British and Foreign Bible Society
The British and Foreign Bible Society known in England and Wales as the Bible Society, is a non-denominational Christian Bible society with charity status whose purpose is to make the Bible available throughout the world. The Society was formed on 7 March 1804 by a group of people including William Wilberforce and Thomas Charles to encourage the "wider circulation and use" of the Scriptures; the British and Foreign Bible Society dates back to 1804 when a group of Christians, associated with the Religious Tract Society, sought to address the problem of a lack of affordable Bibles in Welsh for Welsh-speaking Christians. Many young girls had walked long distances to Rev Thomas Charles to get copies of the Bible; the story was told of one of them - a young girl called Mary Jones who walked over 20 miles to get a Bible in Bala, Gwynedd. BFBS was not the first Bible Society in the world; the first organisation in Britain to be called "The Bible Society" was founded in 1779 and now called the Naval and Air Force Bible Society.
The first BFBS translation project was the Gospel of John into Mohawk for Canada. In the British Isles BFBS reprinted Bibles in Welsh, Scots Gaelic and Manx Gaelic first produced by SPCK; the first Romani translation was the Gospel of Luke into the Caló language of Iberia. From the early days, the Society sought to be non-sectarian; the Controversy in 1825-6 about the Apocrypha and the Metrical Psalms resulted in the secession of the Glasgow and Edinburgh Bible Societies, which formed what is now the Scottish Bible Society. This and another similar 1831 controversy about Unitarians holding significant Society offices resulted in a minority separating to form the Trinitarian Bible Society; the Bible Society extended its work to England, India and beyond. Protestant communities in many European countries date back to the work of nineteenth century BFBS Bible salesmen. Auxiliary branches were set up all over the world, which became Bible Societies in their own right, today operate in co-operation as part of the United Bible Societies.
The Bible Society is a non-denominational Christian network which works to translate, revise and distribute affordable Bibles in England and Wales. During World War One Bible Society distributed more than nine million copies of Scripture, in over 80 languages, to combatants and prisoners of war on all sides of the war. Bible Society managed this despite immense challenges – supply shortages, rising paper costs, paper rationing, submarine blockades and the sinking of merchant shipping. Greater than these physical difficulties was the emotional toll – former colleagues found themselves fighting on opposing sides. Bible salesmen throughout Europe volunteered into their respective armies; the Bible Society responded to the challenge. They printed New Testaments bound in khaki, stamped with a cross, for distribution via the Red Cross among sick and wounded soldiers and prisoners of war. On average between 6–7,000 volumes were sent out every working day for fighting men, the sick and wounded, the prisoners of war and refugees.
That's over four copies distributed each minute and night, for the duration of the war. Translation work never stopped – between August 1914 and November 1918, Bible Society printed Scriptures in 34 new languages and dialects; this meant. For many years the headquarters of the society was in London. C.4. By 1972 it had distributed whole Bibles or parts of the Bible in 1,431 languages. At that time it was distributing 173 million copies each year; the Society is working to circulate the Scriptures across the world, in the church and through the culture. The strategy of Bible Society centres on Bible availability and credibility - what it calls the ‘lifecycle’ of the Bible; these strategic approaches encompass all of its activity: translation, distribution, literacy and advocacy. Translation: making the Bible available in languages without the Scriptures, revising existing Bibles to bring the language up-to-date, so that everyone can experience the Scriptures in their mother tongue. Translation is into spoken and signed languages Production: printing physical copies of the Bible and producing Scriptures in different formats such as print and digital forms in order to meet the demands of the millions around the world who want a Bible of their own Distribution: taking the Bible to places where it might otherwise be hard to come by, in formats that people can use Literacy: helping people to read and to read well, using the Bible as a resource Engagement: helping people grapple with the Bible and respond to it wisely Advocacy: giving the wider culture a reason and opportunity to encounter the joys of the BibleThe Bible Society has by far the largest collection of Bibles in the world, with about 39,000 items.
It includes its Chinese Collection, the largest collection of Chinese Scriptures anywhere in the world. Since the society's move to Swindon in 1985 the library has been located in the library of the University of Cambridge; the Society's mission is global. Its work is organised into two categories: international; the Society is part of an international fellowship of over 140 Bible Societies around the world, known as the United Bible Societies. Its entire international programme is delivered on the ground through the close relationship they have with each of their fellow Bible Societies. American Bible Society Protestant missionary societies in China during the 19th Century Christian apologetics Ernest Tipson George Borrow 1823 Peshitta editi
Pwllheli is a community and the main market town of the Llŷn Peninsula in Gwynedd, north-western Wales. It had a population of 4,076 in 2011 of whom 81 %, are Welsh speaking. Pwllheli is the place, it is the birthplace of the Welsh poet Sir Albert Evans-Jones. The town's name means salt water basin; the town was given its charter as a borough by Edward, the Black Prince, in 1355, a market is still held each Wednesday in the centre of the town on'Y Maes'. The town grew around the shipbuilding and fishing industries, the granite quarry at Gimlet Rock. During the 1890s, the town was developed by a Cardiff businessman; this work included the Promenade and houses at West End. A tramway was built linking the town to Llanbedrog; the trams ran until 1927 when the section of track between Carreg-y-Defaid and Tyddyn-Caled was damaged by a storm. Andrews ran the Cardiff Road section in 1928, offered to sell the tramway to Pwllheli Corporation at the end of the season, but they did not take up his offer, he sold the assets, the Corporation removed the tracks during the winter of 1928/29.
For many years a holiday camp run by Butlins operated a few miles from Pwllheli at Pen-y-chain. During the Second World War it became a naval camp, HMS Glendower, it operated a hospital for wounded servicemen at Brynberyl on the Pwllheli to Caernarfon road two miles out of town. After the war, Butlins re-established the holiday camp; the camp, now renamed Hafan y Môr, is now run by the Haven group. Pwllheli is the main town of the Llŷn Peninsula, has a range of shops and other services; as a local railhead with a market every Wednesday, the town is a gathering point for the population of the whole peninsula. Ysgol Cymerau, primary school Ysgol Glan y Môr, secondary school Ysgol Glan y Môr was formed by the merger in 1969 of the former Pwllheli Grammar School at Penrallt and the Frondeg Secondary Modern School in Upper Ala Road, to form a comprehensive school based at two separate sites in the town; the junior pupils were located at the Penrallt site and the senior pupils at a new complex in Cardiff Road.
This new school was subsequently expanded to accommodate all pupils under the Ysgol Glan y Môr name. The Penrallt site was redeveloped as the Pwllheli campus of Coleg Meirion-Dwyfor; the façade of the main building of the old grammar school was retained and incorporated into the design of the current college buildings. Thus the'old school' is seen from the town square as it has been since the former Pwllheli County School moved to Penrallt in the early 20th century. Coleg Meirion-Dwyfor Pwllheli railway station is the terminus of the Cambrian Coast Railway running to Machynlleth with services continuing to Shrewsbury and Birmingham; the station is served by Transport for Wales. The rail link to Caernarfon via the Carnarvonshire Railway was axed under the Beeching cuts and closed in December 1964. Pwllheli is connected to the wider road network by the A497 to Porthmadog and the A499 to Caernarfon. From there, major roads lead away from Gwynedd to the rest of Wales. Bus services in the town are operated by Arriva Buses Wales and Nefyn Coaches and serve most of the town as well as the rest of the wider Llŷn Peninsula area.
Clynnog & Trefor run services to Caernarfon where connections can be made to Bangor and the wider North Wales area. Pwllheli bus station is situated in the town centre. Plas Bodegroes a Michelin starred restaurant Two Blue Flag beaches Penarth Fawr a 15th-century house Marina Hafan y Môr, a former Butlins holiday camp now operated by Haven Pwllheli Market Clwb Golff Pwllheli - a par 69 links and parkland golf course Pwllheli Sailing Club - hosts national and international events Neuadd Dwyfor - theatre and cinema located in Penlan StreetPwllheli has a section of the Wales Coast Path along its shoreline. Pwllheli hosted the National Eisteddfod in 1925 and 1955, as well as an unofficial National Eisteddfod event in 1875. According to the United Kingdom Census 2001, 80% of the population speak Welsh, with the highest percentage of Welsh speakers in the 10-14 age bracket, 94%. Pwllheli is home to association football team Pwllheli F. C. rugby union team Pwllheli RFC and Running Club Llŷn Striders.
Pwllheli is a hub for water sports, due in part to a large and modern marina, Pwllheli Sailing Club, Plas Heli - the Welsh National Sailing Academy. The town has South Beach and Glan don. South Beach stretches from Gimlet Rock, across the Promenade and West End, towards Penrhos and Llanbedrog. Glan don Beach is located on the eastern side of the river mouth and runs for 3 miles from behind the marina workshops and out towards Penychain; the town has a popular golf club, located on the beautiful Llŷn coastline. Official Website for Pwllheli Memories of Butlin's at Pwllheli www.geograph.co.uk: photos of Pwllheli and surrounding area list of ships built at Pwllheli at Rhiw.com
North Wales Police
North Wales Police is the territorial police force responsible for policing North Wales. The headquarters are in Colwyn Bay, with divisional headquarters in St Asaph and Wrexham. Gwynedd Constabulary was formed in 1950 by the amalgamation of Caernarfonshire Constabulary, Anglesey Constabulary and Merionethshire Constabulary. In 1974, the Local Government Act 1972 created an administrative county of Gwynedd covering the western part of the police area; as a result of this, the force was renamed North Wales Police on 1 April 1974. Under proposals made by the Home Secretary on 6 February 2006, the force would merge with Dyfed-Powys Police, Gwent Police and South Wales Police to form a single strategic force for all of Wales; the proposals were shelved. The North Wales Police Authority consisted of 17 members, of whom 9 were councillors, 3 were magistrates and 5 were independent members; the councillors were appointed by a Joint Committee of the unitary authority councils of Anglesey, Denbighshire, Flintshire and Wrexham.
The Police Authority was replaced by the Office of the North Wales Police and Crime Commissioner in November 2012. On 4 May 2011, North Wales Police completed a major restructure, moving from 3 territorial divisions to a single North Wales-wide Policing function. North Wales Police is a partner in the following collaboration: North West Police Underwater Search & Marine Unit North Wales and Cheshire Firearms Alliance Wales Extremism and Counter Terrorism Unit In recent years North Wales Police has attracted a great deal of media attention above and beyond its size. Many have attributed this phenomenon to its former Chief Constable Richard Brunstrom, who accepts he is obsessed with speeding motorists, he has courted controversy and publicity through his vocal views on speeding motorists and the legalisation of drugs. The Sun newspaper dubbed him the "Mad Mullah of the Traffic Taleban." Despite this negative publicity he has earned respect for learning the Welsh language promoting the normalisation of its use within the force at all levels and conversing publicly through it on numerous occasions.
He is credited with modernising the organisation's infrastructure in comparison with other areas of Britain. In April 2007, Brunstrom came under fire for an incident in which he showed a photograph of the severed head of a biker in a press meeting without the family's permission. Brunstrom maintains that it was a "closed" meeting, a point made both on the invitation and verbally, that no details of the picture should have been leaked, it drew criticism because the photo enabled the media to identify the deceased, since he was wearing a distinctive T-shirt with an anti-police message on it, which gained a lot of attention during the inquest. Motorcycle News magazine handed in a 1,600 signature petition to the Independent Police Complaints Commission in London requesting Brunstrom be removed, The Independent Police Complaints Commission confirmed that it would carry out an independent review into the incident. Other people note that the motorcyclist, killed, caused the accident that disabled the other car driver, so Brunstrom has a valid point that motoring is an important area to focus on.
North Wales Police has attracted attention due to its investigation into allegations of anti-Welsh comments by TV personality Anne Robinson and UK Prime Minister Tony Blair. The force was believed to have carried out these investigations following complaints from members of the public; the 10-month investigation into the Prime Minister was dropped on 11 July 2006 due to a lack of evidence. It had cost £1,656, whereas the Anne Robinson investigation cost £3,800; as with all other territorial police force North Wales Police have police community support officers. As of 31 March 2011 North Wales Police have 159 PCSOs. Unlike the majority of police forces in England and Wales North Wales Police is only one out of three forces that issue its PCSOs hand cuffs The only other forces that do this are Dyfed-Powys Police and British Transport Police; the issuing of handcuffs to PCSOs has been controversial. Sir Philip Myers, 1974 to 1982 David Owen, 1982 to 1994 Michael Argent, 1994 to 2001 Richard Brunstrom, 2001 to 2009 Mark Polin, 2010 to 2018 Gareth Pritchard, Temporary Chief Constable, 2018 to Present List of police forces in Wales sorted by region Policing in the United Kingdom North Wales Fire and Rescue Service North Wales Police North Wales Police and Crime Commissioner North Wales YouTube channel
Penrhyndeudraeth is a small town and community in the Welsh county of Gwynedd. The town is close to the mouth of the River Dwyryd on the A487 nearly 3 miles east of Porthmadog, had a population of 2,150 at the 2011 census, increased from 2,031 in 2001. An older settlement of a few cottages at Upper Penrhyn was called Cefn Coch and that name is perpetuated by the Penrhyndeudraeth primary school, known as Ysgol Cefn Coch; the ground on which it stands was a malarial swamp encircling a huge stagnant pool. The present town owes its existence as a commercial centre to a local landowner, David Williams of Castell Deudraeth near Minffordd, who in the mid-19th century drained the swamp and dried the pool and constructed many streets. Adopting a scheme of town planning evolved by the builder of Tremadog and his Italian craftsmen, Williams gave Penrhyndeudraeth broad streets and wide open spaces; the main square is a road junction with choice of four roads - one leading to the station, one to Porthmadog, one to Maentwrog and the other to Llanfrothen and the Pass of Aberglaslyn.
Williams' daughter Alice Williams built the first Institute Hall for one of the first British Women's Institutes in the country in Penrhyndeudraeth. The lower half of Penrhyndeudraeth used to be a lake, drained to create the area where the village's High Street is today; the names of terraces in Penrhyndeudraeth, such as Glanllyn and Penllyn, refer to a time when the site was underwater. There is an area named Penlan, which may point to the reason why the lower half of Penrhyndeudraeth is flat, it is believed that the lower half of Penrhyndeudraeth was founded on a spot behind the Royal Oak pub where the old Pierce & Sons garage is located. Prior to the many 19th century land reclamation projects and the building of the Ffestiniog Railway, both of which spurred economic growth, the few local inhabitants relied on agriculture and small-scale copper mining; some men worked boats on the River Dwyryd. Local women at that time gathered cockles in the estuary for sale in local markets. Penrhyndeudraeth is still known locally by the people of Blaenau Ffestiniog and Porthmadog, as Penrhyn Cocos.
Halfway between Penrhyndeudraeth and Minffordd, next to the Snowdonia National Park Headquarters, but standing apart, is Hendre Hall, where in 1648 Humphrey Humphreys was born. He became Bishop of Bangor from 1689 to 1701 and of Hereford, he died in 1712. One of the family carvings at the Holy Trinity Church Penrhyndeudraeth is of him and there is an oak chest which Richard Humphreys gave to Llanfrothen Church whilst working as its warden in 1690; the property named "Cae Ednyfed", between Penrhyndeudraeth and Minffordd, was once the property of Ednyfed Fychan, commander-in-chief to Llywelyn ap Iorwerth. The town has not always been religious. Early in the history of the Methodists, they established chapels, fellowship meetings were established. There is a history of revivalists such as Daniel Rowland who held meetings at Tyddyn Isaf and the poet Dafydd Siôn Siâms who publicly cursed the new religion before himself being converted, he chastised the Methodists mercilessly before burning all their critical poetic works in a public bonfire in the village square.
The Old Methodists' original communion chalice is to be seen in the National Library in Aberystwyth. The town was in two Anglican parishes and Llandecwyn. Holy Trinity church was built in 1858 and a new parish of Penrhyndeudraeth was created in 1897. For nearly 75 years the explosives works were the economic backbone of the village; the population depended on employment offered by the slate industry at Blaenau Ffestiniog and the trade in raw materials through the busy harbour at Porthmadog. An electoral ward in the same name exists; this ward extends north to Llanfrothen with a total population of 2,587. The main manufacturing industry in Penrhyndeudraeth was established in 1872 to make guncotton. Cookes Explosives Ltd, which became part of the Imperial Chemical Industries, dealing with increased demand for munitions during World War I, set up a new explosives factory at Penrhyndeudraeth, bringing an economic boom to the town; the plant produced thousands of tons of munitions for the war and explosives for quarrying and mining.
In 1949, R. T. Cooke applied for a licence to store explosives at Croesor Quarry, in Penrhyndeudraeth. Many lives were lost in accidents at the works, there is a slate plaque to remember them and everyone who worked there; the prolonged miners' strike of 1984 and the competition from foreign coal imports resulted in wholesale pit closures which, in turn, reduced the demand for mining explosives to the point where production was no longer economic and the site was cleared in 1997. It is now a nature reserve notable for the presence in summer of nightjars. Another 19th-century industry in the district is Garth Quarry at Minffordd, established in 1870 to make granite setts for road building in towns and cities. Like the explosives industry, the quarry relied on the coming of the Cambrian Railways in 1872; the quarry now produces roadstone and railway ballast. The town is at the junction of the A487 with the A4085 which connects with Beddgelert and Caernarfon; the first section of this road is narrow and rises steeply through Upper Penrhyn.
In places it is so narrow. To the sout
Meirionnydd is a coastal and mountainous region of Wales. It has been a cantref, a district and, as Merionethshire, a county. Meirionnydd was a sub-kingdom of Gwynedd, founded according to legend by Meirion, a grandson of Cunedda, a warrior-prince who brought his family to Wales from the'Old North' in the early 5th century, his dynasty seems to have ruled there for the next four hundred years. The kingdom lay between the River Mawddach and the River Dovey, spreading in a north-easterly direction; the ancient name of the cantref was Cantref Orddwy. The familiar name coming from Meiron's kingdom; the cantref of Meirionnydd held the presumed boundaries of the previous kingdom but now as a fief of the Kingdom of Gwynedd where it continued to enjoy long spells of relative independence. It was divided into the commotes of Talybont, it was abolished in 1284 following the Statute of Rhuddlan and reorganised with the addition of some neighbouring cantrefi to form the county of Merionethshire. The borders of Meirionnydd were expanded as a county to include the old cantrefi of Penllyn and Ardudwy.
It took the name Merionethshire under English Law. In 1974 the administrative county was merged with those of Caernarfon and Anglesey to create a new Gwynedd. Meirionnydd was one of five districts of Gwynedd from 1974 to 1996; the district comprised the majority of the administrative county of Merionethshire and reverted to the Welsh spelling of the county's name. The district was created by the Local Government Act 1972, replaced the following local government areas of Merionethshire: The urban districts of Bala, Dolgellau, Blaenau Ffestiniog and Tywyn The rural districts of Deudraeth and PenllynMeirionnydd District was abolished in 1996 by the Local Government Act 1994, becoming part of the unitary authority of'Caernarfonshire and Merionethshire', renamed Gwynedd as the first act of the new council. An area committee of Gwynedd Council now covers the area
Tywyn spelled to Towyn, is a town and seaside resort on the Cardigan Bay coast of southern Gwynedd, Wales. It was in the historic county of Merionethshire, it is famous as the location of the Cadfan Stone, a stone cross with the earliest known example of written Welsh, the home of the Talyllyn Railway. The name derives from the Welsh tywyn: extensive sand dunes are still to be found to the north and south of the town. In Middle Welsh, the spelling was Tywyn. In the Early Modern period, the spelling Towyn became common in order to reflect a slight change in pronunciation at that time; the modern spelling Tywyn better reflects the current pronunciation in modern Welsh as spoken in north Wales. With the standardisation of the orthography of the Welsh language in the first part of the 20th century, the spelling Tywyn came to dominate, was accepted as the official name of the town in both languages in the 1970s. In Welsh, the town is sometimes referred to as Tywyn Meirionnydd. In origin, this usage refers to the cantref of Meirionnydd, but is now understood as referring to the historical county of the same name.
In English, during the late 19th century and until the middle of the 20th century, the town was sometimes called Towyn-on-Sea. The place-name element tywyn is found in many other parts of Wales, most notably Towyn near Abergele. Tywyn was the location of the first religious community administered by the Breton saint Cadfan upon his arrival in Gwynedd, prior to his departure to found a monastery on Bardsey Island off the Llyn Peninsula; the church contains some early material. The town's historic centre lies around the church of St Cadfan's. In the second half of the 19th century the town expanded mainly towards the sea. To the north of the town lie the reclaimed salt marshes of Morfa Tywyn and Morfa Gwyllt, beyond which lie the Broad Water lagoon and the mouth of the Afon Dysynni. To the north-east lie the rich farmland of Bro Dysynni and the village of Bryncrug, to the east the hills of Craig y Barcud and Craig Fach Goch. To the south towards Aberdyfi is the mouth of the Afon Dyffryn Gwyn and Penllyn Marshes.
The Tywyn coastal defence scheme, a £7.6m civil engineering project, to provide a new rock breakwater above the low-tide level, rock groynes, rock revetment to protect 80 sea-front properties was unveiled by Jane Davidson, the Minister for Environment and Housing in the Welsh Assembly Government, on 24 March 2011. At the time of the 2001 census, 40.5% of the population were recorded as Welsh speakers. By the 2011 census this had decreased to 37.5%. These high figures reflect the use of both Welsh and English as the medium of instruction in Ysgol Penybryn, the town's primary school. An Estyn inspection report in 2010 noted that about 11% of the children at the school came from homes where Welsh was the main language; the town's Welsh dialect has several notable features, with one Victorian observer stating that three languages were spoken there: English, Welsh and'Tywynaeg'. During the 1860s, in the town's British School, a'Welsh stick' was used to punish children who were caught speaking Welsh.
Yet Welsh was the dominant language in Tywyn until the middle of the 20th century. Tywyn is now a anglicised town, with the majority of its population having been born in England according to the 2011 census. More respondents claimed an English-only identity than a Welsh-only identity; the church is of interest for two medieval effigies, for a stone inscribed with what is believed to be the oldest known writing in the Welsh language, dating back to the 8th century AD, rescued from a local gateway in the 18th century. Improved transport links during the 19th century increased Tywyn's appeal as a tourist destination. In the early decades of thatcentury, a creek of the river Dysynni allowed ships to approach the town's northern fringes, where there was a shipbuilding yard; the draining of the salt marsh and the channelling of the river brought this industry to an end, but during the early part of that century the town was made more accessible by building new roads along the coast to Aberdyfi and Llwyngwril.
The railway arrived in the mid-1860s, had a significant effect on the town. Tywyn railway station opened in 1863; the station is still open, is served by the Cambrian Line. Slate-quarrying in the Abergynolwyn area led to the building in 1865 of the Talyllyn Railway, a narrow-gauge line designed to carry slates to Tywyn. Two stations were opened in the town. Tywyn Wharf railway station was opened to enable slates to be unloaded onto a wharf adjacent to the main railway line, it is now the Talyllyn's western terminus and principal station. Pendre railway station was the passenger station, now houses the locomotive and carriage sheds and works. Notable visitors who stayed at Tywyn in the 19th century include: Thomas Love Peacock Thomas Fremantle, 1st Baron Cottesloe Ignatius Spencer Charles Darwin William Morris Elizabeth Blackwell The beach and its extensive promenade have long been key attractions. In 1877, a pier was built at Tywyn; the street called'Pier Road', which leads from the town to the beach, offers a suggestion as to its location.
The promenade was completed in 1889 at the cost of some £30,000, paid for by John Corbett of Ynysymaengwyn. There has been extensive bungalow
Nefyn is a small town and community on the North West coast of the Llŷn Peninsula in Gwynedd, Wales. In Caernarfonshire, it has a population of 2,602. Nefyn is popular with visitors for its sandy beach, has one substantial hotel. Welsh is the first language of 73% of its inhabitants; the A497 road terminates in the town centre. The community includes Morfa Nefyn; the history of the area can be traced back to 300 BC with the Iron Age hillfort of Garn Boduan overlooking Nefyn. The remains of 170 round stone huts and ramparts are still visible on top of the 917 feet hill; the earliest known reference to Nefyn in documents dates from the latter part of the 11th century, when it is mentioned as a landing place of the Welsh prince, Gruffudd ap Cynan. Gerald of Wales, writing in his account of a journey around Wales in 1188, says that he slept at Nefyn on the eve of Palm Sunday. Nefyn was the location of the court of the commote of Dinlaen: part of the cantref of Llŷn. Edward I of England held a jousting tournament in the town in 1284 to celebrate his victory over the Welsh, emphasising its importance at that time as a trading town.
In 1355 it remained an important centre of commerce. The sea was always an important part of the economy of Nefyn. Herring were locally referred to as "Nefyn beef". In 1910 Nefyn had 40 herring fishing boats, but herring fishing ceased around the time of the First World War; the area nurtured many ship's captains in the age of sail, shipbuilding was an important local industry. About 3 miles to the south-west is Madryn Castle, home of Sir Love Jones-Parry, one of the founders of the settlement of Puerto Madryn in Argentina; the foundations of the old St Mary's parish church date from the 6th century, although the present building was erected in 1827. It would have been an important staging post for pilgrimages to Ynys Enlli; the old church is no longer a place of worship but houses a museum dedicated to the maritime history of Nefyn. Since 2013, archaeologists have been investigating the area under the church and have uncovered a 13th-14th century brooch and the remains of a lady buried sometime between 1180 and 1250 in an older form of entombment called a cist grave.
Nefyn is now part of a wider ministry area led by former hostage negotiator and Arsenal fan the Reverend Richard Wood. The place name is of uncertain origin, it is recorded as Newin in 1291, as Nefyn in 1291. It may represent a personal name; the Romans recorded a tribe occupying the peninsula called the'Gangani', who are recorded as a tribe in Ireland. Nefyn and District Golf Club was formed in 1907; the course added a further 9 holes in 1912 and a third set of 9 holes in 1933. The current course is made up of a front ten with a choice of two back eights, it is set high on the sea cliffs of the narrow peninsula overlooking Porthdinllaen bay. Since 1929, Nefyn has played host to a Beach Mission, which runs for two weeks at the beginning of August each year. Nefyn football club, Nefyn United F. C. has enjoyed some success over the years, winning numerous league titles. At present the senior team competes in the Welsh Alliance League: it was promoted from the Gwynedd League in 2005-06. During the Second World War, the Royal Air Force built a Chain Home radar station to the south-west of Nefyn.
A tremor in the area on 12 December 1940 was reported by the Cambrian News as having caused two fatalities including John Thomas of Nefyn who died of a heart attack. On 19 July 1984 an earthquake measuring 5.4 on the Richter scale had an epicentre near Nefyn. This was one of the strongest tremors recorded in Britain for recent times but caused little structural damage. Nefyn is twinned with a town in Chubut Province in Argentina. There are two electoral wards within the confines of Nefyn; the population of Nefyn Ward at the 2011 census was 1,373. Harpist John Parry known as Parry Ddall Rhiwabon. Sir Thomas Duncombe Love Jones-Parry, 1st Baronet, Liberal MP and one of the founders of the Welsh settlement in Argentina, inherited the Madryn estate near Nefyn in 1853. Elizabeth Watkin-Jones, author of children's books in the Welsh language, was born in Nefyn on 13 July 1887. Actor Rupert Davies, who played Maigret in the eponymous BBC television series in the 1960s, is buried at Pistyll near Nefyn.
Singer Duffy was brought up between Pembrokeshire. Footballer Dylan Sion Jones played for Nefyn for many years and represented the North Wales Coast Football Association. Office for National Statistics - Neighbourhood Statistics - Welsh Language - 2011 Census Office for National Statistics - Neighbourhood Statistics - Full List - Parish of Nefyn - 2011 Census Former Nefyn resident's relatives in America Herring fishing at Nefyn Nefyn.com - This site contains stories and photos from a former Nefyn resident. Nefyn, Wales Recollections from America. Brian Owen. LULU. ISBN 978-1-105-54781-2; the Last Great Nefyn Herring Catch 1950 Draw Netting in Nefyn 1954 An Evacuee's Story: From Kent to North Wales Further Historical and genealogy information on Nefyn Flikr Search for Nefyn Photographs Online guide to the Llŷn Peninsula www.geograph.co.uk: photos of Nefyn and surrounding area British Geological Survey case study of landslide in Nefyn in 2001 Ysgol Gynradd Nefyn Primary School Nefyn Football Club Nefyn and District Golf Club Llyn Maritime Museum, Nefyn