The Michigan–Minnesota football rivalry is the first and oldest trophy collegiate game in college football rivalry between the Michigan Wolverines football team of the University of Michigan and Minnesota Golden Gophers football team of the University of Minnesota. The Little Brown Jug is an earthenware jug that serves as a trophy awarded to the winner of the game, it is one of the oldest and most played rivalries in American college football, dating to 1892. The Little Brown Jug is the most exchanged rivalry trophy in college football, the oldest trophy game in FBS college football, the second oldest rivalry trophy overall, next to the 1899 Territorial Cup, contested between Arizona and Arizona State. Both universities are founding members of the Big Ten Conference; as a result of the Big Ten not playing a complete round-robin schedule and Minnesota did not play. In 2011, with the conference's initiation of divisional play and Minnesota were both placed in the Big Ten's Legends division under the new two-division alignment.
However, when the conference expanded again three years the teams were split into opposite divisions. The conference stated there will be only one protected crossover matchup under the new alignment, meaning the rivalry will not be contested every year. However, the two schools will meet at least twice in each six-year scheduling cycle. Michigan is the current holder of the jug with a 33–10 victory on November 4, 2017. Through the end of the 2017 season, Michigan leads the series, 75–25–3; the teams met for the first time in 1892 in Minneapolis, with Minnesota prevailing 14–6. Michigan and Minnesota played five more games over the next decade, Michigan winning four of those five; the earthenware jug used by Michigan coach Fielding H. Yost, is painted with the victories of each team; the name most originates in the 1869 song of the same name by Joseph Winner. After Yost took over coaching the Wolverines in 1901, the team went on to win 28 straight games. In the meantime, Minnesota assembled one of the best teams in school history, so Gopher fans were excited about ending the Wolverines' streak.
When Yost and the team came into Minneapolis for the 1903 game, student manager Thomas B. Roberts was told to purchase something to carry water. Yost was somewhat concerned. Roberts purchased a five-gallon jug for 30¢ from a local variety store in Dinkytown; the jug itself is known as a Red Wing Pottery "five gallon beehive jug", was made in Red Wing, Minnesota. Twenty thousand fans watched the matchup between the two teams in an overflowing Northrop Field. Minnesota held the fabled "point-a-minute" squad to just one touchdown, but hadn't yet managed to score a touchdown of their own. Late in the second half, the Gophers reached the endzone to tie the game at 6; as clouds from an impending storm hung overhead, pandemonium struck when Minnesota fans stormed the field in celebration. The game had to be called with two minutes remaining; the Wolverines walked off the field, leaving the jug behind in the locker room of the University of Minnesota Armory. The next day custodian Oscar Munson brought the jug to L. J. Cooke, head of the Minnesota athletics department, declared in a thick Scandinavian accent: "Yost left his yug."
How Munson came to possess the jug is a bit of a mystery. Some accounts say that Munson purposely stole the jug in the chaos that ended the game, although most believe it was accidentally left behind. Thomas Roberts, writing in 1956, stated that the jug had served its purpose, so he intentionally left it sitting on the field. Still and Munson were excited to have this little bit of memorabilia, proceeding to paint it brown and commemorate the day by writing "Michigan Jug –. Of course, in the spirit of the moment, Minnesota's score was written many times larger than that of Michigan; when the two schools met in football again in 1909, Cooke and the Minnesota team captain decided that playing for the jug "might be material to build up a fine tradition between the two institutions." When presented with this idea and Michigan's captain agreed, the jug thus became the traveling trophy it is today. Michigan took home the jug in 1909 and 1910. Minnesota and Michigan met up again in 1919 after Michigan rejoined the Big Ten Conference, marking the first year that Minnesota won the jug outright.
"The Battle of Giants" occurred in 1940, with undefeated Minnesota facing undefeated Michigan on November 9, 1940. Minnesota won 7–6. Minnesota went on to win the national championship. In 1977, Minnesota stunned #1 Michigan 16–0, it was the only loss of the regular season for the Wolverines as they advanced to the 1978 Rose Bowl to the Washington Huskies. In 1986, Minnesota was regarded as an easy victory for #2 Michigan as a 25-point underdog. With two minutes to go and the game tied at 17, Minnesota quarterback Rickey Foggie scrambled to put Chip Lohmiller in position to kick the winning field goal; the Gophers took home the Little Brown Jug from Michigan for the first time since 1977. It was Michigan's only loss in the regular season on their way to losing the 1987 Rose Bowl; the 2003 game was one of the most anticipated Michigan–Minnesota matchups in years. This was the 100th Anniversary of the 1903 game; the Little Brown Jug was featured on the cover o
Body image law is the developing area of law that, according to Dr Marilyn Bromberg of the University of Western Australia Law School and Cindy Halliwell, a law student at Deakin University, "encompasses the bills and government actions that may help to improve the body image of the general public, of young people". Among the reasons for implementing law in this area is to prevent the images of unhealthily thin women causing poor body image which can, along with other factors, lead to an eating disorder; the Israeli government passed a body image law in 2012. The law requires models to have a minimum body mass index to work and if an image was photoshopped to make the model appear thinner, it must have a warning; the warning must state that the image was modified and it must take up at least seven percent of the image. Breaches can result in a civil lawsuit; the French Government passed a similar law in 2015 which came into effect in 2017. This law requires that models provide their employers with a "medical certificate, valid for up to two years, confirming their general physical well-being and the fact that they are not excessively underweight."
The BMI of models older than 16 will be taken into consideration, when determining their overall health. In contrast to the Israeli law, breaching it attracts criminal sanctions. Additionally, any photo, digitally altered must be labeled as such; the law dictates that digitally altered images must be labeled "applies only to advertising, not to editorial images in magazines or newspapers." The Greater London Authority banned advertisements that promote unhealthy body image on Transport for London public transport in 2016. Trondheim in Norway banned advertisements that promote unhealthy body image in public places in 2017; the Australian Government's position in this area is that it is up to industry to solve the problem of poor body image. The previous Labor Government created a non-binding Voluntary Industry Code of Conduct on Body Image
William Reese Perkins was an American cool jazz saxophonist and flutist popular on the West Coast jazz scene, known as a tenor saxophonist. Born in San Francisco, Perkins started out performing in the big bands of Woody Herman and Jerry Wald, he worked for the Stan Kenton orchestra, which led to his entry into the cool jazz idiom. He began performing with Bud Shank, he was a member of The Tonight Show Band from 1970–1992. He is most remembered, for playing tenor for The Lighthouse All-Stars; when gigs became scarce in the 1960s, Perkins had a parallel career as a recording engineer. The Brothers! with Al Cohn and Richie Kamuca Bud Shank - Shorty Rogers - Bill Perkins with Bud Shank The Five with Conte Candoli, Pete Jolly, Buddy Clark, Mel Lewis The Bill Perkins Octet on Stage with Carl Fontana, Russ Freeman, Mel Lewis, Red Mitchell, Jack Nimitz, Art Pepper, Bud Shank, Stu Williamson, 1956 Grand Encounter with John Lewis, Jim Hall, Percy Heath, Chico Hamilton, 1956 Tenors Head-On with Hampton Hawes, Pete Jolly, Richie Kamuca, Stan Levey, Mel Lewis, Red Mitchell, 1956 Just Friends with Art Pepper, Richie Kamuca, 1956 Bossa Nova with Strings Attached, 1963 Quietly There with Larry Bunker, Victor Feldman, Red Mitchell, John Pisano, 1966 Confluence, 1978 Front Line with Pepper Adams, Gordon Goodwin, Lou Levy, Bob Magnusson, Carl Burnette, 1978 Many Ways to Go with Gordon Goodwin, Clare Fischer, Bob Magnusson, Vince Lateano, 1980 Journey to the East with Frank Strazzeri, Joel DiBartolo, Peter Donald, 1984 Remembrance of Dino’s with Alan Broadbent, Gene Cherico, Putter Smith, John Tirabasso, 1986 Serious Swingers with Bud Shank Right Chemistry with James Clay, Joel DiBartolo, Billy Mintz, Frank Strazzeri, 1987 I Wished on the Moon with dem Metropole Orkest, 1989–90 Two as One with Frank Strazzeri, 1990 Our Man Woody with Rick Baptist, Wayne Bergeron, Richard Bullock, Bob Cooper, Andy Martin, Jack Nimitz, Brian Scanlon, Dave Stone, Frank Strazzeri, [1991 Frame of Mind with Bill Berg, Ken Filiano, Clay Jenkins, Bob Leatherbarrow, Frank Strazzeri, Tom Warrington, 1993 Perk Plays Prez with Dave Carpenter, Paul Kreibich, Jan Lundgren, Jack Sheldon, 1995 Live at Cappozzoli’s, 2000 Bill Perkins Danny Pucillo Quartet Plays Charles Mingus Like Nobody Else With Chet Baker Pretty/Groovy Chet Baker Big Band With Louis Bellson Big Band Jazz from the Summit With Nat King Cole L-O-V-E With Clifford Coulter Do It Now!
With Clare Fischer Thesaurus With Dizzy Gillespie The New Continent With Stan Kenton Kenton Showcase Contemporary Concepts Kenton in Hi-Fi Kenton with Voices Rendezvous with Kenton Back to Balboa The Ballad Style of Stan Kenton The Stage Door Swings Kenton / Wagner Stan Kenton Conducts the Los Angeles Neophonic Orchestra With Barney Kessel To Swing or Not to Swing With Carmen McRae Can't Hide Love With Art Pepper and Conte Candoli Mucho Calor With André Previn The Subterraneans With Shorty Rogers Shorty Rogers Plays Richard Rodgers Afro-Cuban Influence Shorty Rogers Meets Tarzan The Swingin' Nutcracker An Invisible Orchard Jazz Waltz With Pete Rugolo 10 Saxophones and 2 Basses With Lalo Schifrin Bullitt With Bud Shank Bud Shank & the Sax Section With Gerald Wilson California Soul