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List of tram and light rail transit systems

The following is a list of cities that have current tram/streetcar, or light rail systems as part of their regular public transit systems. In other words, this list only includes systems which operate year-round and provide actual transit service, not ones that are tourist services, are seasonal-only, or are excursion-type tram operations; some transit systems branded as "light rail" such as the Ampang Line and Kelana Jaya Line of Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia qualify as metro systems and thus are not listed here – see List of metro systems. Only operational tram and LRT systems are included in this listing – tram and LRT systems that have "suspended operation" or are presently under construction are excluded. Location Primary city served by the light rail system. Country Sovereign state in which the light rail system is located. System The English name of the tram system or overview article for city. Year opened The year. For older systems, this may refer to horsecar service for those systems continuously in operation since their horsecar era.

Stations The number of stations in the network, as quoted by the system's operator. System length The system length of a tram/streetcar or light rail network is the sum of the lengths of all routes in the rail network in kilometers; each section of track is counted only once, regardless of how many lines pass over it, regardless of whether it is single-track or multi-track, single carriageway or dual carriageway. Type Defines whether the system in question is a tram/streetcar system or a light rail transit system. All systems in Russia, including those in Asia, are listed together, for convenience, in the Europe section of this article. All systems in Turkey, including those in Europe, are listed together, for convenience, in the Asia section of this article; the following systems year-round in North America. The bottom of the table lists those specific systems or lines using vintage or faux-vintage streetcars. For other heritage streetcar lines, ones with more limited service, see Streetcars in North America.

List of Latin American rail transit systems by ridership Tram and light rail transit systems List of largest town tramway systems List of town tramway systems List of metro systems Medium-capacity rail transport system List of suburban and commuter rail systems List of trolleybus systems World list of Light Rail and Metros at Light Rail Transit Association website World Rail Transit List

Ernest Brown (coach)

Ernest Hoyt Brown was an American football player and coach. As a graduate student at the University of Georgia, served as the head coach of the Georgia Bulldogs football team for one year in 1893, compiling a record of 2–2–1. Brown was more of a trainer than he was a coach and knew more about tending to sore muscles than the game of football, he played halfback in at least one game, the game against Georgia Tech. Brown was the last unpaid coach head football coach at Georgia, he left the University of Georgia in January 1894. He worked as a stenographer and married Leila Cook, his wife, Leila died January 18, 1900. Brown was reported to be critically ill in The Athens Banner, September 26, 1905, with the newspaper noting that "The many friends of Mr. Ernest S. Brown will be pained to learn that he is critically ill at his home on Barber street and that there is small hope entertained for his recovery." He died that morning of the publication. His funeral was held in Athens on September 28 with burial in Oconee cemetery

Coenraad V. Bos

Coenraad Valentijn Bos was a Dutch pianist, most notably as an accompanist to singers of lieder. His peers such as Gerald Moore considered him the doyen of accompanists in his day, he was born in Leiden in 1875. He studied at the Berlin High School for Music, he decided early to become a field of which he made a special study. On 9 November 1896, in the presence of the composer, still a month shy of his 21st birthday, he accompanied the Dutch baritone Anton Sistermans at the premiere of Brahms' Vier ernste Gesänge in Vienna. For many years he worked with singers such as Raimund von zur-Mühlen, Elena Gerhardt, Julia Culp, Frieda Hempel, Alexander Kipnis, Gervase Elwes, Ludwig Wüllner and Helen Traubel, he appeared with the 13-year-old Yehudi Menuhin in Berlin on 23 April 1929, they exchanged inscribed photographs of themselves in commemoration of the event. He recorded lieder of Brahms, Schubert and Wolf with Elena Gerhardt, he figures prominently in the Hugo Wolf Society's Complete Edition 1931–38, accompanying Gerhardt, Herbert Janssen, Gerhard Hüsch, Alexandra Trianti and Elisabeth Rethberg.

He died in Chappaqua, New York, United States on 5 August 1955, aged 79. He preserved his musical memories in "The Well-tempered Accompanist". Accompanying Julia Culp on YouTube Coenraad V. Bos at the New York Philharmonic

Ruth Hussey

Ruth Carol Hussey was an American actress best known for her Academy Award-nominated role as photographer Elizabeth Imbrie in The Philadelphia Story. Hussey was born in Providence, Rhode Island, October 30, 1911, she was known as Ruth Carol O'Rourke. Her father, George R. Hussey, died of the Spanish flu in 1918. Ten years her mother, Julia Corbett Hussey, married a family friend, William O'Rourke, who had worked at the family's mail-order silver enterprise, she grew up at 179 Ontario Street. She had an older brother, a younger sister, Betty. After obtaining her early education in Providence's public schools, Hussey studied art at Pembroke College and graduated from that institution in 1936, she never landed a role in any of the plays. She received a degree in theatre from the University of Michigan School of Drama, worked as an actress with a summer stock company in Michigan for two seasons, she attended Boston Business College and Michigan School of Drama. After working as an actress in summer stock, she returned to Providence and worked as a radio fashion commentator on a local station.

She read it on the radio each afternoon. She was encouraged by a friend to try out for acting roles at the Providence Playhouse; the theater director there turned her down. That week, she journeyed to New York City and on her first day there, she signed with a talent agent who booked her for a role in a play starting the next day back at the Providence Playhouse. In New York City, she worked for a time as a model, she landed a number of stage roles with touring companies. Dead End toured the country in 1937 and the last theater on the road trip was at the Biltmore Hotel in Los Angeles, where she was spotted on opening night by MGM talent scout Billy Grady. MGM signed her to a players contract and she made her film debut in 1937, she became a leading lady in MGM's "B" unit playing sophisticated, worldly roles. For a 1940 "A" picture role, she was nominated for an Academy Award for her turn as Elizabeth Imbrie, the cynical magazine photographer and almost-girlfriend of James Stewart's character Macaulay Connor in The Philadelphia Story.

In 1941, exhibitors voted her the third-most popular new star in Hollywood. Hussey worked with Robert Taylor in Flight Command, Robert Young in Northwest Passage and H. M. Pulham, Esq. Van Heflin in Tennessee Johnson, Ray Milland in The Uninvited, Alan Ladd in The Great Gatsby. In 1946, she starred on Broadway in the Pulitzer Prize-winning play State of the Union, her 1949 role in Goodbye, My Fancy on Broadway caused a Billboard reviewer to write: "Miss Hussey brings a splendid aliveness and warmth to the lovely congresswoman...."She filled in for Jean Arthur in the 1955 Lux Radio Theater presentation of Shane, playing Miriam Starrett, alongside the film’s original stars Alan Ladd and Van Heflin. In 1960, she co-starred in The Facts of Life with Bob Hope. Hussey was active in early television drama. On August 9, 1942, Hussey married talent agent and radio producer C. Robert "Bob" Longenecker at Mission San Antonio de Pala in north San Diego County, California. Longenecker was raised in Lititz, Pennsylvania.

They raised three children: George Robert Longenecker, John William Longenecker, Mary Elizabeth Hendrix. Following the birth of her children, Hussey focused much of her attention on family activities and, in 1964, designed a family cabin in the mountain community of Lake Arrowhead, California. In 1967, she was inducted into the Rhode Island Heritage Hall of Fame. In 1977, she and her husband moved from their Brentwood family home to Rancho Carlsbad in Carlsbad, California, her husband died in 2002 shortly after celebrating their 60th wedding anniversary. Her son John Longenecker works as a film director, he won an Academy Award for producing a live-action short film The Resurrection of Broncho Billy. She was active in Catholic charities, was noted for painting in watercolors, was a lifelong Democrat although she did vote for Republican Thomas Dewey in 1944 and for Hollywood friend and former co-star Ronald Reagan in the 1980 and 1984 presidential elections. Hussey died April 19, 2005, from complications from an appendectomy.

She is interred at Pierce Brothers Valley Oaks Memorial Park in California. Ruth Hussey – official website Ruth Hussey on IMDb Ruth Hussey at the Internet Broadway Database Ruth Carol Hussey at Find a Grave NY Times – Ruth Hussey, a brief biography

Rohtak–Rewari DEMU

Rohtak - Rewari DEMU is a passenger train of the Indian Railways which runs between Rohtak Junction railway station of Haryana and Rewari Junction railway station of Haryana. This train is India's first CNG train, flagged off on 14 January 2015, by Union Minister for Railways Suresh Prabhu. Train no.74018 departs from Rohtak Junction, daily at 05:00, reaching Rewari the same day at 07:00. Train no.74015 departs from Rewari daily at 07:10, from platform no.1 reaching Rohtak Junction the same day at 09:25. The train goes via Jhajjar; the important halts of the train are: Rohtak Junction railway station Asthal Bohar Junction railway station Dighal railway station Jhajjar railway station Machhrauli railway station Palhawas railway station Gokalgarh railway station Rewari Junction railway station The train runs with an average speed of 40 km/h and completes 81 km in 2h. The train runs on daily basis. Rohtak - Rewari DEMU

BMW V12 LM

The BMW V12 LM was a racing car built for sports car racing in 1998. The car was built using a combination of WilliamsF1 engineering and construction and a BMW powerplant; the car was a predecessor to the BMW V12 LMR, which debuted in 1999. In 1995 McLaren Cars entered sports car racing using their McLaren F1 GTR in grand touring series like the BPR Global GT Series as well as the 24 Hours of Le Mans; the McLaren F1s were powered by a S70 V12, leading to McLaren and BMW signing an agreement to both develop their racing teams with the assistance of BMW Motorsport. This combination was successful in winning the 1995 24 Hours of Le Mans. However, by 1997 the F1 GTRs were no longer competitive against newer breeds of specially homologated supercars from Mercedes-Benz and Porsche. Due to their declining performance, McLaren pulled out of GT racing at the end of 1997. Unwilling to give up so BMW Motorsport decided to move from grand tourers to Le Mans prototypes, open cockpit racing cars built for racing and requiring no road legality regulations.

During the 1997 decline of McLaren, BMW Motorsport announced a deal with WilliamsF1, at the time Formula One constructors champions, which would see Williams constructing the car's chassis and develop its aerodynamics for the 24 Hours of Le Mans. At the same time, BMW Motorsport turned to Schnitzer Motorsport, a long time BMW racing team, to be the factory team running the car, now dubbed the V12 LM; the V12 LMs would use the same S70 V12 as the McLaren F1s, although it would be run in its 5990cc configuration. The chassis incorporated an early use of a raised foot box as well as a front diffuser for better aerodynamics and safety. Debuting at the 1998 24 Hours of Le Mans test day in May, the two V12 LM chassis set times which were not favorable, their best lap placing them 11th behind factory entries from Porsche, Toyota and Mercedes-Benz, all of which were running grand tourer-style cars instead of the theoretically faster Le Mans prototypes. By the time qualifying for the race came around in June, the BMWs had improved to 6th fastest in qualifying, placing behind two Porsches, two Mercedes, a Toyota.

During the race both cars suffered quickly. Vibrations were detected in the drivetrains while at speed. In order to not risk catastrophic failure of the car at speed, the team retired both cars from the event after they had only covered 43 laps for car #2 and 60 laps for car #1. Following the team's dismal results at Le Mans, further testing found that the aerodynamics and cooling of the car were poorly planned, that the car could only perform best if ambient temperatures were at ideal conditions; the team planned to enter the 1998 Petit Le Mans, but declined. It was therefore decided that the two V12 LMs would be abandoned and that BMW, Schnitzer would start anew in 1999 with the V12 LMR; the two V12 LM chassis were therefore sold off to privateers, with chassis 001/98 going to Thomas Bscher while chassis 002/98 was sold to Team Goh of Japan. With BMW moving onto the all new V12 LMR, only the two privateer teams were left to campaign the rejected V12 LM. Thomas Bscher aligned with David Price Racing forming Price+Bscher Racing to concentrate on the new American Le Mans Series as well as the 1999 24 Hours of Le Mans.

In the ALMS, the car would take only two points scoring finishes, leaving it 13th in the points standings. While at Le Mans, the car would wind up taking 5th place overall, only 20 laps behind the V12 LMR which won; the car would make one final appearance at an FIA Sportscar Championship event at the Nürburgring, finishing 4th place overall. Team Goh on the other hand decided to concentrate on Le Mans, with the car failing to finish due to gearbox problems; the car made one final appearance at the Fuji 1000km where it took 3rd place overall, 6 laps behind a winning Nissan. For 2000, Team Goh announced a partnership with Japanese constructor Dome, in which the V12 LM would be modified in order to correct its aerodynamic instabilities and cooling problems; the entire front end would be redesigned to relocate the cooling intakes, while vents were added to the side bodywork to assist in cooling. The car was never campaigned and no other team chose to buy the chassis. For Price+Bscher, David Price Racing reached an agreement to campaign for Panoz Motorsports of the United States, leaving Thomas Bscher to campaign his lone V12 LM.

Although losing his assistance from David Price Racing, Bscher was able to run the car at Le Mans, where the car failed to finish due to gearbox damage from an accident, at the Nurburgring SRWC round in September. Following this, Bscher would retire the car, ending the racing career of the V12 LM. Burroughs, Mike. "The BMW V12 LMR". Stance Works. Retrieved 2019-08-19. Garcia, Agus. "Rushed Success - 1999 BMW V12 LMR". DriveTribe. Retrieved 2019-08-19. Dome's modified V12 LM BMW V12 LM & V12 LMR chassis index