List of universities in Spain
A list of universities in Spain:
- Higher education in Spain
- List of colleges and universities by country
- List of colleges and universities
A list of universities in Spain:
|University||Seat of rectorate||Autonomous community||Established||Type|
|University of Almería||Almería||Andalusia||1993||Public|
|University of Cádiz||Cádiz||Andalusia||1979||Public|
|University of Córdoba||Córdoba||Andalusia||1972||Public|
|University of Granada||Granada||Andalusia||1531||Public|
|University of Huelva||Huelva||Andalusia||1993||Public|
|University of Jaén||Jaén||Andalusia||1993||Public|
|University of Málaga||Málaga||Andalusia||1972||Public|
|University of Seville||Seville||Andalusia||1505||Public|
|International University of Andalusia||Seville||Andalusia||1994||Public|
|Pablo de Olavide University||Seville||Andalusia||1997||Public|
|Loyola University Andalusia||Seville||Andalusia||2011||Catholic|
|University of Zaragoza||Zaragoza||Aragon||1542||Public|
|San Jorge University (in Spanish)||Villanueva de Gállego||Aragon||2005||Catholic|
|University of Oviedo||Oviedo||Asturias||1608||Public|
|University of the Balearic Islands||Palma||Balearic Islands||1978||Public|
|University of the Basque Country||Leioa||Basque Country||1980||Public|
|University of Deusto||Bilbao||Basque Country||1886||Catholic|
|Mondragon University||Arrasate/Mondragón||Basque Country||1997||Private|
|University of La Laguna||San Cristóbal de La Laguna||Canary Islands||1927||Public|
|University of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria||Las Palmas de Gran Canaria||Canary Islands||1989||Public|
|European University of Canarias||La Orotava||Canary Islands||2010||Private|
|University Fernando Pessoa-Canarias||Santa María de Guía||Canary Islands||2014||Private|
|University of Cantabria||Santander||Cantabria||1972||Public|
|European University of the Atlantic||Santander||Cantabria||2013||Private|
|University of Castilla–La Mancha||Ciudad Real||Castilla–La Mancha||1985||Public|
|University of Burgos||Burgos||Castile and León||1994||Public|
|University of León||León||Castile and León||1979||Public|
|University of Salamanca||Salamanca||Castile and León||1218||Public|
|University of Valladolid||Valladolid||Castile and León||1241||Public|
|Catholic University of Ávila||Ávila||Castile and León||1996||Catholic|
|IE University||Segovia||Castile and León||2008||Private|
|Isabel I University (in Spanish)||Burgos||Castile and León||2011||Private|
|Miguel de Cervantes European University||Valladolid||Castile and León||2002||Private|
|Pontifical University of Salamanca||Salamanca||Castile and León||1940||Catholic|
|Autonomous University of Barcelona||Cerdanyola del Vallès||Catalonia||1968||Public|
|Polytechnic University of Catalonia||Barcelona||Catalonia||1971||Public|
|Pompeu Fabra University||Barcelona||Catalonia||1990||Public|
|Rovira i Virgili University||Tarragona||Catalonia||1991||Public|
|University of Barcelona||Barcelona||Catalonia||1450||Public|
|University of Girona||Girona||Catalonia||1446||Public|
|University of Lleida||Lleida||Catalonia||1297/1991||Public|
|Escola Superior de Conservació i Restauració de Béns Culturals de Catalunya||Barcelona||Catalonia||1991||Public|
|Abat Oliba CEU University||Barcelona||Catalonia||2003||Catholic|
|International University of Catalonia||Barcelona||Catalonia||1997||Private|
|Open University of Catalonia||Barcelona||Catalonia||1990||Public|
|Ramon Llull University||Barcelona||Catalonia||1990||Private|
|University of Vic||Vic||Catalonia||1997||Private|
|University of Extremadura||Badajoz||Extremadura||1973||Public|
|University of A Coruña||A Coruña||Galicia||1989||Public|
|University of Santiago de Compostela||Santiago de Compostela||Galicia||1495||Public|
|University of Vigo||Vigo||Galicia||1990||Public|
|University of La Rioja||Logroño||La Rioja||1992||Public|
|International University of La Rioja||Logroño||La Rioja||2008||Private|
|Menéndez Pelayo International University||Madrid||Madrid||1932||Public|
|Autonomous University of Madrid||Madrid||Madrid||1968||Public|
|Carlos III University of Madrid||Getafe||Madrid||1989||Public|
|Complutense University of Madrid||Madrid||Madrid||1499||Public|
|National University of Distance Education||Madrid||Madrid||1972||Public|
|Rey Juan Carlos University||Móstoles||Madrid||1996||Public|
|Technical University of Madrid||Madrid||Madrid||1971||Public|
|University of Alcalá||Alcalá de Henares||Madrid||1977||Public|
|Alfonso X University||Villanueva de la Cañada||Madrid||1993||Private|
|Antonio de Nebrija University||Hoyo de Manzanares||Madrid||1995||Private|
|Camilo José Cela University||Villanueva de la Cañada||Madrid||1998||Private|
|CEU San Pablo University||Madrid||Madrid||1993||Catholic|
|European University of Madrid||Villaviciosa de Odón||Madrid||1995||Private|
|Francisco de Vitoria University||Pozuelo de Alarcón||Madrid||1993||Private|
|Comillas Pontifical University||Madrid||Madrid||1890||Catholic|
|San Damaso Ecclesiastical University||Madrid||Madrid||2011||Ecclesiastical|
|Universidad a Distancia de Madrid (in Spanish)||Collado Villalba||Madrid||2006||Private|
|University of Murcia||Murcia||Region of Murcia||1914||Public|
|Universidad Politécnica de Cartagena||Cartagena||Region of Murcia||1998||Public|
|Universidad Católica San Antonio de Murcia||Murcia||Region of Murcia||1996||Catholic|
|University of Navarre||Pamplona||Navarre||1952||Catholic|
|Universidad Pública de Navarra||Pamplona||Navarre||1987||Public|
|Jaume I University||Castellón de la Plana||Valencian Community||1991||Public|
|Valencian International University||Castellón de la Plana||Valencian Community||2008||Private|
|Miguel Hernández University of Elche||Elche||Valencian Community||1996||Public|
|Polytechnic University of Valencia||Valencia||Valencian Community||1968||Public|
|University of Alicante||San Vicente del Raspeig||Valencian Community||1979||Public|
|University of Valencia||Valencia||Valencian Community||1499||Public|
|Valencia Catholic University Saint Vincent Martyr||Valencia||Valencian Community||2003||Catholic|
|Universidad CEU Cardenal Herrera||Moncada||Valencian Community||1999||Catholic|
|European University of Valencia||Valencia||Valencian Community||2012||Private|
|Schellhammer Business School||Estepona||Andalusia||2009||Private|
Huelva is a city in southwestern Spain, the capital of the province of Huelva in the autonomous region of Andalusia. It is located at the confluence of the Odiel and Tinto rivers. According to the 2010 census, the city had a population of 149,410. Huelva is home to the oldest football club in Spain. A maritime town between the rivers Anas, Baetis, it was situated on the estuary of the River Luxia, on the road from the mouth of the Anas to Augusta Emerita; the city may be the site of Tartessus. The Greeks kept the name and rendered it Ὄνοβα, it was in the hands of the Turdetani at the time of conquest by Rome, before the conquest it issued silver coins with Iberian legends. It was called both Onoba Aestuaria or Onuba during Roman times, or Onoba; the city was incorporated into the Roman province of Hispania Baetica. The Arabs called it Walbah and ruled between 714-1250, it suffered substantial damage in the 1755 Lisbon earthquake. There are still some; the city had a mint. Modern inhabitants are called Onubenses in Spanish.
Part of a large wooden wheel, used to drain a copper mine in Huelva was discovered in the late nineteenth century. Dating to the Roman times, it was donated by the British mining company Rio Tinto to the British Museum in 1889. Mines in the countryside send pyrite to the port for export. From about 1873, the most important company in the area was the British mining firm; the mining operations caused severe sulfur dioxide pollution and were accompanied by protests of local farmers and miners, allied under the anarchist syndicalist leader Maximiliano Tornet. On 4 February 1888, the Pavi Regiment of the Spanish Army opened fire on demonstrators at the village plaza of Rio Tinto. Historians estimate the number of deaths between 100 and 200. Environmentalists from the nearby Nerva village referred to 1888 as the "year of shots" a hundred years in their protests against the province government's plans to site a large waste dump in a disused mine in the 1990s. During World War II, the city was a hub of espionage activities led by members of the large British and German communities.
German activity centered on reporting British shipping moving out of the Atlantic. Most famously, the city was the location where Operation Mincemeat allowed a body carrying false information to wash ashore; the body of Glyndwr Michael, the fictional "Major William Martin, Royal Marines," of the espionage operation is buried in the San Marco section of the cemetery of Nuestra Senora under a headstone that reads: William Martin, born 29 March 1907, died 24 April 1943, beloved son of John Glyndwyr and the late Antonia Martin of Cardiff, Wales, DULCE ET DECORUM EST PRO PATRIA MORI, R. I. P; the Commonwealth War Graves Commission in January 1998 added an inscription to the gravestone, which reads: Glyndwr Michael served as Major William Martin. On 11 October 2005, Hurricane Vince made landfall in Huelva as a tropical depression; the local football club, Recreativo de Huelva, is the oldest in Spain. It was founded in 1889 by workers of a British mining company; the Port of Huelva is divided in two sectors: the outer port: The Inner Port.
Constructed in 1972, the East Wharf, replaced constructed harbour facilities of inferior quality between 1900 and 1910. At the moment it is the wharf used for smaller traffic including tourist boats; the Outer Port was built in 1965, is located to the south of the River Tinto. Huelva is home to a provincial bus company. Huelva´s train station is now a shadow of its former self, exists on a spur line. There are no trains to Portugal. Huelva´s port hosts Naviera Armas´ ferry Volcan del Teide, on which one can travel weekly to Arrecife and Las Palmas de Gran Canaria. Huelva does not have an airport; the closest airports to the city are Seville Airport. Huelva had a population of 149,410 in 2010; the city experienced a population boom in the nineteenth century, due to the exploitation of mineral resources in the area, another with the construction of the Polo de Desarrollo in the 1960s. It had a population of 5,377 inhabitants in 1787, which had risen to only 8,519 by 1857. From 1887, the city experienced rapid growth, reaching 21,539 residents in 1900, 56,427 in 1940, 96,689 in 1970.
Rapid expansion occurred in the following decades and the population reached 141,479 by 1991. In the last ten years, immigration both from abroad and from the surrounding area have sustained population growth. In 2007, the city reached the 145,000 mark, while the metropolitan area had nearly 232,000 inhabitants, encompassing the surrounding areas of Aljaraque, San Juan del Puerto, Punta Umbría, Gibraleón, Palos de la Frontera; the 2006 census recorded a foreign population of 5,000 people in the urban centre, the majority of whom were of Moroccan origin. Huelva and its metropolitan area have a Subtropical-Mediterranean climate, characterized by mild and wet winters and long warm to hot and dry summers; the average annual temperature is 12.4 °C at night. The average annual precipitation is 525 mm per year, there are about 52 rainy days per year. Extreme temperatures have been 43.8 °C recorded on 25 July 2004 and −3.2 °C recorded on 28 January 2005 at Ronda Este. Among the attractions to visit in this province are the Columbus site
The University of Almería is a public university situated in Almería, Spain. Located on the shore of the Mediterranean Sea, it belongs to the La Cañada de San Urbano district of Almería City. In 2008 the University offered 38 different degree programmes, with 871 lecturers, 11,628 students. At the time of its foundation, its initial governing was assigned to D. Alberto Fernández Gutiérrez, as Vice-Chancellor. In 2007 Pedro Molina García was elected rector, he was succeeded by Carmelo Rodríguez Torreblanca, who obtained the 68.24% of the votes, elected by the university community in the elections that took place in early 2015, taking over from D. Alfredo Martinez Almécija; the University of Almería is connected by roads and bus services to the province. It is possible to come via the coast; this road is used by those coming from the south of the capital. There is an access road to the north from the AL-3200; this connects with the AL-12 motorway, which provides quick access from the north of the capital and the rest of the metropolitan area.
A number of students prefer to cross the Andarax River to avoid congestion. The AL-3200 is used from the East, but this is rare given the low population density in that area. From early on parking spaces are scarce, so visitors park several hundred yards away. Bus routes 11, 12, 18 of the local bus service come to UAL, connect it with the capital via the bus station, providing access to all students in the province; the service is busy during peak hours, so for this reason it is common to see additional buses on routes 13 and 14 for student use. The introduction of a tram is being considered, though government agencies do not deem it worthwhile. Polytechnics Labour Relations Health Sciences Economics and Business Studies Natural Sciences Education Law Humanities Psychology The Polyphonic Choir of the University of Almería is a mixed polyphonic chamber choir composed of university students, created in the University of Almería; the University Choir was founded as a polyphonic choir in 1994. Its director since has been José Luis Martínez, director of Almeria’s Vírgen del Mar Choir.
Its main objective is the study and diffusion of polyphonic choral music of all eras and styles. It performs at all official functions of the university, as well as at various choral meetings, participates in the music outreach programmes of Almería City Council, Almería Province Council, the Ministry of Culture of Andalusia, it has performed more than 150 recitals throughout Spain, its repertoire is close to 200 works. It has recorded several television shows, a CD. Official website Rector official website Enlace a Google Maps de la situación de la UAL
The University of Oviedo is a public university in Asturias. It is the only university in the region, it has three research centres, located in Oviedo, Gijón and Mieres. The University of Oviedo was established under the terms and conditions of the will of Archbishop Fernando de Valdés Salas, the General Inquisitor under Philip II of Spain, funded by his estate. In 1574 Pope Gregory XIII granted the Papal Bull to create the university and in 1604 Philip III issued its charter, it first opened for the teaching of classes on September 21, 1608. The ancient university had three faculties: the Faculty of Arts, which every student had to graduate from in order to continue his training in one of the other. After the French invasion of Spain the Historical Building of the University was occupied by invading troops and lectures were suspended until the War ended in 1812. During the 19th century, a group of liberal professors tried to bring the University closer to the working class with the Extensión Universitaria.
However, this goal was not achieved, on October 13, 1934, during the Socialist-led miners revolt in Asturias, strikers set fire to the University because it was seen as a bourgeois symbol. It was rebuilt after the Spanish Civil War; the number of faculties has multiplied in modern university, both through subdivisions of the traditional four faculties, through the absorption of academic disciplines which have developed within vocational schools, in areas such as engineering or nursing. Nowadays, the university has 31 faculties and professional schools, offering degrees and diplomas in over 150 fields of study. School of Law and Education, Polytechnic School of Mieres, Jovellanos Faculty of Commerce and Social Sciences, Gijón Polytechnic School of Engineering and Letters, Economy and Business and Geology, Mining Engineering, Biology and Health Sciences, Merchant Marine, School of Computer Engineering, Psychology Experimental Sciences: Analytic and Physical-Chemistry, Chemical Engineering and Environment Technologies, Mathematics and Inorganic Chemistry, Physics and Operations Research and Mathematics Education.
Health Sciences: Biochemistry and Functional Biology, Biology of Organisms and Systems, Functional Biology, Medicine and Cellular Biology and Medical-Surgical Specialities. Engineering: Telecommunication, Computer Sciences and Manufacturing Engineering, Electronical and Systems Engineering, Materials Science and Metallurgical Engineering, Mining Working and Prospecting, Nautical Science and Technologies. Social Sciences and Law: Accounting, Applied Economy, Basic Legal Sciences, Business Administration, Education Sciences, Economy and Companies Law, Public Law, Quantitative Economy, Sociology. Humanities: Anglo-German and French Philology and Music History and Romance Philology, History, Spanish Philology; the school has a large number of places in different classrooms, total counted 6 classrooms in the building, with spaces ranging from the 171 seats in the classroom with greater capacity, up to 75 seats in the lower-capacity classroom. In addition to these classrooms, there is a room hold up to 112 places, which are done lectures and presentations both subjects, as final projects.
Special mention the different laboratories that school has a total of 15 laboratories. Included in this equipment of various kinds, both PC and MAC. Rector: Santiago García Granda General Secretary: Eva María Cordero GonzálezGeneral Manager: Ana Isabel Caro MuñozVice-rectorates: Delegate for Coordination and University Strategy: Xabiel García Pañeda Vice-rectorate for Academic Organization: Juan José del Coz Díaz Vice-rectorate for Research: José Ramón Obeso Suárez Vice-rectorate for University Extension and International Development: Francisco José Borge López Vice-rectorate for Student Affairs: Elisa Miguélez González Vice-rectorate for Material and Technological Resources: Marta María Hernando Álvarez Vice-rectorate for Crosscutting Actions and Enterprise Cooperation: Eugenia Suárez SerranoSocial Council: Ladislao Azcona, representatives of political parties, trade-unions, etc. Council of Government: Rectoral Council and Representatives from University Staff, Faculties and Departments University Staff: Representatives of Professors, Administration Staff and Students Rectoral Council: Rector together with the Vice-Chancellors Antonio Arrúe Zarauz, Basque cultural activist and Carlist politician Antón de Marirreguera, Asturian-language writer Melchor de Navarra y Rocafull, viceroy of Peru Gaspar Melchor de Jovellanos, Enlightenment statesman and philosopher Agustín Argüelles, politic Faustino Rodríguez-San Pedro Díaz-Argüelles, Minister of Finance Rafael del Riego and liberal politician Leopoldo Alas Clarín, journalist and writer Armando Palacio Valdés, novelist and critic Melquíades Álvarez, politic Antonio Flores de Lemus and politic Ramón Pérez de Ayala, novelist Alejandro Casona and playwright Gonzalo Torrente Ballester, novelist Luis Suárez Fernández, historian Carlos Bousoño, poet Ángel González, poet José Manuel Castañón, writer Santiago Vera-Rivera, composer Gil Carlos Rodríguez Iglesias, former judge at the European Court of Justice Olvido
The Basque Country the Basque Autonomous Community is an autonomous community in northern Spain. It includes the Basque provinces of Álava and Gipuzkoa; the Basque Country or Basque Autonomous Community was granted the status of nationality within Spain, attributed by the Spanish Constitution of 1978. The autonomous community is based on the Statute of Autonomy of the Basque Country, a foundational legal document providing the framework for the development of the Basque people on Spanish soil. Navarre, which had narrowly rejected a joint statue of autonomy with Gipuzkoa, Álava and Biscay in 1932, was granted a separate statute in 1982. There is no official capital in the autonomous community, but the city of Vitoria-Gasteiz, in the province of Álava, is the de facto capital as the location of the Basque Parliament, the headquarters of the Basque Government, the residence of the President of the Basque Autonomous Community; the High Court of Justice of the Basque Country has its headquarters in the city of Bilbao.
Whilst Vitoria-Gasteiz is the largest municipality in area, with 277 km2, Bilbao is the largest in population, with 353,187 people, located in the province of Biscay within a conurbation of 875,552 people. The term Basque Country may refer to the larger cultural region, the home of the Basque people, which includes the autonomous community; the following provinces make up the autonomous community: Álava, capital Vitoria-Gasteiz Biscay, capital Bilbao-Bilbo Gipuzkoa, capital Donostia-San Sebastián The Basque Country borders Cantabria and the Burgos province to the west, the Bay of Biscay to the north and Navarre to the east and La Rioja to the south. The territory has three distinct areas, which are defined by the two parallel ranges of the Basque Mountains; the main range of mountains forms the watershed between the Mediterranean basins. The highest point of the range is in the Aizkorri massif; the three areas are: Formed by many valleys with short rivers that flow from the mountains to the Bay of Biscay, like the Nervión, Urola or Oria.
The coast is rough, with small inlets. The main features of the coast are the Bilbao Abra Bay and the Estuary of Bilbao, the Urdaibai estuary and the Bidasoa-Txingudi Bay that forms the border with France. Between the two mountain ranges, the area is occupied by a high plateau called Llanada Alavesa, where the capital Vitoria-Gasteiz is located; the rivers flow south from the mountains to the Ebro River. The main rivers are the Zadorra Bayas River. From the southern mountains to the Ebro is the so-called Rioja Alavesa, which shares the Mediterranean characteristics of other Ebro Valley zones; some of Spain's production of Rioja wine takes place here. The Basque Mountains form the watershed and mark the distinct climatic areas of the Basque Country: The northern valleys, in Biscay and Gipuzkoa and the valley of Ayala in Álava, are part of Green Spain, where the oceanic climate is predominant, with its wet weather all year round and moderate temperatures. Precipitation average is about 1200 mm; the middle section is influenced more by the continental climate, but with a varying degree of the northern oceanic climate.
This gives cold, snowy winters. The Ebro valley has a pure continental climate: winters are cold and dry and summers warm and dry, with precipitation peaking in spring and autumn. Precipitation is irregular, as low as 300 mm. Half of the 2,155,546 inhabitants of the Basque Autonomous Community live in Greater Bilbao, Bilbao's metropolitan area. Of the ten most populous cities, six form part of Bilbao's conurbation, known as Greater Bilbao. With 28.2% of the Basque population born outside this region, immigration is crucial to Basque demographics. Over the 20th century most of this immigration came from other parts of Spain from Galicia or Castile and León. Over recent years, sizeable numbers of this population have returned to their birthplaces and most immigration to the Basque country now comes from abroad, chiefly from South America. Roman Catholicism is, by far, the largest religion in the Basque Country. In 2012, the proportion of Basques that identified themselves as Roman Catholic was 58.6%, while it is one of the most secularised communities of Spain: 24.6% were non-religious and 12.3% of Basques were atheist.
Bilbao-Bilbo Vitoria-Gasteiz San Sebastián-Donostia Barakaldo Getxo Irun Portugalete Santurtzi Basauri Errenteria Spanish and Basque are co-official in all territories of the autonomous community. The Basque-speaking areas in the modern-day autonomous community are set against the wider context of the Basque language, spoken to the east in Navarre and the French Basque Country; the whole Basque speaking territory has experienced both expansion in its history. The Basque language experienced a gradual territorial contraction throughout the last nine centuries, severe deterioration of its sociolinguistic status for much of the 20th century due to heavy immigration from other parts of Spain, the virtual nonexistence of Basque language schooling, national policies implemented by the different Spanish régimes. After the advent of the Statute of Autonomy of the Basque Countr
The University of Zaragoza, sometimes referred to as Saragossa University is a university located in Zaragoza, in the Aragon region of Spain. Founded in 1542, it is one of the oldest universities in Spain, with a history dating back to the Roman period; the university has over 40,000 students in its 22 faculties. The university is the only public university in the region, its activity is spread along the three provinces of Aragon, with teaching campuses and research centres in Huesca and Zaragoza. Ecclesiastical Schools were the initial elements of the University of Zaragoza; these schools were consolidated into the School of Zaragoza, led by Bishop Braulio during the 7th century. The School of Arts becoming a university in 1542, though some scholars argue it could be considered a University of Arts from 1477; the Studium Generale of Arts called Studio Mayor or primitive University of Zaragoza, was in the Magdalena and St. Nicholas neighborhoods, its main building was a broad tower of circular base on the old wall of the city, it had more than 20 chambers distributed in three different floors.
Besides the normal chambers that were granted and rented by the University to both pupils and teachers, on the first floor the tower had the chamber called "General Mayor," where the grades were provided, a library. On the second floor there was the latrines and the doorkeeper's chamber. In the last floor there were bigger rooms with balconies, the chamber of the four Masters of Arts; the Studium had bought more chambers in the tower surroundings and on the city wall, the most important ones were the five chambers called "El Cocinador," and eleven more in the Studium’s square, called "El Corralet" chambers. The Studium’s head was the Chancellor, a position always held by the archbishop of Zaragoza, the second in command was the Vicechancellor, the High Master of the Studium; the High Master collected taxes from any pupil, with the exception of the poor, the cleric from La Seo cathedral, or any student he would want to forgive such payment. Under him there were the four Masters of Arts, four positions reserved for selected individuals that held a master of arts degree, who were in charge of the teaching of the liberal arts.
Under them there were the "Bachilleres," who were teaching advanced Latin grammar, the "Camareros," who were providing more basic Latin lessons. The lowest rank teachers were the "Cubicularios," called "repetidores" in other Studiums, who repeated the lessons from the other teachers; the Studium had a Rector, an apostolic position that represented the Archbishop’s power in this primitive university, had the power of approving all the academic positions in the Studium, administrated the fees from the students for reparations and other needs of this university. The primitive University of Zaragoza had a Faculty of Aristotelian Logic and another of Philosophy, all together they formed the Faculty of Arts, but this Studium Generale had a Faculty of Grammar, which had several hundreds of students during the first decades of the XVI century, while the Faculty of Arts had near 50. In order to get their grades, the students had to be endorsed by another older student or teacher and to pass private exams, pay fees.
Lessons were taught in the morning and afternoons, which made that many of them would rent chambers for staying at night. This primitive University of Zaragoza had physician master Pedro La Cabra as its first High Master, after him the maestre Luis Gorriz, who died in 1510. After him, the archbishop appointed his personal physician, master Juan Tarabal, who remained in this position until 1520, when the archbishop died because of the plague; that year Tarabal was substituted by master Gaspar Lax, a prolific author and prominent European figure in logic and mathematics, whose works were used in many other contemporaneous universities. Lax had been teaching in the University of Paris and in the University of Huesca, from 1520 he was High Master and one of the four Masters of Arts; this High Master had erasmian friends, both in Paris and Zaragoza, allowed Erasmus’s works to be taught in this Studium. That same year of 1520 Michael Servetus, brilliant nephew of Gaspar Lax, started his studies under the direction of his uncle and the other three Masters of Arts.
Servetus became himself a Master of Arts in 1525, a position he held until 1527, when he had a brawl with his uncle Gaspar Lax, after being expelled from the Studium he left Spain for Toulouse Studium Generale. Lax kept being the High Master until his death in 1560; the University of Zaragoza is the main centre of technological innovation in the Ebro Valley and enjoys a great prestige among the group of Spanish and International universities it has relations with. Academic staff at the University of Zaragoza are specialised and have a broad research and teaching experience. Be it Spanish as a Foreign Language or fields as interesting to international students as Spanish Literature, Archaeology, History and Physics of Complex Systems or Nanotechnologies, the combination of teaching and research is proving successful; the University, with a total of about 40.000 students, is composed by a teaching staff of about 3.000 with different positions and an administrative and technical staff of about 2.000.
It is distributed in campuses located in Z
Oviedo is the capital city of the Principality of Asturias in northern Spain and the administrative and commercial centre of the region. It is the name of the municipality that contains the city. Oviedo is located 24 km southwest of Gijón and 23 km south of Avilés, both of which lie on the shoreline of the Bay of Biscay, its proximity to the ocean causes Oviedo to have a maritime climate, in spite of it not being located on the shoreline itself. The Kingdom of Asturias began in 720, with the Visigothic aristocrat Pelagius's revolt against the Muslims who at the time were occupying most of the Iberian Peninsula; the Moorish invasion that began in 711 had taken control of most of the peninsula, until the revolt in the northern mountains by Pelagius. The resulting Kingdom of Asturias, located in an economically poor region of Iberia, was ignored by the Muslims. In 720, the area where Oviedo is now located was still uninhabited, it is said that two monks, Máximo and Fromestano, founded the city in 761.
That settlement was soon to be completed with the construction of a small church dedicated to Saint Vincent. Oviedo was established on an uninhabited hillside, with no Visigothic or Roman foundation before it became an Asturian city. Following Pelagius, who died in 737, Alfonso I founded a dynasty that would last until 1037; the Asturian Kingdom was on hostile terms with southern Moorish Spain. In 794, Oviedo was sacked and pillaged by Caliph Hisham I in one of his numerous campaigns against the Christian kingdoms. King Alfonso I is said to have "set in place the whole order of the Goths, as it had been in Toledo, as much in the church as in the palace." The intention with Oviedo was to shape it into a city similar to that of Visigothic Toledo. Once kings had settled in Oviedo, they adopted as much of the architectural style and imagery of Toledo. With this in mind, Oviedo did not resemble the old Visigothic capital in Toledo; the churches and buildings of Oviedo follow instead late provincial Roman tradition.
Since Asturias at the time was an agriculturally poor area of Spain the scale of the buildings is quite impressive. Oviedo’s rich architectural tradition began with King Fruela I. King Fruela I of Asturias, the fourth of the Asturian monarchs, was the first decided promoter of the city as may be witnessed by his construction of both a palace and a nearby church; this church was restored by Alfonso II. Oviedo owes to a king, Alfonso II The Chaste, its establishment as a capital city and ruling seat as a result of the moving of the court from Pravia and the creation of the Pilgrim’s Route to Santiago de Compostela, a major event in the history of Oviedo, a church dedicated to The Saviour, the Cathedral of San Salvador, a royal palace formed the nucleus of Oviedo. Constructed during Alfonso II's reign was the San Julian de los Prados church, one of the best preserved Asturian churches. Alfonso II's successor, Ramiro I, continued Alfonso II's construction streak. Ramiro I constructed the Church Santa Maria del Naranco and San Miguel de Lillo.
The Church Santa Maria de Naranco was to be Ramiro I's palace and changed into a church. By this time the Court of the Palace was centered in Oviedo, the main royal residence; this court was controlled by member of the Austurian nobility. Ramiro I's eight-year tenure was uneasy, he faced rebellions from the Counts of the Palace; the first rebellion against Ramiro I was led by Alroitus, the second rebellion was led by Piniolus. Both of these rebellions were unsuccessful in removing Ramiro I; these rebellions may have been why Ramiro I built his palace in the mountains surrounding Oviedo away from the violence. During the 9th century in Oviedo, Roman style property law is common. 9th century documents indicate small scale aristocracies across the kingdom, as well as a large presence of a landowning peasantry. Following Ramiro I's reign, Ordoño I came into power and began the Asturian king’s father-son succession. Ordoño I was the first king to push southwards into Arab territory. Following Ordoño I's death on May 27, 866, usurpers attempted to take the throne.
The following king Alfonso III, thirteen at the time, took refuge in Castile until his followers had killed the usurper. Alfonso III's contributions to building construction are not nearly as well documented as Ramiro I's or Alfonso II's contributions; the Chronicle of Alfonso III does not mention any buildings created by Alfonso III, neither does the Chronicle of Albelda. In 882, the body of the Cordoban martyr Eulogius was sent to Oviedo; this was meant a diplomatic gift from Emir Muhammad I. Eulogius was executed in 859; the body was accompanied by Eulogius's book collection. In the 16th century, the only manuscript of Eulogius's writings was discovered in the Oviedo Cathedral Library. Here it was copied once before it disappeared from the library. Following an offensive in 881 against an Umayyad army, Alfsonso III returned to Oviedo to rebuild churches, it was at this time. The Chronicle of Albelda and the Chronicle of Sampiro tie Alfonso III's victories in battle to his program of church building in Oviedo.
In 908, Alfonso III commissioned a gold and jewelled cross to contain the cross carried by Pelagius I at Covadonga. This "Cross of Victory" is located in the Camara Sancta in the Oviedo Cathedral. However, recent Carbon14 analysis of the wooden cross indicates that it was no older than the golden casing created to surround the cross; the commission of the casing shows us Alfonso III’s interest in
The University of Granada is a public university located in the city of Granada and founded in 1531 by Emperor Charles V. With 80,000 students, it is the fourth largest university in Spain. Apart from the city of Granada, UGR has campuses in Northern Africa. In the academic year 2012/2013 2,000 European students were enrolled in UGR through the Erasmus Programme, making it the most popular European destination; the university's Center for Modern Languages receives over 10,000 international students each year. In 2014, UGR was voted the best Spanish university by international students. In 1526 a college was founded in Granada by Holy Roman Emperor Charles V for the teaching of logic, philosophy and canon law. On 14 July 1531, the establishment of a studium generale with the faculties of theology and canon law was granted by a papal bull by Clement VII, marking the birth hour of the university; the university has an important heritage thanks to its policy of using buildings of historical and cultural value such as the former madrasah and the former Royal Hospital of Granada.
Furthermore, the university has major new facilities committed to innovation, such as the Parque Tecnológico de Ciencias de la Salud. According to several rankings, the University of Granada ranks among top ten best Spanish universities and holds first place in Translation and Interpreting studies, it is considered the national leader in Computer Science Engineering. UGR plays a major role in scientific output, placing high in national ranks and being one of the best world universities in computing and mathematics studies. UGR is composed of 5 Schools, 22 Faculties and 116 Departments responsible for teaching and researching into specific subject areas, they are spread over five different campuses in the city of Granada, plus two more campuses located in the cities of Ceuta and Melilla, Spanish territories in Northern Africa. School of Building Engineering School of Architecture School of Civil Engineering School of Information Technology and Telecommunications Faculty of Fine Arts Faculty of Sciences Faculty of Sport Sciences Faculty of Economics and Business Faculty of Education Faculty of Political Science and Sociology Faculty of Health Sciences Faculty of Labour Studies Faculty of Communication and Documentation Faculty of Law Faculty of Pharmacy Faculty of Philosophy and Humanities Faculty of Medicine Faculty of Dentistry Faculty of Psychology Faculty of Social Work Faculty of Translation and Interpreting Faculty of Health Sciences Faculty of Education and Humanities Faculty of Social Sciences Faculty of Education and Technology Faculty of NursingThe University of Granada offers a wide range of postgraduate programmes, made up of studies adapted to the European model.
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