Llandarcy oil refinery

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Llandarcy Oil Refinery
Llandarcy Oil Refinery, geograph-3395741-by-Ben-Brooksbank.jpg
Refinery in 1973
Llandarcy oil refinery is located in Neath Port Talbot
Llandarcy oil refinery
Llandarcy Oil Refinery in Neath Port Talbot
Coordinates51°38′46″N 3°51′47″W / 51.646°N 3.863°W / 51.646; -3.863Coordinates: 51°38′46″N 3°51′47″W / 51.646°N 3.863°W / 51.646; -3.863
Refinery details
Commissioned1919 (1919)
Capacity200,000 bbl/d (32,000 m3/d)
No. of employees2600

The Llandarcy Oil Refinery was the UK's first oil refinery in 1922, owned by BP. Previously to this refinery, the only oil refined in the UK came from Scottish shale.


It was known as the National Oil Refinery and BP Llandarcy. BP would later have its Kent Refinery and Grangemouth Refinery.


Construction began in February 1919, with a new railway line; it cost £3m; the refinery was formally opened on 29 June 1922 by Stanley Baldwin, President of the Board of Trade.

In 1961 a new oil terminal was built by BP at Angle Bay in Pembrokeshire.


When opened it was making around 150,000 gallons of petrol a day. In 1960 it was refining 8 million tons of crude oil a year, it was the third biggest oil refinery in the UK after Fawley Refinery and Lindsey Oil Refinery.


It closed in 1998; the site was demolished in October 2009.[1]


The site of the refinery was off the Llandarcy Interchange of the present-day M4, near the B4290 and Skewen; the area is known as Coedffranc. To the south, off the A483, is Crymlyn Burrows.

The site covered 650 acres.

See also[edit]

Railway to the site in 1973


External links[edit]