Berkeley is a city on the east shore of San Francisco Bay in northern Alameda County, California. It is named after philosopher George Berkeley, it borders the cities of Oakland and Emeryville to the south and the city of Albany and the unincorporated community of Kensington to the north. Its eastern border with Contra Costa County follows the ridge of the Berkeley Hills; the 2010 census recorded a population of 112,580. Berkeley is home to the oldest campus in the University of California system, the University of California and the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, managed and operated by the University, it has the Graduate Theological Union, one of the largest religious studies institutions in the world. Berkeley is considered one of the most liberal cities in the United States; the site of today's City of Berkeley was the territory of the Chochenyo/Huchiun band of the Ohlone people when the first Europeans arrived. Evidence of their existence in the area include pits in rock formations, which they used to grind acorns, a shellmound, now leveled and covered up, along the shoreline of San Francisco Bay at the mouth of Strawberry Creek.
Other artifacts were discovered in the 1950s in the downtown area during remodeling of a commercial building, near the upper course of the creek. The first people of European descent arrived with the De Anza Expedition in 1776. Today, this is noted by signage on Interstate 80, which runs along the San Francisco Bay shoreline of Berkeley; the De Anza Expedition led to establishment of the Spanish Presidio of San Francisco at the entrance to San Francisco Bay. Luis Peralta was among the soldiers at the Presidio. For his services to the King of Spain, he was granted a vast stretch of land on the east shore of San Francisco Bay for a ranch, including that portion that now comprises the City of Berkeley. Luis Peralta named his holding "Rancho San Antonio"; the primary activity of the ranch was raising cattle for meat and hides, but hunting and farming were pursued. Peralta gave portions of the ranch to each of his four sons. What is now Berkeley lies in the portion that went to Peralta's son Domingo, with a little in the portion that went to another son, Vicente.
No artifact survives of the Domingo or Vicente ranches, but their names survive in Berkeley street names. However, legal title to all land in the City of Berkeley remains based on the original Peralta land grant; the Peraltas' Rancho San Antonio continued after Alta California passed from Spanish to Mexican sovereignty after the Mexican War of Independence. However, the advent of U. S. sovereignty after the Mexican–American War, the Gold Rush, saw the Peraltas' lands encroached on by squatters and diminished by dubious legal proceedings. The lands of the brothers Domingo and Vicente were reduced to reservations close to their respective ranch homes; the rest of the land was parceled out to various American claimants. Politically, the area that became Berkeley was part of a vast Contra Costa County. On March 25, 1853, Alameda County was created from a division of Contra Costa County, as well as from a small portion of Santa Clara County; the area that became Berkeley was the northern part of the "Oakland Township" subdivision of Alameda County.
During this period, "Berkeley" was a mix of open land and ranches, with a small, though busy, wharf by the bay. In 1866, Oakland's private College of California looked for a new site, it settled on a location north of Oakland along the foot of the Contra Costa Range astride Strawberry Creek, at an elevation about 500 feet above the bay, commanding a view of the Bay Area and the Pacific Ocean through the Golden Gate. According to the Centennial Record of the University of California, "In 1866…at Founders' Rock, a group of College of California men watched two ships standing out to sea through the Golden Gate. One of them, Frederick Billings, thought of the lines of the Anglo-Irish Anglican Bishop George Berkeley,'westward the course of empire takes its way,' and suggested that the town and college site be named for the eighteenth-century Anglo-Irish philosopher." The philosopher's name is pronounced BARK-lee, but the city's name, to accommodate American English, is pronounced BERK-lee. The College of California's College Homestead Association planned to raise funds for the new campus by selling off adjacent parcels of land.
To this end, they laid out a plat and street grid that became the basis of Berkeley's modern street plan. Their plans fell far short of their desires, they began a collaboration with the State of California that culminated in 1868 with the creation of the public University of California; as construction began on the new site, more residences were constructed in the vicinity of the new campus. At the same time, a settlement of residences and various industries grew around the wharf area called "Ocean View". A horsecar ran from Temescal in Oakland to the university campus along; the first post office opened in 1872. By the 1870s, the Transcontinental Railroad reached its terminus in Oakland. In 1876, a branch line of the Central Pacific Railroad, the Berkeley Branch Railroad, was laid from a junction with the mainline called Shellmound into what is now downtown Berkeley; that same year, the mainline of the transcontinental railroad into Oakland was re-routed, putting the right-of-way along the bay shore through Ocean View.
There was a strong prohibition movement in Berkel
William James Dixon was an American blues musician, songwriter and record producer. He was proficient in playing both the upright bass and the guitar, sang with a distinctive voice, but he is best known as one of the most prolific songwriters of his time. Next to Muddy Waters, Dixon is recognized as the most influential person in shaping the post–World War II sound of the Chicago blues. Dixon's songs have been recorded by countless musicians in many genres as well as by various ensembles in which he participated. A short list of his most famous compositions includes "Hoochie Coochie Man", "I Just Want to Make Love to You", "Little Red Rooster", "My Babe", "Spoonful", "You Can't Judge a Book by the Cover"; these songs were written during the peak years of Chess Records, from 1950 to 1965, were performed by Muddy Waters, Howlin' Wolf, Little Walter, Bo Diddley. Dixon was an important link between the blues and rock and roll, working with Chuck Berry and Bo Diddley in the late 1950s, his songs have been covered by some of the most successful musicians of the past sixty years including Bob Dylan and Jimi Hendrix.
Jeff Beck, The Doors, Led Zeppelin, The Rolling Stones and Steppenwolf all featured at least one of his songs on their debut albums, a measure of his influence on rock music. He received a Grammy Award and was inducted into the Blues Hall of Fame, the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, the Songwriters Hall of Fame. Dixon was born in Vicksburg, Mississippi, on July 1, 1915, he was one of fourteen children. His mother, Daisy rhymed things she said, a habit her son imitated. At the age of seven, young Dixon became an admirer of a band that featured pianist Little Brother Montgomery, he sang his first song at Springfield Baptist Church at the age of four Dixon was first introduced to blues when he served time on prison farms in Mississippi as a young teenager. In his teens, he learned how to sing harmony from a local carpenter, Theo Phelps, who led a gospel quintet, the Union Jubilee Singers, in which Dixon sang bass, he began adapting his poems into songs and sold some to local music groups. Dixon left Mississippi for Chicago in 1936.
A man of considerable stature, standing 6 and a half feet tall and weighing over 250 pounds, he took up boxing, at which he was successful, winning the Illinois State Golden Gloves Heavyweight Championship in 1937. He became a professional boxer and worked as Joe Louis's sparring partner, but after four fights he left boxing in a dispute with his manager over money. Dixon met Leonard Caston at a boxing gym. Dixon performed in several vocal groups in Chicago, but it was Caston that persuaded him to pursue music seriously. Caston built him his first bass, made of one string. Dixon's experience singing bass made the instrument familiar, he learned to play the guitar. In 1939, Dixon was a founding member of the Five Breezes, with Caston, Joe Bell, Gene Gilmore and Willie Hawthorne; the group blended blues and vocal harmonies, in the mode of the Ink Spots. Dixon's progress on the upright bass came to an abrupt halt with the advent of World War II, when he refused induction into military service as a conscientious objector and was imprisoned for ten months.
He refused to go to war because he would not fight for a nation in which institutionalized racism and racist laws were prevalent. After the war, he formed, he reunited with Caston, forming the Big Three Trio, which went on to record for Columbia Records. Dixon signed with Chess Records as a recording artist, but he began performing less, being more involved with administrative tasks for the label. By 1951, he was a full-time employee at Chess, where he acted as producer, talent scout, session musician and staff songwriter, he was a producer for the Chess subsidiary Checker Records. His relationship with Chess was sometimes strained, but he stayed with the label from 1948 to the early 1960s. During this time Dixon's output and influence were prodigious. From late 1956 to early 1959, he worked in a similar capacity for Cobra Records, for which he produced early singles for Otis Rush, Magic Sam, Buddy Guy, he recorded for Bluesville Records. From the late 1960s until the mid-1970s, Dixon ran his own record label, Yambo Records, two subsidiary labels and Spoonful.
He released his 1971 album, Peace?, on Yambo and singles by McKinley Mitchell, Lucky Peterson and others. Dixon is considered one of the key figures in the creation of Chicago blues, he worked with Chuck Berry, Muddy Waters, Howlin' Wolf, Otis Rush, Bo Diddley, Joe Louis Walker, Little Walter, Sonny Boy Williamson, Koko Taylor, Little Milton, Eddie Boyd, Jimmy Witherspoon, Lowell Fulson, Willie Mabon, Memphis Slim, Washboard Sam, Jimmy Rogers, Sam Lay and others. In December 1964, the Rolling Stones reached number one on the UK Singles Chart with their cover of Dixon's "Little Red Rooster". In the same year, the group covered "I Just Want To Make Love To You" on their debut album, The Rolling Stones. In his years, Dixon became a tireless ambassador for the blues and a vocal advocate for its practitioners, founding the Blues Heaven Foundation, which works to preserve the legacy of the blues and to secure copyrights and royalties for blues musicians who were exploited in the past. Speaking with the simple eloquence, a hallmark of his songs, Dixon claimed, "The blues are the roots and the other musics are the fruits.
It's better keeping the roots alive. The blues are the roots of all American music; as long as Americ
Invisible Means is a studio album by the United States/English experimental rock quartet French Frith Kaiser Thompson. It was the group's second album and was recorded at Mobius Music in San Francisco on March 19–23, 1990; the album was released in 1990 in the United States by Windham Hill Records on CD. The album was reissued in 2008 by Fledg'ling Records with one extra track recorded live. In a review of the album in The Santa Fe New Mexican, Steve Terrell called French Frith Kaiser Thompson "the world's most obscure'supergroup'", he says this collaboration is led by Kaiser, with his "whacky, ecclectic approach to rock", Thompson, "break out of his own mold" and "experimenting with... sheer craziness". Terrell liked the playfulness of Kaiser's "The Nearsighted Heron" and "Days of Our Lives", Thompson's "mock opera", "March of the Cosmetic Surgeons", he liked French's "Now That I Am Dead", although he was critical of some of French's other songs, which Terrell felt were the "low points of the album".
But overall, Terrell called the album "a winner", adding that he hoped there was more to come from the group. Mark Deming at AllMusic described Invisible Means as "calmer, a bit easier to digest" than their first album, Love, Larf & Loaf, but complained that it "lacks... the playful wit and high spirits" of that album. Deming added, that there are some "intelligent but unexpectedly conventional-sounding pop tunes" from French, some good contributions from Kaiser and Frith, "a stunning tune", "Killing Jar" from Thompson. "Peppermint Rock" – 3:37 "To the Rain" – 4:49 "Lizard's Tail" – 4:20 "March of the Cosmetic Surgeons" – 5:09 "Suzanne" – 2:56 "Quick Sign" – 3:40 "Begging Bowl" – 3:18 "Kalo Takariva" – 1:20 "Invisible Means" – 4:59 "Loch Lomond" – 4:45 "Play with Fire" – 9:43 * "The Book of Lost Dreams" – 1:49 "Days of Our Lives" – 5:15 "The Evening News" – 3:37 "The Nearsighted Heron" – 3:25 "Now That I Am Dead" – 3:27 "Hunting Sunsets" – 4:14 "Killing Jar" – 7:43* Live recording only available on the 2008 reissue.
John French – drums, vocals Fred Frith – bass guitar, violin Henry Kaiser – guitar Richard Thompson – guitar, vocals Bob Duskis – whistler Catherine Keen – vocals Invisible Means at Richard Thompson homepage Fred Frith discography
Fledg'ling Records is a British independent record label founded in 1991. The label has re-released some albums issued by Hokey Pokey Records, run by the Fledg'ling founder—David Suff. David Suff having been half of the team running the Richard Thompson fanzine—"Hokey Pokey". Both record labels folk-rock. Fledg'ling is based in London, their first release was Alright Jack by Home Service in 1991. Indeed, no other records can be traced on the label until another album by Home Service "Wild Life" in 1995. Many of the early releases feature contributions by Graeme Taylor; the graphic artist David Suff is the only publicly acknowledged name to be associated with the label. They are funded or supported by enthusiasts of this kind of music - Richard Thompson and Davey Graham; the most acclaimed releases by Fledg'ling have been boxed sets of Sandy Denny, Shirley Collins and Ralph McTell, the last three albums by Helen Watson. In 2016, Dom Flemons played alongside with the British guitarist Martin Simpson, to jointly record the Fledg'ling Records album, A Selection of Ever Popular Favourites.
List of record labels "Shirley Collins official Discography 1955 - 2011"". Authorised Shirley Collins Website. Retrieved 18 April 2015
John French (musician)
John Stephen French is an American drummer. He played on several other Beefheart recordings. Beefheart gave him the nickname "Drumbo". French grew up in California, he was interested in the local music scene as a teenager, hanging out with Doug Moon and watching The Omens perform live. Around 1964, he played and recorded with Merrell and The Exiles, a band led by Merrell Fankhauser and featuring Jeff Cotton on guitar. French and Cotton joined Mark Boston in another band in 1966, never recorded, called Blues in a Bottle. Bill Harkleroad aka Zoot Horn Rollo joined later. French was invited to join Beefheart and the Magic Band in late 1966, as a replacement for Paul Blakely. Having played on Safe as Milk, his distinctive drumming style moulded the driving heavy psychedelic blues of Strictly Personal and Mirror Man. During the Trout Mask Replica sessions, French transcribed the musical ideas Beefheart played for him on piano for the rest of the band. However, shortly after the completion of Trout Mask Replica, French was booted out of the group rather violently by Beefheart, was replaced by the inexperienced Jeff Bruschell.
French was contentiously omitted from the credits of Trout Mask Replica and was absent from the band photos taken for the artwork. He was soon invited back and played on the critically acclaimed albums Lick My Decals Off and The Spotlight Kid, sharing percussion duties with Art Tripp aka Ed Marimba. In late 1972, just before an American tour, he left again. Beefheart's contractual problems in 1975 forced him to join Frank Zappa's Bongo Fury tour, but as soon as he was able he reformed The Magic Band and French was recruited as both drummer and music director. 1976 saw the recording of the original version of Bat Chain Puller, which due to legal ownership problems remained unreleased until 2012. French played guitar as well as drums on some of these songs, he walked out on Beefheart. French visited Beefheart in 1980 looking for work and was hired to take part in the recording of Doc at the Radar Station, playing guitar, he left before the band toured though, when Beefheart handed him a list of 40 songs to learn over a 3-month period.
French sealed the walkout the next day by returning the guitar. French was involved and co-wrote some songs with Mallard, a group formed by other Magic Band members who left in 1974 after tensions within the band reached a breaking point. Following Mallard, John joined Rattlesnakes and Eggs - an experimental theatrical band in the "high desert" style-- on drums and vocals for an extended stay. French has subsequently made solo records, played with the experimental group French Frith Kaiser Thompson and again with Henry Kaiser in Crazy Backwards Alphabet. In 2000, he was involved in compiling and writing the sleeve notes for the anthology of Beefheart rarities Grow Fins, he gave his insights into the problems of working with Beefheart in the BBC documentary The Artist Formerly Known as Captain Beefheart. 2003 saw him reform The Magic Band as a live act with Rockette Morton, Denny Walley, Gary Lucas. They divided the show into an instrumental and a vocal section. French handled the vocals and harmonica, handing over the drum kit to Robert Williams when he was singing.
They released an album, Back to the Front, in 2004 and a live CD, 21st Century Mirror Men, in 2005. The Magic Band have continued to tour since then. In 2008, French released a solo album entitled City of Refuge; the album features other musicians from The Magic Band including John Thomas, Mark Boston, Bill Harkleroad and Greg Davidson. The album was released on UK label Proper Records. In 2010 French released this memoir of his time in the Magic Band. 1967 Safe as Milk 1968 Strictly Personal 1969 Trout Mask Replica 1970 Lick My Decals Off, Baby 1971 Mirror Man 1972 The Spotlight Kid 1976 Bat Chain Puller 1980 Doc at the Radar Station 2000 Grow Fins 2004 Back to the Front 2005 21st Century Mirror Men 2011 Performing The Music Of Captain Beefheart - 1: Oxford, U. K. June 6, 2005 2013 The Magic Band Plays The Music Of Captain Beefheart - Live In London 2013 1987 Crazy Backwards Alphabet 1987 Live, Larf & Loaf 1990 Invisible Means 1994 Waiting on the Flame 1998 O Solo Drumbo 2007 Crazy Backwards Alphabet II 2008 City of Refuge
The Beach Boys
The Beach Boys are an American rock band formed in Hawthorne, California, in 1961. The group's original lineup consisted of brothers Brian and Carl Wilson, their cousin Mike Love, their friend Al Jardine. Distinguished by their vocal harmonies and early surf songs, they are one of the most influential acts of the rock era; the band drew on the music of jazz-based vocal groups, 1950s rock and roll, black R&B to create their unique sound, with Brian as composer, producer, de facto leader, they incorporated classical elements and unconventional recording techniques in innovative ways. The Beach Boys began as an early garage band managed by the Wilsons' father Murry. In 1963, the band gained national prominence with a string of top-ten singles reflecting a southern California youth culture of surfing and romance dubbed the "California Sound". After 1964, they abandoned beachgoing themes for ambitious orchestrations. In 1966, the Pet Sounds album and "Good Vibrations" single raised the group's prestige as rock innovators and established the band as symbols of the nascent counterculture era.
Following the dissolution of the group's Smile project in 1967, Brian ceded production and songwriting duties to the rest of the band, reducing his input because of mental health and substance abuse issues. The group's commercial momentum subsequently faltered, despite efforts to maintain an experimental sound, they were dismissed by early rock critics as the archetypal "pop music cop-outs". Carl took over as the band's musical leader until the late 1970s, during which they rebounded as an successful live concert draw. Personal struggles, creative disagreements, the overshadowing success of the band's greatest hits albums precipitated their transition into an oldies act. Since the 1980s, much-publicized legal wrangling over royalties, songwriting credits and use of the band's name transpired. Dennis drowned in 1983 and Carl died of lung cancer in 1998. After Carl's death, the group and its corporation, Brother Records Inc, permitted Love to lead a touring band under the "Beach Boys" name. Though they have not performed together since their 2012 reunion tour, Brian and Love remain a part of BRI and as official members of the band.
The Beach Boys are one of the most critically acclaimed, commercially successful, influential bands of all time. They were one of the earliest self-contained rock bands and one of the few US bands who maintained their success before and after the 1964 British Invasion. Between the 1960s and 2010s, they had over eighty songs chart worldwide, thirty-six of them in the US Top 40, four reaching number-one on the Billboard Hot 100, they have sold in excess of 100 million records worldwide, making them one of the world's best-selling bands of all time, are ranked number 12 on Rolling Stone magazine's 2004 list of the "100 Greatest Artists of All Time". In 2017, a study of AllMusic's catalog indicated the Beach Boys as the sixth most cited artist influence in its database; the core quintet of the three Wilsons and Jardine was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1988. At the time of his sixteenth birthday on June 20, 1958, Brian Wilson shared a bedroom with his brothers and Carl – aged thirteen and eleven – in their family home in Hawthorne.
He had watched his father, Murry Wilson, play piano, had listened intently to the harmonies of vocal groups such as the Four Freshmen. After dissecting songs such as "Ivory Tower" and "Good News", Brian would teach family members how to sing the background harmonies. For his birthday that year, Brian received a reel-to-reel tape recorder, he learned how to overdub, using those of Carl and their mother. Brian played piano with Carl and David Marks, an eleven-year-old longtime neighbor, playing guitars they had each received as Christmas presents. Soon Brian and Carl were avidly listening to Johnny Otis' KFOX radio show. Inspired by the simple structure and vocals of the rhythm and blues songs he heard, Brian changed his piano-playing style and started writing songs. Family gatherings brought the Wilsons in contact with cousin Mike Love. Brian taught a friend harmonies. Brian and two friends performed at Hawthorne High School. Brian knew Al Jardine, a high school classmate. Brian suggested to Jardine that they team up with his brother Carl.
Love gave the fledgling band its name: "The Pendletones", a pun on "Pendleton", a style of woolen shirt popular at the time. Dennis was the only avid surfer in the group, he suggested that the group write songs that celebrated the sport and the lifestyle that it had inspired in Southern California. Brian finished the song, titled "Surfin'", with Mike Love, wrote "Surfin' Safari". Murry recalled, "They had written a song called'Surfin',' which I never did like and still don't like, it was so rude and crude."Murry Wilson, a sometime songwriter, arranged for the Pendletones to meet his publisher Hite Morgan. He said: "Finally, agreed to hear it, Mrs. Morgan said'Drop everything, we're going to record your song. I think it's good.' And she's the one responsible." On September 15, 1961, the band recorded a demo of "Surfin'" with the Morgans. A more professional recording was made at World Pacific Studio in Hollywood. David Marks was not present at the session. Murry brought the demos to Herb Newman, owner of Candix Records and Era Records, he signed the group on December 8.
When the single was released a few weeks the band found that they had been renamed "the Beach Boys". Candix wanted to name the group the Surfers until Ru