; each of the three row-office statewide winners carried Columbia in 2008. In 2006, Democrat Bob Casey Jr. received 51% of its vote when he unseated incumbent Republican US Senator Rick Santorum and Ed Rendell received 50.6% of the vote against Lynn Swann. For many years Columbia County was represented in the State House by a conservative Democrat in the 109th district until John Gordner changed parties to Republican in 2001.
He was succeeded by Republican David R. Millard. Columbia is in 11th Congressional district. Bloomsburg University of Pennsylvania Benton Area School District Berwick Area School District Bloomsburg Area School District Central Columbia School District Millville Area School District Mount Carmel Area School District North Schuylkill School District Southern Columbia Area School District Columbia-Montour Area Vocational-Technical School SusQ Cyber Charter School - Bloomsburg Bald Hill School - Millville Bloomsburg Christian School - Bloomsburg Bloomsburg University Special Education Institute Columbia Co Christian School - Bloomsburg Greenwood Friends School - Millville Heritage Christian Academy - Berwick Holy Family Consolidate - Berwick Keystone National High School - Bloomsburg New Story - Berwick Pennsylvania Institute For Conservation Education - Bloomsburg Rainbow Hill School - Benton St Columba School - Bloomsburg Saint Matthews - Bloomsburg Turkey Ridge School - Bloomsburg Bloomsburg Public Library Columbia County Traveling Library McBride Memorial Library Orangeville Public Library Under Pennsylvania law, there are four types of incorporated municipalities: cities
Aspinwall is a borough on the Allegheny River in Allegheny County, United States, is part of the Pittsburgh Metro Area. In 1900, 1,231 people resided in Aspinwall, that number rose to 2,592 in 1910, 3,170 by 1920; the population was 2,801 at the 2010 census. Aspinwall is located at 40°29′35″N 79°54′11″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough has a total area of 0.4 square miles, of which 0.3 square miles is land and 0.04 square miles is water. Its average elevation is 758 feet above sea level. Aspinwall is bordered by Sharpsburg to the west and O'Hara Township to the northwest and east. Adjacent to Aspinwall across the Allegheny River to the south are the Pittsburgh neighborhoods of Highland Park and the southern section of Lincoln-Lemington-Belmar. In the mid-1880s, the area, now Aspinwall was owned by the descendants of James Ross, but as the steel industry was thriving in Pittsburgh, Henry Warner, superintendent of the Allegheny County Workhouse, had the idea of creating a residential community along the bank of a river.
Warner traveled to New York to discuss the idea with Annie Aspinwall. He purchased 155 acres of land from her and formed the Aspinwall Land Company in 1890. Pittsburghers from the upper-middle class, purchased lots from the 60 available home sites. By 1890, the town had 400 residents; the existing government of O'Hara Township was having difficulty providing services to the growing area and, in 1892, 40 residents of the new community signed a petition requesting incorporation as "The Borough of Aspinwall, a self-governing unit."Aspinwall was incorporated as a borough on December 28, 1892, from O'Hara Township. Aspinwall was served by Pittsburgh Railways streetcar service 94 Aspinwall from c.1910 until November 12, 1960, when the service was discontinued on the closure of the 62nd Street Sharpsburg Bridge. This was replaced by the Senator Robert D. Fleming Bridge. From 1893 to 1905, Aspinwall developed in three phases, beginning with the area closest to the Allegheny River. On September 25, 1905, a group of Aspinwall residents purchased 200 acres from the Delafield Plan and annexed this additional land to the borough.
Early recreational facilities in the borough included tennis courts and water fountains. During World War I, the Patriots Committee of Aspinwall purchased wristwatches from a watch factory in Canton, which they presented to the 164 Aspinwall men entering the service. Aspinwall held their own victory memorial service for the soldiers of their borough; as of the census of 2000, there were 2,960 people, 1,499 households, 728 families residing in the borough. The population density was 8,904.9 people per square mile. There were 1,584 housing units at an average density of 4,765.3 per square mile. The racial makeup of the borough was 98.11% White, 0.27% African American, 0.03% Native American, 0.91% Asian, 0.17% from other races, 0.51% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.01% of the population. There were 1,499 households, out of which 18.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 38.3% were married couples living together, 8.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 51.4% were non-families.
46.0% of all households were made up of individuals, 15.9% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.97 and the average family size was 2.84. In the borough the population was spread out, with 18.3% under the age of 18, 5.3% from 18 to 24, 34.1% from 25 to 44, 23.1% from 45 to 64, 19.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 76.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 73.4 males. The median income for a household in the borough was $41,993, the median income for a family was $58,750. Males had a median income of $45,231 versus $34,180 for females; the per capita income for the borough was $31,344. About 6.6% of families and 5.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.1% of those under age 18 and 10.0% of those age 65 or over. Moe Barr, former NBA player Philip Beard, novelist Robert Lepper and Carnegie Mellon University professor Frederick C. Sauer, architect Borough of Aspinwall official website Aspinwall History Aspinwall High School History Aspinwall Volunteer Fire Department Fox Chapel Area School District
Ashley is a borough in Luzerne County, one mile from Wilkes Barre. The population was 2,790 at the 2010 census. Ashley was first settled in 1830. Forty years in 1870, it was incorporated as a borough, it was a productive coal mining town well into the twentieth century, reaching its peak population of 7,039 in 1930. The Huber Breaker, built in 1939 to process coal from several local collieries, ceased operating in 1976, was demolished in 2014. Ashley is located at 41°12′51″N 75°53′58″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough has a total area of 0.9 square miles, all of it land. Most of the homes and businesses are located in the western sections of Ashley. Hanover Township encircles the borough. Ashley is served by the Hanover Area School District. Interstate 81 and Pennsylvania Route 309 run through the southern portions of the town; as of the census of 2000, there were 2,866 people, 1,245 households, 783 families residing in the borough. The population density was 3,105.2 people per square mile.
There were 1,386 housing units at an average density of 1,501.7 per square mile. The racial makeup of the borough was 98.46% White, 0.38% African American, 0.03% Native American, 0.24% Asian, 0.10% from other races, 0.77% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.42% of the population. There were 1,245 households, out of which 25.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.1% were married couples living together, 14.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 37.1% were non-families. 33.4% of all households were made up of individuals, 16.4% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.30 and the average family size was 2.94. In the borough the population was spread out, with 21.5% under the age of 18, 7.5% from 18 to 24, 27.9% from 25 to 44, 23.6% from 45 to 64, 19.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 87.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.3 males.
The median income for a household in the borough was $30,592, the median income for a family was $37,266. Males had a median income of $32,083 versus $20,378 for females; the per capita income for the borough was $17,676. About 8.8% of families and 10.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.0% of those under age 18 and 9.6% of those age 65 or over. Since the census of 2000 there has been a -5.9% population change resulting in a total population of 2,684 consisting of 1,252 males and 1,432 females as of July 2007. The population density is 2,908 people per square mile; the current racial makeup is white, non-Hispanic with a 98.2%. The median resident age is 40.1 years. The estimated median household income is $37,869. Eusebius J. Beltran, Archbishop of Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Oklahoma City Thomas Chrostwaite, educator Russell Johnson, including It Came from Outer Space and This Island Earth.
Chester County, Pennsylvania
Chester County is a county in the U. S. state of Pennsylvania. As of the 2010 census, the population was 498,886, increasing by 4.1% to a census-estimated 519,293 residents as of 2017. The county seat is West Chester. Chester County was one of the three original Pennsylvania counties created by William Penn in 1682, it was named for England. Chester County is part of the Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD Metropolitan Statistical Area. Eastern Chester County is home to many communities that comprise part of the Main Line western suburbs of Philadelphia, while part of its southernmost portion is considered suburban Wilmington, along with southwest Delaware County. Philadelphia and Chester were the three Pennsylvania counties created by William Penn on August 24, 1682. At that time, Chester County's borders were Philadelphia County to the north, the ill-defined western edge of the colony to the west, the Delaware River to the east, Delaware and Maryland to the south. Chester County replaced the Pennsylvania portion of New Netherland/New York’s "Upland", eliminated when Pennsylvania was chartered on March 4, 1681, but did not cease to exist until June of that year.
Much of the Welsh Tract was in eastern Chester County, Welsh place names, given by early settlers, continue to predominate there. The fourth county in the state, Lancaster County, was formed from Chester County on May 10, 1729. On March 11, 1752, Berks County was formed from the northern section of Chester County, as well as parts of Lancaster and Philadelphia counties; the original Chester County seat was the City of Chester, a center of naval shipbuilding, at the eastern edge of the county. In an effort to accommodate the increased population of the western part of the county, the county seat was moved to a more central location in 1788. In response to the new location of the county seat, the eastern portion of the county separated and formed the new Delaware County in 1789 with the City of Chester as its county seat. Much of the history of Chester County arises from its location between Philadelphia and the Susquehanna River; the first road to "the West" passed through the central part of Chester County, following the Great Valley westward.
S. Route 30; this road is still named Lancaster Avenue. The first railroad followed much the same route, the Reading Railroad progressed up the Schuylkill River to Reading. Industry tended to concentrate along the rail lines. Easy transportation allowed workers to commute to urban jobs, the rise of the suburbs followed. To this day, the developed areas form "fingers" extending along major lines of transportation. During the American Revolutionary War, the Battle of Brandywine was fought at what is now the southeastern fringe of the county; the Valley Forge encampment was at the northeastern edge. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 759 square miles, of which 751 square miles is land and 8.7 square miles is water. The topography consists of rolling hills and valleys and it is part of the region known as the Piedmont. Watersheds that serve Chester County include the Octoraro, the Brandywine, Chester creeks, the Schuylkill River. Many of the soils are fertile; because of its proximity to Philadelphia, Chester County has seen large waves of development over the past half-century due to suburbanization.
Although development in Chester County has increased, agriculture is still a major part of the county's economy, the number of horse farms is increasing in the county. Mushroom growing is a specialty in the southern portion of the county. Elevations: High point—1020 Welsh Mt. Honeybrook Twp. Other high points—960 Thomas Hill, Warwick Twp. Low point—66 Schuylkill River, Chester-Montgomery county line. Cities and boroughs: Coatesville 314. Chester County has four distinct seasons and has a hot-summer humid continental climate except for some far southern lowlands which have a humid subtropical climate; the hardiness zones are 7a. Berks County Montgomery County Delaware County New Castle County, Delaware Cecil County, Maryland Lancaster County Valley Forge National Historical Park French Creek State Park Marsh Creek State Park White Clay Creek Preserve As of the 2010 census, the county was 82.1% White Non-Hispanic, 6.1% Black or African American, 0.2% Native American or Alaskan Native, 3.9% Asian, 0.0% Native Hawaiian, 1.8% were two or more races, 2.4% were some other race.
6.5 % of the population were Latino. As of the census of 2000, there were 433,501 people, 157,905 households, 113,375 families residing in the county; the population density was 573 people per square mile. There were 163,773 housing units at an average density of 217 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 89.21% White, 6.24% Black or African American, 0.15% Native American, 1.95% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 1.35% from other races, 1.06% from two or more races. 3.72% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 18.0 % were of Irish, 13.1 % Italian, 10.1 % English and 5.6 % American ancestry. 91
Luzerne County, Pennsylvania
Luzerne County is a county in the U. S. state of Pennsylvania. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 906 square miles, of which 890 square miles is land and 16 square miles is water, it is Northeastern Pennsylvania's second-largest county by total area. As of the 2010 census, the population was 320,918, making it the most populous county in the northeastern part of the state; the county seat and largest city is Wilkes-Barre. Other populous communities include Hazleton, Kingston and Pittston. Luzerne County is included in the Scranton–Wilkes-Barre–Hazleton Metropolitan Statistical Area, which has a total population of 555,426. On September 25, 1786, Luzerne County was formed from part of Northumberland County, it was named after a French soldier and diplomat during the 18th century. When it was founded, Luzerne County occupied a large portion of Northeastern Pennsylvania. From 1810 to 1878, it was divided into several smaller counties; the counties of Bradford, Lackawanna and Wyoming were all formed from parts of Luzerne County.
The county gained prominence in the 19th and 20th centuries as an active anthracite coal mining region, drawing a large portion of its labor force from European immigrants. At its peak, the county's population was 445,109. By the early 21st century, many factories and coal mines were closed. Like most counties in the Rust Belt, Luzerne witnessed urban decay; the Luzerne County Historical Society maintains the storehouse for the collective memory of Luzerne County and its environs. It records and interprets the history, events and cultures that have directed and molded life within the region. By the 1700s, the Wyoming Valley was inhabited by several Native American tribes. In the mid-18th century, Connecticut settlers ventured into the valley; these were the first recorded Europeans in the region. Some came to conduct missionary work with the Native Americans, while others came to farm the fertile land near the Susquehanna River; the violence of the French and Indian War drove these Connecticut settlers away.
The British colonies of Pennsylvania and Connecticut claimed the Wyoming Valley as their own. King Charles II of England had granted the land to the Colony of Connecticut in 1662, to William Penn in 1681; this led to a series of military skirmishes known as the Pennamite-Yankee Wars. By 1769, Yankee settlers from Connecticut returned to the valley and founded the town of Wilkes-Barre. However, they were not alone. Pennsylvanians were in the region; the armed bands of Pennsylvanians harassed the Connecticut settlers. While the land dispute continued, a much larger conflict began; the Thirteen Colonies were waging a war of independence against Great Britain. Both Pennsylvania and Connecticut were loyal to the cause of American independence. On June 30, 1778, British forces, under the command of Colonel John Butler, arrived in the Wyoming Valley to confront the American settlers; the following day — July 1 — the American militia at Fort Wintermute surrendered. Several miles away, Fort Jenkins capitulated.
It was burned to the ground. On July 3, the British spotted the American militia near Forty Fort. Butler wanted to lure the Americans away from their fortifications, he ordered for Fort Wintermute to be set ablaze. The Patriots, advanced rapidly. British soldiers, with the assistance of about 700 Native Americans, ambushed the oncoming American militia. In the end, nearly 300 Wyoming Valley settlers were killed in what would be known as the Wyoming Massacre. Today, in the Borough of Wyoming, a monument marks the gravesite of the victims from the battle. On July 4 — the following morning — the American colonel, Nathan Denison, agreed to surrender Forty Fort along with several other posts. A portion of Fort Pittston was destroyed. Two years the Americans stormed the fortification and recaptured it. From on, it was under Patriot control until the end of the war. In September 1778, revenge for the Wyoming defeat was taken by American Colonel Thomas Hartley, he and his 200 soldiers burned one dozen Native American villages along the Susquehanna River.
Two years in September 1780, reports of British activity in the region caused Captain Daniel Klader and a platoon of 40 to 50 Patriots to investigate. Captain Klader's men made it as far north as present-day Conyngham, when they were ambushed by the Seneca nation and the Tories. Eighteen of Klader's men were killed in; the American Revolutionary War ended three years with the signing of the Treaty of Paris. With the signing of the treaty, Great Britain recognized the sovereignty of the United States of America. Though the War of Independence had concluded, the land dispute between Pennsylvania and Connecticut continued. Connecticut established its own county in the Wyoming Valley. However, Pennsylvania insisted; the Congress of the Confederation was asked to resolve the matter. With the Decree of Trenton, on December 30, 1782, the confederation government decided that the region belonged to Pennsylvania. Pennsylvania ruled that the Connecticut settlers were not citizens of the Co
Adams County, Pennsylvania
Adams County is a county in the U. S. state of Pennsylvania. As of the 2010 census, the population was 101,407, its county seat is Gettysburg. The county was created on January 22, 1800, from part of York County, was named for the second President of the United States, John Adams. On July 1–3, 1863, the area around Gettysburg was the site of the pivotal battle of the American Civil War, as a result is a center for Civil War tourism. Adams County comprises the Gettysburg, PA Metropolitan Statistical Area, included in the Harrisburg-York-Lebanon, PA Combined Statistical Area. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 522 square miles, of which 519 square miles is land and 3.1 square miles is water. The Borough of Gettysburg is located at the center of Adams County; this county seat community is surrounded on three sides by the Gettysburg National Military Park. The Eisenhower National Historic Site adjoins GNMP on its southwest edge. Most of Adams County's rural landscapes and its mid-19th century roadway pattern remain intact today.
Thirteen historic roadways converge near Gettysburg Borough. Two circular rings of towns surround Gettysburg; the second ring is found at a distance of 12 to 15 miles from the County Seat. This "spokes and wheel" pattern is one of the few examples of Central Place Theory in the Eastern United States; the county is in the watershed of the Chesapeake Bay and is drained by the Susquehanna and Potomac Rivers. Cumberland County York County Carroll County, Maryland Frederick County, Maryland Franklin County Eisenhower National Historic Site Gettysburg National Military Park Adams County is administered by a three-person Board of Commissioners, who serve four-year terms. Elections occur in the odd-numbered years that precede U. S. Presidential elections, with the next election falling in 2019. All three Commissioners are chosen in the same election, voters may vote for no more than two of the candidates; the Commissioners are responsible for the management of the fiscal and administrative functions of the county.
As of the November 2017 election: Presidential politics Adams County is a Republican County. In 2016 Donald Trump carried the county with 66.3% of the vote to Hillary Clinton's 29.9%. No Democratic presidential candidate has won Adams County since Lyndon Johnson’s 1964 landslide. Adams County is staunchly Republican. Adams County consists of two Pennsylvania House Districts; the 91st district is in Adams County, comprising the southern and middle parts of the county, including Gettysburg. The 193rd District spans into Cumberland County to the north. Adams County is contained within the 33rd Senatorial District, which includes parts of York and Franklin Counties. From 2012 until 2018, Adams County was part of the 4th Congressional District until the Pennsylvania Supreme Court ruled that the Commonwealth's Congressional Districts constituted an illegal partisan Gerrymander; as a result, Adams County was moved from the 4th District to the 13th Congressional District and elected a new Representative in the 2018 election.
Pat Toomey, Republican Bob Casey Jr. Democratic As of November 7, 2017 there was 65,225 registered voters in the county. Republicans hold a majority of the voters. There was 35,686 registered Republicans, 19,164 registered Democrats, 9,806 voters registered to other parties, 468 to the Libertarian Party and 101 voters registered to the Green Party; as of the 2010 census, there were 101,407 people, 33,652 households, 24,767 families in the county. The population density was 194 people per square mile. There were 35,831 housing units at an average density of 69 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 95.39% White, 1.21% Black or African American, 0.20% Native American, 0.49% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 1.71% from other races, 0.97% from two or more races. 3.64% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 42.7 % were of 7.1 % English ancestry. 95.0 % spoke 3.6 % Spanish as their first language. There were 33,652 households, of which 33.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.10% were married couples living together, 8.50% had a female householder with no husband present, 26.40% were non-families.
21.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.20% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.02. The county population was spread out with 24.90% under the age of 18, 9.20% from 18 to 24, 28.90% from 25 to 44, 23.00% from 45 to 64, 13.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 96.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.80 males. Adams County is one of two counties in Pennsylvania where Latter-Day Saints make up 1% of the population. Birth ratePer the Pennsylvania Department of Health, Adams County's live birth rate was 1,132 births in 1990; the County's live birth rate in 2000 was 1,048 births, while in 2011 it had declined to 1,039 babies. Over the past 50 years, rural Pennsylvania saw a steady decline in both the number and proportion of residents under 18 years old. In 1960, 1.06 million rural residents, or 35 percent of the rural population, were children.
Teen pregnancy rateAdams County had a 29 babies born to teens in 2011. In 2014, the number of teen births in Adams County was 27. County poverty