List of wars involving Romania

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This is a list of wars fought by Romania since 1859:

The United Principalities of Moldavia and Wallachia (1859-1862)[edit]

The United Principalities of Moldavia and Wallachia did not participate in any war.

Romanian United Principalities (1862-1866)[edit]

Romanian United Principalities did not participate in any war.

Principality of Romania (1866-1881)[edit]

Conflict Belligerents Result Romanian commanders
Date Name Allies Enemies Outcome Losses Prince Prime Minister Defense Minister General Chief of Staff
24 April 1877 - 3 March 1878 Romanian War of Independence or Russo-Turkish War (1877–78)  Russian Empire
Romania Principality of Romania
Serbia Principality of Serbia
 Principality of Montenegro

Co-belligerents
Flag of Stiliana Paraskevova.svg Bulgarian volunteers
Serb rebels of Bosnia

 Ottoman Empire Victory
  • due to the reestablishment of the Bulgarian state, Ottoman Empire lost its common border with Romania
4,302 dead and missing

3,316 wounded

19,904 sick
Carol I
Ion C. Brătianu
Alexandru Cernat
Gheorghe Slăniceanu (until Aug. 1877)

Constantin Barozzi (Aug.-Oct. 1877)

Ştefan Fălcoianu (from Oct. 1877)

Kingdom of Romania (1881-1947)[edit]

Conflict Belligerents Result Romanian commanders
Date Name Allies Enemies Outcome Losses King Prime Minister Defense Minister General Chief of Staff
21 February 1907 - 5 April 1907 1907 Romanian Peasants' Revolt
  • Uprising peasants

Active neutrality
 Austria-Hungary

Victory
  • Crushing of the rebellion
10 dead and 5 wounded (military)
3,000 civilian casualties
Carol I
Gheorghe Grigore Cantacuzino (until 24 March 1907)

Dimitrie Sturdza (from 24 March 1907)
Alexandru Averescu
Nicolae Tătărăscu (until 1 April 1907)

Grigore C. Crăiniceanu (from 1 April 1907)
29 June 1913 - 10 August 1913

Romania entered: 10 July 1913

Second Balkan War  Serbia
 Greece
 Romania
 Montenegro

Co-belligerent
 Ottoman Empire

 Bulgaria Victory
negligible combat casualties
6,000 dead of disease
Titu Maiorescu
Constantin Harjeu
Alexandru Averescu
28 July 1914 - 11 November 1918

Romania entered: 27 August 1916


Romania temporary exited: 9 December 1917


Romania re-entered: 10 November 1918

World War I Triple Entente

Flag of France.svg France
 United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland

Flag of Russia.svg Russia (1914-1917)


Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg Italy (1915-1918)
Flag of Japan (1870-1999).svg Japan
 Romania (1916-1918)
 Serbia
 Belgium
 Greece (1917-1918)
Flag of Portugal.svg Portugal (1916-1918)
 Montenegro (1914-1916)
Republic of China (1912–1949) China (1917-1918)
Flag of Thailand.svg Siam (1917-1918)


Co-belligerents
United States United States (1917-1918)
Flag of Hejaz 1917.svg Kingdom of Hejaz (1916-1918)
Flag of the Second Saudi State.svg Emirate of Nejd and Hasa
Flag of Asir.svg Idrisid Emirate of Asir (1915-1918)
Flag of Nepal (19th century-1962).svg Nepal
Flag of Brazil.svg Brazil (1917-1918)
Flag of the Transcaucasian Federation.svg Transcaucasian Democratic Federative Republic
Flag of the First Republic of Armenia.svg Democratic Republic of Armenia
Flag of Monaco.svg Monaco
Flag of Cuba.svg Cuba
Flag of Panama.svg Panama
Flag of Guatemala.svg Guatemala
Flag of Nicaragua.svg Nicaragua
Flag of Costa Rica.svg Costa Rica
Flag of Haiti.svg Haiti
Flag of Honduras.svg Honduras


Supply only
Flag of Liberia.svg Liberia (1917-1918)


Diplomatic only
Flag of Peru.svg Peru
Flag of Bolivia.svg Bolivia
Flag of Uruguay.svg Uruguay
Flag of Ecuador.svg Ecuador
Flag of San Marino.svg San Marino


Active neutrality
 Norway
 Venezuela

Central Powers
 Germany

 Austria-Hungary
 Ottoman Empire
 Bulgaria (1915-1918)


Co-belligerents
Flag of the Emirate of Ha'il.svg Emirate of Jabal Shammar
Dervish flag.svg Dervish state
Flag of Darfur.svg Sultanate of Darfur
Flag of Cyrenaica.svg Senussi (1915-1917)


Flag of the Mountainous Republic of the Northern Caucasus.svg Mountainous Republic of the Northern Caucasus (1917-1918)
Flag of Kuban People's Republic.svg Kuban People's Republic (1918)
Flag of Georgia (1918-1921).svg Democratic Republic of Georgia (1918)
Flag of Azerbaijan.svg Azerbaijan Democratic Republic (1918)

Defeat
535,706
Ferdinand I
Ion I. C. Brătianu
Constantin Iancovescu
Vasile Zottu
(until Oct. 1916)

Dumitru Iliescu
(Oct.-Dec. 1916)

Constantin Prezan
(from Dec. 1916)
Victory
Constantin Coandă
Eremia Grigorescu
Constantin Prezan
1 November 1918 - 17 July 1919

Romania entered: 11 November 1918


Romania exited: 11 June 1919

Polish–Ukrainian War  Poland

 Romania


Only police troops
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Czechoslovakia (1918-1919)
Flag of Hungary (1918-1919; 3-2 aspect ratio).svg Hungarian Democratic Republic (1919)

Ukraine West Ukrainian People's Republic

 Ukrainian People's Republic


Co-belligerents
Ukraine Hutsul Republic (1919)
Ukraine Komancza Republic


Active neutrality
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Czechoslovakia (1919)

Victory
negligible
Constantin Coandă
(until Nov. 1918)


Ion I. C. Brătianu
(from Nov. 1918)
Eremia Grigorescu
(until Nov. 1918)


Artur Văitoianu
(from Nov. 1918)
15 April 1919 - 6 August 1919 Hungarian–Romanian War  Romania

Co-belligerents
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Czechoslovakia
 Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes

 Hungarian Soviet Republic

Active neutrality
Flag of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (1918-1920).svg Soviet Russia

Victory
3,610 dead
11,666 total
Ion I. C. Brătianu
Artur Văitoianu
27 May 1919 - 28 May 1919 Bender Uprising

Active neutrality
Flag of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (1918-1920).svg Soviet Russia

Victory
  • Crushing of the rebellion
unknown
20 October 1920 - 28 October 1920 1920 Romanian General Strike Victory
  • Crushing of the rebellion
unknown
Alexandru Averescu
Ioan Rășcanu
Constantin Cristescu
15 September 1924 - 18 September 1924 Tatarbunary Uprising

Active neutrality
 Soviet Union

Victory
  • Crushing of the rebellion
3,000 civilian casualties
Ion I. C. Brătianu
George Mărdărescu
Alexandru Lupescu
Alexandru Gorski
5 August 1929 - 6 August 1929 Lupeni Strike
  • Coal miners
Victory
  • Crushing of the rebellion
10 soldiers wounded
15 gendarmes wounded
22 miners dead
23 miners gravely wounded
30 miners lightly wounded
Michael I
Iuliu Maniu
Henry Cihoschi
Nicolae Samsonovici
12 February 1933 - 16 February 1933 Grivița Strike Victory
  • Crushing of the rebellion
2 soldiers dead
7 workers dead
20 workers wounded
Carol II
Alexandru Vaida-Voevod
Nicolae Samsonovici
Constantin Lăzărescu
21 January 1941 - 23 January 1941 Legionnaires' Rebellion and Bucharest Pogrom Victory
  • Crushing of the rebellion
30 soldiers dead
200-800 legionnaires dead or wounded
125 Jews dead in pogrom
Michael I
Ion Antonescu
Alexandru Ioaniţiu
1 September 1939 - 2 September 1945

Romania entered: 22 June 1941


Romania switched sides: 23 August 1944


Romania exited: 9 May 1945

World War II Axis

 Germany
 Italy (1940-1943)

 Japan


Affiliate states
 Romania (1941-1944)
 Hungary (1941-1945)
 Bulgaria (1941-1944)
 Thailand (1942-1945)


Co-belligerents
 Finland (1941-1944)
 Soviet Union (1939-1940)
 Vichy France (1940-1944)
Iran (1941)
 Iraq (1941)


Client states




Active neutrality
 Spanish State
 Denmark (1940-1945)
 Monaco
Flag of Morocco.svg French Morocco (1940-1942)

Allies

 United States (1941-1945)

 Soviet Union (1941-1945)

 United Kingdom

 France (1939-1940, 1944-1945)
 China


Poland (1939)
 Denmark (1940)
 Norway (1940)
 Belgium (1940)

 Luxembourg (1940)
 Netherlands (1940)

 Greece (1940-1941)
 Kingdom of Yugoslavia (1941)

 Egypt (1940-1945)


 Nepal
Cuba (1941-1945)
Brazil (1942-1945)
 Mexico (1942-1945)
 Ethiopia (1942-1945)
 Portuguese Timor (1942-1945)
 Colombia (1943-1945)


Co-belligerents
 Italy (1943-1945)
 Romania (1944-1945)
 Finland (1944-1945)
Bulgaria (1944-1945)


Mongolia (1939)
 Finland (1939-1940)
 Estonia (1940)
 Latvia (1940)
 Lithuania (1940)
 Romania (1940)


Client state
 Tuvan People's Republic (1941-1944)


Supply only
Flag of Bahrain (1932-1972).svg Bahrain
 Haiti (1941-1945)
 Honduras (1941-1945)
 Dominican Republic (1941-1945)
 Nicaragua (1941-1945)
 Iraq (1942-1945)
 Bolivia (1943-1945)
 Liberia (1944-1945)


Diplomatic only
Flag of Muscat.svg Oman
 Panama (1941-1945)
 Costa Rica (1941-1945)
 El Salvador (1941-1945)
 Guatemala (1941-1945)
Iran (1943-1945)


Governments in exile
Poland (1939-1945)
Norway Norway (1940-1945)
Belgium Belgium (1940-1944)
 Free France (1940-1944)
Luxembourg Luxembourg (1940-1944)
Netherlands Netherlands (1940-1945)
Kingdom of Greece Greece (1941-1944)
Kingdom of Yugoslavia Yugoslavia (1941-1945)
Czechoslovakia Czechoslovakia
Korea


Active neutrality
 Iceland
Flag of Morocco.svg French Morocco (1939-1940, 1942-1945)
 Tonga

Defeat
300,000 soldiers dead

64,000 civilians dead


469,000 Jews died in Holocaust
Ion Antonescu (until Aug. 1944)
Iosif Iacobici (until Sep. 1942)

Ion Antonescu (Sep. 1941-Jan. 1942)


Constantin Pantazi (Jan. 1942-Aug. 1944)
Alexandru Ioaniţiu (until Sep. 1941)

Iosif Iacobici (Sep. 1941-Jan. 1942)

Ilie Șteflea (Jan. 1942-Aug. 1944)

Romanian People's Republic (1947-1965)[edit]

Conflict Belligerents Result Romanian commanders
Date Name Allies Enemies Outcome Losses President of the Presidium of the Great National Assembly Prime Minister Defense Minister General Chief of Staff
Summer 1948 - 1962 Romanian Anti-communist Resistance Movement
  • Romanian anti-communists
Victory
  • Crushing of the rebellion
unknown
Constantin Ion Parhon (until Jun. 1952)

Petru Groza (Jun. 1952-Jan. 1958)

Ion Gheorghe Maurer (Jan. 1958-Mar. 1961)

Gheorghe Gheorghiu-Dej (from Mar. 1961)
Petru Groza (until Jun. 1952)

Gheorghe Gheorghiu-Dej (Jun. 1952-Oct. 1955)

Chivu Stoica (Oct. 1955-Mar. 1961)

Ion Gheorghe Maurer (from Mar. 1961)
Emil Bodnăraș (until Oct. 1955)

Leontin Sălăjan (from Oct. 1955)
Constantin Gh. Popescu (until Mar. 1950)

Leontin Sălăjan (Mar. 1950-Apr. 1954)

Ion Tutoveanu (from Apr. 1954)

Socialist Republic of Romania (1965-1989)[edit]

Conflict Belligerents Result Romanian commanders
Date Name Allies Enemies Outcome Losses President Prime Minister Defense Minister General Chief of Staff
15 November 1987 - 16 November 1987 Brașov Rebellion
  • Romanian anti-communists
Victory
  • Crushing of the rebellion
no casualties
Nicolae Ceaușescu
Constantin Dăscălescu
Vasile Milea
Ștefan Gușă
16 December 1989 - 27 December 1989 Romanian Revolution Defeat
1,104 dead
3,352 wounded
Nicolae Ceaușescu (until 22 Dec. 1989)

Council of the National Salvation Front (22-26 Dec. 1989)

Ion Iliescu (from 26 Dec. 1989)
Constantin Dăscălescu (until 22 Dec. 1989)

Petre Roman (from 26 Dec. 1989)
Vasile Milea (until 22 Dec. 1989)

Nicolae Militaru (from 22 Dec. 1989)

Post-communist Romania (since 1989)[edit]

Conflict Belligerents Result Romanian commanders
Date Name Allies Enemies Outcome Losses President Prime Minister Defense Minister General Chief of Staff
March 2003 - 23 July 2009 Iraq War

Iraqi National Congress
New Iraqi government

 Iraqi Kurdistan

Ba'athist Iraq
Ansar al-Islam

Logo of the Supreme Command for Jihad and Liberation.png Supreme Command for Jihad and Liberation
Army of the Men of the Naqshbandi Order


Sunni insurgents


Shia insurgents


For fighting between insurgent groups, see Civil war in Iraq (2006–07).

Victory
3 soldiers killed.
Ion Iliescu (until Dec. 2004)

Traian Băsescu (from Dec. 2004)
Adrian Năstase (until Dec. 2004)

Călin Popescu-Tăriceanu (Dec. 2004-Dec. 2008)

Emil Boc (from Dec. 2008)
Ioan Mircea Pașcu (until Dec. 2004)

Teodor Atanasiu (Dec. 2004-Oct. 2006)

Sorin Frunzăverde (Oct. 2006-Apr. 2007)

Teodor Meleșcanu (Apr. 2007-Dec. 2008)

Mihai Stănișoară (from Dec. 2008)
Mihail Eugen Popescu (until Oct. 2004)

Eugen Bădălan (Oct. 2004-Sep. 2006)

Gheorghe Marin (from. Sep. 2006)

Ştefan Dănilă (from Jan. 2011)

Nicolae-Ionel Ciucă (from Jan. 2015)
7 October 2001 - Present Day War in Afghanistan (2001–present) Ongoing
  • Defeat of the Taliban government in Afghanistan and fall of the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan.
  • Destruction of al-Qaeda camps.
  • Establishment of new Afghan government and creation of the new Afghan National Army.
  • Ongoing taliban insurgency.
23 soldiers killed.
Ion Iliescu (2001-2004.

Traian Băsescu (2004-2014)

Klaus Iohannis (2014-)
Adrian Năstase (2001-2004)

Călin Popescu Tăriceanu (2004-2008)

Emil Boc (2008-2012)

Victor Ponta (2012-)
Ioan Mircea Pașcu (2001-2004)
Teodor Atanasiu (2004-2006)

Sorin Frunzăverde (2006-2007)

Teodor Meleșcanu (2007-2008)

Mihai Stănișoară (2008-2009)

Gabriel Oprea (2009-2012)

Corneliu Dobrițoiu (2012)

Mircea Dușa (2015-)
19 March 2011 - 23 October 2011 2011 Military Intervention in Libya Victory
  • Overthrow of the Gaddafi government.
no casualties.

References[edit]