USS Bluebird (ASR-19)

The second USS Bluebird was a Penguin-class submarine rescue ship in the United States Navy. Bluebird was laid down on 23 June 1945 at Charleston, South Carolina, by the Charleston Shipbuilding & Drydock Co. as the fleet ocean tug Yurok. It was redesignated as the submarine rescue ship ASR-19 on 7 November 1945, renamed Bluebird on 3 December 1945. Bluebird was launched on 15 February 1946, sponsored by Mrs. Paul Lambert Borden, commissioned at the Charleston Naval Shipyard on 28 May 1946, with Lt. Comdr. P. R. Hodgson in command. Bluebird reported to the Commander, Training Group, Atlantic Fleet, in mid-July and completed shakedown training in Chesapeake Bay. After post-shakedown repairs at Charleston, the submarine rescue vessel reported for duty with the Submarine Force, Atlantic Fleet on 28 August. On the following day, she departed Charleston under orders to join Submarine Squadron 5, Pacific Fleet, she transited the Panama Canal on 5 September and, on the 7th, resumed her voyage to Pearl Harbor in company with USS Tawakoni, USS Cahuilla and two tows.

The ship arrived in Pearl Harbor on 12 October and relieved USS Widgeon as rescue vessel for SubRon 5. Bluebird remained at Pearl Harbor for the next six months inspecting rescue and salvage equipment on board SubRon 5 submarines and assisting them in training missions. On 29 April 1947, she departed Pearl Harbor for the Far East; the ship departed there again the following day. On 14 May, she arrived in Tsingtao and relieved USS Greenlet. For the next four months, Bluebird conducted rescue and salvage training with submarines at Tsingtao. On 12 October 1947, she departed that port to return to Hawaii; the submarine rescue vessel reentered Pearl Harbor on 3 November 1941 and began overhaul at the Pearl Harbor Naval Shipyard soon thereafter. The ship resumed duty with Pearl Harbor-based submarines. On 16 May 1949, she stood out of Pearl Harbor in company with USS Queenfish en route to the western Pacific; the two ships conducted exercises along the way before arriving in Yokosuka, Japan, on 20 June 1949.

The submarine rescue vessel operated in the Orient exercising with submarines and destroyers until the following November. She visited such ports as Guam in the Marianas and Subic Bay in the Philippines. On 25 July 1949, she assisted SS John C. Fremont, which ship had gone aground off Mayango Island; the next month between the 9th and the 10th, Bluebird towed the disabled USNS Cache into Yokosuka. On 29 November, she departed Hong Kong in company with USS Sea Fox to return to Hawaii; the two ships conducted exercises along the way and made a stop at Midway Island before reentering Pearl Harbor on 13 December. After overhaul, she resumed active duty in March 1950 with Submarine Division 12, she operated with submarines and trained divers until 20 May, at which time she left Oahu for the east coast of the United States. Steaming via the Panama Canal and San Juan, Puerto Rico, the submarine rescue vessel arrived in New London, Connecticut, on 16 June 1950. Assigned to duty with SubRon 8, she conducted training for the Turkish crew that would take her over that summer.

Bluebird was decommissioned on 15 August 1950 and transferred to the Turkish Navy. She was commissioned in that navy as Kurtaran with the designation A-584, her name was struck from the U. S. Navy list on 26 September 1950; this article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. The entry can be found here. Photo gallery at

Insoo Hyun

Insoo Hyun is a Professor of Bioethics and Philosophy at Case Western Reserve University in Cleveland, Ohio. He is known for his international collaboration and work in the area of stem cell ethics and other biotechnologies. Insoo Hyun grew up in Hollister and graduated from San Benito High School in 1988, he earned his BA and MA in Philosophy with Honors at Stanford University in 1992 and 1993, respectively. He earned his PhD under the advisement of Dr. Dan Brock, he was awarded a Fulbright Award to study the ethical and cultural implications of human cloning in South Korea in 2005. A year he chaired the Human Biological Materials Procurement subcommittee of the International Society for Stem Cell Research, he was the chair of ISSCR's Ethics and Public Policy Committee, co-chair for the organization's Task Force on Guidelines for the Clinical Translation of stem cells. He served on the Task Force that revised the 2016 ISSCR Guidelines for Stem Cell Research and Clinical Translation. Hyun has been published in Nature, The Hastings Center Report, Cell Stem Cell, among many other journals.

He has written about the ethics of travel for medical treatment, the procurement of human materials for stem cell research, the appropriateness of the use of chimeras. Hyun has been interviewed on National Public Radio on issues related to cloning and human embryo research, he has presented and served on committees for the U. S. National Academy of Sciences and the Institute of Medicine, he has authored over 50 journal publications and his articles have been cited over 1000 times. His book Bioethics and the Future of Stem Cell Research was published by Cambridge University Press in 2013. In June 2009, Hyun and other faculty at Case Western Reserve University teamed up with Dr Kevin Eggan of the Harvard Stem Cell Institute and offered a course entitled "At the Cutting Edge of Stem Cell Science: Ethical and Policy Issues. Beginning in 2018, Hyun will collaborate with leading scientists at Harvard and MIT to investigate emerging ethical issues in human brain organoid research." Hyun received his first degree black belt in Kenpo Karate from Glen Hastie and Genie Yakaoma at age 16, earned his second degree black belt from the same club.

In 1991, while a student at Stanford University, Dr. Hyun became the California State Champion in the discipline. In 1994, while living in Providence, RI during his time at Brown University, he earned his third degree black belt under the direction of George Pesare, he now trains at Vanyo Martial Arts, a mixed-martial arts club in Northeast Ohio, where he earned his black band in Muay Thai in 2017