Atlantic Richfield Company is an American oil company with operations in the United States, the North Sea, the South China Sea, Mexico. It has more than 1,300 gas stations in the western part of the United States, five gas stations at northwestern Mexico. ARCO was formed by the merger of East Coast–based Atlantic Refining and California-based Richfield Oil Corporation in 1966. A merger in 1969 brought in Sinclair Oil Corporation, it became a subsidiary of UK-based BP plc in 2000 through its BP West Coast Products LLC affiliate. On August 13, 2012, it was announced that Tesoro would purchase ARCO and its refinery for $2.5 billion. However, the deal came under fire due to increasing fuel prices. Many activists urged state and federal regulators to block the sale due to concerns that it would reduce competition and could lead to higher fuel prices at ARCO stations. On June 3, 2013, BP sold the Carson Refinery to Tesoro for $2.5 billion. BP sold its Southern California terminals to Tesoro Logistics LP, including the Carson Storage Facility.
BP will continue to own the ampm brand and sell it to Tesoro for Southern California and Nevada. BP licensed the ARCO rights from Tesoro for Northern California and Washington. ARCO is known for its low-priced gasoline compared to other national brands due to an early 1980s decision to emphasize cost cutting and alternative sources of income. ARCO is headquartered in California. Tesoro was renamed Andeavor in 2017, was acquired by Marathon Petroleum in 2018. Following the acquisition, Marathon hinted at keeping the ARCO brand name in Mexico as well as select US markets will rebranding the rest either as standard Marathon stations or Speedway locations; the Atlantic Petroleum Storage Company's heritage dates back to 1866. It became part of the Standard Oil trust in 1874, but achieved independence again when Standard Oil was broken up in 1911. In 1915, Atlantic opens its first gas station on Baum Boulevard in Pennsylvania. In 1917, First Richfield Oil Company of California gas station at Slauson and Central Avenues in Los Angeles, California.
Richfield Oil Company of California logo is an Eagle trademark. The Atlantic Refining Company was headquartered in Pennsylvania. In 1921, Sinclair Oil Company opens first modern service station in Chicago called "Greasing Palace No. 1". Sinclair gets into trouble with Teapot Dome scandal. In 1966, Atlantic merges with the Richfield Oil Company of California; the first CEO was Robert Orville Anderson. The new company boasts a new trademark, a red diamond shape called the ARCO Spark designed by Bauhaus artist and architect Herbert Bayer. Commercial oil exploration started in Prudhoe Bay, Alaska, in the 1960s and the Prudhoe Bay Oil Field, North America's largest oil field, was discovered on March 12, 1968, by Atlantic Richfield Company and Exxon with the well Prudhoe Bay State #1. Key employees with ARCO Alaska were Marvin Mangus John M. Sweet, William D. Leake, chief project engineer for the Alaska pipeline; the Richfield Oil Company of California had purchased the drilling rights to the land where the discovery well was located.
British Petroleum had drilling rights near the discovery well. ARCO acquired Sinclair Oil Corporation in 1969, but divested certain Sinclair assets during the mid-1970s, resulting in Sinclair returning as a private company. In 1978, ARCO opened the first of its AMPM convenience stores in Southern California. ARCO once had a presence in the Southwestern U. S.—a stretch of Texas State Highway 225 east of Loop 610 in Houston, had an oil tank farm once painted with the ARCO logo. Lyondell-Citgo would rebrand the oil tanks in the 1980s. ARCO's global corporate headquarters were in the ARCO Plaza in Los Angeles at the corner of 5th and Flower Streets, the site of Richfield's former headquarters. ARCO's Oil & Gas division headquarters were in downtown Texas; the headquarters' building was a 46-story office building designed by architect I. M. Pei, the ARCO Tower. ARCO sold the building in the mid-1980s. Today, ARCO operates about 1,100 stations in five Western states: California, Oregon and Arizona. ARCO merged with Anaconda Copper Mining Company of Montana in 1977.
Anaconda's holdings included the Anaconda, Montana Smelter. ARCO founder Robert Orville Anderson stated "he hoped Anaconda's resources and expertise would help him launch a major shale-oil venture, but that the world oil glut and the declining price of petroleum made shale oil moot"; the purchase turned out to be a regrettable decision for ARCO. A lack of experience with hard-rock mining and a sudden drop in the price of copper to below seventy cents a pound, the lowest in years, caused ARCO to suspend all operations in Butte, Montana. By 1983, only six years after acquiring rights to the "Richest Hill on Earth", the Berkeley Pit was idle. By 1986, some ARCO properties were sold to billionaire industrialist Dennis Washington, whose company, Montana Resources, operates a much smaller open-pit mine east of the defunct Berkeley Pit. In 1985, the Atlantic brand was spun off for ARCO's East Coast stations as Atlantic Petroleum. Atlantic was acquired by Dutch trader John Deuss, who sold it in 1988 to Sunoco.
The ARCO brand is now used on the West Coast. ARCO specializes in discount gas by removing many frills, among them forcing prepayment for fuel, not
Ford World Rally Team
The Ford World Rally Team known as the Ford Motor Co. Team prior to 2005, is Ford Motor Company's full factory World Rally Championship team. In its current form, it has been a competitor since the 1997 season, when Ford Motor Company's motorsport arm selected the Malcolm Wilson Motorsport company to run its factory team, entering the Ford Escort World Rally Car; the new team took their first victory in the 1997 Acropolis Rally. Gerard Quinn senior manager motorsport Ford of Europe Malcolm Wilson team director Christian Loriaux technical director BP Castrol Michelin Icepeak Teng Tools Sparco OZ Racing Recaro M-Sport Reiger Racing Ford would end the 1978 season with a win for Hannu Mikkola on season ending Lombard RAC Rally, at the hands of an Escort RS1800, he would be followed home by Björn Waldegård and Britain's Russell Brookes, all in similar machinery. Ford had a long and successful history in rallying, winning the World Rally Championship in 1979 with the Ford Escort RS1800 and drivers Hannu Mikkola, Björn Waldegård and Ari Vatanen.
Ford did not enter any cars for these seasons after winning the 1979 World Rally Championship season, they instead concentrated on development of the stillborn Ford Escort RS 1700T. However, Ari Vatanen did win the 1981 drivers championship in a Rothmans liveried Ford Escort RS, this was run by David Sutton Cars, not an official works Ford World Rally team; the Boreham-based team were again missing from the 1985 season. Lessons learned from the RS 1700T programme were being used in the development of Ford's new rally weapon, the RS200, which would not hit the stages until 1986. Having spent time away from the sport developing the Ghia styled RS200, Ford made a return to the World Rallying stage at the second round in Sweden. Ford's new RS200 featured four-wheel drive, a turbocharged Cosworth BDT engine generating 450 bhp and a new blue and white Ford Motorsport livery. Ford employed the services of Swedish drivers Stig Blomqvist and Kalle Grundel, but they would each only be entered on four rallies, in a season overshadowed with tragedy.
Grundel achieved a podium finish on the RS200's debut in Sweden, a result that would not be bettered all season, the following round in Portugal saw an RS200 driven by Joaquim Santos leave the road, killing three spectators, Ford withdrew their entry for that rally. Fifth place for Grundel on the Lombard RAC Rally marked the end of the road for the RS200, as Group B rallying was banned for 1987, Ford finished fifth in the manufacturers championship behind rivals Peugeot, Lancia and Audi. Ford started the post Group B era with the Sierra XR4x4, which had the benefits of 4WD, but was not as powerful as its rivals, replaced it with the RWD Sierra RS Cosworth, more powerful, but lacked grip and traction on the gravel rallies that dominate the World Rally Championship. Stig Blomqvist was entered into the Monte Carlo and New Zealand rounds of the championship in a white Texaco sponsored Ford Sierra XR4x4, he could only muster a 6th-place finish on his home rally, after being disqualified and crashing out of the other two rallies.
The Sierra RS Cosworth proved to be far more successful in comparison, it would not win during 1987, but it did achieve a number of podium finishes. The car debuted on the Safari Rally, again driven by Stig Blomqvist, but would retire following a fire, its next outing would be on the island of Corsica. Blomqvist would again retire with turbo failure, but his teammates Carlos Sainz and Didier Auriol would fare much better, finishing 7th and 8th respectively. Ari Vatanen paired up with Blomqvist on the 1000 Lakes Rally in Finland, their speed and experience helping to negate some of the advantage of 4WD that their rivals enjoyed, they would finish 2nd and 3rd respectively. Ford would finish the season with 2nd and 3rd places for Blomqvist and Jimmy McRae, again against more capable rival machinery. Sporadic appearances throughout the season with cars that were compromised in one way or another meant that Stig Blomqvist would finish in a lowly 7th position in the drivers championship, whilst Ford could only manage to finish 5th in the manufacturers championship.
Ford entered the 1988 World Rally Championship season using both the XR4x4 and the Sierra RS Cosworth models, the Texaco sponsorship had gone, the cars now featured a corporate blue and white striped Ford colour scheme, similar to that seen on the Ford RS200 in 1986. The services of Stig Blomqvist, Carlos Sainz and Didier Auriol were retained from 1987, each driver being entered on the rallies in Portugal and Italy. Blomqvist would be entered for Round 2 in Rally Sweden, whilst Sainz and Auriol were entered in Corsica. A three car team of Blomqvist and Mark Lovell were entered for the season closing Lombard RAC Rally. Blomqvist kicked off Ford's season with 2nd place on his home round in a Rallysport Sweden prepared Sierra XR4x4, the best result for the 4WD Ford, something that would not be bettered; the Ford Sierra RS Cosworth would return for Round 3 in Portugal, Blomqvist would use it to finish in 5th place, but only after Sainz and Auriol had both retired from the event. Ford would return to winning ways in Corsica.
Sainz would collect points for 5th in Corsica and 6th in Finland, another rally where Auriol would finish on the podium, this time in 3rd place, two places ahead of Blomqvist. Auriol's luck would run out on the San Remo rally in Italy, suffering an accident that would force him to retire, Sa
Air BP is the specialised aviation division of BP. Air BP services are available at over 1000 airport locations in 70 countries and serves airlines, commercial aviation and general aviation. Air BP is one of the world's largest suppliers of both aviation fuels, including AVGAS and Kerosene jet fuels, lubricants for both turbine and piston-engined aircraft. Air BP supplies around 8 billion US gallons annually of both aviation fuels and lubricants to their worldwide customers. On 13 November 2007, Air BP launched a plug-in hybrid refueling vehicle at the Dubai Airshow. April 6, 2010 -- "Air BP, Ill. is being awarded a maximum $124,754,182 fixed-price with economic price adjustment, indefinite-delivery/indefinite-quantity contract for aviation turbine fuel." 16-Aug-2009 -- "BP West Coast Products in La Palma, CA won a maximum $516.8 million fixed price with economic price adjustment, indefinite-delivery/ indefinite-quantity contract for aviation fuel." August 24, 2008 -- "Air BP, Ill. is being awarded a maximum $12,446,821 fixed price with economic price adjustment contract for jet fuel."September 14, 2005 -- "BP West Coast Products LLC, La Palma, Calif. is being awarded a maximum $587,804,938 fixed price with economic price adjustment for JP8 Turbine Fuel and F-76 Fuel for Defense Energy Support Center."
Air BP Company Website
Fawley Refinery is an oil refinery located at Fawley, England. The refinery is owned by Esso, which acquired the site in 1925. Situated on Southampton Water, it was rebuilt and extended in 1951 and is now the largest oil refinery in the United Kingdom, one of the most complex refineries in Europe. With a capacity of 270,000 barrels a day, Fawley provides 20 percent of UK refinery capacity. An estimated 2,300 people are employed at the site; the refinery was established in 1921 by the Atlantic and West Indies Oil Company on 270 hectares of land. The site was chosen because a large amount of land was available for development, the area was not populated, because of the position on Southampton Water; this provided access to the large amount of water used in the refining process, made it possible for crude oil to be brought to the site in ocean tankers by sea. Proximity to Southampton was a factor, as at the outset much of the plant's output was used to supply liners using Southampton Docks. Atlantic and West Indies were bought out by British-Mexican Petroleum in 1923, they, in turn, were taken over by the Anglo-American Oil Company in 1926, the British affiliate of Esso.
In 1939 capacity was around 600,000 tonnes of crude oil per annum. Refining ceased during World War II, when most refined oil for the UK was imported, Fawley was used as a storage depot. In 1949 Esso embarked on the construction of a new refinery, a further 1200 hectares of land were acquired; the first stage of this expansion, which came on-stream in 1951, consisted of primary distillation units, a catalytic cracker and numerous treating units. The refinery was opened by British prime minister Clement Attlee on 14 September 1951, it had an initial estimated capacity of 157,000 barrels per day, or around one third of UK demand at that time. The chemical plant was created in 1958. Additional refining capacity was added, Fawley's capacity reached around 19,500,000 tonnes of crude oil per annum in 1973, has since decreased because of reduced demand for oil. Fawley refinery processes around 270,000 barrels of crude oil a day and provides 20 per cent of UK refinery capacity. Crude oil is transported by sea in tankers to the refinery's mile-long marine terminal, which handles around 2,000 ship movements and 22 million tonnes of crude oil and other products every year.
The crude oil is pumped into storage tanks before being processed. The crude oil is distilled into different fractions, with other complex processes being performed to produce a full range of products, that includes propane and butane, jet fuel, marine fuels, heating oil, lubricant basestocks and fuel oil. Major process units include 3 atmospheric and 3 vacuum distillation units, a fluid catalytic cracking unit, a resid finer, a polymerization plant, 2 powerformers, 6 hydrofiners, 2 sulphur extraction units, a lubricating oil manufacturing complex, an isomerization unit and a bitumen plant. In addition to this, the refinery is home to the largest refrigerated LPG storage facility in Northern Europe. About 5 % of Fawley's production is distributed by 25 % by sea and 70 % by pipelines; the refinery at Fawley supplies feedstock to the adjacent chemical plant. Rail facilities at Fawley comprise LPG loading, chlorine facilities, crude offloading, a chemical facilities building, caustic facilities, butyl rubber, gas oil and a coal road.
The ten mile long Fawley branch is connected to the South Western main line via an east-facing connection to the west of Totton station. The site houses a chemical facility operated by Nalco; the ExxonMobil chemical plant produces 750,000 tonnes of chemical products every year. The initial stage for many of the chemical products was the steam cracker, which took a feedstock of heavy naphtha or gas oil from the refinery to produce basic chemical building blocks: ethylene and butene; this plant is now demolished, with Ethylene shipped directly in from a supplier. Butene is stored in seven large pressurised spheres - known as the seven sisters - that are a prominent feature of the Fawley site; the higher olefins plant is the largest chemical plant at Fawley. The 14 higher olefins manufactured at Fawley are shipped to other chemical plants in Europe for further processing, they are used in the manufacture of plasticizers - the component in plastics which makes them flexible - and in the manufacture of performance fluids.
The two key chemical products produced at Fawley are halobutyl rubber and methyl ethyl ketone: Halobutyl rubber is the one polymer product made at Fawley. It is used to line tyres; the isobutylene feedstock for the polymers plant comes from the isobutylene plant. The solid halobutyl rubber is formed into bales and packed into crates in which it is shipped to customers around the world; the majority of tyres manufactured in Europe contain some Fawley halobutyl rubber. MEK is a solvent used in adhesives. Residue from the isobutylene plant is used in the manufacture of MEK. Fawley refinery has been the scene of a number of explosions. In 1935, a major oil tank blaze caused a fire. In 1969, a major fire broke out in the refinery causing damage to large parts of it. In July 2007, the BBC reported a fire in the steam generating plant of the refi
Sleep Train Arena
Sleep Train Arena ARCO Arena and Power Balance Pavilion, is a defunct indoor arena located in Sacramento, United States. Opened in 1988, it was the home of the Sacramento Kings of the National Basketball Association from 1988 to 2016, it hosted nearly 200 spectator events each year. The arena is named for The Sleep Train, a chain of mattress and bed retailers based in Rocklin that at the time of the agreement was a subsidiary of Mattress Firm, a Houston-based retailer that has since re-branded all Sleep Train stores as Mattress Firm; the original ARCO Arena, where the Kings played their home games for three seasons, after moving from Kansas City had a capacity of 10,333 seats. This arena was the home for the Sacramento Attack of the Arena Football League in 1992 in their only season and the WNBA's Sacramento Monarchs until they folded in 2009. Sleep Train Arena is located in a once isolated area on the expanding northern outskirts of the city, it was constructed at a cost of just $40 million, the lowest of any venue in the NBA.
It is the smallest arena in the NBA with a seating capacity of 17,317, has 30 luxury suites and 412 club seats. It can host such varied events as concerts, ice shows and monster truck rallies. At one time nearly two million spectators from throughout Northern California visited Sleep Train Arena in a year; the configuration for ice shows and ice hockey runs perpendicular to the basketball court with the normal sideline seating being retractable to allow for an international standard ice rink. In 2006, there was a campaign to build a new $600 million facility in downtown Sacramento, to be funded by a quarter cent sales tax increase over 15 years; the original namesake sponsor of the arena was ARCO. On March 19, 2007, the Maloof brothers announced a multi-year agreement extending the naming rights of ARCO Arena. ARCO's sponsorship agreement ran out in February 2011; the arena was renamed Power Balance Pavilion on March 1, 2011 for its new sponsor, Power Balance, a manufacturer of sports wristbands.
On October 15, 2012, the arena assumed its current name when The Sleep Train purchased the naming rights. The arena's center-hung scoreboard was designed as a joint venture between Panasonic and White Way Sign, it contained four LCD video screens plus enough room for two players' stats on each team. Sleep Train Arena was still in use until December 2016 though the Kings and major concerts moved to the new Golden 1 Center in October 2016. There are no immediate plans on what to land surrounding it; the last Kings home game at Sleep Train Arena was on April 9, 2016, a 114-112 win against the Oklahoma City Thunder. The last points scored in the arena were two free throws by the Kings' Rudy Gay with one second left to clinch the game for the Kings; the last ticketed event at Sleep Train Arena was the Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey Circus on September 19, 2016. The circus opened the arena back in 1988; the last planned event was Sacramento State's winter commencement ceremonies on December 17, 2016.
In November 2018, officials from the Sacramento Zoo have explored the possibility of moving the zoo to the Sleep Train Arena site. The arena is planned for demolition. Sleep Train Arena has hosted several state high school basketball championship games; the arena has hosted NCAA Men's Basketball Tournaments multiple times and was the host site for the 2007 NCAA Volleyball Championships. Sleep Train Arena has hosted several WWE events including the 1993 Royal Rumble, Judgment Day 2001, The Bash in 2009. Sleep Train Arena has played host to four Ultimate Fighting Championship events: UFC 65, UFC 73, UFC on Fox: Johnson vs. Benavidez 2 and UFC 177; the arena hosted World Extreme Cagefighting's first pay-per-view event, WEC 48, on April 24, 2010. It hosted the WEC's two biggest events WEC 34, Faber vs. Pulver 1, WEC 41, Brown vs. Faber 2, with an average of 1,300,500 viewers on Versus each, it hosted WEC. Other notable events include the five-day 1995 Billy Graham Greater Sacramento Crusade, which 177,000 people attended.
A crowd of 47,500 people showed up on one night of the event, when Michael W. Smith was the musical guest. Sleep Train Arena hosts many graduation celebrations for local high schools; the arena has hosted a PBR Built Ford Tough Series bull riding event every year since 2005. ARCO Park is an unfinished multi-purpose stadium directly north of the arena; the original plan was to have a AAA minor-league baseball stadium adjacent to the basketball stadium. The stadium would have been capable of expansion to accommodate both a Major League Baseball team and a National Football League team. However, the facility was never finished because the Sacramento Sports Association ran out of money during construction in 1989 and a team was never secured; the remnants of this incomplete stadium include foundations and a tunnel leading to the basketba
Shell-Mex and BP
Shell-Mex and BP Ltd was a British joint marketing venture between petroleum companies Royal Dutch Shell and British Petroleum. It was formed in 1932 when both companies decided to merge their United Kingdom marketing operations in response to the difficult economic conditions of the times; the parent organisations de-merged their United Kingdom marketing operations in 1976. The announcement was as follows: Since 1932 the products of the Companies of the Royal Dutch/Shell Group and of The British Petroleum Group have been marketed in the UK through the agency of Shell-Mex and B. P. Ltd. In that year the company's business amounted to about 3 million tons, out of a total UK market of some 7 million tons; the activities of this most successful enterprise have extended over the years. In 1970 Shell-Mex and B. P. Ltd. supplied 40 million tons of the UK petroleum market, amounting to a total of 100 million tons. In the majority of countries outside the UK. Shell and BP have always each marketed their products through their own separate organisations and it has been decided that Shell and BP marketing operations in the UK should now be brought more into line with this pattern over the next 4-5 years.
Since 1966 the Shell and the BP Service Station networks have been managed by separate sales organisations within Shell-Mex and B. P, it is now proposed to extend this'brand streaming' progressively to cover all products and all market sectors. This will lead to the establishment of two viable marketing organisations within Shell-Mex and B. P. thus facilitating the termination of the agency agreement. The National Benzole Company will continue to trade under the National brand and will form part of the BP marketing organisation; the Supply and Delivery functions, the Computer and other services, will be the object of further detailed study once brand streaming of direct trade is complete and a plan for the treatment of Authorised Distributors is agreed. Should it be decided that these functions should continue for a period after the transfer of the sales activities these will continue to be carried out by Shell-Mex and B. P; the employees of Shell-Mex and B. P. will be redeployed within the separate marketing organisations and redundancies will not arise as a result of this re-organisation.
The company's head offices were at Shell Mex House on London's Strand. 1934 Dominion Motor Spirit 1957 National Benzole