Postal Index Number
A Postal Index Number, or sometimes redundantly a PIN code, is a code in the post office numbering or postal code system used by India Post, the Indian postal entity. The code is six digits long; the PIN system was introduced on 15 August 1972 by Shriram Bhikaji Velankar, an additional secretary in the Union Ministry of Communications. The system was introduced to simplify the manual sorting and delivery of mail by eliminating confusion over incorrect addresses, similar place names, different languages used by the public. There are nine postal zones including eight regional zones and one functional zone; the first digit of the PIN indicates the zone. The second digit indicates the sub-zone, the third digit indicates the sorting district within that zone; the final three digits are assigned to individual post offices. The first digit of the PIN is allocated over the 9 zones as follows: 1 — Delhi, Punjab, Himachal Pradesh and Kashmir, Chandigarh 2 — Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand 3 — Rajasthan, Gujarat and Diu, Dadra and Nagar 4 — Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh 5 — Telangana, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka 6 — Tamil Nadu, Puducherry, Lakshadweep 7 — West Bengal, Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Tripura, Meghalaya and Nicobar Islands, Sikkim 8 — Bihar, Jharkhand 9 — Army Post Office and Field Post Office The first three digits of the PIN represent a specific geographical region called a sorting district, headquartered at the main post office of the largest city and is known as the sorting office.
A state may have one or more sorting districts depending on the volume of mail handled. The fourth digit represents the route; this is 0 for offices in the core area of the sorting district. The last two digits represent the delivery office within the sorting district starting from 01 which would be the General Post Office or head office; the numbering of the delivery office is done chronologically with higher numbers assigned to newer delivery offices. If the volume of mails handled at a delivery office is too large, a new delivery office is created and the next available PIN is assigned. Thus, two delivery offices situated next to each other will only have the first four digits in common; each PIN is mapped to one delivery post office which receives all the mail to be delivered to one or more lower offices within its jurisdiction, all of which share the same code. The delivery office can either be a General Post Office, a head office, or a sub-office which are located in urban areas; the post from the delivery office is sorted and routed to other delivery offices for a different PIN or to one of the relevant sub-offices or branch offices for the same PIN.
Branch offices have limited postal services. Find Pincode – India Post
Bindudham known as Binduwasni Mandir, is a Hindu Temple of the Maha Durga, Maha Lakshmi and Maha Saraswati in the form of Shaktipeeth. "Binduwasni Mandir" is at the top of the "Binduwasni hill". The main temple has a statue of the Hindu god Surya, he is seated in a Seven horsed Rath. In another part of Binduwasni hill, a large 35-foot statue of Hanuman stands, where people can see his sacred foot prints. Barharwa Junction railway station is only two kilometers away from Bindudham; this temple is situated at the top of Barharwa. Binduwasni hill belongs to Rajmahal hills formed at the time of Jurassic Period. Bindudham temple was an ancient temple, but with the elapse of time, it became unpopular. Swami Hariharanand Giri, popularly known as Pahari Baba, realised this ancient temple's importance, it is thanks to the work and direction of Pahari Baba that this Bindudham, Barharwa has again gained its great prosperity and heritage. Binduwasni Temple is related to the Story of'the story of Goddess Sati'.
Three sacred blood drops of Sati are placed in the form of Shakti Peeth. In metaphysical terms, Bindu is considered the point where creation begins and the many become the unity, it is described as "the sacred symbol of the cosmos in its unmanifested state". Chetra Navratri Durga puja is the main puja festival in Bindudham temple; the Chetra Navratra festival falls in the Shukla Paksha, the first nine days of the month of Chaitra in the Hindu calendar. In this occasion of Chetra Navratra, a nine days Maha Yajna is organised. Fair devotees gather in large numbers on Ram-Navami at this temple during this festival. Along with the Chetra puja, Bindudham temple organises all Hindu worship occasions like Govardhan Puja, Rani Sati Pujan, Guru Purnima, Khatu Shyam Pujan etc. along with regional cultural activities. Tridevi Navratri Shakti Peethas Sati Bindu Sahebganj Tourism
Deoghar district is one of the twenty-four districts of Jharkhand state in eastern India, Deoghar town is the administrative headquarters of this district. This district is known for the Baidyanath Jyotirlinga shrine; this district is part of Santhal Pargana division. Deoghar is a Hindi word and the literal meaning of ‘Deoghar’ is abode of the Gods and Goddesses. Deoghar is known as “Baidyanath Dham”, “Baba Dham”, “B. Deoghar”; the district was formed on 1 June 1981 by separating Deoghar sub-division of the erstwhile Santhal Pargana district. Deoghar district is located in the western portion of Santhal paraganas, it is bounded by Banka and Jamui district in north, Dumka in east and Jamtara in south and Giridhih in west. The district extends from 24 0 03' and 23 0 38' N latitude and 86 0 28' and 87 0 04' E longitude and comprises 2481 km2 area, it has population 1,165,390 persons. The district contains several clusters of rocky hills covered with forest, but series of long ridges with intervening depressions.
Most of the rolling uplands are cultivated by highland crops. The average elevation of the district is 247 m above msl, However hill ranges like Phuljari and Degaria break the monotony of the landscape; the general slope of the district is from north west to south east. Geologically the district is covered by chhotanagpur granite gneiss of Archean age with paches of alluvium and shale of Gondawana formations. Important rivers flowing in the district are the Paltro etc.. These rivers gather a large number of tributaries which form the land scape full of Dons. Taluk Name State Deoghar,Madhupur, Sarsa Kushmaha, Tharidulampur, Charakmara, Devipur, Sarath, Mohanpur, babangaua,Ghorlash, Koridih, Gidhaiya, Jitjori etc; the district experience cool dry winters. Average annual rainfall is 1239 mm, mean summer maximum temperature is 43 °C and mean winter minimum temperature is 8 °C, it is one of the 21 districts in Jharkhand receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme. The district comprises two Sub Divisions: Deoghar Madhupur Blocks: The district comprises ten blocks: Deoghar, Madhupur, Palojori, Devipur, Margomunda and Sonaraithari.
There are 3 Vidhan Sabha constituencies in this district: Madhupur and Deoghar. Madhupur and Deoghar are part of Godda Lok Sabha constituency, while Sarath is part of Dumka Lok Sabha constituency. Deoghar district consists of 10 Blocks; the following are the list of the Blocks in Deoghar district: Deoghar Block Mohanpur Sarwan Sarath Palojori Madhupur Karon Sonaraithari Devipur Margomunda, According to the 2011 census, Deoghar district has a population of 1,491,879 equal to the nation of Gabon or the US state of Hawaii. This gives it a ranking of 337th in India; the district has a population density of 602 inhabitants per square kilometre. Its population growth rate over the decade 2001–2011 was 28.02%. Deoghar has a sex ratio of 921 females for every 1000 males, a literacy rate of 66.34%. The holy city which claims mythological origins houses the famous Baidyanath Dham temple and is the primary tourist attraction. 1. Baidyanath Dham The Baba Baidyanath Temple complex enshrines a Jyotirlinga, along with 12 other temples.
Being one of the most sacred temples in India, the Baidyanath Temple holds a spiritual high ground among other temples owing to its religious significance and its architecture. Located in Deoghar in the Santhal Parganas division of the state of Jharkhand in India, this large temple complex comprises the main temple of Baba Baidyanath, where the Jyotirlinga is installed, along with twenty-one other temples; the temple is mentioned in several ancient scriptures and continues to be mentioned in modern-day history books. The story of the origin of this Jyotirlinga goes back in the era of Lord Rama. According to popular Hindu beliefs, the demon Ravana, king of Lanka, worshipped Shiva at this site, where the temple is located. Ravana offered his ten heads one as a sacrifice to Lord Shiva. Pleased with this act, Shiva proceeded to descend to the Earth to cure Ravana, injured. Since Lord Shiva had acted as a doctor, he is referred to as'Vaidhya', it is from this aspect of Shiva that the temple derives its name.
2. Nandan Pahar Nandan Pahar is an amusement park built on top of a hill in the district of Deoghar in Jharkhand, India; the park attracts visitors from nearby localities from all age groups. Nandan Pahar consists of a garden, a pond, serves as an amusement or recreational park with several joy rides withing the green garden. There are theme houses at the park too; the Nandi temple, situated on the top of Nandan Pahar, is famous in the locality. Nandan Pahar is promoted by the Jharkhand State Tourism Development Corporation. 3. Tapovan Caves and Hills Located 10 km from Deoghar, this place has a temple of Shiva called Taponath Mahadeva and a number of caves are present there. In one of the caves, there is a Shiva lingam installed and it is said that Sage Valmiki came here for penance. 4. Naulakha Mandir Situated 1.5 km from the main temple, this temple measures 146 ft high and is similar to the temple of Ramakrishna in Belur. It is dedicated to Radha-Krishna and since its construction cost Rs. 9 lakh, it is known as Naulakha temple.
5. Basukinath Temple Located in the Dumka district of Jharkhand on the Deoghar-Dumka state highway, Basukinath is a place of worship for Hindus. Pilgrims visit the temple each yea
States and union territories of India
India is a federal union comprising 29 states and 7 union territories, for a total of 36 entities. The states and union territories are further subdivided into districts and smaller administrative divisions; the Constitution of India distributes the sovereign executive and legislative powers exercisable with respect to the territory of any State between the Union and that State. The Indian subcontinent has been ruled by many different ethnic groups throughout its history, each instituting their own policies of administrative division in the region. During the British Raj, the original administrative structure was kept, India was divided into provinces that were directly governed by the British and princely states which were nominally controlled by a local prince or raja loyal to the British Empire, which held de facto sovereignty over the princely states. Between 1947 and 1950 the territories of the princely states were politically integrated into the Indian Union. Most were merged into existing provinces.
The new Constitution of India, which came into force on 26 January 1950, made India a sovereign democratic republic. The new republic was declared to be a "Union of States"; the constitution of 1950 distinguished between three main types of states: Part A states, which were the former governors' provinces of British India, were ruled by an elected governor and state legislature. The nine Part A states were Assam, Bombay, Madhya Pradesh, Orissa, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal; the eight Part B states were former princely states or groups of princely states, governed by a rajpramukh, the ruler of a constituent state, an elected legislature. The rajpramukh was appointed by the President of India; the Part B states were Hyderabad and Kashmir, Madhya Bharat, Mysore and East Punjab States Union, Rajasthan and Travancore-Cochin. The ten Part C states included both the former chief commissioners' provinces and some princely states, each was governed by a chief commissioner appointed by the President of India.
The Part C states were Ajmer, Bilaspur, Delhi, Himachal Pradesh, Manipur and Vindhya Pradesh. The only Part D state was the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, which were administered by a lieutenant governor appointed by the central government; the Union Territory of Puducherry was created in 1954 comprising the previous French enclaves of Pondichéry, Karaikal and Mahé. Andhra State was created on 1 October 1953 from the Telugu-speaking northern districts of Madras State; the States Reorganisation Act of 1956 reorganised the states based on linguistic lines resulting in the creation of the new states. As a result of this act, Madras State retained its name with Kanyakumari district added to form Travancore-Cochin. Andhra Pradesh was created with the merger of Andhra State with the Telugu-speaking districts of Hyderabad State in 1956. Kerala was created with the merger of Malabar district and the Kasaragod taluk of South Canara districts of Madras State with Travancore-Cochin. Mysore State was re-organized with the addition of districts of Bellary and South Canara and the Kollegal taluk of Coimbatore district from the Madras State, the districts of Belgaum, North Canara and Dharwad from Bombay State, the Kannada-majority districts of Bidar and Gulbarga from Hyderabad State and the province of Coorg.
The Laccadive Islands which were divided between South Canara and Malabar districts of Madras State were united and organised into the union territory of Lakshadweep. Bombay State was enlarged by the addition of Saurashtra State and Kutch State, the Marathi-speaking districts of Nagpur Division of Madhya Pradesh and Marathwada region of Hyderabad State. Rajasthan and Punjab gained territories from Ajmer and Patiala and East Punjab States Union and certain territories of Bihar was transferred to West Bengal. Bombay State was split into the linguistic states of Gujarat and Maharashtra on 1 May 1960 by the Bombay Reorganisation Act. Nagaland was formed on 1 December 1963; the Punjab Reorganisation Act of 1966 resulted in the creation of Haryana on 1 November and the transfer of the northern districts of Punjab to Himachal Pradesh. The act designated Chandigarh as a union territory and the shared capital of Punjab and Haryana. Madras state was renamed Tamil Nadu in 1968. North-eastern states of Manipur and Tripura were formed on 21 January 1972.
Mysore State was renamed as Karnataka in 1973. On 16 May 1975, Sikkim became the 22nd state of the Indian Union and the state's monarchy was abolished. In 1987, Arunachal Pradesh and Mizoram became states on 20 February, followed by Goa on 30 May, while Goa's northern exclaves of Daman and Diu and Dadra and Nagar Haveli became separate union territories. In November 2000, three new states were created. Orissa was renamed as Odisha in 2011. Telangana was created on 2 June 2014 as ten former districts of north-western Andhra Pradesh. ^Note 1 Andhra Pradesh was divided into two states, Telangana and a residual Andhra Pradesh on 2 June 2014. Hyderabad, located within the borders of Telangana, is to serve as the capital for both states for a period of time not exceeding ten years; the Go
The State Legislative Assembly is the lower house of a state legislature in the States and Union Territories of India. In the 29 states and 2 union territories with unicameral state legislature it is the sole legislative house. In 7 states it is the lowest house of their bicameral state legislatures with the upper house being Vidhan Parishad or the State Legislative Council. 5 Union Territories have no legislative body. Each Member of the Legislative Assembly is directly elected to serve 5 year terms by single-member constituencies. In 14 states the Governor of a state may appoint one Anglo-Indian MLA to their respective states Assemblies, in accordance with the 23rd Amendment of the Constitution of India; the Constitution of India states that a State Legislative Assembly must have no less than 60 and no more than 500 members however an exception may be granted via an Act of Parliament as is the case in the states of Goa, Sikkim and the union territory of Puducherry which have fewer than 60 members.
A Vidhan Sabha may be dissolved in a state of emergency, by the Governor on request of the Chief Minister, or if a motion of no confidence is passed against the majority coalition. To become a member of a State Legislative Assembly, a person must be a citizen of India, not less than 25 years of age, he or she should not be bankrupt. He or she should state an affidavit that there are no criminal procedures against him or her. Speaker of State Legislative Assembly, responsible for the conduct of business of the body, a Deputy Speaker to preside during the Speaker's absence; the Speaker manages all debates and discussions in the house. He or she is a member of the stronger political party A State Legislative Assembly holds equal legislative power with the upper house of state legislature, the State Legislative Council, except in the area of money bills in which case the State Legislative Assembly has the ultimate authority. A motion of no confidence against the government in the state can only be introduced in the State Legislative Assembly.
If it is passed by a majority vote the Chief Minister and his Council of Ministers must collectively resign. A money bill can only be introduced in State Legislative Assembly. In bicameral jurisdictions, after it is passed in the State Legislative Assembly, it is sent to the Vidhan Parishad, where it can be kept for a maximum time of 14 days. In matters related to ordinary bills, the will of Legislative Assembly prevails and there is no provision of joint sitting. In such cases, Legislative council can delay the legislation by maximum 4 months. † – In these fourteen legislative assemblies, one seat is reserved for the nominated Anglo-Indian member. ‡ – In Jammu and Kashmir Legislative Assembly, two seats are reserved for the nominated women members. # – In Puducherry Legislative Assembly, three seats are reserved for the nominated members by the Union Government of India. Legislative assembly Legislative council State governments of India State Assembly elections in India Politics of India Legislative Bodies in India website Assembly constituency level publications website Laws of India website to download laws made by different states Punjab State Legislative Assembly Election Results 2012
Pakur is the district headquarters of Pakur District, Jharkhand state, India. It is located in the north east corner of Jharkhand State: at 23°40' to 25°18' latitude and 86°25' to 87°57' E. longitude. Pakur is bordered by Sahibganj district in North, Dumka district in South, Godda district in West and Murshidabad and Birbhum districts in the East. Pakur District has an area of about 696 square kilometres and a population of 899,200. Pakur was earlier a Sub-Division of Santhal Parganas district of Bihar, it was upgraded to the status of district in 28 January 1994. Upon reorganization of Bihar state, India, in 2000 into two separate states, namely and Jharkhand, Pakur district came under the administrative control of the Jharkhand state. At Pakur, the river Ganges, flowing south-southeast, begins its attrition with the branching away of its first distributary, the Bhāgirathi-Hooghly, which joins with other tributaries to become the Hooghly River; as of 2011 India census, Pakur had a population of 899,200.
Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Pakur has an average literacy rate of 50.17%, lower than the national average of 74.4%: male literacy is 59.02%, female literacy is 41.23%. In Pakur, 16% of the population is under 6 years of age. Traditionally, Pakur has been the land of Santhals and Mal Paharia Adivasi people. However, over a period of time, demographic composition has changed and the local folks have come to the mainstream of the Indian society. Pakur Railway Station is located on the Sahibganj Loop; the economy of the district is predominantly agricultural. The district is endowed with mineral wealth like black stone, fire clay and coal. However, infrastructural constraints have inhibited the growth of mining and allied industries. One of the main businesses of the city is crushing, it is known for the manufacturing of crushing and screening equipments. Pakur is the place where the first indigenous Jaw Crusher was manufactured by Bhagwati Prasad Agarwalla. Since last decade there has been an enormous activity of coal excavation in the area as well.
It has one of the biggest reserves of coal in the world. Only one block of coal is active in the region, it has been allotted to the Punjab State Government for their captive Thermal Power Plants. The excavation work on behalf of the Punjab State Government is being done by PANAM, it is a private - public joint venture between Punjab Government and AMTA. Pakur has educational institutions offering all levels of education, including Pakur Raj High School and Kumar Kalidas Memorial College, and 2 jawahar Navodaya vidyalaya Get +2level education Pakur has now Polytechnic Institute -Owned by Deptt. of Higher, Technical Education and Skill Development, Govt. of Jharkhand run and Manage in PPP Mode by M/s Cybobhubaneswar Educational Foundation. The Polytechnic Institute is approved by AICTE and SBTE. At present with Five Streams total 300 Seats are available out of which 240 for Jharkhand Students and 60 for other states; the Polytechnic is spread in 7.1 Acres with more than 2.0 Lakhs built up area with all amenities.
Pakur District Pakur block Pakur District Administration
Gopikandar is a community development block that forms an administrative division in Dumka district, Jharkhand state, India. It is located 35 km from the district headquarters. Gopikandar, the eponymous CD Block headquarters, is located at 24°25′25″N 87°29′3″E; as per 2011 Census of India Gopikandar CD Block had a total population of 42,063, all of which were rural. There were 21,604 females. Scheduled Castes numbered 663 and Scheduled Tribes numbered 35,577. Population below 6 years was 7,686. Gopikandar is a village with a population of 1,293 as per 2011 census; as per 2011 census the total number of literates in Gopikandar CD Block was 17,230 out of which 10,491 were males and 6,739 were females. As per 2011 census, literacy in Dumka district was 61.02. Literacy in Jharkhand was 66.41% in 2011. Literacy in India in 2011 was 74.04%. Gopikandar is situated on the Gobindpur Sahebganj Highway. Dumka district List of Jharkhand districts ranked by literacy rate