Lists of countries and territories
This list is incomplete. You can help by expanding itThis is a list of many lists of countries and territories by various definitions, including FIFA countries and fictional countries. A country or territory in the sense of nation or state. List of countries by name The characteristics of the human population: Population and poverty List of countries and dependencies by population List of countries by population List of countries and territories by population density List of countries by real population density List of countries by past population Lists of countries by population in: 1900 1907 2000 2010 List of countries by past and future population List of countries by past and future population List of countries by population growth rate List of countries by net migration rate List of countries by sex ratio List of countries by percentage of population living in poverty Life and health List of countries by birth rate List of countries by death rate List of countries and territories by fertility rate List of countries by foreign-born population List of countries by happiness List of countries by HIV/AIDS adult prevalence rate List of countries by homicide rate List of countries by infant mortality rate List of countries by life expectancy List of countries by median age List of countries by suicide rate List of countries by percentage of population suffering from undernourishment List of countries by Human Development Index List of countries by literacy rate Education Index Life Expectancy Index Religion List of countries by Christian population List of countries by Muslim population List of countries by Hindu population List of countries by Buddhist population List of countries by Jewish population List of countries by Sikh population List of countries by Ahmadiyya population List of countries by irreligious population Language List of countries by spoken languages List of countries by English-speaking population List of countries where Arabic is an official language List of countries where English is an official language List of countries where French is an official language List of countries where Portuguese is an official language List of countries where Russian is an official language List of countries where Spanish is an official language Urbanization by country The production and consumption of goods and services: Ease of Doing Business Index Rankings List of countries by central bank interest rates List of countries by current account balance List of countries by distribution of wealth List of countries by economic freedom List of countries by employment rate List of countries by exports List of countries by external debt List of countries by foreign exchange reserves List of countries by freshwater withdrawal List of countries by imports List of countries by income equality List of countries by number of broadband Internet subscriptions List of countries by number of Internet hosts List of countries by number of Internet users List of countries by Official Development Assistance received List of countries by public debt List of countries by research and development spending List of countries by unemployment rate List of largest consumer markets List of minimum wages by country List of most charitable countries The value of goods and services produced within a country: List of countries by cement production List of countries by motor vehicle production List of shipbuilders and shipyards List of countries by steel production Fishing industry by country International wheat production statistics Land use statistics by country List of countries by apple production List of countries by dietary calorie intake List of countries by irrigated land area List of countries by tomato production List of wine-producing countries The physical and biotic factors that act upon an ecosystem: List of countries by carbon dioxide emissions List of countries by carbon dioxide emissions per capita List of countries by energy consumption per capita List of countries by electrification rate List of countries by electricity consumption List of countries by electricity production from renewable sources List of countries by energy consumption and production List of countries by greenhouse gas emissions per capita List of countries by ratio of GDP to carbon dioxide emissions List of countries with the most hydro-electric capacity List of countries by installed wind power capacity The Earth and its features: List of countries and dependencies by area List of countries by forest area List of countries by length of coastline List of countries by total renewable water resources List of countries without rivers List of countries and territories by continent List of sovereign states and dependent territories by continent List of countries by highest point List of countries by lowest point List of countries by northernmost point List of countries by southernmost point List of countries by easternmost point List of countries by westernmost point List of countries by Exclusive Economic Zone List of island countries List of countries that border only one other country List of countries and territories by land borders List of landlocked countries Freedom of religion by country Freedom of speech by country Blasphemy law by country Censorship by country Internet censorship and surveillance by country Human rights by country Laws against Holocaust denial by country LGBT rights by country or territory List of countries by United Nations geoscheme List of ISO 3166 country codes Global Peace Index rankings List of countries by military expenditures List of countries by number of troops List of countries without armed forces List of aircraft carriers by country List of states with nuclear weapons List of submarine oper
World Heritage Site
A World Heritage Site is a landmark or area, selected by the United Nations Educational and Cultural Organization as having cultural, scientific or other form of significance, is protected by international treaties. The sites are judged important to the collective interests of humanity. To be selected, a World Heritage Site must be an classified landmark, unique in some respect as a geographically and identifiable place having special cultural or physical significance, it may signify a remarkable accomplishment of humanity, serve as evidence of our intellectual history on the planet. The sites are intended for practical conservation for posterity, which otherwise would be subject to risk from human or animal trespassing, unmonitored/uncontrolled/unrestricted access, or threat from local administrative negligence. Sites are demarcated by UNESCO as protected zones; the list is maintained by the international World Heritage Program administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 "states parties" that are elected by their General Assembly.
The programme catalogues and conserves sites of outstanding cultural or natural importance to the common culture and heritage of humanity. Under certain conditions, listed sites can obtain funds from the World Heritage Fund; the program began with the Convention Concerning the Protection of the World's Cultural and Natural Heritage, adopted by the General Conference of UNESCO on 16 November 1972. Since 193 state parties have ratified the convention, making it one of the most recognized international agreements and the world's most popular cultural program; as of July 2018, a total of 1,092 World Heritage Sites exist across 167 countries. Italy, with 54 sites, has the most of any country, followed by China, France, Germany and Mexico. In 1954, the government of Egypt decided to build the new Aswan High Dam, whose resulting future reservoir would inundate a large stretch of the Nile valley containing cultural treasures of ancient Egypt and ancient Nubia. In 1959, the governments of Egypt and Sudan requested UNESCO to assist their countries to protect and rescue the endangered monuments and sites.
In 1960, the Director-General of UNESCO launched an appeal to the member states for an International Campaign to Save the Monuments of Nubia. This appeal resulted in the excavation and recording of hundreds of sites, the recovery of thousands of objects, as well as the salvage and relocation to higher ground of a number of important temples, the most famous of which are the temple complexes of Abu Simbel and Philae; the campaign, which ended in 1980, was considered a success. As tokens of its gratitude to countries which contributed to the campaign's success, Egypt donated four temples: the Temple of Dendur was moved to the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York City, the Temple of Debod was moved to the Parque del Oeste in Madrid, the Temple of Taffeh was moved to the Rijksmuseum van Oudheden in the Netherlands, the Temple of Ellesyia to Museo Egizio in Turin; the project cost $80 million, about $40 million of, collected from 50 countries. The project's success led to other safeguarding campaigns: saving Venice and its lagoon in Italy, the ruins of Mohenjo-daro in Pakistan, the Borobodur Temple Compounds in Indonesia.
UNESCO initiated, with the International Council on Monuments and Sites, a draft convention to protect the common cultural heritage of humanity. The United States initiated the idea of cultural conservation with nature conservation; the White House conference in 1965 called for a "World Heritage Trust" to preserve "the world's superb natural and scenic areas and historic sites for the present and the future of the entire world citizenry". The International Union for Conservation of Nature developed similar proposals in 1968, they were presented in 1972 to the United Nations Conference on the Human Environment in Stockholm. Under the World Heritage Committee, signatory countries are required to produce and submit periodic data reporting providing the World Heritage Committee with an overview of each participating nation's implementation of the World Heritage Convention and a "snapshot" of current conditions at World Heritage properties. A single text was agreed on by all parties, the "Convention Concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage" was adopted by the General Conference of UNESCO on 16 November 1972.
The Convention came into force on 17 December 1975. As of May 2017, it has been ratified by 193 states parties, including 189 UN member states plus the Cook Islands, the Holy See and the State of Palestine. Only four UN member states have not ratified the Convention: Liechtenstein, Nauru and Tuvalu. A country must first list its significant natural sites. A country may not nominate sites. Next, it can place sites selected from that list into a Nomination File; the Nomination File is evaluated by the International Council on Monuments and Sites and the World Conservation Union. These bodies make their recommendations to the World Heritage Committee; the Committee meets once per year to determine whether or not to inscribe each nominated property on the World Heritage List and sometimes defers or refers the decision to request more information from the country which nominated the site. There are ten selection criteria – a site must meet at least one of them to be included on the list
Lists of cities by country
This is a list of lists on the cities of present-day nations and dependencies. Countries are listed in bold under their respective pages, whereas territories and dependencies are not. Disputed and unrecognized countries are italicized. List of cities in Abkhazia - Republic of Abkhazia List of cities in Afghanistan - Islamic Republic of Afghanistan List of cities in Albania - Republic of Albania List of cities in Algeria - People's Democratic Republic of Algeria List of cities in Andorra - Principality of Andorra List of cities in Angola - Republic of Angola List of cities in Antigua and Barbuda - Antigua and Barbuda List of cities in Argentina - Argentine Republic List of cities in Armenia - Republic of Armenia List of cities in Aruba - Aruba List of cities in Australia - Commonwealth of Australia List of cities in Austria - Republic of Austria List of cities in Azerbaijan - Republic of Azerbaijan List of cities in the Bahamas - Commonwealth of The Bahamas List of cities in Bahrain - Kingdom of Bahrain List of cities in Bangladesh - People's Republic of Bangladesh List of cities in Barbados - Barbados List of cities in Belarus - Republic of Belarus List of cities in Belgium - Kingdom of Belgium List of cities in Belize - Belize List of cities in Benin - Republic of Benin List of cities in Bhutan - Kingdom of Bhutan List of cities in Bolivia - Plurinational State of Bolivia List of cities in Bosnia and Herzegovina - Bosnia and Herzegovina List of cities in Botswana - Republic of Botswana List of cities in Brazil - Federative Republic of Brazil List of cities in Brunei - State of Brunei Darussalam List of cities in Bulgaria - Republic of Bulgaria List of cities in Burkina Faso - Burkina Faso List of cities in Burundi - Republic of Burundi List of cities in Cambodia - Kingdom of Cambodia List of cities in Cameroon - Republic of Cameroon List of cities in Canada - Canada List of cities in Cape Verde - Republic of Cape Verde List of cities in Cayman Islands - Cayman Islands List of cities in the Central African Republic - Central African Republic List of cities in Chad - Republic of Chad List of cities in Chile - Republic of Chile List of cities in China - People's Republic of China List of cities in Colombia - Republic of Colombia List of cities in Comoros - Union of the Comoros List of cities in the Democratic Republic of the Congo - Democratic Republic of the Congo List of cities in the Republic of the Congo - Republic of the Congo List of cities in Costa Rica - Republic of Costa Rica List of cities in Côte d'Ivoire - Republic of Côte d'Ivoire List of cities in Croatia - Republic of Croatia List of cities in Cuba - Republic of Cuba List of cities in Cyprus - Republic of Cyprus List of cities in the Czech Republic - Czech Republic List of cities in Denmark - Kingdom of Denmark List of cities in Dhekelia - Sovereign Base Areas of Dhekelia List of cities in Djibouti - Republic of Djibouti List of cities in Dominica - Commonwealth of Dominica List of cities in the Dominican Republic - Dominican Republic List of cities in East Timor - Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste List of cities in Ecuador - Republic of Ecuador List of cities in Egypt - Arab Republic of Egypt List of cities in El Salvador - Republic of El Salvador List of cities in Equatorial Guinea - Republic of Equatorial Guinea List of cities in Eritrea - State of Eritrea List of cities in Estonia - Republic of Estonia List of cities in Eswatini - Kingdom of Eswatini List of cities in Ethiopia - Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia List of cities in the Falkland Islands - Falkland Islands List of cities in the Faroe Islands - Faroe Islands List of cities in Fiji - Republic of the Fiji Islands List of cities in Finland - Republic of Finland List of cities in France - French Republic List of cities in French Guiana - French Guiana List of cities in French Polynesia - French Polynesia List of cities in Gabon - Gabonese Republic List of cities in the Gambia - Republic of The Gambia See List of cities in Palestinian Authority areas for Gaza Strip List of cities in Georgia - Georgia List of cities in Germany - Federal Republic of Germany List of cities in Ghana - Republic of Ghana List of cities in Gibraltar - Gibraltar List of cities in Greece - Hellenic Republic List of cities in Greenland - Greenland List of cities in Grenada - Grenada List of cities in Guadeloupe - Guadeloupe List of cities in Guam - Territory of Guam List of cities in Guatemala - Republic of Guatemala List of cities in Guinea - Republic of Guinea List of cities in Guinea-Bissau - Republic of Guinea-Bissau List of cities in Guyana - Co-operative Republic of Guyana List of cities in Haiti - Republic of Haiti List of cities in Honduras - Republic of Honduras List of cities in Hong Kong - Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China List of cities in Hungary - Republic of Hungary List of cities in Iceland - Republic of Iceland List of cities in India - Republic of India List of cities in Indonesia - Republic of Indonesia List of cities in Iran - Islamic Republic of Iran List of cities in Iraq - Republic of Iraq List of cities in Ireland - Ireland See List of cities in the Falkland Islands for Islas Malvinas List of cities in the Isle of Man - Isle of Man List of cities in Israel - State of Israel List of cities in Italy - Italian Republic List of cities in Jamaica - Jamaica List of cities in Japan - Japan List of cities in