List of wars involving Denmark

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This is a list of wars involving the Kingdom of Denmark.

700–1300[edit]

Year War Belligerents (excluding Denmark) Outcome
Allies Enemies
793–1066 Viking invasions of England Denmark Denmark
 Norway
England Kingdom of England Victory
1048-1064 Invasion of Denmark Denmark Denmark Norway Norway Stalemate
  • Peace agreement, mutual recognition and Norwegian withdrawal.
1131-1157 Danish Civil War (Civil war)[1] Denmark Valdemar I of Denmark Denmark Sweyn III of Denmark
Denmark Canute V of Denmark
Victory
  • Valdemar I is made king of all of Denmark
1144-1147 Wendish Crusade Denmark Denmark
POL Przemysł II 1295 COA.svg Kingdom of Poland
Holy Roman EmpireKingdom of Germany
Polabian Slavs
West Slavs
Victory
1203-1290 Livonian Crusade Zakon Kawalerów Mieczowych COA.svg Sword-Brothers
Baltic coat of arms.svg Livonian Order
Denmark Denmark
Sweden
Indigenous peoples Victory
1274-1275 The war against Valdemar Birgersson Denmark Denmark
Magnus III of Sweden
Sweden Victory
1276-1278 6000-mark war Denmark Denmark Sweden Victory
1289-1295 War of the Outlaws Denmark Denmark  Norway
Danish outlaws
Defeat

1300–1500[edit]

Year War Belligerents (excluding Denmark) Outcome
Allies Enemies
1304-1310 The Swedish brother's feud Denmark Denmark
COA family sv Magnus Ladulås.svg Birger Magnusson
 Norway
Duke Eric and Valdemar
Victory
1343–1345 St. George's Night Uprising Den tyske ordens skjold.svgTeutonic Order

Denmark Denmark

Revala
Harria
Rotalia
Vironia
Oeselia
Victory
1392-1398 War with the Victual Brothers  Kalmar Union Victual Brothers Victory
  • Formation of the Kalmar Union.
1426-1435 Dano-Hanseatic War  Kalmar Union Wappen Landkreis Schaumburg.svg House of Schaumburg
Hanse Lübeck.svg Hanseatic League
Defeat

1500–1699[edit]

Year War Belligerents (excluding Denmark) Outcome
Allies Enemies
1501–1503 War of Deposition against King Hans  Kalmar Union Sweden Defeat John, King of Denmark deposed as King of Sweden.
1501–1512 Dano-Swedish War (1501–1512)  Kalmar Union Sweden
Free City of Lübeck (from 1509)
Victory Treaty of Malmö: Lübeck and the Hanseatic League stop support for Sweden and agree to pay contribution, Sweden agrees further negotiations about a compromise to preserve the union
1521–1523 Swedish War of Liberation  Kalmar Union Sweden
Free City of Lübeck (from 1522)
Defeat Treaty of Malmö: Regained Swedish independence, dissolution of Kalmar Union, Sweden renounced its claims to Scania and Blekinge.
1534–1536 Count's Feud (civil war) Denmark Christian III
Coat of arms of Schleswig.svg Duchy of Schleswig
 Holstein
 Sweden
 Duchy of Prussia
Jutland
Denmark Christian II
Wappen Lübeck.svg Christopher of Oldenburg
Free City of Lübeck
 Skåne
 Malmø
 Copenhagen
Zealand
Reformation in Denmark–Norway and Holstein
1558–1583 Livonian War Baltic coat of arms.svg Livonian Confederation
Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth
Denmark Denmark–Norway

Sweden Kingdom of Sweden
Zaporozhian Cossacks
Principality of Transylvania

Tsardom of Russia
Qasim Khanate
Kingdom of Livonia
Victory
1563–1570 Northern Seven Years' War Free City of Lübeck

Poland–Lithuania

 Sweden Status quo ante bellum Treaty of Stettin (1570)
1571 Danish attack on Poland Denmark Kingdom of Denmark Chorągiew królewska króla Zygmunta III Wazy.svg Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth Victory
1611–1613 Kalmar War Denmark Denmark–Norway  Sweden Victory Treaty of Knäred (1613)
1618–1648 Thirty Years' War Protestant States and Allies

 Sweden
 Kingdom of France
 Bohemia
Denmark Denmark–Norway (1625-1629)
 Saxony
 United Provinces
Electorate of the Palatinate
Brunswick-Lüneburg
 England
 Scotland
Brandenburg-Prussia
Transylvania
Hungarian Anti-Habsburg Rebels
Zaporozhian Cossacks
 Ottoman Empire

Roman Catholic States and Allies

 Holy Roman Empire

Spain and its possessions
Denmark Denmark–Norway (1643-1645)

Defeat Peace of Westphalia
1643–1645 Torstenson War Denmark Denmark–Norway
 Holy Roman Empire
 Sweden
 Dutch Republic
Defeat Treaty of Brömsebro (1645)
1657–1660 Second Northern War Habsburg Monarchy
Poland–Lithuania
Russia (1656–58)
Brandenburg-Prussia
 Dutch Republic
 Sweden
Brandenburg Brandenburg-Prussia
Transylvania
Ukrainian Cossacks
Wallachia
Moldavia
Defeat Treaty of Roskilde (February 26, 1658)
1665-1667 Second Anglo-Dutch War  Dutch Republic
Denmark Denmark–Norway
 Kingdom of France
 Kingdom of England
Flag of the Prince-Bishopric of Münster.svg Bishopric of Münster
Victory Treaty of Breda (1667)
1666 Second Swedish War on Bremen Flag of Bremen.svg Bremen
D'argent croix de sable.svg Electorate of Cologne
DEU Fuerstentum Lueneburg COA.svg Brunswick-Lüneburg
Denmark Denmark–Norway
Wappen Mark Brandenburg.png Electorate of Brandenburg
Dutch Republic Dutch Republic
 Sweden Treaty of Habenhausen
1672–1674 Third Anglo-Dutch War  Dutch Republic
Denmark Denmark–Norway
 Kingdom of England
Flag of the Prince-Bishopric of Münster.svg Bishopric of Münster
 Kingdom of France
Victory Treaty of Westminster (1674)
1675–1678 Franco-Dutch War[2]  Dutch Republic
 Holy Roman Empire
 Spain
DenmarkDenmark–Norway
 Kingdom of France
 Kingdom of England
 Sweden
Treaty of Westminster
Treaties of Nijmegen
1675–1679 Scanian War  United Provinces
 Holy Roman Empire
Brandenburg
 Sweden
 Kingdom of France
Status quo ante bellum Treaty of Fontainebleau (1679)

1700–1799[edit]

Year War Belligerents (excluding Denmark) Outcome
Allies Enemies
1700–1720 Great Northern War Russia Tsardom of Russia
 Electorate of Saxony
Poland–Lithuania
Flag of the Cossack Hetmanat.svg Cossack Hetmanate
 Prussia
Province of Hanover Hanover
 Great Britain
Denmark Denmark–Norway
 Sweden
Wappen Herzogtum Holstein 1703.gif Holstein-Gottorp
Poland–Lithuania
 Ottoman Empire
Flag of the Cossack Hetmanat.svg Cossack Hetmanate (1708–9)
 Great Britain
Victory Treaty of Frederiksborg (1720)
1703-1711 Rákóczi's War of Independence  Holy Roman Empire:

 Denmark–Norway

Civil Ensign of Hungary.svg Kurucs (Kingdom of Hungary)
Transsylvanian Banner.svg Principality of Transylvania
 Kingdom of France
Victory
1701–1714 War of the Spanish Succession[3] Armoiries Charles VI de Habsbourg.svg Spain loyal to Archduke Charles
 Habsburg Monarchy
 Great Britain (before 1707)
 Dutch Republic
 Duchy of Savoy
 Kingdom of Prussia
Portugal Kingdom of Portugal
Escudo del Principe de Asturias 1700-1761 (sin diferencias).png Spain loyal to Philip V of Spain
 Kingdom of France
Bavaria Electorate of Bavaria
Victory Treaty of Rastatt and Treaty of Utrecht
1770-1772 Danish–Algerian War Denmark–Norway Dey of Algiers Defeat
1788–1789 Theatre War  Denmark  Sweden Defeat
1788–1790 Russo-Swedish War  Russian Empire  Sweden Status quo ante bellum
1797 Action of 16 May 1797  Denmark  Ottoman Empire (de jure) Victory
1798–1802 War of the Second Coalition  France
 Spain
POL COA Ciołek.svg Polish Legions
Denmark Denmark–Norway
French client republics:
 Holy Roman Empire

 Great Britain (until 1801)
 United Kingdom (from 1801)
 Russia (until 1799)
 Portugal
 Kingdom of Naples
Tuscany Grand Duchy of Tuscany
Sovereign Military Order of Malta Order of Saint John (1798)
Malta (1798–1800)
 Ottoman Empire
Kingdom of France French Royalists

Victory Treaty of Lunéville and Treaty of Amiens

1800–1945[edit]

Year War Belligerents (excluding Denmark) Outcome
Allies Enemies
1800–1813 Napoleonic Wars  France
 Ottoman Empire
 United Kingdom
 Sweden
 Russia
 Austrian Empire
 Prussia
 Spain
Portugal
 Ottoman Empire (until 1803)
 United Netherlands
Defeat Congress of Vienna (1815)
1801, 1807-1814 English Wars Flag of Denmark.svg Denmark-Norway

Flag of France.svg French Empire
Flag of Spain (1785–1873, 1875–1931).svg Spain

Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom

Flag of Sweden.svg Sweden

Defeat
1807–1814 Gunboat War  Denmark-Norway  United Kingdom Defeat
1808–1809 Finnish War Russian Empire Russian Empire
 Denmark-Norway
 France
Spain
 Sweden
 United Kingdom
Portugal
Victory Treaty of Fredrikshamn
1808–1809 Dano-Swedish War (1808-09) Denmark-Norway
 France
 Sweden
 United Kingdom
Stalemate
1813-1814 War of the Sixth Coalition  First French Empire

 Napoleonic Italy
 Kingdom of Naples
Flag of the Duchy of Warsaw.svg Duchy of Warsaw
Denmark–NorwayDenmark–Norway
Confederation of the Rhine

 Russian Empire
Kingdom of Prussia Kingdom of Prussia
 Austrian Empire
 United Kingdom
Sweden Sweden
Spain Spanish Empire
Portugal Kingdom of Portugal
 Two Sicilies
 Kingdom of Sardinia
Saxony
 Bavaria
 Württemberg
Baden
Netherlands United Netherlands
Defeat
Treaty of Fontainebleau
First Treaty of Paris
1848–1850 First Schleswig War  Denmark  Kingdom of Prussia
Duchy of Holstein
German Empire
Victory London Protocol
1864 Second War of Schleswig  Denmark  German Confederation: Defeat

Treaty of Vienna (1864)

1918–1920 Estonian War of Independence[4]  Estonia
 United Kingdom
 Finland
 Denmark
 Latvia
Sweden Swedish volunteers
Russia White Movement
 Russian SFSR
Commune of the Working People of Estonia
Victory
1939–1940 Winter War[5]
World War II
 Finland  Soviet Union
1939–1940 Phoney War
World War II
 France
 Norway
 United Kingdom
 Nazi Germany
 Kingdom of Italy
1940 Operation Weserübung
World War II
 Norway
 United Kingdom
 France
 Poland
 Nazi Germany Defeat German forces occupy Denmark.
1940–1945 Occupation of Denmark
World War II
 United Kingdom
 Soviet Union
 Hungary
 Nazi Germany
Victory German forces withdrew at the end of World War II following their surrender to the Allies on 5 May 1945.

1946–present[edit]

Year War Belligerents (excluding Denmark) Outcome
Allies Enemies
1950–1953 Korean War  South Korea
 United States
 North Korea
 China
Ceasefire
1990–1991 Gulf War  Argentina
 Australia
 Bahrain
 Bangladesh
 Belgium
 Canada
 Czechoslovakia
 Egypt
 France
 Greece
 Hungary
 Italy
 Kuwait
 Morocco
 Netherlands
 New Zealand
 Niger
 Norway
 Oman
 Pakistan
 Poland
 Qatar
 Saudi Arabia
 Senegal
 Spain
 South Korea
 Sweden
 Syria
 United Arab Emirates
 United Kingdom
 United States
Iraq
Kuwait Republic of Kuwait
Victory
1992–1995 Bosnian War
(Operation Bøllebank)
 Croatia
 Bosnia and Herzegovina
 NATO
 FR Yugoslavia Victory, Dayton Accords
1998–1999 Kosovo War  Albania
 Kosovo
 NATO
 FR Yugoslavia Victory, Kumanovo Treaty
2002–2014 War in Afghanistan  Afghanistan
 Armenia
 Austria
 Azerbaijan
 Bosnia and Herzegovina
 Finland
 Georgia
 Jordan
 Macedonia
 Montenegro
 NATO
 Sweden
 Ukraine
 Australia
 Malaysia
 Mongolia
 New Zealand
 Singapore
 South Korea
  Switzerland
 Tonga
 United Arab Emirates
 United Kingdom
Afghanistan Taliban
al-Qaeda
Victory, Defeat of Taliban forces
2002–ongoing Operation Enduring Freedom – Horn of Africa
Part of the War on Terrorism
 Australia
 China
 Djibouti
 Ethiopia
 India
 Japan
 Kenya
 Malaysia
 NATO
 New Zealand
 Russia
 Seychelles
 Singapore
 Somalia
 South Korea
 Sweden
 Uganda
 Ukraine
al-Qaeda Conflict ongoing
2003–2011 Iraq War  Armenia
 Australia
 Azerbaijan
 Bosnia and Herzegovina
 Dominican Republic
 El Salvador
 Georgia
 Honduras
 Iraq
 Japan
 Kazakhstan
Iraqi Kurdistan Peshmerga
 Macedonia
 Moldova
 Mongolia
 NATO
 New Zealand
 Nicaragua
 Philippines
 Poland
 Singapore
 South Korea
 Thailand
 Ukraine
 United Kingdom
 United States
Baath Party Loyalists

Islamic State of Iraq
al-Qaeda in Iraq
Mahdi Army

Victory, Danish withdrawal in 2008
2009-2016 Operation Ocean Shield  Somalia
 United States
 United Kingdom
 Denmark
 Netherlands
 Spain
 Greece
 Germany
 Belgium
 Canada
 Italy
 Portugal
 Turkey
 Norway
 Australia
 India
 New Zealand
 Japan
 Saudi Arabia
 Ukraine
 South Korea
Somalia Somali Pirates Victory

Number of Somali pirate attacks have been reduced dramatically

2011 2011 Libyan Civil War  Jordan
Libya National Transitional Council
 NATO
 Qatar
 United Arab Emirates
 United Kingdom
 United States
 Sweden
 Libyan Arab Jamahiriya Victory, Overthrow of Gaddafi government
UN, EU, AL and AU diplomatically recognise the National Transitional Council as the sole governing authority for Libya
2014-present Military intervention against ISIL United States United States
 Canada (2014–17)
 Belgium (2014–17)
 Sweden
 Germany
 Italy
 Turkey (2014–17)
 Netherlands
 Jordan
 Morocco (2014–16)
 United Kingdom
 ISIL Ongoing

References and notes[edit]

  1. ^ Bøgh, Anders (26 May 2015). "The Civil War periode 1131-1157". danmarkshistorien.dk/ (in Danish). Aarhus Universitet. Retrieved 21 November 2016. 
  2. ^ "1675 AD". Retrieved 30 October 2011. 
  3. ^ "The War of Spanish Succession 1701–1714". World History at KMLA. Retrieved 31 October 2011. 
  4. ^ "Iseseisvuse aeg 1918–40". Eesti. Üld. 11. Eesti entsüklopeedia. 2002. pp. 296–311. 
  5. ^ See Foreign support in the Winter War

See also[edit]