LiveCode is a cross-platform rapid application development runtime environment inspired by HyperCard. It features the LiveCode Script programming language which belongs to the family of xTalk scripting languages like HyperCard's HyperTalk; the environment was introduced in 2001. The "Revolution" development system was based on the MetaCard engine technology which Runtime Revolution acquired from MetaCard Corporation in 2003; the platform won the Macworld Annual Editor's Choice Award for "Best Development Software" in 2004. "Revolution" was renamed "LiveCode" in the fall of 2010. "LiveCode" is sold by Runtime Revolution Ltd. based in Edinburgh, Scotland. In March, 2015, the company was renamed to unify the company name with the product. In April 2013 a free/open source version'LiveCode Community Edition 6.0' was published after a successful crowdfunding campaign at Kickstarter. The code base was re-licensed and made available as free and open source software with a version in April 2013. LiveCode runs on iOS, Android, OS X, Windows 95 through Windows 10, Raspberry Pi and several variations of Unix, including Linux, BSD.
It can be used for mobile and server/CGI applications. The iOS version was released in December 2010; the first version to deploy to the Web was released in 2009. It is the most used HyperCard/HyperTalk clone, the only one that runs on all major operating systems. A developer release of v.8 was announced in New York on March 12, 2015. This major enhancement to the product includes a new, separate development language, known as "LiveCode Builder", capable of creating new object classes called "widgets". In earlier versions, the set of object classes was fixed, could be enhanced only via the use of ordinary procedural languages such as C; the new language, which runs in its own IDE, is a departure from the transitional x-talk paradigm in that it permits typing of variables. But the two environments are integrated, apart from the ability to create new objects, development in LiveCode proceeds in the normal way, within the established IDE. A second crowdfunding campaign to Bring HTML5 to LiveCode reached funding goals of nearly $400,000 USD on July 31, 2014.
LiveCode developer release 8.0 DP4 was the first to include a standalone deployment option to HTML5. The LiveCode software creates applications that run in many supported environments, using a compile-free workflow; the same computer code in LiveCode can play across multiple platforms. LiveCode uses a high level, English-like programming language called Transcript, dynamically typed. Transcript and compile-free workflow generates code, self-documenting and easy for casual programmers to comprehend. For example, if the following script was executed when the system clock was at 9:00:00 AM: Ten lines will be loaded into the first text field, and seen as: Hello world at 9:00:00 AM Hello world at 9:00:01 AM Hello world at 9:00:02 AM... Notes: repeat is a control structure, illustrated here in just one of its various forms. Put is a command "Hello World at" is a literal the long time is a function that calls the system time return is a constant equal to ASCII character 10 after is a keyword, involved with an powerful and intuitive system known as "chunking", a hallmark of xTalk languages.
Field 1 is an object reference, here denoted by the layer number of a text field. All standard object classes are supported, may be referred to in several, highly-intuitive ways. LiveCode's natural English-like syntax is easy for beginners to learn. Variables are typeless, are typed at compile time based purely on context; this makes the language simple to read and maintain, with minimal loss of speed. The language contains advanced features including associative arrays, regular expressions, support for a variety of SQL databases, TCP/IP libraries; the LiveCode engine supports several common image formats, anti-aliased vector graphics, HTML-style text hyperlinks, chained behaviors and embedded web browsers. Accessing these higher-level functions is designed to be straightforward. To load the source code of a web page into a variable takes one line of code: Uploading a file to an FTP server uses similar syntax: LiveCode has around 1,900 built-in language terms and keywords, which may be extended by external libraries written in C and other lower level languages.
LiveCode project files are binary-compatible across platforms. They inherit each platform's look-and-feel and behaviors. Buttons, scroll bars, progress bars and menus behave as expected on the target platform without any intervention on the part of the one authoring a LiveCode application. Compiling a LiveCode "standalone" produces a single, executable file for each platform targeted. There is no separate runtime necessary; the Wikipedia article on HyperCard contains a more detailed discussion about the basics of a similar development environment and scripting language. Modern LiveCode retains its simplicity. LiveCode includes a number of features missing from the original HyperCard program, including multiple platform deployment, communication with external devices and many fundamental language extensions; the LiveCode toolkit, as compared to HyperCard, has the ability to access internet-based text and media resources, which allows the creation of internet-enabled desktop applications. IOS and Android targets are available in some versions.
Johnny Mathis' All-Time Greatest Hits is a compilation album by American pop singer Johnny Mathis, released in the spring of 1972 by Columbia Records and, despite its title, overlooks a good number of his Top 40 hits in favor of his singles that didn't make the Billboard Hot 100 and album tracks that weren't released as singles. This collection made its first appearance on Billboard magazine's Top LP's & Tapes chart in the issue dated June 24, 1972, remained there for 15 weeks, peaking at number 141, it received Gold certification from the Recording Industry Association of America on July 9, 1976, Platinum certification was awarded on November 21, 1986. Billboard described the compilation as "a collector's must!" "A Certain Smile" from A Certain Smile – 2:47 recorded on 5/12/58 and released on 6/2/58. 9/20/56, rel. 11/5/56. Wonderful!" "Small World" from Gypsy – 3:18 rec. 4/29/59, rel. 5/25/59. 4/21/59 for his album Heavenly. 9/59. 6/16/57, rel. 8/12/57. 11/6/59 for his album Faithfully. 5/60. 11/61. 8/9/62, rel.
9/7/62. 8/9/62, rel. 1/4/63. 7/8/71, rel. 2/17/72. 10/31/57, rel. 12/30/57. Wonderful!" – 2:50 rec. 9/20/56, rel. 11/5/56. – 2:44 rec. 1/7/58, rel. 3/17/58. 6/16/57, rel. 8/12/57. 10/1/57, rel. 11/11/57. 9/20/56, rel. 2/25/57.
HMAS Fremantle, named for the port city of Fremantle, Western Australia, was one of 60 Bathurst-class corvettes constructed during World War II, one of 36 manned and commissioned by the Royal Australian Navy. In 1938, the Australian Commonwealth Naval Board identified the need for a general purpose'local defence vessel' capable of both anti-submarine and mine-warfare duties, while easy to construct and operate; the vessel was envisaged as having a displacement of 500 tons, a speed of at least 10 knots, a range of 2,000 nautical miles The opportunity to build a prototype in the place of a cancelled Bar-class boom defence vessel saw the proposed design increased to a 680-ton vessel, with a 15.5 knots top speed, a range of 2,850 nautical miles, armed with a 4-inch gun, equipped with asdic, able to fitted with either depth charges or minesweeping equipment depending on the planned operations: although closer in size to a sloop than a local defence vessel, the resulting increased capabilities were accepted due to advantages over British-designed mine warfare and anti-submarine vessels.
Construction of the prototype HMAS Kangaroo did not go ahead. The need for locally built'all-rounder' vessels at the start of World War II saw the "Australian Minesweepers" approved in September 1939, with 60 constructed during the course of the war: 36 ordered by the RAN, 20 ordered by the British Admiralty but manned and commissioned as RAN vessels, 4 for the Royal Indian Navy. Fremantle was laid down by Evans Co at Brisbane, Queensland, she was launched on 18 March 1942 by the wife of Prime Minister John Curtin, commissioned into the RAN on 24 March 1943. When Fremantle entered active service in April 1943, she was assigned to convoy escort duties along the east coast of Australia; this continued until August 1943, when the corvette was assigned as a convoy escort between Darwin and Thursday Island. She continued this duty until June 1945, when she was ordered to New Guinea waters to act as a guard ship. Fremantle remained in New Guinea waters until the end of World War II; the ship received two battle honours for her wartime service.
Following the war's end, Fremantle was sent to Hong Kong, where she joined the 21st Minesweeping Flotilla in August 1945 and was involved in mine clearance in Chinese waters. On completion, the corvette returned to Australia, visiting her namesake city for the first time on 18 November 1945, before arriving in Melbourne and paying off into reserve on 25 January 1946. Fremantle was recommissioned on 10 December 1952 as a training ship for National Service trainees. Based in the port of Fremantle, the corvette was involved in fisheries protection, monitoring of the Japanese pearling fleet, hydrographic surveys. Fremantle paid off to reserve for the second time on 22 June 1959, she was sold for scrapping to Kinoshita Pty Ltd on 6 January 1961. BooksDonohue, Hector. From Empire Defence to the Long Haul: post-war defence policy and its impact on naval force structure planning 1945–1955. Papers in Australian Maritime Affairs. No. 1. Canberra: Sea Power Centre. ISBN 0-642-25907-0. ISSN 1327-5658. OCLC 36817771.
Stevens, David. A Critical Vulnerability: the impact of the submarine threat on Australia's maritime defense 1915–1954. Papers in Australian Maritime Affairs. No. 15. Canberra: Sea Power Centre Australia. ISBN 0-642-29625-1. ISSN 1327-5658. OCLC 62548623. Stevens, David. Stevens, David; the Royal Australian Navy. The Australian Centenary History of Defence. South Melbourne, VIC: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-554116-2. OCLC 50418095. Journal and news articlesStevens, David. "The Australian Corvettes". Hindsight. Sea Power Centre – Australia. 2010. Archived from the original on 20 March 2011. Retrieved 13 August 2010
The Battle of Buggenhout was fought at the beginning of the First World War in Belgium at Buggenhout a municipality between Antwerp and Brussels. The Belgian army sorties from Antwerp against German troops to the south; the Belgians planned to exploit German troop movements away from Antwerp and to assist the French army on the Marne. King Albert I the Belgian Commander in Chief, saw that the Germans had strengthened most of their positions south of Antwerp and reduced the attack to an operation against Landwehr Brigade 37, which had advanced from Brussels towards Dendermonde; the attack was made by the 5th divisions of the field army. The 4th Division advanced from Grembergen and Hamme, as the 2nd and 5th regiments Chasseurs à pied of the 5th Division attacked on the left flank from Bornem and Puurs; the Cavalry Division attacked Aalst from the west but the Belgian sortie was suspended after German artillery began a bombardment of the forts of the National redoubt of Belgium around Antwerp, preparatory to its own attack.
The railway network in Belgium had many facilities for the movement of supplies and troops and after the sortie of 9–13 September, the Belgian High Command planned to destroy the communications at several points. Seven volunteer detachments of a hundred cyclists each were formed and sent through the German lines to conduct railway demolitions; the cyclist detachments left Antwerp on 22 September, slipped through the lines and cut the principal lines in Limburg and Hainault. Most detachments were able to return to Antwerp but some were discovered, killed or taken prisoner and the Germans inflicted reprisals on civilians living nearby. Ten motorcyclists unpinned the rails between Tongeren. Germans troops shot eight civilians and set fire to part of the village. Another cycle column was surprised by the Germans in the act of blowing up the line at Tubize. Shortly afterwards the bodies of two civilians were found near the scene of the skirmish and several houses were seen to have been burnt down.
A German proclamation was issued on 25 September by the Governor-General, Convoys of trucks and patrols have been surprised and attacked by the inhabitants in certain districts not occupied by German troops in greater or less force. I draw the attention of the public to the fact that a list of the towns and communes in which these attacks have occurred has been drawn up, that they may expect their punishment when the German troops pass through their neighbourhood. Grand Quartier Général the French army general headquarters, requested that the Belgians undertake a substantial new attack on German communications, it was believed to be possible, because the German forces before Antwerp had been reduced to send reinforcements to France. The Belgian general staff selected a region to the west of Brussels for a raid; the Cavalry Division was sent by rail to Ghent, ready to move on Aalst, while the main army in the fourth sector was to march southwards. During the preliminary movements for the sortie, the Belgians found that the German force before Antwerp had been reinforced.
The sortie was cancelled, except for a slight westerly movement of the main body of the army and an attack on Landwehr Brigade 37 near Dendermonde. On 26 September, the 4th Division was to carry out a frontal attack; the 5th Division was to attack the German right flank and the Cavalry Division was to attack on the left flank. On 26 September, the Germans withdrew from the ruins of Dendermonde on the approach of the 4th Division, which advanced through the town along both banks of the Dender and engaged Landwehr Brigade 37 at Sint-Gillis-bij-Dendermonde and Wieze; the 5th Division advanced cautiously to cover its left flank and engaged the Germans with small detachments. Two battalions tried to cut off the retreat of the brigade by an advance from Buggenhout on Lebbeke, occupied as night fell; the Cavalry Division pushed back German detachments guarding the passages of the Dender at Aalst, where the Belgians and Germans engaged each other on opposite banks. Groups of Belgian cavalry pushed on to Asse but Landwehr Brigade 37 escaped the encirclement by skirting Lebbeke on the west in the dusk to reached Opwijk by back roads, where they rejoined the main body early on 27 September.
The front line was separated by the Dender. An old weaver carrying a pail of water across the street in Aalst was bayoneted. In Binnen Straat, houses were set on two men killed. In the Eue des Trois Clefs about forty civilians were dragged from their homes, stripped of their valuables and money and driven to the river Dender and used as human shields. A Belgian officer in command of a machine-gun commanding the drawbridge signalled to the civilians to throw themselves on the ground and the Belgians fired, forcing the Germans to retreat, who killed eight or nine civilian prisoners. In the Eue des Trois Clefs, Eue Lenders and Eue de 1'Argents, houses were burnt down and some people who tried to escape from the houses were cut down, c. 40 persons being killed. A German column of 200–300 soldiers left Aalst for the village of Erpe with 25 prisoners, set fire to the houses and killed five or six civilians who tried to escape. A Belgian car with a machine-gun appeared and the Germans placed the hostages from Aalst on the road where two were wounded by Belgian machine-gun fire.
Mexicana Universal Guanajuato is a pageant in Guanajuato, that selects that state's representative for the national Mexicana Universal pageant. The State Organization has produced one Nuestra Belleza México titleholder in 2007 with Elisa Nájera and two Nuestra Belleza Mundo México in 1998 with Vilma Zamora and 2011 with Mariana Berumen. Nuestra Belleza Guanajuato is located at number 5 with three crowns of Nuestra Belleza México/Mexicana Universal. Below are the names of the annual titleholders of Mexicana Universal Guanajuato, listed in ascending order, their final placements in the Mexicana Universal after their participation, until 2017 the names was Nuestra Belleza Guanajuato. Competed in Miss Universe. Competed in Miss World. Competed in Miss International. Competed in Miss Continente Americano. Competed in Reina Hispanoamericana; as of 2000, it is not uncommon for some States to have more than one delegate competing in the national pageant. The following Nuestra Belleza Guanajuato contestants were invited to compete in Nuestra Belleza México.
Meridian Water railway station is on the Lea Valley Lines in Edmonton in the London Borough of Enfield, north London. It opened on 3 June 2019; the station is 580 metres south of the closed Angel Road railway station, which Meridian Water has replaced. The new station has three platforms but passive provision for four has been made. Platform 1 remains unbuilt with no track laid, but space has been allowed for when required in the future, it is expected. There are steps and lifts giving access to Meridian Way to the east. In August 2019, it was announced that funding had been approved for construction of a fourth platform and a new section of track between Tottenham Hale and Meridian Water to enable up to 8 trains per hour to serve the station at peak times. All services at Meridian Water are operated by Greater Anglia. Service History Upon opening, the service pattern was peak hours only, similar to the service level of the former Angel Road station; the first service departed for London Liverpool Street on Monday, 3 June at 05:57.
Current Services As of 9 September 2019 the station is served by a half-hourly shuttle service to Stratford, calling at Northumberland Park, Tottenham Hale and Lea Bridge which terminates at Meridian Water. Additional trains to and from Hertford East and Bishops Stortford call at Meridian Water during the peak periods. There is 1 train per day in each direction to London Liverpool Street. London bus routes 192 and 341 serve the nearby Tesco and IKEA superstores just off Meridian Way. Train times and station information for Meridian Water railway station from National Rail