From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Llaima Volcano.jpg
The snowy cone of Llaima volcano
Highest point
Elevation 3,125 m (10,253 ft) [1]
Prominence 1,819 m (5,968 ft) [1]
Listing Region high point
Coordinates 38°41′45″S 71°43′54″W / 38.69583°S 71.73167°W / -38.69583; -71.73167Coordinates: 38°41′45″S 71°43′54″W / 38.69583°S 71.73167°W / -38.69583; -71.73167[1]
Llaima is located in Chile
Location in Chile
Location Melipeuco and Vilcún, Cautín Province, La Araucanía Region, Chile
Parent range Andes
Mountain type Stratovolcano
Last eruption 2008 to 2009

The Llaima Volcano is one of the largest and most active volcanoes in Chile. It is situated 82 km northeast of Temuco and 663 km southeast of Santiago, within the borders of Conguillío National Park.


The top of Llaima consists of two summits; the lower of the two, Pichillaima, is about 2,920 m (9,580 ft) high and is significantly less prominent than the higher northern summit.[2]

The average elevation of the terrain around Llaima is about 740 m asl.[2]

The volcano, along with Sierra Nevada, surrounds the Conguillío Lake. Its slopes are drained by the rivers Captrén, Quepe and Trufultruful.[2] The former ones are tributaries of Cautín River and the latter is affluent of Allipén River.


Llaima is one of Chile's most active volcanoes and has frequent but moderate eruptions. Llaima’s activity has been documented since the 17th century, and consists of several separate episodes of moderate explosive eruptions with occasional lava flows. The last major eruption occurred in 1994.[3]

An eruption on January 1, 2008 forced the evacuation of hundreds of people from nearby villages. A column of smoke approximately 3000 m high was observed. An amateur caught the early eruption phase on video.[4] The volcanic ash expelled by Llaima travelled east over the Andes into Argentina. Ash fall was recorded in the area of Zapala, Neuquén Province, and forced the cancellation of flights to and from Presidente Perón Airport near the city of Neuquén.[5] On July 2, 2008, another eruption resulted in evacuation of 40 people from a 15 km exclusion zone.[6]

An eruption occurred on April 5, 2009, with pyroclastic flows, ash and lava seen on the slopes.[citation needed]

For the 2010–30 period an eruption of Volcanic Explosivity Index 2 or more is expected based on statistics.[7]


The ski center Las Araucarias lies on the volcano's western slopes.


See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c "Argentina and Chile, Central Ultra Prominences". Peaklist.org. Retrieved 2013-07-16.
  2. ^ a b c (in Spanish) Sernageomin. "Volcán Llaima". Archived from the original on 2007-04-29. Retrieved 2007-08-30. 
  3. ^ "Chile volcano forces evacuations". BBC. January 2, 2008. 
  4. ^ Volcan LLAIMA on YouTube
  5. ^ "Cancelan vuelos en el aeropuerto de Neuquén por la erupción en Chile del volcán Llaima". Clarín. January 2, 2008. 
  6. ^ "Chile ski station evacuated as volcano erupts". Yahoo!News. July 2, 2008. [permanent dead link]
  7. ^ Dzierma, Yvonne; Wehrmann, Heidi (2010). "Eruption time series statistically examined: Probabilities of future eruptions at Villarrica and Llaima Volcanoes, Southern Volcanic Zone, Chile". Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research. 193: 82–92. doi:10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2010.03.009. 

External links[edit]