Light infantry is a designation applied to certain types of foot soldiers throughout history having lighter equipment or armament or a more mobile or fluid function than other types of infantry, such as heavy infantry or line infantry. Light infantry fought as scouts and skirmishers—soldiers who fight in a loose formation ahead of the main army to harass, disrupt supply lines, "soften up" an enemy before the main battle. After World War II, the term "light infantry" evolved, now refers to rapid-deployment units that emphasize speed and mobility over armor and firepower; some units or battalions that held a skirmishing role have kept their designation "light infantry" for the sake of tradition. The concept of a skirmishing screen is a old one and was well-established in Ancient Greece and Roman times in the form, for example, of the Greek peltast and psiloi, the Roman velites; as with so called "light infantry" of periods, the term more adequately describes the role of such infantry rather than the actual weight of their equipment.
Peltast equipment, for example, grew heavier at the same time as hoplite equipment grew lighter. It was the fact that peltasts fought in open order as skirmishers that made them light infantry and that hoplites fought in the battle line in a phalanx formation that made them heavy infantry. Early regular armies of the modern era relied on irregulars to perform the duties of light infantry skirmishers. In the 17th century, dragoons were the light infantry skirmishers of their day – armed mounted infantrymen who rode into battle but dismounted to fight, giving them a mobility lacking to regular foot soldiers. In the 18th and 19th centuries most infantry regiments or battalions had a light company as an integral part of its composition, its members were smaller, more agile men with high shooting ability and capability of using initiative. They did not fight in disciplined ranks as did the ordinary infantry but in dispersed groups, necessitating an understanding of skirmish warfare, they were expected to avoid melee engagements unless necessary, would fight ahead of the main line to harass the enemy before falling back to the main position.
During the period 1777–1781, the Continental Army of the United States adopted the British Army practice of seasonally drafting light infantry regiments as temporary units during active field operations, by combining existing light infantry companies detached from their parent regiments. Light infantry sometimes carried lighter muskets than ordinary infantrymen while others carried rifles and wore rifle green uniforms; these became designated as rifle regiments in Britain and Jäger and Schützen regiments in German-speaking Europe. In France, during the Napoleonic Wars, light infantry were called voltigeurs and chasseurs and the sharpshooters tirailleurs; the Austrian army had Grenzer regiments from the middle of the 18th century, who served as irregular militia skirmishers recruited from mountainous frontier areas. They were absorbed into the line infantry becoming a hybrid type that proved successful against the French, to the extent that Napoleon recruited several units of Austrian army Grenzer to his own army after victory over Austria in 1809 compelled the Austrians to cede territories from which they were traditionally recruited.
In Portugal, 1797, companies of Caçadores were created in the Portuguese Army, in 1808 led to the formation of independent "Caçador" battalions that became known for their ability to perform precision shooting at long distances. Light infantry officers sometimes carried muskets or rifles, rather than pistols, their swords were light curved sabres. Orders were sent by whistle instead of drum; some armies, including the British and French, recruited whole regiments of light infantry. These were considered elite units, since they required specialised training with emphasis on self-discipline and initiative to carry out the roles of light infantry as well as those of ordinary infantry. By the late 19th century the concept of fighting in formation was on the wane due to advancements in weaponry and the distinctions between light and heavy infantry began to disappear. All infantry became light infantry in operational practice; some regiments retained the name and customs, but there was in effect little difference between them and other infantry regiments.
On the eve of World War I the British Army included seven light infantry regiments. These differed from other infantry only in maintaining such traditional distinctions as badges that included a bugle horn, dark green home service helmets for full dress, a fast-stepping parade ground march. Light infantries were trained better than the regular line infantry. For instance, in Britain during the Napoleonic period, riflemen fired 60 rounds of balls and another 60 of blanks, light infantry fired 50 each, but the line infantry regiments only allowed the soldiers to be trained by 30 rounds each. For Prussia, allowed their fusiliers to fire 30 rounds of balls and blanks during 1806. However, the line infantry regiments were trained with 10 rounds each. Though in this time period, when firing for training was considered to various countries lightly, for light infantries
The Lake Superior Scottish Regiment
The Lake Superior Scottish Regiment is a Primary Reserve infantry regiment of the Canadian Forces. The regiment is located in Thunder Bay, is part of the 3rd Canadian Division's 38 Canadian Brigade Group. Known as the "Lake Sups", the regiment was active during World War II. During which, the regiment known as The Lake Superior Regiment or LSR, mobilized a motorized infantry battalion for the 4th Canadian Division; the LSR and 28th Armoured Regiment were the only Canadian land-based units to score a naval victory during the Second World War. On November 5, 1944, the units sank a number of German ships in the port of Zijpe; the units destroyed a fourth. One of the ships was the AF-92, a landing-craft-type vessel, about 153 feet long, equipped to lay mines, armed with two 88 mm guns. One legend suggests a mortar round fired by the infantry made its way down the funnel of one of the ships; the ship's bell from one of the sunken vessels was recovered, is located in the Officer's Mess of the British Columbia Regiment.
Since World War II, its soldiers have served throughout the world on numerous peacekeeping operations. Most the LSSR has had several soldiers serve in Afghanistan; the regiment lost one soldier, Corporal Anthony "T-Bone" Boneca on July 9, 2006, fighting Taliban insurgents during Operation Zahar in Zhari District, Kandahar Province. A large maple leaf in center charged with a beaver, encircled by an annulus, inscribed THE LAKE SUPERIOR SCOTTISH REGIMENT and surmounted by the Crown. Inter Pericula Intrepidi Fearless in the face of danger Lake Sup Scot R MacGillivary Originated 3 July 1905 in Port Arthur, Ontario when a "regiment of infantry" was authorized to be formed Designated 1 December 1905 as the 96th The Lake Superior Regiment Redesignated 12 March 1920 as The Lake Superior Regiment Redesignated 7 November 1940 as the 2nd Battalion, The Lake Superior Regiment Redesignated 1 April 1946 as The Lake Superior Regiment Redesignated 29 June 1949 as The Lake Superior Scottish Regiment Redesignated 11 April 1958 as The Lake Superior Scottish Regiment 52nd Battalion, CEF 141st Battalion, CEF Details of the 96th The Lake Superior Regiment were placed on active service on 6 August 1914 for local protective duty.
The 52nd Battalion, CEF, was authorized on 7 November 1914 and embarked for Britain on 23 November 1915. The battalion disembarked in France on 21 February 1916, where it fought as part of the 9th Infantry Brigade, 3rd Canadian Division in France and Flanders until the end of the war; the battalion disbanded on 30 August 1920. The 141st Battalion, CEF known as the "Border Bull Moose," was authorized on 22 December 1915 and embarked for Britain on 29 April 1917, where its personnel were absorbed by the 18th Reserve Battalion, CEF on 7 May 1917 to provide reinforcements for the Canadian Corps in the field; the battalion disbanded on 17 July 1917. The regiment mobilized The Lake Superior Regiment, CASF, on 24 May 1940, it was redesignated as the 1st Battalion, The Lake Superior Regiment, CASF, on 7 November 1940 and as the 1st Battalion, The Lake Superior Regiment, CASF, on 26 January 1942. It embarked for Britain on 22 August 1942. On 26 and 27 July 1944, it landed in France as part of the 4th Armoured Brigade, 4th Canadian Division, it continued to fight in northwest Europe until the end of the war.
The overseas battalion disbanded on 15 February 1946. The regiment contributed an aggregate of more than 20% of its authorized strength to the various Task Forces which served in Afghanistan between 2002 and 2014. In the list below, battle honours in capitals were awarded for participation in large operations and campaigns, while those in lowercase indicate honours granted for more specific battles; those battle honours followed by a "+" are emblazoned on the regimental colour. Ypres, 1915,'17+ Festubert, 1915 Mount Sorrel+ Somme, 1916+ Flers-Courcelette Ancre Heights Arras, 1917,'18 Vimy, 1917+ Hill 70+ Passchendaele+ Amiens+ Scarpe, 1918 Drocourt-Quéant Hindenburg Line+ Canal du Nord Cambrai, 1918+ Valenciennes+ France and Flanders, 1915–18 Falaise+ Falaise Road+ The Laison Chambois The Scheldt+ The Lower Maas+ The Rhineland+ The Hochwald+ Veen Twente Canal+ Friesoythe+ Küsten Canal+ Bad Zwischenahn North-West Europe, 1944–1945+ Afghanistan Stanley, George F. G. In the Face of Danger: The History of the Lake Superior Regiment United Kingdom – The Royal Anglian Regiment Australia – 5th/6th Battalion, The Royal Victoria Regiment List of armouries in Canada Military history of Canada History of the Canadian Army Canadian Forces Razing of Friesoythe
48th Highlanders of Canada
The 48th Highlanders of Canada is a Canadian Forces Primary Reserve infantry regiment based in Toronto, parading out of Moss Park Armoury. The regiment is part of 4th Canadian Division's 32 Canadian Brigade Group. Since its formation in 1891, the 48th Highlanders have had a longstanding tradition of participation in the life of its parent city, Toronto; the regiment has participated in community functions for over 100 years, in addition to fulfilling its operational duties around the world. Since its inception, the men and women of the regiment have been among the first Canadians to step forward and answer their nation's call. Members of the regiment have served on Operation RECUPERATION, in the Golan Heights, South Africa, Cyprus and Afghanistan to name only a few and of course, both World Wars and the Boer War; the regiment is allied with the British Army's Royal Regiment of Scotland - the Highlanders. The relationship with the Gordon Highlanders represents the oldest sanctioned regimental alliance in the Commonwealth and small unit exchanges are conducted frequently.
A memorial was erected in Mount Pleasant Cemetery, Toronto sometime after 1912 in honour of two soldiers killed returning from a training exercise in 1912 and as a monument to the 48th Highlanders of Canada's veterans and war dead of the South African War. The regiment is nicknamed "The Glamour Boys" or "The Four Dozen"; the name "The Glamour Boys" was coined by the other regiments that served with the 48th Highlanders during World War II in the 1st Canadian Infantry Division, 1 Brigade. The brigade was being inspected by King George VI but there were not enough regulation khaki puttees for all the soldiers; the 48th had to wear unofficial blue puttees. The King inquired as to, he was told. The King replied that they should keep them; the 48th Highlanders continued to wear blue puttees until battledress was phased out. The nickname "Four Dozen" is a play on The Dirty Dozen and "48" being equivalent to four dozen; the regiment provided a Guard of Honour for the G7 summit in 1988, a full Royal Honour Guard for Queen Elizabeth II in 1998 as well as the Royal Winter Fair, annually.
The Regimental Colour Party has marched in events as far afield as Prince Edward Island and the United States, remains in great demand as a living example of the pageantry and gallantry of the Highland regimental tradition. The regiment's Military Band and the Pipes and Drums have played at every Toronto Maple Leafs home opening game at both Maple Leaf Gardens and the Air Canada Centre; the bands were requested by Conn Smythe, a major in the First World War, to play at the opening of the new Maple Leaf Gardens on November 12, 1931. The regiment's motto is Dileas gu brath, Gaelic for "faithful forever"; the regimental tartan is the Davidson. The regiment's Colonel-in-Chief is Elizabeth II; the regiment supports two cadet corps. These are the 48th Highlanders Royal Canadian Army Cadet Corps, based in the same armoury as the regiment itself, 142 St. Andrew's College Highland Cadet Corps, based in Aurora as one of the mandatory activities for students of St. Andrew's College; the 48 Highlanders contributed individual volunteers for the Canadian Contingents to South Africa the 2nd Battalion, Royal Canadian Regiment of Infantry.
During the Great War, the 15th Battalion, CEF, was authorized on 1 September 1914 and embarked for Britain on 26 September 1914 and arrived in France on 15 February 1915. The battalion fought as part of the 3rd Infantry Brigade, 1st Canadian Division in France and Flanders throughout the war; the 15th Battalion was disbanded on 30 August 1920. The 92nd Battalion, CEF was authorized on 30 July 1915 and embarked for Britain on 20 May 1916, where the battalion provided reinforcements to the Canadian Corps in the field until 24 January 1917, when its personnel were absorbed by the 5th Reserve Battalion, CEF before being disbanded on 1 September 1917; the 134th Battalion was authorized on 22 December 1915 and embarked for Britain on 8 August 1916, where it provided reinforcements to the Canadian Corps in the field until 7 March 1918, when its personnel were absorbed by the 12th Reserve Battalion, CEF. The battalion was disbanded on 29 November 1918. During the Second World War, the regiment mobilized the 48th Highlanders of Canada, CASF, on 1 September 1939.
It was subsequently redesignated the 1st Battalion, 48th Highlanders of Canada, CASF, on 7 November 1940. It departed Canada for Britain on 16 December 1939, on 13 June 1940 it went to France as part of the abortive Second British Expeditionary Force; the battalion reached Sablé-sur-Sarthe before being ordered back to Britain. It landed in Sicily on 10 July 1943 and in Italy on 3 September 1943 as part of the 1st Infantry Brigade, 1st Canadian Infantry Division. In March 1945, the regiment moved with the remainder of the I Canadian Corps to North West Europe, where it fought until the end of the war; the overseas battalion was disbanded on 31 December 1945. On 1 June 1945, a second battalion of the regiment was mobilized for service in the Pacific theatre of operations, designated as the 3rd Canadian Infantry Battalion, CASF; this battalion was disbanded on 1 November 1945. The 48th Highlanders of Canada perpetuate the 15th Battalion, CEF, the 92nd Battalion, CEF, the 134th Battalion, CEF; the 48th Highlanders Museum is locat
Le Régiment de Hull (RCAC)
Le Régiment de Hull is a Primary Reserve armoured reconnaissance regiment of the Canadian Forces. The regiment is based in Quebec near Ottawa. Active in all aspects of the day-to-day life of Outaouais residents, the unit is the only francophone military presence in the area, it is organised into three distinct squadrons: C/S Squadron is made up of the logistical and administrative support staff as well as a holding platoon for new recruits and, D Squadron is the reconnaissance squadron, to which most of the members of the unit belong. On 7 August 1914, a general order of the Canadian Militia authorized the formation of a unit at Hull. Three days earlier, Canada had entered the war against Germany; as was the custom of the day, the unit was designated by a number. The regiment's first official name was accordingly the "70e Régiment". Initiatives to create a militia unit in Hull had nonetheless been under way since the spring of 1914 by a group of Hull citizens, including M. A. Allard, J. A. Cloutier, I.
Landre, R. Déziel, J. Paré, J. A. Thibault, J. Gauvin and Lieutenant H. Heyendal, they met at the Collège Notre-Dame. The creation of the Hull Regiment coincided with the acceptance by Great Britain of the Canadian Government's offer to pay all the costs of a military contingent; this first contingent left for England on 3 October of that year. In Hull, as everywhere else in Canada, the public greeted the war with enthusiasm. Thousands wanted to leave for the front and to take part in what they believed would be a great adventure; the first task of the 70th Regiment was to serve as a recruiting centre for the Hull military district. The regimental records show that the unit enrolled 2,108 men, who were subsequently distributed to a variety of battalions, including the 22nd, 38th, 41st and 57th. Although it was not mobilized for service overseas, the 70th Regiment provided personnel for the 230th Battalion of les Voltigeurs Canadiens-Français; this unit of the Canadian expeditionary corps was formed entirely of members of the 70th Regiment recruited in the Outaouais.
It is for this reason that Le Régiment de Hull perpetuates the memory of the 230th Battalion, CEF. After a stay in England, the 230th was assigned to the Forestry Corps in November 1916 and went to France; this decision was made due to the high number of forestry workers from Quebec. The city of Hull was a booming city living off the lumber industry and most of the men enlisted from the 70th Regiment worked for various forestry companies, like E. B. Eddy. Before the war, England imported an enormous quantity of wood every year, and while the war had generated greater demand, the cargoes needed were scarce as a result of German submarine attacks. This scarcity delayed the dispatch of reinforcements, rations and other essential items. Canadians not only responded to the call, they set new production records. Over 70% of all the wood used by the allied armies during World War I came from Canada's forests. According to the official Canadian history, the participation of the Canadian Forestry Corps was "remarkable and contributed to the defeat of the submarine campaign".
The Armistice enabled some 350,000 members of the Canadian Expeditionary Force to return home. Over 60,000 Canadians had died in battle. Thousands more were wounded and many of them would never be able to resume normal life; the return to civilian life after so terrible a war is difficult for veterans. The resumption of activities by the Hull Militia was not without its problems. Since the government had decided no longer to designate units by a number, the 70th Regiment became "The Hull Regiment" in 1920, a designation, changed to its French equivalent in Spring 1923; as was only to be expected after such a murderous war, enthusiasm waned a state of mind, only exacerbated by equipment shortages and the need to meet in cramped, inadequate quarters. The regiment was housed at 84 Principale in Hull, moving to number 29 on the same street in 1922. Against all odds, the regiment grew and flourished and in 1938, the unit moved into its current headquarters: the Salaberry Armoury. Territorial Defense When Canada declared war on Germany on 10 September 1939, the Regiment did not expect to be mobilized for war.
Detachments of the Regiment were assigned to mount guard at points considered vulnerable to saboteurs Rockcliffe Aerodrome and the Residence of the Governor General. Many members of the Regiment enrolled in the active Army and served as instructors in numerous training camps, including in Saint Jérôme, Quebec and in Cornwall, Ontario; the first Battalion of Le Régiment de Hull was mobilized for active service on 29 July 1941. A few days National Defence Headquarters entrusted command of the Regiment to Lieutenant-Colonel Marcel Grison. In the meantime, an initial group of officers had been sent to Brockville to undergo special training and the Regiment left for Valcartier, where it underwent intensive training from December 1941 to mid-April 1942, it was subsequently sent to Nanaimo, British Columbia, where it participated in the defence of Canada as part of the 13th Infantry Brigade, 6th Canadian Infantry Division. This was the first time. Operation Cottage In August 1943, Le Régiment de Hull took part in the invasion of the island of Kiska, in the Aleutians.
The Regiment was at the time under the command of Lieutenant-Colonel Dollard Ménard, DSO, CD a hero of the Dieppe raid. The Japanese had invaded the Aleutians in June 1942. Although Kiska was 4,500 km f
Governor General's Foot Guards
The Governor General's Foot Guards is one of three Royal Household regiments in the Primary Reserve of the Canadian Army and the most senior militia infantry regiment in Canada. Civitas et Princeps Cura Nostra is the regiment's motto; the regiment has an operational role that encompasses both the territorial defence of Canada and supporting regular Canadian forces overseas. It performs the mounting of the Ceremonial Guard on Parliament Hill and at Rideau Hall in Ottawa, a task it shares with the Canadian Grenadier Guards; this gives the regiment a role similar to that of the guards regiments of the British Army. The GGFG are formally allied with the Coldstream Guards of the United Kingdom after being informally allied with them since the formation of the regiment; the regimental dress uniform has buttons in pairs, similar to the Coldstream Guards, with a red plume worn on the left side of the bearskin. The GGFG perpetuate the 2nd Canadian Battalion, CEF, 77th Battalion, CEF; the 1st Battalion is composed of 250 officers and non-commissioned officers who make up of the following companies: Battalion Headquarters GGFG Band Pipes and Drums Corps of Drums Ceremonial Guard Detachment 1st Rifle Company 2nd Rifle Company Training Company Support CompanyThe regiment supports the 2784 GGFG Army Cadets of the Royal Canadian Army Cadets.
The Governor General's Foot Guards originated in Ottawa, Ontario, on 7 June 1872 as the 1st Battalion Governor General's Foot Guards. It was redesignated as the Governor General's Foot Guards on 16 September 1887; the 1st Battalion Governor General's Foot Guards mobilized a single company for active service on 10 April 1885. It served in the Battleford Column of the North West Field Force; the company was removed from active service on 24 July 1885. The regiment contributed volunteers for the various Canadian Contingents the 2nd Battalion, Royal Canadian Regiment of Infantry. Details of the Governor General's Foot Guards were placed on active service on 6 August 1914 for local protection duties; the 2nd Battalion, CEF was authorized on 10 August 1914 and embarked for Great Britain on 26 September 1914. It disembarked in France on 11 February 1915, where it fought as part of the 1st Infantry Brigade, 1st Canadian Division in France and Flanders until the end of the war; the battalion was disbanded on 15 September 1920.
The 77th Battalion, CEF was authorized on 10 July 1915 and embarked for Great Britain on 19 June 1916. It provided reinforcements for the Canadian Corps in the field until 22 September 1916, when its personnel were absorbed by the 47th Battalion, CEF and 73rd Battalion, CEF and the battalion was disbanded. Details from the regiment were called out on service on 26 August 1939 and placed on active service on 1 September 1939 for local protection duties; the details were disbanded on 31 December 1940. The regiment mobilized The Governor General's Foot Guards, CASF, for active service on 24 May 1940. On 26 January 1942, it was converted to armour, it embarked for Great Britain on 23 September 1942. On 24 July 1944, it landed in France as part of the 4th Armoured Brigade, 4th Canadian Armoured Division, it continued to fight in North-West Europe until the end of the war; the overseas regiment was disbanded on 31 January 1946. In the 1990s the regiment was well-represented in several international operations.
The foot guard took part in rescue operations in the National Capital Region during the 1998 Ice Storm. Members of the Foot Guards have served in Cyprus, the Former Yugoslavia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Sierra Leone, Haiti and combat operations in Afghanistan from 2001 to 2014. Despite all of this, the GGFG of today works with the CG in the summer, mounting the guard of honour during ceremonial occasions at Rideau Hall; the Strengthening the Army Reserve initiative increases the ceremonial effect the GGFG has on the performance of public duties in the National Capital Region. The No 1 Company Governor Generals Foot Guards and the Ladies Soldiers Aid Association of Ottawa erected a memorial tablet, unveiled on May 2, 1887. Osgood who fell in action at Cut Knife Hill on May 2, 1885, during the Northwest Rebellion. A memorial plaque in the Governor General's Foot Guards Regimental Museum is dedicated to the memory of the 5326 Officers and Men who served in the 2nd Canadian Infantry Battalion Canadian Expeditionary force during the Great War 1914-1918.
A Second-World War era Sherman tank nicknamed "Forceful III" in the Canadian War Museum, is dedicated to the memory of the members of the Governor General's Foot Guards killed during the Second World War while operating as an armoured regiment. North West Canada, 1885 South Africa 1899–1900 World War I: Ypres 1915, 1917, Flers-Courcelette, Gravenstafel, Ancre Heights, Amiens, St. Julien, Arras 1917, 1918, Drocourt-Queant, Festubert, 1915, Vimy 1917, Hindenburg Line, Mount Sorrel, Canal du Nord, Somme, 1916, Scarpe, 1917–18, Pursuit to Mons
The Governor General's Horse Guards
The Governor General's Horse Guards is an armoured reconnaissance regiment in the Primary Reserve of the Canadian Army, part of 4th Canadian Division's 32 Canadian Brigade Group. Based in Toronto, it is the most senior reserve regiment in Canada, the only household cavalry regiment of Canada's three household units; the regiment maintains a traditional structure, with squadrons and units for deployment and active duty, ceremony and administration. Regimental Headquarters consists of the command team to include the commanding officer, the regimental sergeant major, the second in command, the padre and drill sergeant. RHQ consists of the Operations and Training Cell, which includes an operations officer, warrant officer, training officer and sergeant, it is the Training Cell that oversees the recruits and their progress and interacts with the Battle School with instructor cadre. Annually the regiment recruits 25 to 30 soldiers every year. A Squadron is the operational squadron and is manned by trained officers and soldiers.
Its primary role is to maintain the reconnaissance skills of the soldiers through individual training and collective training in the field. It has a particular focus on junior leadership development of both officers and non-commissioned officers, it runs leadership-specific training preparing soldiers for leadership courses as Squadron Headquarters staff, troop leaders, crew commanders and instructors. It provides soldiers for Canadian Forces missions outside of Canada, is expected to mobilize in national emergencies in aid to the civil power; this field squadron maintains no fewer than two 8-car armoured reconnaissance troops. The soldiers are trained on the military variant of the Mercedes-Benz G-Class Wagon or LUVW Command and Reconnaissance platform equipped with a 7.62 mm general-purpose machine gun. It is managed by a functional Squadron Administrative Echelon; the squadron numbers 90 to 120 soldiers. B Squadron is the Tactical Armoured Patrol Vehicle sub unit, it consists of two TAPVs. It holds crewman numbering about 10 soldiers.
This squadron is organized to train crews on the new vehicle platform introduced in 2018 and will in future train collectively crews for deployment in direct support of the Regular Force. The platform is the same as used by the Royal Canadian Dragoons in 2 Brigade; the TAPV is equipped with a remote weapons system armed with a 7.62 mm GPMG and C16 grenade launcher. The RWS is ideal for observation night and day. Headquarters Squadron provides essential administrative and support functions to include orderly room, quartermaster stores and transport for the regiment; this squadron ensures the unit facilities are in good order and repair. It is this squadron that works with the brigade staff to administer personnel, finances and vehicles for the regiment and in turn provides these services to the squadrons, it consists of a small Regular Force support staff and a full-time cadre of reservists numbering about 10 soldiers under a small Squadron Headquarters. The squadron holds a light troop of soldiers that have not completed their training and are not qualified armoured reconnaissance soldiers.
These soldiers perform general duties for the quartermaster and practise their basic soldiering skills while waiting for training courses. The full brass-and-reed military band provides concerts and music for regimental functions, other military events, civilian engagements; the band includes three specialized musical sub-units: the Fanfare Trumpeters, the Brass Quintet, the Woodwind Quintet. The band performs at many regimental and brigade events, it is called on to provide music for civilian and local government events including the Royal Agricultural Winter Fair, Opening of Parliament at Queen's Park and The annual Queen's Plate. The band is managed by a director of a band sergeant major, it is a dismounted band. The GGHG Cavalry Troop provides a horse-mounted ceremonial presence at public and regimental events, to perpetuate Canadian cavalry traditions. Although it is under the command and control of the regimental commanding officer, it is funded by the Governor General's Horse Guards Cavalry and Historical Society Inc, a charitable organization incorporated and registered in 2012 explicitly for the purposes of supporting and promoting the traditions of the regiment.
It has been in service since 1956 and has had the honour of providing escorts to the Royal Family and the Governor General of Canada. It too attends numerous public events and is counted as a critical tool to showcase the regiment's history and traditions to the public; the troop is commanded by a serving officer who acts as the unit public affairs representative, they wear the full dragoon guard uniform with its accoutrements on horseback. The horses are owned and the military horse tack and furniture is supplied by the regiment; the 748 Royal Canadian Army Cadet Corps and 2402 Royal Canadian Army Cadet Corps are affiliated and sponsored by the regiment, provides Canadian youth from 12 to 19 years of age with leadership training in a military setting. These young people are not subject to national service, but benefit from their association to the regiment with its example of service and its long and proud history; the cadets of these two squadrons are allowed to wear the regiment's insignia and certain accoutrements as a privilege of sponsorship.
The Governor General's Horse Guards Association is open to all active and former members of the regiment. The association exists to
The Hastings and Prince Edward Regiment
The Hastings and Prince Edward Regiment is a Primary Reserve infantry regiment of the Canadian Army. The regiment is part of 33 Canadian Brigade Group, one of four Brigade Groups of 4th Canadian Division; the regimental Headquarters and one company are located at 187 Pinnacle Street in Belleville, with additional companies in Peterborough and Cobourg. The Peterborough Armoury houses what was traditionally "B Company" or "Moro Company", "C Company" or "Cassino Company" is housed in an industrial mall unit on Willmott Street in Cobourg; the Regiment deploys as a composite, Ortona Company, while the HQ/Admin forms Somme Company. The Commanding Officer is LCol Chris Comeau, who took over from LCol Shawn McKinstry in March, 2016. Commanding officers hold the position for a term of three years; the Regimental Sergeant Major is Chief Warrant Officer Stokes. The Colonel-in-Chief is HRH Prince Earl of Wessex. Originated 16 January 1863 in Belleville, Ontario as the 15th Battalion Volunteer Militia Canada Redesignated 2 June 1871 as the 15th Battalion or the Argyll Light Infantry Redesignated 8 May 1900 as the 15th Regiment Argyll Light Infantry Redesignated 12 March 1920 The Argyll Light Infantry Redesignated 15 December 1936 as The Argyll Light Infantry Redesignated 7 November 1940 as The Argyll Light Infantry Amalgamated 1 April 1946 with the 44th Field Regiment, RCA, converted to artillery, redesignated as the 9th Anti-Tank Regiment, RCA Amalgamated 1 September 1954 with the 34th Anti-Tank Battery, RCA, The Hastings and Prince Edward Regiment and The Midland Regiment, converted to infantry, redesignated as The Hastings and Prince Edward Regiment.
Originated 6 February 1863 in Picton, Ontario as the 16th Battalion Volunteer Militia Canada Redesignated 30 November 1866 as the 16th Prince Edward Battalion of Infantry Redesignated 8 May 1900 as the 16th Prince Edward Regiment Amalgamated 12 March 1920 with the 49th Regiment Hastings Rifles to form The Hastings and Prince Edward Regiment Redesignated 7 November 1940 as the 2nd Battalion, The Hastings and Prince Edward Regiment Redesignated 1 November 1945 as The Hastings and Prince Edward Regiment Amalgamated 1 September 1954 with the 9th Anti-Tank Regiment, RCA, the 34th Anti- Tank Battery, RCA, The Midland Regiment, retaining its designation Originated 1 June 1905 in Gananoque, Ontario on as the 9th Brigade, Canadian Field Artillery Redesignated 1 July 1925 as the 9th Field Brigade, Canadian Artillery Redesignated 3 June 1935 as the 9th Field Brigade, RCA Redesignated 7 November 1940 as the 9th Field Brigade, RCA Redesignated 24 June 1942 as the 44th Field Regiment, RCA Amalgamated 1 April 1946 with The Argyll Light Infantry Originated 1 April 1912 in Belleville, Ontario, as the 34th Battery, CFA Redesignated 1 July 1925 as the 34th Field Battery, CA Redesignated 3 June 1935 as the 34th Field Battery, RCA Redesignated 7 November 1940 as the 34th Field Battery, RCA Redesignated 1 April 1946 as the 34th Anti-Tank Battery, RCA Amalgamated 1 September 1954 with the 9th Anti-Tank Regiment, RCA, The Hastings and Prince Edward Regiment and The Midland Regiment Originated 14 September 1866 in Stirling, Ontario, as the 49th Hastings Battalion of Infantry Redesignated 6 April 1871 as the 49th Hastings Battalion of Rifles Redesignated 8 May 1900 as the 49th Regiment Hastings Rifles Amalgamated 12 March 1920 with the 16th Prince Edward Regiment Originated 5 October 1866 in Cobourg, Ontario, as the 40th Northumberland Battalion of Infantry Redesignated 8 May 1900 as the 40th Northumberland Regiment Redesignated 12 March 1920 as The Northumberland Regiment Redesignated 15 May 1924 as The Northumberland Regiment Amalgamated 15 December 1936 with The Durham Regiment and redesignated as The Midland Regiment Redesignated 7 November 1940 as the 2nd Battalion, The Midland Regiment Redesignated 1 June 1945 as The Midland Regiment Redesignated 1 April 1946 as The Midland Regiment Amalgamated 1 September 1954 with the 9th Anti-Tank Regiment, RCA, 34th Anti-Tank Battery, RCA and The Hastings and Prince Edward Regiment.
1st Regiment of Durham Militia 1st Regiment of Hastings Militia 1st Regiment of Northumberland Militia 1st Regiment of Prince Edward Militia 9th Brigade, Canadian Field Artillery, CEF 39th Battalion, CEF 80th Battalion, CEF 136th Battalion, CEF 139th Battalion, CEF 155th Battalion, CEF 254th Battalion, CEF The 15th Battalion Volunteer Militia, Canada was called out on active service during the 1866 raids by the Fenian Brotherhood on 8 March 1866. The Battalion was removed from active service on 27 March 1866 at the conclusion of the emergency; the 15th Battalion Argyll Light Infantry, the 40th Northumberland Battalion of Infantry, the 46th East Durham Battalion of Infantry and The 49th Hastings Battalion of Rifles mobilized a company each for active service with The Midland Battalion on 10 April 1885. The Midland Battalion served in the Alberta Column of the North West Field Force until it was demobilized on 24 July 1885; the 9th Brigade, Canadian Field Artillery, CEF, was authorized on 20 January 1916 and embarked for Great Britain on 15 February 1916.
The Brigade arrived in France on 14 July 1916, where it fought as part of the 3rd Canadian Divisional Artillery in France and Flanders until the end of the war. The bri