Scotch whisky is malt whisky or grain whisky made in Scotland. Scotch whisky must be made in a manner specified by law. All Scotch whisky was made from malted barley. Commercial distilleries began introducing whisky made from rye in the late 18th century. Scotch whisky is divided into five distinct categories: single malt Scotch whisky, single grain Scotch whisky, blended malt Scotch whisky, blended grain Scotch whisky, blended Scotch whisky. All Scotch whisky must be aged in oak barrels for at least three years. Any age statement on a bottle of Scotch whisky, expressed in numerical form, must reflect the age of the youngest whisky used to produce that product. A whisky with an age statement is known as guaranteed-age whisky. A whisky without an age statement is known as a no age statement whisky, the only guarantee being that all whisky contained in that bottle is at least three years old; the first written mention of Scotch whisky is in the Exchequer Rolls of Scotland, 1495. A friar named John Cor was the distiller at Lindores Abbey in Newburgh, where, in October 2017, malt whisky production restarted for the first time in 522 years.
Many Scotch whisky drinkers refer to a unit for drinking as a dram. As of 23 November 2009, the Scotch Whisky Regulations 2009 define and regulate the production, packaging as well as the advertising of Scotch whisky in the United Kingdom, they replace previous regulations that focused on production. International trade agreements have the effect of making some provisions of the SWR apply in various other countries as well as in the UK; the SWR define "Scotch whisky" as whisky that is: Produced at a distillery in Scotland from water and malted barley all of which have been: Processed at that distillery into a mash Converted at that distillery to a fermentable substrate only by endogenous enzyme systems Fermented at that distillery only by adding yeast Distilled at an alcoholic strength by volume of less than 94.8% Wholly matured in an excise warehouse in Scotland in oak casks of a capacity not exceeding 700 litres for at least three years Retaining the colour and taste of the raw materials used in, the method of, its production and maturation Containing no added substances, other than water and plain caramel colouring Comprising a minimum alcoholic strength by volume of 40% A Scotch whisky label comprises several elements that indicate aspects of production, age and ownership.
Some of these elements are regulated by the SWR, some reflect tradition and marketing. The spelling of the term "whisky" is debated by journalists and consumers. Scottish, Welsh and Canadian whiskies use "whisky", Irish whiskies use "whiskey", while American and other styles vary in their spelling of the term; the label always features a declaration of the grain whiskies used. A single malt Scotch whisky is one, produced from malt in one distillery. One may encounter the term "single cask", signifying the bottling comes from one cask; the term "blended malt" signifies that single malt whisky from different distilleries are blended in the bottle. The Cardhu distillery began using the term "pure malt" for the same purpose, causing a controversy in the process over clarity in labelling – the Glenfiddich distillery was using the term to describe some single malt bottlings; as a result, the Scotch Whisky Association declared that a mixture of single malt whiskies must be labelled a "blended malt". The use of the former terms "vatted malt" and "pure malt" is prohibited.
The term "blended malt" is still debated, as some bottlers maintain that consumers confuse the term with "blended Scotch whisky", which contains some proportion of grain whisky. The brand name featured on the label is the same as the distillery name. Indeed, the SWR prohibit bottlers from using a distillery name. A bottler name may be listed, sometimes independent of the distillery. In addition to requiring that Scotch whisky be distilled in Scotland, the SWR require that it be bottled and labelled in Scotland. Labels may indicate the region of the distillery. Alcoholic strength is expressed on the label with "Alcohol By Volume" or sometimes "Vol". Bottled whisky is between 40% and 46% ABV. Whisky is stronger when first emerging from the cask—normally 60–63% ABV. Water is added to create the desired bottling strength. If the whisky is not diluted before bottling, it can be labelled as cask strength. A whisky's age may be listed on the bottle providing a guarantee of the youngest whisky used. An age statement on the bottle, in the form of a number, must reflect the age of the youngest whisky used to produce that product.
A whisky with an age statement is known as guaranteed age whisky. Scotch whisky without an age statement may, by law, be as young as three years old. In the early 21st century, such "No age statement" whiskies became more common, as distilleries responded to the depletion of aged stocks caused by improved sales. A label may carry a bottling date. Whisky does not mature once bottled, so if no age statement is provided, one may calculate the age of the whisky if both the distillation date and bottling date are given. Labels may carry various declarations of filtration techniques or final maturation processes. A Scotch whisky labelled as "natural" or "non-chill-filtered" has not been thro
Blair Athol distillery
Blair Athol Distillery is a distillery in Scotland that distills Blair Athol single malt whisky. It is used in Bell's whisky, is normally available in a 12-year-old bottling; the distillery is located on the south edge of Pitlochry near the River Tummel. The distillery was founded in 1798 by John Steward and Robert Robertson named'Aldour', after the Allt Dour burn the distillery draws it water from, but closed soon after opening; the distillery opened again and changed ownership to John Robertson in 1825. It was sold several times in the period after, going from John Robertson to Alexander Conacher & Co. to John Conacher & Co, inherited by Elizabeth Conacher in 1860. It was sold again to Peter Fraser & Co, again to Peter Mackenzie of P. McKenzie & Co Distillers Limited in 1882; the distillery closed down in 1932. The mothballed distillery was bought by Arthur Bell and Sons, but didn't open again until it was rebuilt in 1949. In 1973 the distillery expanded, adding two further stills to the previous two
Ben Nevis distillery
Ben Nevis distillery is a distillery in Scotland that distills Ben Nevis 10 Years Old and Ben Nevis 21 Years Old whisky. It is at Lochy Bridge in Fort William and sits just at the base of Ben Nevis, the highest mountain in the British Isles, which rises to 1,345 m above sea level. A coastal distillery in the Western Highlands, Ben Nevis draws its water from the Allt a’Mhuilinn which originates from two pools, Coire Leis and Coire na’Ciste. Founded in 1825 as an independent enterprise, it has been owned by Nikka Whisky Distilling of Tokyo, since 1989; the distillery was founded in 1825 by'Long John' McDonald, a 6 ft 4in descendant of a ruler of the western Scottish kingdom of Argyll. After Long John's death in 1856, ownership was passed down to his son. A second distillery was named Nevis Distillery. In a bid to keep up with growing demand, the two distilleries became one in the early twentieth century. In 1955 the distillery was taken over by new proprietors led by Joseph Hobbs. Under Hobbs, the distillery began using continuous distillation, installing a Coffey Still which remained on the site for 26 years and made the distillery one of the first to produce both malt and grain whisky simultaneously.
The Japanese company Nikka acquired the distillery in 1989. The heart of the range has been for some time the 10 years old. There have been a few cask-finishes, limited editions and independent bottlings, notably from Blackadder and Douglas Laing. In 1991, a visitor centre and cafe was opened for the public. Jackson, Michael; the Malt Whisky Companion, Penguin Books 2004 ISBN 978-1-4053-0234-0 ScotchWhisky. Net. Ben Nevis Scotch Whisky Distillery, www.scotchwhisky.net/distilleries/ben_nevis.htm Lamond, John. The Malt Whisky File: A Connoisseur's Guide to Malt Whiskies and Distilleries, Wine Appreciation Guild 1995 ISBN 978-0-932664-93-8 Official website The Ben Nevis Distillery on www.visitfortwilliam.co.uk Whisky Story: Ben Nevis Distillery
Edradour distillery is a Highland single malt whisky distillery based in Pitlochry, Perthshire. Its owners claim it to be the smallest distillery in Scotland, but this title now belongs to Strathearn Distillery in Perthshire, it has been owned by the Signatory Vintage Scotch Whisky Company since 2002, was owned by Pernod Ricard. Signatory, founded in 1988, is an Independent bottler and is based in Pitlochry. Established in 1825, the distillery was traditionally run by three men. Only eighteen casks are produced each week, they have a tour which costs £10 and includes two drams and a nosing glass. The wash still has a capacity of the smaller spirit still 2200 litres. A variety of whiskies are available from the distillery. Only the Edradour 10-year is chill-filtered, a process by which the esters and oils are removed, producing a cleaner look to the whisky, which when chilled or has ice added to it does not turn cloudy. There is, amongst others, a non-chill-filtered 12-year-old malt, some of which goes into the "House of Lords" and "Clan Campbell" blends.
Produced for two days in a week is a heavily-peated version of the Edradour called Ballechin. It is named for the former distillery at nearby Ballechin. Whisky Scotch whisky List of whisky brands List of distilleries in Scotland Edradour Distillery Website
The Bunnahabhain Distillery was founded in 1881 near Port Askaig on Islay. The village of Bunnahabhain was founded to house its workers; the distillery is owned by Distell. The Bunnahabhain is one of the milder single malt Islay whiskies available and its taste varies from other spirits to be found on the island of Islay, off the west coast of Scotland; the name Bunnahabhain is an anglicisation of Bun na h-Abhainne, Scottish Gaelic for Mouth of the River. Bob Gordon - late 1970s Douglas Eccles - there in 1985 Hamish Proctor - until 1998 John MacLellan - 1998-2011 Andrew Brown - 2011-present Core products include: Bunnahabhain 12 Year Old Bunnahabhain 18 Year Old Bunnahabhain Toiteach Bunnahabhain 25 Year OldThere are several independent bottler releases from these brands, including That Boutique-y Whisky Company, Douglas Laing & Co, Duncan Taylor. List of distilleries in Scotland Bunnahabhain official website Black Bottle official website
The Glenglassaugh distillery is a malt scotch whisky distillery which restarted production in November 2008 after being acquired by an independent investment group. Following a complete refurbishment by the new owners the distillery was re-opened on 24 November 2008 by the First Minister for Scotland Alex Salmond; the Glenglassaugh Distillery is a single malt Scotch whisky distillery located in a picturesque site just outside the Speyside region in Northeast Scotland, close to the small town of Portsoy, Banffshire some 54 miles Northwest of Aberdeen. The Distillery was established in 1875 by a local entrepreneur James Moir and his two nephews and William Morrison. James Moir had an expanding grocery business in the town of Portsoy and was wanting to establish a distillery that would produce a whisky of the highest quality to satisfy the growing demand from his customers; the site was chosen due to its proximity to a clean and pure water supply, easy access to the nearby barley fields and because it was known locally to have been the site of one of the many illicit distilleries that had operated in the area and which had produced excellent whisky.
Following the death of both James Moir and William Morrison, Alexander Morrison was forced to sell the distillery and in 1892 the company was sold to Highland Distillers and until 2008 has been owned by them. Highland Distillers are a subsidiary of The Edrington Group. In 1960 it was upgraded to double the production capacity and to yield lighter spirit. However, in 1986, when the whole whisky industry was reviewing operations the economics of running this small and remote distillery, the owners decided that they should stop production. Around this time, Glenglassaugh was sold to the Edrington Group; the whisky from this distillery had traditionally been used in the production of blended whiskies such as Cutty Sark, Laing's, The Famous Grouse. In 2008, Glenglassaugh was purchased by the Scaent Group. Under new ownership, it released some the pre-1986 stock as exclusive Highland Single Malt Scotch Whiskies with outstanding success. At the 2009 International Wine and Spirit Competition Awards the 30 Year Old expression was awarded a Gold Medal and the trophy for Best Cask Strength Scotch Whisky and the 40 Year Old was awarded Gold Medal and the trophy for Best 40 Year Old Scotch Whisky.
The 40 year old was awarded Best 40 Year Old Scotch Whisky and 96 points in Jim Murray's 2010 Whisky Bible. Upon purchase, Scaent restarted production. In 2009 the company introduced 2 new innovative products which are produced using the same process as that used for making single malt scotch whisky but without the ageing process. "The Spirit Drink that dare not speak its name" is the result of 1 mash of malted barley and distilled twice. The product is bottled without ageing at 50% abv. "The Spirit Drink that blushes to speak its name" is produced in the same way but is allowed to age for 6 months in casks that have held red wine. The result is a spirit with a rich rose hue and a flavour of soft fruits and spices and is ideal as a cocktail base or for making long drinks. On 16 December 2011 the first bottling of Glenglassaugh whisky from spirit distilled under the present ownership was bottled and released for sale only from the distillery shop. In March 2013, The Benriach Distillery Company acquired the Glenglassaugh distillery from its previous owners, who were listed as Amsterdam-based Lumiere Holdings.
Benriach Distillery company operates the Benriach and Glendronach Distilleries. The history of Glenglassaugh distillery up to and including the first launches by the Scaent Group was described by whisky writer Ian Buxton in his book Glenglassaugh: A Distillery Reborn. Buxton worked as marketing consultant and adviser to the relaunch. Glassaugh railway station - once provided transport for distillery workers Glenglassaugh Distillery
Glendronach distillery is a Scottish whisky distillery located near Forgue, by Huntly, Aberdeenshire, in the Highland whisky district. It is owned by the BenRiach Distillery Company Ltd; the distillery was founded in 1826 by James Allardes as the second distillery to apply for a licence to produce whisky under the Excise Act of 1823, which passed three years earlier and which allowed for the distilling of Whisky in Scotland. Other sources credit a consortium of farmers and businessmen for the foundation of the distillery though this could include Allardes; the Glendronach distillery was purchased by Teachers and Sons Ltd around 1960 who increased the number of stills from two to six. In 1996 the distillery was reopened again in 2001 by Allied Distillers Limited. In 2006 the distillery passed into the hands of Chivas Brothers Ltd and in 2008 it was sold to the BenRiach Distillery Company. Other notable owners include Walter Scott, who acquired it in 1881 and Charles Grant, son of the founder of the Glenfiddich distillery, in 1920.
The distillery draws its water from the Dronac burn within the distillery grounds. It has its own floor maltings and two wash stills in addition to two spirit stills; the distillery is protected as a category B listed building. In April 2016 Glendronach Distillery was purchased by the Brown-Forman Corporation; the deal included Glenglassaugh distilleries. Official Glendronach website. Media related to Glendronach Distillery at Wikimedia Commons