Jiangmen, formerly romanized as Kongmoon, is a prefecture-level city in Guangdong Province in southern China. Its 3 urban districts are now part of the Guangzhou–Shenzhen conurbation, Jiangmen is the pinyin romanization of the Chinese name 江門 or 江门, based on its pronunciation in the Mandarin dialect. Its former Wade-Giles spelling was Chiang-men, the Postal Map spelling Kongmoon was based upon the same names Cantonese pronunciation Gong¹-mun⁴. Other forms of the name include Kong Moon, the name is often the butt of local jokes, since both Jiangmen and 肛門 or 肛门 are pronounced identically in Cantonese. This has led to proposals to change the name of the city, such as a 2009 campaign to rename it Qiáodū, Capital of the Overseas Chinese, Jiangmen is known as Pengjiang. Its hinterland is known to the Chinese diaspora as the Four Counties, Jiangmen Town was a community under the administration of nearby Xinhui County. Jiangmen, was forced to open to trade in 1902. A legacy of this period is a waterfront district lined with western-style buildings.
The city has an ongoing project which is restoring many of these buildings. Jiangmen was proclaimed a city in 1951 and became the seat for the Four County region including Taishan, Xinhui. In 2011, the city banned pet dogs in public after rabies killed 42 people over the preceding 3 years, the city is located on the lower reaches of the Xijiang or West River, in the west of the Pearl River Delta in the middle of southern Guangdong Province. It faces the South China Sea in the south and is 100 kilometres away from Guangzhou, Jiangmen city has an area of 9,260 square kilometres, about one quarter the size of the Pearl River Delta. The climate is subtropical with monsoonal influences, the annual average temperature is 21.8 °C. Jiangmen was selected by the Chinese state as a city for a nationwide information programme. It was chosen by the Pacific Economic Cooperation Council as a city for the Regional Integration for Sustainable Economics project. According to the Report on Investment Environment in China 2003 by the World Bank, Jiangmen ranked the fourth after Shanghai, the economic development strategies within Jiangmen focus on the three urban districts, and the south and north lines.
It is planned to develop four main areas, the central urban district of the city, the Yinzhou Lake economic area. Similar to other cities in the western Pearl River Delta, the sector plays a significant role in Jiangmens economy
Shenzhen is a major city in Guangdong Province and one of the five largest and wealthiest cities of China. The city is located north of Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and holds sub-provincial administrative status. Shenzhen was a town of 30,000 people on the route of the Kowloon–Canton Railway. That changed in 1979 when Shenzhen was promoted to city-status and in 1980 designated China’s first Special Economic Zone. According to the Government report for 2015, Shenzhen had transformed into a city with a population of 10,778,900, Shenzhen was one of the fastest-growing cities in the world during the 1990s and the 2000s. Shenzhen is a financial center in southern China. The city is home to the Shenzhen Stock Exchange as well as the headquarters of numerous high-tech companies, Shenzhen ranks 19th in the 2016 edition of the Global Financial Centres Index published by the Z/Yen Group and Qatar Financial Centre Authority. It has one of the busiest container ports in the world, human habitation in Shenzhen dates back to ancient times.
The earliest archaeological remains so far unearthed are shards from a site at Xiantouling on Dapeng Bay, from the Han dynasty onwards, the area around Shenzhen was a center of the salt monopoly, thus meriting special Imperial protection. Salt pans are still visible around the Pearl River area to the west of the city and are commemorated in the name of Yantian District, the settlement at Nantou was the political center of the area from early antiquity. In the year 331 AD, six counties covering most of modern southeastern Guangdong were merged into one province or “jun” named Dongguan with its center at Nantou. As well as being a center of the politically and fiscally critical salt trade, the main shipping route to India and the Byzantine Empire started at Guangzhou. As early as the century, chronicles record the Nantou area as being a major commercial center. It was as a defense center guarding the southern approaches to the Pearl River. Shenzhen was involved in the surrounding the end of the Southern Song dynasty.
The Imperial court, fleeing Kublai Khan’s forces, established itself in the Shenzhen area and he jumped off a cliff with Emperor Bing, aged 7, the last emperor of the Southern Song Dynasty strapped to his back, killing both. In the late 19th century the Chiu or Zhao clan in Hong Kong identified that Chiwan, the tomb, since restored, is still at the same location. Earliest known records that carried the name Shenzhen dates from 1410, local people called the drains in paddy fields “zhen”
Sun Yat-sen University
Sun Yat-sen University, known as Zhongshan University, is a public university in Guangdong, Peoples Republic of China. It was founded in 1924 by Sun Yat-sen, a revolutionary, the schools main campus, commonly referred to as the South Campus, is located in Haizhu District, inheriting the campus of the former Lingnan University. Three of its four campuses are located in Guangzhou, including the new East Campus in the Guangzhou Higher Education Mega Center. The school has a new campus in Zhuhai, which is the largest among the four campuses, the universitys assets include the worlds fastest supercomputer Tianhe-2, which is valued at 2.4 billion yuan. The university has the largest affiliated hospital system in mainland China, the universitys Zhuhai Campus owns the largest teaching building in Asia measured by acreage. Two of the business education institutions, Sun Yat-sen Business School and Lingnan College are triple accredited by EQUIS, AACSB. Only 3 business schools in mainland China hold this Triple accreditation, present-day Sun Yat-sen University is the result of multiple mergers as well as splits and restructurings that have involved more than a dozen academic institutions over time.
The most recent merger happened in 2001, when Sun Yat-sen University of Medical Science merged with Sun Yat-sen University, in the 1930s, there were seven schools in the university, the Schools of Arts, Law, Agricultural Studies and Education. In 1935, Tsinghua University, Peking University and Sun Yat-sen University set up the first graduate schools in China, in history, all the Sun Yat-sen Universities were the products of one-party state, based-on the political ideology with socialism characteristics. The Pok Tsai Medical School evolved into the College of Medicine of Lingnan University in 1936, the Kung Yee Medical School and Hospital in Guangzhou was founded in 1908. In 1925, the Kung Yee institutions were taken over by the government, in 2001, Sun Yat-sen University of Medical Science merged with Sun Yat-sen University and became Sun Yat-sen College of Medical Science. Lingnan University was a university established by a group of American missionaries in Guangzhou in 1888. At its founding it was named Canton Christian College, at the end of 1932, the medical center was registered and put under the control of the Chinese government.
Furthermore, it affiliated with Guangzhou Hospital and Lingnan University to form the Sun Yat-Sen Medical College in 1936, Lingnan University was incorporated into Chung Shan University in 1953. Members of the university moved to Hong Kong and founded the Lingnan School in Wan Chai in 1967, in 1988, Lingnan College was reestablished within Sun Yat-sen University and is now one of the top schools of economics and management in China. S. Run Run Shaw building donater Sir Run Run Shaw, GBM, CBE, known as Shao Yifu and Siu Yat-fu, was a Hong Kong entertainment mogul and he was one of the most influential figures in the Asian entertainment industry. He founded the Shaw Brothers Studio, one of the largest film companies in Hong Kong, and TVB. A well-known philanthropist, Shaw donated billions of Hong Kong dollars to educational institutions in Hong Kong, more than 5,000 buildings on Chinese college campuses bear his name, as does Shaw College of the Chinese University of Hong Kong
China, officially the Peoples Republic of China, is a unitary sovereign state in East Asia and the worlds most populous country, with a population of over 1.381 billion. The state is governed by the Communist Party of China and its capital is Beijing, the countrys major urban areas include Shanghai, Beijing, Shenzhen and Hong Kong. China is a power and a major regional power within Asia. Chinas landscape is vast and diverse, ranging from forest steppes, the Himalaya, Karakoram and Tian Shan mountain ranges separate China from much of South and Central Asia. The Yangtze and Yellow Rivers, the third and sixth longest in the world, Chinas coastline along the Pacific Ocean is 14,500 kilometers long and is bounded by the Bohai, East China and South China seas. China emerged as one of the worlds earliest civilizations in the basin of the Yellow River in the North China Plain. For millennia, Chinas political system was based on hereditary monarchies known as dynasties, in 1912, the Republic of China replaced the last dynasty and ruled the Chinese mainland until 1949, when it was defeated by the communist Peoples Liberation Army in the Chinese Civil War.
The Communist Party established the Peoples Republic of China in Beijing on 1 October 1949, both the ROC and PRC continue to claim to be the legitimate government of all China, though the latter has more recognition in the world and controls more territory. China had the largest economy in the world for much of the last two years, during which it has seen cycles of prosperity and decline. Since the introduction of reforms in 1978, China has become one of the worlds fastest-growing major economies. As of 2016, it is the worlds second-largest economy by nominal GDP, China is the worlds largest exporter and second-largest importer of goods. China is a nuclear weapons state and has the worlds largest standing army. The PRC is a member of the United Nations, as it replaced the ROC as a permanent member of the U. N. Security Council in 1971. China is a member of numerous formal and informal multilateral organizations, including the WTO, APEC, BRICS, the Shanghai Cooperation Organization, the BCIM, the English name China is first attested in Richard Edens 1555 translation of the 1516 journal of the Portuguese explorer Duarte Barbosa.
The demonym, that is, the name for the people, Portuguese China is thought to derive from Persian Chīn, and perhaps ultimately from Sanskrit Cīna. Cīna was first used in early Hindu scripture, including the Mahābhārata, there are, other suggestions for the derivation of China. The official name of the state is the Peoples Republic of China. The shorter form is China Zhōngguó, from zhōng and guó and it was applied to the area around Luoyi during the Eastern Zhou and to Chinas Central Plain before being used as an occasional synonym for the state under the Qing
Chaozhou, alternatively transliterated as Chiuchow, Chaochow, or Teochew, is a city in the eastern Guangdong province of the China. It borders Shantou to the south, Jieyang to the southwest, Meizhou to the northwest, the province of Fujian to the east and the South China Sea to the southeast. It is administered as a city with a jurisdiction area of 3,110 square kilometres. Along with Shantou and Jieyang, Chaozhou is part of the Chaoshan region, Chaozhous municipal executive and judiciary are situated in Xiangqiao District, together with its CPC and Public Security bureau. Chaozhou is located in the easternmost part of the Guangdong Province and it is situated north of the delta of the Han River, which flows throughout the city. In particular, the nearby Phoenix Mountains peak is 1497 meters above sea level, the main nearby rivers are the Huanggang River and the Han River. The Han River flows from west to southeast, and ramps through downtown Chaozhou and these two rivers provide abundant water for Chaozhou.
Hills account for 65% of the land area within the city, mainly in Raoping. To the north of the city, there is a mountainous area suitable for tea cultivation, the lower-altitude areas nearby are mainly suitable for growing bamboo, plum, olive. On the banks of the Han River, there is land used for rice, sweet potato, soybean, orange, peach. In 214 BC, Chaozhou was an undeveloped and named part of Nanhai Commandery of the Qin Dynasty, in 331 during the Eastern Han Dynasty, Haiyang was established as a part of Dongguan Commandery. The Dongguan Commandery was renamed Yian Commandery in 413, the commandery became a prefecture in 590 during the early Sui Dynasty, first as Xun Prefecture, as Chao Prefecture in the following year. In 1914, the Republic of China government combined the Chao, for a short while in the Sui and early Tang Dynasties, Haiyang District was called Yian District. The name remained Haiyang until 1914, when it was renamed to Chaoan County to avoid ambiguity with the Haiyang County, in 1653, the Manchus massacred an estimated 100,000 in Chaozhou.
Chinese population depopulated from 150 million to only 24 million left, the seat of the 1951 Guangdong Peoples Government was at Chaoan County, part of it was converted to Chaoan City in 1953 and that year renamed Chaozhou City. In 1955, the seat moved to Shantou. Chaozhou City was abolished five years later, and reestablished again in 1979, in 1983, the situation was reversed, with Chaoan abolished and made a part of Chaozhou City. Chaozhou was made a provincially administered city in January 1989, in December 1991, Chaozhou was further upgraded into its current statue of prefecture-level city
Guangdong is a province on the South China Sea coast of the Peoples Republic of China. The provincial capital Guangzhou and economic hub Shenzhen are among the most populous, the population increase since the census has been modest, the province at 2014 end had 107,240,000 people. Since 1989, Guangdong has topped the total GDP rankings among all divisions, with Jiangsu and Shandong second. According to state statistics, Guangdongs GDP in 2014 reached RMB6,779 billion, or US$1.104 trillion, since 2011, Guangdong has the highest GDP among all provinces of Mainland China. The province contributes approximately 12% of the PRCs national economic output, Guangdong hosts the largest import and export fair in China called the Canton Fair in Guangdongs capital city Guangzhou. Guǎng means expanse or vast, and has associated with the region since the creation of Guang Prefecture in AD226. Guangdong and neighbouring Guangxi literally mean expanse east and expanse west, together and Guangxi are called Loeng gwong.
During the Song dynasty, the Two Guangs were formally separated as Guǎngnán Dōnglù and Guǎngnán Xīlù, one should note that Canton, though etymologically derived from Cantão, refers only to the provincial capital instead of the whole province, as documented by authoritative English dictionaries. The local people of the city of Guangzhou and their language are commonly referred to as Cantonese in English. Because of the prestige of Canton and its accent, Cantonese sensu lato can be used for the phylogenetically related residents, Chinese administration and reliable historical records in the region began with the Qin dynasty. After establishing the first unified Chinese empire, the Qin expanded southwards and set up Nanhai Commandery at Panyu, the region was independent as Nanyue between the fall of Qin and the reign of Emperor Wu of Han. Under the Wu Kingdom of the Three Kingdoms period, Guangdong was made its own province, for example, internal strife in northern China following the rebellion of An Lushan resulted in a 75% increase in the population of Guangzhou prefecture between 740s–750s and 800s–810s.
As more migrants arrived, the population was gradually assimilated to Han Chinese culture or displaced. Multiple women originating from the Persian Gulf lived in Guangzhous foreign quarter, together with Guangxi, Guangdong was made part of Lingnan Circuit, or Mountain-South Circuit, in 627 during the Tang dynasty. The Guangdong part of Lingnan Circuit was renamed Guangnan East Circuit guǎng nán dōng lù in 971 during the Song dynasty, Guangnan East is the source of Guangdong. As Mongols from the north engaged in their conquest of China in the 13th century, the Battle of Yamen 1279 in Guangdong marked the end of the Southern Song Dynasty. During the Mongol Yuan dynasty, large parts of current Guangdong belonged to Jiangxi and its present name, Guangdong Province was given in early Ming dynasty. Since the 16th century, Guangdong has had extensive links with the rest of the world
Zhanjiang, is a prefecture-level city at the southwestern end of Guangdong province, Peoples Republic of China, facing Hainan to the south. Its population was 6,994,832 inhabitants at the 2010 census,1,611,868 live in the built-up area made of four urban districts, Xiashan and Mazhang. In 2007, the city is named Chinas top ten cities by Chinese Cities Brand Value Report. During the Qin Dynasty, the area belonged to Xiang Shire, the central government of the Han Dynasty set Xuwen County administering the whole Leizhou Peninsula. It was one of the earliest departure points on the Marine Silk Road, the population spiked during the Tang and Song dynasties. The region was still a fishing port when it was occupied by the French in 1898. The next year, the French forced the Chinese to lease a small enclave of Zhanjiang to them for 99 years as the territory of Kouang-Tchéou-Wan. The French wanted to develop the port, which they called Fort-Bayard, to serve southern China, in parts where France had exclusive rights to railway and their efforts, were hindered by the poverty of the surrounding land.
The French retained control of the region until 1943, when the Japanese occupied the area during World War II. At the end of the war, the region returned briefly under French rule before being returned to China in 1946 by General Charles de Gaulle. Upon receiving the territory from the French, the Republic of China government decided to rename Kouang-Tchéou-Wan, the area was historically under the jurisdiction of Zhanchuan county, with a Zhanchuan customs post on the eastern island of the territory. As Zhanjiang was a variant of Zhanjiang, it was decided to name the city Zhanjiang. Following the establishment of the Peoples Republic in 1949, Zhanjiang developed new importance, in 1955 a rail link was built to Litang in Guangxi province, where it joined the Hunan-Guangxi Railway. Since then, Zhanjiang has developed into a modern port serving southern China. In 1984 Zhanjiang was designated one of the cities of China, where the central government invited foreign investment. It has shipyards and engineering works, electrical-appliance, and textile plants, and sugar refineries and rice mills, in the early 1990s a new rail line was completed, linking Zhanjiang with Guangzhou, the provincial capital.
The line was extended to Haian, at the southernmost tip of Leizhou Peninsula. Until the introduction of Pinyin spelling, it was known in the west as Tsamkiang, Chankiang or Tsamkong
South China Agricultural University
South China Agricultural University commonly referred to as SCAU, is a public university in Guangzhou, China. Main campus settles in Wushan, Tianhe District, Peoples Republic of China, South China Agricultural University was selected as one of the 7 Cultivated High-Quality Universities of Guangdong Province in 2015. SCAU is considered to have an advantage in the field of agricultural science, the university has 26 colleges/department and more than 40,000 students, including international students from 27 countries. 1909 - Guangdong provinces agricultural experiment station and Affiliated Institute of Agriculture was founded,1926 - College of Agriculture, National Sun Yat-sen University. 1952 - The nationwide readjustments of university and college resources took place in 1952,1979 - It was selected as one of National Key Universities. 1984 - The University was renamed as South China Agricultural University in 1984,2000 - The university was transferred under the administration of Guangdong Province in 2000 during the reform of the management system of higher learning institutions.
2015 - Selected as a Cultivated High-level University of Guangdong Province, the campus of South China Agricultural University is located in Tianhe District, Guangzhou, it used to be part of the old National Sun Yat-sen University campus. The university enjoys beautiful scenery and pleasant environment, the main campus covers an area of over 4407 mu, and the teaching and research base in Zengcheng covers an area of over 3863 mu. By the development in recent years, the SCAU Library have developed into 4 branches including the library, the east branch, the yuejin branch. The total paper-based collections have been over 2.42 million items/volumes in 2016 and those collections cover agriculture, liberal arts, basic sciences, management, education, history and other subjects. South China Agricultural University has 26 colleges, offering 94 undergraduate programs,107 masters degree programs and 59 Ph. D degree programs, SCAU offers 9 Professional Master Degrees and Professional Doctorate in Veterinary Medicine.
The university ranked 962th according to the US News Best Global Universities 2017, in particular, its Agricultural Sciences was ranked 177th, and its Plant and Animal Science was ranked 228th. The total enrollment of students is over 43,000, comprising 37,820 undergraduates,5,394 graduates and 89 foreign students from 27 countries. There are a lot of student organization in the university including the Student Union, Student Association Union, the Modern Educational Technology Center is installed with visual-audio and multi-media input-output equipment.42 million copies. 19 on-campus fieldwork bases and 339 off-campus fieldwork bases are open to students and it has established inter-institutional ties with twenty-three universities from thirteen countries in Europe, America and Oceania. There are more and more academic exchanges between SCAU and universities in HongKong and Macao, up to now, the university has trained around 1000 overseas students and numerous research and government officials from over 50 countries in Asia, Africa and Oceania
Guangdong University of Foreign Studies
Guangdong University of Foreign Studies is a public university with emphasis in foreign languages and cultures, overseas economy and trade, and international strategies in Guangzhou, China. The university offers 61 bachelor-degree specialties and teaches 18 foreign languages, in 2014, it boasted 20189 undergraduate students and 2818 postgraduate and doctoral students, and over 12000 students of continuing education and overseas students. The school has a key discipline and seven province-level key disciplines. The state-level key discipline of Foreign Language and Literature is given priority in the development of Guangdong province’s Project 211. The school has established ties with a host of international organizations. It is the university of foreign languages in China that is included in Campus Asia. In November 1964, with the sanction of the Central Government, in July 1965, it began to enroll 4-year bachelors degree students and offered 4 specialties – English, German and Spanish. It was located at the old site of Guangdong Petroleum School in the Northeast suburbs of Guangzhou, since January 1966, Guagnzhou Foreign Languages Institute had been operating under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Higher Education of the Central People’s Government.
In October 1970, Guangdong Provincial Revolutionary Committee restructured the institutions of education in Guangdong Province. In the meantime, the institute was renamed as Guangdong Foreign Languages Institute and was moved to the old site of Central South Forestry Institute in the Northern Suburbs of Guangzhou. In November 1977, the school resumed the name of Guangzhou Foreign Languages Institute, in December 1980, with the approval of the State Council, Guangzhou Foreign Trade Institute was established in the northern suburbs of Guangzhou. The institute evolved from Guangdong Provincial Foreign Trade Cadres School, which was founded in 1957, in 1961, Guangdong Provincial Foreign Trade School became attached to Guangdong Provincial Finance and Trade Cadres School. During the Cultural Revolution, Guangdong Provincial Foreign Trade School was suspended for a time, the institute operated under the joint jurisdiction of the Ministry of Foreign Trade and Guangdong provincial government, with the former playing the dominant role.
In September 1994, Guangzhou Foreign Trade Institute was delegated to the jurisdiction of the People’s Government of Guangdong Province by the Ministry of Foreign Trade, in January 1995, Guangzhou Foreign Languages Institute was transferred to Guangdong province by the State Education Commission. In May 1995, the two institutes merged, as a result, Guagndong University of Foreign Studies came into being. In September 2004, the campus came into use and received its first batch of university students, the university, which consists of three campuses, covers an area of 2292 mu. The north campus, located at the foot of the Baiyun Mountains, the south campus, situated in the Guangzhou Higher Education Mega Center, covers an area of 1095 mu. And the Dalang campus, located in Dalang, covers an area of 258 mu, the campuses are noted for its scenic beauty, with pleasant shade, chirping birds, fragrant flowers, and tiny bridges providing students with a tranquil environment for study
Meizhou is a prefecture-level city in eastern Guangdong province, Peoples Republic of China. It has an area of 15,864.51 km2, and it comprises Meijiang District, Xingning City and six counties. Its built-up or metro area made up of 2 urban districts was home to 935,516 inhabitants at the 2010 census, the name Meizhou comes from the Mei River and the Chinese name for the plum blossom. Meizhou was established as the prefecture of Jingzhou during the Southern Han and it became Meizhou at the time of Northern Song dynasty and Jiaying Prefecture during the Qing dynasty. After several subsequent shifts of jurisdiction, it became Meizhou City in 1988, Meizhou is now a noted historical and cultural city. Meizhou is located in the northeast of Guangdong Province, bordering Fujian Province in the northeast, the complex geological structure was formed mainly from granite, spouting rocks, metamorphic rock, sandstone, red rock and limestone. Its administrative area ranges in latitude from 23°23 to 24°56 N and in longitude from 115°18 to 116°56 E, Meizhou has a humid subtropical climate, with short, overcast winters and long, very hot, humid summers.
The monthly daily average temperature in January is 12.4 °C, from April to June, rainfall is the heaviest and most frequent. Though striking typhoons do not affect the area as much as the coast, the municipal government, Intermediate Court, CPC office and Public Security Bureau are located in the Jiangnan Subdistrict of the Meijiang District, on the right bank of Mei River. Meizhou is rich in mineral and tourism resources and it has 48 kinds of minerals including coal, limestone, rare clay and porcelain clay amongst others. Of these reserves manganese is ranked first in Guangdong Province, Meizhou has plenty of water resources, hot springs and certified mineral waters. There are tourism resources such as historic sites constructed during the Tang Dynasty, former residences of notable figures, natural scenery of all kinds. Meizhou is a hub for the three provinces of Guangdong and Jiangxi and the bridge connecting the coastal and the inland areas. State Highways 205 and 206 run across the city, guangzhou-Meizhou-Shantou Railway and Meizhou-Kanshi Railway pass through the city while expressways, provincial county and village highways extend to all parts.
The city is served by the regional Meixian Airport, with regular air routes to Guangzhou, by water, the Mei River and Han River reach Chaozhou and Shantou. Meizhou is considered the center for standard Hakka dialect, along with the neighboring Mei County, Hakkas are a unique ethnic group of Han Chinese originally from around the Yellow River area, who migrated south to avoid the chaos of war centuries ago. Due to hostility towards the new immigrants, many were forced into the regions of Guangdong Province. This migratory tradition has continued with the redistribution of Hakka people to the most remote parts of the world, many people in Meizhou emigrated during the last century to earn money for their families, with some returning to build in their hometowns
Zhaoqing, formerly romanized as Shiuhing, is a prefecture-level city in Guangdong Province, China. During the 2010 census, its population was 3,918,467, with 1,232,462 living in the areas of Duanzhou District. The prefectural seat—excluding Seven Star Crags—is fairly flat, but thickly forested mountains lie just outside its limits, numerous rice paddies and aquaculture ponds are found on the outskirts of the city. Sihui and the districts of the prefecture are considered part of the Pearl River Delta. Formerly one of the most important cities in southern China, Zhaoqing lost importance during the Qing and is now known for tourism. Residents from Guangzhou and the cities of the Pearl River Delta visit it for weekend excursions. It is a manufacturing center. Zhaoqing was known to the Qin and Han as Gaoyao and it was renamed Duanzhou from its role as the seat of Duan Prefecture under the Sui. The present name, meaning Beginning Auspiciousness, was bestowed on the area by Emperor Huizong of the Song in 1118, Zhaoqing is the pinyin romanization, the earlier Postal Map form Shiuhing derives from the names Cantonese pronunciation.
Gaoyao was located on the bank of the Xi River, named for its districts principal feature. When the Portuguese arrived in the 16th century, Zhaoqing was still an important center, matteo Riccis On the Christian Expedition among the Sinae tells of the early visits of Macanese-based Europeans to Zhaoqing. The Viceroy Chen Rui summoned Macaos mayor and bishop in the early 1580s, but the town sent its auditor Mattia Penella, Ricci drew the first modern Chinese map of the world in Zhaoqing in 1584. Ruggieri left for Rome in 1588 but Ricci remained until the next year, during the Fall of the Ming in the mid-17th century, Zhaoqing served as the capital of the Prince of Guis Southern Ming resistance, with the prince styling himself the Yongli Emperor. The town fell in 1650 and the relocated to Guilin and various locations in Guangxi, Yunnan. The Jesuits Andreas Wolfgang Koffler and, Michał Boym stayed for some time at his court, Zhaoqing is located 110 km northwest of Guangzhou, in the west Pearl River Delta.
It lies on the shores of the Xi River, which flows from west to east. A plain area lies to the south and west of Zhaoqing, with mountains to the east, the city has a monsoon-influenced humid subtropical climate. The yearly average temperature is 22.3 °C, and annual precipitation is 1,605 mm, in the agriculture sector, the fertile plains yield paddy rice, sugar cane, aquatic products, fruits and cassia bark