List of years in Australia
This page indexes the individual Australian year pages. It only references years relating to the European settlement of the country.
This page indexes the individual Australian year pages. It only references years relating to the European settlement of the country.
1. 2011 in Australia – The Toowoomba and Lockyer Valley regions are severely affected by floodwaters on 10 January, which would later lead to flooding in the Ipswich and Brisbane regions. 10 January – A large bushfire threatens the area of Lake Clifton, Western Australia,13 January –278 millimetres of rain falls in 24 hours at Scamander in north east Tasmania leads to flash flooding in the town, along with St Helens. 14 January – Major floods occur across much of western and central Victoria totally inundating the town of Carisbrook,17 January – The Commission of Inquiry into the 2010–11 Queensland floods is established to investigate matters related to the Queensland floods. 23 January – David Bartlett announces his resignation as Premier of Tasmania citing a desire to more time with his family. 30 January – Tropical Cyclone Anthony makes landfall near Bowen in Queenslands north,3 February – Severe Tropical Cyclone Yasi makes landfall at near Mission Beach, south of Innisfail, Queensland. 4–5 February – Severe thunderstorms related to Tropical Cyclone Anthony affect much of Victoria, flash flooding affected many places across the state including Mildura in the states north west and the south eastern suburbs of Melbourne. The town of Koo Wee Rup was evacuated when the Bunyip River reached a height of 7.2 metres, 6–7 February – Bushfires in Perth destroy at least 50 houses. 17 February – REDGroup Retail is placed into administration with Ferrier Hodgson appointed as administrators. 24 February – Prime Minister Julia Gillard announced that the Federal Government proposed to introduce a carbon pricing scheme by 1 July 2012, Federal Opposition Leader Tony Abbott claims that Gillard broke a promise made during the 2010 Federal election campaign not to introduce a carbon tax. 3 March – The temperature in Perth reaches above 30 degrees for the 26th consecutive day, making it the longest recorded heatwave in the city,26 March – A state election is held in New South Wales. Kristina Keneallys Labor government is defeated by Barry OFarrells Liberal-National Coalition,19 April – Floodwaters inundate around 100 houses in the western Queensland town of Roma. 20 April – Asylum seekers at Sydneys Villawood Detention Centre riot in protest over delays in processing their applications for asylum,4 May – Virgin Blue Airlines is renamed and rebranded as Virgin Australia. 16 May – The Australian Capital Territory Legislative Assembly elects Katy Gallagher as Chief Minister,5 June – Say Yes demonstrations occur in numerous cities across Australia in support of political action on climate change. 11 June – Hundreds of flights are suspended following the ash cloud from an eruption in the Puyehue-Cordón Caulle volcano complex in Chile reaching southern Australia, overland subsequently resigns as Chief Commissioner. 8 August – A High Court judge orders the governments Malaysia Solution to send asylum seekers to Malaysia be put on hold until the full bench of the High Court could assess the schemes legality,9 August – The 2011 Census of Population and Housing is held. 28 August – Queensland Police confirm that bones found in bushland on the Sunshine Coast are those of missing teenager Daniel Morcombe, Morcombe had been missing since 200331 August – The High Court of Australia rules the Gillard Governments Malaysia Solution for the processing of asylum-seekers is unlawful. 1 September – Forensic experts confirm that the remains of a person found on the grounds of the former HM Prison Pentridge are those of bushranger Ned Kelly,19 to 29 October – Queen Elizabeth and Prince Philip visit Canberra, Perth, Brisbane and Melbourne. 21 October – Mike Rann stands down as Premier of South Australia after losing party support,21 October – Victoria Police officers forcibly remove Occupy Melbourne protesters from Melbournes City Square
2. 1951 in Australia – 19 February – Jean Lee becomes the last woman to be hanged in Australia, when she, Robert Clayton and Norman Andrews are executed in Melbourne for the murder of a 73-year-old man. 1 March – The Bank of Australasia merges with the Union Bank of Australia to form the ANZ Bank,12 April – Conscription begins as the first call-up notice is issued under the National Service Act, requiring Australian 18-year-old males to undergo compulsory military training. 28 April – A federal election is held, the Liberal government of Robert Menzies retains power. 8 June – The first lessons of the School of the Air are broadcast from the Royal Flying Doctor Service in Adelaide,16 August – The Australian Financial Review is first published. 1 September – The Anzus Treaty, between Australia, New Zealand and the United States, is signed,9 September – Australia signs the Treaty of San Francisco, formalising peace with Japan. 22 September – A federal referendum is held, proposing to alter the Australian Constitution to allow the banning of the Communist Party,4 October – Francis McEncroe sells the first Chiko Rolls at the Wagga Wagga agricultural show. 15 October - A De Havilland Dove aircraft crashes near Kalgoorlie killing all 7 on board. 13 November – William McKell is gazetted a Knight Grand Cross of the Order of St Michael and St George, becoming the only Governor-General of Australia to be knighted during their term.6 in Hobart
3. 1953 in Australia – 29 October – British Commonwealth Pacific Airlines Douglas DC-6, registration VH-BPE, en route from Sydney, crashes on approach to San Francisco, killing 19 people. 4 December – Oil is discovered in the Exmouth Gulf off the coast of Western Australia, the first town to fluoridate the water supply in Australia was Beaconsfield, Tasmania. Cricket South Australia wins the Sheffield Shield Football 23 May, Fitzroy go within ten minutes of a score of 0.0. Allan Ruthven kicks a goal to save them from this ignominy. 1 August, Collingwood end Geelong’s record 26-game unbeaten streak, which still stand, when they win 10.15 to 7.13
4. Australians – Australians, colloquially known as Aussies, are people associated with Australia, sharing a common history, culture, and language. Present-day Australians are citizens of the Commonwealth of Australia, governed by its nationality law, the majority of Australians descend from the peoples of the British Isles. Many early settlements were penal colonies, and transported convicts made up a significant proportion of the population in most colonies, large-scale immigration did not occur until the 1850s, following a series of gold rushes. Prior to British settlement, Australia was inhabited by indigenous peoples – Aboriginal Australians, Aboriginal Tasmanians, and Torres Strait Islanders. A small percentage of present-day Australians descend from these peoples, the development of a separate Australian identity and national character is most often linked with the period surrounding the First World War, which gave rise to the concept of the Anzac spirit. The Eureka Rebellion of 1854 and various events of the Second World War, large-scale immigration occurred after the First and Second World Wars, with many post-World War II migrants coming from Southern and Eastern Europe introducing a variety of elements. Immigration from the Middle East, south and east Asia, Australian culture has diverged significantly since British settlement. Australians are referred to as Aussie and Antipodean, Australians were historically referred to as Colonials, British and British subjects. Australian identity draws on a multicultural, European and British cultural heritage, today, Australians of Anglo and other European descent are the dominant majority in Australia, estimated at 85–92% of the total population. Historically, European immigrants had great influence over Australian history and society, since soon after the beginning of British settlement in 1788, people of European descent have formed the majority of the population in Australia. The majority of Australians are of British – English, Scottish, Welsh, Cornish, or Manx –, although some observers stress Australias convict history, the vast majority of early settlers came of their own free will. Far more Australians are descended from assisted immigrants than from convicts, about 20% of Australians are descendants of convicts. Most of the first Australian settlers came from London, the Midlands and the North of England, anglo-Celtic Australians have been highly influential in shaping the nations culture. By the mid-1840s, the numbers of settlers had overtaken the convict population. In 1888,60 percent of the Australian population had been born in Australia, out of the remaining 40 percent,34 percent had been born in the British Isles, and 6 percent were of European origin, mainly from Germany and Scandinavia. In the 1840s, Scots-born immigrants constituted 12 percent of the Australian population, there were 1.3 million British migrants to Australia in the period from 1861–1914, of which 13.5 percent were Scots. 5.3 percent of the convicts transported to Eastern Australia between 1789 and 1852 were Scots, by 1850, there were 290,000 Aboriginal Australians. The European population grew from 0.3 percent of the population of the continent at 1800 to 58.6 percent at 1850, germans formed the largest non-British community for most of the 19th century
5. 2014 in Australia – The following lists events that happened during 2014 in Australia. 4 January – Stradbroke Island suffers bushfires which burn out over 8,500 hectares of bushland, 12–15 January – Perth Hills Fire, A total of 55 homes were razed,1 fatality, and a damage bill in excess of $13 million. 15–20 January – Grampians Fire – A fire starts as a result of lightning strikes in the northern Grampians National Park on 15 January, extreme fire conditions on 17 January saw the fire grow in size to over 50,000 hectares. The fire was bought under control on 18 January, by the time the fire is contained on 20 January, it had burnt out 55,000 hectares hectares. The estimated losses included 90 structures,32 homes and 3000 sheep, the laws also include expanded Sydney CBD CBD lockouts, a freeze on new liquor licences, and the statewide closure of bottle shops at 10, 00pm. 23 January – Prime Minister Tony Abbott addresses the World Economic Forum in Davos,28 January – General Peter Cosgrove is announced as the next Governor-General of Australia. 30 January – Tropical Cyclone Dylan dumps heavy rain on north, Prime Minister Tony Abbott says SPC Ardmonas parent company, Coca Cola Amatil, has the resources to carry out that restructure without the need for government funding. Smith told Parliament that Shaw had been colluding with Labor to destabilise the state government,8 February – Terri Butler retains the seat of Griffith over Bill Glasson in the Griffith by-election. 9 February – Bushfires north of Melbourne and in Gippsland destroy over 30 houses,13 February – Cameron Baird is posthumously awarded the Victoria Cross for Australia for his actions in the War in Afghanistan. 18 February – The Australian Federal Police carries out raids on the offices of Channel Seven in Sydney in relation to the bid for an interview with convicted drug smuggler. 22 February – Labor candidate Yvette DAth wins the Redcliffe state by-election,2014 in Queensland, media personality Charlotte Dawson is found dead in her Woolloomooloo apartment after committing suicide. 13 March – A Royal Commission into trade union governance and corruption begins its inquiry, brett Peter Cowan is found guilty of murdering teenager Daniel Morecombe in December 2003. Mr. Cowan is sentenced to life in jail with a minimum period of 20 years on 14 March. 15 March – State elections are held in South Australia and Tasmania, the Liberal Party defeats the Giddings Labor government in Tasmania, after 16 years in opposition. In South Australia, the result is a parliament, with Jay Weatherills Labor government remaining in power after the support of one of the crossbench independents. 25 March – Prime Minister Tony Abbott announces that the titles of knights, the first to receive the award will be the outgoing Governor-General, the Queens representative in Australia, who will be known as Dame Quentin Bryce. Incoming Governor-General Peter Cosgrove and all holders of the post will also receive the honour. 5 April – A special election is held for six Senate seats from Western Australia,11 April – Cyclone Ita makes landfall near Cape Flattery north of Cooktown, Queensland
6. 1972 in Australia – 10 May – Law professor George Duncan is drowned in the Torrens River, Adelaide. Police establish that his death was a homophobic-related murder,3 June – Douglas Nicholls becomes the first Indigenous Australian to be knighted. 29 July – Kerry Anne Wells earned Australias first Miss Universe crown, in Dorado,6 October – Faraday School kidnapping – six pupils and their teacher are kidnapped for $1 million ransom in Victoria. 15 November – First aircraft hijacking in Australia, ansett Airlines Flight 232 from Adelaide to Alice Springs with 28 passengers and a crew of 4. Followed by gun battle at Alice Springs Airport,1 December – Belinda Green is crowned Miss World in London, becoming the second Australian winner of this pageant. Australia won the two most important beauty contest in this year,2 December – Gough Whitlam becomes Prime Minister of Australia. Shane Gould is announced as Australian of the Year The health warning, Smoking is a Health Hazard becomes compulsory on cigarette packets in Australia. Thea Astleys novel The Acolyte wins the Miles Franklin Award The Adventures of Barry McKenzie 13 March – Controversial soap opera Number 96 debuts on Network 0–10,16 November – The Aunty Jack Show premieres on ABC-TV in Sydney. 16 September – Bernard Vine wins the national marathon title, clocking 2,28,21 in Richmond
7. 1962 in Australia – 1 March – The final section of the Cahill Expressway opens in Sydney. The Catholic Church declared they had no money to install the extra toilets, nearly 1,000 children turned up to be enrolled locally and the state schools were unable to accommodate them. In 1963, Menzies made State aid for science blocks part of his partys platform in response to the public debate engendered by the Goulburn strike,15 August – The Red Sales aerobatic team, flying Vampire jets, crashes in practice, killing six people. 28 September – Paddington tram depot fire, One fifth of the Brisbane tram fleet is destroyed when the Paddington tram depot is burnt down in suspicious circumstances,2 November – The first performance of the Australian Ballet Company in Sydney was of Swan Lake. 18 March – WIN Television opens in Wollongong, New South Wales as WIN-4.2 in Perth
8. 1952 in Australia – 18 April – Owen Dixon becomes Chief Justice of the High Court of Australia. 29 April – The ANZUS Treaty between Australia, New Zealand and the United States comes into force,28 October – Premier of Victoria John McDonald resigns after the Victorian Legislative Council refuses supply. Thomas Hollway forms a short-lived ministry which lasts four days,30 November – Lang Hancock discovers the worlds largest deposit of iron ore in the Hamersley Range of Western Australias Pilbara region. 6 December – A state election is held in Victoria,3 October – The first British nuclear test in Australia, Operation Hurricane, commences on the Monte Bello Islands with the detonation of an atomic bomb of 25 kilotons yield. Three other games are the first played interstate for premiership points since 1904 but flooding rains affect attendances and cause one game to be postponed and played under lights