Paulo Xisto Pinto Jr. is a Brazilian musician/bassist for heavy metal band Sepultura. Pinto joined Sepultura after "Gato"'s split in 1984, becoming Sepultura's second and only bassist and although no original members are left in Sepultura, Pinto is the longest remaining member of Sepultura, he received a white Giannini, when he was fifteen. His influences include Geddy Lee, Geezer Butler, Cliff Burton and Gene Simmons. In 1984, Xisto met the Cavalera brothers in the Santa Teresa neighbourhood of Belo Horizonte through a common friend, he joined Sepultura after the departure of Roberto Raffan. Xisto played his first concert at the Ideal Club in Santa Teresa, he is the longest serving member, only member to appear on all studio albums. In 2009, Xisto joined with Alan Wallace and André Márcio of Eminence and Vladimir Korg of Chakal to form the band The Unabomber Files. In 2013, the group released a six-song EP and a teaser for the music video of the song "Buried In My Bunker". In 2007, Xisto played bass guitar on Sayowa's second album.
In 2013, he made a guest appearance on Eminence's fourth album, The Stalker, providing extra bass accompaniment. Xisto grew up with a younger sister, his father was a lawyer. In an interview, Xisto commended his parents for supporting the band in its early days. "The support of the parents was one of the keys to our success. We had an empty room and my parents not only lent the space, but the car to carry the equipment and made lunch for everyone when we were rehearsing." His hobbies include jiu football. He is an avid supporter of the football club Clube Atlético Mineiro, he lives in São Paulo, Brazil. Since 1999, Xisto has organised a series of annual football charity games between former Brazilian players, television artists and the band members; the games took place at the Estádio Municipal Castor Cifuentes in Nova Lima, near Belo Horizonte. The spectators were asked to donate a pound of food and the gathered donations were given to local charities. In April 2008, Xisto was decorated with the Medalha da Inconfidência.
This decoration was created in 1952 by the former Brazilian President Juscelino Kubitschek to pay homage to individuals who contributed in the development of the state of Minas Gerais and the country. The ceremony took place in Ouro Preto, hosted by the Governor of Minas Gerais, Aécio Neves. Alembic Essence 5 Alembic Spoiler Zon Legacy 5 strings and Sonus 5 strings Fender 5 strings custom Shop Mesa Boogie Triaxis pre-amps modified for bass Meteoro heads 1600 SansAmp RB-1 pre amps SWR heads Rocktron intellifects Meteoro MPX bass drive & direct Crown 2400 power amp Two Ampeg 8x10 cabinets Meteoro 8x10 cabinets Megoliath 8x10 cabinets Cry Baby Bass wah DOD effects Fender and DR strings Fender and Tecniforte cables Sepultura 1985 – Bestial Devastation 1986 – Morbid Visions 1987 – Schizophrenia 1989 – Beneath the Remains 1991 – Arise 1993 – Chaos A. D. 1996 – Roots 1998 – Against 2001 – Nation 2002 – Revolusongs 2003 – Roorback 2006 – Dante XXI 2009 – A-Lex 2011 – Kairos 2013 – The Mediator Between Head and Hands Must Be the Heart 2017 – Machine MessiahThe Unabomber Files 2013 – The Unabomber Files Eminence 2013 – The Stalker
Thrash metal is an extreme subgenre of heavy metal music characterized by its overall aggression and fast tempo. The songs use fast percussive beats and low-register guitar riffs, overlaid with shredding-style lead work; the lyrics deal with social issues and criticism of The Establishment, using direct and denunciatory language, an approach borrowed from hardcore punk. The genre evolved in the early 1980s from combining the fast drum beats and attitude of hardcore with the double bass drumming and heavy, complex guitar style of the new wave of British heavy metal, it emerged as a reaction to the more conventional and acceptable glam metal, a less aggressive, pop music–infused heavy metal subgenre which appeared simultaneously. Thrash metal was an inspiration for subsequent extreme genres such as black metal. Thrash metal features fast tempos, low-register, complex guitar riffs, high-register guitar solos and double bass drumming; the genre evolved in the early 1980s from combining the drum beats of hardcore punk with the guitar style of the new wave of British heavy metal.
It emerged as a reaction to the more conventional and acceptable glam metal, a less aggressive, pop-infused heavy metal subgenre which appeared simultaneously. The rhythm guitar parts are played with heavy distortion and palm muted to create a tighter and more precise sound. Vocally, thrash metal can employ anything from melodic singing to shouted vocals. Most guitar solos are played at high speed and technically demanding, as they are characterized by shredding, use advanced techniques such as sweep picking, legato phrasing, alternate picking, tremolo picking, string skipping, two-hand tapping; the guitar riffs use chromatic scales and emphasize the tritone and diminished intervals, instead of using conventional single scale based riffing. For example, the intro riff of Metallica's "Master of Puppets" is a chromatic descent, followed by a chromatic ascent based on the tritone. Speed and time-changes define thrash metal. Thrash tends to have an accelerating feel which may be due in large part to its aggressive drumming style.
For example, drummers use two bass drums, or a double-bass pedal, in order to create a relentless, driving beat. Cymbal stops/chokes are used to transition from one riff to another or to precede an acceleration in tempo; some common characteristics of the genre are fast guitar riffs with aggressive picking styles and fast guitar solos, extensive use of two bass drums as opposed to the conventional use of only one, typical of most rock music. To keep up with the other instruments, many bassists use a plectrum. However, some prominent thrash metal bassists have used their fingers, such as Frank Bello, Greg Christian, Steve DiGiorgio, Robert Trujillo and Cliff Burton. Several bassists use a distorted bass tone, an approach popularized by Motörhead's Lemmy. Lyrical themes in thrash metal include warfare, injustice, suicide, alienation and other maladies that afflict the individual and society. In addition, politics pessimism and dissatisfaction towards politics, are common themes among thrash metal bands.
Humor and irony can be found, but they are limited, are exception rather than a rule. Among the earliest songs to be labeled thrash metal was Queen's "Stone Cold Crazy", recorded and released in 1974; the song was described as being thrash metal "before the term had been invented". Black Sabbath's "Symptom of the Universe", released in 1975, was the inspiration for Diamond Head's "Am I Evil?". Since NWOBHM bands directly influenced the development of early thrash; the early work of artists such as Diamond Head, Iron Maiden, Judas Priest, Motörhead, Tygers of Pan Tang and Angel Witch, among others, introduced the fast-paced instrumentation that became an essential aspect of thrash. Void is hailed as one of the earliest examples of hardcore/heavy metal crossover, whose chaotic musical approach is cited as influential, their 1982 split LP with fellow Washington band The Faith showed both bands exhibiting quick, high-speed punk rock. It has been argued that those recordings laid the foundation for early thrash metal, at least in terms of selected tempos.
In Europe, the earliest band of the emerging thrash movement was Venom from Newcastle upon Tyne, formed in 1979. Their 1982 album Black Metal has been cited as a major influence on many subsequent genres and bands in the extreme metal world, such as Bathory, Hellhammer and Mayhem; the European scene was exclusively influenced by the most aggressive music Germany and England were producing at the time. British bands such as Tank and Raven, along with German band Accept, motivated musicians from central Europe to start bands of their own producing groups such as Sodom and Destruction from Germany, as well as Switzerland's Coroner; the Swedish punk band Warheads have been described as a proto-thrash band. In 1981, a Southern California band Leather Charm wrote a song entitled "Hit the Lights". Leather Charm soon disbanded and the band's primary songwriter, vocalist/rhythm guitarist James Hetfield met drummer Lars Ulrich through a classified advertisement. Together and Ulrich formed Metallica, the first of the "Big Four" thrash bands, with lead guitarist Dave Mustaine, who would form Megadeth, another of the "Big Four" originators of thrash, bassist Ron McGovney.
Metallica relocated to the San Francisco Bay Area. McGovney was replaced with Cliff Burton, Mustaine was replaced with Kirk Hammett. "Hit the Lights" was featured on th
A music genre is a conventional category that identifies some pieces of music as belonging to a shared tradition or set of conventions. It is to be distinguished from musical form and musical style, although in practice these terms are sometimes used interchangeably. Academics have argued that categorizing music by genre is inaccurate and outdated. Music can be divided into different genres in many different ways; the artistic nature of music means that these classifications are subjective and controversial, some genres may overlap. There are varying academic definitions of the term genre itself. In his book Form in Tonal Music, Douglass M. Green distinguishes between form, he lists madrigal, canzona and dance as examples of genres from the Renaissance period. To further clarify the meaning of genre, Green writes, "Beethoven's Op. 61 and Mendelssohn's Op. 64 are identical in genre – both are violin concertos – but different in form. However, Mozart's Rondo for Piano, K. 511, the Agnus Dei from his Mass, K. 317 are quite different in genre but happen to be similar in form."
Some, like Peter van der Merwe, treat the terms genre and style as the same, saying that genre should be defined as pieces of music that share a certain style or "basic musical language." Others, such as Allan F. Moore, state that genre and style are two separate terms, that secondary characteristics such as subject matter can differentiate between genres. A music genre or subgenre may be defined by the musical techniques, the style, the cultural context, the content and spirit of the themes. Geographical origin is sometimes used to identify a music genre, though a single geographical category will include a wide variety of subgenres. Timothy Laurie argues that since the early 1980s, "genre has graduated from being a subset of popular music studies to being an ubiquitous framework for constituting and evaluating musical research objects". Among the criteria used to classify musical genres are the trichotomy of art and traditional musics. Alternatively, music can be divided on three variables: arousal and depth.
Arousal reflects the energy level of the music. These three variables help explain why many people like similar songs from different traditionally segregated genres. Musicologists have sometimes classified music according to a trichotomic distinction such as Philip Tagg's "axiomatic triangle consisting of'folk','art' and'popular' musics", he explains that each of these three is distinguishable from the others according to certain criteria. The term art music refers to classical traditions, including both contemporary and historical classical music forms. Art music exists in many parts of the world, it emphasizes formal styles that invite technical and detailed deconstruction and criticism, demand focused attention from the listener. In Western practice, art music is considered a written musical tradition, preserved in some form of music notation rather than being transmitted orally, by rote, or in recordings, as popular and traditional music are. Most western art music has been written down using the standard forms of music notation that evolved in Europe, beginning well before the Renaissance and reaching its maturity in the Romantic period.
The identity of a "work" or "piece" of art music is defined by the notated version rather than by a particular performance, is associated with the composer rather than the performer. This is so in the case of western classical music. Art music may include certain forms of jazz, though some feel that jazz is a form of popular music. Sacred Christian music forms an important part of the classical music tradition and repertoire, but can be considered to have an identity of its own; the term popular music refers to any musical style accessible to the general public and disseminated by the mass media. Musicologist and popular music specialist Philip Tagg defined the notion in the light of sociocultural and economical aspects: Popular music, unlike art music, is conceived for mass distribution to large and socioculturally heterogeneous groups of listeners and distributed in non-written form, only possible in an industrial monetary economy where it becomes a commodity and in capitalist societies, subject to the laws of'free' enterprise... it should ideally sell as much as possible.
Popular music is found on most commercial and public service radio stations, in most commercial music retailers and department stores, in movie and television soundtracks. It is noted on the Billboard charts and, in addition to singer-songwriters and composers, it involves music producers more than other genres do; the distinction between classical and popular music has sometimes been blurred in marginal areas such as minimalist music and light classics. Background music for films/movies draws on both traditions. In this respect, music is like fiction, which draws a distinction between literary fiction and popular fiction, not always precise. Country music known as country and western, hillbilly music, is a genre of popular music that originated in the southern United States in the early 1920s; the polka is a Czech dance and genre of dance music familiar throughout Europe and the Americas. Rock music is a broad genre of popular music that originated as "rock and roll" in the United States in the early 1950s, developed into a range of different styles in the 1960s and particular
Massimiliano Antonio "Max" Cavalera is a Brazilian singer and songwriter who plays in heavy metal bands Soulfly, Cavalera Conspiracy, Killer Be Killed. In 1984, he co-founded the acclaimed thrash metal band Sepultura with his brother Igor Cavalera and was the band's lead singer and rhythm guitarist until he left in 1996. Cavalera was involved in a short-lived side project called Nailbomb. Max Cavalera's father, Graziano Cavalera, was an employee of the Italian Consulate in Belo Horizonte, he died at 41 years of age. Cavalera's family was in a state of financial crisis and family turbulence when he formed Sepultura with his younger brother Igor. In the early 1990s, he relocated to Arizona, he did not begin to make spiritual music. His earlier lyrics for Soulfly were influenced by religion and spirituality, though he is critical of religion, his albums, starting with Dark Ages, began to incorporate lyrical themes of violence, warfare and hatred. His albums have all been dedicated to God, he has been depicted by the press as a man of religion in the United States, something that Cavalera himself says he does not understand: I do hate a lot of "religion", but people like Christ – yeah they inspire me.
I mean if you look at Christ, He was hanging around with the lowlifes and the losers you know, not going around with those high society motherfuckers you see trying to sell Jesus today! When asked in an interview whether he was a Christian and whether Soulfly was a Christian band, he said: No. I mean; because Christian people are so close-minded. A priest would not accept that. So I don't like the concept of Christianity in terms of being so close-minded, it is the same with music. Sometimes I compare preachers to close-minded musicians or close-minded listeners, who only like one kind of music; some preachers are the same. And they don't tolerate Buddhists or whatever. Only them. It's bullshit. So Soulfly is not a Christian band at all. Much opposite, but we are spiritual. Spiritual has nothing to do with Christianity anyway, it has been here since the beginning of time. In another interview, he was asked about the Varg Vikernes church burnings, he quoted, "I support church burnings 100 percent. Mosques, all religious buildings."
However, he claimed his views changed about the church burnings and called them "too violent". He has stated that he does believe in God, "But it might be different than the God the preacher preaches about."Of enduring influence to his music, is the untimely death of his stepson, Dana Wells, killed after the release of Roots in 1996. The songs "Bleed", "First Commandment", "Pain", "Tree of Pain" and "Revengeance" are tributes to Wells, as well as Deftones' song "Headup", in which Cavalera featured and co-wrote, he reunited with his brother Igor, in their band Cavalera Conspiracy, wrote and performed on Soulfly's Conquer, released in 2008. In 2009, Cavalera appears in Grand Theft Auto: The Lost and Damned as himself on radio station LCHC. In 2013, Cavalera released his autobiography, titled My Bloody Roots. Cavalera is known for playing his guitar with only 4 strings; the inspiration struck when he broke both strings one day and he did not bother to replace them. A friend commented that the guitar looked better without them, thus it became his trademark.
Since 1992, Cavalera has lived in Phoenix, Arizona with his wife Gloria and his five children: Zyon, Jason and Roxanne. The three eldest, Gloria's children, were adopted by Cavalera. Zyon and Richie have all collaborated with Cavalera in his various projects. Three of his sons are active in music, with Richie fronting Incite and Igor and Zyon performing in Lody Kong. Jason tours amongst other various duties behind the scenes. In 2012 and 2013, Zyon toured with Soulfly after David Kinkade's retirement, now he is a regular member as drummer. Igor filled in as bassist for Soulfly in 2015 after Tony Campos left the band, toured as keyboardist and co-vocalist during Soulfly's Point Blank Tour. Igor was born with type 1 diabetes, Max and Gloria set up the Iggy Fund in 1998 to help other families get necessary medicine for their children with juvenile diabetes. Cavalera has collaborated with many different artists while in Soulfly. In 2003 he joined forces with former Nirvana drummer and Foo Fighters' frontman Dave Grohl to produce "Red War" for the self-titled release of Dave Grohl's metal project, Probot.
Cavalera has worked with the following musicians: Cavalera appeared in The Scorpion King in an off-camera role, providing the guttural screams for Dwayne Johnson. SepulturaBestial Devastation EP Morbid Visions Schizophrenia Beneath the Remains Arise US#119 Third World Posse EP Chaos A. D. US#32 US Gold Refuse/Resist EP Roots US#27 US Gold The Roots of Sepultura Blood-Rooted US#162 Under a Pale Grey Sky NailbombPoint Blank Proud to Commit Commercial Suicide SoulflySoulfly US#79 US Gold Tribe EP Primitive US#32 3 US#46 Prophecy US#82 Dark Ages US#155 Conquer US#66 Omen US#73 Enslaved US#82 Savages US#84
Led Zeppelin were an English rock band formed in London in 1968. The group consisted of guitarist Jimmy Page, singer Robert Plant, bassist/keyboardist John Paul Jones, drummer John Bonham. Along with Black Sabbath and Deep Purple, the band's heavy, guitar-driven sound has led them to be cited as one of the progenitors of heavy metal, their style drew from a wide variety of influences, including blues and folk music. After changing their name from the New Yardbirds, Led Zeppelin signed a deal with Atlantic Records that afforded them considerable artistic freedom. Although the group were unpopular with critics, they achieved significant commercial success with eight studio albums released over eleven years, from Led Zeppelin to In Through the Out Door, their untitled fourth studio album known as Led Zeppelin IV and featuring the song "Stairway to Heaven", is among the most popular and influential works in rock music, it helped to secure the group's popularity. Page wrote most of Led Zeppelin's music early in their career, while Plant supplied the lyrics.
Jones' keyboard-based compositions became central to the group's catalogue, which featured increasing experimentation. The latter half of their career saw a series of record-breaking tours that earned the group a reputation for excess and debauchery. Although they remained commercially and critically successful, their output and touring schedule were limited during the late 1970s, the group disbanded following Bonham's death from alcohol-related asphyxia in 1980. In the decades that followed, the surviving members sporadically collaborated and participated in one-off Led Zeppelin reunions; the most successful of these was the 2007 Ahmet Ertegun Tribute Concert in London, with Jason Bonham taking his late father's place behind the drums. Many critics consider Led Zeppelin to be one of the most successful and influential rock groups in history, they are one of the best-selling music artists in the history of audio recording. With RIAA-certified sales of 111.5 million units, they are the third-best-selling band in the US.
Each of their nine studio albums placed in the top 10 of the Billboard album chart and six reached the number-one spot. They achieved eight consecutive UK number-one albums. Rolling Stone magazine described them as "the heaviest band of all time", "the biggest band of the Seventies", "unquestionably one of the most enduring bands in rock history", they were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1995. In 1966, London-based session guitarist Jimmy Page joined the blues-influenced rock band the Yardbirds to replace bassist Paul Samwell-Smith. Page soon switched from bass to lead guitar. Following Beck's departure in October 1966, the Yardbirds, tired from constant touring and recording, began to wind down. Page wanted to form a supergroup with him and Beck on guitars, the Who's Keith Moon and John Entwistle on drums and bass, respectively. Vocalists Steve Winwood and Steve Marriott were considered for the project; the group never formed, although Page and Moon did record a song together in 1966, "Beck's Bolero", in a session that included bassist-keyboardist John Paul Jones.
The Yardbirds played their final gig in July 1968 at Luton College of Technology in Bedfordshire. They were still committed to several concerts in Scandinavia, so drummer Jim McCarty and vocalist Keith Relf authorised Page and bassist Chris Dreja to use "the Yardbirds" name to fulfill the band's obligations. Page and Dreja began putting a new line-up together. Page's first choice for the lead singer was Terry Reid, but Reid declined the offer and suggested Robert Plant, a singer for the Band of Joy and Hobbstweedle. Plant accepted the position, recommending former Band of Joy drummer John Bonham. John Paul Jones inquired about the vacant position of bass guitarist at the suggestion of his wife after Dreja dropped out of the project to become a photographer. Page had known Jones since they were both session musicians and agreed to let him join as the final member; the four played together for the first time in a room below a record store on Gerrard Street in London. Page suggested that they attempt "Train Kept A-Rollin'" a jump blues song popularised in a rockabilly version by Johnny Burnette, covered by the Yardbirds.
"As soon as I heard John Bonham play", Jones recalled, "I knew this was going to be great... We locked together as a team immediately". Before leaving for Scandinavia, the group took part in a recording session for the P. J. Proby album, Three Week Hero; the album's track "Jim's Blues", with Plant on harmonica, was the first studio track to feature all four future members of Led Zeppelin. The band completed the Scandinavian tour as the New Yardbirds, playing together for the first time in front of a live audience at Gladsaxe Teen Clubs in Gladsaxe, Denmark, on 7 September 1968; that month, they began recording their first album, based on their live set. The album was recorded and mixed in nine days, Page covered the costs. After the album's completion, the band were forced to change their name after Dreja issued a cease and desist letter, stating that Page was allowed to use the New Yardbirds moniker for the Scandinavian dates only. One account of how the new band's name was chosen held that Moon and Entwistle had suggested that a supergroup with Page and Beck would go down like a "lead balloon", an idiom for disastrous results.
The group dropped the'a' in lead at the suggestion
Sepultura is a Brazilian heavy metal band from Belo Horizonte. Formed in 1984 by brothers Max and Igor Cavalera, the band was a major force in the groove metal, thrash metal, death metal genres during the late 1980s and early 1990s, with their experiments drawing influence from alternative metal, world music, nu metal, hardcore punk, industrial metal. Sepultura has been credited as one of the leaders of the second wave of thrash metal in the late 1980s and early-to-mid-1990s; the band has had several lineup changes throughout its existence, with Max and Igor Cavalera departing in 1996 and 2006, respectively. Sepultura's current lineup consists of vocalist Derrick Green, guitarist Andreas Kisser, bassist Paulo Jr. and drummer Eloy Casagrande. Since Igor Cavalera's departure in 2006, there have been no original members left in the band. Paulo Jr., a member of Sepultura since 1985, is the only member to appear on every release. Kisser, who replaced onetime guitarist Jairo Guedz, debuted on record with Sepultura on their second full-length Schizophrenia.
Sepultura has released fourteen studio albums to the latest being Machine Messiah. Their most successful records are Beneath the Remains, Chaos A. D. and Roots. Sepultura has sold over three million units in the United States and 20 million worldwide, gaining multiple gold and platinum records around the globe, including in countries as diverse as France, Indonesia, United States and their native Brazil. Sepultura was formed in 1984 in the capital city of Minas Gerais, Brazil; the band was founded by teen brothers Max and Igor Cavalera, the impoverished sons of Vânia, a model, Graciliano, a well-to-do Italian diplomat whose fatal heart attack left his family in financial ruin. Graciliano's death affected his sons, inspiring them to form a band after Max heard the album Black Sabbath Vol. 4 the same day. They chose the band name Sepultura, the Portuguese word for "burial", when Max translated the lyrics of the Motörhead song "Dancing on Your Grave"; the brothers' early influences included Led Zeppelin, Black Sabbath, Deep Purple, metal and hard rock artists of the early 1980s, such as Van Halen, Iron Maiden, Motörhead, AC/DC, Judas Priest, Ozzy Osbourne, V8.
They would travel to a record shop in São Paulo that mixed tapes of the latest records by American bands. Their listening habits changed after being introduced to Venom; as Igor Cavalera put it: The Cavalera brothers started listening to bands such as Hellhammer, Celtic Frost, Sodom, Megadeth and Exciter. They had influences on Brazilian metal from bands like Stress, Sagrado Inferno, Dorsal Atlântica. By 1984, they had dropped out of school. After several early membership changes, Sepultura established a stable lineup of Max on guitar, Igor on drums, vocalist Wagner Lamounier, bassist Paulo Jr. Lamounier departed in March 1985 after disagreements with the band, moved on to become the leader of the pioneering Brazilian black metal band Sarcófago. After his departure, Max took over the vocal duties. Jairo Guedes was invited to join the band as lead guitarist. After about a year of performing, Sepultura signed to Cogumelo Records in 1985; that year, they released Bestial Devastation, a shared EP with fellow Brazilian band Overdose.
It was self-produced in just two days. The band recorded their first full-length album, Morbid Visions, in August 1986, it contained "Troops of Doom", which gained some media attention. The band decided to relocate to the larger city of São Paulo. In early 1987, Jairo Guedz quit the band. Guedz was replaced by São Paulo-based guitarist Andreas Kisser, they released their second studio album, Schizophrenia, in 1987; the album reflected a stylistic change towards a more thrash metal-oriented sound, while still keeping the death metal elements of Morbid Visions. Schizophrenia was an improvement in production and performance, became a minor critical sensation across Europe and America as a much sought-after import; the band sent tapes to the United States that made radio playlists at a time when they were struggling to book gigs, because club owners were afraid to book them due to their style. The band gained attention from Roadrunner Records who signed them and released Schizophrenia internationally before seeing the band perform in person.
During a May 2018 interview with teenyrockers.com, Kisser noted that Sepultura would not have been possible without family support, not only from his own family, but from the families of Max & Igor and Paulo Jr. The band's third studio album, Beneath the Remains, was released in 1989; the album was recorded in a rustic studio in Rio de Janeiro while the band communicated through translators with the American producer Scott Burns. It was an immediate success and became known in thrash metal circles as a classic on the order of Slayer's Reign in Blood, it was hailed by Terrorizer magazine as one of the all-time top 20 thrash metal albums, as well as gaining a place in their all-time top 40 death metal records. AllMusic gave the album 4.5 stars out of 5 and said, "The complete absence of filler here makes this one of the most essential death/thrash metal albums of all time." A long European and American tour furthered the band's reputation, despite the fact that they were still limited English speakers.
Their first US show was held on October 31, 1989 at the Ritz in New York City, opening for Danish heavy metal band King Diamond. The band filmed its first video for the single "Inner Self". In January 1991, Sepultura played for more
Dante XXI is the tenth studio album by the Brazilian metal band Sepultura, released in 2006 through SPV Records. It is a concept album based on the three sections of Dante Alighieri's The Divine Comedy; this is the last album to feature Igor Cavalera on drums. Dante XXI was titled "Dante 05", but was changed when it became clear that the album would not be released by the end of 2005; the first single from the album was "Convicted in Life". A video for the song was released in 2006, it won the MTV VMB Best Editing in a Video Award that year. In January 2008 the band released a music video for the song "Ostia"; the album artwork was done by Stephan Doitschinoff, whom the band commissioned to do 10 paintings based on the Divine Comedy. Covers of Judas Priest's "Screaming for Vengeance" and Sick of It All's "Scratch the Surface" have been recorded as B-sides. "Screaming for Vengeance" was added as a Japanese bonus track, while "Scratch the Surface" is included on the SOIA tribute album Our Impact Will Be Felt.
The Brazilian edition, contains two bonus tracks: "Mindwar" and "False". Initial ideas for the album included a symphonic metal album, a concept album based on the novel A Clockwork Orange, applied to their next studio album A-Lex. Many critics stated. Chad Bowar from About.com praised the album for its intensity and commented that it "brings the thrash at full blast". He highlighted Green's vocal performance, as well as the album's overall concept. AllMusic's Steve Huey noted that much of the elements that made Sepultura "stand out from the metal pack" are still present on this record, that this was one of Sepultura's strongest releases with Green on vocals. Alternative Press reviewer Phil Freeman stated that with this album, Sepultura are "finally back at full strength", giving the listener "exactly what he hopes to get from pioneers in the art of skull-crushing". In a mixed review for Stylus Magazine, Cosmo Lee said that the riffs were "unmemorable" and the songs lacked "tension and release".
He criticized the album's artwork, describing it as a "weak, mild-mannered font worthy of indie rock". Despite positive reviews, sales of the album were disappointing and continued the decrease in sales of Sepultura's albums since Against, selling only 2,300 copies its first week of release in the US. Dante XXI has sold 120,000+ copies worldwide as of January 2, 2008 and went Gold in Brazil and Cyprus. According to Matthew Teutsch, a scholar of literature and popular culture, the album is "a modern-day soundtrack for Dante’s Divine Comedy" and allows an exploration of the poem "through an aesthetic rendering of twenty-first-century national issues". All music composed by Derrick Green, Igor Cavalera, except where noted. Album - Billboard Album - Music recording sales certifications Sepultura Derrick Green - vocals Andreas Kisser - guitars, horns arrangements, strings arrangements Paulo Jr. - bass Igor Cavalera - drums Luiz Garcia - horns Samuel Hamzem - horns André Moraes - percussion, programming, Fender Rhodes, horns arrangements, strings arrangements, minimoog, producer Fabio Presgrave - cello Bia Rebello - cello Guilherme Cersosimo - crew Estevam Romera - crew Rogerinho Motorhead - crew Pedro Verdone - crew Stephan Doitschinoff - paintings Mauricio Cersosimo - pre-production Susanne Kammer - design Fragata - assistant Helio Leite - assistant Stanley Soares - producer, mixing Official SPV Dante XXI Site