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List of wars involving Spain

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This is a list of wars fought by the Kingdom of Spain or on Spanish territory.

Ancient

Medieval

Conflict Combatant 1 Combatant 2 Results
Byzantine conquest of Visigothic Baetica
(551–555)
Reino de los visigodos-en.svg Visigothic Kingdom Simple Labarum2.svg Byzantine Empire Byzantine victory
Visigothic conquest of Spania
(570–624)
Reino de los visigodos-en.svg Visigothic Kingdom Simple Labarum2.svg Byzantine Empire Visigothic victory
Visigothic conquest of Córdoba
(572)
Reino de los visigodos-en.svg Visigothic Kingdom Simple Labarum2.svg Byzantine Empire Visigothic victory
Visigothic conquest of Sabaria
(573)
Reino de los visigodos-en.svg Visigothic Kingdom Sappi Visigothic victory
Visigothic conquest of Cantabria
(574)
Reino de los visigodos-en.svg Visigothic Kingdom Cantabri Visigothic victory
Second Visigothic-Suevic War
(575–577)
Reino de los visigodos-en.svg Visigothic Kingdom Reino suevo.svg Kingdom of the Suebi Visigothic victory
Visigothic-Vasconic War
(581)
Reino de los visigodos-en.svg Visigothic Kingdom Vascones Visigothic victory
Third Visigothic-Suevic War
(585–586)
Reino de los visigodos-en.svg Visigothic Kingdom Reino suevo.svg Kingdom of the Suebi Visigothic victory
Umayyad conquest of Hispania
(711–718)
Depiction of the Battle of Guadalete.
Reino de los visigodos-en.svg Visigothic Kingdom Umayyad Flag.svg Umayyad Caliphate Umayyad victory
Battle of Covadonga
(722)
Emblema del Reino de Asturias.svg Kingdom of Asturias Umayyad Flag.svg Umayyad Caliphate Asturian victory
Battle of Montecubeiro
(774)
Emblema del Reino de Asturias.svg Kingdom of Asturias Galician rebels Asturian victory
Battle of the Burbia River
(791)
Emblema del Reino de Asturias.svg Kingdom of Asturias Allah.svg Emirate of Córdoba Defeat
Battle of Lutos
(794)
Emblema del Reino de Asturias.svg Kingdom of Asturias Allah.svg Emirate of Córdoba Asturian victory
Battle of Las Babias
(795)
Emblema del Reino de Asturias.svg Kingdom of Asturias Allah.svg Emirate of Córdoba Defeat
Battle of Guadalacete
(852)
Emblema del Reino de Asturias.svg Kingdom of Asturias
Bandera de Reino de Navarra.svg Kingdom of Pamplona
Toledo rebels
Allah.svg Emirate of Córdoba Defeat
Battle of the Morcuera
(865)
Emblema del Reino de Asturias.svg Kingdom of Asturias
Estandarte del Reino de Castilla.svg Kingdom of Castile
Toledo rebels
Allah.svg Emirate of Córdoba Defeat
Battle of Polvoraria
(878)
Emblema del Reino de Asturias.svg Kingdom of Asturias Allah.svg Emirate of Córdoba Asturian victory
Second Battle of Cellorigo
(883)
Emblema del Reino de Asturias.svg Kingdom of Asturias Allah.svg Emirate of Córdoba Asturian victory
Day of Zamora
(901)
Emblema del Reino de Asturias.svg Kingdom of Asturias Allah.svg Emirate of Córdoba Asturian victory
Battle of San Esteban de Gormaz
(917)
Leon banner.svg Kingdom of León Allah.svg Emirate of Córdoba Leonese victory
Battle of Alhandic
(939)
Leon banner.svg Kingdom of León Allah.svg Emirate of Córdoba Defeat
Battle of Simancas
(939)
Leon banner.svg Kingdom of León Allah.svg Emirate of Córdoba Leonese victory
Battle of Rueda
(981)
Leon banner.svg Kingdom of León
Banner of arms kingdom of Castile.svg County of Castile
Bandera de Reino de Navarra.svg Kingdom of Navarre
Allah.svg Emirate of Córdoba Defeat
Battle of Cervera
(1000)
Leon banner.svg Kingdom of León
Banner of arms kingdom of Castile.svg County of Castile
Bandera de Reino de Navarra.svg Kingdom of Pamplona
Allah.svg Emirate of Córdoba Defeat
Battle of Calatañazor
(1002)
Leon banner.svg Kingdom of León
Banner of arms kingdom of Castile.svg County of Castile
Bandera de Reino de Navarra.svg Kingdom of Pamplona
Allah.svg Emirate of Córdoba Christian victory
Battle of Graus
(1063)
Blason Castille.svg Kingdom of Castile
Allah.svg Taifa of Zaragoza
Cruz d'Eneco Arista.svg Kingdom of Aragon Castilian–Zaragozan victory
Crusade of Barbastro
(1064)
Cruz d'Eneco Arista.svg Kingdom of Aragon
Urgel.svg County of Urgell
Blason de l'Aquitaine et de la Guyenne.svg Duchy of Aquitaine
CoA Pontifical States 02.svg Papal states
Allah.svg Emirate of Lārida Christian victory
Battle of Paterna
(1065)
Leon banner.svg Kingdom of León Allah.svg Taifa of Valencia Leonese victory
War of the Three Sanchos
(1065–67)
Estandarte del Reino de Castilla.png Kingdom of Castile Bandera de Reino de Navarra.svg Kingdom of Navarre
Royal Banner of Aragón.svg Kingdom of Aragon
Castilian victory
  • Castile annexes La Bureba, Montes de Oca and Pancorbo
Battle of Llantada
(1068)
Estandarte del Reino de Castilla.png Kingdom of Castile Leon banner.svg Kingdom of León Castilian victory
Battle of Golpejera
(1072)
Estandarte del Reino de Castilla.png Kingdom of Castile Leon banner.svg Kingdom of León Castilian victory
Battle of Piedra Pisada
(1084)
Aragon arms.svg Christian Aragon Allah.svg Muslim Zaragoza Defeat
Siege of Toledo[1]
(1084–85)
Estandarte del Reino de Castilla.png Kingdom of Castile Allah.svg Taifa of Toledo Castilian victory
Battle of Sagrajas
(1086)
Estandarte del Reino de Castilla.png Kingdom of Castile
Leon banner.svg Kingdom of León
Aragon arms.svg Kingdom of Aragon
Almoravids Defeat
Siege of Toledo (1090) Estandarte del Reino de Castilla.png Kingdom of Castile Almoravides.JPG Almoravids Castilian victory
Siege of Valencia (ca)[1]
(1092–1094)
El Cid ordering the execution of Almoravid allies after his conquest of Valencia in 1094
Estandarte del Reino de Castilla.png Kingdom of Castile Allah.svg Taifa of Valencia
Almoravides.JPG Almoravids
Castilian victory
Battle of Bairén
(1097)
A depiction of El Cid, who commanded the Aragonese forces in the battle.
Kingdom of Aragon
Valencia under Cid's rule
Kingdom of Castile
Almoravid dynasty Aragonese/Castilian/Valencian victory
Battle of Consuegra
(1097)
Estandarte del Reino de Castilla.png Kingdom of Castile
Leon banner.svg Kingdom of León
Almoravid dynasty Defeat
Battle of Uclés
(1108)
Estandarte del Reino de Castilla.png Kingdom of Castile
Leon banner.svg Kingdom of León
Almoravid dynasty Defeat
1113–15 Balearic Islands expedition Pisa-Stemma.svg Republic of Pisa
Aragon arms.svg Catalan counties
Blason Provence ancien.svg County of Provence
Torre Merlata del Giudicato di Torres.svg Giudicato of Torres
CoA Pontifical States 02.svg Papal states
Allah.svg Taifa of Majorca
Almoravides.JPG Almoravids
Christian victory
Battle of Cutanda
(1120)
Cruz d'Eneco Arista.svg Kingdom of Aragon
Blason de l'Aquitaine et de la Guyenne.svg Duchy of Aquitaine
Almoravid dynasty Christian victory
Siege of Oreja
(1139)
Estandarte del Reino de Castilla.png Kingdom of Castile
Escudoreinogaliza.svg Kingdom of Galicia
Leon banner.svg Kingdom of León
Coat of Arms of the Kingdom of Toledo.svg Kingdom of Toledo (Christians)
Almoravides.JPG Almoravids (Muslims) Christian victory
Second Crusade
(1147–50)
Armoiries de Jérusalem.svg Kingdom of Jerusalem
Arms of the Kings of France (France Ancien).svg Kingdom of France
Holy Roman Empire Arms-single head.svg Holy Roman Empire
PortugueseFlag1143.svg Kingdom of Portugal
Castile Arms.svg Kingdom of Castile
Escut de Barcelona.svg County of Barcelona
Leon Arms.svg Kingdom of León
Flag of PalaeologusEmperor.svg Byzantine Empire
Royal Arms of England (1154-1189).svg Kingdom of England
Seljuqs Eagle.svg Seljuq Sultanate
Emirate of Zengids
Abbasid Caliphate
Fatimid Caliphate
Almoravids
Status quo ante bellum
  • Decisive Seljuk Turks victory in Anatolia
  • Decisive Crusader victories in Iberia
Battle of Alarcos
(1195)
Kingdom of Castile Arms.svg Kingdom of Castile
Cross Santiago.svg Order of Santiago
Ordem Avis.svg Order of Évora
Flag of Almohad Dynasty.svg Almohad Caliphate Defeat
Siege of Al-Dāmūs
(1210)
Aragon arms.svg Crown of Aragon
Flag of the Order of St. John (various).svg Knights Hospitaller
Cross of the Knights Templar.svg Knights Templar
Flag of Morocco 1147 1269.svg Almohad Caliphate Christian victory
Battle of Las Navas de Tolosa
(1212)
Estandarte del Reino de Castilla.svg Kingdom of Castile
Royal Banner of Aragón.svg Crown of Aragon
PortugueseFlag1185.svg Kingdom of Portugal
Bandera de Reino de Navarra.svg Kingdom of Navarre
Cross of Saint James.svg Order of Santiago
Badge of the Order of Calatrava.svg Order of Calatrava
Cross of the Knights Templar.svg Knights Templar
Kingdom of France French volunteers
Banner of arms kingdom of Leon.svg Leonese volunteers
Flag of Almohad Dynasty.svg Almohad Caliphate Christian victory
  • 100,000 Muslims killed[2]
  • 25–30 Christians killed[2]
Battle of Muret
(1213)
Escudo del reino de Aragon.png Crown of Aragon
Blason Languedoc.svg County of Toulouse
Armoiries Comminges.png County of Comminges
Blason du comté de Foix.svg County of Foix
ArmoiriesTrencavel.svg Viscounty of Carcassonne
Cross-Pattee-alternate red.svg Crusaders
Arms of the Kingdom of France (Ancien).svg Kingdom of France
French-Crusader victory
Conquest of Majorca
(1228–31)
Aragonese Flag Crown of Aragon
Flag of Marseille.svg Marseille
Fr narbona.png Narbonne
Flag of Genoa.svg Republic of Genoa
Cross Templar.svg Knights Templar
Malteserkreuz.svg Order of Malta
Flag of Almohad Dynasty.svg Almohad Caliphate territory of Majorca Aragonese victory
Siege of Burriana
(1233)
Aragon arms.svg Crown of Aragon
Flag of the Order of St. John (various).svg Knights Hospitaller
Cross of the Knights Templar.svg Knights Templar
Bandera de Albarracín.svg Senyoria d'Albarrasí
Allah.svg Taifa of Valencia Aragonese victory
Siege of Córdoba (1236) Estandarte del Reino de Castilla.svg Kingdom of Castile Moors Castilian victory
Battle of the Puig
(1237)
Aragon arms.svg Crown of Aragon Allah.svg Taifa of Valencia Aragonese victory
  • Conquest of Valencia
Siege of Jaén (1245–46) Bandera de la Corona de Castilla.svg Kingdom of Castile
Cross Santiago.svg Order of Santiago
Flag of Almohad Dynasty.svg Taifa of Jayyān (جيان)
Standard of Grenade after Cresques Atlas s XIV.svg Emirate of Granada
Castilian victory
Siege of Seville
(1247–48)
Bandera de la Corona de Castilla.svg Kingdom of Castile
Cross Santiago.svg Order of Santiago
Cross of the Knights Templar.svg Knights Templar
Flag of the Order of St. John (various).svg Knights Hospitaller
Badge of the Order of Calatrava.svg Order of Calatrava
Flag of Almohad Dynasty.svg Almohad Caliphate
Allah.svg Taifa of Niebla
Castilian victory
Siege of Albarracín (1284) Aragon arms.svg Kingdom of Aragón House of Lara COA.svg House of Lara
Bandera de Albarracín.svg Señorío de Albarracín
Aragonese victory
Battle of Écija (1275) Bandera de la Corona de Castilla.svg Kingdom of Castile Flag of Morocco 1258 1659.svg Sultanate of Morocco
Standard of Grenade after Cresques Atlas s XIV.svg Emirate of Granada
Defeat
Battle of Algeciras (1278) Bandera de la Corona de Castilla.svg Kingdom of Castile
Emblema OrdendSantaMariadEspaña.svg Order of Santa María de España
Flag of Morocco 1258 1659.svg Sultanate of Morocco
Standard of Grenade after Cresques Atlas s XIV.svg Emirate of Granada
Defeat
Siege of Algeciras (1278–79) Bandera de la Corona de Castilla.svg Kingdom of Castile
Emblema OrdendSantaMariadEspaña.svg Order of Santa María de España
Flag of Morocco 1258 1659.svg Sultanate of Morocco
Standard of Grenade after Cresques Atlas s XIV.svg Emirate of Granada
Defeat
Battle of Moclín (1280) Bandera de la Corona de Castilla.svg Kingdom of Castile
Emblema OrdendSantaMariadEspaña.svg Order of Santa María de España
Standard of Grenade after Cresques Atlas s XIV.svg Emirate of Granada Defeat
War of the Sicilian Vespers
(1282–1302)
Aragon Arms-crown.svg Crown of Aragon
Aragon-Sicily Arms.svg Kingdom of Trinacria
 Byzantine Empire
Arms of Charles II dAnjou.svg Kingdom of Naples
Arms of the Kings of France (France Ancien).svg Kingdom of France
C o a Martino IV.svg Papal States
Aragonese victory
Battle of Malta
(1283)
Aragon Arms-crown.svg Crown of Aragon Arms of Charles II dAnjou.svg Kingdom of Naples Aragonese victory
Battle of the Gulf of Naples
(1284)
Kingdom of Aragon flag Crown of Aragon Arms of Charles II dAnjou.svg Kingdom of Naples Aragonese victory
Aragonese Crusade
(1284–85)
Royal arms of Aragon.svg Crown of Aragon C o a Martino IV.svg Papal States
Arms of the Kings of France (France Ancien).svg Kingdom of France
Royal Coat of Arms of Navarre (1234 1259-1284).svg Kingdom of Navarre
Arms of Jean dAnjou.svg Kingdom of Naples
Arms of the Monarchs of Majorca and the Balearic Islands (14th-20th Centuries).svg Kingdom of Majorca
House of Lara COA.svg Lordship of Albarracín
Armoiries Gênes.svg Republic of Genoa
Aragonese victory
Battle of Les Formigues
(1285)
Aragon-Sicily Arms.svg Kingdom of Sicily
Armas del soberano de Aragón.svg Crown of Aragon
Arms of the Kings of France (France Ancien).svg France
CoA civ ITA milano.png Republic of Genoa
Aragonese victory
Battle of the Col de Panissars
(1285)
Kingdom of Aragon flag Crown of Aragon Arms of the Kings of France (France Ancien).svg Kingdom of France Aragonese victory
Battle of the Counts
(1287)
Kingdom of Aragon flag Crown of Aragon Arms of Charles II dAnjou.svg Kingdom of Naples
Emblem of the Papacy SE.svg Papal States
Aragonese victory
Battle of Iznalloz
(1295)
Bandera de la Corona de Castilla.svg Kingdom of Castile
Badge of the Order of Calatrava.svg Order of Calatrava
COA of Nasrid dynasty kingdom of Grenade (1013-1492).svg Emirate of Granada Defeat
Battle of Cape Orlando
(1299)
Kingdom of Aragon flag Crown of Aragon Aragon-Sicily Arms.svg Kingdom of Sicily Aragonese victory
Battle of Ponza (1300) Kingdom of Aragon flag Crown of Aragon Arms of Charles II dAnjou.svg Kingdom of Naples
Supported by:
CoA civ ITA milano.png Republic of Genoa
Aragonese victory
Siege of Algeciras (1309–10) Bandera de la Corona de Castilla.svg Kingdom of Castile
Cross Santiago.svg Order of Santiago
Badge of the Order of Calatrava.svg Order of Calatrava
Standard of Grenade after Cresques Atlas s XIV.svg Emirate of Granada Defeat
Second Siege of Gibraltar
(1315)
Bandera de la Corona de Castilla.svg Kingdom of Castile COA of Nasrid dynasty kingdom of Grenade (1013-1492).svg Emirate of Granada Castilian victory
Battle of Picotin
(1316)
Royal Coat and Shield of Majorca c.1276-14th Century.svg Kingdom of Majorca Armoiries Achaïe.svg Principality of Achaea Catalan victory
Battle of Manolada
(1316)
Royal Coat and Shield of Majorca c.1276-14th Century.svg Kingdom of Majorca Armoiries Louis de Bourgogne.svg Burgundians Defeat
Aragonese conquest of Sardinia
(1323–26)
Estandarte de la Corona de Aragon.svg Crown of Aragon
Flag of the Giudicato of Arborea.svg Giudicato of Arborea
Flag of the Republic of Pisa.svg Republic of Pisa
Flag of Genoa.svg Republic of Genoa
Aragonese victory
Siege of Villa di Chiesa
(1323–24)
Aragonese Flag Crown of Aragon
Albero Eradicato del Giudicato di Arborea.svg Giudicato of Arborea
Shield of the Republic of Pisa.svg Republic of Pisa Aragonese victory
Battle of Lucocisterna
(1324)
Aragonese Flag Crown of Aragon Shield of the Republic of Pisa.svg Republic of Pisa Aragonese victory
Battle of Teba
(1330)
15th century depiction of Battle of Teba
Bandera de la Corona de Castilla.svg Kingdom of Castile COA of Nasrid dynasty kingdom of Grenade (1013-1492).svg Emirate of Granada Castilian victory
Genoese–Catalan War
(1330–36)
Armoiries Aragon Sicile.svg Crown of Aragon CoA civ ITA milano.png Republic of Genoa Status quo ante bellum
Luso-Castillian War
(1336–37)
Escudo Corona de Castilla.png Crown of Castile PortugueseFlag1248.svg Kingdom of Portugal Castilian victory
English Channel naval campaign
(1338–39)
Arms of the Kings of France (France Ancien).svg Kingdom of France
CoA civ ITA milano.png Genoese mercenaries
Escudo Corona de Castilla.png Castilian mercenaries
Royal Arms of England.svg Kingdom of England
Arms of Flanders.svg County of Flanders
Indecisive
Battle of Río Salado
(1340)
Estandarte de la Corona de Castilla.png Crown of Castile
PortugueseFlag1248.svg Kingdom of Portugal
Marinid emblem of Morocco.svg Marinid Empire
Royal Standard of Nasrid Dynasty Kingdom of Grenade.svg Emirate of Granada
Portuguese-Castilian victory
Battle of Estepona
(1342)
Siñal d'Aragón.svg Crown of Aragon Flag of Morocco 1258 1659.svg Marinid dynasty Aragonese victory
Siege of Algeciras (1342–44) Estandarte de la Corona de Castilla.png Kingdom of Castile
Flag of Genoa.svg Republic of Genoa
Escudo del reino de Aragon.png Kingdom of Aragon
PortugueseFlag1248.svg Kingdom of Portugal
Escudo del reino de Navarra.png Kingdom of Navarre
Cross-Pattee-red.svg European crusaders
Marinid emblem.png Sultanate of Morocco
Standard of Grenade after Cresques Atlas s XIV.svg Emirate of Granada
Castilian victory
Battle of Llucmajor
(1349)
Aragonese Flag Crown of Aragon Royal Coat and Shield of Majorca c.1276-14th Century.svg Kingdom of Majorca Aragonese victory
  • Annexation of the Kingdom of Majorca
Battle of Winchelsea
(1350)
A depiction of medieval naval combat from Jean Froissart's Chronicles, 14th century
Escudo Corona de Castilla.png Kingdom of Castile Royal Arms of England (1340-1367).svg Kingdom of England Defeat
Siege of Alghero
(1354)
Aragonese Flag Republic of Venice
Aragonese Flag Crown of Aragon
CoA civ ITA milano.png Republic of Genoa Aragonese victory
War of the Two Peters
(1356–75)
Escudo de la Corona de Castilla.svg Crown of Castile
With the support of:
Royal Arms of England (1340-1367).svg Kingdom of England
CoA civ ITA milano.png Republic of Genoa
PortugueseFlag1248.svg Kingdom of Portugal
Blason Royaume Navarre.svg Kingdom of Navarre
COA of Nasrid dynasty kingdom of Grenade (1013-1492).svg Kingdom of Granada
Armas del soberano de Aragón.svg Crown of Aragon
With the support of:
Royal Coat of Arms of the Crown of Castile (15th Century).svg Henry of Trastámara
Arms of the Kings of France (France Ancien).svg Kingdom of France
Indecisive
  • Overthrowing of Peter I of Castile
Battle of Linuesa
(1361)
Bandera de la Corona de Castilla.svg Kingdom of Castile
Bandera de la provincia de Jaén.svg Kingdom of Jaén
Badge of the Order of Calatrava.svg Order of Calatrava
Standard of Grenade after Cresques Atlas s XIV.svg Emirate of Granada Castilian victory
Battle of Guadix
(1362)
Bandera de la Corona de Castilla.svg Kingdom of Castile
Bandera de la provincia de Jaén.svg Kingdom of Jaén
Badge of the Order of Calatrava.svg Order of Calatrava
Standard of Grenade after Cresques Atlas s XIV.svg Emirate of Granada Defeat
Castilian Civil War
(1366–69)
Battle of Nájera, from a fifteenth-century manuscript, the English and Pedro are on the left.
Royal Coat of Arms of the Crown of Castile (1284-1390).svg Forces of Pedro of Castile
Royal Arms of England.svg Kingdom of England
Blason Royaume Navarre.svg Kingdom of Navarre
COA of Nasrid dynasty kingdom of Grenade (1013-1492).svg Kingdom of Granada
Arms of Henry II of Castile before his accession.svg Forces of Henry of Trastámara
Arms of the Kings of France (France Ancien).svg Kingdom of France
Aragon arms.svg Crown of Aragon
Victory for Henry of Trastámara
Siege of León
(1368)
Escudo Corona de Castilla.png Crown of Castile – Henry's side Escudo Corona de Castilla.png Crown of Castile – Pedro's side Victory for Henry of Trastámara
Battle of Montiel
(1369)
Miniature of the Battle of Montiel from the "Chronicles" of Jean Froissart (15th century)
Escudo Corona de Castilla.png Castilians
COA of Nasrid dynasty kingdom of Grenade (1013-1492).svg Granada
Escudo Corona de Castilla.png Castilians
Arms of the Kings of France (France Ancien).svg France
Franco-Castilian victory
Siege of Algeciras (1369) Bandera de la Corona de Castilla.svg Kingdom of Castile Standard of Grenade after Cresques Atlas s XIV.svg Emirate of Granada Defeat
Battle of La Rochelle
(1372)
The naval battle of La Rochelle, Chronicle of Jean Froissart, 15th Century.
Royal Coat of Arms of the Crown of Castile (1284-1390).svg Crown of Castile Royal Arms of England (1399-1603).svg Kingdom of England Castilian victory
Third Fernandine War
(1381–82)
An Anglo-Portuguese army (right) defeats the French vanguard of the Castilian army.
From the Chronique d'Angleterre of Jean de Wavrin.
Royal Coat of Arms of the Crown of Castile (1284-1390).svg Crown of Castile PortugueseFlag1385.svg Kingdom of Portugal
Royal Arms of England (1399-1603).svg Kingdom of England
Castilian victory
1383–85 Crisis
(1383–85)
Royal Coat of Arms of the Crown of Castile (1284-1390).svg Crown of Castile

Supported by:
Arms of France (France Moderne).svg Kingdom of France
Aragon arms.svg Crown of Aragon

PortugueseFlag1385.svg Kingdom of Portugal

Supported by:
Royal Arms of England (1340-1367).svg Kingdom of England

Defeat
  • Consolidation of Portuguese independence
Battle of Collejares
(1406)
Bandera de la Corona de Castilla.svg Crown of Castile Standard of Grenade after Cresques Atlas s XIV.svg Emirate of Granada Castilian victory
Battle of Sanluri
(1409)
Estandarte de la Corona de Aragon.png Crown of Aragon
Bandiera del Regno di Sicilia 4.svg Kingdom of Sicily
Flag of the Giudicato of Arborea.svg Giudicato of Arborea
Flag of Genoa.svg Republic of Genoa
Aragonese victory
Conquest of the Canary Islands
(1402–96)
Royal Coat of Arms of the Crown of Castile (1284-1390).svg Crown of Castile Guanches Castilian victory
Battle of La Rochelle (1419) Royal Coat of Arms of the Crown of Castile (1284-1390).svg Crown of Castile Royal Arms of England (1399-1603).svg Kingdom of England
Hanseatic League
Castilian victory
Castilian–Aragonese War
(1429–30)
Royal Coat of Arms of the Crown of Castile (1284-1390).svg Crown of Castile Royal Banner of Aragón.svg Crown of Aragon Castilian victory
Battle of La Higueruela
(1431)
The Battle of Higueruela as depicted in the Gallery of Battles at the Royal Monastery of San Lorenzo de El Escorial, Spain.
Bandera de la Corona de Castilla.svg Kingdom of Castile Standard of Grenade after Cresques Atlas s XIV.svg Nasrid dynasty Castilian victory
Navarrese Civil War
(1451–55)
Armoiries Foix-Béarn-Bigorre.svg Forces of Charles IV of Navarre
Royal Coat of Arms of the Crown of Castile (1284-1390).svg Crown of Castile
Armas Navarra-Evreux-Aragón-Trastamara.svg Forces of John II of Aragon
Royal Banner of Aragón.svg Crown of Aragon
Armoiries Foix-Béarn-Bigorre.svg County of Foix
Victory for John II of Aragon
Battle of Los Alporchones
(1452)
Bandera de la Corona de Castilla.svg Kingdom of Castile
Banner of the Castilian Realm of Murcia.svg Kingdom of Murcia
COA of Nasrid dynasty kingdom of Grenade (1013-1492).svg Emirate of Granada Castilian victory
Enrique IV war of Granada
(1455–58)
Royal Coat of Arms of the Crown of Castile (1284-1390).svg Crown of Castile COA of Nasrid dynasty kingdom of Grenade (1013-1492).svg Emirate of Granada Inconclusive
Catalan Civil War
(1462–72)
Royal arms of Aragon (Crowned).svg Principality of Catalonia
Royal Coat of Arms of the Crown of Castile (1284-1390).svg Crown of Castile
PortugueseFlag1385.svg Kingdom of Portugal
Armas Navarra-Evreux-Aragón-Trastamara.svg Forces of John II of Aragon
Arms of France (France Moderne).svg Kingdom of France
Victory for John II of Aragon
War of the Castilian Succession
(1475–79)
Arms of the Crown of Castile (15th Century).svg Isabella Supporters
Arms Aragon-Sicily (Template).svg Crown of Aragon
Arms of the Crown of Castile (15th Century).svg Juana Supporters
COA king Alphonse V of Portugal.svg Kingdom of Portugal
Arms of France (France Moderne).svg Kingdom of France
Peace Treaty
Battle of Guinea
(1478)
Blason Castille Léon.png Crown of Castile PortugueseFlag1475.png Kingdom of Portugal Defeat
Granada War
(1482–92)
Coat of Arms of Queen Isabella of Castile (1492-1504).svg Castile-Aragon Union
Spanish Military Orders Badges.svg Military Orders
Cross-Pattee-red.svg European crusaders
Royal Standard of Nasrid Dynasty Kingdom of Grenade.svg Emirate of Granada Victory
  • Granada annexed by Castile

Catholic Monarchy

Conflict Combatant 1 Combatant 2 Results
Italian War of 1494–98
(1494–98)
League of Venice:

 Papal States
 Republic of Venice
 Kingdom of Naples
Kingdoms of Spain
Duchy of Milan
 Holy Roman Empire
 Republic of Florence
Duchy of Mantua
 Kingdom of England (from 1496)

 Kingdom of France Victory
  • Forced French retreat
Spanish conquest of Haiti[6]
(1494–1509)
Massacre of Queen Anacaona and her subjects, by Joos van Winghe, published in 1598 in the Brevísima relación de la destrucción de las Indias written by Bartolomé de las Casas.
 Crown of Castile Taínos Victory
Conquest of Melilla
(1497)
Castile and Aragon Marinid emblem of Morocco.svg Morocco Victory
Rebellion of the Alpujarras (1499–1501) Coat of Arms of Queen Isabella of Castile (1492-1504).svg Castile-Aragon Union Banner of the Kingdom of Granada.svg Muslims of Granada Victory
  • Rebellion defeated
  • Mass forced conversions of all Muslims in Granada
Second Ottoman–Venetian War
(1499–1503)
 Republic of Venice
Castile and Aragon
 Ottoman Empire Defeat
Italian War of 1499–1504
(1499–1504)
Victory
Spanish crusade[7]
(1505–10)
 Crown of Castile
Royal Banner of Aragón.svg Crown of Aragon
Dz tlem2.png Kingdom of Tlemcen
Hafsid dynasty
Victory
War of the League of Cambrai
(1508–16)
1508–10:
 Venice
1510–11:
 Papal States
 Venice
1511–13:
Holy League:
 Papal States
 Venice
Arms of Ferdinand II of Aragon (1513-1516).svg Spain
 Holy Roman Empire
 England
Old Swiss Confederacy Swiss mercenaries
1513–16:
 Papal States
Arms of Ferdinand II of Aragon (1513-1516).svg Spain
 Holy Roman Empire
 England
Flag of the Duchy of Milan (1450).svg Duchy of Milan
Old Swiss Confederacy Swiss mercenaries
1508–10:
League of Cambrai:
 Papal States
 France
 Holy Roman Empire
Arms of Ferdinand II of Aragon (1513-1516).svg Spain
Coat of arms of the House of Este (1471).svg Duchy of Ferrara
1510–11:
 France
Coat of arms of the House of Este (1471).svg Duchy of Ferrara
1511–13:
 France
Coat of arms of the House of Este (1471).svg Duchy of Ferrara
1513–16:
 Venice
 France
 Scotland
Coat of arms of the House of Este (1471).svg Duchy of Ferrara
Defeat
Spanish conquest of Puerto Rico[6]
(1508–1511)
 Crown of Castile Taínos Victory
Spanish conquest of Cuba[6]
(1511–13)
A 16th-century illustration by Flemish Protestant Theodor de Bry for Las Casas's Brevisima relación de la destrucción de las Indias, depicting Spanish atrocities during the conquest of Cuba
 Crown of Castile Taínos Victory
Taíno rebellion of 1511
(1511–13)
 Crown of Castile Taínos of Boriken and allies from The Antilles Victory

Habsburg Spain

Conflict Combatant 1 Combatant 2 Results
Siege of Tlemcen
(1518)
 Spain
Dz tlem2.png Kingdom of Tlemcen
Ottoman Empire Regency of Algiers Victory
Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire
(1519–21)
Spain Spanish conquistadores
Tlaxcala
 Aztec Empire Victory
  • Aztec empire is annexed to Spanish Empire
Revolt of the Brotherhoods
(1519–23)
Charles V Arms-personal.svg Empire of Charles V Germanies Royalist victory
Revolt of the Comuneros
(1520–21)
Charles V Arms-personal.svg Empire of Charles V Castilian rebels Royalist victory
Italian War of 1521–26
(1521–26)
Spain Spain

 Holy Roman Empire
 England
 Papal States

 France

 Republic of Venice

Victory
Spanish conquest of Chiapas
(1523–1695)
 Spain Zoque people

Chiapaneca people Independent Maya, including:

Victory
Spanish conquest of Yucatán
(1523–1547)
 Spain Mayan tribes Victory
Spanish conquest of Guatemala
(1524–1667)
 Spain Independent indigenous kingdoms and city-states Victory
War of the League of Cognac
(1526–30)
Spain Spain

 Holy Roman Empire
 Republic of Genoa

 France

 Papal States
 Republic of Venice
FlorenceCoA.svg Republic of Florence
 Kingdom of England
Flag of the Duchy of Milan (1450).svg Duchy of Milan

Victory
Ottoman–Habsburg wars
(1526–1791)
Spanish galleons fighting off Ottoman galleys. Oil on canvas by Juan de la Corte (1597–1660), Naval Museum of Madrid.
Familienwappen Habsburg-Stroehl.jpg Habsburg Dynasty:

 Holy Roman Empire

 Spanish Empire
Non-Habsburg allies:
Moldavia
Coat of arms of Transylvania.svg Transylvania
 Wallachia
Flag of Oryol (variant).svg Tsardom of Russia
Flag of the Cossack Hetmanat.svg Cossack Hetmanate (Muscovite and Polish vassals)
Holy League Allies:
Chorągiew królewska króla Zygmunta III Wazy.svg Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth
Mantua Flag 1575-1707 (new).svg Duchy of Mantua
 Republic of Venice
Sovereign Military Order of Malta Order of Saint John

 Ottoman Empire

Vassals:

End of Ottoman expansion
Spanish conquest of the Inca Empire
(1531–72)
The Famous Thirteen by Juan Lepiani
Spain Spanish conquistadores
Indian auxiliaries
 Inca Empire
 Neo-Inca State
Victory
Italian War of 1536–38
(1536–38)
 Holy Roman Empire
 Spain
 Kingdom of France
 Ottoman Empire
Indecisive
Arauco War
(1536–1825)
Doña Inés de Suárez in defending the city of Santiago
Spain Spanish Empire Mapuche, Huilliche Pehuenche and Picunche warriors Defeat
Third Ottoman–Venetian War
(1537–40)
Holy League:
 Republic of Venice
 Spain
 Republic of Genoa
 Papal States
 Kingdom of Naples
Kingdom of Sicily Kingdom of Sicily
Sovereign Military Order of Malta Knights of Malta
 Ottoman Empire
 France (until 1538)
Defeat
Spanish conquest of the Muisca
(1537–1540)
 Spain Guecha warriors Victory
Mixtón War
(1540–42)
 Spain Caxcanes Victory
Tiguex War
(1540–41)
 Spain Tiwa Indians Victory
Italian War of 1542–46
(1542–46)
Spain Spain

 Holy Roman Empire

 Kingdom of England

 France

 Ottoman Empire
Armoiries Guillaume de Clèves.png Jülich-Cleves-Berg

Inconclusive
Schmalkaldic War
(1546–47)
Charles V Arms-personal.svg Empire of Charles V:

 Duchy of Saxony
Coat of arms of Hungary.svg Kingdom of Hungary
Small coat of arms of the Czech Republic.svg Kingdom of Bohemia and other Lands of the Bohemian Crown

Schmalkaldic League:

 Electorate of Saxony
Hesse Hesse
Electorate of the Palatinate
Bremen Wappen(Mittel).svg Bremen
Wappen Lübeck.svg Lübeck
Brunswick-Lüneburg Arms.svg Brunswick-Lüneburg
Other German territories

Victory
Chichimeca War
(1550–90)
 Spain
  • Indian allies
Chichimeca (Zacateco, Guachichil, Guamare, Pame) Defeat
Italian War of 1551–59
(1551–59)
 Kingdom of France

Republic of Siena
 Ottoman Empire

Victory
French Wars of Religion
(1562–98)
Catholics:
Emblem of the Papacy SE.svg Catholic League
Spain Spain
 Duchy of Savoy
Protestants:
Croix huguenote.svg Huguenots
 England
Inconclusive
  • Uneasy truce
  • The Edict of Nantes granted the Huguenots substantial rights in certain areas
  • Paris and other defined territories were declared to be permanently Catholic
  • Failure of France's enemies to weaken France and to gain territories
Philippine revolts against Spain
(1567–1872)
 Spain Flag of Bohol Province, Philippines.svg Dagohoy rebel group
other Filipino rebel groups
 British supporters
Victory
  • Most revolts failed
Eighty Years' War
(1568–1648)
Alba kills innocent inhabitants of the land from the collection Alba's government in the Netherlands and the following tyranny
Engraving that depicts the Spanish entry in the rebel city of Naarden, in the Netherlands in 30 November 1572. The author, a Protestant, emphasizes alleged atrocities and deaths of civilians. Copper engraving by Frans Hogenberg, published in Cologne around 1600.
Engraving that depicts repression after the surrender of the rebel city of Haarlem (Netherlands) to Spanish troops on 13 July 1573.
Oudewater was conquered by the Spanish on 7 August 1575, and most of its inhabitants were killed.
The Sack of Antwerp, 1576
The Battle of Gembloux by Johann Wilhelm Baur
Spanish attack on the Staten army, 1 aug 1578
The Spanish Fury at Maastricht in 1579
The Siege of Grave in 1586 by Don Alejandro Farnesio. Engraving by Michelangelo Cerquozzi.
Engraving of the Siege of Venlo of 1586 by Simon Frisius. Collection Rijksmuseum Amsterdam.
Siege of Axel 1586
Siege of Sluis by Parma, 1587
Relief of Knodsenburg, 1591
The battle of Turnhout in 1597
Surrender of Breda
by Johannes Hinderikus Egenberger.
1645: The Siege of Hulst, the last major siege of the war

Western Europe

European Waters

Americas

East Indies

Spain Spanish Empire
 Holy Roman Empire
 United Provinces
 England
Arms of Nassau.svg Nassau
 France
Defeat
Morisco Revolt
(1568–71)
 Spain Morisco rebels Victory
Fourth Ottoman–Venetian War
(1570–73)
Holy League:
 Republic of Venice
Spain Spain
 Papal States
 Kingdom of Naples
 Republic of Genoa
Bandiera del Regno di Sicilia 4.svg Kingdom of Sicily
Tuscany Grand Duchy of Tuscany
Coat of arms of Federico and Guidobaldo da Montefeltro.svg Duchy of Urbino
 Duchy of Savoy
Sovereign Military Order of Malta Knights of Malta
 Ottoman Empire Defeat
  • Cyprus under Ottoman rule
Second Desmond Rebellion
(1579–83)
Saint Patrick's Saltire.svg FitzGeralds of Desmond
 Spain
 Papal States
allied Irish clans
 Kingdom of England
 Kingdom of Ireland
allied Irish clans
Defeat
War of the Portuguese Succession
(1580–1583)
Spain Spain
Portugal Portugal loyal to Philip of Spain
Portugal Portugal loyal to Prior of Crato
 France
 England
 United Provinces
Victory
Castilian War (1578) Spanish Empire
Bruneians who defected to Spain
Bruneian Empire Status quo ante bellum
Cologne War
(1583–88)
Black cross on a white background Ernst of Bavaria Prince-Elector, Cologne, 1583–1612
House of Wittelsbach
Free Imperial City of Cologne
Philip of Spain, and for him:
House of Farnese
House of Isenburg-Grenzau
House of Mansfeld (main line)
House of Berlaymont-Flyon
and others
Black cross on white background Gebhard, Truchsess von Waldburg, Prince-Elector, Cologne 1578–1588
House of Neuenahr-Alpen
House of Waldburg
House of Palatinate-Zweibrücken

House of Nassau
House of Solms-Braunfels and others

Victory
Anglo-Spanish War (1585–1604) Spain Spanish Empire

Sovereign Military Order of Malta Order of Saint John

 Kingdom of England
 United Provinces
Indecisive
Cambodian–Spanish War
(1593–97)
Spanish Empire Flag of Cambodia (pre-1863).svg Cambodia, Muslim Malay merchants and Muslim Cham merchants Defeat
Spanish–Moro conflict
(1500s–1900)
Spanish Empire Sultanate of Sulu
Sultanate of Maguindanao
Confederation of sultanates in Lanao
Failure to conquer the Moros
Irish Nine Years' War
(1594–1603)
O'Neill Clan.png Alliance of Irish clans
Spain Spain
Scottish Gaelic mercenaries
 Kingdom of England
 Kingdom of Ireland
Defeat
Franco-Spanish War (1595–1598) Spanish Empire Kingdom of France Kingdom of France
Croix huguenote.svg Huguenots
 Kingdom of England
Defeat
Acoma War
(1598–99)
 Crown of Castile Acoma Victory
Navajo Wars
(1600–1866)
 Crown of Castile
(1600–1716)
 Spain
(1716–1821)
 Mexico
(1821–1848)
 United States
(1849–1866)
Navajo United States victory
Acaxee Rebellion
(1601–1603)
Spain Spanish Empire Acaxee Indians Victory
Dutch–Portuguese War
(1602–63)
Portugal Kingdom of Portugal
Supported by:
 Crown of Castile
(until 1640)
 Kingdom of Cochin
Potiguara Tupis
 Dutch Republic
Supported by:
 Kingdom of England
(until 1640)
Johor Johor Sultanate
Kingdom of Kandy
Kingdom of Kongo
Kingdom of Ndongo
Rio Grande Tupis
Nhandui Tarairiu Tribe
Victory
War of the Jülich Succession
(1609–1614)
1610:
Supporting Emperor Rudolf:
 Holy Roman Empire
Straatsburg-Bistum.PNG Principality of Strasbourg
Prince-Bishopric of Liège

1613–1614:
Supporting Wolfgang William:
Spain Spain
Wappen-neuburg.jpg Palatinate-Neuburg
Catholic League (Germany).svg Catholic League

1610:
Opposed to Emperor Rudolph:
Margraviate of Brandenburg
Wappen-neuburg.jpg Palatinate-Neuburg
 United Provinces
 Kingdom of France
 England
Protestant Union

1613–1614:
Supporting John Sigismund:
Margraviate of Brandenburg
 United Provinces
 England
Protestant Union

Victory
Conquest of La Mamora
(1614)
 Spain Flag of Morocco 1258 1659.svg Saadi dynasty Victory
Tepehuán Revolt
(1616–1620)
Spain Spanish Empire Tepehuánes Victory
Thirty Years' War
(1618–48)
In 1633, a Spanish army under Gómez Suárez de Figueroa taking the Swiss city of Rheinfelden, in a plan to link the Spanish territories of Milan and the Spanish Netherlands. Painted by Vicente Carducho.
1618–1625
 Holy Roman Empire
Catholic League
Spain Spanish Empire
 Saxony
1625–1629
 Holy Roman Empire
Catholic League
1630–1635
 Holy Roman Empire
Catholic League
Spain Spanish Empire
1635–1648
 Holy Roman Empire
Spain Spanish Empire
1618–1625
Bohemia Bohemia
Electorate of the Palatinate
Transylvania
 United Provinces
 England
Ottoman Empire Ottoman Empire
1625–1629
Denmark Denmark–Norway
 United Provinces
 England
1630–1635
Sweden Sweden
 Saxony
Brandenburg-Prussia
1635–1648
 France
Sweden Sweden
Defeat
Spanish conquest of Petén
(1618–1697)
 Spain Independent Maya, including: Victory
First Genoese–Savoyard War
(1625)
 Spain
 Republic of Genoa
 Kingdom of France
 Duchy of Savoy
Victory
Anglo-Spanish War (1625–30) Spain Spain  England
 United Provinces
Victory[13]
Spanish expedition to Formosa
(1626)
Spain Spanish East Indies Kingdom of Middag Victory
  • Spanish establishment in Formosa
War of the Mantuan Succession
(1628–31)
Supporting the Duke of Guastalla:
 Holy Roman Empire
Spain Spain
 Duchy of Savoy
Supporting the Duke of Nevers:
 France
Victory
  • Peace of Regensburg (1630)
  • Treaty of Cherasco (1631)
Franco-Spanish War (1635–59) Spain Spanish Empire  France
 Duchy of Savoy
Ducado de Modena (antes de 1830).svg Duchy of Modena (1647–1649 and 1655–1659)
 Duchy of Parma (1635–1637)
 Commonwealth of England (from 1657)
Flag of Catalonia.svg Principality of Catalonia (from 1640)
Defeat
Piedmontese Civil War
(1639–42)
 Spain
Armoiries Savoie-Carignan 1656.svg Prince Thomas faction
 France
Duchy of Savoy Regency faction
Stalemate
Catalan Revolt
(1640–59)
 Spain  Principality of Catalonia
 France
Victory
Portuguese Restoration War
(1640–68)
Spain Castile and Aragon Portugal Kingdom of Portugal
Supported by:
 France
(1641–59)[14]
 Kingdom of England
(after 1662)
Defeat
Neapolitan Revolt
(1647–48)
 Spain Neapolitan Republic
 France
Victory
  • Revolt crushed
Anglo-Spanish War (1654–60)  Spain  Commonwealth of England Defeat
War of Devolution
(1667–68)
Spain Spanish Empire

Triple Alliance:
 Dutch Republic
 Kingdom of England
Sweden Swedish Empire
 France Defeat
Franco-Dutch War
(1672–78)
 Dutch Republic
 Holy Roman Empire
 Spain
Denmark Denmark–Norway
Wappen Mark Brandenburg.png Electorate of Brandenburg
 France
 England
 Sweden
Flag of the Prince-Bishopric of Münster.svg Bishopric of Münster
Black St George's Cross.svg Archbishopric of Cologne
Indecisive
Second Genoese–Savoyard War
(1672–73)
 Republic of Genoa
Supported by:
 Spain
 Duchy of Savoy Victory
Pueblo Revolt
(1680)
Spain Spanish Empire Puebloans Defeat
  • Expulsion of Spanish settlers
War of the Reunions
(1683–1684)
Spain Spanish Empire
 Holy Roman Empire
 Republic of Genoa
 France Defeat
Nine Years' War
(1688–97)
Grand Alliance:
 Dutch Republic
 England
 Holy Roman Empire
 Spain
 Piedmont-Savoy
 Sweden (until 1691)
 Scotland
 France
Jacobite Standard.jpg Irish and Scottish Jacobites
Indecisive
Sieges of Ceuta (1694–1727)  Spain
Estandarte Real de Felipe V.svg Bourbons (1704–1713)
 Morocco
Supported by:
 England (from 1707)
Victory

Bourbon Spain

Conflict Combatant 1 Combatant 2 Results Casualties
War of the Spanish Succession
(1701–14)
 Holy Roman Empire: Political victory for Spain loyal to Philip
Military victory for Spain loyal to Charles
Queen Anne's War
(1702–1713)
 France

Spain Spain

 Wabanaki Confederacy
 Caughnawaga Mohawk
 Choctaw
 Timucua
 Apalachee
 Natchez

 England (before 1707)[17]

 Great Britain (after 1707)[17]

 Muscogee (Creek)
 Chickasaw
 Yamasee Iroquois Confederacy

Defeat
Huilliche rebellion
(1712)
Spain Spanish Empire Huilliches of Chiloé Victory
  • Key encomenderos killed
  • Suppression of the rebellion
  • Encomienda mildened
Seventh Ottoman–Venetian War
(1714–18)
 Republic of Venice
Habsburg Monarchy Austria (from 1716)
 Portugal
 Order of Malta
 Papal States
 Spain[18]
Flag of Himara.JPG Himariotes
 Ottoman Empire Defeat
War of the Quadruple Alliance
(1718–20)
 Spain  Great Britain
 France
 Holy Roman Empire
 Dutch Republic
 Savoy
Defeat 4,350 killed or wounded[19]
Anglo-Spanish War (1727–29)  Spain  Great Britain Indecisive 20,000 killed (both sides)[20]
Spanish-Algerian War
(1732)
Spain Spain Ottoman Empire Regency of Algiers
(Ottoman Vilayet)
Victory Minimum
War of the Polish Succession
(1733–38)
Poland loyal to Stanisław I

 France
 Spain
 Kingdom of Sardinia
 Duchy of Parma

Poland loyal to Augustus III

 Russian Empire
 Habsburg Empire of Austria
 Saxony
 Kingdom of Prussia

Victory 3,000 killed or wounded[21]
Spanish–Portuguese War (1735–37) Spain Spanish Empire Portugal Portuguese Empire
Flag of the Princes of Brazil.svg Brazilian colonial forces
Defeat
Anglo-Spanish War of Jenkins' Ear
(1739–48)
Spain Spanish Empire  Great Britain Victory
War of the Austrian Succession
(1740–48)
 France
 Prussia
Spain Spain
Bavaria Bavaria (1741–45)
 Saxony (1741–42)
Kingdom of the Two Sicilies Sicily and Naples
 Republic of Genoa (1745–48)
Sweden Sweden (1741–43)
 Kingdom of Sardinia (1741–42)
 Habsburg Monarchy
 Great Britain
Province of Hanover Hanover
 Dutch Republic
 Saxony (1743–45)
 Kingdom of Sardinia (1742–48)
 Russia (1741–43, 1748)
Victory 3,000 killed or wounded[23]
Pima Revolt
(1751)
Spain Spanish Empire Pima Indians Victory
Action of 28 November 1751
(1751)
 Spain Ottoman Empire Regency of Algiers Victory
Seven Years' War
(1756–63)
Defeat 3,000 killed or wounded[24]
Anglo-Spanish War (1762–63) Spain Spain
 France
 Great Britain
Portugal
Filipino rebels
Defeat
  • Spain cedes Florida to Britain in exchange for return of Havana.
  • Spain received Louisiana from France.
Siege of Melilla (1774)  Spain Flag of Morocco 1666 1915.svg Morocco
Supported by:
 Great Britain
Victory 600
Invasion of Algiers (1775)  Spain
Tuscany Grand Duchy of Tuscany
 Ottoman Empire Defeat 500+ killed[25]
Spanish–Portuguese War (1776–77) Spain Spanish Empire Portugal Portuguese Empire Victory
Anglo-Spanish War (1779–83)

Europe & Atlantic

Louisiana and the Gulf Coast

Central America

West Indies

Spain Spain  Great Britain Victory 5,000 killed or died of disease
Bombardment of Algiers
(1783)
Spain Spain Ottoman Empire Regency of Algiers Spanish failure 26 dead
2nd Bombardment of Algiers
(1784)
Spain Spain
Flag of the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies (1816).svg Kingdom of the Two Sicilies
Sovereign Military Order of Malta Order of Saint John
Portugal
Ottoman Empire Regency of Algiers Victory 53 dead
Haitian Revolution
(1791–1804)
1791–1793
Ex-slaves
French royalists
Spain Spanish Empire (from 1793)

1793–1798
French royalists
 Great Britain
Spain Spanish Empire (until 1795)

1798–1801
France Louverture Loyalists
1802–1804
Ex-slaves
United Kingdom

1791–1793
Slave owners
France Kingdom of France (until 1792)
France French Republic
1793–1798
France French Republic

1798–1801
France Rigaud Loyalists
Spain Spanish Empire
1802–1804
France French Republic

French defeat
War of the First Coalition
(1792–97)
First Coalition:

 Holy Roman Empire

 Great Britain
Kingdom of France Army of Condé
Spain Spain (until 1795)
 Dutch Republic (until 1795)
 Portugal
 Sardinia (until 1796)
 Naples
Other Italian states

Victory
War of the Pyrenees
(1793–95)
 Spain
 Portugal
Kingdom of France French Émigrés
 France Defeat
Anglo-Spanish War (1796–1808)

Atlantic

Mediterranean

Americas

 Spain  Great Britain Inconclusive 7,000 killed or wounded (1796–1802)[21]
War of the Second Coalition
(1798–1802)
 France
 Spain
POL COA Ciołek.svg Polish Legions
Denmark Denmark–Norway
French client republics:
Second Coalition:

 Holy Roman Empire

 Great Britain (until 1801)
 United Kingdom (from 1801)
 Russia (until 1799)
 Portugal
 Naples
Tuscany Grand Duchy of Tuscany
Sovereign Military Order of Malta Order of Saint John (1798)
Malta (1798–1800)
 Ottoman Empire
Kingdom of France French Royalists


 United States
(Quasi-War) (until 1800)

Victory
War of the Oranges
(1801)
 France
 Spain
 Portugal Victory
War of the Third Coalition
(1803–06)
France French Empire

 Spain
 Electorate of Bavaria
Württemberg

Third Coalition:

 Holy Roman Empire
 Russian Empire
 United Kingdom
 Kingdom of Naples
Kingdom of the Two Sicilies Kingdom of Sicily
 Sweden
Kingdom of France French counter-revolutionaries
Kingdom of France French royalists

Victory
War of the Fourth Coalition
(1806–07)
French Empire Fourth Coalition: Victory
Invasion of Portugal (1807) France French Empire
 Spain
 Portugal Victory
Peninsular War
(1808–14)
Spain Bourbon Spain
 United Kingdom
 Portugal
France French Empire
Bonapartist Spain
Poland Duchy of Warsaw
Victory 300,000 military deaths
200,000 civilian deaths[26]
War of the Fifth Coalition
(1809)
Fifth Coalition: France France Defeat
Bolivian War of Independence
(1809–25)
 Spain Flag of Argentina (alternative).svg United Provinces of the River Plate
Republiquetas
Defeat
  • Independence of Bolivia
Mexican War of Independence
(1810–21)
 Spain Estandarte de Hidalgo.svg Bandera de José María Morelos en 1812.png Bandera Nacional de Guerra de Mexico en 1815.svg Insurgents
Flag of the Three Guarantees.svg Army of the Three Guarantees (1821)
Defeat
Argentine War of Independence
(1810–18)
Royalists
Spain Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata
Spain Viceroyalty of Peru
Patriots
Flag of Argentina (alternative).svg United Provinces of the River Plate
Chilean exiles
Defeat
Chilean War of Independence
(1810–26)
Spain Spanish Empire

Mapuche allies

 Chile
Argentina United Provinces
Mapuche allies
Defeat
  • Chilean emancipation from Spanish colonial rule
Venezuelan War of Independence
(1811–23)
Spain Kingdom of Spain Venezuela
 Gran Colombia
New Granada
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg British Legions
Defeat
  • Venezuelan independence
Peruvian War of Independence
(1811–24)
Spain Kingdom of Spain United Liberating Army

Flag of the United Kingdom.svg British Legions (from 1824)

Defeat
  • Peru becomes independent of the Spanish monarchy
War of the Sixth Coalition
(1813–1814)
 Russia
 Prussia
 Austria
 United Kingdom
 Sweden
Spain Spain
Portugal
Kingdom of the Two Sicilies Sicily
 Sardinia
 French Empire

Denmark Denmark–Norway Confederation of the Rhine


 United States
(War of 1812)

Victory
War of the Seventh Coalition
(1815)
Seventh Coalition:

 United Kingdom
 Prussia
 Austrian Empire
 Russian Empire
Province of Hanover Hanover
Nassau
Brunswick
 Sweden
 Netherlands
 Spain
 Portugal
 Sardinia
Kingdom of the Two Sicilies Sicily
Tuscany Tuscany
Switzerland
Kingdom of France French Kingdom

France French Empire
 Kingdom of Naples
Victory
Spanish reconquest of New Granada
(1815–16)
Spain Kingdom of Spain Flag of New Granada (1811-1814).svg United Provinces of New Granada Victory
  • Reconquest of New Granada by the Spanish monarchy
Ecuadorian War of Independence
(1820–22)
 Spain Independentist Armies Defeat
  • Independence of Ecuador from Spain
Spanish reconquest attempts in Mexico
(1821–29)
Spain Spanish Empire  Mexico Defeat
French invasion of Spain
(1823)
Pavillon royal de France.svg Kingdom of France

Spain Armée de la Foi

Spain Partisans of the Cortes Royalist victory
Portuguese Civil War
(1828–34)
Liberal Forces of Queen Maria II
Spain Spain (Since 1834)
United Kingdom United Kingdom

France France (Since 1830)

Absolutist Forces of King Miguel

Spain Spain (Until 1833)

Liberal victory
First Carlist War
(1833–1839)
Spain Forces of Queen Isabella II
United Kingdom United Kingdom
France French Kingdom

Portugal Forces of Queen Maria II

Carlists: Liberal victory
Second Carlist War
(1846–49)
Spain Spain Flag of Cross of Burgundy.svg Carlist insurgents Liberal victory
Spanish expedition to Balanguingui
(1848)
 Spain Moro Pirates Victory
Cochinchina Campaign
(1858–62)
Spain Spain

France Second French Empire

Dai Nam (Nguyễn dynasty) Victory
Hispano-Moroccan War (1859–60)  Spain Flag of Morocco 1666 1915.svg Morocco Victory 1,152 killed[27]
2,888 died of disease[27]
Franco-Mexican War
(1861–67)
France French Empire
Mexico Mexican Empire
 Austrian Empire
Spain Spain (until 1862)
 Belgium
 Mexican republicans
 United States
Withdrawal
Dominican Restoration War
(1863–65)
 Spain  Dominican Republic Withdrawal
  • Restoration of Dominican sovereignty
10,888 killed or wounded
20,000–30,000 died of disease
Chincha Islands War
(1864–66)
 Spain  Peru
 Chile
Joined in 1866:
 Ecuador

 Bolivia

Indecisive, both sides claimed victory
  • Peace treaties between Spain and Perú (1879), Bolivia (1879), Chile (1883) and Ecuador (1885).
300[27]

Restoration

Conflict Combatant 1 Combatant 2 Results
Ten Years' War
(1868–78)
 Spain  Cuban rebels Victory
Third Carlist War
(1872–76)
Spain Kingdom of Spain (1872–73)
Spain I Republic (1873–74)
Spain Kingdom of Spain (1875–76)
Flag of Cross of Burgundy.svg Carlist insurgents Royal Victory
Little War
(1879–1880)
 Spain  Cuban rebels Victory
First Melillan campaign
(1893–1894)
Detail of La Guerre au Maroc, Mort du Général Espagnol Margallo, from scan of Le Petit Journal, November 18, 1893.
 Spain   Rif tribes

Flag of Morocco 1666 1915.svg Morocco

Victory
Cuban War of Independence
(1895–1898)
An estimated 200,000 Cubans died in Spanish concentration camps.
Rear turret of the Spanish cruiser Vizcaya destroyed in the Battle of Santiago de Cuba.
From Edison film catalog: A file of Spanish soldiers line up the Cubans against a blank wall and fire a volley. The flash of rifles and drifting smoke make a very striking picture. (a re-enactment)
 Spain Cuban rebels
 United States
Defeat
Philippine Revolution
(1896–1898)
 Spain Katipunan (until 1897)

Filipino rebels (1898)
 United States (1898)

Peace Treaty (1897)

Defeat (1898)

Puerto Rican Campaign
(1898)
Coffins of Spanish–American War dead ready for burial in Arlington National Cemetery in 1898.
Spain United States United States Inconclusive
  • Militarily inconclusive
  • Spain cedes Puerto Rico in accordance with the accords of the Treaty of Paris of 1898
Siege of the International Legations
(1900)
 British Empire
 United States
France
 Russia
 Germany
 Italy
 Austria-Hungary
 Japan
 Belgium
 Netherlands
 Spain
 Qing Dynasty
Yìhéquán
Victory
Second Melillan campaign
(1909–1910)
Melilla campaign
Spain Spain   Rif tribes Victory
  • Melilla territory extended to Cape Three Forks and the Bḥar Ameẓẓyan lagoon
Rif War
(1920–1926)
Spanish Legionaires holding the heads of Moroccans they had captured and beheaded.
Spain Spain

France France

Flag of the Republic of the Rif.svg Republic of the Rif Victory

Francoist Spain

Conflict Combatant 1 Combatant 2 Results
Spanish Civil War
(1936–39)
 Spanish Republic
Supported by:
 Soviet Union
 Nationalist Spain
Supported by:
 Kingdom of Italy
 Nazi Germany
Nationalist victory
Eastern Front (World War II)
(1941–1945)
Axis powers

Axis puppet states
Co-belligerents
Allies

Former Axis powers or co-belligerents

Aerial and naval only
Soviet victory
Ifni War
(1957–1958)
 Spain
 France
 Morocco Victory
Basque conflict
(1959–2011)
Spain Francoist Spain (1959–1975)
 Spain (1975–2011)
 France
Basque Country (autonomous community) Basque National Liberation Movement.Terrorist group Victory
  • ETA declares definitive cessation of its armed activity.
Sahara Secret War
(1973–75)
 Spain
Polisario Inconclusive

Modern

Conflict Combatant 1 Combatant 2 Results
Gulf War
(1991)
 Kuwait
 United States
 Saudi Arabia
 France
 Egypt
 Syria
 United Kingdom

Other Allies

Iraq Victory
  • Kuwait regains its independence
Somali Civil War
(1992–1995)
 United States
 United Kingdom
 Spain
 Saudi Arabia
 Malaysia
 Pakistan
 Italy
 India
 Greece
 Germany
 France
 Canada
 Botswana
 Belgium
 Australia
Somalia Somalia Victory
  • UN humanitarian mandate fulfilled.
  • About 100,000 lives were saved by outside resistance.
  • Civil war is ongoing.
Bosnian intervention
(1992–1996)
 NATO  Yugoslavia Victory
Kosovo War
(1998–99)
Kosovo Liberation Army KLA

 NATO

 Yugoslavia Victory
War in Afghanistan
(2001–)
Spanish Light Infantry in Afghanistan, operating as part of Spain's military commitment to the NATO alliance.
 Afghanistan
ISAF-Logo.svg ISAF
Afghanistan Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan Ongoing
Perejil Island crisis
(2002)
 Spain  Morocco Victory
  • Moroccan soldiers removed by Spanish military
Iraq War
(2003–04)
MNF–I
 Iraq after the fall of Saddam Hussein

 Iraqi Kurdistan

 Iraq under Saddam Hussein

Various insurgents

Coalition victory
  • Fall of Ba'athist rule in Iraq
  • Deployment in Najaf
  • Spanish withdrawal in 2004, escalation of sectarian insurgency after U.S. withdrawal in 2011
Boko Haram insurgency
(2009–)
 Nigeria
 Cameroon
 Chad
 Niger
Supported by:
African Union
 Belgium
 Benin
 Canada
 China
 Colombia
 France