Loma Prieta is 3,790 feet high and is the highest peak in the Santa Cruz Mountains in Northern California. The peak is on private property about 11 miles west of Morgan Hill in Santa Clara County; the dirt road to the summit is gated, but the tower maintainers do not mind hikers. From 1976 through 1990 amateur astronomer Donald Machholz set up his telescope an average of 120 times a year on the south slope of this mountain to search for comets. From this site he discovered three new comets that bear his name, including Periodic Comet Machholz 1 96P/Machholz on May 12, 1986; the first official West Coast Messier marathon was conducted from this site in March 1979. The epicenter of the 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake was near the mountain; the mountain was the longtime site for the transmitter tower of San Jose television station KNTV. It moved its transmitter 83 kilometres northwest to San Bruno Mountain in September 2005, after it became the Bay Area's NBC affiliate. Loma Prieta is the tallest peak in the Santa Cruz Mountains and it is common to see snow on the mountain during the winter.
List of summits of the San Francisco Bay Area "Map of Loma Prieta"
Peters Creek (California)
Peters Creek is a 7.3-mile-long stream in San Mateo County, is a tributary of Pescadero Creek. It flows southwestwards through a small canyon to join Pescadero Creek in Portola Redwoods State Park, near La Honda. Evans Creek Lambert Creek Bear Creek List of watercourses in the San Francisco Bay Area
Boulder Creek, California
Boulder Creek is a census-designated place in Santa Cruz County, with a population of 4,923 as of the 2010 census. It is named for Boulder Creek. Boulder Creek served as the upper terminus of the San Lorenzo Valley Logging Flume terminating in Felton, which began construction in 1874 and when formally opened in October 1875 was augmented by a new rail line to transport logs to the wharf in Santa Cruz. In the 1880s, this lumber town, called Lorenzo took the name of the Boulder Creek post office, established in the 1870s. Boulder Creek is located at 37°7′30″N 122°7′30″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 7.5 square miles. Boulder Creek is the gateway town to Big Basin Redwoods State Park, California's oldest State Park, founded in 1902; the 2010 United States Census reported that Boulder Creek had a population of 4,923. The population density was 655.4 people per square mile. The racial makeup of Boulder Creek was 4,429 White, 54 African American, 31 Native American, 81 Asian, 5 Pacific Islander, 119 from other races, 204 from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 366 persons. The Census reported. There were 2,124 households, out of which 548 had children under the age of 18 living in them, 997 were opposite-sex married couples living together, 176 had a female householder with no husband present, 97 had a male householder with no wife present. There were 189 unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, 29 same-sex married couples or partnerships. 598 households were made up of individuals and 129 had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.32. There were 1,270 families; the population was spread out with 884 people under the age of 18, 319 people aged 18 to 24, 1,222 people aged 25 to 44, 2,066 people aged 45 to 64, 432 people who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 45.4 years. For every 100 females, there were 105.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 104.3 males. There were 2,455 housing units at an average density of 326.8 per square mile, of which 71.6% were owner-occupied and 28.4% were occupied by renters.
The homeowner vacancy rate was 2.1%. 74.0% of the population lived in owner-occupied housing units and 26.0% lived in rental housing units. As of the census of 2000, there were 4,081 people, 1,630 households, 1,025 families residing in the CDP; the population density was 963.3 people per square mile. There were 1,829 housing units at an average density of 431.7 per square mile. The racial makeup of the CDP was 90.25% White, 0.59% African American, 1.10% Native American, 1.72% Asian, 0.20% Pacific Islander, 2.18% from other races, 3.97% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.68% of the population. There were 1,630 households, of which 31.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.1% were married couples living together, 10.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 37.1% were non-families. 25.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.2% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 3.02.
In the CDP, the population was spread out with 23.6% under the age of 18, 7.9% from 18 to 24, 33.8% from 25 to 44, 28.7% from 45 to 64, 6.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 101.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.6 males. The median income for a household in the CDP was $60,455, the median income for a family was $66,037. Males had a median income of $48,125 versus $40,197 for females; the per capita income for the CDP was $32,012. About 1.9% of families and 8.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 0.9% of those under age 18 and 7.4% of those age 65 or over. In the California State Legislature, Boulder Creek is in the 17th Senate District, represented by Democrat Bill Monning, in the 29th Assembly District, represented by Democrat Mark Stone. In the United States House of Representatives, Boulder Creek is in California's 18th congressional district, represented by Democrat Anna Eshoo.
The Boulder Creek area is represented on the Santa Cruz County Board of Supervisors by Bruce McPherson. Cora Evans, Catholic mystic Jonathan Franzen, author Nick Herbert, poet, author Jordan Hubbard, technologist and co-founder of FreeBSD Welcome to Boulder-Creek.com Santa Cruz Mountain Bulletin - Newspaper - reporting news for San Lorenzo Valley and all of the Santa Cruz Mountains Boulder Creek Insider - Community blog - Commentary and Current Events
Twin Peaks (Santa Clara County, California)
Twin Peaks are two prominent peaks along the foothills east of the Santa Cruz Mountains in Santa Clara County, California. The peaks are nestled between Uvas Reservoir to the west, Paradise Valley in Morgan Hill to the east; the headwaters for Sycamore Creek rise from the eastern hillsides near these peaks. Although part of the Uvas Reservoir County Park, no trails lead to the peaks from the park side. List of summits of the San Francisco Bay Area "Map of Twin Peaks"
Uvas Creek is a 29.5-mile-long southward-flowing stream originating on Loma Prieta peak of the Santa Cruz Mountains, in Santa Clara County, United States. The creek descends through Uvas Canyon County Park into Uvas Reservoir near Morgan Hill, on through Uvas Creek Preserve and Christmas Hill Park in Gilroy. Upon passing U. S. Highway 101 it is known as Carnadero Creek, shortly before the confluence with the Pajaro River at the Santa Clara County - San Benito County boundary. Uvas Creek got its name from the 1842 Rancho Las Uvas Mexican land grant; the Spanish name for grapes, "uvas", is preserved in a number of place names, all referring to the abundance of wild grapes along the area's main watercourses. "Carnadero" means "butchering place". The Uvas Creek watershed drains the eastern slope of the Santa Cruz Mountains in southern Santa Clara County. On the upper section of the creek is Uvas Canyon County Park. Here, portions of the Sargent Fault run alongside the creek down through Sveadal. Uvas Reservoir, built in 1957, drains 32 square miles and is 7.5 miles upstream of the City of Gilroy and 10.5 miles upstream of the Pajaro River confluence.
Significant tributaries include Croy Creek, Little Uvas Creek, Little Arthur Creek, Bodfish Creek and Gavilan Creek. Below Uvas Reservoir the creek is low gradient. After Uvas Creek crosses Highway 101 and becomes Carnadero Creek it is joined from the right by Gavilan Creek, Tick Creek and Tar Creek. Uvas Creek is the only stream in the Pajaro River watershed, in Santa Clara County, whose water right specifies minimum winter and summer releases for maintaining fish resources. Uvas Creek supports a self-sustaining population of steelhead, part of the Southern Central California Coast Distinct population segment, listed as “threatened” under the Endangered Species Act; the year before Uvas Creek Dam was constructed in 1957, the Santa Clara Valley Water District agreed with the California Department of Fish and Game in a Memorandum of Agreement to maintain flows sufficient to protect steelhead trout populations below Uvas Reservoir and to collect and truck returning adults above the dam to spawn upstream, however this latter promise was not kept.
A non-profit volunteer organization called CHEER founded by Herman Garcia, transports steelhead stranded in drying pools to reaches of Uvas Creek that are perennial. In 2008, Garcia's organization transported more than 23,000 steelhead, a dramatic number compared to the 100-200 fish reported in the entire Pajaro River system in 1991. Two tributaries of Uvas Creek are steelhead spawning and rearing streams and Little Arthur Creeks; the northwest to southeast orientation of Uvas Reservoir is in line with prevailing winds which drive the warm surface layer down into the cool bottom layer, so that by late summer the bottom water is warm and anoxic. The result is that no planted trout survive the summer in the reservoir. Wild populations of native stream resident coastal rainbow trout persist Uvas Dam. Genetic studies of these fish in upper Uvas Creek above Uvas Road show that they are of native, not hatchery stock. Other native fish species in the Uvas Creek watershed include Sacramento sucker, Sacramento pikeminnow, California roach, Riffle sculpin, Pacific lamprey, Threespine stickleback.
Prickly sculpin and Hitch are present, but are scarce. Non-native fish are uncommon in Uvas Creek. Riparian zone List of watercourses in the San Francisco Bay Area Coastal Habitat Education Environment and Restoration - a Uvas Creek Watershed group Uvas Dam and Reservoir article, Santa Clara Valley Water District Waterfalls of California - Uvas Falls
Adobe Creek (Santa Clara County, California)
Adobe Creek is a 14.2-mile-long northward-flowing stream originating on Black Mountain in Santa Clara County, United States. It courses through the cities of Los Altos Hills, Los Altos, Palo Alto. Adobe Creek was perennial and hosted runs of steelhead trout entering from southwestern San Francisco Bay; the Ohlone people were the original inhabitants of Adobe Creek. A large shell mound which once had a group of Indian huts was found near Adobe Creek in Palo Alto. Evidence of a smaller settlement within Los Altos was uncovered in 1971, when an Ohlone burial ground with skeletons—one with ceremonial beads—was uncovered by new construction along Adobe Creek near O'Keefe Lane; the site had other artifacts, an archeological dig was mounted by Foothill College. Around this same time, an Ohlone basket was discovered buried in the Creek bank further north; the O'Keefe site has a historical plaque marking the historic site. On the 1862 Allardt Map the upper creek is called Arroyo San Antonio and the lower creek is called Arroyo de las Yeguas.
Yeguas is Spanish for "mare", the Mission Santa Clara named it that because they built a corral for mares along the creek's banks near the Bay. Juan Prado Mesa renamed it San Antonio Creek when he was granted Rancho San Antonio in 1839 by Governor Juan Bautista Alvarado; the Adobe Creek name appears as early as 1855 on an official surveyor's map, which lists both the Adobe and San Antonio names for the creek. During the secularization of the missions in the 1830s, Alvarado parceled out much of their land to prominent Californios via land grants. Mesa was a soldier stationed at the Presidio of San Francisco who had become alfarez in 1837, he built a large square adobe, which lasted well into the twentieth century as a crumbling ruin long thought of as a fortification. The site today is on a hill on the southeast side of El Monte Avenue near Summerhill Avenue in Los Altos, most of, located on the territory of the Rancho; the upper creek originates in the historic Rancho La Purisima Concepcion, granted by Governor Alvarado in 1840 to Jose Gorgonio, an Indian living at Mission Santa Clara.
Gorgonio moved to the west bank of Adobe Creek near Fremont Avenue in Los Altos Hills. Much of the town of Los Altos Hills, California was located on this Rancho. In 1844 Rancho La Purisima Concepcion was sold to Juana Briones de Miranda, whose family members had accompanied both the Gaspar de Portolà and the Juan Bautista de Anza Expeditions, her uniquely constructed wood-framed, rammed-earth and adobe brick house, believed to have been built by American desertee sailors, is located at 4155 Old Adobe Road on the border between Palo Alto and Los Altos Hills, is marked by a historical marker at the corner of Old Adobe Road and Old Trace Lane. Designated a California State Historical Landmark in 1954, the 160-year-old Juana Briones home was scheduled for demolition in 2007 because of damage to it by the Loma Prieta earthquake in 1989. In 2009, it still stands and has been documented with a Historic American Buildings Survey. After 1831, Mexican rancho owners would logically erect their dwellings on or near creeks.
Locally, Juan Prado's adobe was near Adobe Juanita Briones' adobe was near Barron Creek. Because they were permanent features of the landscape, creeks were used as Rancho boundaries; this was true locally, where the Mexican diseño show Adobe Creek as the boundary between Rancho San Antonio and Rancho La Purisima Concepcion. When Americans took over in 1850, speculators bought much of this land. Much of it became large self-contained ranches—typically running cattle & growing crops like wheat, barley & oats that required little or no irrigation; that changed in a few decades when it was discovered that vineyards could thrive here. Such agriculture of course used more water. Local land was cut progressively into smaller holdings, until most of it was subdivided as the population increased; this meant more and more wells, including large ones dug along Adobe Creek by early water companies to serve the little town of Los Altos. The water table shrank as a result, alarms about this development appeared, at least as early as the 1920s.
In the early 1930s, the Los Altos News reported that the water table, which stood at 120 feet in 1898, was now down to 335 feet. The Trust for Hidden Villa, is a nonprofit educational organization founded by Frank and Josephine Duveneck, who purchased most of the land comprising the upper Adobe Creek watershed in 1924, they opened Hidden Villa as a gathering place for discussion and incubation of social reform. Over the following decades, the Duvenecks established the first Hostel on the Pacific Coast, the first multiracial summer camp, Hidden Villa's Environmental Education Program, all on the creek's upper reaches; the Juan Prado Mesa Preserve in Los Altos Hills between Dawson Drive and Stonebrook Road, Hale Creek and Neary Quarry was created in 1970 and named for the original holder of the land grant. Adobe Creek Lodge, an English country-style mansion, was built by Consolidated Chemicals vice-president Milton Haas in 1935, it was a destination resort in the 1940s. Bandleaders Jimmy Dorsey and Harry James played there.
The founders of Adobe Systems, a software company, lived next to Adobe Creek in Los Altos, named their company after the creek. The founder of Los Altos, Paul Shoup picked a premium lot on Adobe Creek for his home from the ranch lands he helped purchase from Sarah Winchester that became the community of Los Altos; the Paul Shoup House on Adobe Creek is the first property in Los Altos to be listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Adobe Creek drains about 11